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.» OTJV 2723 -JJ1£D 179 h. 










"ii ••J. 

Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1S49, 


in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the District of Massachusetts. 


BINDING I ^ M f^y.y 

OF 1899.) 



JUctoiU ut t})eif Slnccstin anil Ancestral Ji^onor, 



More than two years have now elapsed, since the writing of this work 
was commenced by the Author. That the matter which he then began to 
collect would ever, or at least in so short a time, be submitted to the press, 
was a thing unthought of. As no opportunity was passed by for adding to 
the stock, which soon became gradually to increase, he had accumulated 
at the end of this time such a store of historic and genealogical inform- 
ation, that it was deemed advisable by many to whom the manuscripts were 
shown, that they should be put into a more durable form in print. With 
their request he was induced to comply, and although conscious of its many 
imperfections, he now submits it to them in their desired form, and also to 
those for whom it was more especially designed, the iniiabitants of the 
town, and to professed antiquaries elsewhere, it is now given emanating 
from himself alone, and entitled to what consideration each may be per- 
suaded to confer upon it. 

The work has been one of much care and research. To the Author it 
has been one of amusement, though oftentimes subjecting him to considera- 
ble labor and toil ; yet it has been more than recompensed, when with 
feelings of pleasure he has traced the nearly obliterated and illegible records 
of the past, and discovered in the language of their writings the spiritual 
character and heroic nature of the actors, in tlieir struggles for religious 
freedom and civil independence. 

Where is the land that can look back to a race of founders vvuviliy of a 
higher and truer distinction, than can the people of New England 1 and 
where should there be their existing influence, mightier and more effectual, 
than among the descendants of that Pilgrim band, in whose midst were the 
abodes of a Brewster, a Standish, and an Alden? May they cherish that 
natural character of their inheritance, may they preserve it in its original 
purity, guard it with the watchfulness of their christian fathers, make their 
lives, as theirs, an example, and their end a monument of worldly excel- 
len_pe, worthy to be cherished. 

In regard to the arrangement of the work it seems scarcely necessary to 
say a word. The matter embraced on the first eighty-eight pages seemed 
to be better placed by itself, distinct from the General History, than em- 
bodied in the latter. The Ecclesiastical Historv has been arranged in a 


chronological order, and biographical sketches of the pastors introduced. 
Of the Genealogical Registers, which have been prepared with considerable 
care, more will be said hereafter. 

My acknowledgments are due to many, who have cheered me by their 
countenance, and aflbrded me aid in the compilation of the work, as well as 
to those whose advice and counsel in matters relative to its publication have 
been of much and valuable service. To Messrs. Samuel G. Drake and 
James S. Loring I have to express my indebtedness. 

To the Rev. Benjamin Kent, the present Librarian of the Roxbury 
Athenaeum, I feel under great obligations for the loan of his MS. Notes on 
Duxbury, made during his ministry in the town, as also for the use of his 
volume of original MS. Collections. 

To Messrs. Charles Ew^er, William H. Montague and others, who 
have aided me in different portions of the work, and encouraged me in the 
undertaking, I return my thanks ; and especially to the Rev. Joseph B. 
Felt, the courteous Librarian of the Massachusetts Historical Society, and 
to Dr. Nathaniel B. Shurtleff, the accurate genealogist of the Old 
Colony. To many of the aged inhabitants of the town, to whose tales 1 
have listened with interest, and whose words I have taken from their lips, 
I must express my indebtedness. In regard to others whose assistance I 
have received, my acknowledgments will be recorded in their proper places. 

Where such a multitude of dates, and variety of matter is recorded, it 
would seem almost impossible that some mistakes should not occur, though 
it has been a special care, that everything erroneous in its nature, arising 
from carelessness or a mistake in facts should be excluded from the work. 
Traditional authority has been received for what it is worth, and in no 
case is credence allowed it, except it is corroborated and substantiated by 
unquestionable proof. , 

J. W. 

Boston, October, 184'J. 



Settlement ........ 9 

Incorporation . . . . , . . h 

Name . . . . . , . .11 

Bounds ........ 13 

Paths, Highways and Bridges . . . , .17 

Surveyors of Highways ..... 21 

Ancient Landmarks . . . . . .23 

Town's Commons ...... 35 

Mills, Dams, etc. , . . . . . .43 

Bounties, P'ines, etc. ...... 45 

Ordinaries . . . . . . . .46 

First Settlers . . . . ^ . . . 48 

Schools and Education . . . . . .71 

Indians ........ 74 

Town Officers . . . . . . .77 

" Representatives ...... 77 

" Selectmen . , . . . . ■ . 79 

•' Constables ... . . 81 

" Treasurers . . . . . . .82 

" Clerks ....... 82 

" Records . . . . . . .82 

Miscellaneous ....... 83 

General History (Civil and Military) . . . .89 

Philip's War ...... 103 

Charter of 1691 ...... 112 

Stamp Act . . . . . . .118 

Revolution ....... 123 



Biographies of Revolutionauy Men . . . 147 

War of 1812 ....... ICl 

History of the Church ..... 171 

Formation ....... 171 

Rev. Ralph Partridge ..... 171 

Rev. John Holmes ...... 178 

Rev. Ichabod Wiswall ..... 180 

Rev. John Robinson ...... 184 

Rev. Samuel Yeazie ..... 191 

Rev. Charles Turner ...... 202 

Rev. Zedekiah Sanger ..... 205 

Rev. John Allyn ...... 207 

Rev. Benjamin Kent . - . . . . 210 

Rev. Josiah INIoore ...... 210 

Genealogical Registers ..... 213 

Appendix I. . . . . . . . . 348 

" n. 348 

HI. . . . . . .349 

Index ........ 353 





The town was first settled about the year 1632, by the 
people of Piymoinh. Twelve years had elapsed since the 
first settlement of New Plymouth, and their numbers had 
greatly increased by emigration from the mother land, and 
larger allotments were called for by the inhabitants, so that by 
degrees the circle of the bay was occupied. We find this early 
record of the settlement, under the date 1632; — 

'• This year the people of [Plymouth] begin to grow in their 
outward estates, by the flowing of many People into the coun- 
try, especially into the M. C : [Mass. Colony.] By which 
means Cattle and Corn rise to a great price, Goods grow plen- 
tiful, 'and many are enriched. And now their Stock increas- 
ing, the Increase vendible : there is no longer holding them 
together. They must go to their great Lots : they can no 
otherwise keep their cattle ; and having Oxen grown, they 
must have more land for Plowing and Tillage. By this 
means they scatter round the Bay [of Plymouth] quickly, and 
the Town wherein they lived till now compactly, is soon left 
very thin, and in a short time almost desolate. The Church 
also comes to be divided, and those who have lived so long 
together in Christian and Comfortable Fellowship must now 

That before this period in 1630 or 1631, there were some 

settlers in Duxbury is most probable; but they returned to 

Plymouth in the winter to insure their bettfer attendance at 

Public Worship, as well as on account of their exposed situa- 



tion, whicli ould be liable to the attacks of the Indians at 
that remote distance from immediate relief. Their cottages 
here, too, being probably of hasty construction for the sum- 
mer, they wished to resign for their more substantial abodes 
at Plymonth. Alden. Standish, Brewster and Prence, and 
also Collier, Delano, and some others, were the earliest set- 
tlers, and they could not be spared from the Town, unless 
under a promise of return at winter. We find the following 
in the Colony records : — 

" An° 1632 ) The names of those which promise to remove 
Aprell 2 S their fam[ilies] to live in the towne in the 
winter time, that they m[ayj the better repair to the worship 
of God, John Alden, 

Capt. Standish, 
Jonathan Brewstek, 
Thomas Pkence."' 
The year previous to the incorporation of Duxbury, the 
question was agitated about uniting the two Churches of Ply- 
mouth and Duxbury at some convenient place between the 
two settlements ; and there to build a town, for the purpose of 
uniting for prompt protection in time of danger. And at a 
Colony Court held at Plymouth, March 2, 1635-6, persons 
were appointed '"to confer on reuniting with them of Dux- 
burrow at Jones River or such place as shall be most conve- 
nient." And again there was a meeting of the Court on the 
21st of March, and " At this meeting, after much conference 
about the neerer uniting of Plymouth and those on Duxbur- 
rough side, divers were apointed to view Jones his river and 
Morton's hole, w^h were thought the fittest \>\kc^ & to render 
a reason for their judgement. The pties for Duxburrow side 
were Mr. William Collier. Stephen Tracy. jMr. Joh Rowland, 
11dm Chandler, Joshua Pratt ; for the other side Capt. Myles 
iStandish, Manasseh l\emj)ton, George Kenrick, John Jenney, 
& Edward Bangs; All these but Edward I?angs went and 
conferred together, and on liie 2Ist of s^ moneth of March 
brought in their opinions and rendered their reasons for the 
same, w*^'' are many and still extant ; seaven of the said nine 
holding Jones River* to be the fittest place for the tniiting of 
both pts unto a neerer society & there to build a meetinghouse 
and towne. And the two preferred the other, w^'' is jMorton's 
Holef before Jones River. 

* This repion, for many years a part of Plymouth aiui Duxbury, seems 
first to have been made a district about Ifill, wlieii separate surveyors of 
roads were appointed. Many years after, the portion belonging to Ply- 
mouth was iii(:ori)orated under the name of Kingston. 

t Morlon'.s Hole is the name given to a round and deep hole on the flats, 
to the west of (Japlain's Hill, and the vicinity thereabout was without doubt 
the situation here intended. 



"Afterwards the Govr. & Council siimoned sd psons depu- 
ted as before had done, & read their reasons of their jndgem^ 
And after long debating of the thing it was at length referred 
to the two churches on each side as churches to agree upon 
and end the same." — Old Col. Rec. Ct. orders. 1. 90. 

What conclusion the churches came to, we know not, as 
nothing more concerning it appears on the records, and the 
matter was probably dropped. 


On the Colony Records we find the following relative to the 

" June 7, 1637. It is enacted by the Court that Ducksbor- 
row shall become a towneship and unite together for their 
better securitie and to have the pi'veledges of a towne, onely 
their bounds & limmits shalbe sett and appoynted by the next 

This date is old style ; and here again I must repeat the 
fact, so often announced by historians, that style is old and 
new. In 1.5S2, Pope Gregory corrected the calendar, and this 
correction was not adopted by the English Parliament until 
1751, when the 3d of September, 1752, was ordered to be call- 
ed the 14th, thus dropping eleven days, for the purpose of 
bringing the vernal equinox on the 21st of March ; and the 
year was to begin on the 1st of January, instead of March 25th. 
Hence arose the practice of double dating between January 1st 
and March 25th, before 1752 ; thus March 2d, 1635-6, would 
be 1635 O. S., but 1636 N. S. In these pages the latter, or 
N. S. date, for the year is generally given ; but the O. S. for 
the day. 

N A ]M E . 

It received the name of Dnxbury out of respect to Captain 
Standish, from Duxbury Hall, the seat of the Standish family 
in England. Even as early as 1306. it appears from English 
works on Pedigree, that there was living at Duxbury, in Lan- 
cashire, Hugh Standish, (the son of Ralph, the son of Thurs- 
ton de Standish, who was living 1222), and in 1677, Sir Rich- 
ard Standish, the great grandson of Hugh, occupied the same 

12 NAME. 

domain in England, which was held in 1S12 by Sir Frank 
Standish of Diixbury Park. 

This undoubtedly is the origin of the name of the New Eng- 
land town, and not, as the author of the Notes on Duxbury 
(Mass. Hist. Coll. II.) derives it, viz. — " The probable ety- 
mology is Dux [the Latin for Leader] and borough or burrow, 
as it was then written. It being a grant to the Captain or 
leader, it was called his borough." * 

The name is variously spelled among ancient writers. The 
spelling of the records is Duxborough and Duxburrow, and 
sometimes Ducksburrow. Johnson, in his '• Wonder-working 
Providence,"' calls it "Dukes Berry,"' and says of it, that it is 
in the " Plimouth government, scituated upon the sea-coast." 
Captain Underbill, in his history of the Pequot war, calls it 
" Dukesbury,"' and says of it and "Cap Cod" and "New 

* A'arious names have been given at different times to the several por- 
tions and villages, which are included within the bounds of Duxbury. 
Ashdod is the name given to a small village in the north-west part of the 
town. A portion of the south-east is called Weechertown, and sometimes 
Loringtown. The name Weechertown is said to have been derived from 
Abijah Spragne, who built a small hut here, and called it his "weecher," 
the Indian for wigwam. A village in the upper part is called Tarkiln, or 
Chandlertown, and forms a school district. Here, at the junction of the 
road from Plymouth to Boston with the road from Duxbury, w'as the " Tree 
of Knowledge," so called ; and a box nailed to this was the depository for 
the Duxbury letters, many years ago, when a regular conveyance was es- 
tablished between Plymoutb and Boston. Here the towns-people repaired 
to obtain tlieir letters and papers, or some one was despatched to get them 
and distribute them. The mail was afterwards conveyed here to meet the 
Plymouth stage for Boston. And brjfore the establisbment of a direct mail 
between Duxbury and Boston, the Duxbury mail was carried to Kingston, 
and there met the Plymouth. A guide-board is now standing on the place 
where the tree stood, bearing a representation of it. Tinkertown is another 
village in the upper part of the town. Tbe portion of the main street of 
the town, to the south of the Methodist churches, is generally styled " the 
Village," and sometimes " Sodom." The occasion of the Litter name is 
said to have been as follows : — On one of the roads leading from the inland 
towns, was situated the house of Dr. John Wadsworth, who was noted as 
rather an eccentric individual, and concerning whom some anecdotes of an 
amusing nature are still current. By his door fre(iucntly passed the adven- 
turesome sons of farmers of the interior, eager to ship themselves on board 
some of the comparatively many fishing vessels, which were then often 
leaving Duxbury at the proper season. At one time a party of these going 
by, asked the Doctor the distance to " the village," and other questions 
concerning the prospects before them, who met them with the reply, " Ah, 
you are going there ; are you 1 That place is Sodom. I tell you it is 
poinir to be sunk ; it is ! Well now do you want me to make you a rhyme ? 
Well then— 

The Swampineers avoid all fears, 

A fishinij they will i;o, 
If they 'scape h — 11, it will be wrli, 

But that they will n't, l know." 

And with this mcst solemn warning he dismissed them. 


Plirnouth," that they are " well accommodated for the receiv- 
ing of people, and yet few are there planted, considering the 
spaciousness of the place." 

Indian Name. The Indian name was Mattakeeset; but 
the north-western part (now Pembroke,) was called generally 
Namasakeeset or Namasakiset. 


1640. The bounds between Duxbury and Plymouth are 
"from a little brooke, running from Stephen Tracy's, to an- 
other little brooke, falling into Blackwater from the commons 
left to Duxburrow and the neighborhood thereabouts." The 
bounds of the Town were fixed at a Court, held March 1, 
1640-1. Ordered, •' that the bounds of Duxburrow Towne- 
ship, shall begin where Plymouth bounds do end, namely at 
the brooke falling into Blackwater [ut supra] and so along 
Mattachusetts payth to the North River. The said payth to 
be the westerne bounds thereof; excepting and reserving all 
those lands granted vi^^m the said limmits to pticuler psons in 
Plymouth, Greens Harbour and Scituate, whose cattell may 
likewise depasture upon the said comons w'^'' them." '^ 

Between Duxbury and Green's harbor these bounds were 
fixed ; — "It is concluded and agreed betwixt Captain Miles 
Standish, Mr. John Alden, Jonathan Brewster & William 
Basset, and Mr. Edward Winslow the xxviiith day of Decem- 
ber, 1640, that from a great rock that is flatt on the topp, call- 
ed parting rock, shalbe the p''sent bounds betweene Greens 
harbour and Duxburrow and shall range from thence norwest 
to the South river, & on the contrary South East w^^ payth 
between Scituate and Duxburrow, and from thence the payth 
to divide them to the bridge over Greens harbour fresh." 
Soon after the town was ordered to appoint men to define the 
bounds with Marshfield.f 

* The bounds of Duxbury originally included what is now •within the 
limits of Duxbury, Marshfield, Pembroke, Hanson, and the Bridgewaters. 
Marshfield was bounded off in 1640 ; Pembroke incorporated in 1711-12 ; 
Hanson set off from Pembroke in 1820 ; and Bridgewater (now four towns) 
was incorporated in 1656, having been granted to the inhabitants in 1645. 
For the grantees of Bridgewater, see Appendix I. The " Major's Pur- 
chase," an earlier grant to the town, was the great cedar swamp in Hanson. 

f Marshfield was incorporated March 2d, 1640, though its bounds were 
not fixed until 1642. It was first called Rexham and Green Harbor, and 
afterwards, from the characteristic nature of its surface, Marshfield. Its 


1658. Namasakecset was ordered to belong to Uiixbiiry 
about this year. 

1665. Robinson's Creek was ordered to be the bounds be- 
tween Duxbury's land and Scituate. 

1674. A difficulty, which for some time had existed be- 
tween Duxbury and Major Winslow of INlarshfield, in relation 
to the division of a piece of marsh between the towns, was 
this year settled. Marshfield sent an order for the final settle- 
ment of it to Duxbury, bearina; date IMay 21, 1671. There- 
upon the town appointed Mr. John Alden, Mr. Samuel Sea- 
bury, Wm. Pabodie, John Tracy, and John Sonic, ''or any 
three of them to treat with the said Winslow, and make a full 
issue and settlement of said controversy."' They accordingly 
met, with the exception of Mr. Alden, on 16th June, 1674, 
and "after some agitation and treaty," concluded thus; — 
From the Easterly side of Careswell Creek to another creek, 
and along its banks to its mouth, where it flows into the Ma- 
jor's River ; and then crossing the river pursues the bank of 
an opposite creek, which flows a little north of Little wood 
Island, and thence across to Gotiim River, and along its banks 
to a creek on the Easterly side, and from its mouth across to 
Cut River. Duxbury was to make over to Marshfield a mea- 
dow at Cut River, near its mouth, and, say the Records, 
"this instrument being brought to publique record shalbe a 
finall and perpetuall isshue of the abovesaid controversy.'' 

" June, 1678. This Court have settled the easterly bounds 
of y^ townc of Duxburrow to be y^ sea near Green harbour, 

Indian name was INIissaucatiicket. In lfi39, the Court frrantetl unto j\h'. 
Winslow and the others of Green harbor " a com])etent peon of uplands 
and medowe betwixt the rivers [Green harbor and South] for a farme for a 
minister, and one other competent porcon of land, nere unto the said lot lor 
the minister, either for Nehemiah Smyth or some other as the saiii inhabit- 
ants shall place in." Mr. Richard Bhnman, who arrived from Wales in 
1012, was the first minister, and who soon after went to Gloucester, to 
New London in 1G48, to New Haven in 1()58, to Newfoundland in 1650, 
and then to Ensland, and died in the ministry at Bristol in a oood old ape. 
Rev. Edward Bulkley was pastor from 1()42 to 1658, when he removed to 
(Concord, and succeeded his father Rev. Peter in 1659 (who was son of 
Rev. Kdward, U. D., of England), and died at Chelmsford 2d January, 
10!)6, and was buried at Concord. His son John died at Marshfield in l(i58. 
Tiie town [jurchascd his house for a parsonage, which was occupied by iiis 
successor, Rfv Sa/nud Arnold, who was settled near the close of 1051), and 
who received .£'10 salary per annum. The town agreed with IJenjamin 
Church to build a new parsonage in 1667. There were no Church records 
kept during his ministry. He died Sept. 1, 1693, leaving a lil)rary valued 
at jC7 lO.s., and bequeathing to Rowland Cotton " his great Laten Book 
called Augustine Marloret, being an exposition of the New Testament." 
It is said he was a carpenter by trade. His son Samuel received his divin- 
ity books. The town records of M. are extant; but the early volumes arc 
in a fragmentary state. — Miss M. A. Thomas's Commtniicalion ; Drnnr's 
Sritun/e ; Formrr's Rp^istpr ; Col. Rrrords and Prnlm/e do. 


where y^ line cutts betweene Marshfield and Uuxburrow to 
ye Gurrnett's Nose, excepting y^ Gurnett, Clarks Hand, and 
Saqaaquash, \vh are not to be within y^ jurisdition of Duxbo- 
rough ; saveing also every man's property and right to him, 
yt is now in possession of any lands or Meadowes within 
these bounds, whether by grant or purchase, without disturb- 
ance as touching property by vertue of this grant, yet to be 
within ye jurisdition oil Duxborough townshipp." 

1684. Marshfield and Duxburij. From a rock near Cle- 
ment King's house, northwest to North River, ranging near 
Samuel Hach's house : and again from said rock southeast to 
a cartway between Samuel and Seth Arnold's, thence to 
Green's harbour path, thence to Edw. Bump's at Duck hill, 
including his land within Marshfield. 

Signed Feb. 23, 1684. 
William Pabodie, ^ „ ^ , Nathl. Thomas, ) ^ ., , ^ , , 

_ ,„ ' > for Duxbury. ,^ e< .' 'o'' Marshfield. 

John 1 racy, \ Saml. Sprague. ^ 

This from the Colony Records : A confirmation of previous 
grants : 1685 : 

'• Hinckley, Gov""- 
Duxbury Bounds. 

At the Generall Court held at Plimouth the twelfth day of 
Jun, Ano Domini 1685. 

Whereas, William Bradford, Escf- & his asociats in the 
yeare 1637, did grant unto Capt. Miles Standish & others the 
inhabitants & proprietors of the lands within the townshipe of 
Dnxborrough, from and after the said yeare, so called, besides 
the farmes formerly granted to them, a certaine Tract of land 
for the settleing A plantation & making of a Townshipp. 
[Here follows a recapitulation of the several bounds mentioned 
above.] This p^sent Court doth hereby declare it so to bee, 
and doe hereby Ratifye, Establish & confirme all former 
grants of land made by the said William Bradford & his aso- 
ciats to particular pi'sons there, before the said place became a 
Townshipp, &all other the Lands .within the said Townshipp, 
to the respective owners thereof, wheather Inhabitants or oth- 
erwise. According to the true intents & meaning of the said 
grants. [Here follows a confirmation of a grant made in 
1660, viz., of one half of a tract of land, bounded southerly by 
Plymouth line, and westerly by Jones River Pond and Indian 
head River ; the other half being granted to Marshfield.] To 
have & to hold the said Lands & meadows or marishes to the 
said town in Generall, & owners & propriettors in perticular, 
whether Inhabitants or not of the said town, & to their sue- 
cessours, heires & assignees for ever to bee holden of our 
Sover" Lord, the King, as of his mannor & tenure of East 


Greenwich in tlie county of Kentt, «fcc. They the grantees 

yeilding &payeing to our Soveraign Lord, the King, his heires 

& successors tV. to ^he president of tlie honorable couiicill, such 

part of the Gold and sillver oar as p"" our Charter is expressed. 

C The Scale ) In Testimony whereof this Court have or- 

< of the [> dered the publickc scale of this colony to be 

I Country. 3 afixed to these pfsents." 

16S6. Duxbnnj and Scifiiaie. This year there was a con- 
troversy between these towns about the division of a tract of 
land. June 24th, Francis IJarker was empowered to treat 
with Scituate, and defend the rights of the town. John Wads- 
worth and Edw. Southworth petitioned against it. 

1714. The following more particular bounds between 
Duxbio-y and Plymouth, are from the Town Records. 

Beginning at the beach on the northerly end of the highland 
at the Gurnet, on the easterly side, and running due west to a 
rock at the north end of Clarks Island, thence to Clarks Island 
Channel, which comes from Powder point, and down that to 
Jones River Channel, thence np this channel and Jones River 
to Stoney Brook, up said brook, and thence up Tussock's 
creek to the head of the western branch, thence northerly 
across Mile brook, and thence westerly to the mouth of Jones 
River Pond. 

Signed April 30, 1714. 
John Bradford, ) John Wadsworth, ) 

James Warren, J.^ith: -^ohn Alden, 'tSy"."' 

JVathl. Thomas, ) Thomas Loring, 3 

173.J. Voted, That the line between Kingston and Dux- 
bury remain the same, as it was between Plymouth and Dux- 
bury. Kingston, which had been previously known as Jones 
River Parish, was set off from Plymouth and incorporated in 
1726, although no mention of the line between it and Dux- 
bury appears before the above date. 

17;") 1. 'J'lic line between Duxbury and Pembroke, estab- 
lished. Pembroke was set off from Duxbury in 1711-2; yet 
I find in the Records no mention of a line earlier than this. 

P P U L A T I O N . 

\V[-: have no satisfactory means of ascertaining the popula- 
tion of the town at early periods. In 1543, however, there 
are eighty-two persons mentioned as able to bear arms, being 
between the ages of 10 and 60, and allowing that they were 


one in five, which is a fair estimate, we should judge the popu- 
lation at that time to have been over 400. We might also 
conclude that the town was less populous than many others 
of the colony, from the fact that her quota of the various 
bodies of men raised by the colony was uniformly lower. In 
1646 there were 27 freemen ; in 1670, 34 ; in 1683-4, 40. In 
]710; there were 175 heads of families, and allowing that they 
were one in six or seven, we estimate the number at that time 
at about 1100. In 1790, it was 1454 ; in 1800, 1664 ; in 1810, 
2201 ; in 1820, 2403 ; in 1830, 2716 ; and in 1840, 2798. 


1634, Oct. 1. The Colony Court appointed Capt. Standish, 
William Collier, Jonathan Brewster, William Palmer, and 
Stephen Tracy to lay out highways in Duxburrow, before 
Nov. 15 of the same year. 

1637. A Jury of 12 (four from Duxbury, viz.. Love Brew- 
ster, Experience Mitchell, Philip Delanoy, Moses Simmons,) 
were impanneled, " to set forth heigh wayes about Plymouth, 
Ducksburrow and the Eele River." 

The road through Duxbury began at the ferry at Jones 
River, and thence by Slephen Tracy^s to the bridge at John 
Rogers\ thence by Jonathan Breicster's cowyard, through a 
valley near the house of Mr. Prence, thence by Christopher 
Wadstvorth^ s " whose pallasadoe is to be removned," thence 
to Francis ^Prague's, and then fell into the way, that leads 
" from Morton's hole to Ducksburrow Towne." 

From this main path there branched off one, going to the 
Nook to accommodate Standish and Brewster, and returning 
by William Basset's and Francis Sprague^s, through an an- 
cient path, joined again the highway.* 

There was also a path from the "Cut," passing between 
Bassefs and Spragne^s to the town. 

From Wadsicorth's, the path led through Sprague's and 
Bassefs orchards, thence through John Washburti's land to 
Win. Palmer^ s gate, thence through Peter Brown's land to 
the westward of Henry Rowland's house, thence through a 
marsh to Mr. John Allen's, thence through a valley by the 
corner of Philip Delanoy's farm to Edioard Bumpasse^s, and 
thence by Rowland Leyhorne's house to Greens harbor. 

* This was, however, io 1638, made over to these parties, to be kept in 
repair by them as a private way. 


From Howlancfs an upper path was laid out. Note. From 
the above record the position of the first settlers' habitations 
can be readily ascertained. 

1638. Ordered that the bridge over Jones River be made 
passable for carts. 

Court ordered John Washburn and Joseph Rogers to repair 
the highways. 

1639. Ordered that six from Plymouth and three from 
Duxbiiry be appointed to assess the charges of both towns for 
Jones River bridge. 

1644. John Rogers and Joseph Rogers were appointed to 
lay out roads. 

1647. The treasurer (Standish) was ordered to have Jones 
River bridge repaired. 1650, this bridge was presented as 
being dangerous for man and beast. 1655, John Rowland 
and Constant Southworth were ordered to agree with work- 
men to mend the same. 1665, a new bridge was ordered over 
Jones River. 

1650. A way from Jones River through John Rogers' farm 
to tlie Massachusetts path was laid out. 

1665. A highway, 40 feet wide, laid out through John 
Holmes' " to the common rode into the bay." 

1665. These were "impaneled upon a jury for the laying 
forth of a footway through the lands of Moses Simons and 
Samuell Chanler," — 

George Soule, Sen., - William , 

Philip Delano, Sen., Roger Glass, 

Experience Mitchell, Joseph Prior, 

Edmund Weston, Samuel Himt, 

Francis West, John Sprague. 
Abraham Sampson, 

1682. North River Bridge. A cart bridge was ordered to 
be built over the North River, near Barstow's foot bridge, by 
Scituate, Marshfield and Duxbury ; and Duxbury was then 
freed from any longer repairing Jones River bridge. The 
cost was for Scituate £10, for Marshfield and Duxbury £5 
each ; but Mannamoiett was to bear 20s. of Duxbury's part. 

1684, Oct. 24. Tliese were a jury to lay out " the rode 
from Marshfield bounds to Plimoth Rode," and a " hiway 
from Jones River bridge to North River bridge." 

Edw. Southworth, Abraham Sampson, Jr., 

Isaac Barker, John Russell, 

Francis Barker, Caleb Sampson, 

Lt. Hunt, Benj. Bartlett, Jr., 

Elnathan Weston, Josiah Holmes. 
John Sprague, 


1702, Nov. 30. There were appointed to lay out public 
roads, — Seth Arnold, Francis Barker and Samuel Bradford. 

1715. Road from the Nook was laid out, 30 feet wide. 
Mar. 26th ; and one from the point, 40 feet wide. May 21st. 

1722. Road laid 'out, 30 feet wide, from Asa Delano's, by 
the Cranberry factory, to the meeting house. 

1741. A highway was laid out over South River, at the 
Saw-mill dam. 

1766, March 31st. A road, laid out from the Captain's 
Nook to the Plymouth Road, was accepted by the Town. 

Sept. 22. Voted, to lay out a road from the Plymouth Road 
to Powder point. 

1768. Road across the Major^s pasture. — May 14, Major 
Alden may have liberty to place a gate at the highway gomg 
into Powder point, if he will allow a cartway into Powder 
point across his farm. [Two or three years since, this road 
was accepted by the town, and has become a public highway.] 

1798. Waslmigton Street, now so called, is the main tho- 
roughfare of the town, and was this year projected, extending 
from Powder point to the head of the road, coming from the 
Nook. The first projectors of this road for a long time were 
its only advocates. They were Seth Sprague, Ezra Weston, 
Joshua Winsor, and Samuel Delano, and among the number 
of the most influential citizens of the town. They at their 
own expense employed an attorney to plead their cause before 
the Court of Sessions, where he was met by another attorney, 
who acted in behalf of the town. Their project was never- 
theless sanctioned by the Court, and the road was accordingly 
laid out. and completed in the course of two years. — Soule's 
Sprague Family Memorial. 

1803. Blue-fish River bridge. In order to fully accom- 
plish the design of the last mentioned road, it was necessary 
that a bridge should be built over the Bluefish River ; and this 
Avas opposed with equal exertions on the part of most of the 
inhabitants, who argued that, as the river was navigable, the 
Court had no power to order an erection of a bridge over it. 
At various meetings, from 1800 to 1803, this question was 
agitated with much animated discussion, and opposed;chiefly 
on account of its great cost (.^3000 at least). To meet this 
objection a scheme was formed by the projectors, who agreed, 
privately, to build the bridge and dam conjointly, according 
to a prepared model. They then petitioned for a town meet- 
ing, which was accordingly convened on the second Monday 
in February, 1803; when, as they expected, the arguments of 
opposition turned upon the enormous expense. At this junc- 
ture, Mr. Sprague moved that the town agree to build the 
bridge, after the model there exhibited, provided any respon- 
sible man would undertake the work for $1500, which motion 


was carried without any opposition. Thereupon one of them, 
Joshua Winsor, arose and accepted the offer of the town, 
rather to its surprise. 

On the following day preparations were commenced for the 
immediate erection of the bridge, by the contractor and his 
associates. Yet sonic of the opposition threatened to call 
another meeting to reconsider their vote; but the work pro- 
ceeded so rapidly, that before this threat could be executed, it 
was quite too late to think of retracting. 

The work, which was begun in April, was finished on the 
3d of July following, to the satisfaction of the Committee of 
the town (Samuel A. Frazar, Ezra Weston and Isaiah Alden), 
who had been appointed to oversee and inspect the work of 

The next day, being the Fourth of July, was one of uncom- 
mon interest to the inhabitants of Duxbury. The bridge was 
in some measure decorated, and a temporary arch erected over 
it, on which was perched a broad spread eagle of wood, bore 
this motto — from Jefferson's inaugural address — "Peace, 
Friendship, and Commerce with all Nations; entangling Alli- 
ances with none." And on the reverse, ''Commerce, Agricul- 
ture, Fishery." The two military companies of the town, 
under Captains Dingley and Alden, paraded, and after escort- 
ing a large party of ladies and gentlemen to the bridge, they 
formed in a line on each side, while the procession passed 
between, and then proceeding a short distance they turned, 
and recrossing the bridge marched to the hill on the southerly 
side of the River, where the projectors had prepared a boun- 
tiful entertainment. Mr. Sprague presided at the tables, 
and in the devoration of the sumptuous viands before them, 
many of the opposition received a check to their feelings of 
animosity, (if they had any,) and amid the scenes of mirth 
and rejoicings, many were the thanks expressed for the final 
completion of that much opposed, yet ably vindicated scheme. 
The day was remarkably pleasant, and everything tliat 
transpired seemed to pass olf in happiness, and it is still re- 
membered by the aged yet amongst us, as one of peculiar 
gratification and enjoyment. 

The contractors were losers to some extent by their under- 
taking; but the ultimate cost of the work to the town was 
only $400, the mill privilege, created by the dam, having been 
disposed of for ."^llOO*. — Sprague Memorial. 

There is an amusing account of some of the incidents con- 

• This was bourrht by Jedediah Holmes, of Kingston, who sold it to 
Samuel A. Frazar, Ileiiben Drew, Dea. George Loring and others, and the 
mill was soon afterwards built. It next passed into Mr, Edward Winslow's 


nected with the erection of this bridge, which has once before 
been in print, yet still will bear it again. The authorship has 
been attributed by some to Dr. Rufus Hathaway, and by 
others to Major Judah Alden. One short paragraph is omit- 
ted, as it seems " to mar the unity of the subject by irrelevant 

"And it came to pass in the days of Coesar, the Kmg, that 
he commanded his servant Joshua, saying, get thee up a jour- 
ney into the land of the Hanoverites, to Benjamin, tlie Scribe, 
and say unto him, I, Caesar, the King, have sent forth my de- 
cree, and commanded that the people in the land of Sodom 
shall no longer be separated from the Westonites, the Drew- 
ites. and the Cushmanites, that dwell on the north side of the 
great river Blue-fish. And also command Benjamin, the 
Scribe, that he forthwith make out a petition and convey it to 
the judges and magistrates of our land, commanding that they 
straightway direct the Sodomites, the Westonites, and all the 
other Ites. within our borders, to build a bridge over the great 
river Blue-fish. So the Judges and Magistrates, fearing 
Cgesar, the King, *and Joshua, his servant, commanded that 
the bridge be built according to Caesar's decree. But it came 
to pass that there arose up certain of the tribes of Judah and 
Levi and of Samuel, and of the Chandlerites, and others most 
learned in the law, and showed unto the Judges and Magis- 
trates, that Caesar, the King, had done wickedly, in command- 
ing what was unlawful to be done, and so by the voice of the 
multitude the decree was set aside. And it came to pass that 
Caesar and the Sodomites wrought the minds of the people, and 
cast such delusions before their eyes, that they had fear before 
Caesar, the King, and at length resolved to build the bridge, 
and connect Caesar's dominions to the land of Sodom. And 
now behold Caesar, the King, has erected an arch fifty cubits 
high, on that bridge, which the people, in their folly, have 
built, — and set up an image over on the top of the arch, and 
commanded all the people from the land of Sodom on the 
south, the Westonites and all the other tribes in the north to 
assemble on the fourth day of the seventh month, and bow 
their heads to the image which the King has set up. And 
behold the people assembled according to the King's decree, 
and did as he had commanded." 


There appear to have been none appointed before 1640, 
when the bounds of Duxbury were first lixed. 

1640. Experience Mitchell, Constant Southworth. 

1641. Joseph Bidle, Samuel Nash. 


1612. Edmund Hawes. 

1644. John Rogers, William Sherman. 
164.5. John Maynard, Edmund Hunt. 
164(). William Merrick, Moses (/) Truant. 
1647. Edward Hall, John Brown. 

1645. Francis ^Sprague, Abraham Sampson. 
1649. John Starr, John Washburn. 

165U. John Starr, John Washburn. 
16.51. Thomas (iannet, John Aimes. 
1652. Edmund Weston, Tliomas Boney. 

1654. Joseph Andrews, Robert Barker. 

1655. Tiiurston Clark, Zachariah Soule.- 

165(). Henry Howland, John Tracy, Thomas Ensign. 

1657. ]\Ioses Simmons, Francis Sprague. 

1658. Experience Mitchell, Francis West. 

1659. Jonathan Shaw, Wm. Clark. 

1662. Christopher Wadsworth, Moses Simmons. 

1663. Mr. Samuel Seabury, Samuel Hunt. 
1666. Joseph Wadsworth, Samuel Chandler. 

1668. George Partridge, Henry Howland. 

1669. John Rogers, Sen., Roger Glass. 

1671. John Wadsworth, Samuel West. 

1672. Robert liarker, John Soule, Joseph Howland. 

1673. John Hudson, Joseph Wadsworth, Josiah Wormall. 

1674. John Rogers, Jr., Peter West, Isaac Barker. 

1675. John Rogers, Sen., Joseph Wadsworth, Joseph Rogers. 

1676. John Rogers, Jr., Thomas Delano. 

1677. George Partridge, Peter West, Robt. Barker, Sen. 

1678. John Rogers, Abraham Sampson, William Tubbs. 

1679. Robt. Barker, Sen., John Tracy, AN'restling Brewster. 

1680. John Wadsworth, Peter West, John Hudson. 

1681. George Partridge, Joseph Wadsworth. Josiah Holmes. 

1682. John Rogers, Edmund Weston, Abraham Peirce. 
1685. John Simmons, Joseph Howland, William Tubbs. 
1687. W'restling Brewster, R. Barker, Jr., Elnathan Weston. 

1689. Joseph VV'adsworth, John Russell, John Sinmions. 

1690. James Partridge, James Bishop, John Tracy. 

1691. Philip 13elano, John Boney, James Partridge. 

1692. Elnathan Weston, John Russell. 

1694. Wrestling Brewster, Jolm Boney, John Soule. 

Note. Those for 104.3, 53, fiO, fil, 01, 05, 07, 70, 83, 84, 80, 88, and 
94, appear not to have been recorded. 



Allerton's Hill. An early mention is made of a hill of 
this name, which was probably called after Isaac AUerton, 
one of the fiist Pilgrims, thongh I cannot find him mentioned 
as a resident of Dnxbnry at any time. 

North Hill. This name was given to the eminence which 
now bears it, by the earliest settlers, in whose vicinity were 
settled some of the principal men of the town, and around 
which large grants were made. 

Captain's Hill. This hill formed a part of an early grant 
to Captain Standish, who settled near its base, and whose 
name it still bears. It is situated on a peninsnla, which ex- 
tends in a southeasterly direction, between the bays of Dux- 
bury and Plymouth, and contains about two or three hundred 
acres of good soil, little inferior to any in the country in fertil- 
ity. While in other portions of the town the soil is sandy and 
unproductive, and a considerable part in no state of cultiva- 
tion, tills peninsula is furnished with a deep and fertile soil. 
The same may be said of the highland on the Gurnet, Saquish 
and many other similar spots around the bay, where the soil 
is in immediate proximity to the sea. Clark's Island in some 
parts possesses a mould, which if equalled, is scarcely surpas- 
sed in the county ; and while the northern and western sides 
offer the most desirable qualities for pasturage and grain, its 
southern and eastern declivities present a perfect garden, 
abounding with trees, through whose foliage, even during the 
summer's hottest months, stir the breezes from the sea.* 

* This Island, called by Hutchinson " one of the best islands in Massa- 
chusetts bay," contains 86^ acres of land, and was anciently well covered 
with a fine growth of trees, (as were also the Gurnet and Saquish,) as ap- 
pears by various records, wherein are mentioned " the woods thereupon." 
Morton erroneously describes it as between the Gurnet and Saquish. Of 
its original forest of red cedar, only three decayed trunks now remain, and 
having borne the blasts of many a winter, still stand " silent monitors of 
the past." It is memorable as being the spot, where that devoted Pilgrim 
band first landed in their voyage of discovery from Cape Cod. Having 
come under the lee of the island during the night of Friday, December 9th, 
they landed on the following day, and here kept the Christian Sabbath, 
while " the dim woods rang to the anthems of the free." Ought not this 
to cause peculiar attractions hither ? Should not a descendant like to wit- 
ness the scene of his father's rejoicings — rejoicings, as it were, on the 
threshold of eternity ? Think of their situation ; — in an unknown harbor, 
separated from their wives and children, did this band of discoverers pro- 
long the strains of anthems and rejoicing chorus, till the woods reechoed 
their praises, and sent their thanksgiving to a propitious Heaven. 

It received its name from Clark, the mate of the Mayflower, who, it is 
said, " first stepped on shore thereon." 

In early times salt was made on the Island, and it was also reserved for 


The summit of the hill is about 400 yards from the sea, 
and 180 feet above its level, and when once attained presents 
a view to him who communes with nature, and who has pon- 
dered over the history of the early Pilgrims, is acquainted 
with their character, and has conceived the purpose of their 
exile, — to him it presents a spectacle which has in times past, 
and which, I conceive, must ever cause an impression on his 
mind, not easily forgotten and scarcely to be eradicated. Full 
as it is of the most pleasing associations, it calls up in the 
mind of the beholder those reminiscences, which gladden his 
heart and arouse his soul into being, and clothe him with all 
the nobler feelings of mankind, dormant as they n)ay lie with- 
in the deep recesses of liis heart. 

Nor is the loveliness of the scene itself any the less an effi- 
cient agent of holy influences, — both cause one to tremble, 
irresistibly, and to offer praise to his Maker. The circum- 
stances, to be sure, add to the attractions of the spot ; but its 
beauty, its simplicity of grandeur, its busy scenes, and its still 
silent loneliness give to it a power, whose effects need not be 

Select, should you visit it, the closing hours of a summer's 
day, when the burning heat of the declining sun is dispelled 
by the cooler shades of approaching evening, and ascend to its 
height. Now as the retiring rays of day form on the heavens 
above a gorgeous canopy of variegated hues, so on nature's 
face below, all brightens into richness, and the verdure of her 
covering softens into mildness ; — the shining villages around, 
and the village spires towering against a background of un- 
fading green, add gladness to the scene. The glassy surface 
of the bay within, with its gentle ripplings on the shore be- 
neath, — the music of the dashing waves on the beach with- 
out, give quiet to the mind and peace within. 

Before you, in the distance at the east, appear the white 

the poor of the town of Plymouth, who obtained their wood and pastured 
their caule there. It was early set apart for the pasliirape of sheep, whose 
increase the colonists much strove for, and as early as July 1, 1()33, it was 
ordered, that " no sheep be sold out of the colony, under penalty of forfcil- 
inp their due talue." 

During Philip's war it became an asylum for some of flie jirayinff Indians 
of the colony, and a protection ajjainst the attacks of llicir hosiile brothers. 
In 1075, the Council of War ordered, that the " Naniassachusett Indians 
be speedily removed to Clarkes Hand, and ther to remaineand not to depart 
from thence without lycence from authoritie upon paine of death." 

The island was sold in 1090 to Samuel Lucas, ICIkanah Watson, and 
Geo. Morton. A descendant of Watson now resides there. It is often a 
resort of parties of pleasure in the summer season from the neighborinjr 
towns, who find in the cool and shady retreats on its southeastern slope a 
place to make merry with dance and song, and an appetite to ease their 
tables of their delicious viands. 


sand hills of Cape Cod, shining beyond the blue expanse, and 
seeming to encircle by its protecting barrier a spot dear to the 
heart of every descendant of that Pilgrim band. Still nearer, 
at your feet and before you, are the pleasant bays of Plymouth, 
Kingston and Duxbury, enlivened by passing boats, and shel- 
tered from a raging ocean by the beach, crowned at its south- 
ern extremity by a light-house, and with the extending arm 
of Saquish enclosing the Island of the Pilgrims ; — turning 
your eyes to the south, they fall in succession on the promon- 
tory of Monamet ; on the ancient town of Plymouth, rising 
beneath, and as if under the protection of the mound beyond, 
the resting-place of the pilgrim's dead ; on the villages of 
Rocky Nook and of Kingston : — Extending your eye over the 
extent of forest to the northwest, you see the Blue Hills of 
Milton, ascending far above the surrounding country ; while 
nearer, at the north, are the villages of Duxbury and Marsh- 
field, scattered over the fields, whose white cottages, shining 
in the sun, offer a pleasing contrast to the scene. Below 
you and around you once arose the humble abodes of the 
Pilgrims. Who can gaze upon the spot which marks the site 
of the dwelling of Standish, without feelings of emotion 1 who 
can but give thanks that that spirit, 

" A spirit fit to start into an empire, 
And look the world to law," 

had been sent amongst them, to be their counsel in peace and 
their protection in danger] Who can but admire its ready 
adaptation to a sphere of action so totally different from the 
school of his youth ?- Here also arose the dwelling of Brews- 
ter, who having followed in his youth in the retinue of kings 
and princes, preferred a solitary retreat in the western wilds, 
and there to worship his God in peace. Here too was the 
abode of Collier, who under every circumstance of danger 
strove with unceasing toil in the discharge of every duty ne- 
cessary to the welfare and prosperity of the colony. Here too 
can be seen the spot whereon was the habitation of Alden, 
whose prudent counsels and whose rigid justice attained for 
him a rank in the estimation of the colony, alike an honor to 
liimself and a subject of pride to his descendants. 

Turn your vision as you may, and you will feel that you 
are gazing on a scene of more than ordinary interest, full of 
the most grateful recollections, and of a nature the most agree- 
able and pleasing. 

" Scenes must be beautiful, which, daily viewed, 
Please daily, and whose novelty survives 
Long knowledge and the scrutiny of years, — 
Praise justly due to those that I describe." 



Duck Hill, situated in the northeastern part of the town, 
was called so at a very early date. 

The Bay, comprising the harbors of Plymouth, Kingston, 
and Duxbury : It is well known that the pilgrims selected 
the shores of this bay as their settlement, because they found 
it commodious and '• fit for shipping." The writers of 
" Mourt's Relation '"' — which has been ascribed to Bradford 
and Winslow — thus speak of it in 1G22. " This harbour is 
a bay greater than Cape Cod, compassed with goodly lands, 
and in the bay two fine islands* uninhabited, wherein are 
nothing but woods, oaks, pine, walruit, beech, sassafras, vines 
and other trees, which we know not. This bay is a most 
hopeful place, innumerable store of fovvle, and excellent good ; 
and cannot but be fish in their season : Skate, Cod, turbot 
[i. e. flounder or halibut], and herring, we have tasted of; 
abundance of muscels, the greatest and best we ever saw ; 
crabs, lobsters in their time infinite. It is fashion like a sickle 
or fish-hook." 

This is a proof of the abundance of forest trees, in the im- 
mediate neighborhood of the bay, in early times; and even 
now the space between the shore and the woodland would 
not average over a mile in breadth. Of all trees the pine is 
in the greatest abundance, and chiefly of that species styled 
pimts rig-ida, or the pitch pine, as it is commonly called. It 
is stated by Bradford, in his •' Typographical Description of 
Duxbury," (Hist. Coll. n.) that (.'apt. Samuel Alden, the son 
of David, and the grandson of the Pilgrim John Alden, re- 
membered the time when the white pine {phius strobus) first 
began to grow in Duxbury. Capt. Alden died in 1780, at. 93, 
and consequently the date of its appearance must have been 
about 170U. The oak is also found in many places. Maple, 
birch, ash, cedar, and walnut also grow here. At the present 
day nearly one half of the territory of the town is covered 
with forest, and it is said that no town in the county in pro- 
portion to its size has larger tracts of woodland. The forests 

* That there were formerly two islands in this bay, there appears no 
doubt in my mind. Yet some say, that Brown's Island was always a shoal, 
as it now is ; and that Clark's Island and Saqnish must be the two islands 
intended, supposing, in the case of the latter, that the water once flowed 
between it and the Gurnet, or that the writers of this Relation were misled 
by the appearance of Saquish, which at this day has the semblance of an 
island from the main. But with all deference to these opinions, emanatintr 
from the most respectable sources, I cannot but think that Brown's Island 
was at that time above the water, since we have the fact, that stumps of 
trees iiave been seen there by persons now living. Mr. Nathaniel Winsor, 
who died in 1839, aged 93, often assured his children and others, that he 
himself had seen the stumps of trees on this shoal. See also Judge Davis' 
Morton's Memorial, Dr. Young's Chronicles of the Pilgrims, and Richard 
Soule's Sprague Memorial. 


in times past have afforded large quantities of timber for build- 
ing ships ; and a large number of which have been built on its 
shore ; and none have ever stood higher in point of workman- 
ship and finish than the Duxbury ships. The Duxbury me- 
chanics have long been distinguished in this art, and the spe- 
cimens of their skill have always met with approbation for 
their fine appearance in the exterior, as well as for their 
strength and durability. In years past large numbers of ships 
and barks, as well as of smaller vessels, have been built in 
Duxbury. In the single year 1837, there were built 11,711 
tons. Large numbers have also been owned in Duxbury, and 
some of the largest ship ov/ners in New England have resided 
here. The late Mr. Ezra Weston for many years was consid- 
ered the largest owner in the country, and his sons now living 
are extensively engaged in the same business. In the year 
above-mentioned there were owned ni Duxbury forty-six ves- 
sels engaged in the cod and mackerel fishery. — Appendix ni. 

The bay has been, from the earliest times, a resort of wild 
sea fowl of every kind, which has often drawn hither crowds 
of sportsmen. And as early as 1737, the town, through fear 
of the total destruction of the game, voted to petition the Gen- 
eral Court to regulate the fowling, "because y® wild fowle 
have almost forsaken y^ said bay." In the northern part 
there are several islands, formed by the various creeks flowing 
through the marshes in diflerent directions.* These marshes 
have always been a favorite place for gunners in search of the 
flocks of marsh birds, with which they abound ; though of 
late years their numbers have greatly decreased. Few now 
can boast of having secured seventy of a flock at one shot ; or 
that he has by his gun furnished materials for eight feather- 

Previous to the Revolution, and during that period, while 
there Avas a scarcity of powder, it was irequently manufac- 
tured by the town's people themselves, for their own con- 
sumption ; and private powder mills and magazines were not 
of uncommon occurrence. 

The Beach. This narrow neck of land, extending in length 
about six miles, and varying at diflTerent points in width, 

* The Bay is quite free from rocks, except a few at Powder point, the 
Nook point, and the northern end of Clark's Island. There is however 
two rocks of some size, to the westward of the Nook, and lying near the 
shore, to the eastward of the mouth of Island creek, called Cripple rocks. 
Two others, lying near together in the northern part, and off some distance 
from Powder point, are known by the name of " Zachary's rocks." They 
are on the very edge of the channel, and are about four or five feet under 
water at high tide. They probably received their name early from Zach- 
ary Soule, the son of the pilgrim George Soule, who lived on Powder 


forms the harbor of Duxbury. It runs from Marshfield in a 
southeasterly direction, and is entirely disjointed from the 
main land by the Cut River canal, as it is called, flowing be- 
tween. The name of Salt-house beach was very early given 
to it, though now it is more commonly known by the name of 
Duxbury beach. One of its most remarkable features is the 
clump of pitch pines, situated about two-thirds of the distance 
from the Cut to the Gurnet, and known to this day by the 
name of Hig-h pines, which name was given to them as early 
as 1637, or before. At this place the beach is wider than at 
any other, and they are placed on a slight elevation of land, 
and nearly surrounded by marshes, with which almost the 
whole extent of the beach on the inner side is boimded. 
Another eminence at the northern end is known by the name 
of " Roiise^s hummock,'''' which transmits to us the name of 
John Rouse, an early settler in that vicinity. About twenty- 
five years ago, the first house on the beach, which was erected 
by the Humane Society, was burnt down, and in it James 
Southworth was burnt to death ; and a few years after the 
present one was built.* 

Fears have been entertained, in times past, that at some 
time the sea might force its way through the beach at various 
places, and to guard against this, there was built, some years 
ago, with much labor and expense, at many points throughout 
its whole extent, a kind of sea-wall, placed for the greatest 
part on the inner side of the beach, and formed by a double 
line of fences, made by stakes driven in the ground, and sea- 
weed thrown between. This was accomplished under the 
direction of L. G. Sampson, Esq., then deputy collector of 
Plymouth district for the port of Duxbury, and paid for by an 
appropriation of Congress, amounting to several thousand 
dollars, and a large number of men were there employed for 
three or four weeks. At this time an appropriation was made 
by the town, and the whole extent of the beach purchased, 
and it is now the town's property. 

One of the best methods of preventing the destruction of the 
beach, is to attend to the preservation of the beach grass. 
Several times the seed has been «own at different points, and 
even as early as 1751 the town took measures to })revent the 
grass being eaten by cattle. At a town meeting this year, on 
the 20th of May, they voted " to petition the General Court to 
get an act to prevent neat cattle going upon or feeding on 
Duxbury beach lor the future." 

In connection here, it may not l)e improper to give some 
account of the promontory, which forms the southern extrem- 

* For a brief account of the vessels which have been wrecked upon the 
beach, see Appendix No. II. 


ity of the beach, though it belongs poHtically to the town of 
Plymouth, as does also another small promontorj'' * connected 
with this by a beach, which extends in a southwesterly direc- 
tion into the bay. 

The Gurnet contains about twenty-seven acres of good soil. 
The name is derived from the gurnet-fish, which abounds in 
great numbers on the coast of Devonshire, England; and in 
the English channel there are, several headlands bearing the-" 
name, having taken it probably because of the number of these 
fishes in their neighborhood ; and from one of these, it is pro- 
bable, the Gurnet of Plymouth received its name, which was 
very early given to it by the Pilgrims. 

T'his is probably the famous promontory, called by the 
Northmen, in their discoveries along the coast of the continent 
in the eleventh century, by the name of Krossaness. In the 
spring of 1004, Thorwald, son of Eric the red, sailing east- 
ward in his large ship from his winter quarters at Vineland 
[Providence], and then northward, passed a remarkable head- 
land [Cape Cod] inclosing a bay ; and came to another, but 
smaller one, on the other side of the bay, covered with wood 
[Gurnet.] f This spot so charmed" Thorwald, that he ex- 
claimed, — "This is a beautiful spot, and here I should like 
to fix my dwelling." He was soon after wounded in a skir- 
mish with the natives, and perceiving that his wound was 
mortal, he said to his companions : " I now advise you to 
prepare for your departure as soon as possible ; but me ye 
shall bring to the promontory, where T thought it good to 
dwell. It may be that it was a prophetic word, which fell 
from my mouth, about abiding there for a season. There 
shall ye bury me, and plant a cross at my head, and another 
at my feet, and call the place Krossaness in all coming time." 
This commandment was obeyed. — Antiqnitates America?icB of 
the Royal Society of Northern Aiitiquaries of Copenhagen. 

At the Garnet Creek, in the early days of the colony, bass 

* This peninsula is known by the name of Saquish, which, says the 
author of Notes on Plymouth, is an Indian word, and "signifies, doubtless, 
clams." The name has been variously spelled, as Sagaquab, Sagaquash, 
Saquaquash, Sasaquish, Sauquish, &c. In early times the town of Ply- 
mouth, were " forbade felling trees at Saquish, within 40 feet of the bank." 
Of its original forest, there were left in 1815, but two solitary trees, standing 
on the point; one of which stood for several years afterwards. It contains 
from twelve to fourteen acres of land. On a flat, and a dangerous shoal, 
which makes oif from Saquish point, there was built by the United States, 
in 1813, a stone pier. It is placed upon a muscle bed, and is about twelve 
feet square at the bottom, and eighteen feet high, and at high tide six feet 
above the water. 

f By a few it is thought to be point Alderton, (or more properly Aller- 
ton,) at the entrance of Boston harbor. 


were caught in great abundance, and a point is still called 
" Stage point,^' where fishing stages were erected in 1648. 

Light houses. An order was passed the legislature of 
Massachusetts bay, Feb. 17, 1768, authorizing the erection of 
a light house on the Garnet, which was to be 30 feet long, 20 
feet high, 1.5 feet wide. It showed two lights, one in each 
end, with two lamps of four large wicks in each. This was 
/»burnt down on the evening of July 2, 1801, and the present 
ones erected in 1803. They show two steady lights about 70 
feet above the level of the sea. 

Gurnet Meadows. These meadows anciently belonged to 
the town of Duxbury, though now they are within the juris- 
diction of Plymouth. The following, relating to their dispo- 
sition by the town, is from the Town records. 

1640. " Where as in year [sixteen hundred and] forty the 
bounds of Duxborrongh were set by the Court of New Ply- 
mouth, and it was ordered by the s*^ Court, that the medow 
att the gurnit should belong to s^ Duxborrough : and about 
the year [sixteen hundred and] sixty, the said medow was 
despossed of by the Town of Duxbnrrough, as folioweth. To 
Francis West, Edmond Weston, William Clarke, Zachariah 
Soule, Joseph Alden, John vSoule ; and ordered Lieuetenant 
Samuell Nash and Phillip Dilano to lay forth the said medow 
unto the aboves^ men : which was accordingly dun and 
bounds made and was recorded in the Towne book : but since 
that time, the s'i booke being burn'd, their record was lost. 
But on the 14"> day of this instant [May, 168SJ, the nov\'- pro- 
priators met to-gether, whose names are as folioweth : Samuell 
Seabury in the Right of Francis West: Edward, South worth 
in the right of Edmund Weston : Samuell West in the right 
of William Clarke : Jonathan Alden in the right of Joseph 
Alden : John Soule in the Right of Zechariah Soule : Joseph 
Howland in the right of John Soule : And on the said four- 
teenth day renewed the bounds of s«^ medow : which s** bounds 
are as folioweth ; " [here follow the bounds, which are not of 
enough interest to be inserted here.] In this record there is 
mention made of a place on the beach " where the SaUpaJi 
stood," hence it is inferred that salt was once made here, 
and that works for its production were erected. Also the 
" crike that makes the Gurnit Island " is named. The Gurnet 
creek dividing into two channels at its mouth, forms an island 
of marsh. 

Blue-Fish-River. This stream rises in the eastern part of 
the town, and flowing north through the meadows, in the form 
of a brook, it widens and makes what is now called the mill- 
pond, and then, contracting itself, it runs into the bay, on the 
southerly side of Powder point. 

It received its name in the earliest infancy of the settlement 


from the number of blue-fish, which frequented the waters in 
that vicinity. This fish, known to naturalists by the name of 
the temnodon saliator, is of a species allied to the mackerel : 
but larger and of a strong and vigorous frame. It was a com- 
mon fish on the shores of New England ; but entirely disap- 
peared from the coast about the year 1763 ; * but has withm 
a few years reappeared. The bay, which in years past has 
been in the proper season abundantly supplied with mackerel,-, 
which were caught in great numbers, on the appearance of 
this fish two or three years ago, was wholly left by them ; nor 
have they since appeared there. The fish is of a delicious 
flavor, and those which have been caught have found a ready 

Josselyn, an early voyager in thesep arts, thus describes the 
mode of taking these fish by the natives : " The Bass and 
Blew fish they take in harbours, and at the mouth of barr'd 
Rivers, being in their canows, striking them with a fisgig, a 
kind of dart or staff, to the lower end whereof they fasten a 
sharp jagged bone (since they make them of iron), with a 
string fastened to it : as soon as the fish is struck they pull 
away the staff, leaving the bony head in the fishes body, and 
fasten the other end of the string to the canow. Thus they 
will hale after them to shore half a dozen or half a score great 

Indian Head River was anciently within the bounds of 
Duxbury, and near it many of the first settlers had extensive 
grants of land. It is the outlet of Indian head pond, and flow- 
ing north empties into the North River, near the angle of the 
bounds of Hanover, Hanson and Pembroke. 

Jones River, which now forms the bounds between Dux- 
bury and Kingston during the last part of its course, received 
its name from the Captain of the Mayflower. It rises in Jones 
River Pond in Kingston, and flowing easterly a short distance, 
it turns to the south, and afterwards to the east, and running 
throughout the greatest part of its course in that direction, it 
turns again to the north, and then to the southeast, and finally 
flows in a northerly direction into the bay. 

South River rises in little Island Creek pond in Duxbury, 
in the south central part, and, flowing north through Cran- 
berry pond in Duxbury, it afterwards changes its course to 
northeast through Marshfield, and runs into Massachusetts 
Bay. Holly sivamp is mentioned as early as 1638, as the 
source of the South river ; and a large rock is mentioned as 
being near it and called Otler rock. 

* This date is given by Bradford, in the New England Chronology. 
Another species of fish of this name is found on the shores of Cuba, and 
about the Bahama islands. 


Island Creek. This creek, taking its rise in Island Creek 
pond, flows in a southerly direction into the bay in the south 
part of the town, forming in its course, by widening, two 
smaller ponds, at one of which is now the tack factory of Mr. 
Samuel Loring. 

Herring Brook, so called early, rises in Furness pond in 
Pembroke, and first flows east and then north into the North 

Tussocks Brook. In 1714 mention is made of " a creek 
that leads up to y^ place called y^ Tussocks." The word 
tussock or tussuck, now obsolete in English writing, signified 
a tuft of grass or twigs, which was probably the characteristic 
herbage of " y^ Tussocks.''' The creek, now called as above, 
rises on the southern borders of Duxbury, and flowing south- 
east, runs into Stoney brook (which empties into Jones River), 
forming in its course the bounds, in part, between Duxbury 
and Kingston. 

Mile Brook rises on the southern edge of Duxbury, and 
flows southerly into Blackwater pond in Kingston. 

PixE Brook rises in Pembroke, and flowing south forms the 
southeastern bounds between Duxbury and Pembroke, and 
running through the northern part of Kingston, empties into 
Jones River, opposite to Jones River creek. 

Stoney Brook. There were anciently two brooks of this 
name, one in the northern part of the town (which flowed into 
Duck hill river, and after the erection of a mill there in 1640, 
was called Mill brook, and is now so called) ; and the other 
in the southern part, on the borders of Kingston, and ^flowed 
into Jones River. 

Phillips Brook. Vide Mills. 

Black Frier Brook. Vide Mills. 

Hounds-ditch. This brook, which rises in the vicinity of 
North hill, flows into the Mill pond. It passed through the 
farm of the pilgrim, John Alden, and is supposed to have been 
named from some similar stream in the old country. 

Duck Hill River. This is a name given to a stream, wiiich 
meanders through the marshes in the northeastern part of the 
town, forming several islands, and flowing by the north of 
Powder point into the bay. 

Pine Point River flows through the marshes in the north- 
east of the town, and empties into the bay to the eastward of 
Pine point. 

Cut River. This river, flowing through the lowlands in 
Marshficld, originally emptied into the ocean, to the north of 
Rouse's Hiumnock ; but about forty years ago, during a very 
severe northeast storm, its mouth was barred up by the accu- 
mulation of sand, which was soon increased, and in a short 
time scarcely a vestige of its previous condition remained. 


The river now turned its channel through a canal, which had 
been dug connecting the Cut with tlie Pine point river, to ac- 
commodate sportsmen, and save them the trouble of proceed- 
ing around the Gurnet. A few years after it broke out with 
a new channel, which run out near Branches Island. This 
last occurred in the fall of 1810, and, in a few days after the 
water was first discovered oozing through the bank, the chan- 
nel was sutficiently deep for all purposes for which the former 
mouth had been used. 

The project of cutting the canal, above named, when first 
proposed, was considerably opposed, and an attempt was 
made on the part of some persons to fill it up in the night. A 
bridge was soon after built over it, connecting the beach with 
the main. 

Eagle Nest. A point and creek of this name are at the 
" Nook," and were called so by the earliest settlers. In 1639 
a wear was ordered to be placed here. 

Beaver Pond is mentioned, 1638, as being near the South river. 

Fresh Lake is mentioned, 1638, as being in Duxbury. 
Jones River Pond is the source of Jones river. It is a 
large and beautiful sheet of water, and is now included within 
the bounds of Pembroke, Kingston, and Plympton. It is now 
named Silver Lake, and furnishes a large quantity of ice, 
which is conveyed in the summer season over a branch road 
to the Old Colony Railroad, and thence to Boston market. 

Furness Pond in Pembroke. 

HoBOMOK * Pond in Pembroke. 

* Hohomok. This friend of the English early adopted the Christian reli- 
gion, and became an inmate of Captain Standish's family, whom he was 
accustomed to accompany on his expeditions, as a guide and interpreter, 
and was often of great service to the English, with whom he continued 
until his death in perfect friendship. It is said that he was a notable pinese 
or chief counsellor of Massasoit ; yet he preferred to remain true to the 
interests of the English, rather than live in the perfect enjoyment of those 
honors which his high rank in the councils of his nation would secure to 
him. His attachment to the English was ever manifested, and in all the 
secret plots of the Indians, he was their steadfast friend and adviser. It is 
said of him, that during the severe drought in 1623, (which lasted from the 
third week in May to the middle of July, whereby the English were in 
great danger of famine on account of the destruction of their crops,) when 
visited by Mr. Alden, he broke out in language like this : " 1 am much 
troubled for the English, for I am afraid they will lose all their corn by the 
drought, and so they will be all starved ; as for the Indians, they can shift 
better than the English, for they can get fish to help themselves." But 
when afterwards he met him, after their supplications for rain had been 
answered by Divine Providence, he said : " Now I see Englishman's God 
is a good God, for he hath heard you and sent you rain, and that without 
storms and tempests and thunders, which usually we have with our rain, 
which breaks down our corn, but yours stands whole and good still ; surely 
your God is a good God." He died in 1642, having served the Colonists 
for nearly twenty years faithfully and cheerfully. 


Great Sandy Bottom Pond K r, i, i 
T ,.^,^r^ c; o r> i in rembroke. 


Stetsox Pond in the southern part of Pembroke. 

Oldham Pond in Pembroke and Hanson. 

Maquand Pond in Hanson. 

Indian Head Pond in Hanson, bordering on Pembroke. 

Note. The last nine ponds, though not within the present bounds of 
Duxbury, were anciently included in its limits. 

Island Creek Pond. This fine sheet is the head waters of 
Island Creek, and is situated in the east central part of the 

Little Island Creek Pond is the source of the South river, 
and is situated a short distance northwest of Island Creek pond, 
and is sometimes called Round pond. 

Cranberry Pond. See South river. 

Merrick's, Hamar, Soule's, Brant, Skirt and Long Islands 
are in the northeast part of the town, and are composed of salt 

Great Wood Island, mentioned 1637. 

Powder Point. The first mention I find of this point is in 
the Col. Rec. 1636 : 

"Richard Beare, Maurice [Truant?], George Partridge, 
John Vobes, & Will Merick were appointed to have five 
acres of land for each pson together next to the Glade on Pow- 
der point."' 1637 : The Stoney marsh at Powder point is 
mentioned, and also the "iland and the glade at Ponder 

Long Point. This neck of marshy land, extending into the 
bay, was so called before 1638. 

Pine Point, early so called, extends into the bay in the 
northern part, between Pine point river and a creek which 
runs through the marshes to the westward of it. 

MusQUiTO Hole, mentioned 1639. 

Morton's Hole was so called as early as 1635, or before. 
A wear was placed here in 1639. Vide Settlement. This 
place, now so called, is situated to the westward of Captain's 
Hill, and its vicinity was thought of, as a fit place for uniting 
the towns of Plymouth and Duxbury in 1636, and building a 
new town. 

Cedar Swamp. This swamp was in what was called the 
" Major's Purchase, near Mattakesett ponds, ailias Namasa- 
kesett." The ponds thus named are that collection winch 
now arc within the bounds of Pembroke and Hanson. The 
swamp was (14 Oct. 1672) divided into seven lots, of five 
shares each, which were distributed to proprietors thus: 

I. Tho. Prence, Maj. Wmslow, Capt. Bradford, Lt. White 
and Benj. Church. 


II. Geo. Partridge, Philip Delano, Mr. Alden, John Soiile 
and Francis West. 

III. John Turner, Benj. Bartlett, Francis Walker, Francis 
Cook and Tho. Dogged. 

IV. Nalhl. Warren, John Nelson, the Minister, Wm. Pon- 
tus and Edward Bumpus. 

Y. Saml. Fuller, Isaac Rowland, Stephen Bryant, Mistress 
Sarah Warren and Saml. Eedy. 

VI. Edward Gray (3 shares), Francis Billington and An- 
drew Ring. 

VII. Capt. Fuller. John Thompson, William Nelson, Isaac 
Howland and Thomas Bur man. 


Grants of land were early made to the several towns of the 
colony, by the Court, to be reserved for their benefit, and were 
called the " Town's commons." Portions of these were sold at 
different times by the towns for raising revenues to meet the 
towns' expenses ; while other parts were let out to individuals, 
also as a means of revenue ; and grants made by the towns of 
other parts, and some remained perfectly free. 

1640 : The Court ordered a tract of land, on the Duxbury 
side, extending from Black water brook, and thence along back 
of Island creek pond to " houndsdich," to be reserved for the 
Town's commons, " to depasture their cattell upon." 

1644 : The Town requested a grant of land, twelve square 
miles, in the woods at Jones River. 

1661 : Granted to the towns of Duxbury and Marshfield, a 
tract of land lying between Jones River and Indian head river. 

1686, /?//y IS : "The common medow continewing free 
from hire & lying free for anny of Duxbury to cute, are Mer- 
icks Island, Hamar Island, Soule's Island, Brant Island, Skirt 
Island, Long Island, & the lower point of Wood neck." 

" The town have let out the comon medows for 6d. a load, 
excepting the Islands before mentioned, which are free. The 
Town have agreed that no man shall cut anny Grase at the 
comon medows, untill the last Munday in August, 1686, & 
untill the sun Rise upon that day, and in case anny man cut 
anny before that time, then he shall forfeit 5 Shillings per load 
unto the Town's use, unless it be upon the Islands before ex- 
cepted." — T. Rec'ds. 



1687. The common meadows between Gotum and Cut 
rivers, was leased for seven years, at 135. per annum (August 
12) to John Thomas and Peter West, and (I\Iar. 14, 1694.) 
was continued to Peter West and Samuel Delano for seven 
years longer. 

1690. These hired common meadows of the tow^n : 


7 £. 

8 £. 

John Thomas, 

Peter West, 

John Dillano, 

John Simmons, 

David Alden, 

Triphosa West 

Lt. Arnold, 

Thomas Dillano, 

Roger Glace, 

Nathl. Cole, 

John Michel, 

Thomas Boney, Jr., 

Caleb Sampson, 

Mr. Allix Standish, \£ 

}\-2 £. 


Francis West, 
AVidow Clarke, ^ 
Joseph Prior, 
Samuel Hunt, 
Piiilip Delanoy, 
Samuel Bartlett, 
Samuel Howland, 
Joshua Chandler, 
John Weston, 
Benjamin Bartlett, 
John Peterson, 
Abram Sampson, Sen. 
Abiam Sampson, Jr., 


4 jC. 

10 jC. 

6 £. 

" David Alden has paid all his rent for ye common medows." 

169S, May 2S : A tract of land lying between the bounds of 
Plymouth and Duxbury, and held in common by the towns 
of Duxbury and Marshfield, was divided between these two 
towns by John Soule, Isaac Little, Setli Arnold, Samuel 
Sprague and Robert Barker. 

1699, March 7 : Town chose Abraham Sampson, Benony 
Delano and Samuel Sprague, "cither to act on y*' former ^ct 
made to prevent y^ cutting and carrying away coarde wood or 
any other timber out y*^ towne, or to make and prosecute such 
acts as they shall se cause to prevent y«= carrying away such 
timber ; y^ towne voating to stand by them in y^ prosecution 
of y^ same." 

June 15 : Town ordered a fine to be imposed on those who 
should cut timber on the commons, unless they carry it to the 
saw-mills; and further that no wood shall be cut to be carried 
from the town. 

Julij 17 : Appointed Francis Barker, Robert Barker, Joseph 
Rogers, John Boney, James Bishop and Isaac Barker a com- 
mittee to prevent the cutting and the carrying olT the timber 
from the town's commons. 

17(j:] : Measures were about to be taken by the town for a 
division of the commons ; but was deferred on the remon- 
strance of the following, May 17th : 

Edward Southworth, 
Thomas Delano, Sen., 
Philip Leonard, 
John Delano, 
Stephen Samson, 
Caleb Samson, 

John Simons, 
Klnatluiii Weston, 
Piiilip Delano, Sen. 
Thomas Boney, 
Peter West, 
John Glasse, 



Joseph Chanler, Sen., 
Edmund Chanler, 
Nathaniel Cole, 
John Weston, 
Benj. Delanoe, 
Abraham Sampson, 
Philip Lathley, 
Samuel Hill, 
Thomas Fish, 
Thomas Southworth, 

Samuel Delano, 
Josiah Wormwoal, 
William Tubbs, 
Jonathan Delano, 
Joshua Turner, 
John Bishop, 
Benj. Prior, 
Isaac Oldham, 
Isaac Peirce, Sen., 
Thomas Delanoe. 

1707, Sept. 12. Voted to every freeholder and housekeeper 
twenty acres of the commons, and to those, who had had pre- 
vious grants, enough more to make up the said twenty acres ; 
and, June 5, 1710, it was divided among the freeholders of the 
town, as follows :f 

Robert Barker, Sen., 
Robert Barker, Jr., 
Francis Barker, Lt., 
Isaac Barker, 
Francis Barker, Jr., 
Josiah Barker, 
Thomas Barker, 
Elisha Barker, 
James Barker, 
Samuel Barker, 

Jabez Barker, 11 

*Philip Delano, deceased, 
Philip Delano, 
Samuel Delano, 
Sa^Tiuel Delano, 2d., 
Samuel Delano, 3d., 
Jonathan Delano, 
Dr. Thomas Delano, 
Benony Delano, 
Joseph Delano, 
John Delano, 

Thomas Delano, Jr., . . . 11 
Abraham Sampson, Sen., 
Abraham Sampson, Jr., 
Stephen Sampson, 
Benjamin Sampson, 
John Sampson, 
Caleb Sampson, 
Ichabod Sampson, 
Nathl. Sampson, 

David Sampson, 9 

Benjamin Bartlett, Sen., 
Benj. Bartlett, Jr., 
Ichabod Bartlett, 
William Bartlett, 
Samuel Bartlett, 
Joseph Bartlett, 

*Ebenezer Bartlett, 7 

John Simonson, Sen., 

John Simonson, Jr., 

John Simonson, 3d., 

Benj. Sinr.onson, 

Isaac Simonson, 

Joseph Simonson, 

Joshua Simonson 7 

Edmund Chanler, 

Samuel Chanler, 

John Chanler, 

Benj. Chanler, 

Joseph Chanler, Sen.^ 

Joseph Chanler, Jr., .... 6 

Abraham Peirce, Sen., 

Abraham Peirce, Jr., 

John Peirce, 

Samuel Peirce, 

Isaac Peirce, 

Thomas Peirce, 6 

*Mr. John Wadsworth, 

Christopher Wadsworth, 

Elisha Wadsworth, 

Ichabod Wadsworth, 

John Wadsworth, 
*Joseph Wadsworth, .... 6 

William Brewster, Sen., 

William Brewster, Jr., 

Benj. Brewster, 

Nathl. Brewster, 

Jonathan Brewster, .... 5 

Mr. David Alden, 

John Alden, 

Jonathan Alden, 

Benj. Alden, 

Samuel Alden, 5 

Thomas Boney, 

f This division was made by F. Barker, S. Bradford, and S. Seabury. 



Samuel Tubbs, 3 

Elnathan Weston, 
Samuel Weston, 

John Weston, 3 

Josiah Wormall, Sen., 
Josiah Wormall, Jr., 
Ebenezer Wormall, .... 3 
Thomas Hunt, 
*Samuel Hunt, dec'd. ... 2 
James Partridge, 

John Partridge, 2 

Isaac Stetson, 

Timothy Stetson, 2 

Caleb Thomas, 

James Thomas, 2 

Samuel West, 

Pelatiah West, 2 

Abraham Booth, 

Mr. Samuel Bradford, Lt., 

Lambert Despar, 

Nathl. Chamberland, 

Thomas Fish, 

Samuel Fisher, 

John Glass, 

Samuel Hill, 

AVidow Hutson, 

Thomas Lambert, Jr., 

Mr, Thomas Loring, Ens., 

Elias Magoon, 

John Magvarland, 

Joseph Michell, 

Isaac Oldham, 

Thomas Parris, 

Benj. Prior, 

Nehemiah Randall, 

]\Ir. John Robinson, 

John Saunders, 

Mr. Samuel Seabui^, 

Israel Silvester, 

Miles Standisb, 

Robert Stanford, 

Joseph Stockbridge, 

Japheth Tumor, 

George Williamson, 

Mr. Peleg Wisvvall, 

John Russell. . 29 of one each. 

should be read : — " The proprietors of 
the farm that [the name] lives on." Those marked with a single * to read 
" The proprietors of the farm of [the name]." 

In lias been deemed proper and desirable to insert several 
lists ol'a similar cliaracter to the foregoing, which, on account 
of their genealogical importance, ought to be preserved. IVor 
are they entirely devoid of a general interest, for they serve to 
show ns the ratio which one family bore to another in regard 
to their nimibcrs at that time. Of the 100 persons abovenam- 
ed, there are 58 family names; and of the Barker family. 

Joseph Boney, 

Ebenezer Boney, 

John Boney, 

James Boney, 5 

Josiah Kein, Sen., 

Josiah Kein, Jr., 

John Kein, 

Benj. Kein, 

Matthew Kein, 5 

Benj. Peterson, 

John Peterson, 

Jonathan Peterson, 

Joseph Peterson, 

Isaac Peterson, 5 

Joseph Soule, 

Moses Soule, 

Joshua Soule, 

Aaron Soule, 

Josiah Soule, 5 

Mr. Edw. Southworth, 

Constant Southworth, 

Benj. Southworth, 

John Southworth, 

Thomas Southworth, ... 5 

James Bishop, 

John Bishop, 

Hutson Bishop, 

Ebenezer Bishop, 4 

Samuel Spiague, Sen., 
**Samuel Sprague, Lt., 
**J()hn Sprague, 

William Sprague, 4 

Edward Arnold, 

Capt. Seth Arnold, 

Benj. Arnold, 3 

Nathl. Cole, Sen., 

Nathl. Cole, Jr., 

Epliraim Cole, 3 

Josiah Holmes, 

John Holmes, 

William Holmes, 3 

Joseph Rogers, 

Timothy Rogers, 

Francis Rogers, 3 

William Tnbbs, Sen., 

Joseph Tubbs, 

Note. Those marked with a 



which was then, it will be seen, one of the most numerous 
in the town, there is now scarcely a representative, and the 
same can be said of other families mentioned in the list. 

1710. January "i^ : Voted, that every proprietor of a lot, 
with a dwelling thereon, if he had been a townsman ten years, 
should have 40 acres allotted to him ; and those, who have 
had previous grants, to have enough more to make up the 40 
acres. Elnathan Weston, Joseph Peterson, Samuel Chandler, 
John Simmons, Sen., Stephen Sampson, Joseph Chandler, Sen. 
and Edmund Chandler petitioned against it. At an adjourn- 
ed meeting, on February ls(, Lt. Samuel Bradford, John Par- 
tridge and Joseph Stockbridge were appointed to procure a 
surveyor to lay it out. At the same meeting a petition was 
presented from the young men, asking one half a share in the 
intended division ; which was granted to them, notwithstand- 
ing the remonstrance of Israel Silvester, Benj. Chandler, Caleb 
Thomas, Aaron Soule and Thomas Fish, and of Mr. Loring 
and Benony Delano, who were opposed to the division at all. 
These commons (salt meadows*) were divided into 33 lots 
of- five shares each, and not until June 16, 1712, were they 
distributed by lot to the proprietors, who were as follows : — 

Delano, Samuel, Sen., 

" Samuel, 2d., 

" Samuel, 3d., 
* " Philip, 

" John, 

" Benoni, 

" Thomas, Sen., 

" Thomas, Jr., 

" Jonathan, 

" Joseph, 

Philip, 11 

Barker, Thomas, 

" James, 

" Elisha, deceased, 

" Josiah, 

" Lt. Francis, 

" Francis, Jr., 

" Isaac, 

" Samuel, 

" Robert, 9 

Sampson, Stephen, 

" John, 

" Ichabod, 

" Abraham, 

Sampson, Caleb, 

" David, 8 

Simmons, John, Sen., 

" John, Jr., 

" Benj., 

" Joseph, 

" Joshua, 

" John, deceased, 

Benj., 7 

*Bartlett, Ebenezer, 

" Benj. Sen., 

" Benj. Jr., 

" William, 

" Samuel, 

" Joseph, 6 

Chandler, Samuel, 

" Edmund, 

" Joseph, Sen., 

" Joseph, Jr., 

" John, 

" Benj., 6 

Peirce, Samuel, 

" Abraham, Sen., 

" Abraham, Jr., 

" Isaac, 

" John, 

* This vote was passed at a town meeting, May 16lh, 1711 : " That all 
their salt marsh, common meadows, with all their salt and sedge islands and 
sedge flats that are above the Cove of the beach, so called, should next be 
laid out." 




Peirce, Thomas, 

Wadsworth, Elisha, 

* " Joseph, deceased, 
" Christopher, 

* " John, deceased, 
" John, 

" Ichabod, 

Alden, David, 

" Samuel, 

" John, 

" Jonathan, . . . . 
Boney, John, 

" Joseph, 

" James, 

" Thomas, 

" Ebenezer, .... 
Brewster, William, Sen., 

" William, Jr., 

" Nathl., 


Josiah, Sen., 

" Josiah, Jr., 

" Malihevv, 

" John, 

" Benjamin, . . . . 
Peterson, Joiin, 

" Joseph, 

" Benjamin, 

" Jonathan, 

" Isaac, 

Soule, Josiah, 

" Aaron, 

" Joshua, 

" Moses, 

" Joseph, 

Southworth, Edward, 

" Thomas, 

" Constant, 

" Benjamin, 

" John, 

Bishop, James, 

" Ebenezer, 

" Ilutson, 

" John, 

Arnold, Capt. Seth, 

" Benjamin, . . . . 
Cole, Nathaniel, Sen., 

*' Nathaniel, Jr., 

" Ephraim, . . . . 
Holmes, Josiah, 

" John, 

" William 

Note. Of the 165 persons 
Those marked *, to be read, " 

. 6 Thomas, Samuel, 


" James, 3 

Sprague, William, 
" Lt. Samuel, 

John, 3 

. 6 Weston, Elnathan, 


" Samuel, 3 

Wormall, Josiah, Sen., 
" Josiah, Jr., 

.5 " Ebenezer, 3 

Rogers, Timothy, 
" Joseph, 

" Francis, 3 

Hunt, Thomas, 

.5 * " Samuel, 2 

Hutson, Widow, 

" Anne, 2 

Partridge, James, 

" John, 2 

• 5 Magoon, James, 

" Elias, 2 

Stetson, Timothy, 

" Isaac, 2 

Tubbs, Sumuel, 

. 5 " Joseph, 2 

West, Samuel, 

" Pelatiah 2 

*Wiswall, Ichabod, [dec'd?] 

Peleg, 2 

. 5 Booth, Abraham, 

Bradford, Ll. Samuel, 
*Ciark, Henry, 
Dcspar, Lambert, 
Fish, Thomas, 
. 5 Fisher, iSamuel, 

Ghiss, John, 
Hill, Samuel, 
Howland, Thomas, 
Loring, Thomas, 
. 5 Magvarland, John, 

Oldham, Isaac, 
Parris, Tliomas, 
Prior, Benj;! nun, 
. 4 Randall, Nehemiah, 

Robinson, Jolin, 
Russell, Jolin, 
. 3 Saunders, John, 

Seabury, Samuel, 
Silvester, Israel, 
. 3 Standish, Miles, 

Stanford, Robert, 
Stockbridge, Joseph, 
. 3 Williamson, George. ... 24 

above named, there are 56 family names, 
the proprietors of the farm of [the name]." 



1712, Oct. 6 : Town appointed Capt. John Alden, Joseph 
Stockbridge and John Partridge to assist the surveyors in lay- 
ing out these lands. Capt. Alden refusing to serve, Capt. 
Thomas Barker was chosen in his stead. 

1713, Dec. 11: Lots were drawn in the last division "of 
upland and swampy'' lands in Duxbury and Pembroke, (ex- 
cepting the Cedar swamps), by 152 proprietors. The Cedar 
swamps were divided into 34 lots in June, 1714. 

1747, ^ept. 28 : At a meeting of the proprietors of Duxbury 
and^ Pembroke, of the second division, Edward Arnold, Esq., 
Capt. Nehemiah Cushing and Joshua Soule were authorized to 
receive the claims of those who had not had any grants, and 
make report ; which they did Nov. 30. This said meeting 
adjourned to the 2d Monday in March, when they chose Dan- 
iel Lewis, Esq., Mr. Samuel Seabury and Mr. Samuel Weston 
to take the claims of persons in the Salt meadows, and to see 
who were qualified to vote at the proprietors' meetings. 

1748, May 10. The said committee brought in a list, which 
was recorded.* They then voted to divide the common mea- 

* The list was as follows : 
" John Wadsworth, (4 rights), 
Joshua Soul, (12 rts.), 
Elisha Wadsworth, 
Thomas Boney,* 
Joseph Delanoe, 
Thomas Loring, dec'd,* (2 rts.), 
Gamaliel Bradford, Esq., 
Joseph Freeman, ^ 
James Partridge, 
Mr. Samuel Seabury, 
Christopher Wadsworth, (2 rts.), 
Benj. Wadsworth, 
Eben'r Samson, 
Abraham Samson, (2 rts.), 
Benj. Bartlit, (dec'd),* 
Wm. Bartlit's (dec'd) heirs, 
Philip Delano, (2 rts.), 
Thomas Hunt, (Urts.), 
Thomas Delano, Jr.'s (dec'd) heirs, 
Benj. Peterson, 
Benj. Prior, 
Mr. Peleg Wiswall, 
Thomas Prince, 
Miles Standish, 
Joseph & Joshua Brewster, 
William Brewster, 
Israel Silvester, 
Robert Stanford, (2 rts.), 
John Sampson, (3 rts.), 
Samuel Spiague, 
JohnSprague, >(,^^j 
Abijah hprague, J ^ " 

Jonathan Delanoe, 

Nathl. Samson, 

Josiah Soul, 

John Peterson's heirs, 

Isaac Peterson's heirs, 

Joseph Soul, 

Samuel Delanoe's heirs, 

Samuel Alden, Jr., 

Jonathan Alden, 

Thomas Southworth's heirs, 

Joshua Delanoe, 

John South worth, (2 rts.), 

Wm. South worth, 

Benj. Southworth, 

Moses Simmons, 

John Simmons, Jr.'s heirs, 

Benj. Simmons, 

Isaac Simmons, 

Joseph Simmons, 

Joshua Simmons, 

Samuel Baker, 

Samuel Chanler's heirs, 

John Chanler, 

Benj. Chanler, (24 rts.), 

Joseph Chanler, Sen.'s heirs^ 

Capt. John Chanler, 

Joseph Chanler, Jr.'s heirs, 

James Glass, 

Moses Soul, 

Benj. Alden's heirs, (2 rts.), 

Samuel Alden, 

Nathl. Brewster, 

Nathaniel Cole, Sen.'s, heirs. 



dow ill this manner, — to divide the 1G8 shares into three 
portions, and that some indifferent person should draw lots 
for each portion ; and the same committee, last named, were 
chosen to perform this division. 

1749. Dilliculties afterwards arose between the town and 
the above named proprietors, and at a meeting of the town, 
June 19, they voted that they would not leave the contentions 
to be settled by referees. The proprietors then, through their 
agent, Mr. Joshua Soule, commenced an action before the Court 
for " trespass and ejectment " in the town's mowing the salt 
meadows. The action was not brought on at this time ; but 
in January 1750, Mr. Soule was again chosen witli full power 
to sue the town for the damage done them at Rouse's point, 
to the amount of £2U0. A summons was soon after served 
upon the town, by the proper oflicer, to appear before the In- 

Jabez Cole, 

Ephraim Cole, 

Isaac Partridge, 

Samuel Weston, (2 rts.), 

Samuel Delano, y" 3d's heirs, 

Ebenr. Fish, 

Caleb Samson, 

David Samson, 

James Tliomas, 

Samuel West, 

Palitiah West, 

Henry Clark, (dec'd),* 

John Weston's heirs, 

Joseph Boney's heirs, 

Josiah Wormal, Jr.'s heirs, 

Edward Arnold, Esq., (4 rts.), 

James Arnold, 

Benj. Prior, Jr., 

Geo. Partridjre, 

Ebenr. Bartlit, 

Joseph Bartiit, 

Joseph Stockbridge, , 

Lt. Francis Barker,* 

Josiah Barker's heirs, 

Elisha Barker's heirs, 

John Boney's heirs, 

Timothy Rogers' heirs, 

Timothy Stetson, 

Morris and Jacob Tubbs, for } 

Joseph Tubbs' right, ^ 
Joseph Rogers,* 
John Bushop, 
James Bisliop,* 
Nehemiah Randall, 
Thomas Lambert, Jr.'s heirs, 
Samued Jacobs for } -jp-u* 

Saml. ]3arkcr's ^ *= ' 
Note. Those marked [*] to be 


Hudson Bishop, 

Isaac Oldham, 

John Russell, 

.lolin Mackverland, 

Josiah Kein's heirs, 

Isaac Kein for ) 

Josiah Kein, Jr.'s heirs, \ 
Matthew Kein's heirs, 
Benj. Kein's heirs, 
Lambert Despar's heirs or assigns, 
John Saunders's heirs, 
Francis Rogers' heirs, 
James Magoon,* 
Nathl. Chamberland's heirs, 
William Tubbs, Sen.'s, heirs, 
Isaac Barker, ('2 rts.), 
Tiiat was Abraham Booth's,* 
Josiah for John Kein's right, 
Isaac Stetson, 
Isaac Tubbs for 

Tho. Parris' right, 
Henry Joseling for James Boney, 
Tho. Burton for } 

Abra. Peirce, Jr., ^ 
Isaac Crooker for Isaac Parris, 
Thomas Peirce, 
Aaron Soul, Jr., (3 rts.), 
Isaac Hatch for Josiah Holmes, 
David for I''/lias Magoon, 
Robert Barker, Jr.,* 
Beriah for Dr. Thomas Delanoe, 
Benoni Delanoe, 
Eph. Norcut & wife and Mercy > 

Curtis for Ebenr. Boney, J 
Eben. Wormal's heirs, 
Benj. Brewster, 
Benj. Bartlett, Jr.'s heirs." 
" the proprietors of the farm of — .' 


ferior Court at Plymouth in May. This action was continued, 
though not completed hy Mr. Soule, until April 20th, 1752, 
when the proprietors transferred the power granted him to 
Messrs. John Sampson and Briggs Alden,. The decision of the 
Court was not however in their favor ; but recovered damages 
from them for the town in the sum of £1. 9. 6. On account of 
the refusal of the proprietors to remunerate Mr, Soule for his 
trouble in the prosecution of the above named case, another 
action was commenced against them at the Plymouth Court ; 
whereupon the Proprietors met and chose an agent to meet the 
said Soule at Court. 


Grist Mill. 1639 : Previous to this date, the town's people 
had been obliged to procure their grist from Plymouth, which 
was very inconvenient, and now began to be much in want of 
one of their own. Having found two individuals, TJwmas 
Hilier and George Pollard^ who would, agree to erect it and 
sustain it on the following conditions, the town also agreed to 
be bound to the contract on their part, for securing to them 
certain privileges. At a meeting of the town, Nov. 7th, Hilier 
and Pollard agreed " at their owne pper cost and charges to 
build, frame and set up one sufficient water milne to grind 
corne on both English and Indian, within the terme of one 
whole yeare next after the date hereof As also Stampers to 
beate Indian corne at, as speedyly as possibly they cann, and 
to build the said milne and Stampers upon a certaine brooks 
comonly called or knowne by the name of Stony Brooke." 
(This brook was afterwards called Mill brook.) The town 
then agreed : — 

I. To allow no other mill to be erected in the town, until 
they shall not be able to supply the town's wants. 

II. To exert their influence in procuring for them the com- 
mons, next north of the brook. 

II. To allow them £6 pounds to purchase the adjoining 
lands of John Irish and Henry Wallis. 

IV. To grant them other lands, and to permit them to charge 
a "pottle of corne for grinding every bushell," and to allow 
them to hold it, themselves and their heirs, forever. 

This was signed by William Collier, Jonathan Brewster, 

44 MILLS. 

Christopher Wadsworlh and Mylcs Standish in behalf of the 

1640 : They petitioned the Colony Court for liberty to place 
a mill here, &c., whereupon Mr. Collier, Capt. Standish, Mr. 
Alden, Mr. Brown, Mr. Winslow and Jonathan Brewster 
were appointed " to take view of the water course, that should 
be turned to the milne and make report of it, how p''judiciall 
it may bee." The above committee soon after reported, " that 
the same will not be any way prejudicial! to any man;" and 
then the Court granted unto said Hilier and Pollard, that they 
"shall have liberty to turne that part of the said streame so 
viewed into the said milne." At a later period the mill came 
into the hands of Constant South worth. In 1746 John South- 
worth owned it, when he shared it with Dr. Harlow, George 
Partridge and Joshua Delano. 

1767. Liberty was given to Joseph Drew to build a grist 
mill on Bluefish river. 

Saw Mills. 1701 : " Capt. Seth Arnold with some other 
partner or partners, whom he may take into partnership with 
him, having an intention to build a Saw-mill on Green's har- 
bour brook, y^ said Town did by vote, give free liberty to 
y*^ inhabitants of y^ said town of Duxborough to cutt and carry 
off any timber from y*^ comons of y^ said town to y^ said saw 
mill, to keep y^ said mill in Imployment." 

The only saw mill in the colony for forty years after the 
settlement at Plymouth, was within the present limits of Pem- 
broke, then Duxbury. 

1742. Reuben Peterson owned a saw-mill on Phillip's 
brook ; but the stream being small, he made an agreement 
(1770, Nov. 23) with Consider Simmons, so that, for 12s. 
yearly, he might have the stream of the Black-Fricr-brook 
by a ditch, where it runs through the said Simmons' land. 

Dams. 1693, May 10: Liberty was given to Robert Bar- 
ker to build a dam on Pudding brook at the Beaver dam. 

1702, J7ine 15. Town gave liberty to Ensign Saml. Sea- 
bury to make a dam " upon Island creek pond brook, provided 
that he leaves a sufficient and free passage for y^ herrings up 
and down, and also makes a sufficient cartway over y*= said 



1655 : A bounty was early oliered by the Colony Court for 
every wolf and other wild animal, that should be killed ; and 
in the records frequent mention is made of various wolf-traps 
belonging to the settlers ;* and a report of the number of wolves 
killed was generally made to the Court. This year there was 
reported one wolf which was killed in Duxbury by an Indian. 

1661 : The Court ordered that there should be given to every 
Indian, who should kill a wolf, one half a pound of powder 
and two pounds of shot or lead. 

These animals were sometimes killed near the thickest set- 
tled parts of the town, though they generally frequented the 
woods in the western part in the greatest numbers ; and it 
was not without some difficulty that one of them could be 
slain ; yet they were not unfrequently taken in traps. In 16S6, 
in the town's book of expenses, we find this. — "For a wolfe 
to an Indian. 7s. 6c/.," and many other records of a similar 

1693 : Mai/ 10. Ordered by the town that " every house- 
holder siiall kill one crow and six blackbirhds, or twelve black- 
birds. Such as kill no crow, between May 1 and July 1 must 
pay Is. for Town's use." 

1731, March 1 : " Voted that there should be payd out of 
y^ s'^ Town's Treasury Twenty Shillings for every wild cat, 
that may be killed within this town, by any of y^ inhabitants 
thereof, to y^ persons that may kill them, viz.. Twenty Shil- 
lings above what is allowed for killing wild cats of y^ province 

1737, Alarch lA: The Town ordered that to any person, 
who should kill a crow, six pence should be given ; and for a 
crow-bill black bird three pence ; and for a bluebird,- •' of that 
kind, which usually destroys Indian corn," three pence. 

1758. Herring Fisldng. The Town voted " that no her- 
rings shall be caught upon Saturday or the Sabbath day dur- 
ing the present year ; nor between sunset and sunrise on other 
days," and Joseph Russell was appointed to see it obeyed. 

1770, March. Town voted that herrings may be caught 
on Saturdays and Monda^^s between sunrise and sunset. 

* Collier's " woolftrap " is mentioned as early as 1638 ; also Dingley's 
and others. 



These puritan taverns could not be kept, according to law, 
without a license by an express order of the Court. And it 
has been said, that it was only to the grave and sober that 
this license was given, and upon them it Avas enjoined that 
perfect quiet should be required in their apartments, and that 
care should be taken that none " drink over nuich." The 
rigid justice of the magistrates did not overlook the slightest 
deviations from propriety, and the records of their proceedings 
bear ample testimony to the efficiency of their own labors, 
and those of their not less scrupulous constituents. None 
escaped the searchings of their suspicious eyes, and both the 
high and low, on their complaint, were forced to receive jus- 
tice by the law, and have their names recorded, to be handed 
to posterity as memorials, perhaps, of their own folly, in that 
they behaved themselves "in a beastly manner," and acted 
" unseemly in the sight of God." Nor can the searching eyes 
into musty rolls of the present day complain of this, as regards 
their own desires, for many, and worthies too, but for their 
trifling imprudences, have not a record of their being, save in 
the chronicle of crimes. That men of the highest respectabil- 
ity were selected to retail tlie " strong water " was certainly 
the case ; for we fnid that in lOGO, Mr. Collier, who was 
eminently distinguished in the public affairs of the colony, 
was licensed to sell the beverage to his neighbors in Duxbury ; 
and it can be justly considered that one, who is well known 
to have been one of the wealthiest amotig them, would not 
have selected this as a means of gain, but rather at the in- 
stance of the magistrates, who well knew him to be a sober 
and discreet man, and one who would not be likely to sufibr 
any transgression of their laws. Constant tSout/naorth, who 
is likewise known to have been a man of the highest respecta- 
bility, and one of the Deputies, was permitted, in 1G4S, to sell 
wine in Duxbury. 

However, the Jirsi Ordinary in the town was kept hy Fran- 
cis iSpragiie, who, though he may have manifested an ardent 
temperament on some occasions, * yet it must be presumed he 

* He liiul been previously fined to tlio amount of £2Q for killing a mare ■ 
of Tliftuias Ilatlicrly on sonne provocation, and liad recently been arraigned 
(or beating Win. llolloway, a servant of William ]3asset. Wo also find him 
a transgressor of that law, which the Colonists saw fit to enact for the more 
perfect security of their lives, that none should sell fire-arms to the Indians. 
Such Indians, however, as the magistrates knew to be well-disposed and 
sober, were permitted, by the express order of the Court, to purchase arms 
for themselves. 


was of the sober class. His license was granted, Oct. 1, 1638, 
" to keepe a victualling on Diixbiirrow side," and was recall- 
ed by the Court in 1666, though for what reason is not stated. 
In the discharge of his duty, he did not always act in that 
strict conformity and exactness to the notions of the rulers, 
which would have removed his name from connections which, 
at this distant day, seem rather disreputable. He appears to 
have been somewhat independent in his feelings, and not en- 
tirely free from those charges, which in nowise became liis, 
situation ; and in the same year that he received his license, 
he was fined to the amount of 40 shillings, for — what it was 
incumbent on him to admonish — " drinking overmuch." His 
license was once withdrawn for a short time in 1639; yet 
continuing "draweing and retayleing wine contrary to the 
expresse order of the Court," he was fined, and in 1641 was 
prohibited " to dray any wyne or strong water untill the next 
gen[er]all [Court], without speciall lycence." The latter part 
of his life, however, is marked by none of those misdeeds 
which we find in his earlier days. He was succeeded by his 
son, John Sprague, Avho was licensed in October, 1669. He 
partook somewhat of the character of his father, and contin- 
ued as keeper of the ordinary until his death, in 1676. 

In 167 J , the Court passed a law " for the prevention of great 
abuse by the excessive drinking of Liquors in ordinaryes," 
wherein it was required that every keeper should make, to 
the Court, a report of those, who " doe not attend order, but 
carry themselves uncivilily, by being importunately desiious 
of drink, when deneyed, and do not leave the house when re- 
quired." Any disregard of this order would impose on the 
keeper a fine of £5. Mr. Samuel tSeabury and Francis West 
were also appointed by the Court " to have inspection of the 
ordinaries and other suspected places" in Duxbury. This 
Court also settled the price of rum to be five shillings per gal- 
Ion, or at retail two pence per gill. 

The next license was granted to Mr. Seabi/ry, in 1678, " to 
sell liquors unto such sober minded naighbours, as hee shall 
thinke meet, soe as hee sell not lesse then the quantie of a 
gallon att a time to one p''son, and not in smaller quantities by 
retaile to the occationing of drunkenes." 



The first settlers of Duxbnry were, many of them, of the 
highest respectabiUty, and in the colony affairs took prominent 
and active parts. Of the twenty subscribers to the civil com- 
pact, signed in the cabin of the Mayflower, November, 1620, 
who survived the fatal first winter, these became at some 
future time inhabitants of Dnxbury, — Elder Brewster, Capt. 
Standish, Mr. Alden, Mr. Howla'nd, Francis Eaton, Peter 
Brown and George Soule. IMost of these were men of high 
repute among the Pilgrims, and often elevated to the highest 
offices among them, and in their number appear the names, 
which we find, with so mucli honor to tiiemselves, recorded in 
their civil and ecclesiastical history, and imprinted on their mil- 
itary annals with imperishable fame. The name of Brewster 
is a token of their purity and religion; and that of Standish a 
memento of their persevering endurance, their heroism, and 
their fortitude; while the names of Alden and of Rowland 
have come down to us, as fit memorials of that never-varying 
justice which has so nobly characterized the lives of their 

Brewster was the very soul of the colony. Striving with 
the holy design of meliorating the condition of his fellow-men, 
he voluntarily left the enticing allurements of a life at court, 
and preferred the enjoyment, with the people of God, of those 
dearest liberties — the freedom of conscience and the pure 
worship of their God in peace — even though in a wilderness 
it might be, to the magnificence and splendor of palaces, and 
the presence of their haughty inmates. 

The accompanying cut is a fac-simile of the Elder's auto- 
graph, written somewhat late in life ; and the original is be- 
lieved to be the only signature of his to be found. 


Standish aflfords us not only an instance of the nerve of the 
Pilgrims, but a type of their hearts. It is not only his indom- 
itable spirit and unceasing exertions in the performance of 
every hazardous duty which was committed to him, but also 
his openness of heart, his frankness, and sincerity of purpose, 
which has gained for him that respect from posterity, which is 
due to the memory of one, whose life was spent in the service 


of those, who to him owed much for their existence, and for 
whose security lie encountered all the hardships and dangers 
of a then unexplored region, faced in open contlict, or in the 
deadly ambush, the cruel attacks of the uncivilized savages, 
and forced them to a submission to laws of justice and neces- 
sity. Nor in the council were his services of scarce less im- 
portance ; remaining in the office of an assistant, during the 
whole of his life, and treasurer of, the Colony from 1644 to 
1649, and once sent to England as their agent. A friend of 
the Indians in peace, but in war his very name was a terror; 
not on account of a wanton cruelty, for none have ever attempt- 
ed to ascribe to him more than a perfect fulfilment of the com- 
mands which were given him. His profession was that of a 
soldier, which he had chosen not merely from inclination, but 
" being heir apparent to a large estate of lands and livmgs, 
surreptitiously detained from him," he was early forced to 
seek employment for a livelihood. Though of a small stature, 
"he had an active genius, a sanguine temper and a strong 
constitution ;" and entering into the service of Queen Eliza- 
beth, in aid of the Dutch, he soon proceeded to the Nether- 
lands, the seat of the war, where, on the establishment of 
peace, he settled, and soon after joined the English refugees at 
Leyden. On their embarkation for America, he joined the 
first company, and soon after their arrival was chosen to the 
command of the first party sent on shore for discovery, con- 
sisting of sixteen men, and soon elected to the chief military 
command, an office of miich responsibility. His courage was 
indisputable. In all his expeditions he wanted but a few men, 
and the choice of these he claimed for himself. He was 
always their leader in every hazardous undertaking, and the 
people, confiding in his bravery and prudence, were ever ready 
to place themselves under his command, and in the most fry- 
iug conflicts felt themselves secure. His actions show a for- 
bearance rarely met with in one of his profession : but in the 
time of decisive action, his courage and perseverance were 
equal to the boldest resolutions, ever formed upon the impulse 
of the mind. Perhaps on some occasions he may have shown 
some slight degree of passion ; but then, says Hubbard, seem- 
ingly in his defence, " he had been bred a soldier in the Low 
Countries, and never entered into the school of Christ, or of 
John the Baptist ; or if eyer he was there, he had forgotten the 
first lessons, to offer violence to no man, and to part with the 
cloak rather than needlessly contend for the coat, though taken 
away wilhout order. A little chimney is soon fired ; so was 
the Plymouth captain, a man of very small stature, yet of a 
very hot and angry temper. The fire of his passion soon 
kindled, and blown up into a flame by hot words, might easily 
have consumed all, had it not been seasonably quenched." 


The account, thus given hy. Hubbard, has been considered, 
and rightly too, as graphic, but flippant and unjust. Nor does 
Hubbard liimself invariably give the same tone to his subject; 
but, evidently in a state of less excitement, he calls hitn "a 
gentleman very expert in military service, by whom the people 
were all willing to be ordered in those concerns. He was like- 
wise (he continues) improved to good acceptance and success 
in afl'airs of the greatest moment in the colony ; to whose in- 
terests he continued firm and steadfast to the last, and always 
managed his trust with great integrity and faithfulness." In 
1623, .Standish was sent by the governor, with orders to break 
up a plot of the Indians, which, it was learned, had been form- 
ed to destroy the settlement, and massacre the inhabitants of 
the English colony at Wessagusset, now Weymouth. On this 
expedition, the most celebrated one of his life, and which is 
possibly a fair criterion of his character, he cliose but eight 
men, refusing any more. On arriving at the settlement he 
found the people scattered, and wholly unconscious of their 
impending danger. Having qviickly assembled them, he in- 
formed them of their situation, not, however, without exciting 
the suspicions of the Indians, ^oon after, an Indian bringing 
the Captain some furs, he treated him "smoothly;"' yet the 
Indian reported, that he '• saw by the (Japtain's eyes, that he 
was angry in his heart." And at another time, Pecksuot, an 
Indian warrior of reputed courage, said to Ilobomok, Stand- 
ish's guide and interpreter, and an inmate of his household, 
that '• he understood that the Captam had come to kill him 
and the rest of the Indians there ; but tell him (said he) we 
know it, but fear him not; neither will we shun him, let him 
begin when he dares; he shall not take us unawares." And 
again, a little after, in the presence of Standish, whetting his 
knife before his face, and boasting of its quality, he said to 
him — ''Though you are a great Captain, yet you are but a 
little man ; and though I be no sachem, yet I am a man of 
great strength and coiu'age." On tlie following day, Pecksuot, 
Wittowamat, and his brother, a youth of eighteen, and another 
Indian, with Standish and about the same number of his own 
men, being in a room together, the signal was given by the 
Captain, and the door instantly closed and fastened. Then 
.seizing Pecksuot, he snatched his knife from his belt, while 
his men fell upon the others. A sliorv struggle ensued, which 
ended in the death of Pecksuot by Standish, and that of the 
other Indians, save the youth, whom they afterwards hung. 
Hobomolc, who stood by, a silent spectator of all that passed, 
then smilingly exclaimed, — '-Yesterday, Pecksuot bragged 
of his own strength and stature, and told you that though yon 
were a great Captain, yet you w|;re a little man ; but to-day I 
see you are big enough to lay him on the ground," 


When Robinson, their pastor at Leyden, heard of this en- 
counter, he wrote to the Church of Plymouth, " to consider 
the disposition of their captain, who was of a warm temper. 
He hoped that the Lord iiad sent him among them for good, 
if they used liini right ; but he doubted whether there was not 
wanting that tenderness of the \i[e of man, made after God's 
image, which was meet; and he tliought it would have been 
happy if they had converted some before they had killed any." 
Truly are these words a monument to the character of Robin- 
son, alike honorable and Christianlike. But consider the sit- 
uation of Standish. Upon his decisive action at this moment, 
we cannot but feel that depended much, not merely the pre- 
servation of the company to whose succor he had come, but 
the existence, perhaps, of the \vhole colony. Had they been 
successful in their designs here, elated by their recent victory, 
they would have made the settlement of Plymouth the next 
object for their depredations, and the lives ot the whole colo- 
ny would have fallen victims to their cruel barbarity. This 
was not distant from the foresight of the Captain. He struck 
a JTiighty blow, and by determined action in a time of doubt, 
dispelled the fears of his followers and sent terror upon the 
enemy. His action needs no apology. He acted but the part 
of a brave defender of his country, who feels that upon his 
own vigorous exertions the defence of the people depends. 
And, says his biographer, men of his profession will admire 
his courage, his promptitude and decision in the execution of 
his orders. No one has ever charged him either with failures 
in point of obedience, or of wantonly exceeding the limits of 
his commission. He is called by Prince, one of those heroes 
of antiquity " who chose to suffer affliction with the people of 
God; who through faith subdued kingdoms, wrought right- 
eousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, 
waxed valiant in fight, and 'turned to flight the armies of the 

The following cut is a copy of the signature of the Captain, 
which is written in rather a bolder style than he generally 
subscribed himself. 

He settled in Duxbury about 1631, in the southeastern part 
of the town, on the peninsula, from which arises the hill 


known to this day as the Captain's hill. Brewster was also a 
settler on this neck, and in the neighborhood of the Captain, 
whose honse was situated to the southeast of the hill, on a 
knoll, near the shore. The sea, it is said traditionally, once 
flowed .between this and Captain's hill, thus forming a neck, 
at the extremity of which was situated his house, which stood 
probably about thirty rods from the bank, although now it is 
not more than as many yards. The bank here has been con- 
tinually washing away, and since the beginning of the present 
century, thirty feet are known to have gone. And within the 
same period, there have been seen, about sixty feet from the 
present bank, two stumps of trees, each larger than a barrel. 
To the south of the house, where is now a salt flat, not many 
years ago were to be seen four acres of good corn, and was 
originally covered with a growth of hickory. This is the 
fact as given to me by Mr. Kent, who received it from Ezekiel 
Soule, Esq., who was informed of it by Mr. Ebenezer Bart- 
lett, who died in 17S1, aged 87 years, and who related it from 
his own experience. 

There is but little doubt, that at the time of the settlement 
of Standisli here, this whole peninsula, or nearly the whole of 
it, was one thick forest. Lentil a few years ago, there were 
standing in another part of the neck, Ave large sized and 
aged white-wood trees, which bore the appellation of " the 
Brewster trees," and situated near the Nook point. Primeval 
forest trees were also standing at other places until of late 
years. The point called " Eagle's Nest," without doubt took 
its name from circumstances which the name indicates, as the 
trees, a few j^ears ago standing here, continued to be a favorite 
place of these birds. The surface of the land in this vicinity 
is probably now two or more feet higher than it was two 
centuries ago, owing to the vast drifts of sand which have been 
here formed. 

Standish probably built his house about the time of his first 
coming to Duxbury, or about the year 1632. It was occupied 
by him until his death in 1656. His son Alexander then suc- 
ceeded to the estate, who it is said built an addition to it, in 
which he kept a store ; ajid in corroboration of this tradition^ 
it may not be known, that leaden weights have been found in 
the remains of this part of the building. A few years ago, 
when discoveries were first made liere by Mr. Kent, the found- 
ation stones were nearly in their original positions. The ce- 
ment employed was evidently ground clam-shells, and the 
roof was thatched. The outline of the house is now hardly 
distinguishable. We have a tradition that it was burned 
down — and this is substantiated by the evident traces of fire 
still to be seen — but at what time is not precisely known, 


though it has been supposed about the year 1C65. About 
twenty or more years ago Mr. Kent, then pastor of the church 
in the town, first opened the ground about the site. The first 
substance discovered was a quantity of barley, perfectly char- 
red, and apparently uiwrapped in a blanket. I'his was found 
in the east corner of the site, which was thought to he a 
small cellar. At the chimney in the new part were found the 
ashes, as perfectly fresh as though the fire had but just been 
extinguished, and here also was found a portion of an andiron, 
an iron pot, and other articles. In other parts of the ground 
there were discovered xi buccaneer gini-lock, a sickle, a ham- 
mer, a whetstone, a large hinge, a scythe-wedge, portions of 
stone jugs and other pieces of earthen ware; large quantities 
of glass, and some beads, some of which show the appearance 
of the action of great heat ; several buckles, and among others 
a sword-buckle; a brass kettle, a pair of scis.sors, a small glass 
phial, chisels and files, parts of pipes, and other articles of 
household use. There were also found a deer's horn, and a 
tomahawk of fine workmanship, possibly the veritable instru- 
ment of Hobomok. Here 1 may observe, that numerous im- 
plements of Indian manufacture have been ploughed up in 
various parts of the town, such as stone axes, tomahawks, 
arrow heads and gouges, generally all of perfect forni.* 

Some lew rods to the southwestward of the house, in a hol- 
low towards the shore, is situated Standisli's Spring. It has 
probably never been disturbed since the hero himself, more 
than two hundred years ago, first laid the stones around. Its 
water is clear and is with a white sandy bottom, and has never 
been known to have been dry. 

No stone marks the resting-place of his ashes, and \ve must 
seek in vain the place where reposes what was mortal of the 
immortal Standish. He was probably, however, buried on 
his farm, or perhaps in the old burying-ground in that vicinity 
at Harden hill. He thus alludes to his burial in his will : — 
" JMy will is. that out of my whole estate my funeral charges 
to be taken out, and my body to be hurried in a decent man- 
nar, and if I die in Duxburrow. my body to be layed as neare 
as conveniently may be to my two deare daughters, Lora 
Standish, my daughter, and Mary Standish, my daughter-in- 
law." There are, a short distance easterly from the site, two 
stones of considerable size, which are about six feet apart, and 
were thought to mark, perchance, the grave of some one of the 

* Many of these cariosities are in the cabinet of the Eev. Benjamin 
Kent, whose museum, at the ch>oe of his labors in Duxbury, contained 
upwards of four thousand specimens, collected by many years assiduous 
attention to the subject. ^ 


family. A few years ago investigations were made, but with- 
out affording any foundation for tlie supposition.* 

The landed possessions of Standish were extensive, and his 
estate at his death, for the times was considerably large, 
amounting to £35S 7^. His house and farm were valued at 
£140. Here are given some of the items of the inventory, 
chiefly for the purpose of showing the cpndition of the first 
settlers generally, as regards their domestic and household 
possessions. Two mares, two colls, one young horse, with 
equipments, two saddles, one pillion and one bridle. Four 
oxen, six cows, three heifers, one calf, eight sheep, two rams, 
one wether, and fourteen swine. Three muskets, four car- 
bines, two small guns, one fowhng piece, a sword, f a cutlass 
and three belts. His furniture : four bedsteads, one settle bed, 
five feather beds, three bolsters, three pillows, two blankets, 
one coverlid, four pair of sheets, one pair of fine sheets, and 
four napkins. One table and table-cloth, another table, one 
form chair, one common chair and four rugs. Pour iron pots, 
three brass kettles, a frying-pan, a skillet, a kneading-trough, 
two pails, two trays, one dozen trenchers or wooden plates, 

* Their peculiar shape, thoiifrh evidently in their rou^J:h state, and the 
fact that their position to each other was exactly east and viesl, induced 
some persons to dig between thenn, in hopes of making a discovery. Exca- 
vations were accordingly made to the depth of eight feet, without, however, 
any success. In a hiographical sketch of the Author, appended to Captain 
Samuel Delano's A'oyages, and written in 1817, it is stated, in speaking of 
Capt. Standish, " Here he died ; and some aged people in the close of the 
last century pointed out the spot where he was buried." 

An antiquarian friend, whose researches in Duxbury commenced about 
ten years after the writing of the above sketch, and who, as he has inform- 
ed me, in his conversations with the 0<*togenarians of that day, always es- 
pecially inquired relative to the burial-places of the first Pilgrims, tells me, 
that he could neither find the slightest confirmation of the statement above, 
in the language of those who were, at the time specified in the account 
living in their prime ; nor moreover in the testimonies of such aged persons 
as also had manifested in their early days a desire to be informed by their 
elders on the same point, was there anything in its nature that could in the 
least degree substantiate the belief. 

As to the credit, which that sketch is entitled to in this respect, we can- 
not, of course, judge, as it is indefinitely chargeable to " A Friend of Capt. 

f His identical sword is said to be in the cabinet of the Pilgrim Soci- 
ety. His coat of mail has been seen by a descendant now living, but at 
that time was in such a state of decomposition as to crumble into pieces at 
the touch. He left a library, valued at .£"10 19s., and among the volumes 
were " (^esers Comentarys " and " Bariffe's Artillery," and several histo- 
ries. There is, in the possession of the Massachusetts Historical Society, 
another sword, which is also said to have belonged to Standish ; but the 
history of the one at Plymouth is said to be established, without a doubt. 
Il^as in the possession of his son, Cajjt. Josiah Standish. See Miss Caul- 
kin's History of Norwich. 


one bowl and a churn. Two spinning-wheels, one pair steel- 
yards, a warming-pan, three beer casks and a malt mill ; and 
personal apparel to the value of £10. 

Regarding his landed property in England, for the recovery 
of which, measures have been taken during tlie last few years, 
but wdiich was never enjoyed by Standish himself, we find 
the following clause in his will : " I give unto my son and 
lieir apparent, Alexander Standish, all my lands as heir appa- 
rent by lawful descent in Ormistick Bousconge, Wrightington 
Maudsley Newburrow Cranston and in the isle of Man, and 
given to mee as right heire by lav/ful descent, but surrepti- 
tiously detained from mee my great grandfather being a second 
or younger brother from the house of Standish of Standish." 

Alden. As he was the youngest * of the Pilgrims, who 
engaged in their government, so did he attain the greatest age, 
surpassing the allotted length of life on earth, and sustaining 
to the last that high rank in the councils of the colony, to 
which he was repeatedly elevated. 

. While yet very young, he fearlessly joined the followers of 
Clifton and Robinson, and voluntarily gave himself up to the 
persecutions and trials of a dissenting church. Suflering in 
common with his companions the edicts of the Star-chamber, 
he accompanied them on their pilgrimage to Amsterdam and 
Leyden, and afterwards formed one of the first company who, 
arriving on tlie bleak and inhospitable shores of New England 
in the dead of winter, laid the foundation of a future republic. 
On the landing of the company from the shallop, December 
21st, 1620, it is said traditionally, that there was a rivalship 
between Mr. Alden and a lady,f as to the first landing on New 
England ground. "No investigation," says Dr. Thacher, 
" can now decide the claim, be it more or less important to 
those concerned. The name of John Alden does not occur in 
the list of those who landed from the shallop on the 11th of 
December [O. S.], and it is not supposable that a lady would 
subject herself to such hazard and inconvenience; besides, 
such an exploit in a female must have been considered as de- 

* The ages of the principal men of the colony, only, are known. On 
their arrival in 1620, Carver was probably the oldest ; Brewster was 56 ; 
Standish 36 ; Bradford 32; Allerton 31 ; Howland 28; Winslow 26, and 
Alden 21. Robinson, the Leyden pastor, was at this time 45 years of age. 

f This was Mary Chilton. Among those who came in the Mayflower, 
were James Chilton (who died Dec. 8, 1621), his wife (who also died dur- 
ing the first winter), and a daughter Mary. She married John Winslow 
before 1627, and removed to Boston in 1657, where she died in 1679. His 
daughter Susannah married Robert Latham, and had two children, James 
and Chilton, and their descendants are in Bridgewater, and those of Mr. 
Winslow are in Boston. The tradition is in both families. [S. Davis, Esq. 


serving particular record at the time. The tradition, which 
renders the fact questionable, must have reference to the boats 
which landed the families after the xMayllowcr arrived in Ply- 
mouth harbor. The point of precedence must, however, re- 
main undecided, since the closest investigation discloses no 
authority for the tradition, nor a shadow of evidence in favor 
of any individual, as being the first who landed." 

We are disposed, however, (says Mr. Davis,) to generalize 
the anecdote. The first generation doubtless knew \vho came 
on shore in the first boats ; the second generation related it 
with less identity; the third and fourth with still less; like 
the stone thrown into the calm lake, the circles, well defined 
at first, become fainter as they recede. For the purposes of 
the arts, howev-er, a female figure, typical of faith, hope and 
charity, is well adapted." The case, of however great inter- 
est to their descendants of the present day may be its deci- 
sion, is nevertheless doomed to an everlasting uncertainty ; 
and on this account, says Judge Davis, it is not only grateful, 
but allowable to indulge the imagination, and we expect from 
the friends of John Alden, that they should give place to the 

In the division of the company (Dec. 23, 1620.) into nine- 
teen families, Mr. Alden was assigned a place in the family of 
Captain Standish, and of his family continued a member until 
his marriage, which occurred in the early part of 1621. The 
circumstances connected with it are doubtless well known to 
my readers, yet still it would be hardly allowable to omit 
them here. Thus runs the tradition: — "In a very short 
time after the decease of Mrs. Standish, the Captain was led 
to suppose, that, if he could procure the hand of the lovely 
Miss Mullins, the breach in his family would be happily re- 
stored. This lady was the daughter of Mr. William .Mullins, 
one of the first comers, and a worthy man. Captain Standish, 
therefore, according to the manner of his times, sent to ask of 
the father permission to visit his daughter.* The person 
chosen by the Captain to perform this delicate embassy, was 
Mr. Alden, then an inmate of his family, and who, though a 
Pilgrim, was young and comely. He went, and faithfully 
communicated the wishes of the Captain. The old gentleman 
did not object, as he might have done on account of the recen- 
cy of the Captain's bereavement : but readily gave his consent, 
stating, however, that the young lady must first be consulted. 

* This was laid down at a later period, as one of the laws of the colony, 
when it was ordered, tliat if any man make a niolidn of nrarria<ie lo anollier 
man's daui^hter or maid, wirhout first ohiainiiig leave of her parents or mas- 
ter, he shall he punished hy fine, not exceedinsj five pounds, or corporal 
punishment, or both, at the discretion of the bench, accordinji; to the nature 
of the offence. Col. Rer, 


The damsel having been called into the apartment, Mr. Alden, 
who is said to have been of a most excellent form, and of a 
fair and ruddy complexion, arose, and, in a courteous and 
prepossessing manner, delivered his errand. The young lady 
listened with respectful attention, and at last, after considera- 
ble pause, fixing her eyes on him, replied with perfect naivete, 
" Prithee, John, why do you not speak for yourself?" He 
blushed, and bowed, and took his leave, but with a look which 
indicated more than his diffidence would permit him otherwise 
to express. Suffice it to say, however, that he soon renewed 
his visit, and it was not long before their nuptials were cele- 
brated in ample form.* Wliat report he made to his constitu- 
ent after the first interview, tradition does not unfold. 

It is said that the Captain never forgave his friend Alden to 
the day of his death. But as he was soon after united to an- 
other lady of his choice, we must think that this account of 
his lasting jealousy is exaggerated. Their long connection in 
the administration of the government, the intermarriage of 
their children, and their close commiuiion in the same church, 
serve to convmce us that none other than perfect friendship 
existed between them ; and we are much more inclined to 
think, that the good humor of the Captain turned upon that 
circumstance not unfrequently with feelings far otherwise, and 
that congratulations for his success were extended to his more 
comely rival. 

In 1626 he engaged with Standish, Brewster, Rowland and 
others of the principal men of the colony, to pay their debts, 
contracted in England, and otherwise to prevent the ruin of 
the colony by want of credit; and during the following year 
bargained with the people for a consignment of the trade to 
them, promising to free them from the payment of the colo- 
ny's debts. 

In 16.31 he removed to Duxbury, and settled on the land which 
had been granted him on'the south side of Blue-fish river. He 
built his house on a rise of land, near Eagle-tree pond,t and 
the site is still identified to the eastward of the present build- 
ing, near the dike; and here was his well, which long since 
having been filled up, it is now with difficulty that its precise 

* On proceeding to the nuptials, it is said that he covered his bull with a 
handsome piece of broadcloth, and rode on his back; but on the return he 
seated his bride upon the animal, and walked by her side, leading tlie bull 
by a rope fixed in his nose ring. 

f The several oak trees in the region of this pond were formerly a favor- 
ite resorting place for eagles, and even to the present day occasionally one 
is there seen. Mr. Alden, it is said, planted the first orchard. The pear 
tree, lately standing in full vigor, was probably planted by the pilgrim, 
though perhaps by Jonathan, his son, and was considered a very old tree 
ninety years ago. 



situation is found. The second house stood a little further to 
the westward ; and the present house, which was erected by 
his grandson, Col. John Alden, stands srill further towards the 
west, which is now occupied by a descendant of the sixth 
generation. The farm, which has been in the possession of 
the family from the first settlement, is one of the best in tlie 
town. The original grant to Mr. Alden contained over 169 

In 1633, he was chosen a member of the Board of Assist- 
ants to the Governor, and of this body he continued, with few 
interruptions, to the time of his death. In 164U, however, 
and for the ten succeeding years, he was not of that number, 
being most of that time a deputy from Duxbury. In 1666, he 
was the first on the Board of Assistants ; and through the re- 
mainder of his life he continued of that rank, and was frequently 
styled the Deputy Governor, and on him devolved tlie duty of 
presiding in the absence of the Governor, and on these occa- 
sions he ruled with dignity and perseverance. Holding offices 
of the highest trust, no important measure was proposed, or 
any responsible agency ordered, in which he had not a part. 
He was often one of the council of war, many times an arbi- 
trator ; a surveyor of lands for the government as well as for 
individuals, and on several important occasions was authorized 
to act as agent or attorney for the colony. He was clioscn 
teasurer in 1656, and held that office for three successive 

In these times of our ancestors, the honors of a public trust 
were not so alluring, as their duties and expenses were formi- 
dable, and it was perhaps on account of a reluctance of the 
worthies to accept these public appointments, that the Court 
was led to pass, at a somewhat earlier period, the following 
acts: — "January, 1627. It was enacted by the public con- 
sent of the freemen of this society of New Plymoutli, that if 
now or hereafter any were elected to the ofllce of Governor, 
and would not stand to the election, nor hold and execute the 
office for his year, that then he be amerced in twenty pounds 
sterling fine ; and in case refused to be paid on lawful demand 
of the ensuing Governor, then to be levied out of the goods 
and chattels of the said person refusing. It was further or- 
dered and decreed, that if any were elected to the olfice of 
Council and refuse to hold the place, that then he be amerc- 
ed in ten pounds sterling fine ; and in case refused to be paid, 
to be forth witli levied. Also, that in case one and the same 
person should be elected Governor a second year, liaving held 
the place the J'oregoing, it should be lawful lor liiin to refuse, 
without any amercement, and the company to proceed to a 
new election, except they can prevail with him by entreaty." 
The salary of the magistrates was in the beginning very tri- 


fling, and it was not until a late period that any considerable 
recompense was allowed them. In 1665, it was ordered, that 
the old magistrates should receive £20 for their services per 
annum, and the charge of their table be defrayed, and those 
newly elected to have the charge of their table only ; but in 
] 667, all the Assistants were allowed £50 per annum. Mr. 
Alden's constant employment in the government, little time 
being afforded him for attending to his own private affairs, so 
reduced his estate, that it came under the notice of the Court, 
who were conscious of his valuable services, and well knew 
their loss, should he be obliged to resign his labors ; and took 
immediate action, as appears by the following record : " In 
regard that Mr. Alden is low in his estate, and occationed to 
spend time att the Courts on the Contreyes occations, and soe 
hath done this many yeares; the Court have alowed him a 
small gratuity the sume of ten pounds to bee payed by the 
treasurer." — Col. Records. 

He was possessed of a sound judgment, and of talents, which 
though not brilliant, were by no means ordinary and disputa- 
bl-e. The writers who mention him, bear ample testimony to 
his industry, integrity and exemplary piety, and he has been 
represented as a worthy and useful man, of great humility, and 
eminent for the sanctity of his life. He was decided, ardent, 
resolute and persevering, indifferent to danger, a bold and 
hardy man ; stern and austere and unyielding, of exemplary 
piety and of incorruptible integrity, an iron-nerved puritan, 
who could hew down forests and liv^ on crumbs. 

He was a puritan^ both in theory and practice ; and a pro- 
fessed disciple of .lesus Christ, he lived in accordance with his 
profession. He was a meek, humble, sincere, pious and faith- 
ful follower of the blessed Redeemer, and his end was peace 
and triumph. The object which in his youthful days he anx- 
iously sought, was fully attained. He came to the howling 
Avilds of America, to enjoy the sweets of religion, pure and 
undefiled. Like the saints of old, he was willing to endure 
hardships with the people of God, while he might be instru- 
mental in extending the kingdom of Immanuel, and looking 
to a better and an eternal state of existence for the reward of 
grace. He was unmolested in the exercise of the rights of 
conscience and in the worship of the Most High. In addition 
to his spiritual blessings, he was crowned with that compe- 
tence, which is vital to content, with an uncommon length of 
days, and with a goodly number of children, all of whom de- 
lighted in the ordinances of God, and finally left that good 
name in the world, which is better than precious ointment. 
He was always a firm supporter of the clergy and the chiu'ch, 
and eveything of an innovating nature received his determined 


Though in his earher days he was possessed of an abundant 
property, and held a liigli place among the first settlers in that 
respect, yet at his death he only left an estate of about £50 
sterling. He at one time owned land on the North river in 
Bridgewater, which he afterwards gave to his son Joseph. 
He also had land at Taunton. His farm in Duxbury he gave 
to his son Jonathan before he died. In 1637, he had an addi- 
tion made to his farm, of a small hill or JvnoU on the northerly 
side of the river Bkie-fish, "in lue of a pcell of land taken 
from him (next unto Samuel Nashes land) for publicke use." 
Old Col. Rcc. In 1657, the Court ordered him to look out 
and obtain land for his sons, and present it to them for their 
approval. In 1659, he had a grant of some of the commons 
in Duxburj'-. In 1661, he purchased a neck of land at Monn- 
mct. In the latter part of his life he divided his property 
among his children, and lived with his son Jonathan. 

He died at Duxbury, September 12, 1686, at the advanced 
age of 87 years. He was, at the time of liis death, the last 
surviving signer* of that original compact of government, 
signed in the cabin of the Mayflower, at Cape Cod, November, 
1620 — the last of the first exiled pilgrims. In his last sick- 
ness he was patient and resigned, fully believing that God, 
who had imparted to him tlie love of excellence, would perfect 
the work which he had begun, and would render him com- 
pletely holy in heaven. — Aldeii's Epilaj)lis^ Alloi's Biogra- 
yhy. Prince's Chronology^ Belknajis and Bradford' s Biog. 

The following Elegy, supposed to have been written by the 
Rev. Jolm Cotton, of Plymoutli, though it has before appeared, 
is still deserving of a record here, not on account of any merit 
of the style, but for its pure and licalthy tone. 

" The staff of bread, and water eke the stay, 
From sinning Judah God will take away 
The prudent counsellor, the honorable, 
Whom grace and holiness make delectable, 
The Judge, the prophet, and the ancient saint ; 
The death of such cause sorrowful complaint. 
The earth and its inhabitants do fall, 
The aged saint bears up its pillars all. 
The hoary head in way of righteousness 
A crown of glory is. Who can express 
Th' abundant blessings by disciples old ! 
In every deed they 're more than can be told. 

* The last surviving passenger of the Mayflower, was Mary, daughter of 
Mr. Isaac Allerton, and wife of Elder Thomas, son of Robert Cushman. 
She died, aged about 00, in WM. 


The guise 'tis of a wanton generation 

To wish the aged soon might quit their station. 

Though truth it be, the Lord, our God, does frown, 

When aged saints by death do tumble down. 

What, though there be not such activity, 

Yet in their prayers there's such fervency, 

As doth great mercy for a place obtain, 

And gracious presence of the Lord maintain. 

Though Nature's strength in old age doth decay. 

Yet the inward man renew'd his day by day. 

The very presence of a Saint in years, 

Who lifts his soul to God with pray'rs and tears, 

Is a rich blessing unto any place. 

Who have that mercy to behold his face. 

When sin is ripe and calls for desolation, 

God will call home old saints from such a nation. 

Let sinners then of th' aged weary be, 

God give me grace to mourn most heartily 

For death of this dear servant of the Lord, 

Whose life God did to us so long aftbrd. 

God lent his life to greater length of days, 

Li which he lived to his Redeemer's praise. 

In youthful time he made Moses his choice, 

His soul obeying great Jehovah's voice, 

Freely forsook the world for sake of God, 

In his house with his saints to have abode. 

He followed God into this wilderness, 

Thereby to all the world he did profess, 

Affliction with his Saints a better part, 

And more delightful to his holy heart, 

Than sinful pleasures, lasting but a season. 

Thus said his faith, so saith his carnal reason. 

He came one of the first into this land, 

And here was kept by God's most gracious hand 

Years sixty-seven, which time he did behold, 

To poor New England's mercies manifold, 

All God's great works, to this his Israel, 

From first implanting that to them befell ; 

Of them he made a serious observation, 

And could of them present a large narration. 

His walk was holy, humble and sincere. 

His heart was filled with Jehovah's fear. 

He honored God with much integrity, 

God therefore did him truly magnify. 

The hearts of saints entirely did him love. 

His uprightness so highly did approve, 


That whilst to choose they had their liberty, 
Within the limits of this Colony, 
Their civil leader him they ever chose. 
His faithfulness made hearts with him to close. 
With all the Governors he did assist ; 
His name recorded is within the list 
Of Plymouth's pillars to his dying day. 
His name is precious to eternal ay. 
, lie set his love on God and knew his name, 

God therefore gives him everlasting fame. 
So good and heavenly was his conversation, 
God gave long life, and show'd him his salvation. 

His work now finished upon this earth. 
Seeing the death of what he saw the birth, 
His gracious Lord from Heaven calls him home. 
And saiih, my servant, now to Heaven come ; 
Thou hast done good, been faithful unto me, 
Now shalt thou live in bliss eternally. 
On dying bed his ails were very great. 
Yet verily his heart on God was set. 
He bore his griefs with faith and patience. 
And did maintain his lively confidence. 
Saying to some the work which God begun, 
lie would preserve to its perfection. 
His mouth was full of blessings till his death 
To ministers and Christians all ; his breath 
Was very sweet by many a precious word, 
He uttered from the spirit of his Lord. 
He lived in Christ, in Jesus now he sleeps, 
And his blest soul the Lord in safety keeps. 

John Alden. ANAGRAM. End al on hi. 

Death puts an end to all this world enjoys. 
And frees the saint from all that here annoys. 
This blessed saint has seen an end of all 
Worldly perfections. Now his Lord doth call 
Him to ascend from earth to Heaven high. 
Where he is blest to all eternity. 
Who walks with God as he, shall so be blest, 
And evermore in Christ his arms shall rest. 

Lord, spare thy remnant, do not us forsake. 
From us do not this holy Spirit take. 
Thy cause, thy interest in this land still own. 
Thy gracious presence ay let be our crown. 

J. C 


His bible, in the cabinet of the Pilgrim Society, bears this 
imprint: ''Imprinted at London by Robert Barker, printer to 
the King's most excellent Majesty. Anno Dom. 1620. Cum 
Priuiligio." The text is in the Old English characters. 

The autograph of Mr. Alden is exceedingly rare, consider- 
ing his position in the colony, and the number of times he pro- 
bably must have written his name in official capacities. His 
style in his younger days was more open and bolder than 
when he became further advanced in years. 

The signature here given, is from a deed bearing date IGTO, 
which was acknowledged before him, as one of the Assistants. 

HowLAND. The descendants of this pilgrim are numerous, 
and very respectable. He was a member of Governor Car- 
ver's family, whose daughter, Elizabeth, he married. He 
removed to Duxbury at an early date ; but continued in the 
town for a {q\^ years only, having had grants of land in that 
vicinity, a large tract at Island creek pond, and also two small 
islands at Green's harbor, viz.. Spectacle and Ann islands; 
and afterwards removed to Plymouth, where the site of his 
house is identified in Summer street; and then he next re- 
moved to Rocky Nook, in Kingston, before 166.5, when he 
petitioned for a way to his house ; and there he died, February 
22d, 1672, aged 80 years. He was one of thejeading men in 
the colony, and a partaker of their hazardous undertakings, 
and eminent for his devotions to its interests both in civil and 
religious matters. He was for many years a deputy from 
Plymouth, and likewise an Assistant during the greater part 
of his long and valuable life. In speaking of his death, the 
Old Colony Records speak of him as " a godly man, and an 
ancient professor of the ways of Christ; one of the first com- 
ers, and proved a useful instrument of good in his place, and 
was the last male survivor of those who came over in the 
Mayflower in 1620, and whose place of abode was Plymouth." 
He was honorably interred at Plymouth, where his remains 
rested for upwards of a century without a stone, until a few 
years ago a suitable gravestone was placed over them by his 
descendant in the fifth generation, Hon. John Howland, Presi- 
dent of the Rhode Island Historical Society. 

The same may be said in regard to his autograph, as of 
Mr. Alden's. The following is a copy of the only one, that 
the author has as yet seen. It was written but a year or 


two previous to his death, and in his old age, whicli may ac- 
count for the error in spelhng, wliich will bo noticed. 

The following account of a mishap, which befell him on the 
voyage hither, is found in a fragment of (Jov. Bradford's MS. 
History, recently discovered [isew Eng. Hist. Geneal. Keg. H. 
187.J : — " In a mighty storm, John Howland, a Passenger, a 
stout young man, by a keel of y^ ship was thrown into y® sea. 
But it pleased God, He caught hold of y^ Topsail Halliards 
w*^ hung ov^erboard and run out y length : yet He kept his 
hold, tho several Fathoms under water, till He was drawn up 
by y^ same Rope to y« surface, & by a Boat Hook & oth' means 
got into y^ ship: & tho somew' ill upon it liv'd many years 
& became a usefull member both in Church & Comon wealth." 

Francis Eaton, another passenger of the IMayflower, was 
also one of the lirst settlers of Duxbury. His autograph is 
copied from an original in the Colony records. 

George Soule. This ancestor of a numerous family, was 
one of Governor Winslow's family on their arrival, and early 
settled near Eel river; but, in 1G37, we find that "'a garden 
place is graunted to Georg Soule on Ducksburrow side by 
Samuel Nashes to lye to his ground at Powder point," and 
here he soon settled. Though not a man distinguished in the 
government of the colony, yet he was of essential service in 
his town, oftentimes representing it in the Court of Deputies, 
and holding other ollices, to wliich he could not have been 
elevated, had he not been a man of integrity and probity. 

The children of all the preceding, with the exception of 
those of Howland and Brown, remained in the town; and of 
the others, the name of Eaton has now become extinct in the 
town, and that of Standish also. 

Of the twenty-seven heads of families, who arrived in the 
ship Fortune in 1(321. these became at some future time pro- 
prietors of land in Duxbury: Robert Hicks, Tliomas Prence, 
Moses Simmons, Philip Delano, Edward Bumpus, William 
Palmer, .Tonathan Brewster, Thomas Morion and William 
Basset. Simmons and Delano became permanent residents in 
the town ; and here most of their descendants have resided. 



Simmons, or Moyses Symonson, as he was called, received a 
grant of forty acres at Duxbury in 163S-9, where he settled, 
and from him have sprung a numerous posterity. 

Delano. His name was originally spelled De-la-Noye, and 
he is said to have been a French protestant, who joined the 
church at Leyden. He was aged nineteen years on his arri- 
val ; was admitted a freeman January 1st, 1632, and early 
removed to Duxbury, and settled a little north or northwest 
of Alden, on the north side of Stoney or Mill brook, below the 
site of the late tack factory. His farm was confirmed to him 
in 1637, extending from the marsh at the farther end of the 
town on the north, to Alden's on the south, and from Bum- 
pus' land on the west, to the sea at the east, comprising about 
forty acres. He was a man of much respectability, and em- 
ployed in surveying lands, and was often one of the grand 
inquest of the colony. — Vide Geneal. Registers. 

The earliest physician of the town was, it is believed. 
Comfort Starr, who came from Ashford, Kent, England, to 
Cambridge in 1633, and then removed to Duxbury, and 
bought a house of Jona. Brewster, and received a large grant 
of 120 acres between the North and South Rivers in 163S, — 
was admitted a freeman in 1639 ; but finally removed to Bos- 
ton, where he died January 2, 1659. 

The autograph below given, is a copy of his signature to 
his will. 

Samuel Seabury, probably the next in the town, came from 
Boston and settled in Duxbury before 1660, and was a 
worthy man, and employed in the business of the town for a 
number of years. He died in 1681, bequeathing " his surjean 
bookes and instruments " to his son Samuel, who succeeded 
him as the physician, and was likewise a prominent man in 
the town, serving as their treasurer and representative, and 
also a principal member of the church, and an ensign of the 



WiLLUM CoLLiEK. He was one of the merchant adventur- 
ers in England, and a wealthy merchant, and quite early came 
to Plymouth, and soon removed to Duxbury and settled in the 
southeastern part, near tStandish and Brewster. He also had 
land west of North hill (granted 1635), and a tract called Bil- 
lingsgate. He was an enterprising man, and engaged much 
in business, and during most of his life employed in the gov- 
ernment of the colony, as Assistant and otherwise. In 1058, 
" The Court ordered a servant to him, because he can not easily 
come to public business, being aged and having much private 
business." He died in 1671 at an advanced age. 

A\ iLLiAM Maycumber, a cooper, who appears in Duxburj'' as 
early as 1638, having had that year a grant of an island of 
three or four acres north of Powder point, was allowed to set- 
tle, '• if the comitees of Duxburrow do consent," and in the 
same year we find liberty granted him " to fetch tymber to 
make Hoopes of, for vessells for the Colonies use at Clarks 
Hand &Sagaquash;" and in 1640, he was granted the '• wood 
fitt for coopery growing upon Wood Island, to be used by him 
so long as he follovveth his trade, and forbidding all others to 
ciitt any there, except for the loading of boats and vessells to 
carry away the hey." 

Richard Church. This person, a carpenter, was at an 
early date in Duxbury. We find him at Eel river and Ply- 
month until about 1649, when he appears soon after at East- 
ham ; and then of Charlestown in 1653, when he bought land 
in Hingham of Thomas Joye of Boston. [Sutlblk Deeds] 
whither he removed, and, it is believed, continued during the 
rejnainder of his life. His death occurred at Dedham, Dec. 
27th, 166S, though he was buried at Hingham, where his will 
is dated. — Hist. Bridgewatcr. 

Ralph Chapman, a ship carpenter, was in Duxbury as early 
as 1640, when he had a grant of four acres at Stoney brook, 
and also more to the north towards Green harbor. In 1645 
he bought a ferry privilege at New Harbor marshes of Robert 
Barker, and soon after petitioned the Court to excuse him, " as 
it would bring him to extreme poverty," Avhich lliey did, "ex- 
cept on special occasions, as bringing over the magistrates who 
dwell there." 

William Basset, or Bassite, a passenger of the second ship, 
the Fortune, removed to Duxbury before 1639. He had two 
in his family on his arrival in 1621. In 1640, he received a 
large grant of 100 acres at Beaver pond, and was a very large 
land owner. He left at his death a valuable library. He was 
one of the early deputies of the town, and a man of some note 
in the colony. 


William Pabodie, a man of considerable note in the earlier 
days of the town, was the son of John Pay body (as his name 
was spelled). He was much employed in the affairs of the 
town, and often engaged in the colony government. He was 
admitted a freeman of the colony in 1650, and frequently was 
one of the Court of Deputies from Duxbury ; and sometimes 
appeared before the same, as an attorney for individuals, as 
well as for the town. 

He removed to Little Compton about 1684, where he was 
selectman and an Associate of the colony. He was also town 
clerk of Duxbury, and was possessed of considerable landed 

George Partridge. His name is spelled Partrich, Partick, 
and Patrick. He was one of the most respectable yeomanry 
of the colony, and came from the county of Kent, England, 
about 1636, where he was possessed of an estate, which he 
mentions in his will. In the same year he received a grant at 
Powder point, and received permission from the Court to settle 
there, and to build. The next year he was allowed 20 acres at 
Green harbor path, and in the following year 30 at Island 
creek, and at the same place, in 1666, a lot of 40 more ; and 
50 acres at Mile brook, which he sold to Thomas King. Jr.. of 
Scituate. in 1668. He was not admitted a freeman until 1646, 
and it is not known what relation he was, if any, to Rev. 
Ralph Partridge. His will, witnessed by Alexander and Josi- 
ah Standish, is dated June 26, 1682, and an inventory of his 
estate (£86 7.) was taken Oct. 10, 1695 ; so that his death 
was between these dates. His descendants have not been 

Henry Sampson. This ancestor of a very numerous and 
respectable family is said to have come over in the Mayflower, 
and on their arrival, being quite young, was not a signer of 
their compact. He was adniitted^a freeman 1637, and early 
removed to Duxbury, — had a large family, and was allowed 
in 1667 to look for land for them. 

Abraham Sampson was of Duxbury in 1640, and lived at 
Bluefish river ; and admitted a freeman in 1654. He is not 
known to have been any relation to Henry, though he may 
have been a brother. His conduct was not always in strict 
accordance with the sentiments of the magistrates, and on 
several occasions he incurred their censure. 


Constant Southworth, a son of iMrs. South worth, (the 
daughter of Mr. Carpenter.) who came from England in 1623, 
and had two sons, Constant, and Thomas,* and who soon 
after married Governor Bradford. Constant was admitted a 
freeman in 1637, and in 1640 received a grant of 50 acres at 
North river. He was for many years a Deputy from Duxbu- 
ry, and often employed more immediately in the government 
of the colony — having luild, from 1659 to 1678 the oflice of 
treasurer, often an Assistant, and acting as Commissary-Cen- 
eral in Philip's war. He owned land east of Nortli liill, and at 
Hound's ditch, which he sold to Roger Glass ; and in 1657 he 
bought land at Namasakeeset. 

It was narrated traditionally by Mr. Edward Southworth, a 
direct descendant of Constant, and who died in 1833, aged 86 
years, that his house in Duxbnry was burned down by the 
carelessness of his negro, who unintentionally set it on fire 
with a candle, when he returned home late in the evening; 
and '• that Mr. Southworth was County Registrar, and all tlie 
records were burned therein." But it happens that the colony 
was not divided into counties imtil some years after Mr. South- 
worth's death. The tradition may perhaps admit of the in- 
terpretation, that he was the town-clerk of Duxbury ; and, if 
so, here must have been destroyed the missing records of the 
town, and the accident would have happened about 1665. 
This, however, is wholly conjectural, although it may appear 
to have far greater affinity to the truth than either of the other 

* " lie was a man eminent for the soundness of his mind and tlie piety 
of his heart." He early attracted the attention and won the respect of llie 
people, and on the death of Elder Brewster, was selected to succeed him in 
that office ; hut Gov. Bradford, thinking that he would be of greater ser- 
vice in the civil affairs of the colony, the design was abandoned. An As- 
sistant as early as 1052, he continued in that oflice. with few interruptions, 
until his deatii. He was a Com^iissioner of the United colonics in 1059, 
and three years after, and in 1004, Governor of the colony's territories at 
Kennebeck. He married his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Rev. John 
Ilayner of Plymouth ; and their only child, Elizabeth, married Lt. Joseph 
Howiand. He died 8th December, 1009, and his death is thus mentioned 
in the Colony Records : — " Capt. Thomas Southworth changed this life 
for a better, being then about th&^a^e of fifty-three years ; who was a magis- 
trate of this jurisdiction, and otherwise a good benefactor to both Church 
and Comonvvcalth ; and that which is more than all hath bine named, hee 
was a very godly man, and soe lived and died full of faith and comfort, 
being mncii lamented by all of all sects and condctions of people within our 
jurisdiction of New Plymouth." 


statements. Mr. Sonthworth, also, was such a man as they 
would have been most likely to have selected for that office. 

Alexander Standish, a son of the renowned Captain, was 
admitted to the freedom of the colony in 1648 ; and was often 
the town's deputy at Plymouth, and was one of its first clerks. 
He inherited the homestead, and also possessed land in the 
neighborhood of John Alden's, at the Eagle Trees. 



He was the chief heir of his father's estate. In his own will 
appears the following clause : " Also my will is, that whatso- 
ever estate either in New England or in Old, which I have 
committed unto y^ hands of Robert Orchard to recover in 
England, by letters of attorney from under my hand and seal, 
and John Rogers of Boston in New England, by a letter of 
atfoney from under my hand and seal, be recovered after my 
decease, my will is that my wife have her third part, and 
y^ remainder to be divided equally between Thomas Standish, 
Ichabod Standish, and Desire Standish." He appointed his 
son Miles, executor of this will, which was dated July 5, 1702, 
and proved August 10. 1702. His estate amounted to over 

Christopher Wadsworth, or, as it is early spelled, " Xxofer 
Waddesworth." He was one of the earliest settlers, and the 
first constable of the town, an office, at that time, to which 
none but the most faithful and honest were elevated. Also a 
deputy and selectman ; and a perusal of the records will at 
once assure us of his worth and respectability, whicli his de- 
scendants of every generation have well retained ; and no fam- 
ily of the town presents a greater array of honored men, — 
men who have been distinguished in the civil and religious 
government of their native town, who have held a high rank 
in the literary institutions of New England, and whose names 
stand with honor on the muster-rolls of the Revolution. 

He had land, in 1638, at Holly swamp: and, in 1655, 
bought land of John Starr, as also of Job Cole. He dwelt in 
the southeastern part of tlie town, in the same vicinity where 
his descendants reside at the present day. 

Edmund Weston. This enterprising ancestor of an enter- 
prising family, having served an apprenticeship with John 
Winslow and Nathaniel Thomas, entered into partnership 
with John Carew, for planting and farming, in 1639 ; and in 


1640 had a grant of four acres at Stoney brook, and'a tract of 
land towards Green harbor. His descendants liave been nu- 
merous, and most of them have resided within the town. 

For notices of others of the settlers, the reader is referred to 
the Genealogical Register, at the close of this volume. 

The earliest residents were for the most part respectable, 
and some of them possessed of considerable property. The 
following list, containing, in part, the names of those in the 
colony who were taxed by order of the Court, March, 1633, 
will show the comparative wealth of some of them. 

Mr. Wm. Collier, J 

Mr. Edw. Winslow, (M.) 
William Basset, 
Elder William Brewster, 
Mr. Jonathan Brewster, 
Gov. William Bradford, 
Richard Church, 
Mr. .John Alden, 
Mr. John Howland, 
Capt. Standish, 
Francis Sprague, 
Experience Mitchell, 

Their habitations were chiefly paUsadocs^ or fortified cot- 
tages, and in some instances the gambrel-roofed houses, gene- 
rally containing one large room, a bed-chamber and kitchen on 
the lower floor, with two large and two small chambers above 
and sometimes an attic above all. The style of building 
which we sometimes see in ancient houses, that of a high 
front with the roof behind reaching nearly to the ground, was 
then frequently employed, though this seems to have been the 
prevailing style of a somewhat later period. The one-story 
additions, now so generally adjoined to the main house, were 
then scarcely known. Barns were very iew in inmiber, and 
their places were supplied by less substantial sheds and other 
temporary buildings. Their stock of cattle Avas generally 
abundant, usually consisting of one or more horses, with oxen, 
cows, sheep and swine. Several orchards were planted at an 
early date by the settlers. 

Some of them owned slaves^ which was not uncommon, and 
even to a comparatively late period. Samuel Seabury, who 



Philip Delano, 




Francis Weston, (West?) 



Christopher Wadsworlh, 



George Soiile, 



Robert Bartlett, (Ply.) 



Francis Eaton, 



Roger Chandler, 



Samuel Nash, 



INIoses Symons, 



Henry Howland, 



Edw. Bumpasse, 



Samuel Chandler, 



died in 1681, mentions in his will his negro servants, Nimrod, 
who was to be sold, and Jane, whom he gave to his wife. 
Other instances can be named.* 


In early days, the only schoolmasters were the clergy of the 
towns, who exercised this office in many instances in addition 
to the arduons duties of their peculiar avocation. Youths 
were received into their families to receive a preparation tor 
college, and over the whole body of the younger portion of the 
inhabitants they extended their care. 

In 1663, during the administration of Gov. Prence, who, it 
is known, was a distinguished patron of learning, the follow- 
ing order was passed the Court : — It is proposed by the Court 
unto the several townships in this jurisdiction, as a thing that 
they ought to take into their serious consideration, that some 
course may be taken, that in every town there may be a school 
master set up, to train up children in reading and writing. 
And, in 1670, the "Court did freely give and grant all such 
profits as might and should accrue annually to the colony, for 
fishing with net or seines at Cape Cod for mackerel, bass, or 
herrings, to be improved for and towards ^ free school in some 
town in this jurisdiction, for the training up of youth in litera- 
ture for the good and benefit of posterity, provided a beginning 
be made within one year after said grant." This school was 
estabhshed at Plymouth, and continued until ,1677, vv^hen it 
was ordered, "In whatsoever township in this government, 

* At a later period, Colonel John Alden owned a negro slave, named 
Hampshire, who was married, April 16th, 1718, to Mary Jones, an Indian 
woman. Lt. Thomas Loring, who died 1717, left three negroes, valued at 
jClOO ; and his son Thomas owned a " negro man Bill, alias William I'or- 
tune," whom, it appears by the records, he determined (Dec. Isl, 1739) to 
free " from the yoke of servitude and bondage, for divers good and valuai)le 
reasons and causes and considerations," after the 1st day of May, 175:2. 
And in 1759, we find in Chh. Records, " Died Richard Louden's negro 
girl, about 10 years old." 

I have now before me a deed, dated 1741, given by John Cooper, of Ply- 
mouth, to Geo. Partridge, of Duxbury, conveying to him " a negro man 
named Dick, aged about 23 years, of middling stature." 

Indians, who had been convicted of certain crimes, were condemned to be 
sold as slaves in the early times of the colony, as well as those who had 
been captured in war. A rather unpardonable offence in the opinion of the 
philanthropists of the present day. 


consisting of fifty families or upwards, any meet man shall be 
obtained to leach a grammar school, such township shall allow 
at least twelve pounds, to be raised by rate on alt the inhabi- 
tants of said town, and those that have the more immediate 
benefit thereof, with what others shall voluntarily give, shall 
make up the residue necessary to maintain the same, and that 
the profits arising from the Cape Fishing, heretofore ordered 
to maintain a grammar school in this colony, be distributed in 
such towns as have such grammar schools, not exceeding five 
pounds per ann. to any town, unless the Court treasurer or 
others appointed to manage that aftair see good cause to add 
thereunto. And further this Court orders, that every such 
town as consists of seventy families and upwards, and hath 
not a grammar school therein, shall allow and pay unto the 
next town, that hath a grammar school, the sum of five 
pounds, to be levied on the inhabitants by rate, and gathered 
by the constable of such town by warrant from any magis- 
trate in this jurisdiction." This continued in force for eleven 
years, during part of the time Duxbury was receiving its 
share per annum. In 16S3, the sum of £8 was granted to the 
Du.xbury school. This school was kept by Mr. Wiswall, the 
pastor of the church, and continued to be kept by him many 
years, and under his guidance many young men were fitted 
for their collegiate course. His powers were well adapted to 
the duty, and his school, which was well sustained, was car- 
ried on with universal satisfaction. Air. Wiswall died in 
1700 ; but by whom the school was continued we cannot find, 
nor does there appear any record of a school until Ftbnmnj 
21, 1711, when there is recorded the liberality of Mr. Benja- 
min Chandler, who "freely gave to y^ s^ town liberty to build 
a school house upon his land neer y^ Rhoad for s"^ town's use 
to be set near y^ fence, that is y"^ partition fence between 
ye s'* Benjamin Chanler and John Glass their lands, and that 
ye s^ school house might there be settled & kept, with y^ priv- 
ilege, or use of about half an acre of land adjacent so long as 
ye %^ town shall se cause to keep their s'^ school house there."* 
And the next year (1715) the town appropriated for a school 
£30, and appointed Mr. Edward fSouthworth their agent to 
procure a schoolmaster for the year, and in their behalf to 
manage the whole affair, relating to the school, as the law 
directs. In 1723, £27 pounds were paid to a school master. 

* The town soon after voted to set the buildinsr in the corner of the lot ; 
but through some accident the liouse was placed in the centre ol the lot, 
whereupon the ihyine was made — 

It is to me a mystery, 
It is to me a riddle, 
That there should siand, upon any land 

A corner in the middle. K. 


In 1734, January 16, " at a town meeting y^ s^ town by their 
vote desired & authorized their present Representative. Col. 
John Alden, to Petition y^ Hononrable, y^ General Court, in 
their Behalf, for a grant of a Tract of land, y^ better to enable 
them to support a school in s^ Town." A grant was made by 
the Court, as appears by the following order, passed at a meet- 
ing April 8 : " Town chose Col. John Alden their agent to 
procure a Surveyour, & under oath to surve}' and lay out 
y^ Five Hundred acres of land, granted to y^ s^ Town, Feb. 
ye 1.5th Anno Dom. 1733-[4], by y*^ General Court, & to do 
whatsoever may be Requisite on s'* Town's Behalf, either by 
himself or his substitute, being any one belonging to y^ s*^ Town 
Relating to y^ premises." At the same meeting, Philip Dela- 
no and James Arnold were appointed to procure a School- 
master, and they obtained Jonathan Peterson, Jr. 

In 1735 (May 2Jst) they voted to divide the town into four 
school districts. 

I. Neighborhood of Powder point. 

II. Neighborhood of Philip Chandler's and Ensign Brad- 


III. Neighborhood of Nathaniel Sampson's. 

IV. Neighborhood of Captain's Hill. 

And, November 21st, they voted to have two schoolmasters, 
to serve one half year, one at the north end, and another at 
the south end of the town. 

In 1736, the schoolmaster was allowed a compensation of 
£20. In 1738, an appropriation of £in was made ; and dur- 
ing this year John Wadsworth kept for a short time, and also 
Israel Sylvester for a longer time at 12 shillings per week ; 
and Josiah Thomas eleven weeks for £6 and 12^. The next 
year (1739) £24 were appropriated to the school, and Joseph 
Snell was the teacher. In 1741, there were £54 appropriated, 
and the town was divided into four school districts, to remain 
so divided for twenty years. In 1742, £54 was the appropri- 
ation, and Gamaliel Bradford and Samuel Seabury were au- 
thorized to go to the eastward to make some disposal of the land 
granted to them there by the General Court for the School. 
In 1743, they voted to sell this land at Souhegan for £750, 
and in 1747 they disposed of it for that price. This year, and 
also in 1744, £60 was the school grant, and for the next two 
years £70. In 1748, Jesse Thomas taught the school ; and in 
1749 and 1750, Isaac Boles, and for the latter year £100 were 
granted, and on the next following £60. A Mr. Webb taught 
the school in 1753, and in 1754 a small appropriation of about 
£13 was made; and in 1756 £20, and the same in 1578; and 
this continued to be the annual appropriation until 1778, when 
it was raised to £80. On the 11th March, 1776, the town 
" voted to dismiss the Grammar School for six months, begin- 

74 . INDIANS. 

ning at the first of May next: and voted that John Peterson, 
Judah Delano, Perez Chandler and Calvin Partridge be a com- 
mittee to draw £20 out of the treasury to pay the common 
schools for six months, beginning with the first of May next." 
jMr. Boles, who kept in Duxbury about 1750, as above, is 
said to have been a man of learning ; but was so continually 
intoxicated, that he accomplished httle good. JMr. Thayer, 
who afterwards taught here, studied with Mr. Turner, and. 
preached his first sermon in the town. The school was then 
kept by Mr. George Damon, who liad studied also with Mr. 
Turner, and was afterwards settled in Martha's Vineyard. 
Mr. Rice then kept in the Point schoolhouse, on the hill above 
Capt. John Soutliworth's. John \Vadsworth also kept about 
this time; and then jMr. Francis Winter, afterwards a settled 
minister iu Maine. Mr. Thomas Haven, who studied and 
occasionally preached here, kept three years. Mr. George 
Partridge next kept here, and received ,'t^8 per month, from 
1770 to 1773. Mr. Partridge had, while in college, kept a 
grammar school in Woburn, and among his pupils were Ben- 
jamin Thompson, afterwards Count Rumford, and the late 
Hon. Loammi Baldwin, nearly his equals in age. Mr. Ben- 
jamin Aldcn began in 177G to keep school, and kept thirty- 
three years. He had $p7 a month in the beginning, and §14 
when he ended. At this period there were four school houses 
in the town — one at the old meeting-house; the second at 
Tarkiln village beyond Island creek pond; the third in the 
northwest quarter ; and the fourth called the " Point school." 
In these Mr. Alden kept three months in the year at each. 
During this period, Mr. Benjamin Whitman, afterwards Judge 
Whitman, kept a private school, during his college vacations. 


There were probably (ow, if any ludians in those parts of 
Duxbury next the bay, at the time of its settlement, as the 
country for many miles around Plymouth iiad been depopula- 
ted a few years previous to the arrival of the Pilgrims, by a 
severe and fatal disease.* But a i'cw miles back from the 

* There is iniicli dispute as refrards the time oftliis pestilence. Gookin 
places it in 1012 or 1013. It has been generally considered that it was at 
its greatest extent in 1618. This year, it will be remembered, was the 
year of the remarkable comet, when the plague was raging in various parts 


coast reigned the sachem of Mattakeeset, Chickatabut, alias 
Josiah, who was succeeded by his son Josiah.* A large 
portion of this tribe became converted to Christianity by the 
preaching of the various missionaries sent among them, and 
known by the name of the " praying Indians ; " f and on the 
breaking out of the war with Phihp, these Indians were con- 
veyed by the government to Clarks Island, where they might 
be secure from their hostile brothers. In many places in the 
colony, the Indians became converted, and were known by the 
common appellation given above. In 1684, these converts in 
the colony amounted, it is said, to 1439, (besides boys and 
girls, who numbered nearly'' three times as many,) and of these 
there were at Namasakeeset about forty. 

In 1698, there were three or four families of Indians near 
the Sawmill, (Hist. Coll.) In 1718, Mary Jones, an Indian 
woman, is named. In 1734, Hacale Jefi'ery and Betty Tom, 
both Indians of Plymouth, were married in Duxbury, Decem- 
ber 23d. In 1743, Patience, an Indian vv^oman, is named. 
In "May, 1756, died Amos Jeffery — indian — in y® 17"^*^ year ■ 
of- his age, at Fort William Henry; and January 29, 1757, 
died Hannah Ham — indian — perhaps about 60 years old." 
[Chh. Rec] In 1759, J. Peagon, an Indian, served in the old 

of the world. Johnson says it was in the summer of the " blazeing starre," 
which was seen about three hours high above the horizon for the " space 
of 30 sleeps," and which led the inhabitants " to expect strange things to 
follow." Some place it as late as 1619 ; but at any rate, intelligence of its 
destructive effect had reached England, before James granted the charier of 
November 3d, 1020, for in it this is given as one of the reasons for grant- 
ing it. The nature of the disease is also controverted. Some say it was 
the yellow fever, because Gooken says, he learned from some aged Indians 
that the bodies of the diseased were all over yellow, both before and after 
death. Dermer says it was a species of the plague, and others the small- 
pox. It appears that a French ship had been wrecked on the coast a few 
years previous, and her crew either were captured or slain. One of the 
captives afterwards told them, that for their cruelty the Lord would bring 
upon them destruction, — and in this havoc from the pestilence they recog- 
nized the fulfilment of the Frenchman's words. Whole towns were depop- 
ulated, and it was estimated that not one inhabitant in twenty remained. 

* The father of Chickatabut was Josias Wampatuck ; and his grandson, 
Jeremy, was father of Charles Josiah, the last of the race. Squamaug, 
brother of Josiah, reigned during the minority of Jeremy. — Drake. 

f In 1674, there were in the colony 497 of these Indians, of whom 72 
could write and 142 could read Indian, and nine could read English. About 
100 children had commenced learning, and were not included in this esti- 

Recently, an interesting report has been presented to the Legislature of 
Massachusetts, by a committee appointed to examine into the state of the 
Indians in the State, from which it appears there are remains of twelve 
tribes within the bounds of the State, numbering in all 847, including people 
of color connected with them ; but of these only six or eight are of pure 


French war. In 1768, Susy, Indian woman, died, Dec. 31, 
set. 33 years. In 1784. Hannah Barnabas, Indian woman, 
died, July 31st. In 1786, Jan. 2d, Hitty Tom, Indian, died. 

It has been estimated, by a learned writer, that on the arri- 
val of the English, there were between thirty and forty thou- 
sand Indians in New England, and some fifteen or twenty 
thousands within forty miles of Plymouth. Comparing this 
body with the insignificant number of the English, liow strik- 
ing is the imminent hazard, and how remarkable the danger 
in which they undertook and sustained their settlement. But, 
says James Otis to Gov. Bernard, in 1767. the Indians had 
pertect confidence in our fathers, and applied to them in all 
their diiiiculties. Nothing has been omitted which justice or 
humanity required. We glory in their conduct, and boast of 
it as unexampled ! The colonists early enacted laws for the 
better government of the Indians, and all offences against them 
by the English were fairly tried ; and in the instance, that 
three Englishmen were hung in 1638, for the murder of one 
Indian, we can plainly see that the most rigid justice was 
allowed in their favor. But for their own security they passed 
a law forbidding the selling of firearms to the Indians ; and 
violations of this were severely punished ; not more so, how- 
ever, than any injury done the Indians. In 1649, Thurston 
Clark, for letting an Indian have a gun, with powder and shot, 
was fined. In 1644, Wm. Maycumber, for speaking against 
the Indians. In 1674, same person, for abusing them on the 
Lord's day. 1645, Thomas Hayv/ard ordered to pay Wan- 
napooke, a Neipnet Indian, one half bushel of corn for taking 
venison of his. 

A law was also passed, ordering that no lands should be 
purchased of the natives, without an equivalent recompense; 
and, previous to the war with Philip; no lands were ever forci- 
bly taken from them. 




These were more frequently called in early times Deputies^ 
and sometimes they were styled Committee-men. 

1639, June 4th. This year the towns first sent Deputies 
for legislation ; and their meeting was on this date. Hereto- 
fore, the Governor and Assistants* were the only representa- 
tives of the people, and the whole management of the colony 
was vested in them.f 

1639. Jonathan Brewster, Edmund Chandler. 

1640. William Basset, Christopher Wadsworth. 
1641-2. John Alden, J. Brewster. 

1643. W. Basset, E. Chandler, Tho. Besbeech. 

1644. Capt. Standish, J. Brewster, J. Alden, W. Basset. 

1645. J. Alden, Geo. Soule, W. Basset, E. Chandler. 

1646. J. Alden, G. Soule. 

1647. J. Alden, Constant Southworth. 

1648. J. Alden, W. Basset. 

1649. J. Alden, C. Southworth. 
1650-1. G. Soule, C. Southworth. 

1652. C. Southworth, John Bradford. 

1653. G. Soule, C. Southworth. 

1654. G. Soule, C. Southworth, C. Wadsworth, William 

1655-6. C. Southworth, Wm. Pabodie. 
1657. Wm. Pabodie, John Rogers. 
1658-63. C. Southworth, W. Pal^odie. 

1664. C. Southworth. 

1665. C. Southworth, Josiah Standish. 
1666-7. C. Southworth, C. Wadsworth. 

1668. C. Southworth, Josiah Standish. 

1669. C. Southworth. 

1670. W. Pabodie. 

1671-82.t W. Pabodie, Josiah Standish. 
1683-4. Josiah Standish, John Tracy. 
1685. Josiah Standish, Benj. Bartlett, Sen. 

* Of the thirty-three persons, who had been Assistants previous to the 
annexation to Massachusetts Bay, in 1692, nine were at some time inhabi- 
tants of Duxbury : Capt. Standish, Mr. Alden, Mr. Rowland, Mr. Collier, 
Gov. Prence, John Brown, Edmund Freeman, Constant Southworth, and 
David Alden. 

f In the following lists some vacancies will be noticed ; but on those 
years no record of the officers appear to have been made on the town's 

X 1676. Last part of the year, Saml. Seabury. 


1686. Francis Barker, J. Tracy. 

1687-9. Edw. Southworth, Seth Arnold. 

1690. Dea. J. Wadsworth, David Alden. 

1691-2. Dea. J. Wadsworth, Edw. Southworth. 

1693. Edw. Southworth, Lt. Seth Arnold. 

1694. Ens. F. Barker, Dea. J. Wadsworth. 

1700. Capt. Seth Arnold. 

1701. Lt. F. Barker. 

1703. Lt. F. Barker. 

1704. Joshua Holmes. 

1705. Joshua Holmes, 
1709. Samuel Scabury. 
1712-3. Gapt. John Alden. 
1721-2. Capt. J. Alden. 
1723-4. Thomas Fish. 
1728. Capt. J. Alden. 

1731-9. Capt. [styled Col. 1733] J. Alden. 
1740. Did not send. 
1741-9. Capt. Gamaliel Bradford. 
1750. Did not send. 
17.51-6. Col. G. Bradford. 
1757. Did not send. 
1758-60. Samuel Seabury. 
1761-7. Capt. [Maj. 1762] Briggs Alden. 
176S-70. Capt. John Wadsworth. 
, 1771. Did not send. 

1772. Capt. J. Wadsworth. 

1773. Did not send. 
1774-6. George Partridge. 

1777. George Partridge, Dea. Peleg Wadsworth. 

1778-9. George Partridge. 

1780. G. Partridge, John Peterson.* 

1781-2. John Peterson. 

1783. Capt. Samuel Loring. 

1784. Rev. Z. Sanger. 

1785. Calvin Partridge. 

1786. Did not send. 

1787. Rev. Z. Sanger. 

1788. Did not send. 
1789-90. Gamaliel Bradford. 

1791. Did not send. 

1792. Gamaliel Bradford. 

1793. Did not send. 
1794-6. Maj. Judah Alden. 
1797. Seth Sprague. 

* Last part of the year. 


179S. Maj. Alden. 

1799. Seth Sprague. 

1800. Did not send. 
1801-5. Capt. Seth Sprague. 

1806. Capt. Seth Sprague, Adam Fish. 

1807. Capt. Adam Fish. 

1808. Capt. Ezekiel Soule. 
1809-10. Maj. Alden, Samuel Walker. 

1811. Maj. Alden. 

1812. Maj. Alden, G. Partridge. 

1813. JMaj. Alden, Samuel A. Frazar. 
1814-5. G. Partridge. 

1816. G. Partridge, Samuel x\. Frazar. 


Selectmen may have been chosen before the first date here 
given, tliough no record can be found of them. 

1666-7. Christ'r Wadsworth, Josiah Standish, Benj. Bartlett. 
1668. C. Wadsworth, Wm. Pabodie, B. Bartlett, 
1669-71. C. Wadsworth, Samuel Seabury, B. Bartlett. 
1672. Wm. Pabodie, Saml. Seabury, J. Standish. 
1673-5. Wm. Pabodie, Samuel Seabury, B. Bartlett. 

1677. J. Standish, Samuel Seabury, John Tracy. 

1678. J. Wadsworth, Benj. Bartlet, J. Tracy. 

1680. S. Seabury, W. Pabodie, J. Tracy. 

1681. S. Seabury, B. Bartlett, J. Tracy. 
1682-3. J. Standish, B. Bartlett, J. Tracy. 
1684. J. Wadsworth, B. Bartlett, J. Tracy. 
1685-6. Francis Barker, B. Bartlett, J. Tracy. 

1687. Jno. Alden, J. Tracy, Dea. J. W^adsworth. 

1688. Jno. Alden, F. Barker, E. South worth. 

1689. Jno. Alden, J. Tracy. Dea. J. Wadsworth, 

1690. B. Bartlett, J. Trac'j, Dea. J. Wadsworth. 

1691. B. Bartlett, J. Tracy', F. Barker. 

1692. Jno. Alden, J. Tracy, Wm. Brewster. 

1693. David Alden, F. Barker, E. Southworth. 

1694. Seth Arnold, F. Barker, J. Tracy. 

1695. David Alden, John Partridge, Seth Arnold. 
1699. Seth Arnold, F. Barker, Abraham Sampson. 
1701. S. Arnold, F. Barker, A. Sampson. 

1709. Sanuiel Bartlett, David Alden, Joseph Stockbridge. 

1710. Edw. Southworth, Tho. Parris, Dea. J. Wadsworth. 
1714. John Alden, Tho. Loring, Dea. John Wadsworth. 
1721. Dea. J. Wadsworth, Joshua Soule, Benj. Delano. 
1723. Dea. J. Wadsworth, John Alden, Elisha Wadsworth. 


1723. Dea. J. Wads worth, J. Alden, J. Soule. 

1729. Pelatiah West, Edw. Arnold, Wni. Brewster. 

1730. Pelatiah West, E. Arnold, J. Alden. 

1731. Pelatiah West, Dea. J. Wads worth, J. Alden. 
1732-9. Edw. Arnold, Dea. J. Wads worth, J. Alden. 
1740-4. Gaml. Bradford, Dea. J. Wadsworth, Saml. Weston. 

1745. G. Bradford, Saml. Seahnry, S. Weston. 

1746. G. Bradford, S. .Seahnry, Dea. J. Wadsworth. 
1747-.50. G. Bradford, S. Seabnry, Saml. "Weston. 
17.51-2. G. Bradford, S. Seabnry, Saml. Alden. 

1753. Dr. John Wadswortli, Jno. Peterson, Ezra Arnold. 

1754-6. G. Bradford, Saml. Seahnry, Saml. Alden. 

1757. G. Bradford, S. Seabnry, Jno. Peterson. 

1758-60. Briggs Alden, Wait Wadsworth, Dea. Nathaniel 

1761-2. Ezra Arnold, W. Wadsworth, Jno. Peterson. 
1763-4. B. Alden, W. Wadsworth, Dea. Peleg Wadsworth. 
1765. B. Alden, Ezra Arnold, Dr. John Wadsworth. 
1766-9. Isaac Partridge, W. Wadsworth, Dea. P. Wadsworth. 
1770-1. B. Alden, W. Wadsworth, Dea. P. Wadsworth. 
1772-3. Jed. Simmcns, W. Wadsworth, Dea. P. Wadsworth. 

1774. J. Simmons, W. Wadsworth, Saml. Bradford. 

1775. Isaac Partridge, W. AVadsworth, S. Bradford. 

1776. Calvin Partridge, W. Wadsworth, Dea. Jas. South- 


1777. C. Partridge, W. Wadsworth, Micah Soule. 

1778. C. Partridge, B. Alden, Reuben Delano. 

1779. C. Partridge, B. Alden, James Freeman. 
1780-1. Jno. Peterson, Gideon Harlow, Israel Silvester, Jr. 

1783. Jno. Peterson. Elijah Baker, Abel Chandler. 

1784. C. Partridge, E. Baker, A. Chandler. 

1785. C. Partridge, Levi Loring, A. Cliandler. 

1786. Jno. Peterson, G. Harlow, Joseph Soule. 

1787. C. Partridge, Abel Chandler, Saml. Loring. 

1788. G. Bradford, G. Hqrlow, S. Loring. 

1789. G. Bradford. Philip Chandler, S. Loring. 

1790. G. Bradford', P. Chandler, John Peterson. 
1791-5. G. Bradford, P. Chandler, G. Harlow. 
1796. Saml. Loring, P. Chandler, Abel Chandler. 
1797-8. S. Loring, P. Chandler, G. Harlow. 

1799. Silvanus Sampson, P. Chandler. Ezckiel Soule. 

1800. G. Harlow, P. Chandler, E. Soule. 

1801. G. Harlow, Dea. Dura Wadsworth, E. Soule. 
1803-7. Freeman Loring, Wm. Loring, Jr., E. Soule. 
1808. F. Loring, John Winslow, Reuben Delano. 
1809-10. Saml. Walker, J. Winslow, R. Delano. 

1811. E. Soule, Nathl. Winsor, Jr., Wadsworth Chandler. 
1812-3. Saml. Loring, Reuben Delano, Ezra Weston, Jr. 



1814-5. Henry Chandler, R. Delano, Levi Loring, Jr. 

1816. E. Soiile, W. Chandler, Geo. Loring. 

1817. E. Soule, W. Chandler, Studley Sampson. 


This was an office of high trust and responsibility, and none 
were elected to it, but men of good standing. 

1633. " Christopher Wadsworth chosen Constable for the 
ward of Doxbury, bounded between Jones River and Greens 
harbour, and to serve the King in that office for the space of 
one whole yeare. and to enter upon the place with the Gov''- 





















C. Wadsworth. 
Edmund Chandler. 
C. Wadsworth. 
Stephen Tracy. 
Joseph Rogers. 
C. Southworth. 
Edmund Hawes. 
Thomas Boney. 
John Tisdell. 
George Partridge. 
Wm . Merritt, [Merrick 1] 
Thomas Hayward. 
Francis Sprague. 
John Vohes. 
Wm. Bassett. 
Thomas Hey ward, Jr., 
Abraham Sampson. 
Stephen Bryant, 
John Aimes. 
Wm. Clark. 
Edw. Hunt. 
C. Southworth. 
John Tracy. 
John Washburn, Jr. 
Francis West. 
Henry Sampson. 
Benj. Bartlett. 
John Sprague. 
Joseph Andrews. 
Samuel Seabury, 
Walter Briggs. 
John Rogers, 
Richard D welly, 
Wm. Peakes. 




Samuel Hunt. 

Joseph Wadsworth. 

Alexander Standish. 

John Rogers, Jr. 

Benj. Church. 

John Wadsworth. 

Mr. Ralph Thacher. 

Samuel West. 

Wm. Brewster. 

David Alden. 

Edw. Southworth. 

John Simmons. 

Joseph Chandler. 

Wrestling Brewster. 

Benj. Bartlett, Jr. 

John Partridge. 

Josiah Holmes. 

Wm. Vobes. 
^ Robert Barker, 
t Samuel Bartlett. 
5 Isaac Barker, 
< Joseph Harlow. 
5 Roger Glass, 
f Francis Barker. 
j Stephen Sampson, 
f .John Russell. 
5 Thomas Oldham, 
i Thomas Delano. 
5 James Partridge, 
(. Wm. Tubbs. 
5 John Tracy, 
( Samuel Barker. 
5 John Sprague, 
f James Bishop. 



The earliest Treasurer of the town was WiUiam Brewster, 
who was succeeded by David Alden in 1701, tlien by fe^amuel 
Seabury ; then by Thomas Loring, who lield it until his death 
in 1717; and he was succeeded by Phihp Delano, who, in 
1758, was followed by Judah Delano, who was succeeded by 
Maj. G. Bradford, Jr., who resigned to Eliphas Prior in 1777. 


By the Court it is ordered, " That the Clarke, or some one 
in every towne do keepe a register of the day and yeare of 
every marryage, byrth, and buriall & to have 3d apeece for 
his paynes." — Col. Rec. 

The clerks have been, as far as is known — 

William Pabodie, 16(i6-81. John Wadsworlh, 1711-50. 

Rodolphus Thacher, 1G85-94. Dr. John Wadsworlh, 1751-78. 

Alexander Slandish, 1695-1700. Joseph Freeman, 1779-85. 

John Wadsworlh, 1701-8. Benjamin Alden, 1786. 
Samuel Sprague, 1709-10. 


It is greatly to be regretted, that the earliest records of Dux- 
bury are lost. We have evidence that they were burned, as 
the existing records testify. But who was the clerk at that 
time, and where they were burned, are questions, which pro- 
bably cannot be answered with any great degree of certainty. 
As Standish's house was burned about this time, it may be 
possible that thej'^ were destroyed there. The house was then 
occupied by Alexander Standish, who may have been clerk at 
the time, as he was many years after. The fu'st entry on the 
first leaf of the present records was made by Wm. Pabodie, in 
1666 ; but there are entries of a date prior to this about ten or 
more years, in otlier parts of the book ; and it is a matter of 
doubt whether they were made at the dates annexed, or copied 
afterwards into the new book from private records or the Col- 
ony records. I allude not to the births, marriages and deaths 
of Mr. Pabodie's children, prior to that date, which might 
easily have been entered by him from iiis own private records, 
but to other entries, principally deeds, iSic, which are entered 
in different parts of tlie book. Russell [Cuide to Plymouth^] 
on authority of Lewis Bradford, town clerk of Plympton, 
favors the supposition tliat they were burned in Standish's 


house, Alexander Standish being clerk at the time. Rev. Jo- 
siah Moore [Soule's Sprague Memorial,] says, " I am inform- 
ed, that they [the church records] were burned together with 
those of the town, at a fire which occurred at Pembroke, 
where at the time they were deposited." * The earliest ex- 
isting records consist of a small square parchment-covered 
book, in which the records are made in very little order, and a 
larger parchment-covered book ; and these bring them down 
until about the year 1778 of the Revolution. Many of the 
records of the war were kept on loose -sheets of paper, and 
those of 1781, 2, 3, appear to be missing. 


1636, Oct. ith. Mr. Jonathan Brewster and Christopher 
Wads worth from Duxbury, with two from Scituate, and four 
from Plymouth, were appointed to revise the ordinances of the 

Sloc/cs, iwiuid, and u-hipjnng-post. 1637 : Time was given 
to the town to provide themselves with a pound and a pair of 
Stocks, and if they should fail, then " to be fyned by the Court 
for their defaults." 164U: Francis West, having been cen- 
sured and set in the stocks at Plymouth for some misdemeanor, 
was also ordered to make a pair of stocks, to be set up in some 
convenient place in Duxbury. 1641 : The town was pre- 
sented for not having a pound, and in 1642, there were given 
them six weeks to provide one, and if they should not in that 
time then they were to pay £5 fine ; and again, in 1650, the 
town was presented for the same thing; and in 1653 and 
1655, for want of pound, stocks and whipping-post. 

The Stocks were a frame of wood, consisting of two posts, 
from six to ten feet apart, and connected by a plank ; and 
upon this is let down from above another plank, with openings 
on the lower edge sufficiently large to receive a man's feet, 
and by being fastened together the legs of the individual are 
kept in one position, while his hands are held in the same 
manner by a third plank above. Being thus confined, and 
his body supported by a stool, the culprit was doomed to sit, 

* This is also the account, as Mr. Kent informs me, that he always 
received from Dr. Allyn, his associate in the ministry, and is perhaps 
entitled to greater credit, thoujih by no means substantiated. See under 
C. Soulliworth, among- the " First Settlers." 


and to be the laughing-stock of the crowd around, until the 
term of confinement had expired. The introduction of this 
machine into England is believed to have been during the 
thirteenth century. Stocks and whipping-posts were ordinary- 
appendages to a meeting-house until of late years. As late as 
1753 we find in the town records this among the town charges : 
"Joseph Freeman for making stocks. lU shillings." 

1637. Mr. .John Howland and Mr. Jno. Brewster were ap- 
pointed for the town of Duxbury, to attend to the preservation 
of the beaver trade. 

The Court ordered the 500 acres lying between Eel River 
and the South River to be divided, and Jno. Brewster and 
Edmund Chandler were chosen on the part of Duxbury " to 
agree upon an equal course for the division." 

1638. Ordered by the Court, " that no more land shal be 
granted on Duxburrow side untill there be a view taken there- 
of, that such lands may be graunted as shal be found fitt, not 
to pijudice the graunts already made to the neighbourhood 

1639. INov. 9. A town meeting was held " for making of 
such lawes and orders as should be thought good and benefi- 
ciall." Wears were ordered to be placed at Morton's hole, 
Bluefish river and Eaglenest. 

For the building of the prison at Plymouth, John Barnes 
and George Bowers were ordered to see the lumber brought, 
and the Duxbury men " to place it into the leighter." 

1641. The Assistants and Deputies had liberty given them 
to grant land of themselves. 

1612. The Town was ordered to give John Rowe satisfac- 
tion for the water overflowing his house. 

1644. Mr. Collier and " whom he pleaseth w^^ him," of 
Duxbury, with tlie Governor and Mr. Prence of Plymouth, 
and Mr. Winslow and Mr. Thomas of Marshfield, were chosen 
to revise the laws. 

1646. This is a list of the freemen of Duxbury for this year ; 
those marked with an asterisk are crossed out in the original 
record on the Colony books. Tlie elections and other business 
of the Colony were confined to the freemen, who Avere, on 
special application, admitted to those rights, church-member- 
ship, however, being a necessary qualification. This was a 
requisite until about 1664, when it began to be discontinued; 
but was not. however, entirely given up until 16S6. A certi- 
ficate from the pastor of a good moral character, was never- 
theless required. 


Mr. Wm. Collier, Mr. Ralph Partridge, 

Mr. John Alden, Jno. Brewster, 

Capt. Standish, •Stephen Tracy, 




Wm. Bassett, 
*Lt. Wm. Holmes, 
Edmund Chandler, 
Christopher Wadsworth, 
Henry Howland, 
Love Brewster, 
Experience Mitchell, 
Roger Chandler, 
*Joseph Rogers, 
Saml. Nash, 
Philip Delano, 
Abraham Peirce,*^ 
Moyses Symonson, 
Henry Sampson, 

Constant SovUhworth, 

John Paybody, 

Wm. Tubbs, 

Francis Sprague, 

Mr. Comfort Starr, 
*Mr. Wm. Kemp, 
*Job Cole, 
*Mr. Thomas Besbeech, 

George Soule, 
*John Tisdall, 

George Partridge, 

Wm. Brett, 

John Washburn, 

Thomas Heyward. 

1659. Constant SoiUhworth was sent by Duxbury to con- 
clude with the agents of tlie other towns, abont letting out the 
trade at Kennebec. 

1662. C. Sonthworth and Renj. Bartlett were appointed 
for the town, "to take invoice of what liquors, wine, poAvder 
and shot" should be brought into the Government. 

1668, Nov. 25th. Day of Thanksgiving throughout the 

1670. Freemen of Duxbury — 

" Mr. John Aldin, 

Mr. Constant South worth, 
*Mr. William Collyare, dec'd, 
Mr. John Holmes, 
Mr. Christopher Wadsworth, 
Experience Mitchell, 
Leift. Samuell Nash, 
«i^hillip Delano, 
,— . Moses Simons, 
Henery Sampson, 
*Francis Sprague, 
William Tubbs, 
John Rogers, Sen'r, 
Abraham Peirse, Sen'r, 
Gorg Partrich, 
Gorge Soule, Sen'r, 
John Washburne, Sen'r, 
,—- » Mr. Allexander Standish, 
Mr. Josias Standish, 

Mr. John Aldin, Jun'r, 
William Paybody, --^ 
Edmund Weston, 
William Clark, 
Robert Barker, 
*John Washburne, Jun'r, 
Abraham Sampson, 
Francis West, 
Benjamine Bartlett, 
John Tracye, 
Ensigne Jonathan Aldin, 
Joseph Wadsworth, 
Mr. Samuell Saberry, 
John Sprague, 
Samuel Hunt, 
John Wadsworth, 
Benjamine Church, 
John Rogers, Jun'r, 
Rodulphus Thaeher." 

lO^ Those marked * are crossed out on the record. 
1671. The selectmen ordered to pay the Indians for dam- 
ages occasioned by the horses and hogs of the English. 


June 13. Day of Public humiliation " in reference unto the 
sad deplored state of our native contrcy." 

1672. tSaml. Seabury and John Tracy were ordered to pre- 
vent the further '• transporting of plankes, boards, bolts and 

1683. The selectmen were ordered to make provision for 
the paupers in the town. 

1683-4. A list of Freemen of the town presents forty 

16SS. Eiglity-four individuals had died in Duxbury np to 
this date. — Wadsivorth Records. 

1690. John Wadsworth was appointed to view whales, 
that may be cast ashore in the town. 

Rateable estates in Duxbury amount to £1500. 

1711, Sept. 4th. Saml. Seabury was chosen to act as the 
town's attorney at Court; and, Dec. 12th, Capt. x\ruold for 
the same duty. 

1712. "Marshfield, Nov. 28: On Tuesday, the 25th cur- 
rant, six men going off the Gurnet Beach in a whale boat at 
Duxberry after a whale, by reason of the Boisterousness of the 
sea, oversetting the Boat, they were all drowned, viz., William 
Sprague, Ebenezer Bonney, and Thomas Baker of Duxbury ; 
Thomas Wright, Job Cole, and Andrew Seaward of Marsh- 
field." — Boston Newsletter, Dec. 8, 1712. 

1721. Oct. 20th. The town "voted to chuse Trustees to 
take out of the Treasury y^ s*^ town's proportion of y^ fifty 
thousand pounds ordered tlie last year by y^ General C'ourt to 
be emitted, and chose three Trustees, viz., Mr. John Par- 
tridge, Capt. John Alden and Mr. John Fish, and ordered that 
y^ s'l money should be hired at five pounds per cent, to such 
persons as shall give sufficient security for y^ same, and that 
less tlian ten poimds nor more than tweenty pounds should 
be hired out to any one particular person." In 1728, (May 
16th,) Edward Arnold, Joshua Soule, and Pclatiah \>'cst were 
chosen their Trustees. 

1724, Dec. 3d. A whale captured otf the beach. 

1732. At the launching of a sloop at Bartlctt's yard, three 
and a half gallons of rum were drank. 

1765. Dr. Harlow's house burnt at midnight. Abigail his 
daughter, set. 13, and Polly Dabney, Mrs. Harlow's daughter, 
set. 11. were burnt to death. Mrs. Harlow, a large woman, 
jimiped from the chamber window into the snow without in- 
jury.— k. 

1770. A dead whale was found a quarter of a mile from the 
beach, and five sharks were devouring him. One of the 
sharks was killed, and blubber enough taken out of liim to 
make a full barrel of oil. The whale washed ashore and 
made 15 barrels. 


1772, Feb. 11th. "About one o'clock, P. M. the honse of 
Mr. Richard Louden of Duxborough, inn-holder, took fire. 
It being considerable advanced before the discovery, though 
in the day time, there being a large quantity of tlax in an 
upper chamber, where the fire appears to have begun, the 
weather very dry and windy, the house was consumed with 
nearly all the contents." — Hist. Coil. 

1774, May 16th. " Voted that the Treasurer shall put to 
suit and prosecute for the time to come any person or all per- 
sons, that shall take in any person or families, belonging to 
any other town, as tenants or mates or friendship, or any 
straggling persons whatsoever, into their houses or shelters 
without certifying the Selectmen by a writing from under 
their hands, of their names and the places where they came 
from last, and the time they took them in, within the space 
of twenty days next after they took them in, according to 

1775. In the months of April, May, June, July and Octo- 
ber, about 300 persons were inoculated with the small pox on 
the .islands in the bay, under the treatment of Dr. Winslow 
of Marshfield, and not one died of the disorder. — Hist. Coll. 

1780, May 19th. Very dark, between the hours of 12 and 
2, in the day time, and at the same time in the night. 

1793. There were living in Duxbury, sixty-three persons 
over SO years of age, two of whom were nearly 90, and one 
male and five females past that age. — Hist. Coll, 

In regard to the general health of the town of late years, 
it may be said, it has been good, and not a larger proportion 
of deaths have occurred, than in other seaport towns along 
the coast ; and, it is believed, that it would be found that 
there was not a higher average of deaths, than in niost of the 
inland towns of the State ; and the air deriving properties, 
from its immediate proximity to the sea, is not less conducive 
to health, than the dryer atmosphere of the interior. 

1794, Nov. 3d. The town chose Rev. Dr. Allyn and Ben- 
jamin Alden to make surveys for a map of the town. 

1797, Nov. 28th. " Dr. Eleazer Harlow's house took fire 
and was consumed with the effects in it." — Hist. Coll. 

1798. An excise was laid upon all carriages for the con- 
veyance of passengers by the U. S. Government. This 
included chaises, sulkies, chariots, carryalls, etc. The list 
of individuals owning such, and who were taxed, is pre- 
served. In Halifax there were 3, Hanover 14, Duxbury 16, 
Kingston 23, Marshfield 26, Scituate 30, and Pembroke 32. 
Those of Duxbury were Ezra Weston, William Loring, 
Michael Louden, Mercy Alden, Malicah Delano, John Allyn, 
Joshua Hall, Nathaniel Winsor, Samuel Chandler, Seth 
Bradford, Stephen Russell, Jotham Loring, Gamaliel Brad- 


ford, Benjamin Freeman, Jonathan Loring and George Par- 

1801, July- 27th. " Voted (by the town) that Major Judah 
Alden receive communications respecting the villany com- 
mitted against the Rev. Mr, Allyn, and that he prosecute the 
same; this Town having been informed that the dwelhng 
house of Rev. Mr. Allyn has been repeatedly broken open 
and sundries stolen and carried away, and other outrages 
committed in said house: which conduct is received by the 
town derogatory to their reputation and honor, and dangerous 
to the peace and lionor of society; especially as it has been 
committed on the dwelling of their minister. Therefore 
voted that whoever will detect and bring to legal conviction 
and piuiishment, the person or persons concerned in the 
above audacious villany shall receive the sincere thanks of 
the town, and a reward of five hundred dollars in money." 

This was a time of great excitement in the town. The 
house of Dr. Allyn was at various times broken open and 
robbed of household utensils. Other depredations were com- 
mitted on the premises. Stones were heard at night to strike 
the roof, and to rattle down the sides of the house, yet no one 
was to be discovered without, although watches were sta- 
tioned nightly. On one Sunday, while the family were at 
church, the house was fired; but it was discovered and 
extinguished without any great damage being done. So 
great was the agitation among the people, that some even 
suspected that the days of witchcraft had returned. Finally 
a servant girl in Dr. Allyn's employ was suspected, and 
brought before a court of inquiry ; but no evidence was 
obtained against her, and the matter was dropped. 




1632. Soon after the settlement of the town, the Court 
fearing that trouble would arise with the natives, who might 
take advantage of their dispersed and scattered situation, 
passed orders for the common safety as follows: — "In 
regard for our dispi'sion so far asunder and the inconveniency 
that may befall, it is further ordered that every freeman or 
others inhabitant of this Colony provide for himself and each 
under him able to beare armes a sufficient musket or other 
serviciable peece for war w^^ bandeloroes* and other apur- 
tenenances w^^^ what speede may be. And that for each able 
pi'son aforesaid he be at all times after the last of May next 
ensueing furnished w^^ two pounds of powder, and two 
pounds of bullets, and for each default in himselfe or servt to 
forfeit ten shillings." — Col. Rec. 

1635. Lt. William Holmes was appointed to instruct the 
people of Plymouth and Duxbury in arms ; and the next 
year Capt. Standish was joined to him, and they were to be 
allowed £20 per annum. And during the year following 
(1637,) commenced the troubles with the Pequods, which 
ended in their total subjugation, and nearly total extinction. 
We find the following in the Colony Records: — "Ordered 
that the Colony of New Plymouth shall send forth ayd to 
assist them of Massachusetts Bay and Connectacutt in their 
warrs against the Pequin Indians, in reveng of the innocent 
Blood of the English w^h the sd Pequins have barbarously 
shed, and refuse to 2;ive satisfaction for." They then voted 
to raise 30 men for the land, and seamen enough to man a 
barque, and chose Lt. Holmes the commander. These 
offered to serve as volunteers : 

Thomas Clark, ^ John Cook, if his family can be 

Richard Church, (Serg't,) • provided for, 

George Soule, Mr. Stephen Hopkins, 

SamuelJenny, John Heyward, 

Constant Southworth, Thomas Williams, 

Mr. Nathl, Thomas, & his man, Nicholas Presland, 

Mr. Goarton, Thomas Pope, 

*The bandoleers were large leathern belts, worn by ancient musketeers for 
supporting their arms. It passed over the right shoulder and under the 
left arm. ° The name was also given to small cases of leather, suspended 
from the belt, each containing a charge of powder. 




Edw. Holm an, 
Wm. Paddy, 
John Hearker, 
Richd. Cloujjh, 
Henry Ewell, 
Joseph Biddle, 
Wfn. Tuhbs, 
John Barnes, 
Geo. Kennerick, 
Thomas Hollovvay, 
John Irish, 
John Jenkins, 
Jacob Cook. — 40. 

Philip Delano)/ 

Francis Uillington, 

Henry Willis 

Giles Hopkins, 

John Phillips, 

Thomas Goarton 

Peregrine White, 

Caleb Hopkins, 

Sainl. Nash, 

Robt. McndaU, 

Henry Sampson, 

Thomas Redding, 

Love Brewster, 

Joseph Robinson, his man, 

These would go, "if they be prest," — Mr. Thomas Eill, 
James Coale, and Thomas Boardman. Mr. John Howland 
and Mr. Jonathan Brewster of Duxbiiry were appointed to 
be joined to the Governor and assistants, and others of the 
other towns, " to assesse men towards the charges of sol- 
diers," and of the £200 to be paid by the Colony, Plymouth 
was to pay £100, and Dvxburij and Scitnate £.50 each. 

1637. " Samuel Chaiuidler is to he warned to appear at the 
next Court to answer for shooteing oil three guns in the night 
tyme, as if it were an alarm." 

1612. This year, the Indians under Lliantinomo of the 
Narraganset tribe, meditated the extirpation of the English; 
but their plot- was discovered, and the Court ordered and 
agreed " to p^vide forces against them for an ofl'ensive and 
defensive warr;" and the following were appointed on the 
part of Duxhury a conmiittee for raising the Ibrces, — Capt. 
8tandish,' Mr. Alden, Juo. Brewster, "Mr. C. Starr, Mr. 
WiUiam Witherell, William Bassett, C. AVadsworih and 
George Soule. The Court afterwards considered it proper 
to make further preparations for defence; and a committee, 
consisting of Mr. Collier, Mr. Winslow, Mr. Hatherly, and 
Capt. Standish, were sent to Massachusetts Bay to conclude 
on a junction with them in their present state of affairs ; and 
of this number Winslow and Collier were afterwards author- 
ized to subscribe the articles of Confederation. This union 
was fully consimimated and concluded, and the articles 
signed at Boston, May 19, 1643, Connecticut and New 
Hampshire being also included in the compact; and this era 
of the Confederate union of the Colonies, may be proi)erly 
looked upon as the grand epoch, when the germ of the pres- 
ent American Republic first appeared in embryo. 

Of the forces to be raised, Standish was appointed the 
Commander; William Palmer, the Lieutenant; Peregrine 
White, the " auncient bearer;" and Mr. Preiicc was joined 


to them as counsellor. Of every £25 expense of the war, 
the proportion of Duxbiiry was to be £3 10s. And the fol- 
lowing Avere constituted a council of roar: the Governor, Mr. 
Winslow, Mr. Prence, Mr. Collier, Mr. Hatherly, Mr. John 
Brown, Mr. Wiihani Thomas, Mr. Edmund Freeman, Mr. 
William Vassel, Capt. Staudish, Mr. Thomas Dimmack, Mr. 
Anthony Thacher. A sale of moose skins was then ordered 
to furnish means for procuring powder and lead ; and then 
they passed the following order : " The first Tewsday in July 
the ma^f^'s meete and eich Towne are to send such men as 
they shall think fit to joyne w^'^ them in consult about a 
course to saveguard ourselves from surprisall by an enemie." 
1643. It was ordered by the Court, that the towns of 
Plymouth, Duxbury and Marshfield should be combined into 
a company or militc\^ry discipline, and these were appointed 
officers: — Standisli,-\Capt. ; Nathaniel Thomas, Lt. ; Na->* 
thaniel Souther, Clerk; Matthew Fuller and Samuel Nash, 
Sersr'ts. A constitution was then framed for the company, 
which was in efi'ect thus, — I: Tiiat their exercises begin 
with a prayer. II : That some one be appointed to preach to 
them once a year, at the election of their officers; and further 
that the first sermon be on the 1st of September next. Ill : 
That the company shall be composed of none, but "such as 
are of honest and good report and freemen, not servants, 
and shall be well approved by the officers and the whole 
company, or the major part." IV: That every one be sub- 
ject to the officers' commands. V : That delinquents be 
punished by the officers, or the company, or the major part. 
VI : That silence be kept during the exercises, and that every 
violation be punished. VII : That every absentee. (" except 
he be sick, or some extraordinary occation, or hand of God 
upon him,") be obliged to pay a fine of two shillings; and if 
he should refuse, then to be expelled from the Company. 
VIII : That every one, appearing without a sword, musket, 
rest and bandoleers, be fined six shillings for each, and be 
allowed six months to provide himself with them. IX: 
That he be expelled from the company, who does not pro- 
vide himself in that time. X: That but sixteen pikes be 
allowed in the whole company, viz., eight for Plymouth, six 
for Duxbury and two for Marshfield. XI: That all officers 
" be so titled and forever afterwards be so reputed except he 
obtayne a heigher place." XII : That there be a quarterly 
assessment of six pence on each menjber. XIII : That upon 
the death of any member, "the company upon warning shall 
come together w*^*^ their amies and interr his corps as a 
souldier and according to his place and quallytye." XIV: 
Tliat no one be admitted, except he takes the oath of fidelity. 
XV: "That all postures of pike and muskett, motions, 


ranks and files, &c., messengers, skirmishes, seiges, batteries, 
watches, sentinells. &c., bee alwayes pformed according to 
true millitary discipline." XVI: That applicants, " shal be 
ppounded one day, received the next day, if they be ap- 

Tliirty men were ordered to be sent against the Indians; 
the proportion to be "one in a score ; " the number to be 
required of Plymouth was seven, and of Duxbury and Scitu- 
ate five each, and of the other towns a lesser number; the 
share of Duxbury of the £2.5 to pay expenses, to be £3. 
The deputies were ordered to make up the number of men 
as soon as possible ; and the Governor, Mr. Winslow, Mr, 
Prence, Mr. Collier and Capt. Standish were constituted a 
coimcil of war. with power to conduct the management of 
the campaign,; to press men; to demand arms of the towns; 
to punish offenders: to choose a treasurer or treasurers; to 
make valuations of arms, and to choose the leader and coun- 
sellor of the expedition. 

T'he full equipment of a soldier was ordered to be a musket, 
(•' firelock or matchcock,") a pair of bandoleers, a powder 
pouch, with bullets, a sword, a belt, a worm, a scourer, a rest 
and knapsack. His pay " xviii s. p month & dyett & pillage," 
and his town to provide him with a month's provisions, viz., 
30 pounds of biscuits, 12 of pork, 20 of beef, one half bushel of 
pease or meal. The leader to receive 4()s. per month. The 
towns to bear their share of the loss of arms. A list of the 
men and their arms to be handed in to the Court, before the 
23d of Oct. 1G43. 

In August, the number of those in each town, between the 
ages of sixteen and sixty, able to bear arms, was ascertained 
by the Court, and their names recorded. Those of Duxbury 

Moses Simons, John Vobes, 

Samuel Tompkins, Wm. Sherman, 

James Lindall, Samuel Nash, 

Thomas OWham, Abraham Sampson, 

Edmund Weston, George Soule^, 

Wm. Ford, Zachary Soule, 

Francis West, Wm. May cumber, 

Francis Godfrey, Wm. Tubbs, 

Solomon Lenner, Wm. Pabodie, 

John Irish, Wm. Ilillier, 

Philip Delano, E.xperience Mitchell, 

Mr. John Aldcn, Sen., Henry Howland, 

John Alden, Jr., Henry Sampson, 

Joseph Alden, John Brown, 

Morris Truant, Edmund Hunt, 




Wm. Brett, 
John Phillips, 
Thomas Gannet 
Wm. Mullins, 
John Tisdall, 
Nathl. Chandler, 
John Harding, 
John Aimes, 
Francis Goole, 
John Washburn, Sen., 
John Washburn, Jr., 
Philip Washburn, 
Wm. Bassett, Sen., 
Wm. Bassett, Jr., 
Francis Sprague, 
Wm. Lawrence, 
John Willis, 
Jno. Brewster, 
• Wm. Brewster, 
Love Brewster, 
Constant Southworth, 
Capt. Standish, 
John Hey ward, « 

John Farneseed, 
Thomas Bonney, 

Robert Hussey, 
Richard Wilson, 
Thomas Hey ward, Sen., 
Thomas Hey ward, Jr. 
Thomas Robins, 
Arthur Harris, 
Edward Hall, 
C. Wadsworlh, 
Wm. Clark, 
Mr. Comfort Starr, 
John Starr, 
-Daniel Turner, 
Geo. Partridge, 
John Maynard, 
Stephen Bryant, 
John Rogers, 
Joseph Rogers, 
Joseph Prior, 
Benjamin Read, 
Abraham Peirce, 
Wm. jNIerrick, 
Wm. Hartub, 
" Yong " Joseph Brewster, 


Samuel Chandler. — 80. 

1644. The Council ordered, that when an alarm is made, 
and continued in Plymouth, Duxbury, and Marshfield, there 
shall be twenty men sent from Plymouth, twenty from Dux- 
bury, and ten from Marshfield, to relieve the place where the 
alarm is continued. And when other places stand in need of 
help, a beacon to be fired, or a great fire made on the Gallows 
hill in Plymouth, on the Captain's hill in Duxbury, and on 
the hill by Mr. Thomas' house in Marshfield. These last 
regulations, it will be seen hereafter, were followed in the 
Revolution, and in the war of 1812. 

Geo. Pidcock, of Duxbury, "by reason of a cold palsy, that 
his body is subject unto, is unable to beare armes to exercise 
wth a piece," and is therefore freed from that duty ; but he 
must, nevertheless, " watch and ward w^^ such weapons as 
he can use." 

164.5. Samuel Nash was allowed to be lieutenant of the 
Duxbury company. Lt. Nash was frequently engaged in the 
military expeditions of the colony, and an officer in nearly all 
of them. He was respected by 'the people, and frequently 
honored by civil trusts, and held the office of sheriff or chief 
marshal of the colony, from his appointment in 1652, for more 

94 WAR WITH THE DUTCH. [1653. 

than twenty years. He lived in Duxbury. and, in 1684, 
" being aged, and not in a capassety to live and keep house of 
himselfe," he made over his estate to his son-in-law Clark, 
with whom he lived in his old age. 

An expedition was fitted out against the " Xarrohiggansats" 
and their confederates; and Duxbury furnished six men, 
" w^h went w'^** those that went first," and " were forth xvii 
dayes." Their names were Samuel Xash (Serg't.). William 
Brewster, \Vm. Clark. John Washburn, Nathl. Chandler, and 
Edward Ilall. They were allowed on their departure one 
pound of powder, three of bullets, a piece, and one pound of 
tobacco. The colony allowed Nash £2 IO5., and the others 
£4 OS. ; and the town afterwards paid them £6 15s. They all 
returned on Tuesday, Sept. 2d, and were disbanded on 
Wednesday. The cost of this expedition to the colony was 
£70 85. 6rf., and of this Duxbury paid £S lis. 

The Council of war of the Colon}'' — AVinslow (Pres't.), 
Prence, Standish. Hatherly, Brown, Alden, and Capt. VVm. 
Poole, and power to act, \vas vested in any three of them. 

1646. C. Southworth was appointed ensign bearer of 
the Duxbury compau}'", and held this olfice until 1653. 

1649. Capt. Standish was chosen General officer, and 
Commissary General over all the Companies in the Colony, 

1653. News reached New England of the outbreak of 
hostilities between England and Holland ; and the Court 
immediately summoned two from each town to meet on the 
6th of April, to consult together concerning tlie best methods 
of defence in their present state : which was answered by C. 
Southworth and Lt. Nash on the part of Duxbury. This 
council ordered, that £50 be raised ; a military watch be kept 
in each town, and that all be obliged to watch : and also 
recommended to each town to provide a place, whither they 
might flee for refuge, with their families on any sudden 
danger: and further ordered, that each town provide them- 
selves with a drum, and pikes ; that 20 out of every 80 in 
each town be constantly armed ; that halberds be provided 
for sergeants; and that a barrel of powder be provided for 
every fifty men : and also ordered that in the daytime one 
gun be an alarm, to be answered by any who may hear it; 
and in the night thrtc guns, or the beat of a drum ; that no 
man should raise an alarm without apparent danger ; that 
one third of every company carry their arms to meeting on 
the Lord's day, and for neglect of this last a fine of 2* 6</ to 
be paid. The Colony Council of War — Bradford, (Pres't,) 
Prence, Standish, Brown, Hatherly, Alden, Capt. Willct, 
Capt. Cudworlh, and Lt. Southworth ; and the same were 
chosen again in 1651, with the addition of Mr. Collier and 
John VViuslow. 


Sixty men were ordered to be raised, and of this number 
six were to be from Dnxbnry. The officers were Stand ish, 
Capt. ; Tho. Southworth, Lt. ; and Hezekiah Hoare, Ensign. 
Two barques were pressed into the service. There were 
divided among the towns, 5 barrels of powder, 500 pounds of 
lead, 10 guns, 10 swords, 20 belts and 10 locks. This was 
for an expedition against the Dutch in New York, and its 
cost to the Colony was 118£ 155. In the next year (1654,) 
still further demonstrations were made against the Dutch ; 
and the council of war ordered that 50 men be raised to meet 
with Major Robt. Sedgwick and Capt. John Leverett, to 
accompany them on an intended expedition against the Dutch 
at "Monhatoes;" and of this number Duxbury was to fur- 
nish six men. The officers were Standish, Capt. ; Matthew 
Fuller, Lt. ; and Hoare, Ensign. Instructions were given to 
Standish, dated June 20th, 1654, ordering him to be ready at 
Plymouth on the 28th of June, and to march on the next day 
to Manomet. and there to embark on board the bark Adven- 
ter, and then form a junction with Sedgwick. This was 
probably the last expedition in which Standish was engaged, 
and though now far advanced in years, he was still consid- 
ered the best person upon whom the command could 
devolve; and he still enjoyed the highest confidence of the 
people, and in the instructions last named, in speaking of 
him, they say, "of whose approved fidelitie and abiUitie wee 
have had long experience." 

The Commissioners of the United Colonies to send a force 
of horse and foot against Nijuiegretf, the iS'iantick Sachem, 
and afterwards, if necessary, to send a reinforcement and to 
make war upon him. Plymouth Colony was to furnish 51 
men, and of these Duxbury to find six men with provisions 
for three days; and of the expense on the Colony (£44 3s) 
Duxbury paid £3 135 8d. 

Josiah Standish was this year appointed Ensign of the 
Duxbury Company. 

1656. This year occurred the death of Capf. Standish, 
who was at this time the chief commanding officer in the 
colony. He died Oct. 3d, 1656, ae. 72, "a man full of years 
and honored by his generation." Secretary Morton in record- 
ing his death says, — "He growing very ancient, became sick 
of the Stone or Strangullion, whereof after his sufl'ering of 
much dolorous pain, he fell asleep in the Lord, and was 
honorably buried at Duxbury." 

In a copy of the Memorial, in the Library of the Massa- 
chusetts Historical Society, and which belonged to Prince, he 
has written in the margin the following note, from which we 
determine the day of Standish's death, which is found in no 
other place recorded. The portions in brackets are gone, and 


are supplied from conjecture. '• lu y^ List at y^ e[nd] of 
Gou"" Bradford's MSS Folio tis writ y* Capt. Staudish Died 
Octob. 3, 16oo. But his son Win's Table Book says Oct. 3, 
1650, and Capt. Standish being chosen assist[ant] in 1656, 
shows yt liis death must [have occurred in this last year.] 

In this place it may not be improper to give a brief account 
of the Standish Family in England, the particulars of which 
were not received in time for insertion along with the bio- 
graphical sketch of the Plym.outh hero commenced on p. 48. 

Of this stock, of which there is no doubt the Duxbury 
Captain was a scion, Betham, in his Baronetage of England 
(II. p. 454) says, — "This family is of good antiquity and 
note, being denominated from the Lordship of Standish in 
Lancashire in their possession for many ages. But many of 
the ancient records and evidences of tlie family are so worn 
out by time, and wrote in such strange hands, that no more 
can be gathered from them, than what follows " — and next 
is given an outline of the family in the male line, through the 
first born sons Burke in his "Dormant Baronetages," calls 
the family one of antiquity and note, and derives the two 
families of Standishes of Standish and of Duxbury, from the 
same ancestor. The two sons of Ralph Standisli (the son 
of Thurston de Standisli) divided among themselves the 
estates, and one Jordan is ancestor of the branch of Stand- 
ish, while the other Hugh is the progenitor of the Standishes 
of Duxbury. These two families held opposite religious 
opinions, and became respectively the supporters of the 
Catholics and Protestants. 

The armorial beari/f^s of the family have been thus given 
by Burke, Edmonson, and others, — "Azure, three Stand- 
ishes argent." Some, liowever, say "sable" for "azure." 
And the crest, — "On a wreath, a cock argent, combed and 
wattled gules;" while another gives, — "An owl argent, 
beaked and legged or, standing on a rat sable." The baron- 
etcy of Standish was created in 1676 and became extinct in 

Clauses in the wills of Capt. Standish and of Alexander, 
his son (and it may here be observed that the name of Alex- 
ander has been a common one in the English liimily) show 
that the Captain was of the family of Standish Hall ; and 
these also have occasioned several attempts on the part of his 
descendants for the recovery of that property, named in those 
wills, the portions of which relating to this point have 
appeared on previous pages, [pp. oo & 69.] 

In the fall of 1S46, an association was formed among the 
descendants of Capt. Slandish for the purpose of making 
investigations, and upwards of .'~;3U00 were furnished to their 
agent, I. \V. II. Bromley, Esq., who started on his mission in 


November of that year, and returned in October of the 
following year, without however accomplishing the object of 
his search. I have been favored with the perusal of some of 
his correspondence with the Corresponding Secretary of the 
Association, and some brief minutes which I have gleaned 
from them may not be uninteresting. The property, to 
which it was his object to prove the right of Capt. Standish, 
comprises large tracts of rich farming lands, including several 
valuable coal mines, and produces a yearly income of £100,- 
000 or more. From a commission, which was found, 
appointing Standish to a lieutenancy in Her Majesty's 
forces on the continent, the date of his birth was fonnd, as 
also from incidents of his life in New England, whicli have 
now become a portion of her history, and from other data in 
the possession of his descendants, which all led to the conclu- 
sion that the year 1684 must have been that of his birth. 
The family seats are situated near the village of Chorlej'' in 
Lancashire, and the records of this parish were thoroughly 
investigated from the year 1.549 to 1652. And here in con- 
nection comes an incident in the researches of Mr. Bromley, 
which deserves particular attention, and causes the fair 
conclusion, that Standish was the true and rightful heir to 
the estates, and that they were truly " surreptitiously de- 
tained" from him, and are now enjoyed by those, to whom 
they do not justly belong. The records were all readily 
deciphered, with the exception of the years 1584 and 1585, 
the very dates, about which time Standish is supposed to 
have been born; and the parchment leaf which contained the 
registers of the births of these years was wholly illegible, 
and their appearance was such, that the conclusion was at 
once established, that it had been done purposely with pumice 
stone or otherwise, to destroy the legal evidence of the 
parentage of Standish, and his consequent title to the estates 
thereabout. The mutilation of these pages is supposed to 
have been accomplished, when about twenty years before, 
similar inquiries were made by the family in America. The 
rector of the parish, when afterwards requested by the inves- 
tigator to certify that the pages were gone, at once suspected 
his design of discovering the title to the property, and taking 
advantage of the rigor of the law, (as he had entered as an 
antiquarian researcher merely,) compelled him to pay the 
sum of about £15, or suffer imprisonment. 

As it was said that the Captain married his first wife in 
the Isle of Man, this island was visited with hopes of discov- 
ering there his marriage registered, but without success, as no 
records of a date early enough were to be found. And thus 
it will be seen that on account of the destruction of all legal 
proof, the property must forever remain hopelessly irre- 


9S THE QUAKERS. [1657. 

In addition to the note on page 54, it has been learned that 
one of the swords of Standish was in the possession of his 
son, Alexander, and from him descended, through his son and 
grandson, Ebcnezer and Moses, to his great grandson, Capt. 
Jolm Standish of Plympton, in whose possession it was, when 
it was borrowed by a mihtary oflicer of Carver, who wished 
it to train with, bui who never returned it. This is presumed 
to be the one deposited in the Mass. Hist. Society's Library, 
concerning whicli the present hbrarian can give no account, 
other than it has been said to have been Siandish's sword, 
and was placed there in the earliest days of the society. 

In regard to his coat of mail I have been informed by Mr. 
Moses Standish of Boston, that he himself lias seen it at the 
house of the above named Capt. John Standish, but then fast 
going to decay from exposure, though but a few years previ- 
ous it was in a perfect state. It was a clotli garment, very 
thickly interwoven with a metallic wire, so as to render it 
extremely durable, and scarcely penetrable. The suit was 
complete, including a helmet, and breastplate. 

1657. We now come to the commencement of the unhappy 
persecution of the Quakers. It is neither my object here, nor 
my incHnation to enter into the rise of this people; and 
neither is it my desire to give a history of the proceedings 
against them. We cannot but regret the harsh measures 
Avhicli were taken by our ancestors; though in what, we 
sincerely believe, tliey thought was in accordance with their 
duty. Nor is there in the character and actions of the perse- 
cuted themselves much wanting to impress upon us, that even 
they were not what they should be, for their lives certainly 
bore the semblance of an infatuated zeal. Their persecutions 
were manifold, both here and elsewhere ; but, to the honor of 
Plymouth Colony, let it be said, says Cotton, that though 
their provocations were equally great here, yet they were 
never subjected to those cruel and sanguiuarj^ laws wliich the 
other Colonies enacted. At first they were piinislicd by the 
]aw against heretics in general; but soon after special laws 
were passed against them; and persons were also prohibited 
entertaining them, on pain of a fine of £5 or a whipi)ing; and 
£2 line was imposed on all who should attend their meetings. 
Henry Howland of Dnxbury was brought before the Court in 
1657 for entertaining Uuakers at his house, and two years 
after was disfranchised of the freedom of the Colony on 
account of his repeated acts in their favor, and still again in 
16r)(J, was fined <C4 for having two meetings of foreign Qua- 
kers at his house. In 1()57 Mr. Arthur Howland was like- 
wise presented to the Court for the same proceedings; but 
refusing to give bonds, was committed and fined £4; and also 
for resisting the constable on his arrest was fined £5. And 

1657.] THE QUAKERS. 99 

again shortly afterwards he presented a paper to the Court 
concerning the Quakers, full of abuse towards the govern- 
ment, for which he was apprehended, but on consideration of 
his age and infirmities he was snlfered to go with a promise 
of future good behavior. Zoeth Howland was sentenced in 
1657 to sit in the stocks for entertaining Quakers, and saying, 
" hee would not goe to meeting to hear lyes, and that the 
Divill could preach as good a sermon as the ministers ; " and 
the next year he and his wife were fined for attending a 
Quaker meeting. John Howland, a son of the Pilgrim, then 
residing at Marshfield, was brought belbre the Court in 1657, 
for informing the Quakers at a meeting in Marshfield, that a 
warrant had been issued for them, and that officers were 
approaching. Iti 1660 John Soule was fined IGs for being at 
a Quaker meeting. Some of the families of Duxbury became 
converted to the tenets of these people, and the Barkers, the 
Rouses and the Rogerses were principal among them. 

A law was afterwards passed, prohibiting any Quaker 
having the freedom of the Colony, and not allowing iiini to 
make an oath in any case; and also that every one should 
depart the jurisdiction on pain of 20 shillings fine per week. 
I'heir books were ordered to be seized, and a fine of £10 to 
be imposed on any one who should guide them into the 
Colony. C. Southworth and Marshal Nash were ordered to 
enforce this. In 1657, one Jofm Copeland was banished 
because he said that Mr. Alden shook and trembled in his 
knees, when he was before him. As appears by the following 
record, the meetings of the Quakers were frequently held in 
Duxbury: 1660. "Whereas there is a constant monthly 
meeting of Quakers from Divers places in great numbers, 
which is very oifensive and may prove greatly prejudicial to 
the government, and as the most constant place for such 
meetings is at Duxbury, the Court have desired and appointed 
C. Southworth and \Y. Pabodie to repair to such meetmgs, 
together with the marshal or constable of the town, and to 
use their best endeavors, by argument and discourse, to con- 
vince or hinder them." In 1657, Humphrey Norton, claiming 
to be a prophet, was ordered to depart the jurisdiction ; but 
he soon returned with John Rouse, and repeated his former 
most insulting and provoking conduct, and spoke in the pres- 
ence of the Court unto the Governor in terms like this : " Thy 
clamorous tongue, I regard no more than the dust under my 
feet ; and thou art like a scolding woman, and thou pratest 
and deridest me," &;c. He was whipped and left the govern- 
ment, and soon after addressed letters to Gov. Prence and Mr. 
Alden, couched in the most abusive terms. To Prence, he 
says: " Thou hast bent thy heart to work wickedness, and 
with thy tongue hast set forth deceit. ***** John 
Alden is to thee like unto a pack horse, whereupon thou 

100 THE QUAKERS. [1657. 

layest thy beastly bag. Cursed are all they that have a hand 
therein; the cry of vengeance will pursue thee day and 
night." His letter to Mr. Alden was not less scandalous. 
It was as follows: "John Alden, I have weighed thy waies, 
and thou art like one fallen from thy first love; a tendernes 
once I did see in thee and moderation to act like a sober man ; 
which through evill counccU and selfe love thou art drawne 
aside from ; if there bee in thee any expectation of mercy doe 
thou follow the example of Timothy Hatherley ; * and with- 
draw thy body forever appeering att that beastly bench ; 
where the law of God is cast behind youer backes; and from 
whence God hath withdrawne himselfe untill he have 
ovturned it and settled such as shall acte according to his 
law and contrary to the will of man ; alsoe account thou 
must for that wicked acte in sending forth thy warrant lo 
force away other men's goods for keeping the law of Christ ; 
againe let the cursed purse be cast out of thy house, wherein 
is held the goods of other men, lest through it a moth enter 
into thy house, and a mildew upon thy estate; for in keeping 
of it, and acteing for it, thou art noe other, then a pack horse 
to Thomas J-*rence ; which of in the councell of God thou 
stand his p''seni flattery to the, wilbee turned into enmitie and 
wrath against thee, and then would thou see that thou art sett 
in the midest of a companie that's like a hedge of vipers, the 
best of them is not worthy to hew wood in the house of our 
God. Receive my instruction into thy hart as oyle and 
depart from amongst them ; and thou wilt see that it is beter 
to live of thyne owne like a poor wise man and att peace 
with God and his people, then like a selfe conceited fool 
putfed up with the prid of his hart, because hee hath gotten 
the name of a Majestrate, as some of them is ; in love this is 
written to disharten thee in time before the evill day overtake 
thee ; lett it bee soe received from thy frind. 

Humphrey Norton. 
Consider how coruptly thou dealt concerning the paper 
p''sented to Tho : Prence and thee and others. 

Road Hand, this IG*''- 4ih. mo : 5S: 
For John Alden, called Magestrate 
in Plymouth Pattent, 
these deliver." 

* Mr. Ilalherly, it will be remembered, had been left out of the board of 
assistants, because of his firm opposition to tiie harsh measures towards tb.e 
Quakers. And also Capt. Cudworlh, Mr. IJrown and Mr. Isaac Robinson 
(son of Rev. John of Leyden,) were removed from tlie bench ; but on the 
revulsion of public feeling a few years later, these were all restored to their 
former rijjbts. Ca|)t. Cudworth, in writiujf to Mr. Brown at London, says : 
" Mr. Alden has deceived tho expectations of many, and indeed lost the 
affections of such as I judj^c were iiis cordial clirislian friends, who is very 
active in such ways, as I pray Ood may not be charged upon him, to be 
oppressions of a high nature." Dcane^s Scitualc. 


The appearance of the Quakers was at a time, when the 
colony was in a low and depressed state, both as regards their 
civil and religious aftairs ; and sufficient cause was therefor 
the appointment of a day of humUiation (Oct. 21st, 1(558), to 
humble their souls before God, and to seek his face, on account 
of the many manifest signs of liis displeasure, as made evident 
by the prevailing sickness among families, by the unseasona- 
bleness of the weather, whereby the crops were endangered, 
by the appearance of that scourge, the Quakers, and by the 
prevalence of a spirit of division and disimion in chiu'ch and 
civil aftairs. 

1658. A council of loar of sixteen were appointed, includ- 
ing Mr. Collier, Mr. Alden and C. Southworth, wiiich ordered 
that the military company of Duxbury be allowed to exercise 
and train, when they wish ; and of this company Jonathan 
Alden was appointed ensign. Josiah Winslow was raised to 
the chief military command, with the title oi Major, and the 
following were made members of Ins council : C. Southworth, 
Lt. Nash, Lt. Joseph Rogers and Ens. Standish. Thirty 
shillings were granted to every one of a troop of horse, fur- 
nished by each town. 

1660. It was ordered, that during any appearance of dan- 
ger, a military watch be kept in the town in the most conve- 
nient place for giving an alarm ; that the motions of any ves- 
sels that appear on the coast be watched; and that three guns 
be a signal m the night, and fires be lighted, where the alarm 
is made. 

1667. The council of var of the colony at this time were 
Gov. Prence (Pres't.), Alden, VVinslow, Capt. Thomas South- 
worth, Capt. Wm, Bradford, Hinckley, Anthony Thacher, C. 
Southworth and Nathl. Bacon. They ordered: — I. That 
land and sea watches be kept. II. "^I'hat three guns be an 
alarm at night, with fires. 111. That the troops of each town 
may be ordered to go out as scouts, and carry intelligence. 
IV. That each town make return of their number of horse 
and foot. V. That the soldiers be at the command of their 
officers. VI. Dutch and French to be considered common en- 
emies. VII. That when any town is in distress, the next 
town shall send aid to the number of one third or one half 
of their own men. VIII. That the Indian sachems be ad- 
vised to employ their men in watching for vessels ; antl also 
advised not to venture on board any vessel; and forbid 
making any false alarm. IX. That no shooting be allowed 
at pigeons or other game during time of danger. X. That 
each town provide some place of retreat of their women and 
children on an alarm, that the " men may with less destraction 
face an enemie." XI. That the troopers of Plymouth serve 
as the Governor's body guard. XII. That all above sixty 


years old, if of competent estates, be required to provide a man. 
XIII. That whoever should refuse to do dutV; when com- 
manded, be fined five shillings. XIY. That the council of 
each town in time of danger, divide among the inhabitants the 
arms and ammunition. 

The commissioned oflicers of the town, with Mr. Alden, 
C. South worth and Lt. Staudish, were to be the council of 
war for Duxbury. The following orders were imposed on the 
'■^Courts of ^?/a/Y/," to be observed while on duty : I. That 
there be no quarreling among themselves. 11. That there be 
no correspondence with the enemy. III. That none sleep, 
or otherwise neglect their duty, or depart at all from their 
posts. IV. That none disclose the watchword to the enemy. 
V. That none make a needless alarm, day or niaht. VI. That 
on alarm every one fly to his post. VII. That none fly in 
fight, until a retreat is ordered ; or quit a place while it is de- 
fensible. VIII. That every private keep his arms clean, and 
be forbidden to sell them. IX. That none, on pain of death, 
abuse a sentinel while on duty, but be obliged to obey him. 
X. That all sentinels carefully attend to their duty. 

1671. The Colony council of war consisted of the magis- 
trates, and others joined with them. Messengers were sent to 
the Saconet Indians, ordering them to bring m their English 
arms; and then, should they refuse to comply therewith, 
means were to be taken " to reduce them to reason ;" and 100 
men were to be sent against them, to start from Plymouth on 
tlie Sth of August. Their officers to be Maj. Winslow, Com- 
mander; John Freeman, Lt. ; C. Southworth, Commissary; 
Capt. Fuller, Lt. and Surgeon ; Wm. Witherell and Elisha 
Hedge, Sergeants. Forty of the "trustiest Indians'" were to 
accompany them. There were raised 102 men, and Uuxbury 
furnished five. Their pay was, — for the Commander 10s. 
per day ; for the Lt. 6s. ; for the sergeants 45. ; for a private 
(man and horse) 3s. The 9th of August was appointed to be 
observed by the churches of the colony, as a <lay of hutn ilia- 
lion, "to seek the favor of God, and his blessing on us on the 
intended expedition." The council was sunnnoncd on the 
13th of September, to meet at Plymoutli with Philip, to have 
an interview with him, as it was understood that he medi- 
tated hostilities. Philip, however, went to the Massachusetts 
colony, and made false complaints against Plymouth colony.* 

* The followincf orifjinal letter 1 find in Mr. Kent's MS. Collections : It 
relates to the aHairs of tiiis period, and deserves {)ul)licati()n. The address 
is wanting. It was originally in the hands of the JJingley family of 

"Swansea: A i»ri : 1: 1071: much honored sir yours I reseaved this 
first of April \vherel)y I perseave you desired to know what jiosture the In- 
dians are in. I doe not findc ihein to continue in a posture of war as they 

1675.J PHILIP'S WAR. 103 

1673. The colony council ordered that, when a town shall 
be in distress, the chief ofiicer of the next town shall send such 
aid as they may think proper; and that power be given them 
to press men. Towards the latter part of the year (Dec. 17.) 
this Court was called together, on an "extraordinary occa- 
tion," on account of the war with the Dutch. Taking into 
consideration the repeated demonstrations of hostility on the 
part of the enemy, their intended invasion of Long Island, 
their large array of armed vessels, which were very prejudicial, 
they determined to endeavor to undertake their removal, think- 
ing all this a just ground for war; and notwithstanding the 
lateness of the season, fearing that the Dutch would have 
recruits early in the spring, they judged it best to make an 
immediate attack. Though they considered that they were 
"apparently overrated " in the proportion of the confederate 
colonies, iliey determined to raise their quota, 100 men, if 
sufficient provisions could be obtamed.for their voyage and 
march. Their officers on the expedition were, — Capt. James 
Cudworth, (pay per day 6s.) ; Lt, John Gorham, {os.) ; En- 
sign .Michael Peirce, (4.?.); Sergeants Wm. Witherell, Thomas 
Harvey, John Witherell and Philip Leonard, (3s. each) ; 
Surgeon-General, Matthew Fuller, if the Massachusetts should 
approve. The pay of a drummer was 2s. 6t/., and that of a 
private 2s. per day. Instructions were given the commander, 
that he should hrst sunmion them to surrender, with a pro- 
mise of their estates and liberties. 

1675. The stifled contentions, which had existed with the 
Indians for several years, now broke forth in open warfare ; 
and they clearly declared their intention of extirpating the 
PJnglish. The tirst blood was shed June 24th. The die was 
now cast, and the English determined on a vigorous prosecu- 
tion of the war. The United Colonies ordered (Sept. 9th) 
1000 men to be raised, and of Plymouth's share (158 men), 
Duxbury furnished eight (one for the Mount Hope guard). 
Gov. Winslow was appointed commander-in-chief of the Eng- 
lish forces; Major Cudworth commander of the Plymouth 
troops, and captain of one of the companies, with Serg't Robt. 
Barker for his Lt. ; John Gorham captain of the other com- 
pany, and Ens. Jno. Sparrow, Lt. ; Mr. Hinckley was Com- 

have beene. I went to Mount hope the last second day one purpos to see 
there proseedings & was at manie of there houses ; but sawe noething as 
intendings to war, but asking them what was y" reason ye kept together at 
Mount hope, the[y] answered it was to see Philip's childe buried & did 
intend to returne home assoune as the child was buried, & 1 have scene 
sum returne, but yet the greatest part of them are together, & lhe[y] give 
the reason beecause the wind blowd soe agaynst them y' they cannot get 
home with there canowes, not els, but rest yours to command in what I am 
able. Hugh Cole." 

104 PHILIP'S WAR. [1675. 

missary-General. and Lt. John Brown captain of the Mt. Hope 
guard, which consisted of 25 men. During times of danger, 
every one was ordered to go to meeting on the Sabbath armed, 
with five ciiarges of powder, under penalty of two shiihngs 
for the town's use. No one was permitted to shoot a gun, 
except at an Indian or a woH', inider forfeiture of five shiUings. 
The 14th of October was appointed a day of hurnihation 
throughout the colony, " to humble our soules and seeke and 
begg the Lords healp in our p^sent troubles." It was now 
ordered, tliat the troops of any town may pursue the attack 
on the Indians, thoiigli without their borders, if a good oppor- 
tunity olfcrs. The Council of war was next convened at 
Marshfield, Dec. 8th, when an address was ordered to be sent 
to the various plantations, exhorting them to express their 
wonted cheerfulness and courage in engaging in service, assur- 
ing them that they would be comfortably provided for, and 
that those who "cheerfully tender themselves to the expedi- 
tion, or to presse shalbe looked upon with singular respect." 

Lt. Barker was afterwards "degraded from the honor and 
office of Lieutenant," and fined 15s., because he " broke away 
from the army, when they were- on their march, in a muti- 
nous way, and by his example allured others." 

After the march of the above forces, the officers of the tow;i 
were ordered to exercise one half of their men each day, until 
further orders. The troops sent ogainst Philip were to assem- 
ble at Providence on the lUth of December, 

The council was next assembled at Duxbury, Dec. 30th, 
when 120 more men were ordered to be raised, and of these 
Duxbury to furnish six; and should anyone refuse to go, 
when he had been pressed, he was to be fined 10s. for the 
town's use. The Council next met at Marshfield, and in 
order " to prevent the withdrawing of the inhabitants in this 
time of publicke callamitie and trouble," every one was for- 
bidden to depart from the town, on pain of forfeiture of his 
estate. Mr. Alden, C. Southworth, and J. Standish, together 
with the commissioned officers of the town, were appointed a 
council of war for Duxbury; and power was given them to 
establish wards in the day time, and watches in the night ; 
to ffx garrisons, send out scouts and have a general super- 
vision of the arms of the town; and to provide their men 
with "fixed arms and suitable ammunition." The next 
meeting of the Colony Council was at IMymouth, March 10th, 
1671), and at this time power was given to the President of 
the Council to order the return of the troops, when desirable; 
and it was connnanded that the order concerning the unneces- 
sary discharging of fire-arms "bee put in reall and vigorous 
execution." The sum of £1000 was to be raised to pay the 
soldiers who had served in the expedition, and Duxbury paid 
her share of .C46 lis. 


Early in the spring of this year, Capt. Michael Peirce of 
Scituate was sent against the Narragansets with 50 English, 
and 20 Indian allies. Near Pawtucket he was met by an 
overwhelming force of the enemy under Canonacut, and 
nearly every one of the English fell. This occurred on the 
Sabbath, March 26. These of Duxbury were slain, — John 
Spragne, Benjamin Sonle, Thomas Hunt and Joshua Fobes; 
and these of Marshfield, — Thomas Little, Joseph White, 
Joseph Phillips. John Low, John Brance, John Earns, John 
Burrows, Samuel Bump and More. 

March 29th. The Council ordered "by reason of the near 
approach of our enemie," that 300 English (sixteen from 
Duxbury) and 100 Indians should march against them by the 
11th of April. All youths in the town under sixteen years of 
age were required to watch and ward, as they may be judged 
able by their Commander, and " upon consideration of the 
late sad and awful hand of God upon Rehoboth," the town 
was ordered to collect themselves in fewer garrisons of 10 or 
12 men each, and especially to guard and defend their mills. 
April 26th, at Plymouth assembled, the Council determined 
that in every allowed garrison and fortified place, one-fifth of 
the men should be constantly armed and in readiness for ser- 
vice. The Town Coimcil were authorized to employ men, 
" as a scout for the descovery or surprisal of the enemie " in 
the town and neighborhood ; and a fine of £5 was to be 
imposed, if they did not maintain a standing scout. Twenty- 
three pounds of bullets were voted to the sofdiers of Duxbury. 

On the 21st of June, a body of 154 English and 50 Indians 
marched forth against the enemy. Duxbury sent, of this 
number, nine men ; and of the cost on the Colony for provid- 
ing them (£164 10s.) she paid £9 10s. 

This war was continued for nearly two years with savage 
fury, when king Philip, driven from swamp to swamp, his 
family, captured, the greater part of his warriors slain, and 
himself hunted like a beast, was finally killed by Alderman, 
a friendly Indian of Capt. Church's party, who shot him 
through the heart, as he was escaping from a swamp, Aug. 
12th, 1676. Thus ended the war with the death of Philip of 
Mount Hope. Philip of Macedon forms not a more conspicu- 
ous character in the annals of Greece, than does the Sachem 
of the Wampanoags in the history of New England, Doubt- 
less he foresaw the unlimited extension of the English 
possessions, the loss of his own and the extinction of his 
tribe, and thus determined on a final and, as he might hope, 
decisive struggle to stay the progress of the white man's sway. 
After his death the Indians generally submitted, though at 
the eastward the war was carried on for some years. The 
loss of the English during the war was about 600 men, 12 or 


14 towns and 600 buildings ; and many families were entirely 
bereft of support by the loss of their fathers and brothers. 
And it was to the generosity of their Irish Christian friends, 
that New England owed mnch in their state of distress in the 
following year. Of this "contribution made by divers chris- 
tians in Ireland for the releifte of such as are impoverished, 
Distressed and in necessitie by the late Indian warr," Duxbury 
received £2, and Mr. Josiah Standish and William Pabodie 
were appointed to distribute it. Though tiie town was in no 
instance attacked by the enemy, yet many of its inhabitants 
fell victims abroad to their savage cruelty. The principal 
actors in this struggle were Cov. Winslow, Maj. Bradford, 
Capt. Church, Capt. Peirce, and Lt. Jabez Howland. 

Capt. Benjamin Church, though by some said to have been 
son of Joseph Church, who was of Duxbury in 1639, is 
generally beheved to have been born at Plymouth in 1639, 
and a son of Richard Church, the carpenter. The son was of 
the same trade. He appears to have come to Duxbury about 
1668 or 9, for in the latter year, (May 3d) he had a grant of 
30 acres of meadow between Namasakeeset brook, Indian 
Head river and the great Cedar swamp; and in the next year 
at a town meeting. May 23d, he requested an addition of five 
acres, which was granted.* He also owned land at Mill 
brook, and was probably an inhabitant of the town until 
about 1680. In 1681 he is called of Punckatcosett. He 
afterwards settled at Bristol, then at Fall River, and finally 
at Seconet, and at each of these places he acquired and left a 
considerable estate. During IMiilip's war he was a Captain, 
and commanded the party by which Philip was slain. His 
military fame at the eastward, while in command of the 
several expeditions against the Indians in that quarter, and 
his skill and prudence, as well as courage in conducting them, 
have earned for him the honor of being possessed of military 
talents, almost equal to the renowned Myles Standish. On 
the 17th of January, 1718, then residing at Little Compton, 
in the morning he visited on horseback his only sister, Mrs. 
Irish, and returning fell from his horse, and being portly and 
very heavy, he struck the ground with such violence, as to 
burst a bloodvessel, which caused his death in about twelve 
hours ; and he was biu'ied with great pomp and parade. 

His son Tiiomas wrote a History of Philip's war and his 
expeditions at the eastward. 

* The site of his house was a few years a?o identified, by the bricks 
remaining, between Churcli's hill and Mr. Pelcg Weston's at Duck ]Iill 


The autograph of the Colonel, liere annexed, was written 
in 1670, and is in the fairest hand of any the author has met 
with. His chirography was in general bad. 

ht. Jabez Howland was a son of the pilgrim, John 
Rowland. In Church's history is narrated the following 
anecdote of him. He was one of the first to join Capt. 
Church on his expedition to Sandwich to secure the alliance 
of the Sogkonates. Church arrived at Sippican River with 
only six men, and here, "Mr. Howland began to tire, upon 
which Mr. Church left him with two men as a reserve at the 
river, that if he should meet with enemies, and be forced 
back, they might be ready to assist them in getting over the 
river." Church having accomplished his design, was return- 
ing with some of the Indians, when "having a mind to try 
what mettle he was made of, imparted his notion to the 
Indians, and gave them direction how to act their parts. 
When he came pretty near the place, he and his Englishmen 
pretendedly fled, firing on their retreat towards the Indians 
that pursued them. Mr. Howland being upon his guard, 
hearing the guns, and by and by seeing the motion both of 
English and Indians, concluding that his friends were 
distressed, was soon on the full career on horseback to meet 
them, when he perceived them laughing and mistrusted the 
truth." He continued in the war during its whole length 
and was of signal service ; and afterwards settled at Bristol, 
where he was allowed to keep a house of entertainment. He 
was an officer in the company of that town. His brother 
Isaac, also an oflicer of the war, settled at Middleboro', kept 
there an ordinary in 16S4 and died 1724. Another brother, 
Lt. Joseph, was also an olficer of the war, and lived at 

1681. The commissioned officers of the town with three 
others were constituted a council of war. Samuel Hunt was 
lieutenant of the company of the town. 

1682. The confirmation of their charter privileges and 
the extension of the same had now engaged the attention of 
the Government of the Colony for some years, and in view 
of its establishment, they determined to despatch an agent to 
the Crown, to solicit and acquire the object of their hopes. 
The selection of a proper person to represent their views and 
supplications in the hearing of their King, now seemed 
desirable, and with great unanimity the Rev. Mr. Wiswall 
became the object of their choice. Mr. Arnold and Lt. 


Morton were next ordered to wait upon the Church and 
Congregation of Mr. Wiswall at Duxbiiry, with a letter of 
entreaty, requesting them to resign for a season the labors of 
their pastor to the service of their country- This letter is 
preserved among the Hinckley papers in the Archives of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, and is thus addressed: — 
"The Generall Court now Assembled at Plimouth to the 
Brethren of the Church in Duxborrough send wishing the 
continuance and increase of Grace, and all spirituall Bless- 
ings in heavenly places in Jesus Christ o"" Lord." The letter 
then proceeds, bearing testimony highly creditable to the 
character of Wiswall, though it is but a reechoing of that 
voice of commendation, which was continually proclaiming 
its praises of the worth of those services among the people of 
the Colony, which were the labors of him, whose name is 
still associated with all that is dear to the causes of religion 
and humanity. 

" Brethren, honoured and beloved. 

"The pi'sent state of this Colloney, which is much on 
o"" heart, and we hope on yours also, requiring (as we judge) 
that we should make o"" Addresse to the King's Majesty in 
order to the Confirmation and Enlargem^ of o"" priviledges, 
whereunto we are by him graciously invited & encouraged; 
we have judged it meet that as a Superaddition to former 
applications we should addresse ourselves to him by an 
Agent, and the God of All Wisdome, having (as we hope) of 
his abundant mercy directed this Court with great unanimity 
to fix our eyes upon, and make choice of yo"" Revd Pastour, 
as a person we esteem well accomplished for that affair: It is 
our instant request to yourselves in whose liearts we doubt 
not God hath given him a great interest, that as you have 
received so great a gift from God, you will now at his 
Demand Lend him to the Lord for a little season to give up 
himselfe to a service, wherein not only your own, but the 
weal of all these churches, and the whole Colloney, together 
with the Glory of God is highly concerned, in hope that at 
his hand you shall after a while receive him again with 
advantage. ******* Now Brethren, may it 
please the Lord of his great goodnes to incline yo^ hearts to 
deny yourselves thus farr for the publick good; you will 
therein no doubt bring much honour to God through the 
Thanksgivings of many, especially if the Lord soe farr 
delight in us, as to crown the affair with his blessing. * * * 
Brethren and friends. 

By order of the Generall Court, 

Nathaniel Morton, Secretary." 


This letter bore date at "Plimouth, ffeb"- 8, 8|," and in a 
postscript was added, — " The time desired you would please 
to appoint to give meeting to our s^ ffriends to receive your 
answer is on next fourth day [February 14th] about ten a 
clock at your meeting house." A presentation of the facts 
was also made to the town, and their consideration likewise 
enjoined upon them. 

The assembly was held according to the advice of the 
Court, and having "sought God by prayer," they with 
"much agitation and variety of apprehensions, relating to 
the weighty case," remained until " the day being far spent," 
when Capt. Standish arose and put the question to vote, and 
of the thirty-eight persons present — "divers of the inhab- 
itants being absent" — only fifteen, and of these nine were 
of the Church, voted in the affirmative, while twenty-three 
dissented, the "Deputy Governor [Mr. Alden] suspending his 
vote, not acting either way." Most of the "judicious and 
considerate " of the meeting would have willingly consented to 
the request of the Court, with the exception of " the worship- 
full Mr. Alden, who out of his pious and zealous affection to 
his pastor and his labors, did dissent, and the Lieutenant, his 
son." Nevertheless "Mr. Wiswall did fully declare himselfe 
willing in y^ assembly to attend y*^ work;" but their great 
objection was that his labors abroad would loosen the ties 
and bonds of connection, naturally existing between the 
pastor and his people. Mr. Wiswall however thought other- 
wise, " assuring them that he was theirs and that if God 
called him to that work, and spared his life to returne, they 
might challenge him as their owne." 

Mr. Wiswall was afterwards, as it will appear, one of the 
three appointed agents of the Colonial government, despatched 
on a similar mission to England in 1690. 

1686, May 24th. " The Town was very much dissatisfied 
with the new laws, espetially respecting the County Courts, 
and the severyty of the J-jaws, conserning millitary dissipline 
and doe therefore give in charge to our Deputys at the 
General Court absolutely to declare against them." 

In 1684, ^ir Edmund Andros was sent to New England 
as a spy, and returning, excited the jealousy of the British 
Government by collecting false charges against them, and so 
influenced the high Court of Chancery, that it was decided 
that the colonies had forfeited their charters, and that hence- 
forth, they should be under the king's control. At this 
juncture, Andros was commissioned as Governor General 
and Vice Admiral of JN^ew England, New York and the 
Jersies, and arrived at Boston on the 29th of December, 1686; 
and like all tyrants began his rule with professions of high 
regard for the public welfare. It was not long, however, 


before changes occurred. They were unable to brook the 
petty tyranny of this agent of despotism. The Hberty of the 
press had been restrained ; their freedom of conscience 
infringed, and their cries of oppression sounded for naught. 
The titles to their land were questioned, and only to be 
retained by exorbitant fees. Their popular assemblies were 
forbidden, and the inhabitants of the towns were prevented 
from joining in meeting, and, lest cries of oppression should 
reach the throne, all were forbidden to leave the government. 
Happily his tyranny was of short duration. James having 
abdicated the tlirone, (1689) he was succeeded by William 
and Mary, who were proclaimed in February. A rumor of 
the landing of William had been received in Boston, but 
before a confirmation, a most daring revolution was effected 
by the colonists. The public mind was agitated, and on the 
morning of the 18th of April, their fury burst upon their 
oppressors with terrific violence, driving every thing before 
them, they purged the country of their obnoxious presence. 
Andros was imprisoned and sent to England. 

Measures were immediately taken for restoring their former 
government, and Gov. Hinckley ordered a council to delibe- 
rate concerning the matter. In relation to this, we find in the 
Town records, the following: — April 30th, "Town mad 
choice of Bcnjamen Bartlet, Sen""- & Deacon Wadsworth to be 
their agents (upon the Request of M""- Thomas Hinkle), and 
together with the Agents of other Towns to setle a counsell to 
consider of such things as may |be] expedient for us under the 
present junture of providence untill our former time of elec- 
tion, which useth to be on the first tewsday in June. We, the 
inhabitants of the town of Duxborough, doe desier that Mr. 
Hinkle & the rest of the ould magestrates that doe yet survive 
may be the present counsell according to the former limitation 
& no other, & father our desier is that all those that have lib- 
erty to vote in our Town meetings or the choice of Deputys A: 
others may have liberty to vote in choice of Governer & assist- 
ants & if the Countys continew, that all such may have power 
to chuse their county assistants." 

No sooner had the colonies emerged from tlie troubles above 
related, than tlicir most strenuous exertions were obliged to be 
directed in another quarter. A serious outbreak of the Indians 
had begun in Canada and at the eastward. They had com- 
mitted depredations on the English, and made other hostile 
movements against them ; and by common consent of the col- 
onics an expedition was fitted out against them, under the 
command of Capt. Church ; and the English and Indians were 
exhorted to enlist, A sum of £()7 Ws. was demanded of the 
towns for fitting it out, and Duxbury was to furnish not less 
thari £2 lOs. Duxbury sent two men, each provided with " a 


well fixt gun, sword, a hatchet, a home or cartouch-box, suit- 
able amunition & a snapsack." The 28th of August was 
appointed as a dmj of humiliation. The charge of this expe- 
dition on the colony was £750, and on Duxbury £25. 

This year Jonathan Alden was elected captain ; John Tracy 
lieutenant ; and Francis Barker ensign of the Duxbury com- 
pany; and this choice was approved by the Court. 

Capt. Jonathan Alden was the youngest son of the Pilgrim, 
John Alden, and was born about 1627. He lived on the 
paternal domain, and was much employed in the civil atfairs 
of the town, and a selectman for several years He was much 
respected and honored by his townsmen, and inherited the 
virtues of his father. He was admitted a freeman in 1657, 
and chosen ensign of the company in 167i, afterwards lieu- 
tenant, and then captain, and continued in this capacity until 
his death, which occurred in February, 1697. He was buried 
under arms on the 17th, when an Address was delivered at 
the grave by Rev. Mr. VViswall, from which these passages 
are selected, — Alden' s Epitaphs. 

" .Neighbours and friends, we are assembled this day in a 
posture of mourning, to solemnize the funeral of the present 
deceased, to pay our last tribute of respect to a person well 
known among us. I need not enlarge upon his character, but, 
in brief, am bold to say thus much. He stepped over his 
youth, without the usual stains of vanity. In his riper years 
he approved himself a good Commonwealth's man ; and, which 
is the crown of all, a sincere Christian, one whose heart was 
in the house of God, even when his body was barred hence by 
the restraints of many difficulties, which confined him at home. 
He could say, in truth. Lord, I have loved the habitation of 
thy house. He earnestly desired the enlargement of Jerusa- 
lem, and inwardly lamented that the ways to Zion did mourn, 
because so few did flock to her solemn feasts ; but is now 
united to that general assembly, where is no more cause of 
sorrow on that account. 

" As to his quality in our militia, he was a leader, and I 
dare say rather loved than feared of his company. 

'• Fellow Soldiers, you are come to lay your leader in the 
dust, to lodge him in his quiet and solemn repose. You are 
no more to follow him in the field. No sound of rallying drum, 
nor shrillest trumpet will awaken him, till the general muster, 
when the Son of God will cause that trumpet to be blown, 
whose echoes shall shake the foundations of the heavens and 
the earth, and raise the dead. 

" Fellow Soldiers, you have followed him into the field, ap- 
peared in your arms, stood your ground, marched, counter- 
marched, made ready, advanced, fired, and retreated ; and all 
at his command. You have been conformable to his mill- 

112 CHARTER OF 1691. [1691. 

tary commands and postures, and it is to your credit. But, 
let me tell you, this day he has acted one posture before your 
eyes, and your are all at a stand! No man stirs a foot after 
him ! But the day is hastening, wherein you must all conform 
to his present posture, — I mean, be laid in the dust." 

Mr. Wiswall, after olfering various solemn exhortations, 
with scriptural quotations, concluded his address thus : — 

" Fellow !:5oldiers ; Oh ! consider how dreadful it will prove, 
if, after you have with a matchless bravery of spirit acted the 
part of soldiers on earth, you should in the mean time forget 
your Christian armor and discipline, and bo numbered among 
those mentioned in Ezek. xxxii. 2(), 27, who, having been the 
terror of the mighty in the land of the living, yet went down 
to hell with their weapons of war, their iniquities remaining 
upon their bones! which that you may all escape, follow your 
deceased leader, as he followed Christ; and then though death 
may for a short space of time tyrannize over your frail bodies 
in the grave, yet you shall rise with him in triumph, when 
the great trumpet shall sound, and appear listed in the nmster 
roll of tlie Prince of the earth, the Captain of our eternal sal- 

Benjamin Bartlett was chosen Sergeant, and in 1691 Ensign, 
which latter post was afterwards filled by Samuel Seabury. 

1690. The war being still prosecuted by the enemy in 
Canada, 62 men were sent by water to Albany to join the 
forces of New York and Albany against the common enemy. 
Three of these men were from Duxbury. The 31st of April 
was appointed a day of humiliation. April 2d, several orders 
were passed for establishing wards and watches, and espe- 
cially in all seaport towns, &c. A letter was received from 
Gov. Bradstrcet of Massachusetts, stating that more troops 
were required in the field, and calling upon Plymouth for their 
quota of men. Thereupon it was agreed to send 150 English 
and 50 Indians, and Dnxbury was called upon for seven men 
and two stands of arms. Joseph Silvester and John Gorham 
were chosen captains for the expedition ; and <C1350 were 
afterwards raised to pay the troops. The Town council or- 
dered, that one-third of the soldiers attend church armed, on 
the Sabbath. 

The Colonial Government appointed Sir Henry Asherst, 
Rev. Increase Mather and Rev. Iciiabod Wiswall of Duxbury, 
to apply to the English government for a charter. A meeting 
was called in l)uxl)nry, in obedience to an act of Court passed 
Feb. llth, desiring them to choose an agent, and see how 
much they could raise "towards the Publique charge, which 
was thought to be £700 in New England Moneys." We find 
this record of the meeting: — " Feabruary the 18, 1691-90. 
The Town of Duxburrough being met together, the majority 

1691. J CHARTER OF 1691. 113 

of the Town by vote did agree to send to England in ord'' to 
obtaine a charter, by manifesting their wilHngnes so to doe." 
They then voted to raise £20 "towards procuring a charter," 
and chose the "Reverend Mr. Ichabod Wiswald to be their 
agent, and desier y* power may be given him to improve 
whome he sees cause together with himselfe." 

It was the intention of the British Government at this time 
to have annexed Plymouth colony to New York ; but, chiefly 
through the instrumentality of Mr. Mather, this was prevent- 
ed ; and again, say the records, " we were like to be annexed 
to Boston, but the same [was] hindered [?] by Mr. VViswall," 
in hopes of procuring a separate charter. This probably 
would have been accomplished, could they have found suffi- 
cient means (about £500) ; but, as it was, Plymouth was an- 
nexed to Massachusetts by a charter signed October 7th, 1691, 
and has ever since been under one head with it. In 1691 the 
Colony Court, considering that they were " not capable to 
manifest their thankfulness sutable to the obligations that they 
had," voted 50 guineas to Sir Henry, and 25 apiece to the 
other agents, Mr. Mather and Mr. Wiswall. 

Previous to the sailing of the messenger for England, Gov. 
Hinckley, in a letter * to Sir Henry Asherst, dated Feb. 4th, 
1689[90j, says, " Mr. Wiswall, a minister of Duxbury in this 
colony, and a good man, whom I found at Boston here unex- 
pectedly, bound for England on request of his parish and 
other friends there to accompany these messengers, can inform 
you of the state of the Colony." On his arrival in England, 
Mr. Wiswall returned a letter f to Gov. Hinckley, advising 
them to prepare and present another address to his Majesty, 
lest they should be disappointed by neglect of asking in sea- 
son ; for, says he, some taking advantage of your inactivity, 
have been encouraged to urge our annexation to New York or 
Massachusetts ; and, if you wish to pursue your privileges, 
"neglect no time post est occasio cahna.^'' Petition under the 
Colony seal, and the King may grant you a patent of protec- 
tion for the future. " But by the way remember 10 Eccl. 19" 
— but money answereth all things. After advising them to 
write to the Earl of Monmouth, and to secure the services of 
Sh' Henry Asherst and Dr. Cook, he concludes, — 

" S""- I am unwilling to come away, re infecta^ tho I long to 
be at home as soon as may be. God Almighty direct and pro- 
tect you and yours, is and shall be the constant prayer of him, 
who is and remaines, Sr, yours and the Colony's serv'- 


" Dyers Court in Aldermanburg, at y^ signe 
of y^ golden Angel, London. 
Nov. 10, 1690." 

* Hinckley MSS. IH. 1. t Wem. HI. 27. 


114 CHARTER OF 1691. [1691. 

As has been before said, through the instumentahty of In- 
crease Mather, the project upon which the Government had 
determined, of annexing Plymouth to New York, was aban- 
doned, and she was finally adjoined in the charter to the colo- 
ny of Massachusetts ; but, says Cotton Mather to Gov. Hinck- 
ley,* " when Mr.Wiswal imderstood it, bee came and told my 
father, your colony would all curse him for it. at w<='' y^ SoUi- 
citor General being extremely moved, presently dash't it out, 
so that you are now like to be annexed unto y*^ Government of 
N. York ; and," he continues, in relation to Mr. Wiswall, "if 
you find yourselves plunged thereby into manifold miseries, 
you have none to thank for it but one of your own." This, 
however, is but the expression of that secret feeling of animo- 
sity, which was manifest in the works and words of Cotton 
Mather ; though perhaps it was a wish -to do the best for those 
whom he represented, that led him to the continuance of those 
measures which were a source of great annoyance and detri- 
ment to the pursuits of Mr. Wiswall, and which caused the 
occurrence of mutual feelings of dislike. 

In a letterf to Gov. Hinckley dated at London, July 6, 1691, 
Mr. Wiswall thus writes : 

" Hono"^'^ Sir, — I heartily sympathize with you in respect 
of y' darke cloud of Providence which hath overspread N: E : 
and daily entreat y^ father of mercie, y^ y® sun of prosperitie 
may yet once more rise, culminate and scatter y*= same to our 
eternall joy and consolation." And, he continues in a tone of 
censure, in substance, much blame must be attached to your 
dilatory action, and " that Plymouth, under its present cir- 
cumstances, should sit silent so long (may I not say sleep 
secure) is a great riddle." 

When we " consider y^ spirit which animated the first 
planters to venture their all in attempting so great hazards for 
y^ engagement of civell and religious priviledges in that day," 
and reflect upon other considerations, there is " beget the ques- 
tion, viz.. An sit natura semper sui similise 

Appended to this is a postscript in Latin, by Mr. Wiswall, 
with inferences somewhat derogatory to the character of Cot- 
ton Mather. 

•' Honorande Domine, — 

Si ex animo velis per lumen minime fallax cognoscere 
Characterem Domini C : M, (qui inter nos vindicatur patrite 
predicatur) eonsule Dominum Moodum ncc non Addingtonum, 
qui possunt ex pede Herculem metire et delineare. 

Honoris tui Incolumitatisque Plymothensis cupidissimus. 

I: W: 
Sexto quintilis a partu virginis, 1691." 

* Hinckley MSS. HI. 33. f Idem- HI- 38, 

1739.] COL. JOHN ALDEN, ETC. 115 

On the 5th of November following, Mr. VViswall again 
addressed the governor of the colony,* after the affair had been 
settled contrary to their hopes and desires ; and after giving 
the particulars of the Charter, and expressing his discontent, 
he closes with the holy benediction — 

"God grant that N. E. may know w^ is the worm which 
gnawes at the root of our once flourishing gourd. Let Him 
refine us by his furnace, bring us as gold out of the fire, give 
us the valley of Ashur for a dore of hope, restore us our vine- 
yard from thence, and make us singe as in the dayes of our 
youth, when our fathers followed him into this wilderness, 
and there was no strange God among them. Then was the 
High God their refuge, who made them sit down at his feet, 
and experience that all his saints were in his hand, and th^ 
there was the hideing of his power. So prayes he, who is 
yours and New England's hearty well wisher, servant and 
fellow-sufferer, I : W : " 

1692. Seth Arnold was chosen lieutenant, and afterwards 
captain, of the Duxbury company. He was much employed 
in the public business of the town, and frequently acted as its 
agent or attorney. 

1700-5. About these periods Samuel Bradford and Tho- 
mas Loring were lieutenants of the Duxbury company. Lt. 
Bradford is the ancestor of the Bradfords of this town, and 
held a high station among the inhabitants of that day, as re- 
gards integrity and moral worth. Lt. Loring is ancestor of 
the Lorings of the town. He appears to have first purchased 
land in Duxbury about 1702. He held the highest offices in 
the town, and some of great responsibility. He was a refined 
gentleman, much respected by his generation ; and possessed 
of a large estate, which was (chiefly moveable) valued at about 
£500, exclusive of a large store of provisions, and much land- 
ed property, including a farm at Bridgewater. 

1713, May 22d. The first notice we find of a training-field 
is under this date, when the town exchanged two or three 
acres of land with Thomas Prince, for the same quantity near 
the meeting-house, for a training-field. 

1739. This year died Col. John Alden, a grandson of the 
Pilgrim, whose domain he inherited. Col. Alden was a gen- 
tleman of a noble mind, of great respectability, affable and 
courteous in his manner, and of much esteem in society. He 
was early an officer of the militia, and in 1732 was chosen 
colonel of the regiment. He was also frequently employed in 

* This letter, parts of which were published in Hutchinson's History of 
Massachusetts, second edition, I. p. 365, is among the Hinckley papers, 
HI. 44. 




the service of the Province, and despatched on various impor- 
tant missions. 




The fac-simile above is of an autograph of his, written in 
his younger daj's, about twenty years before his death. A 
story is told of him, the circumstances of which happened at 
one time, wlien the colonel, with two other Duxbury men 
(Nathaniel Chandler and William Brewster,) accompanying 
him, went on a visit to Gen. Pepperell, who was then at Saco, 
]\Je. The Colonel's visit Avas of a public nature. Falling 
into a conversation, the General observed, in a quaint style, 
that they were three of the most extraordinary men he ever 
met with. " Brewster," said he, " is famous for telling extra- 
ordinary stories. Chandler excels as a singer; but Alden, he 
is a first rate statesman." — k. 

1740. A company was enlisted in the county, to serve in 
the expedition against the Spanish West Indies, under Admi- 
ral Vernon, by Capt. John Winslow, whose original muster- 
roll on parchment is now before me,* and which I copy. Of 
the 500 men sent in the expedition by Massachusetts, not 
more than 50 returned, many having fallen victims to the 
prevailing tropical fevers. Several Duxbury men will be 
noticed in their number. 

" John Winslow, Caipt. 
.Toshua Barker, Lieut. 

Nathaniel Chandler, 
Amos Robens, 
Samuel Jones, 
Joseph Pryer. ' 

Ebenezer Alden, 
Thomas Byram, 
Benjamin Burne, 
Seth Burge, 
Daniel Coner, 
Daniel Cuten, 
Jo : Coquisii, 
Jacob Chipman, 

William Reed, 
Abiah Wads worth, 
Isaac Bacon, 
Job Crocker. 

Jo : Cockennehew, 
Samuel Douglas, 
Gideon Daws, 
Robert Davis, 
Elisha Delano, 
Joseph Francis, 
Judah George, 
Nalhl. Hayford, 

William Hepburn, Lieut. 
Samuel Eells, Ensign. 

Mark Laveller, 
Abraham Simmons. 

James Huddleston, 
Jonathan Hill, 
Ezekil Hinkley, 
Abraham Jonas,' 
Ebenezer Jackson, 
Josiah Keen, 
Philip May, 
John Millar, 

• Rev. Benjamin Kent's MS. Coll. 126. 




Alexandr McCally, Timothy Quack, Peleg Sampson, 

Nick Mantomock, Moses Redding, George Thresher, 

Boney Norcut, Hezekiah Roben, Benjamin Tray, 

John Nowett, Moses Ralph, John Tobe, 

Willm Norris, Benjamin Shore, John Thomas, 

John Noaks, John Sachama, John White, 

Isaac Powers, Jo : Speer, Ichabod Wade, 

Alexand"" Perry, James Samson, Daniel Weed, 

Sam"' Pitcher, John Smith, Samuel Woodberry, 

Jonathan Peter, Daniel Simon, Jo : Weeks, 

Hezekiah Zackary. 

Jamaica, June y^ 4'*'- 1741. Mustered then in the Third 
Battallion of his Maj^y^ American Regiment of foot command- 
ed by the Hon^'^ (JqIo William Gooch, the Capt., First and 
Second Lieut's, one Ensign, four Serjants, four Corporals, two 
Drumers <5c fifty-five private men, this muster being for sixty- 
one days commencing the Twenty fifth of April, & ending the 
24"'- of June 1741, both days inchtsive. 

John Winslow, 
Joshua Barker. 

I do liereby certifie that the above were efective in my com- 
pany from ye twenty fifth of April, 1741, to the twenty fifth 
of June folowing, excepting twenty privet men, that dyed on 
y^ days following, viz. — 

Peleg Samson, April 27th. 

Seth Burge, Ditto 27th. 

Moses Ralph, Ditto 29th. 

Joseph Cocknehew, May 1. 

Robert Davis, 
Hezakiah Zackari, 
Amos Robens, 
Jacob Chipman, 
Abraham Jonas, 
John Miller, 

Ditto 2. 
Ditto 2. 
Ditto 6. 
Ditto 8. 
Ditto 12. 
Ditto 14. 

Ebenezer Jackson, May 19lh. 
John White, Ditto 20. 

Hezekiah Robins, Ditto 28. 
James Samson, June 2. 
Timothy Quake, Ditto 2. 
Daniell Simon, Ditto 5. 
Benjn Tray, Ditto 10. 

Daniel Weed, Ditto 11. 

Joseph Coquish, Ditto 15. 
Joseph Pryer, Ditto 22. 

John Winslow, Capt. 

Jamaica, June y^ 25th 1741." 

Ensign Eells died May 9, 1741, and belonged to Hanover. 

1759. A company under the command of Capt. John 
Wadsworth, from Duxbury, joined the English forces in Ca- 
nada, against the French. 

In the Town Records, under date of April 6, 1759, the 
names of the following persons are given as having served in 
this company for different periods during the time that it was 
in the field. The fraction shows what part of the term each 
man served. 

118 ITHE STAMP ACT. [1765. 

Joseph Chandler, 

Samuel Winsor, 


Enock Freeman, 

J. Peagon, (Indian), 

Paul Sampson, 

John Alden, 


John Phillips, Jr., 

Israel Silvester, Jr., 


Job Brewster, 

Ezekiel Chandler, 


Blanie Phillips, 

Robert McLaughlin, 


Judah Hunt, 

Paul Sampson, 


Ichabod Wadsworth, 

Perez Chandler, 


Thomas Loring, 

Israel Delano, 


John Roberson, 

Sylvanus Prior, 


Zadock Brewster, 

Benj. Prior, Jr., 


Wra. Sprague, 

Samuel Alden, Jr., 


Joshua Thomas, 

Abner Ripley, 


James Glass, 

Seth Weston, 


Levi Delano, 


Micah Weston, 


Benj. Snow, 


Benjamin Peterson, 


17G5. We have now come to a period in the history of 
New England of striking and pecnhar importance. The 
infringement of the hberties and rights of the Colonies had 
been continned by the English parliament. The passage of 
the obnoxions Stamp Act was more than they conld endure. 
Spontaneous in all parts of the province were the protests 
against it. The towns assembled in meeting, deliberated, 
and nobly vindicated their rights. Sustained by the exam- 
ple of Boston, they loudly cried for repeal, and their humble 
voices, reaching the throne, effected their object. 

A meeting of the Town was called Oct. 21st, and Major 
Briggs Alden was placed in the chair. Major Alden then 
arose, and in his usual dignified manner stated, that the 
object of the meeting was to see, if the Town " would 
willingly comply or unite with the late act of Parliament, 
and rest contented with the stamp act as it now stands with 
the English empire in America; or else to show their resent- 
ments against said act, and to use any measures or means, 
that they shall tliinlc proper to prevent said act being imposed 
upon us, by giving their representative instructions to stop 
said act, or to use any other means they shall think proper." 
He then put the question, and they decided that they would 
not comply. Capt. Wait Wadsworth, Capt. .lohn Wadsworth, 
Ebenezer Bartlett, Isaac Partridge and Ezra Arnold were 
then chosen " their Committee to prepare a draught, and to 
give their reasons why the town would not accept of said 
act, and to show as far as tliey were capable of it." The 
meeting was then adjourned to the 23d of Oct., when the 
Committee reported the following instructions : 

1765.] THE STAMP ACT. 119 

"To Briggs Alden, Esq., Representative of the inhabitants 
of the Town of Duxbnry, in the Great and General Court of 
the Province of Massachusetts Bay in New England — 

"Sir, — Whilst all America is in a ferment, and every 
patriotic breast is glowing with resentment at the heavy and 
intolerable burthens imposed upon us, by the late act passed 
in the Parliament of Great Britain, — We, your constituents, 
the freeholders and other inhabitants of the ancient and first 
incorporated town of Duxbnry, think it their incumbent duty 
to inform you of their sentiments upon this important and 
alarming aflair, that you, Sir, may be able in the approaching 
session of the Great and General Court to act according to 
their declared mind. We esteem the said Stamp Act to be 
unconstitutional and subversive of the Rights and Privileges 
of His Majesty's American Subjects, contrary not only to the 
Royal Charter granted to our ancestors, and to the Great 
Charter of British Liberty ; but likewise to the grand preroga- 
tives of human nature, and to that Liberty, wherewith our 
Blessed hath made us free. We likewise think that if this 
act should take place in the Province in the present distressed 
condition, we should be involved in inevitable ruin. We do 
now therefore enjoin and instruct you, that you neither 
directly nor indirectly be aiding, favoring, countenancing, 
assisting, or any ways instrumental in promoting the putting 
the said act in existence; but that you oppose the same with 
all the eloquence and address you are master of, and that you 
use your utmost endeavors to vindicate our precious rights 
and privileges, — those privileges for which our forefathers 
bled; for which those heroic spirits bid adieu to the tyranni- 
cal, to the all-boding names of the Stuarts, traversed the vast 
Atlantic, and sat down in these then deserts of America ; and 
which, Sir, we their descendants esteem dearer to us than our 
lives. W^e likewise enjoin it upon you to oppose in the 
strongest terms any motion or motions, that may be made in 
the General Assembly, to make a relation or compensation 
for the riotous proceedings at Boston." 

Thus did the inhabitants of Dnxbury plainly and distinctly 
protest against the unwarrantable proceedings of the mother 
country. Thus did she proclaim to the world, in full defiance 
of England's power, that infringements of her Charter 
rights were not to be borne. A repeal of the Stamp Act 
passed the British Parliament, January 16th, 1766; and ou 
the arrival of the news at Boston, great was the rejoicing. 
In Dnxbury the excitement was of no ordinary nature, and 
even one half of the town's stock of powder was given away 
to be used in expressing their unbounded joy for the blessing 
of a repeal. This was ordered at a meeting on the 31st of 

120 THE STAMP ACT. [1765. 

Soon after the arrival of the news, it was proposed that 
there should be a meeting on Captain's hill. Accordingly- 
great numbers assembled, formed themselves into a proces- 
sion, paraded around the town, and finally marched to the 
hill, whither they brought six carriage guns and fired a salute. 
They also carried to the summit ettigies of Lords Grenville 
and Bute, and hung them upon a gallows, which they erected 
for the occasion. They now selected an orator in the person 
of Joseph Russell, whose simple wit, and unadorned lan- 
guage, as he addressed himself to the images before him, 
caused considerable merriment, and his untutored gestures 
with the exceedingly comic appearance of his figure, caused 
a forgetfulness of the true solemnity of their rejoicings. 
Turning to the effigies he began, "Gentlemen, you see now 
what you've come to. You remember Haman and Mordecai, 
do ye .^ You tried to make slaves of them that ought to be 
free, and you've come to the gallows yourself that built it for 
us, ye have! Such men as you don't have any fear. And 
there ye are before the gallows for being so set in your own 
ways! It would ha' been just upon ye, if they had taken 
that paper ye sent over to us, and wrapped ye up in it and 
burnt ye up, it would ! But 'twould have been too honorable 
a death for ye. The gallows was what ye deserved, and 
there ye are now hanging before us, ye are. You're spited at 
home and abroad, indeed ye are. Your own kith don't like 
a traitor, they don't I know." The effigies which had during 
this time been burning, now fell to the ground, and Russell 
continued, "There I thought your station was below. I 
didn't think it was above. If ye'd been now an honest old 
ditcher as I am, ye'd never come to this, ye would n't."* 
The remainder of the day was passed in pleasure, and at 

* Rev. Benj. Kent's notes. Another story is told of Joe, equally humor- 
ous. It happened that there had been a " skimminoion fooler," as it was 
called, in which a man had been ridden on a horse, followed by a crowd of 
men and boys dressed in the manner of negroes. The person had been 
cruel to his family. Some of the individuals were afterwards prosecuted 
by the kind's attorney at Plymouth; and, while the trial was going on, 
Joe was called as a witness. Taking the stand he began to relate several 
laughable stories, which vexed the attorney, who appealed to Gen. 
Winslow, the presiding judge, and said, " Is it suflerable that this man 
should stand here and talk so." The General however who was much 
amused suffered him to finish his talk. The attorney then asked him, if 
he could not think of any one, who was engaged in the affair, when Joe 
turning to the General, said, " Yes I do. May it please your honor 'twas 
you." "Me!" replied the Judge, "why did you think it was me I " 
"0! " returned Joe "he was dressed up in a great surplice, and looked 
very like you, any how he did." The Court now joined heartily in a 
laugh, and the old General, laying aside the dignity of his office, engaged 
in it as loudly as any of them. 


iiisht each returned home with a strong hope of future 
hapfiiness for his country. 

The flame which had been kindled by James, and which 
had enwrapped the destinies of Andros, had not died out 
from the hearts of the people. Before the return of another 
century, this fire was renewed, and the cries for freedom 
were no longer to be suppressed. They arose spontaneously 
from every part: from the humble cottage and the lordly 

" One common right the great and lowly claim." Nor was 
it in vain, — action, forcible and impetuous, — resistance, 
powerful and efiective, followed on the heels of oppression. 
Eloquence was not wanting in the language of her people, in 
support of their cherished wish. Relying on the examples 
set them in the annals of the past, they saw in the future the 
consummation of their most ardent aspirations. Their 
dependence on the parent country they knew and felt. 
Their attention was turned to the encouragement of their 
own manufactures. The town of Boston, ever foremost in 
their struggles for liberty, passed a vote for the support of 
home manufactures. Other towns soon followed, and among 
the number Duxbury resolved in concurrence with the orders 
of Boston. This occurred as early as Dec. 22d, 1762. 

1773. Early in this year, the Town of Boston addressed 
a pamphlet to the inhabitants of Duxbury, on the wrongful 
subversion of the rights of the Provinces. To take into 
consideration the contents of this pamphlet, a town meeting 
was called (March 12th,) and a committee consisting of 
George Partridge, Capt. Wait Wads worth, Dea. Peleg Wads- 
worth, Dr. John Wadsworth, and Bildad Arnold, were 
appointed " to draw proper resolves or other remonstrances 
against the invasion of our charter rights and privileges." 
The meeting was then adjourned to the 29th, when the com- 
mittee reported the following reply, which was unanimously 
accepted. It was written, it is said, by the Chairman, Mr. 

"To the Committee of Correspondence of the Town of 
Boston, — 

Gextlemen, — We, the freeholders and other inhabitants of 
the town of Duxbury, in said Town meeting legally assem- 
bled, upon due examination of the contents of a pamphlet 
from the town of Boston, directed to be laid before us, are 
truly of the opinion that the rights of the people are therein 
well stated, and that the list of infringements and violations 
of the same is just ; which gives us the distressing and very 
alarming apprehensions, that a plan is laid and prosecuted 
with unrelenting rigor, which will, if thoroughly completed, 


reduce the colonies, and this province in particular, to a state 
of vassalage and desperation. It would give us uneasiness, 
Gentlemen, should you imagine from our so long neglecting 
an answer, that we are in any degree careless, idle spectators 
of the calamities and oppression under which we groan. 
We inherit th6 very spot of soil, cultivated hy some of the 
first comers to A'ew England, and though we pretend not that 
we inherit their virtues also in perfection; yet hope we 
possess at least some remains of that Christian and heroic 
virtue and manly sense of liberty, in the exercise of which, 
they in the very face of danger emigrated from their native 
land to this then howling wilderness, to escape the iron yoke 
of oppression, and to transmit to posterity that fair, that 
amiable inheritance — Liberty, civil and sacred. And give 
us leave to add that we esteem it not only detracting from the 
virtue of their design; but an alfront to their natural under- 
standing, should we adopt the sentiments lately expressed to 
the public, viz, — that our worthy ancestors, when they first 
took possession of this country, when they necessarily lost a 
voice in the British legislature, consented, at least tacitly, to 
be subject to the unlimited control and jurisdiction of that 
very government, the merciless oppression of which was 
intolerable by them, even when they had a voice in that 
legislature. We glory in a legal, loyal subjection to our sov- 
ereign ; but when we see the right to dispose of our properly 
claimed and actually exercised by a legislature a thousand 
leagues off, and in which we have no voice; and ships and 
troops poured in upon us to sup[)ort the growing, or rather 
overgrown power of crown oflicers in exercising that same 
power ; the power of our Vice Admiralty courts enlarged 
laeyoiid due bounds; our principal fortress, built and main- 
tained by us for our defence against a foreign enemy, l^ken 
out of our hands, as though we were not worthy to be trusted, 
and connnitted into the hands of the standing army; our 
Governor forbid signing any bill of our Assembly, subjecting 
a certain number of crown oflicers to pay any proportion of 
the charge of tiie government they live under; our Gover- 
nor's usual dependence on the people luinatnrally and 
Tuiconstitutionally cut oil; the Judges of our Superior Courts, 
on whose determination life and property so much depend, 
made to the great danger of the people solely dependent on 
the crown; and many things of a like nature take place — 
shall it then be deemed disloyalty and even faction to 
complain? By no means: we esteem it a virtue and a duty, 
which people of every rank owe to themselves and posterity, 
to use their utmost exertions in all reasonable ways, so far as 
their influence may extend, to oppose tyranny in all its forms, 
and to extricate themselves from every dangerous and oppres- 


sive innovation. And it gives ns the greatest pleasure to see 
so much unity of sentiment in the several towns of this 
province, and trust there is and will soon appear that una- 
nimity in the several colonies on the continent; and we look 
upon ourselves peculiarly obliged to the town of Boston for 
their care and vigilance in this day of darkness and danger, 
and shall be ever ready to co-operate with them, and our 
other brethren through the Province, in all reasonable and 
constitutional measures, for the vindication of our wounded 
Liberties, and the restoration of the same to their former 
estate. Imploring the divine benediction on our honest 
endeavors to maintain and promote constitutional liberties in 
our land, and hoping to see the time when liberty shall again 
flourish here, and harmony and concord betwixt Great Britain 
and the Colonies be restored and confirmed." 

1773. This year the first minute company in the town was 
raised. Previous to this the towns people were in the habit of 
frequently assembling for military exercise, and were usually 
drilled by Maj. Judah Alden. The officers of the company 
now raised were as follows. Ichabod Alden, captain ; Andrew 
Sampson, lieutenant, and Judah Alden, ensign. Among the 
other individuals, who composed the company, the following 
are remembered. 

Samuel Loring,~| Joshua Gushing, ) p , 

Peter Bradford, I ^ James Shaw, ) 

John Hanks, [ ° ' John Drew, drummer, 

Daniel Loring, J Amherst Alden, fifer. 


Saml. Alden, Thaddeus Ripley, 

Thomas Chandler, John Southworth, 

l^aml. Chandler, Joshua Sprague, 

Thomas Dawes, Thomas Sprague, 

Nathl. Delano, Saml. Sprague, 

Luther Delano, Uriah Sprague, 

Berzilla Delano, Wm. Sampson, 

Thomas Delano, Ichabod Sampson, 

Seraiah Glass, Joseph Wadsworth. 

Peleg Gullifer, Chas. Thomas, 

John Glass, Prince Thomas, 

John Oldham, Consider Thomas, 

John Osyer, Wait Wadsworth, 

Kimball Ripley, Seneca Wadsworth, 

Some time after this a regiment of minute men was formed 
out of Plymouth County, and Theophilus Cotton of Ply- 
mouth was chosen colonel ; Ichabod Alden of Duxbury, It.- 
colonel; and Ebenezer Sprout of Middleboro', major. 

124 ADDRESS TO GEN. GAGE. [1774. 

Mr. George Partridge was now chosen commander of the 

Tlic officers of the two companies of mihtia at tliis time 
were, of the first — Capt. Levi Loring, Lt. Bildad Arnold, 
Ens. Benjamin Freeman; of the second — Capt. Calvin Par- 
tridge, Lt. Elijah Baker, Ens. Adam Fish. The next officers 
were, of the first — Capt. Samuel Loring, Lt. Benjamin Free- 
man, Ens. Nathaniel Spragne; of the second — Capt. Elijah 
Baker, Lt. Nathan Sampson, Ens. Cornelius Delano. Capt. 
Baker was next promoted to a Major. 

Another body of men was organized about this time, 
consisting of all the men over 50 years of age, who were 
styled the "alarm list," and were imder the same officers as 
the militia. Sentries were also stationed at ditierent points in 
time of danger, and at Captain's Hill. 

1774. These were appointed a Committee of Correspond- 
ence, (May 30th) : Capt. ^V. Wadsworth, Dea. P. Wadsworth, 
Geo. Partridge, Capt. Samuel Bradford and Micah Soule, to 
unite with the Committee in general for the Province. They 
also chose (Sept. I9th) Geo. Partridge, Capt. VV. Wadsworth, 
and Dea. P. Wadsworth, a Committee, to join the County 
Committee, in order to act upon the political affairs of the 

On the Gth of July, the justices of Plymoinh county ad- 
dressed a letter to General Gage, and after congratulating him 
on his appointment to the office of Governor-General, and his 
safe arrival, continue in substance as follows : — " We con- 
sider you a person in whom arc centred all the qualifications 
necessary for the discharge of that important trust ; and though 
sensible that the endeavors of your predecessors were met with 
bad success, yet we think that your Excellency has power to 
check every disorder, and to secure for us our constitutional 
privileges. We have seen with serious concern the influences 
of those persons calling themselves Commiltces of Correspond- 
ence^ and against these and their abettors wc promise our in- 
cessant aid." To this Gen. Gage returned an answer, dated 
July 12th, assuring them that he would " take every step in 
his power to secure to them the peaceable enjoyment of all 
their constitutional privileges, and to give that free course to 
the laws, on which every State depends for its support, and 
without which no government can subsist." Among the sign- 
ers of the address of Plymouth, were ]\lajor Briggs Alden and 
Capt. Gamaliel Bradford of Duxbury. These, however, after- 
wards at a town meeting (Sept. I9th,) made each a public 
recantation, and craved the forgiveness of the town. Their 
declarations were nearly as follows : — " The Address to Tho- 
mas Gage, Esq., Captain General and Governor, &c., of the 
Massachusetts Bay in New England, of the General Sessions 


of the Peace, and Justices of the Inferior Court of Common 
Pleas for the county of Plymouth, published in Draper's <fc 
Byles' papers [Boston Newsletter] of tlie 14tli of July, 1774, I 
acknowledge I voted for. For which I am sorry from my 
heart and humbly ask the forgiveness of the town of Duxbury 
and all the inhabitants of the Province; and I likewise pro- 
mise and declare upon the true faith of a Christian, that I will 
not take a commission, nor act upon any under this new plan 
of government, if ofiered to me." 

Beside Maj. Alden and Capt. Bradford, the following Jus- 
tices also subscribed the above Address : Thomas Foster, 
Joseph Josselyn, Abijah White, Edward Winslow, Pelham 
Winslow and Gideon Bradford. 

The political aflairs of the province were now fast drawing 
to a crisis. On the arrival of Gen, Gage, this year, the Gen- 
eral Court assembled at Boston, of which Mr. Partridge was a 
member from Duxbury. This was soon adjourned to Salem. 
Here they met, and a secret caucus was proposed, and many 
of the leading whigs accordingly met in the night, a short dis- 
tance from the town. Mr. Partridge was present, and took, 
with others of those noble spirits, those decisive and determin- 
ed positions, which could not be mistaken, and which much 
conduced to the completion of that efficient organization of 
opposition, which was then in embryo. We have the words 
of Mr. Partridge relative to the occasion of this conclave, — 
"Gen. Gage (said he) had come over with his troops and pro- 
clamations, to frighten us rebels into submission. ! We soon 
had his mandate, dissolving the Court, and directing us to 
meet at Salem, in order, as he said, to ' remove us from the 
baneful influences — the baneful influences of Boston!' So 
we met there. And in a short time one began to ask another, 
'What can we do? the worst must come to the worst!' 
' Why, we will have a caucus and see what can be done.' 
Then, when we met a member in whose eye we saw one true 
to the cause, we touched him on the shoulder — • ' Be silent — 
meet with us to-night — at such an hour — in such a place — 
and bring your niari.^ All were prompt to the hour. The 
meeting was full. Order was called. ' Shall we submit to 
Great Britain, and make the best terms in our power, or shall 
we resist her encroachments to the point of the sword?' — 
There was a pause. We looked at each other ; and the unan- 
imous answer was given, ' We will resist her encroachments 
to the point of the sword ! ' Now came the question — •' Wliat 
shall be done ? The gulf is passed ! ' ' We will have a Con- 
gress at Concord. We will send letters to all the colonies, and 
m-ge them to send delegates to meet at Philadelphia. We will 
have committees of safety. We will take care of our arms. 
We will go to our homes, and wake every one that sleeps.' " 
[Rev. Benj. Kent's Address.] 


A provincial congress was convened at Salem on the 7th of 
October; but adjourned on the same day. It was again con- 
vened at Concord, on Tuesday the 11th. A meeting of the 
town was held (Oct. 3d,) and (Jeo. Partridge was chosen to 
attend in their behalf at the adjourned meeting of the congress, 
whh these instructions : "To Mr. George Partridge, — As it is 
nuUkely. in the present situation of our public atiairs, that the 
House of Representatives should sit to do business, we instruct 
and require you to join with the intended Provincial Congress 
to be holden at Concord, in order to deliberate and determine 
on the most wise and prudent measures to be adopted for the 
true interest, happiness and freedom of the Province." 

Previous to this, a congress of Plymouth county had been 
held on the 26th of September, at Plympton, when it adjourn- 
ed on the next day to the Plymouth court-house, when a 
committee reported some resolves ; and of this number Mr. 
Partridge of Duxbury v/as one. Tiie congress at Concord 
adjourned on the 1.5th ; again assembled at Cambridge on the 
17th, and adjourned on the 29th ; it met again at Cambridge 
on the 23d of November, and dissolved on the 10th of De- 

177.5. The town chose (Jan. 16th) Mr. George Partridge 
to attend as their representative to the Second Provincial Con- 
gress at Cambridge on the 1st of February; and also voted 
£32 85. Ad. in aid of the same. This congress adjourned on 
the 16th ; met again at Concord on the 22d of March, adjourn- 
ed on the 15th of April; again met at Concord, on the 22d, 
and adjourned the same day ; tlicn at Watertovvn on the 2-lth, 
and finally dissolved on the 29th of May.* 

At the same meeting, (Jan. 16th,) tliese were appointed a 
Commiltee of Lispectlo}i, to see the resolves of the Provincial 
Congress duly executed: Capt. Saml. Bradford, Joshua Hall, 
Maj. Gamalial Bradford, Jr., Dea. Perez Loring, Capt. Benja. 
Wadsworth, Jacob Weston, and Peleg Wadsworth. 'i'he 
town afterwards (Jan. 30th) voted to procure thirty fire-arms 
with bayonets, for the use of the town ; and (>eo. Partridge, 
Ichabod Alden and Wm. Thomas were appointed to obtain 
tlieni, and £60 were furnished them. A meeting had been 
called previously, to see " if y^ town will provide proper fire- 
arms and all other warlike instruments, and amimition suita- 
ble for to defend y^ town and country as need may require." 

Some time before the open rupture of hostilities. Gen. Gage, 
at tlie solicitation of the tories, had stationed at Marslifield a 
body of the British troops, the Queen's Guards, for their pro- 

• Mr. Partridge was, this year, a mcnil)er of the General Court from 
Duxl)ury, and was one of the Committee ordered to wait upon General 
Washington, on his arrival. 


tection. An address, dated at Pembroke Feb. 7tli, 1775, was 
sent to Gen. Gage by the selectmen of Plymouth, Kingston, 
Duxbury, Pembroke, Hanson and Scituate, protesting against 
placing an armed force among them in time of peace, assuring 
him that there was no truth in the statements oif those of 
Marshfield and Scituate, who declared that this was necessary 
to protect them from the exasperated fury of the whigs. They 
declared that no plan of attack had been formed, and begged 
that his Excellency would examine the case, before he com- 
plied. On the L5th of the same month, the Massachusetts 
Provincial Congress voted that these six towns are highly ap- 
proved of in finding out the malicious designs of their enemies 
in requesting Gen. Gage to station there a body of troops. 
They recommended them to continue " steadily to persevere 
in the same line of conduct, which has in this instance so justly 
entitled them to the esteem of their fellow-countrymen ; and 
to keep a watchful eye upon the behavior of those who are 
aiming at the destruction of our liberties." Gen. Gage, how- 
ever, thought fit to comply. The following letter, from a tory 
in Marshfield, to a gentleman in Boston, gives some of the cir- 
cumstances of the case; which must be read, however, as a 
loyalist's account. It is dated Jan. 24th, 1775. 

" Two hundred of the principal inhabitants of this loyal 
town, insulted and intimidated by the licentious spirit, that 
unhappily has been prevalent among the lower ranks of people 
in the Massachusetts Government, having applied to the Gov- 
ernor for a detachment of his Majesty's troops to assist in pre- 
servhig the peace, and to check the insupportable insolence of 
the disaftected and turbulent, were happily relieved by the 
appearance of Capt. Balfour's party, consisting of one hundred 
soldiers, who were joyfully received by the Loyalists. Upon 
their arrival, the valor of the minute men was called forth by 
Adams' crew ; they were accordingly mustered, and to the 
unspeakable confusion of the enemies of our happy constitu- 
tion, no more than twelve persons presented themselves to 
bear arms against the Lord's annointed. It was necessary 
that some apology should be made for the scanty appearance 
of their volunteers ; and they colored it over with a declara- 
tion, that, ' had the party sent to Marshfield consisted of half 
a dozen battalions, it might have been worth their attention to 
meet and engage them: but a day would come when the cour- 
age of their minute host would be able to clear the country of 
all their enemies, howsoever formidable in numbers.' The 
King's troops are very comfortably accommodated, and pre- 
serve the most exact discipline; and now every faithful sub- 
ject to his King dare fully utter his thoughts, drink liis tea, 
and kill his sheep as profusely as he pleases." 


The following letter, from a loyalist of Boston to a gentle- 
man of New York, also relates to the atTair, and is dated 
Jan. 26th, 1775. 

" About a week ago one hundred and fifty of the principal 
inhabitants of Marshfield entered into Gen. Ruggles' associ- 
ation against the Liberty Plan. When this was known at 
Plymouth, the faction there threatened to come down in a 
body and make them recant, or drive them olf their farms. 
On this the JMarsh field association sent an express to Gen. 
Gage to acquaint him of their situation and determination, 
and begged support. Tliis was readily granted, and a captain 
and three subalterns and a hundred private men were imme- 
diately detached on board two small vessels to Marshfield, 
where they landed very quietly last Monday; and, when last 
accounts came, there was no appearance of the Plymouth 

The detachment carried with them 300 stands of arms for 
the use of gentlemen of Marshfield: one hundred and fifty 
more having joined the association on advice of the Plymouth 
threatenings; the whole three hundred have solemnly engaged 
themselves to turn out in case of attack. 

That the liberty rebels of this town [of Boston] might save 
their own credit, and that of their adherents in Plymouth, 
and that they might have something to say for not opposing 
the detachment, they, on first hearing where the soldiers were 
going, wisely sent oft' an express to their confederates, begging 
them to desist from doing what they really had no mind to do." 

In speaking of this case Gen. Gage in a letter to the Earl 
of Richmond said: "It is the first instance of application to 
Government for assistance, which the faction has ever tried 
to persuade the people they would never obtain ; but be lel\ 
to themselves." 

The town of Marshfield, in town meeting assembled on the 
20th of Feb. 1775, voted not to adhere to Congress; and also 
to make addresses to Gen. Gage, and Admiral Ciraves. Dr. 
Winslow Avas moderator of the meeting, and framed the 
addresses. Their original answers are now before me.* 
Gen. Gage's is as follows: 

" To THE Loyal Inhabitants of the Town of Marshfield. 

Gentlemen, — I return you my most hearty thanks for your 
address, and am to assure you, that I feel great satisfaction in 
having contributed to the safety and protection of a people so 
eminent for their Loyalty to their King, and aflection to their 
country at a time, when Treason and Rebellion is making 

* Rev. B. Kent's MS. Coll. 210, 211. 

1775.] BALFOUR'S TROOPS. 129 

such hasty strides to overturn our most excellent constitution 
and spread Ruin and Desolation thro' the Province. 

I doubt not that your duty to your God, your King and 
country will excite you to persevere in the Glorious Cause in 
which you are engaged, and that your laudable example will 
animate others with the like Loyal and Patriotic Spirit. 

Tho. Gage." 

Admiral Graves replied as follows : 

"To THE Inhabitants of the Town of Marshfield. 

Gentlemen, — The warmth with which you declare your 
principles of Loyalty to your Sovereign and his Constitutional 
rjJovernment cannot fail of being grateful to the mind of every 
lover of his country: and it is much to be wished that the 
uniform propriety of your conduct will extend its influence to 
the removal of those groundless jealousies, which have 
unhappily warped the affections of too many of your coun- 
trymen from the parent state, and which are now tending to 
raise violent commotions, and involve in Ruin and Destruction 
this unfortunate Province. 

The approbation you are pleased to express of His Majes- 
ty's appointment at this critical juncture to the command of 
his American fleet, is flattering; and you may be assured that 
my countenance and support shall never be wanting to protect 
the Friends of British Government and reduce to order and. 
submission, those who would endeavor to destroy that Peace 
and Harmony, which is the end of good Legislation to 
produce. Saml. Graves," 

A protest was circulated against the proceedings of the 
above meeting and received 64 signatures. 

This detachment was under the command of Capt. Balfour, 
and consisted of one hundred men with two field pieces. 
The presence of these troops caused but little uneasiness to 
the inhabitants, as they were under good discipline, and used 
no improper conduct towards them. They frequently visited 
Duxbury in various numbers; and one Sabbath surrounded 
the meeting house, during the services, and amused them- 
selves in looking in at the windows, somewhat to the discom- 
posure of the more timid within. Tow^ard the close of 
March, Capt. Balfour devised a project of attacking Plymouth, 
and accordingly a conference was had at the house of Edward 
Winslow, Esq., and in tlie discussion of the question Capt. 
B. enquired of John Watson, Esq., "Will they fightT' 
" Yes, lilce devils," was the cheerful assurance of Mr. Watson, 
and upon further consideration the plan was abandoned. 

Immediately after the news arrived of the bloodshed at 
licxington, Col. Cotton with his regiment formed for an attack 
on Balfour's party. On the '^Oth Col. Cotton and Maj. Sprout 

130 BALFOUR'S TROOPS. [1775. 

met in Duxbury, at Col. Briggs Alden's for consultation. 
Maj. Judah Alden, who was in Rhode Island when the news 
came of the fight, had just returned, having ridden all day 
on horseback, and soon after learning the circumstances of 
the case, he met Cato, a negro who had been sent by Capt. 
Balfour to ascertain the numbers of the men who were march- 
ing against him. Maj. Alden suspecting his design, told him 
to tell Balfour, they were coming m a host after him, and dis- 
missed him. Col. Cotton again returned to Plymouth ; and, 
about 7 o'clock, on the morning of the 21st, marched for 
Marshfield with a portion of his regiment, consisting of the 
Plymouth company under Capt. Mayhew, the Kingston under 
Capt. Peleg Wadsworth, and the Duxbury under Capt. Geo. 
Partridge. They proceeded to Col. Anthony Thomas', about 
a mile N. W. of Capt. John Thomas', where were Balfour's 
troops. At this juncture Col. Cotton and lit. Col. Alden 
held a long conference, as to the course to be taken. At noon 
there were assembled about 5UU men, including the crews of 
many fishing vessels in the harbor. In the afternoon Capt. 
Clapp's conjpany from Rochester and Capt. Harlow's from 
Plympton arrived. Capt. Peleg Wadsworth was greatly 
dissatisfied with the delay, and moved forward his company 
until within a short distance of the enemy, and then halted 
as his numbers were too small to venture an attack. About 
3 o'clock, P. M., two sloops hove in sight and anchored off 
the Brant rock. Balfour then conveyed his company through 
the Cut river in boats, and reaching the sloops soon sailed lor 
Boston, leaving however several sentinels behind to watch 
the movements of the Americans, who also set guards for the 
night. The British watch finally left and in going to their 
boats, they passed one of the American sentry posts, where 
were stationed Blanie Phillips, and Jacob Dingley, both of 
Duxbury. Dingley was seized, and conveyed to their boat, 
when they concluded to release him. PhiUips escaped, fired 
his gun, and gave an alarm, which roused the country for 
many miles around. Balfour, it is reported, said that if he 
had been attacked, he should have surrendered without a 
gun. In their hurry to escape they left much of their camp 
equipage behind. He fought with his company at Bunker 
Hill, and, as he afterwards told an inhabitant of Duxbury, 
whom he recognized in New York, he left the field with but 
five men following him, upon which he had entered with as 
fine a company as was in His Majesty's service. 

On the 1st of May, four companies of the Regiment were 
ordered to Plymouth. The company from Duxbury was now 
commanded hy fSamuel Bradford, whose ollicers were the 
same as had been previously. These were stationed at Ply- 
mouth until the 1st of Sept. as a guard. During this time a 




detachment of twelve men under Maj. Judah Alden performed 
guard duty at Captain's Hill. In August, Col. Davis, the 
quartermaster, came from Roxbury with orders for the regi- 
ment to embark in whaleboats, and proceed to Sandwich to 
receive 100 barrels of flour, wliich had been brought from 
New York, and conveyed across the isthmus. Twenty boats 
were inmiediately despatched under the care of Capt. Sylva- 
nus Drew, and the command of the expedition was given to 
Capt. Samuel Bradford. Converting their blankets into sails 
they reached Sandwich about one o'clock, having been five 
hours on their passage. In passing the bar they had to 
encounter a strong wmd, in wliich some of the boats were 
swamped, though none of the men were lost. Having loaded 
then- boats with the flour, they started on the next day, and 
landed it safe about five o'clock in the afternoon on Cohasset 
beach, and it was conveyed by land to Roxbury. On the 
26th of June preceding, the committee of correspondence of 
Plymouth, those of Duxbury and Kingston joining in the 
prayer, sent a memorial to the Provincial Congress, expressing 
their regret that they had made a determination to move to 
Roxbury a portion of Col. Cotton's Regiment. " We know," 
said they, " that Admiral Graves has said we were a rebellious 
people, and because we have built a fort, it would not be long 
before he would blow the town about our ears ; " and we 
now request that the troops may be permitted to remain, or 
else the town will be left. 

On the 1st of Sept. Col. Cotton moved his regiment to 
Roxbury, which formed a part of the detachment ordered to 
throw up entrenchments on Dorchester heights, March 4th, 
1776. The olficers of the regiment at this time were — 
Theophilus Cotton, Col. ; Ichabod Alden, Lt. Col. ; William 
Thomas, Surgeon; John Thomas, Surgeon's mate; John 
Cotton, Jr., Quarter-master ; Joshua Thomas, Adjutant. 

Tho. Matthew, 
Earl Clapp, 
John Bradford, 
John Brigham, 
Joshua Benson, 
Isaac Wood, 
Peleg Wadsworth, 
Amos Wade, 
Saml. Bradford, 
Edvv. Hammond. 

Nathl. Lewis, 
Isaac Pope, 
Jesse Sturtevant, 
Edvv. Sparrow, 
Wm. Thompson, 
Abiel Townshend, 
Seth Drew, 
Archelaus Cole, 
Andrew Sampson, 
Timothv'^ Ruggles. 

Benj. Warner, 
Chas. Church, 
Tho. Sampson, 
Nehemiah Cobb, 
James Smith, 
Foxwell Thomas, 
Joseph Sampson, 
Lemuel Wood, 
Judah Alden, 
Nathan Sears. 

On the removal of the Americans to New York in 1776, 
several others of Duxbury joined Capt. Bradford's company. 

132 COL. ICHABOD ALDEN. [1775. 

and proceeded on with the regiment. Among others were 
Isaac and Nathl. Delano, and Consider and Oliver Class. 
The company remained in New York about a year, when 
Capt. Bradford resigned his commission, and came home with 
a great part of his company, many of whom soon again 
enlisted. Commissions were now granted to Joseph Wads- 
worth, Adam Fish, and Jndah Alden, all of Duxbury, to be 
Captains. Each of these immediately raised their companies, 
and had many Duxbury men under their command. In the 
summer of 1777, Capt. Wadsworth having raised a company 
in Duxbury, marched to Boston, to proceed to join the army 
of Gen. Gates. 

Col. Cotton's second in command, Lt. Col. Ichabod Alden 
of Duxbury, had not. previous to the commencement of hostili- 
ties, seen any mihtary service, except that he liad been for a 
short time an olhcer of the militia. He inherited much of 
the fortitude and independence of his ancestors. His feelings 
were in perfect unison with the wliigs, and he denounced the 
provoking usurpation of their rights as tyrannous and not to 
be borne, and was among the foremost to resort to means of 
violence for the protection of those privileges bequeathed to 
him from his ancestors, and to whose memory he owed it to 
preserve tliem for posterity. He thought, that 

"To fight 
In a just cause and for our country's glory, 
Is the best office of the best of men ; 
And to decline, when these motives urge, 
Is infamy beneath a coward's baseness." 

He was soon after promoted to the rank of Colonel, and 
after the capture of Burgoyne, at Saratoga (Oct. 17th, 1777), 
was stationed with a regiment of the continental army at a 
place called Cherry Valley, sixty miles west from Albany, for 
the defence of the frontiers. In consequence of its exposed 
situation a fortification had been erected here, during the 
preceding spring, by order of Lafayette, and its command 
was at once solicited by Col. Gansevoort, with the regiment 
which had so greatly distinguished itself in the preceding 
year in the defence of Fort tScluiyler. It was nevertheless 
given to Col. Alden, under whose siiperintendencc it had been 
biiilt, who soon after arrived with his regiment. We have 
now to relate his sad and mournful end, while in command 
of this post. He was attacked by siui)risc by the enemy 
under Capt. Waller N. Butlor, a royalist, and Brant, a noted 
Indian i\hjhawk Chief, with about 700 loyalists and Indians. 
Col. Alden with a large portion of his ollicers and men fell 
victims to their savage cruelty. He had received due notice 


of this preconcerted plan of the tories and Indians, for on the 
8th of November he received a despatch from Fort Schuyler, 
conveying the intelligence, which had been received tliere by 
an Oneida Indian, who reported that he had learned it from 
one of the Onondagas, who had been present at a great 
meeting of the Indians and tories at Tioga, at which this 
determination had been formed. Col. Alden discredited it, 
and for good reasons perhaps, as a mere idle Indian rnmor, 
yet he took precautions, but refused the inhabitants of the 
village permission to deposit their valuables in the fort, (from 
whence they had been removed, not anticipating farther 
hostilities before spring,) giving as a reason that it would 
only be a temptation for his soldiers to plunder; and at the 
same time assured them, that he would use all diligence 
against surprise, and by means of vigilant scouts be at all 
times prepared to warn them of approaching danger. Accord- 
ingly sconts were sent out on the 9th, and proceeding down 
the Susquehannah, as it were in the very face of the enemy, 
they kuidled a fire in the evening, and by the side of which 
very foolishly laid themselves down to sleep. The result might 
have been foreseen, for they were prisoners when they awoke. 
Had they followed the dictates of prudence, the scenes to 
follow would probably have never occurred, and the charges 
of imprudence, now sometimes so unjustly imposed on the 
vigilant colonel, would have missed their record on the page 
of the historian. In the mean time the enemy, drawn thither 
by the light of the fire, soon surrounded them, and, having 
extorted all necessary information, moved forward on the 
lUth, encamping, however, for that night on the top of a 
hill thickly covered with evergreens, about a mile southwest 
of the fort and village of Cherry Valley. There was a light 
fall of snow in the night, but it turned to rain in the morning, 
with a thick and cloudy atmosphere. The oflicers of the 
garrisons were accustomed to lodge about among the families 
near the fort, and from the assurances of their colonel the ap- 
prelicnsions of the people were so much allayed, that they 
thought themselves reposing in perfect security. Col. Alden. 
with Stacia, his lieutenant-colonel, lodged with Mr. Robert 
Wells, a gentleman of great respectability. The enemy hav- 
ing ascertained the localities of the officers, approached the 
unsuspecting village in the greatest security, veiled by the 
haze which hung in the atmosphere. An alarm was however 
given before the enemy had actually arrived at the village, by 
the firing of an Indian upon a settler upon the outskirts, who 
was riding thither on horseback. He was wounded, but 
nevertheless pushed forward, and gave instant information to 
the colonel, who still disbelieved the approach of an enemy in 
forcCj supposing the shot to have proceeded from a straggler. 

134 COL. ICHABOD ALDEN. [1775. 

He was soon convinced of his error, for, before the guards 
could be called in, the Indians were upon him. Unfortunately 
for the inhabitants, Butler, with his rangers, had halted just 
before enteriua; the village, to examine their arms, the rain 
having damaged their powder. During this pause the Indians 
sprang forward, and tlic t^cnecas, being at that time the most 
ferocious of the six nations, were in the van. The house of 
Mr. Wells was instantly surrounded by the warriors of that 
tribe, and several tories of no less ferocity, who rushed in and 
massacred the whole family. Col. Alden himself escaped from 
the house, but was pursued down a hill by an Indian, who 
repeatedly demanded of him to surrender. This he refused to 
do, turning upon his pursuer, and repeatedly snapping his 
pistol at him, but without elfect. The Indian ultimately hurl- 
ed his tomahawk with unerring aim, and, springing forward, 
seized in an instant his scalp. Thus in the outset fell the 
commander, who unfortunately was but little accustomed to 
Indian warfare ; and had he been as prudent as lie was brave, 
might have averted the tragic scenes of tliat hapless day.* — 
W. S. Stones Life of Brant. 

Although some blame should be attached to the incredulity 
of Col. Alden, yet it must be recollected that many rumors of 
a like nature (though to be sure not always in the form of a 
despatch) were constantly reaching his ears, and all proving 
to be equally false and without foundation. And, perhaps, 
still further it may be urged in his favor, that the extreme 
lateness of the season would have seemed almost a guaranty, 
that no attack would be attempted, even upon the outermost 
posts of the frontier. Yet there are some who view his course 
more harshly, and consider him guilty of a "most criminal 
neglect of duty." 

As an officer, Col. Alden was brave and persevering; as a 
gentleman, he was accomplished and agreeable ; and in all 
his relations of life, he formed around him lasting and stead- 
fast friends, and in his intercourse with others was honor- 
able and just; and his untimely death could not but be 
lamented by all who knew him. 

His widow in Duxbury received official tidings of the event, 
as she was proceeding toward Boston in her chaise ; though 
none of his effects ever reached her. 

1775. The town appointed (April 26th) Capt. Joshua 
Hall, Ezra Weston and Ichabod Alden a committee to pur- 

* Lieut. Col. Stacia was taken prisoner, anfl most of the jjuard at Mr. 
Wells' house wore captured or slain. Thirty-two ot' the inlKihitants, mostly 
women and children, fell victims, while the garrison in the fort remained 
secure. — Stone. 


chase a cargo of corn in a vessel at Duck hill, and store it for 
time of need.* 

A third provincial congress was convened at Watertown on 
the 31st of May, and dissolved on the 19th of July. This 
congress, June 29th, "Resolved, that thirteen thousand coats 
be provided as soon as may be, and one thereof given to each 
non-commissioned officer and soldier in the Massachusetts 
forces, agreeable to the resolves of Congress on the 23d of 
April last ; and in order to facilitate their being procured," 
provisions were made for the several towns to furnish a cer- 
tain number of the 13,000. Plymouth county was to provide 
1054; Essex, Worcester, Middlesex, Hampshire and Suffolk 
alone furnishing none. The towns of Plymouth furnished in 
this proportion : Bridgewater 188, Middleboro' 160, Scituate 
125, Plymouth 100, Kochester 86, Pembroke 66, Plympton 
56, Marshfield 54, Abington 46, Duxbiiry 44, Kingston 38, 
Hanover 37, VVareham 30, and Halifax 24. A resolve was 
afterwards passed, advising the inhabitants to kill no more 
sheep, except in cases of necessity. 

These were chosen (July 10) a Committee of Safety : Ezra 
Arnold, Levi Loring, Joshua Stanford, Dea. Southworth, Gapt. 
Hall, and Isaac Partridge ; and afterwards (Aug. 7th,) it was 
voted not to use powder, except to shoot destructive vermin. 

1776. Liberty or Death ! was now the prevailing sentiment 
of the land. The Hag of freedom flying from the Liberty-poles 
throughout the province, bore this far-famed motto to the skies, 
and its holy influences upon all the assemblies of the people 
were exerted. " We leave the affair relating to independency 
to the Continental Congress^ to stand or fall with them," 
was the emphatic declaration of the town (May 23d), who 
Avere willing and ready to place in the hands of the chosen of 
the people the destinies of their lives and fortunes. To stand 
by them in prosperity, or to fall witlj them in adversity, was a 
duty, which they alike owed to the memory of those, of whose 
happiest boons they were the grateful recipients; which they 
owed to each other, and which they owed to posterity. 

The Committee of Correspondence for this year (chosen May 
11th,) were G. Partridge, Isaac Partridge, E. Arnold, Peleg 
Wadsworth, James Southworth, Perez Loring, Levi Loring, 
Gaml. Bradford, Jr., Bildad Arnold, Eliphas Prior, Judah 
Delano, Joshua Stanford and Reuben Delano. 

Mr. Partridge was also this year the town's representative. 
He was appointed one of a committee of three of the General 

* During the operation of the Boston Port Bill, supplies were sent to 
the suft'erincr inhabitants of that town by many of the towns througtiout the 
province. Duxbury forwarded (Marcli 13th) twenty-one cords of wood, 
and (March 27lh) tiie sum of £i 5s. 8^/. 


Court, to visit the Commander-in-cliicf at New York, and ob- 
tain his adv'ice concerning tiie term of enlistment, and the 
amount of bounty of the Massachusetts quota of troops. They 
had been instructed by the Massachusetts General Court to 
raise the men for one year; but on their arrival at New York. 
Gen. Washington requested Mr. Partridge to proceed to the 
National Congress, then sitting at Philadelphia. There he 
was advised to propose first to W^ashiugton a compliance with 
this instruction ; but if the Commander-in-chief should disap- 
prove of it. to propose the enlistment of men for three years, or 
during the war. When jMr. Partridge returned, he mentioned 
first the Massachusetts instructions to Wasliingion, who, rais- 
ing his eyes to heaven, and clasping his hands, exclaimed, — 
" My God ! Sir, are you going to give me an army to last but 
one year? I cannot consent to be conuuander-in-chicf of such 
any army." Mr. Partridge then advanced the second propo- 
sition, and the men were raised for that period. — Hev. Beiij. 
Keufs Address. 

Early in the spring of this year, 700 bushels of corn, from 
a Virginian vessel, were purchased, to store it for time of need, 
at an expense of £99 3^. Ad. Other expenses attending it, 
made it amount to £106 13s. 9f/. 

Late in the year (Oct. 7) a meeting of the town was called, 
and it was decided, that it was not expedient for the General 
Court to form a new constitution or plan of government; but 
" to go on in the same method as is usual, or as heretofore 
they have done." However, early in the next year (May 14th, 
1777), they instructed their representatives " to act upon a 
new plan of government." 

A fort was, early in tliis year, built at the Gurnet by the 
towns of Plymouth, Kingston and Duxbury. On the part of 
Duxbury, Isaac Partridge and Dea. Peleg Wadsworth were 
chosen (Feb. 2()th,) their agents in the work of erection. No 
attack, it is believed, was made on this during the war. A 
few shots, however, were exchanged with the British frigate 
Niger, Capt. Talbot; and at this time one of the balls from 
the frigate pierced the light-house ; and the vessel grounded 
on Brown's Island shoal, but soon got off". 

A beacon was also erected on Captaiii's hill, and in tlic 
night time in any danger of attack by the enemy, tar barrels 
were fired, which called the neighboring towns to assistance. 

The Gurnet fort mounted three 12-pounders, one 0-pounder, 
and two 9-pounders. The garrison consisted of about 60 
men, nearly one half of whom were from Duxbury. The 
iirst ollicers were Capt. Wm. Weston of Plymouth, Lt. A. 
Sampson, and I'iUs. Nathl. Carver. These were succeeded 
by Capt. Andrew Sampson of Duxbury, Dea. Smith and 
Ebenczcr Barker, both of Pembroke were L.t. and Ens. ; and 


afterward Capt. Stephen Churchill, whose second in com- 
mand was Lt. John Washburn. 

Early in this year an incident occiu'red, which caused con- 
siderable confusion in the country around. The valiant Capt. 
Manly with a number of valuable prizes approached the 
harbor, and entering it anchored off Saquish point. It was 
supposed at the time that it was a British fleet, come to burn 
the towns around the bay. A beacon was immediately fired 
on Saquish, which was soon followed by another at Captain's 
hill, and at Monk's hill in Kingston, and at Plymouth. 
Troops came pouring in from the neighboring towns, and the 
companies of Duxbury assembled under arms at Captain's 
hill ; but soon after the facts of the case were known, and the 
crowd dispersed. 

This was a time of general fear along the coast by those who 
were expecting the execution of the threats of Admiral Graves. 
Sentinels were constantly posted, and they attended divine 
service on the Sabbath, with their arms. 

In General Sullivan's campaign in Rhode Island, nearly the 
whole body of militia in the county were ordered to his aid. 
The two companies of Duxbury marched under the conmiand 
of Capt. Calvin Partridge, and were gone about two months. 
Arriving at Little Compton, they were placed under the 
immediate command of Gen. Peleg VVadsworth, who had 
charge of the militia, then assembled to the number of about 
201)0 men. On one occasion, while Gen. Sullivan was skir- 
mishing with the British at some distance. Gen. Wadsworth 
by his command drew up his militia in a body and formed 
them ready for an attack, whenever orders came for advanc- 
ing. While thus arrayed, he was informed that they would 
probably be soon ordered forward. Gen. Wadsworth then for 
a short time harangued his men, and prepared them for the 
onset; but as no orders came they saw no fighting on that 
day. This occurred late in the summer of 1777. 

During the absence of the men, the harvesting was done by 
the matrons of the town, who divided themselves into two 
companies, the one commanded by Miss Rachel Sampson, and 
the other by Mrs. William Thomas, and met by turns at the 
different farms, and gathered the crops; there being none but 
the old men remaining in the town. 

1777. The following were chosen (March 17) a committee 
of correspondence and safety: Deacons Wadsworth, South- 
worth and Loring, Capt's Hall and Arnold, Ezra Arnold, 
Eliphas Prior, Reuben Delano, Judah Delano, Joshua Stan- 
ford, and Perez Chandler. There were but few towns in the 
province, who did not number among their inhabitants some 
of the supporters of the British Government, who were 
induced to act the part, more from fear, than from a sincere 
18 • 

138 LOYALISTS. [1777. 

belief in their duty of loyalty; though doubtless there were 
some of the latter class. Few towns were destitute of a tory 
house, where these bondmen of British tyranny were wont to 
congregate, either in secret or openly. In Duxbury (and to its 
honor may it be said,) there was not a single tory ! None 
dared to profess themselves the friends of British tyranny. 

Liberty-pole recantations in Dnxbury were not numerous, 
as there were none to recant. However the tories of other 
towns did not altogether escape their strict regimen, which 
they judged perhaps conformable to the duties of perfect 
patriots. An attempt was made to seize upon Nathaniel 
Phillips, one of the principal loyalists of Marshficld; but he 
contrived to escape their vigilance. At one time Dr. Stock- 
bridge, Paul White, and Elisha Ford, three of the leading 
tories in Marshfield, were seized and carted under the liberty 
pole in Duxbury, and forced lo sign recantations. The liberty 
pole was placed on the hill near Col. Bradford's and stood 
several years after the war. However it appears from the 
records that (May 14th, 1777) the town appointed John 
Sampson with instructions " to procure all evidence that he 
could get against all the enemies of the State, and to make 
report thereof to proper authorities." 

Marshfield was the centre of toryism in this quarter. A 
large number was also collected at Sandwich. There were 
some at Plymouth, Halifax and Taunton, and a few in 
Bridgewater; and these seemed to constitute nearly the whole 
tory legion in the Old Colony. The associated loyalists at 
Marshfield numbered about 30(1 persons. Among the princi- 
pal characters of this body may be mentioned nearly every 
member of the ancient Winslow family, and the residence of 
Dr. Isaac Winslow was one of the chief places of their 
meeting; yet he alone of the family was permitted to remain 
on his estate during the war. He died here in 1819, set. 81, 
having lived a life of usefulness in his profession. Another 
member of this association, Nathaniel Ray Thomas, bore the 
odious office of mandamus counsellor. He eml)arked for 
Halifax on the evacuation of Boston by the British army in 
177G, where he died in 1791. He is called in McFingal, 

" That Marshfield blunderer, Nat. Ray Thomas." 

In the month of July in the year 1771, about seven hundred 
persons from different parts of the county assembled in 
Marshfield, and marched to the dwelling of Mr. Thomas, to 
endeavor to compel him to resign his commission of manda- 
mus counsellor. Arriving here they were told that he had 
gone to Boston; however they searched his house, and put 
the family under oath, administered by a justice of Pem- 

1777.] LOYALISTS. 139 

broke, who was present, and they solemnly declared that he 
was absent. 

Another, Abijah White, who had been the representative of 
the town in the General Court, and a goverinnent man of 
great zeal, but of little discretion, carried to Boston the cele- 
brated Marsh field resolves, censuring the whigs, and caused 
them to be published, which drew upon him their wrath, and he 
sunk under the burden of general ridicule. He was obliged 
to flee to the protection of the British in Boston, to escape the 
fury of the whigs, and here in remuneration for his services, 
the English General appointed him superintendent of a turnip 
field, wliich had been planted (where now is the Boston 
Latin School,) by the troops to furnish themselves with 
vegetables for the sick, the town at that time being deprived 
of all intercourse with the country without. This proved 
scarcely consistent with the dignity of the Marshfield loyalist. 
In McFingal, in recounting one of his exploits, it says, — 

" Abijah White, when sent, 
Our Marshfield friends to represent, 
Himself while dread array involves, 
Commissions, pistols, swords, resolves, 
In awful pomp descending down, 
Bore terror on the faction town." 

He was of the party of tories and marines, captured by 
Maj. Tupper at the light house in Boston harbor, and was 
wounded in the encounter. Isaac Joice, Seth Bryant, Caleb 
and Meizar Carver, Israel Tilden, Thomas Decrovv and 
Joseph Phillips were likewise odious to the friends of liberty, 
and were proscribed and banished in 1778. Tlie mob some- 
times acted with indiscretion, though it is not known that the 
town on any occasion forced npon these enemies of their 
liberties any unwarrantable punishments. Some, it is true, 
were conrpelled to sign recantations of sentiments under the 
liberty pole. Tlie following account is given* of the treat- 

* Lorenzo Sabine^s Americaii Loyalists. Of the colonies, says the same 
authority. New York was undeniably the loyalists' strong hold, and con- 
tained more of them than any other colony in all America. Massachusetts 
furnished 67,907 whig soldiers between the years 1775 and 1783, while 
New York supplied but 17,781. In adjusting the war balances after the 
peace, Massachusetts had overpaid her share in the sum of $ 1,248,801 of 
silver money ; but New York was deficient in the large amount of $ 2,074,- 
840. New Hampshire, though almost a wilderness, furnished 12,496 troops 
for the continental ranks, or quite three quarters of the number enlisted in 
the Empire Slate. 

One more fact may serve to throw a still stronger light, to illuminate 
more brightly the nearly unanimous whig principles of the old Bay State. 
Virginia, whose established quota was the next highest and within four 
thousand of that of Massachusetts, failed to comply therewith iu the 


ment of a Halifax tory, at the hands of some of the furious 
whigs. One Jesse Dunbar by name, having bought some fat 
cattle of a mandamus counsellor in 1774, drove them to 
Plymouth for sale. The whigs soon learned with whom he 
had presumed to deal, and after he had slaughtered, skinned 
and hnng up one of the beasts, commenced punishing him for 
the otfence. His tormentors, it appears, pnt the dead ox in a 
cart and fixed Dunbar in his belly, carted him four miles and 
required him to pay one dollar for the ride. He was then 
delivered over to a Kingston mob, who carted him four other 
miles and exacted another dollar. A Duxbury mob then 
took him and after beating him in the face with the creature's 
tripe, and, endeavoring to cover his person with it, carried 
him to counsellor Thomas' house, and compelled him to pay 
a further sum of money. Flinging his beef into the road, 
they now left him to recover and return as he could. When 
he was received from the Kingston mob, he was put into a 
cart belonging to Mr. William Arnold. By the conunand of 
Capt. Wait Wadsworth, he was first allowed to walk by the 
cart; but while some of the boys, who were collected in great 
numbers, were dancing around him, he tripped some of them 
up with his feet, which so irritated the people, that tliey 
placed hiin again in the cart with renewed violence; and soon 
again transferred him to another ox cart, which carried him 
and finally tipped him out in front of the counsellor's door. 

The town chose (Nov. 24th) Bezaleel Alden, Nathan Chand- 
ler and Joseph Soule a committee " to fulfil the resolves of the 
Court, relating to the soldiers in the Continental army." 

1778. Early in this year (Jan. 15th), the town assembled, 
and voted to instruct their representatives to comply with the 
resolves of the Continental Congress, and to keep a confede- 
rate union with the United States, to be entered upon for the 
good of the whole. Dea. Loring, Capt. Arnold, and Mr. Par- 
tridge were appointed to draw up instructions, which they 
reported as follows : — " To George Partridge and Dea. Peleg 
Wadsworth, Representatives; — You are directed to act and 
to do in the matter, relating to a compliance of a perpetual 
union and confederate commerce with the United States, as 
you shall judge most meet for the advantage of this and the 
other United States, for the good of the whole relative to the 

These were appointed (April 0th) a committee of inspection 
and safety, — VVrestling Alden, James Freeman, Jr., Judali 
Delano, Jolm Sampson and Dea. Loring. 

number of about 22,000 men : wbilo Massachusetts overrun over 15,000 
men. Thus Massacliiitetts, thoutrh required by Congress to furnish only 
4,000 more men, raised over 37,000 more I 


At the above-named meeting in January, Jacob Weston 
was authorized by the town " to procure one hundred pounds 
in lawful money, to buy s^" money's worth in arms and am- 
munition for y^ town's store." It was afterwards voted, that 
the selectmen dispose of the arms, thus procured, by lot; but 
this vote was rescinded at the next meeting, and it was order- 
ed that they be apprized, and that the selectmen retain them 
until further orders. 

At a meeting, March 23d, the town "voted to grant the 
petition of Capt. Arnold and Lt. Hall, for establishing the 
several votes passed in the first company of militia in Dux- 
bury, for raising soldiers for the Continental and Slate service, 
agreeable to said petition." 

At a very large meeting of the town, on the 1st of June, 
called to consider the expediency of the country's adopting a 
new plan of government, it was nearly unanimously decided 
in the negative (103 noes and 3 ayes). Assessors were 
chosen to raise money for the militia companies; Col. Alden, 
Benj. Alden and Judah Delano for the north ; and Joseph 
Freeman, Jr.. Capt. Andrew Sampson and Saml. Chandler for 
the south, Capt. Bildad Arnold was chosen to attend the 
convention to be held at Concord in October next. 

The Board of War delivered (Nov. 28th,) "to Capt. Sylva- 
nus Drew, 19 firearms for the town of Duxburough at £G." 

1779. The town voted (May 17th) that their representa- 
tive. Mr. Partridge, be instructed, that if the major part of the 
State be for a change of government, he should vote for a 
committee for that purpose. The vote was then taken as re- 
gards a new constitution, which was decided in the negative 
by a majority of 21 votes (neg. 30, aff. 7). They then re- 
quested Capt. Hall, Lt. Elijah Baker, Capt. Calvin Partridge, 
Lit. Saml. Chandler and Ezra Weston, to engage three soldiers 

for the Continental army, and four for . Voted, that a 

tax be levied to pay the soldiers' polls, which were 3^. 6c/. on 
the hundred. 

At a meeting, Aug. 16th, they chose " Col. Briggs Alden and 
Mr. Eliphas Prior to attend the county convention to be held 
at Mr. Caleb Loring's, the 24lh day of this instant August." 

1780. This year exhibited greater activity on the part of 
the inhabitants, to bring the struggle for freedom at an end. 
They appear to have entered upon the year with more deter- 
mination and greater fortitude. The war, which had now 
been raging for nearly five years, demanded their most stren- 
uous exertions to bring it at once to a speedy and honorable 
close. Discouragement and discontent became to be manifest- 
ed among the troops. Their families at home beggared, them- 
selves receiving but poor pay and a scanty subsistence, they 
turned from the ranks in despair. To retain them in the ser- 


vice was of the greatest moment to the country. To do this, 
large sums of money must be raised by taxation, and meas- 
ures were undertaken throughout the provinces to raise the 
requisite amount. With liigli expectations of a future ac- 
knowledged independence, or at least with the consciousness 
of doing all in their power to secure this blessing for posterity, 
many of the towns innuediately came forward to tlie assist- 
ance of their common country. Jvirly in the opening of this 
year, (Feb. 8lh,) this town assembled, to take into considera- 
tion means for procuring the necessary sum which would be 
required of them to discliarge the debts already contracted by 
the war, and to furnish money for the removal of the same. 
Glost of those who had enlisted for the term of nine months, 
had received no remuneration. After some discussion, it was 
voted to raise £5000 for the payment of these. 

Dea. James Southworth, Capt. Bildad Arnold and Eliphas 
Prior were, appointed (Mar. 7th,) the committee of correspond- 
ence for the ensuing year. The form of government was, at a 
meeting held on the 22d of May, presented to the town for 
their approval or rejection. It was duly considered ; and, on 
taking the question, the vote stood 44 for it, v/iih five dissent- 
ing voices. 

The terms of service of the troops were now fast expiring, 
and recruits were wanted to supply their places. The town 
took all necessary measures to supply her quota of men in the 
coming campaign. It was not however until somewhat late 
in the season, that a company could be gathered. They 
assembled on the 19th of June, but without transacting any 
business, save voting to unite m the forming of the company, 
they adjourned to the next day, and met at the house of 
Wrestling Alden. Eighteen men were now selected, who 
were required to provide one man each. The meeting then 
adjourned to the meeting-house, where the following votes for 
raising more money were next passed. First, to raise £800 
by a tax on the polls and estates of the town, to pay the sol- 
diers raised pursuant to the three resolves of the General 
Court, for rcenforcing the Continental army. Second, to raise 
£10.000 to pay the nine months' men, last in the army. At 
an adjourned meeting, it was voted that the above committee 
of eiglitccn be empowered to engage the men " at 20 hard dol- 
lars a month, including the State's bounty, which the town is 
to have the benefit of, or 20 bushels of corn, or 15 bushels of 
rye, or other produce at this same rate." A vote was also 
passed " to indemnify the officers in case there is a fine amerc- 
ed on them." On the 3d of July the town again assembled, 
when it was ascertained tliat this committee, with the excep- 
tion of six, had procured each a man to serve for six months. 
Six otiiers wore now added to the committee, to exert their 


influence in procuring the residue. The company was called 
together by their officers, ready for the departure on the 10th 

Now came another demand for 22 militia men. to serve three 
months ; and they agreed to raise these at their own expense ; 
and a committee, corresponding to the number required, were 
authorized to procure each a man, and to agree with him. 
At this time the town determined, that those who shall pay 
the tax levied for paying the three and six months men i7i sil- 
ver, shall be exempted from paying more for said purpose. It 
Mall be observed, that the currency was required to be hard ; 
for at this time the paper currency had so much depreciated, 
that one dollar in silver would purchase nearly an hundred in 

A call was also made on the town by the State, for her quota 
of beef, which was 6190 poands, and a tax was voted to be 
levied to procure funds for purchasing the same, estimating 
the beef at $4 per pound, which would make the amount 
.^24,760. Eliphas Prior was afterwards (Oct. 3d) appointed 
to purchase it, and to hire a sum equal to the amount, if he 
could; and to deliver the beef to a person authorized to re- 
ceive it, by the General Court. The treasurer was also told 
to issue notes, payable in six months, to any person who 
would sell the beef or lend the money. 

The following men, of Duxbury, at this period served three 
months in Baron Stnben's infantry : — Isaac Delano, Joshua 
Brewster, Consider Glass, Oliver Delano, and James Weston. 

1781. The Committee of Correspondence, Inspection and 
Safety of last year, were reappointed for the present year. 

The town met on the 1st of January, and determined to 
raise 14 more men to serve for threp years; and a committee 
of the same number were appointed to procure each a man. 
The militia ofhcers were requested to assist in the levy ; and, 
at an adjourned meeting (Jan. 5th), a new plan was agreed 
upon, by dividing the town into classes, and requiring each 
class to provide one man, agreeing with him as they may 
think best. Assembling again on the 29th, no further steps 
were taken, except they passed a vote, stimulating the inhab- 
itants to renewed action. Afterwards (April) they voted to 
pay the twenty men, who were to march to Tiverton, three 
shillings per day, including the State's pay. A committee 
was also appointed to settle accounts with those before chosen 
to settle with the three, six, and nine months men. This 
committee consisted of Col. B. Alden, Bezaleel Alden and John 

In July three men were enlisted in the west part of the 
town to serve in the Rhode Island campaign for five months. 
Some farther resolves were made at a meeting on the 9th of 


this month, in relation to the three months men. They voted 
to allow them £6 per month, exclusive of the State's pay ; 
and voted to raise fortius purpose £3(3; and also agreed to 
indemnify the officers if they did not draft the men. 

In this place it may be well to give some account of the 
part the inhabitants of Dnxbury took in the maritime affairs 
of this period. 

In the early part of the war, a fishing schooner, belonging 
to Elijah Sampson of Dnxbury, was taken and burnt by the 
enemy, off the beach within sight of the town. She was 
commanded by Capt. Lewis Drew, and manned by Ezra 
Howard, Joseph Delano, Zebdiel Delano, Abiathar Alden, 
and Zadock Bradford. They were taken to New York and 
put on board the Jersey prison ship, where they all died 
excepting Alden and Bradford, who returned home. 

The English forty-gunship Chatham took the schooner 
Olive, belonging to Capt. Nathaniel Winsor, by whom she 
was at that time commanded, and manned by Wm. Winsor, 
Thonms Sampson and Lot Hunt. They were finally released 
on parole with the loss of their mainsail, which the enemy 

Shortly after the above, Samuel Chandler's schooner Polly 
Johnson, commanded by Capt. John Winsor, and manned by 
Consider Glass, Thomas Chandler, Asa Tour, and James 
Weston, was taken by the Englisli thirty-two gunship Perse- 
verance. The enemy put on board the schooner several of 
their crew, who started on a cruise for the purpose of ascer- 
taining her sailing qualities. They however returned on the 
next day, and, putting on board her original crew with the 
crew of another prize, which they had taken, belonging to 
Cape Ann, released them on parole, giving to the two crews 
the schooner, which they afterwards returned to the rightful 

Capt. Eden Wadsworth, George Cushman, and Joshua 
Brewster served in the public armed vessels. In the summer 
of 1779, Freeman Loring, Studlcy Sampson, Amasa Delano, 
and Joseph Bestow joined tlie crew of the privateer Mars, an 
armed vessel of 22 guns, fitted out at Boston by Mr. David 
Sears and commanded by Capt. Ash. James Tour and 
William Ripley served aboard the Alliance frigate. 

Messrs. Warren Weston, Abel Sampson, Bisbce Chandler, 
Howard Chandler, and Samuel ])clano were with Capt. 
Simeon Sampson in a briar, Mdien he was taken by the English 
ship Kaiuhow. Abel Sampson died in the Halifax prison. 
The Rainbow was soon after nearly lost in a fog in the vicin- 
ity of Cape Sable; but was finally rescued from her perilous 
situation by the skill of a Marblehead captain who was a 


prisoner on board, and who thus obtained his Hberty, which 
was granted to him as a recompense for his services. 

In the year 1781, a small vessel, called a ^^ Shaving Mill," 
was built and equipped at Kingston, to proceed along the 
coast to the Penobscot, and there to plunder and seize the 
British stores. She was a long craft, had three lateen sails 
and fourteen oars. She sailed from Captain's hill under the 
command of Capt. Joseph Wadsworth, whose heutenant was 
Daniel Loring, and was absent on her cruise about three 

1782. On the 1st of August an order came from the Hon. 
Henry Gardner for the town to furnish the sum of £222| for 
three men in the State service, in accordance with the resolve 
of the State, March, 1782. 

1783. The blessing of peace at last came upon the States, 
and with it, too, the consummation of their most ardent aspi- 
rations. Liberty and independence had been acquired, though 
through rivers of blood and plains of desolation. As to the 
founders of New England we owe the blessing of religious 
liberty; so to the heroes of the revolution must we look, as 
the source of our civil independence. Both the choicest 
favors in the gift of Providence. Temporary has been the 
admiration bestowed on the mightiest exploits ; but lasting as 
the soil upon which they trod, must be the love and venera- 
tion ever to be manifested for the memory of those who first 
acquired and handed to posterity, the richest of Heaven's 
blessings, civil and religious liberty. They acted from 
principles, — principles, which made them look rather to the 
future, than the past, rather to the acquirement of liberty and 
prosperity for their children, than to the augmentation of their 
own personal happiness. They strove for the establishment 
of those institutions now so endeared to our hearts, and so 
beneficial to our security. They strove in unity, — unity of 
purpose and of deed, and may their example ever be before 
us, and may it prompt us to a regard for the union of our 
States, and may our dying ejaculations be in anticipation of 
an eternal concord, peaceful and happy. They bequeathed 
to us the choicest boons. It is to the character of the primitive 
settlers of New England, that we are indebted for our system 
of general education, now so justly the subject of our own 
pride, and the object of universal admiration ; and their 
children, drinking in the spirit which actuated their fathers in 
the performance of those deeds, still and ever will uphold that 
native energy and inborn perseverance, which has made New 
England what she is, her sons the models of uprightness, 
alike distinguished for integrity and probity, and the possess-' 
ors of that enterprising spirit, which has caused the world to 



be encircled by her numbers, and every sea whitened with 
her sails. 

Bat few of the participators in that struggle are now left 
amongst lis. In 1S40, there were in the town nineteen survi- 
vors, who received pensions from the government, but since 
then many of them have died.* Their names were Joseph 
Kinney, aged 8.5 years, Rowland Sampson 85. Andrew Samp- 
son 91, Thomas Chandler 87, Samuel (Gardner 76, Howard 
Chandler 81, James Weston 79, Oliver Delano 81, Reuben 
Dawes 95, Nathaniel Hodges 78, Isaiah Alden 81, Abner 
Sampson 88, Levi Weston 83, Judah Alden 89, Uriah 
Sprague 92, Seth Sprague 80, Joshua Brewster 77, Jeptha 
Delano 81, and Edward x\rnold 92. The aggregate age of 
these was 1603 years; the average age 84 "^-i'-*- There were 
four over 90; eleven between 80 and 90; and four between 
70 and 80. At the same date there were thirteen widows 
receiving pensions, whose husbands had served in the war. 
Their aggregate age was 1025 years, and the average 78 '^-'^ 
years. Of all the towns in Plymouth county, no other, 
except Middleboro', had a larger or so large a number. 

* Under the first pension law, there were 22 pensioners in Duxbury. It 
has been estimated that there were about sixty individuals from Duxbury 
actively engaged through the revolution in the army and navy. The 
following is an imperfect list of those men belonging to Duxbury, who 
were either killed in action or died in the army during the war : of Capt. 
S. Bradford's company, Elisha Sampson, Asa Hunt, and Thomas Sprague, 
at the battle of White Plains. Col. Ichabod Alden at Clierry Valley, and 
of his regiment in the retreat from Ticonderoga to Albany, Carpus White, 
and also James Wright and Nathaniel Weston, who died by disease. 
Joshua Sprague, asergeant under Capt. Bradford, died at New York, Aug. 
20. 177r>a?t25. Ira Bradford served on board a privateer and was killed in 
a fight on Long Island Sound. Samuel Alden received a mortal wound in 
the Penobscot expedition. 




Col. Briggs Alden. He was quite young elected an officer 
of the militia, and in 1762 elevated to the office of Major, and 
in 1776 received the rank of Colonel. During the war he con- 
tinued in firm opposition to the proceedings of the English 
government, and his exertions in support of the measures of 
the Continental Congress were untiring, truly believing that 
in that the fate of the country could be safely intrusted. 
At most of the meetings of the town during his long and 
active life, he presided, and his customary stately and digni- 
fied mien secured for him the respect of the people, for whose 
interests he toiled much, and whose services were by them 
duly appreciated. It is true, he was in the commencement of 
the" troubles with England, opposed to the proceedings of the 
provincials, and an esteemed friend of Gov. Hutchinson. 
When however the English Parliament asserted their right to 
tax the colonies in every case without their consent, he was 
convinced of their unjust purpose, and felt true indignation at 
their course, declared thai they ought to be resisted, expressed 
himself prepared to fight them, and came out a warm and 
decided whig. 

He was an active member of the church, for many years a 
justice of the peace, and much interested in the cause of 
education. In person he was portly and of great size, weigh- 
ing about 220 pounds ; dignified in his manner, and of lofty 

The portrait of Col. Alden, which accompanies this work, 
is copied from a miniature likeness, taken by the late Dr. 
Rufus Hathaway, but a few years previous to the Colonel's 
death, and is said by his grandchildren, in whose possession 
the original now is, to have been a striking likeness. 

Having faithfully served his generation he departed this life 
on the 4th of Oct. 1796, aged 74 years. His son Samuel 
served in the Penobscot expedition under Gen. Lovell, where 
he received a wound from which he afterwards died, Nov. 
1778, aged 27. 

Major Judah Alden, son of Col. Briggs Alden, served 
during the first years of the war in Col. Bailey's regiment 
as a Captain, and was a brave and valiant officer ; and like- 
wise an officer of the minute company in the town, and in the 


capacity of clerk of which he commenced his mihtary career. 
As an officer, Major Alden was skilful and prudent. He was 
an intimate and confidential friend of Washington, and of 
whom he always spoke with freedom ; yet nothing ever 
escaped him but in praise. In the use of arms he was dex- 
terous, and his fine manly form manifesting great physical 
strength, eminently qualified him for the profession he led in 
early life; but which he chose from a conscientious regard for 
duty, and tbough of a disposition much averse to the bloody 
consequences of war, he pursued it for his country's good, 
and regardless of his own private happiness, he spent the 
vigor of his days, amid the turmoil of the camp, and the 
confusion and din of strife, to secure for his children an ever- 
lasting freedom. Living to an extreme old age and enjoying 
it in comparative health, preserving his erectness of figure 
nntil within a few years of his death, he died in the full 
possession of his intellectual powers, on the 12th of March, 
184."5, aged 94. 

While at Roxbury in 1776, he accompanied Col. Learned 
into Boston with a flag of truce, immediately after the news 
came of the defeat of Montgomery at Ciuebec. As they 
approached the British out-sentries, a British Colonel, with 
half a dozen subordinate officers, met them. They inquired 
the news from Quebec, and were very freely informed. 
Their interview vv^as about one half of an hour. Maj. Alden 
inquired of the Colonel, why they did not come out and make 
the troops at Roxbury a visit. "Ah!" replied he, "we 
should have to think of that some time first." About this 
time a party of the British landed and took possession of one 
of the islands near Quincy. Gen. Thomas determined to 
dislodge them, and sent Col. Tupper with JMaj. Alden and 
others, and a party of men in the Plymouth whale boats. 
Tlie English, however, left the island before they arrived 
there, and were too far to the eastward for pursuit, and the 
party then returned safe. Maj. Alden was for several years 
preceding his death President of the Massachusetts Society of 
Cincinnati, of which he was an active and devoted member. 
He was also a member of the Pilgrim Society. 

Capt. Bildad Arnold. He was early one of the minute 
men of the town, and commanded a company of its militia. 
He also had command of a com|)any in Col. Thomas Lath- 
rop's regiment, and continued in the war during a greater 
part of its continuance. 

Hon. (iAMAi.n::L Bradford. He was a son of Lieutenant 
Samuel Bradford of Duxbury, and a great-grandson of Hon. 
William, the second Governor of Plymouth colony. He shar- 


ed largely in all the duties of the public offices of the town, 
and was always selected to bear the responsibilities of its im- 
portant agencies. He was a friend of education, and did 
much towards the maintenance and improvement of the public 
schools. He for several years represented his town in the 
legislature, and during the trying period from 1764 to 1770, 
was a member of the executive council. He was for many 
years a justice of the peace, and judge of the county court. 
He also held command of the company of militia in his native 
town ; and about 1750, was raised to the rank of major, and 
afterwards promoted to the command of the regiment, with 
the rank of colonel. In his declining days he witnessed with 
patriotic ardor the uprising of the Sons of Freedom ; and 
though his heart was with them, he was unable by active ex- 
ertion to assist in the crowning glories of true-born freemen. 
He died in Duxbury on the 24th of April, 1778, having nearly 
reached his seventy-fourth year. 

Col. Gamaliel Bradford, a son of the subject of the preced- 
ing sketch. Like his father, he was a man of eminence and 
worth in his town, serving it in various capacities, and intrust- 
ed with its highest honors. During the period of 1756-8, he 
was in command of a company of militia, and on the com- 
mencement of hostilities at tlie beginning of the Revolution, 
he held the rank of major. He was one of the magistrates of 
the county, and formed one of the number who presented an 
address to Gen. Gage, for which act he afterwards asked the 
forgiveness of the town and signed a recantation of sentiments. 
His future career, however, was entirely free from any dis- 
affection to freedom. Soon after the commencement of the 
war, in 1770, he was appointed to the command of one of the 
continental regiments, and in this capacity he served until the 
close of hostilities. He was likewise a colonel of the militia, 
and also for some years the representative of the town. He 
died in Duxbury, Jan. 9th, 1807, aged 76 years. He was 
father of Captains Gamaliel, Daniel, and Gershom, and of the 
Hon. Alden Bradford, late Secretary of the Commonwealth. 

Capt. Gamaliel Bradford, a son of Col. Bradford, the sub- 
ject of the preceding notice. He was born at Duxbury on the 
4th of iNovember, 1763, and received his early education under 
the tuition and care of the Hon. George Partridge. On the 
eve of the birth of American freedom, when at the youthful 
age of thirteen, he accompanied his father to the American 
camp, and ever after, amid the confusion and turmoil of the 
scenes of war and in the din and strife of conflict, he remained 
true and steadfast in his country's cause, until he witnessed 
her possession of acknowledged independence. Jn 1779, he 


received the rank of ensign, and in the following year was pro- 
moted to the station of a lieutenant. After the establishment 
of peace, his active and energetic nature led him to the deci- 
sion upon a life at sea as a means of his livelihood. In 17S4, 
he performed his first voyage to France. While remaining 
and travellins2; on the continent, he gave his attention to the 
study of the modern European languages. Of the French he 
acquired a thorough and accurate knowledge, and spoke it 
with ease and fluency. Of the Spanish, Italian and Latin he 
also acquired considerable knowledge. His letters to his 
friends at this period evince his literary attainments, and his 
account of his ascent of Mount Vesuvius, and description of 
the entrance of Napoleon into Venice, are fine examples of 
epistolary literature. 

In 1798, at the time of the difficulties with France, he was 
oflered the command of the Boston frigate by President Adams, 
but he declined the appointment. 

In 1799, while in command of a merchant ship of 400 tons, 
he was attacked in the Mediterranean by four French priva- 
teers, and made a successful resistance. And again, in the 
following year, while on the coast of Spain, he was assailed 
by two large French armed vessels, and in the engagement 
wiiich ensued he received a wound in his thigh, which ren- 
dered amputation necessary. 

Now for a sliort time he engaged in commercial pursuits at 
home; but soon after, though laboring under such great dis- 
advantages, he again assumed the duties of a commander at 
sea, and thus continued until the year 1808, when he returned 
once more to mercantile engagements on the land, and finally 
in 1813, received the appointment of AVarden of the State's 
Prison. He died March 7th, 1824, aged 61. — See a Memoir 
in Mass. Hist. Coll. 3d ser. I. 202. 

Capt. Sylvanus Drew. In the beginning of the Revolution 
he had command of a small schooner, the Lady Washington, 
and a number of wliale-boats, which were employed as 
cruisers in Boston harbor. On one occasion, the schooner was 
chased by a British frigate, when, running into shoal water, 
out of the reach of the enemy's guns, boats were sent by the 
frigate to board her; but they were repulsed, and driven oft' 
with great loss, and the schooner escaped unharmed. 

Capt. Samuel Loring. Soon after the commencement of 
hostilities, he joined the company raised in the town, and was 
chosen their lieutenant. With his companions in arms he 
served in the memorable campaigns of 1776 and 1777 in the 
Jerseys. But by the many exposures and hardships of the 
camp, his constitution was weakened and his health impaired. 


Suffering from an attack of a fever, he was obliged to return 
home, as were many others of his company. He was then 
shortly after chosen to the command of the company of militia 
in his native town, and in the possession of this office he con- 
tinued until somewhat late in life. He was at one time of 
Capt. James Lincoln's company, Col. Cotton's regiment. After 
the war, he was appointed by the government one of the asses- 
sors for levying a land tax m Plymouth county, and perform- 
ed the duty with that integrity which was conspicuous in his 
more private concerns. His brother, Jiidah Loving^ also 
served in the ranks in the early part of the war. Another 
brother, Daniel Loring^ was in the army, and accompanied 
the expedition to Rhode Island in 1775, — was at the escape 
of Putnam at Horseneck, and at the surrender of Cornwallis 
at Yorktown, October, 1781. Setli Lori?ig, also brother of 
the preceding, was clerk of the Duxbury company in 1776, 
and at a later period an officer in one of the Boston companies, 
and at the time of his death he was secretary of the Massa- 
chusetts Board of War, under Gen. Heath. The records of 
the Board, much of which are in the elegant hand- writing of 
Mr. Loring, are in the State archives. He was in Boston dur- 
ing the siege, and suffered, in common with others, the priva- 
tions to which they were subjected. He was bred a merchant 
in the counting-room of Samuel Partridge, and was a large 
dealer in teas. At the early age of twenty-four, and in the 
midst of his usefulness he died, at Boston, Sept. lOth, 1779. 
He held a high standing in society, and was a true gentleman 
in feelings and deportment, and his early death was greatly 
lamented by a large circle of friends and relatives, and of 
which honorable mention is made in the public prints of the 

CoL. JoTHAM LoRiNG was a native of Hingham, though a 
resident of Duxbury in his latter years. He served in the Old 
French War, as a private, under the command of Col. Benja- 
min Lincoln, and was at Fort William Henry when it was 
taken by Gen. Montcalm, in 1757. On the commencement of 
hostilities in 1775, he was one of the committee of Hingham, 
chosen to have inspection of the militia, and shortly after re- 
ceived a captain's commission in the regiment of Col. Greaton 
in Roxbury ; and in June we find him a major in Col. Heath's 
regiment, and soon after fighting in the ranks of aspiring free- 
men on the heights of Bunker's Hill. At the time of the land- 
ing of the British at Nantasket, Maj. Loring, with Maj. Vose 
and others, succeeded in escaping with about a thousand 
bushels of barley, which they had cut. They then proceed- 
ed to the light-house at the entrance of the harbor, burned 
it, and captured three boats of the British, who were out on 


a fishing excursion from Boston, and succeeded in eflecfing 
tlieir escape, bringing off with them tliree casks of oil and fifty 
pounds of powder. They also burned a barn and some hay 
on the Brewsters. Although this was done amid an almost 
incessant fire from the British men-of-war and tenders lying 
in the harbor, yet they escaped, having only two men slightly 
wounded. Col. Loring was also present in the assault on 
Danbury, and in the affair his horse was shot from under 
hitu. — 31 S. Records of the Loriiig Family. 

Col. Calvin Partridge. Soon after the commencement of 
the war, he was chosen to the command of one of the militia 
companies of the town ; and in the Rhode Island expedition 
he had command of the forces sent by Uuxbury. He was 
afterwards elevated to the rank of colonel of the regiment, and 
was a man of usefidness in his town. The character of Col. 
Partridge was such, that he secured by its nature of joviality 
and jocoseness, and by his agreeableness of manners, the re- 
gard of his cotemporaries. 

Hon. George Partridge. He was born on the 8th of Feb- 
ruary, 1740, of reputable parents. His mother was a daugh- 
ter of Dea. Foster of Plymouth, and his father was the grand- 
son of one of the first settlers of Duxbury, who bore the name 
of his descendant, and who ranked high among the most re- 
spectable yeomanry of the period, and whose i'amily connec- 
tions bespeak him to have been a man of substance. 

The subject of this sketch pursued his early studies under 
the care of the Rev. Charles Turner, and doubtless partook 
something of the ardent patriotism of that worthy divine. 
Having traversed the course of study preparatory to entering 
upon a collegiate course, he joined the University at Cam- 
bridge, where he graduated in 17(32. He was next engaged 
as an instructor of youth in Kingston, and afterwards this was 
rehnquished for the study of divinity, which had always been 
his cherished purpose. He was, however, soon afllicted with 
a disease wliicli blasted his prospects as a public speaker. He 
now again turned his attention to the education of youth, and 
in tills capacity was employed from 1770 until 1773, when 
he emerged more openly into public view, by tlie groimds he 
took in that troubled and momentous period. His services 
during this time were valuable, as will be seen in connection 
with the history of the town. His name stands conspicuous 
on the annals of the State, and the records in her archives bear 
amj)le testimony to his character and his services. 

His patriotism was sincere, yet ardent and zealous. He 
strove for a purpose, — for a purpose, whose only object was 
the political independence and advancement of his country- 


men. His zeal was rational; it was no blind condnctor of the 
will; it was not that zeal which, as Johnson has expressed it, 
is an eagerness to snbvert, with little care what shall be estab- 
lished — but it was considerate and prudent. 

In 1777, he succeeded Gen. Warren as sheriff of Plymouth 
county, and held the ofhce with little interruption until 1812. 

Tn 1781, he was a delegate to Congress under the old Con- 
federation, and at his death was the last surviving member, 
with the exception of the venerable Charles Carroll of Mary- 
land. He remained there constantly until the close of the 
Revolution, and was on several important committees, and 
was at Annapolis when the news came that our Independence 
was acknowledged, and was present in 1783, when Washing- 
ton delivered up his commission — a scene, as he often de- 
scribed it, of the most thrilling interest. In 1784, he was 
again a delegate to Congress ; in 1788, once again a represent- 
ative, and in 1790 was again chosen for another term of two 
years. In 1792, he was one of the electors of the President 
and Vice President, and afterwards a member of the State 

In his latter days he lived a life of usefulness in his native 
town, and finally died on the morning of the 7th of July, 1828, 
at the advanced age of 88 years, universally beloved as a 
Christian, a friend and pillar of the Church, a supporter of the 
cause of education, and esteemed as an example of patriotism 
and morality. His memory is still perpetuated by his own 
endowment of a seminary of learning, which shall transmit to 
future generations the name of a devoted friend of learning, 
and a Christian philanthropist. 

Dr. John Wadsworth. He had served in the Canada war 
as an oflicer. and on the commencement of the Revolution 
was a Captain of the militia. His opposition to the tyranni- 
cal power of Great Britain was firm and steady ; and he used 
his utmost endeavors to instigate his lellow-townsmen in that 
path, which he truly believed led to their own happiness and 
to the acquirement of their liberty. During the stifled con- 
tentions between the colonies and the mother country, which 
preceded the open outbreaks of hostilities, he was a member 
of the legislative assembly of the province, and his exertions 
in the cause of freedom were manifest and open. His actions 
and words breathed that same spirit of independence which 
characterized the declarations of the town on several occa- 
sions, and in the formation of which he so largely contributed. 

In his private character, Dr. Wadsworth was eccentric, and 

the manner of his life was characteristic and amusing. In 

his speech he was rapid and witty. He was a man of strong 

passions and prejudices, and when excited was as invincible 



by remonstrance as he was immovable in his opinions. It is 
related of him that when a mere boy, he once accompanied 
his father, Dea. Wadsworth, on a trip to Boston by water. 
On the passage he discoursed considerable with his father on 
logic, and fmally his conversation tended to the point " that it 
was best for ns in this world to let all things take their own 
course." Shortly afterwards the vessel was accidentally set 
on fire in the cabin, and John immediately went to work with 
all haste to extinguish it. "Ah, John!" said his father, 
"stop! It is best'to let all things in this world have their 
own course." "True," replied John, "if you can't help it." 
His father, who was a very pious deacon, confessed that he 
had seen one instance, where terrible langnage did good. 
The Doctor, being with him bound out of Boston harbor in a 
sloop, they run afoul a British frigate. They made no effort 
to clear him until the Doctor opened npon them a battery of 
profaneness so tremendous, that they stood aghast and soon 
pushed him clear. They Avere about to cut his jib stays, but 
forbore in awe of him. The Doctor was remarkable for the 
neatness of his farm, and the fine order in which he kept his 
fences. It so happened that his next neighbor's fences were 
continually out of repair. Meeting with her one morning he 
assailed her with his volcanic battery. Being members of 
the same church she applied to JMr. Turner for redress, \vho 
called upon the Doctor on the next day, and in vain tried to 
expostulate. He listened for some time; but at last inter- 
rupted and said, "Parson, it's of no use, it isn't, that woman 
wont keep her fences in repair. I wish her ribs were a grid- 
iron to roast her soul upon!" "Good morning. Doctor," 
said Mr. Turner and left him. 

Dr. Wadsworth prided himself much on possessing the art 
of prophecy, and was frequently consulted by the credulous 
concerning stolen property, absent friends, and coming events. 
It is still r(>[)ortcd that he conjured with wonderful accuracy, 
and individual instances are often related. He always denied 
that his power was superhuman; but aflirmed that it was 
capable of being learned and as simple as any operation in 
arithmetic, and that all errors in his foretelling were occa- 
sioned by mistakes in his calculations. 

As a physician. Dr. AVadsworth was self taught, and of 
considerable eminence in his profession. He was a man of 
energy and activity, and retained his physical powers until 
late in life. His talents were by no means disputable. He 
died in 1799, at the advanced age of 92 years. 


His son John Wadsworth, a gentleman of excellent talents, 
having completed a collegiate course, graduated at H. C. in 
1762, and was considered a good scholar. He was engased 
in Dnxbury during a few following years as an instructor 
of youth, and as a teacher he was surpassed by few. He 
had a taste for metaphysical and logical discussions, and gave 
much of his time to the study of treaties on those subjects. 
He had a discriminating mind, and was indeed thouglit by 
some of his friends to be unprofitably critical in the distinc- 
tions he nrgcd or proposed. He intended to have been a 
lawyer; but was however chosen a tutor in Harvard Univer- 
sity in 1770, and had the reputation of an able logician, and 
his superior power in metaphysical discussions was universally 
acknowledged.* This office he held during his life and was 
from 1774, as he was the eldest tutor, ex officio a member of 
the corporation. He was distinguished more for fine talents, 
than for extensive erudition. No tutor was ever better 
adapted for the branch of instruction which fell to his 
share. As an acute logician, he made accurate distinctions, 
was fluent in speech and copious in ideas. He could make 
the worse appear the better reason, which from love of dispu- 
tation he frequently did; or defend truth in the most lively 
and ingenuous manner. He was as fond of politics. 

He was in Duxbury at the time of the first difficulties with 
England, and strongly favored the loyalists. This was how- 
ever not much to the surprise of his friends, who clearly 
imderstood the motives which actuated him in the preference 
he had given. It was in fact no other than a love of argu- 
ment which moved him. All others around him Avere 
urgently favoring the opposite side, and he gloried in the 
prospects of discussions and bandied disputations. With Mr. 
Turner he had been previously on terms of great intimacy, 
and used frequently to accompany him in his walks. Turner, 
who was an ardent whig, now took his walk unaccompanied. 
A friend one day meeting him asked him the reason. " Why," 

* In the various branches of science lie was also a close student, and to 
the subject of electricity he was particularly partial. It is said of him that 
soon after Dr. Franklin had made his discoveries, and declared them, he 
undertook to construct an electric machine. His father, the Doctor, who 
was rather incredulous, laughed at him considerably and spurned the idea. 
John nut in the least daunted still continued his work, and finally finished 
it. Having satisfied himself of the efiicacy of the instrument, he deter- 
mined that the Doctor should suffer for his incredulity. The old gentleman 
consented, still disbelieving, and did as John commanded, who gave him 
so severe a shock as nearly to prostrate him, when rising up in considerable 
heal, he exclaimed, "You rascal you, do you mean to kill your father? " 
He confessed himself convinced, and seldom after dared to be skeptical. — 
Rev. B. K.'s notes. 


replied he, "that John "Wadsworth is a turn-coat, and I'll 
have no more to say to him now." Thus in several instances 
he sacrificed to liis love of argument friendship of years 
standing. At one time during the absence of Mr. Turner 
from town, he thought it would be a good time for him to 
preach, and urged it hard upon Dea. Wadsworth, who abso- 
lutely refused him, knowing him to be a tory, and thinking it 
probable that he wished to give the people a blast from the 

His tory principles would have lost for him the tutorship 
but for the attachment of his pupils and the exertions of his 
friends, who urged in his favor his remarkable faculty of 
connnunicating his ideas, so necessary in an instructor. It 
was likewise suggested that his political errors were more in 
appearance, than reality. His fondness for talking had led 
him to express himself imprudently on some occasions, yet 
it was no more in his heart, than in his power to injure the 
commonwealth. Nevertheless he was retained by a vote of 
only one majority. He fell a victim to the small pox, July 
12th, 1777. He had long before anticipated death by this 
disorder. Having declined inoculation through fear of the 
result, he was much alarmed when he learned that he had 
taken it. He was greatly lamented by the students, for the 
older ones could appreciate his talents and learning, and the 
younger ones regarded him with affection for his mild and 
courteous deportment. " He was a man of eminent talents, 
of clear conceptions, a perspicacious reasoner, fluent in speech, 
and above all mild in the exercise of authority. In the midst 
of his usefulness he was snatched from the University by a 
fatal disease. The bosoms of the students were filled with 
consternation. ' What honors shall we pay to the memory of 
so beloved a tutor'?' They address the government of the 
College, — 'Do not by appointing one of your own body, 
deprive us of the melancholy pleasure of pronouncing his 
panegyric. Let one of our number be the organ of the rest 
and speak the grateful sentiments of our hearts.' The request 
was granted, and Mr. Minot was selected to deliver the 
funeral oration. With what pathos and eloquence he per- 
formed the duty, his cotemporarics will remember. They 
never can forget his impassioned tones, the deep sorrow which 
clouded his own brow, and the grief which filled the hearts 
of all his hearers." 

Thus says the eulogist of Judge Minot, in speaking of the 
character of Mr. Wadsworth, in its influences upon him as 
his pupil. 

In 1808, there was erected in the old burying ground at 
Cambridge, a monimient to his memory " by a few contem- 
])orary friends, who loved and honored his character, and 


several pupils who enjoyed at the University the benefit of 
his instruction." It bears the following epitaph. 

Huic tumulo mandantur exuviae 

Duxburgice nati 

Collegii Harvardini Alumni, 


Septem per annos 

fideliter utilissimeque 

Tutoris officium preestitit 

et raodo aptissimo, facillimo, gratissimoque 

optimis praecepiis ac institutis 

Juvenum animos imbuit 

moresque ipsorutn amice ac sedulo curavit. 

Hujus temporis tres per annos et ultra 

Senatus Academici Socii munera perite explevit. 

Ingenio sagaci et acutissimo 

Literis Scientiit^que penitus instructo, 

etiam facilitate mira Sententias impertiendi, 

Omnium observantiam sese attraxii. 

Amicitia ingenua atque constanti, 

et consuetudinis suavitate facetiisque, 

Amor ac delieiae fuit amicorum. 

Inter alias virtutes 

Pietas erga Parentes et alTectio Fraterna 

praecipue fuerunt insignes. 

Viri tam boni ac utilis omnibusque carl, 

in ^tatem senectam spes vitam produxerat. 

Ah spes inanis ! 

Variolis (illo generi humani flagello) correptus, 

Animam efflavit 

Die Julii 12mo Anno Salutis MDCCLXXVII 

^tatisque sua; XXXVII. 

Dea. Peleg Wadswoeth was a brotlier of the Doctor, 
though quite a different man ; yet was also a great wit. In 
his language his style was characteristically quaint and fanci- 
ful, often indulging in expressions which struck the stranger's 
ear not only as singular, but also as wonderfully significant. 
At the time when the modern innovation of singing the psalm 
in church, without first reading it line by line, began to be 
established, many were opposed to it, and were strongly in 
favor of continuing in the old method. Some, it is said, even 
left the church, shocked at the idea of the impending extinc- 
tion of that time-honored practice. One individual, in partic- 


Tilar, frequently went out. This same person shortly after 
havuig purchased of the Deacon a barrel of cider, which had 
begun to work, was assisted by him in placing it upon his 
wagon, and was about leaving, when the deacon called out to 
him, in a tone of admonition, " Have a care, liave a care, 
neighbor Delano, this cider may sing before you get home, 
without reading." The cut was irresistible, and Mr. Delano 
henceforth gave up his prejudices. 

Gen. Peleg "Wadsworth was a son of Dea. Peleg "Wads- 
worth. He graduated at Harvard College in 1769. and it 
was the intention of his father that he should be educated in 
the ministry. However, he unknown to him opened a private 
school in Plymoutli. At the same time Gen. Alexander 
Scammel, famous in the Revolutionary annals, was likewise 
teaching there. They had been very intimate friends through- 
out tlieir college course. Gen. W. afterwards kept a store in 
Duxbury, and soon after removed it to Kingston. In 1775 
when minute coni panics were formed and manual exercise 
arrested general attention, he devoted much of his time in the 
instruction of young men in the use of firearms, and instilling 
into the minds of youth a true sense and value of Liberty 
and Freedom. He had at this time the command of a com- 
pany of minute men in Kingston ; and immediately after the 
battle of Lexington, joined Col. Cotton's regiment. In Sep- 
tember he joined the arrny at Roxbury, and was employed 
as an engineer; but afterwards as Gen. Ward's aid-de-camp. 
In 1776 he was appointed Captain in Col. Bailey's regiment. 
In 1777 he received the appointment from tlie State, of 
Brigadier General, and had command over the whole district 
of Maine. In the spring of 1778, while he wus in Boston, 
General Lovell was appointed to command an expedition 
against the possessions of the British on the Penobscot; and 
Gen. VV. was chosen second in conmiand. Capt. Saltonstall 
was charged with a fleet to cooperate with them. They 
landed and made an attack; but failed of complete success. 
At this time Samuel Alden of Duxbury was mortally wound- 
ed. A British fleet now hove in sight, and their ships were 
run up the river, and set on fire; and soon after they marched 
off their men tlirough the forests. Gen. W., in 1780, had the 
command of a detachment of State troops at Camden, Me., 
and here he was assaulted and capiured by a host of the 
enemy, and in the affair was wounded in the arm. He was 
at first treated with great humanity; but soon confined in 
prison, to await his removal to England to be tried as a rebel 
of ronftcf/i/eucn. He however escaped from his confinement. 
After the war he was a very successful merchant in Portland, 
and built the splendid uuuision, since occu])i<d by his son-in- 


law, Stephen Longfellow, Esq. He took as pay for his 
services from the State 7000 acres of land on the Saco river, 
which was then valued at the rate of 121 cents per acre. He 
afterwards removed and settled on this tract, and was consid- 
ered the patriarch of the settlement. Here he built him a 
house, and passed his old age, and died in 1829, aged 80. 
He was for eight years, while he resided in Portland, a 
member of Congress. Gen. W. was very energetic in his 
natnre, and quick and rapid in his motions, and of restless 
activity. Mr. Ward of Boston, who was fellow aid-de-camp 
with him in Roxbnry, used to say of him, "It makes no 
difference what yon do with Peleg VVadsworth. If he were 
a porter, he wonld have the office respectable."* 

His son Alexander Scabimel Wadsworth, was second 
lieutenant on board the Constitution, when she captured 
the Guerriere. The citizens of Portland, his native place, 
in testimony of their high sense of the brave and im))ortant 
part he acted on that memorable occasion^ presented him 
with an elegant sword, decorated with appropriate devices. 
Alderi's epitaphs. Another son, Henry Wadsworth, became a 
lieutenant in the navy, and fought under Com. Preble at the 
seige of Tripoli. He was one of that devoted band of thir- 
teen, who conducted the attack, and, says Com. Preble, 
"determined rather to suffer death and the destruction of 
the enemy, than captivity and torturing slavery." And by 
the resolves of Congress he was esteemed "an honor to his 
country and an example to all excellent youth." He was 
buried at Portland, and his monument bears this inscription: 
In memory of Henry Wadsworth, Lieutenant in the United 
States Navy, who fell before the walls of Tripoli on the 
evening of the 4th of September, 1804, in the 20th year of 
his age, by the explosion of a fire ship which he with others 
gallantly conducted against the enemy. 

My country calls, 
This world adieu, 
I have one life, 
This life I give tor you. — AlderCs Epi. 

* Hist. Plymouth, Dvvight's Travels, Thacher's Military Journal, and B. 
Kent's notes. 



178S. The town chose Geo. Partridge delegate to the Con- 
vention to be holden at Boston on the second Wednesday in 

179.5. At a meeting, called to consider the question of re- 
vising the Constitution, it was decided that it was not expe- 
dient, all the votes (47) being against it. 

1808. The Enibarcro Act of Congress fell upon the inhab- 
itants of this town like a thunderbolt. They were solely 
dependent on the sea for support, and the interruption of their 
business, occasioned by the enforcement of this act, soon 
brought them to a deplorable situation. Assembled in town 
meeting, they resolved to petition, and accordingly a memorial 
was sent to the President, dated Sept. 5th, 1808. Therein 
they stated, that they were chiefly dependent on the sea for 
support; and the sterility of their soil was such, that means 
for tlieir subsistence could not be raised. That the fishermen, 
who could before but hardly support their families, were now 
wholly dependent on the lish caught previously, which still 
remained unsold, and that they had no means to support their 
households. That there was a large quantity of fish in the 
town, which must perish if liberty is not given to export them. 
They represented their inability to enter into manufactures, 
and want of skilful men to instruct them, and of money to 
purchase materials, and of buildings necessary for carrying it 
on, and their reluctance to have their sons and daughters en- 
gage in that unhealthy employment, and be reduced to the 
state of that class in the old country. They granted, that 
without doubt the legislators thought it for the good and hap- 
piness of the country; but the embargo, when not felt in Eu- 
rope, brought injury and ruin upon themselves. They also 
thought, that as large an armed force would be required to 
prevent the citizens from exporting their perishing commodi- 
ties, as would serve to protect their commerce against any 
foreign power; that merchants and seamen, heretofore exem- 
plary, would acquire habits of evading the laws and cheating 
the revenues of the country; that the prostration of our com- 
merce would afford other nations the opportunity of building 
up nourishing trades, and tiu'u its channels into new kingdoms, 
which it miglit be impossible to prevent. To this President 
Jelferson returned an answer, stating, that the embargo could 
not be raised, consistent with the good of the country, until a 
repeal of the obnoxious edicts of Europe. 

At one time fears were entertained by the authorities of the 


custom-house at Plymouth, that an attempt would be made to 
run the embargo, on the part of some vessels in Duxbury ; and. 
accordingly an armed sloop was stationed in the bay to pre- 
vent any violation of the Government orders. Nevertheless, 
taking advantage of a thick and foggy night, a schooner, laden 
with fish, and belonging to Mr. Samuel A. Frazar, succeeded 
in an attempt to escape, and on the next morning was not to 
be seen. She was commanded by Capt. Asa Hewitt, and it is 
supposed went to the West Indies, where she was disposed of. 

1812. War with Great Britain. As New England was 
distant from the principal scenes of the v/ar, her towns suffer- 
ed not much from the immediate incursions of the enemy, — 
their sufferings being chiefly occasioned by the interruption of 
business and the scarcity of foreign commodities. Her fish- 
ermen suffered most from the numerous disguised vessels of 
the enemy, which often cruised along her coasts. 

Most of the townsmen, as were a majority of the State, were 
decidedly opposed to the war and the measures of the admin- 
istration, and favored the principles of the Federal party. 
Soon after the declaration of war by the Government (June 
ISth), the friends of peace in this county determined to hold a 
meeting for deliberation ; and the 29th of July was appointed 
as the day. On the 27th the town assembled, and chose Capt. 
Samuel Loring, Reuben Delano, Ezra Weston, Judah Alden, 
and Capt. Abner Dingley to attend ; and at the same meeting 
this delegation was authorized to circulate a memorial for 
peace, — to obtain as many signers as they could, and to print 
it in the Boston papers. Capt. Loring. at the head of this 
delegation, though now far advanced in years, was a firm 
opposer of the war. Having in his younger days assisted in 
the establishment of that liberty too precious to be hazarded, 
he now looked upon the preparations for war with no feigned 
feeling of regret. Mvijox Alden was also strongly in favor of 
the Federalists, and one of the most influential on their side, 
as were most of the older inhabitants of the town, who had 
seen the victories and defeats of one war, and naturally shun- 
ned another, though, in time of danger from their country's 
foe, they were ever ready to act and fight for their country's 
good. They would oppose the war in the beginning; but 
when once entered upon, it was in accordance with their 
honor and patriotism to repel all hostile aggressions. 

Preparations were afterwards made for the defence of the 
town. Many of the larger vessels in the harbor were drawn 
up the river to prevent their falling into the hands of the ene- 
my. There were at one time two ships, one brig, and six 
schooners here secured. At the entrance of the river t\yo 
small forts were built. For the fortification of these a commit- 


tee of safety was chosen to devise ways and means. Mr. Seth 
Sprague, one of the number, was directed to make apphcation 
to the Board of war, then sitting at Boston, for cannon and 
ammunition. In reply to tiieir appHcations, Ciencral Cobb, a 
member of tlie Board, remarked, that it would be idle to listen 
to it ; for, he alleged, the inhabitants would not know how 
to use cannon and ammunition if they had them. Governor 
Brooks thought differently, and inliuenced the Board to com- 
ply ; and accordingly a quantity of powder and balls, and two 
field pieces were granted.* Three other field pieces were pro- 
vided by the custom-house at Plymouth, and others were pro- 
cured by the inhabitants.! The upper fort mounted three six- 
pounders, and the lower two twelve-pounders. Cannon were 
also placed at other places along the shore, where it was ex- 
pected the enemy might land. There were two on the wharf 
of Mr. Sampson, and one near Mr. Lot Hunt's. These were 
manned in the night-time by a company of Sea-Pencible.s, 
formed among the inhabitants for the defence of the coast, 
consisting of between thirty and forty men. They were com- 
manded by Capt. Gershom Bradford. Thomas Winsor was 
first lieutenant, Capt. Thomas Herrick the second, and \Vm. 
Sampson, clerk. There was a company of militia stationed 
at the barracks, amounting to nearly ninety men, from the 
neighboring towns, and commanded by Capt. John Aldcn. 

The entrance to the harbor was guarded by the fort at the 
Gurnet, which mounted six or eight cannon, some of them 
forty-two pounders, and was manned by a detachment of Slate 
troops, consisting of about thirty men, under the command of 
Capt. Pope of Salem, and afterwards of Lt. Simmons of Scitu- 
ate. Alarm-boats constantly plied in time of danger between 
Plymouth beach and Saquish. One was furnished by Ply- 
mouth, and another by Duxbury. This was manned by the 
roio-giiard, wiio served six at a time, under the connnand of 
Capt. Zenas Winsor. Instructions were given them to fire a 
gun on the approach of any of the enemy's barges, which was 
to be answered by the cannon at the batteries and along the 
shore, and a liglited tar-barrel at Captain's Hill, and similar 
demonstrations in Plymouth and Ivingston. 

Notwithstanding their vigorous preparations for tlie defence 
of the town, it was proposed by some members of the. Com- 
mittee of safety, while they were making out an official report, 
to recommend that a messenger be sent to the British ships 

* Soulc's Sprague Memorial. 

f I'lie owners of the sliippinjr, Messrs. Reul)cn and Charles Drew, Na- 
thaniel and Joshua Winsor, Ezra Weston, .lob and Levi Sampson, at an 
expense of ^110, purchased two nine-pounders, and also two casks of 
powder, containing each one hundred weight. 


cruising between the capes, with the assurance of the neutral- 
ity of the inhabitants. These measures were favored by the 
majority, and the vote was about to be taken, when Mr. Seth 
Sprague, one of the number, arose, and most strenuously op- 
posed it; stating that it was cowardly and treasonable, and 
inconsistent with their previous means of defence ; but still the 
motion prevailed, and the report was made to the inhabitants 
legally assembled. Before this town meeting Mr. Sprague 
again protested, but yet the report was accepted. However, 
at a later stage of the meeting, Capt. John Alden, in a few 
remarks, so influenced the meeting, that the vote v/as recon- 
sidered and the motion rejected. But still a message of this 
kind was sent by some persons, though unauthorized and 
unknown to the greater part of the inhabitants, to the com- 
mander of the British ship, as the reply of the latter is still 

" His Britannic Majesty's Ship Lcander, } 
10th August, 1S14. ^ 

" To the Selectmen and the Committee of Safety } 
of the Town of Duxbury : ^ 

Gentlemen : I am to acknowledge your letter of the 9th 
instant. I can easily understand the motives which have in- 
duced your addressing me; and, much as I deplore this war, 
and deeply as I feel for the distresses of innocent individuals, 
a sense of public duty will always compel me to follow up the 
utmost extent of my instructions. But in the belief that your 
town has neither the means nor intention of carrying on otFen- 
sive war, I shall, as far as lies in my power, endeavor to 
respect it accordingly. The schooner you require, [i. e. the 
Despatch, see following,] shall therefore be returned as soon 
as opportunity permits, and that [as soon as] I have obtained 
the sanction of Captain Ragget, which I shall urge by every 
honest means in my power. But I must again remark, in 
addition to the observations contained in a letter to the magis- 
trates of Plymouth, which you allude to, that nothing but 
neutrality the most perfect will induce me either to respect 
your fishing craft, or the town itself It is not in the charac- 
ter of Englishmen to act harshly towards tlie unofiending, — 
though in a state of war, — unless provoked to a system of 
retaliation. And thus far (thougli not authorized) I am sure 
I only speak the sentimenis of my superior officers. Be there- 
fore tranquil ! carry on war only to defend your homes, and 
do not permit your fishermen to assist directly or indirectly, — 
as any deviation will be marked some day or other ! 

The fishermen who took possession of the Rover did wrong ; 
but not more so than those who towed in the barge sunk off 
the battery near Plymouth. Had they left her to her fate, no 


mischief would have perhaps ever threatened the fishermen of 
Plymouth ; but, as it is, until that barge is returned, it must 
be supposed that the fishermen of Plymouth are authorized by 
their (iovernment to intrigue in war. 

I have the lionor to be, Gentlemen, 

Your most Obedient Servant, 

George R. Collier, 
Captain H. B. M. S. Leander. 

" P. S. — As there are some American armed boats disguis- 
ed as fisharmeii, is is necessary that every fishing boat should 
be examined ; and unless they bring to when fired at, they 
will be punished accordingly." 

[The allusion to the Rover and the barge will be explained 
in the sequel, pp. 166-7. — Spi'ague Memorial.^ 

Gen. Dearborn, of Boston, was immediately informed of 
this, and orders were despatched to the fort at the Gurnet to 
allow no boat of the enemy to pass that point, if it could te 
prevented. Shortly after, a boat from the British vessel ap- 
peared with a white flag, and the officer desired permission to 
visit the town. He was told to make his communication, if 
he had any, to the commander of the fort; and if he proceed- 
ed further he would be fired upon; when, taking the hint, he 
quietly returned to the ship. 

During 1814, there were three of the enemy's ships cruising 
between the capes. They were, the flag-ship Spencer ; the 
La Hogue, Capt. Ragget, and the Leander, Capt. Collier. 
These were a source of great annoyance to tlie various fishing 
and other small craft of the bay, and especially to boats run- 
ning along the shore with commodities from New York, which 
had been transported across the isthmus, as it was imsafe to 
proceed around the cape, owing to the enemy's vessels. They 
were also in constant danger of capture by the many boats 
and barges of the English, many of whicli were disguised 
crafts taken from tlie Americans. At times, one or more of 
the British frigates were seen off' Duxbury beach, and their 
presence was the cause of greater vigilance on the part of the 
iniiabilants, who feared an attack from the numerotis barges 
of the enemy, who would attempt to burn their shipping. 

This year the town records, which heretofore iiave been 
destitute of every thiiig relating to the war, show that the 
town voted (June 13th), that the committee of safety appoint 
sentinels and posts of alarm. In the autumn (Oct. 8th) they 
determined that if the exempt mihtia form themselves into a 
company, those who are iniable to furnish themselves, be 
provided from the equipments in the town's possession. The 
rnilitia were to be furnished with provisions, if called out of 


town on camp duty. They also agreed to continue prepara- 
tions for defence.* 

Though no indication was made on the part of tlie enemy 
of attacking the town ; yet an incident occurred from which 
we may judge that they would not quietly have submitted to 
the invasion of their soil and the devastation of their proper- 
ty. One clear moonlight evening it was agreed upon among 
the members of the roiv guard to execute a scheme for testing 
the courage of the people. They accordingly gave the usual 
signal for the approach of the enemy, which was immedi- 
ately answered, as they had expected, when they returned 
with all haste to the town. The report spread like electricity 
from house to house, the forts were instantly manned, all 
assumed the attitude of defence, and their cannon pointed in 
the direction of the looked for enemy. The militia were 
paraded on the hill by the barracks, and countermarclied in 
the streets. A body of about thirty men with Captain Seth 
Sprague at their head, were despatched to reconnoitre the 
shores, and sentries were immediately stationed at the posts. 
The inhabitants of tlie neighboring towns came pouring in to 
tlieir assistance; while tlie women and children were con- 
veyed to places of security. A few minutes of silence 
prevailed, all were endeavoring to espy the awaited foe, but 
the clear beams of the moon as they fell on the smooth and 
unruffled surface of the harbor, and the glowing light of the 
beacon towering to the sky, disclosed to their extended visions 
naught but the silent waves, untouched by hostile keels ! f 

In the summer of this year (July 23d, 1814,) while two of 
the enemy's barges were chasing a small boat, loaded with 
Hour and bound for Boston, the American ran under the guns 
of the Gurnet fort, where the men landed. At this time the 
barges were fired upon by the fort, and the second shot, aimed 
by the commander himself, though at a distance of nearly 

* Mar. 11, 1816. Voted to make up the first detachment of soldiers' 
pay, including State's pay, $ 14 per month. — Town Rec. 

\ This trick of the guard was suspected by some on the same night, 
though it has never yet been fairly acknowledged. The officers of the two 
companies of militia at this time were of the South — John Alden, Capt. ; 
Prince Bradford, First Lt. ; and Martin Sampson, Second Lt. : of the 
North — John Partridge, Capt.; Eleazer Harlow, First Lt. ; and Daniel 
Weston, Second Lt. These belonged to the coast division of Gen. Wm. 
Gooding, consisting of four brigades. 

The previous officers of the militia companies since the Revolution, had 
been — of the first (after Capt. S. Loring,) Capt. Samuel Delano, and Lt's 
Joshua Brewster and Eliphalet Waterman ; Capt. Seth Sprague was the 
next commanding officer, who was succeeded by Capt. Alden, whose 
officers at first were Lt. Wm. Freeman and Lt. James Weston — of the 
second, (after Capt. Baker,) were Captains Nathan Sampson, Ichabod 
Sampson, Abner Dingley, and John Partridge, as above. 


three miles, struck one of them, wounding some of the men. 
The boat immediately filled, and the crew were taken up by 
the other barge, which then returned to the ship then lying 
off the beach. A small English flag, which ihey recovered 
from the sunken barge, was afterwards displayed at the fort 
in token of victory. In revenge for this Capt. Epworth of the 
Nymphe frigate burnt and sunk a Plymouth schooner of 25 
tons. An inhabitant of Duxbury, having occasion a short 
time afterwards to visit the enemy's frigate l-a Hogue, Capt. 
Ragget, while speaking of this affair, the Captain praised in 
high terms the courage and skill of the troops at the battery, 
and did not blame their firing; but coming to the fact that 
one or more shots were fired after the men were in the water, 
he gave vent to his rage in a characteristic manner, accom- 
panied by no ordinary imprecations, threatening vengeance 
upon them. However the Englishman's threats were never 

Tlie following are some of the fishing and other crafts, 
belonging to Duxbury, which were captured by the enemy 
during the war. — The schooner Chenib, owned by Joshua 
Winsor, and manned by John Winsor, George Winsor, (son 
of Joshua,) and James Chandler, who were taken by the 
La Hogue. — The schooner Ospra, owned by Ahira Wads- 
worth, was captured by the Iicander, and her crew, (Stephen 
Churchill, James Woodward and a small boy) were retained 
for a short time as prisoners. — The sloop Lady Jane, owned 
by Perez H. Sampson, James Soule and Richard Sonle, was 
sailing in the bay on a pleasure excursion, with a party, 
when an enemy's barge suddenly appeared and gave chase. 
The sloop was run aground on Plymouth flats, and the com- 
pany escaped. The barge coming up endeavored to float 
her ; but seeing the beach thronging with men, they retreated. 

* An eye witness to the scene testifies, that a third shot was fired ; but 
at the other barge which came to rescue the men of tlie first. Soon alter 
the sails, water casks, &c. of the barge were picked up by the schooner 
Despatch of Duxbury, and carried into port. The barge was raised and 
towed into Plymouth on the afternoon of the same day. These affairs 
were the cause of a special deputation to the authorities at Plymouth on the 
part of the English commander, who sent a barge wiih a white flag to the 
town. The oflicer had an interview with Gen. Gooding, who agreed to 
return the barge, which gave ample satisfaction to the officer, whom tiiey 
dismissed, having filled his barge witii a large quantity of fresh provisions. 
When returning from Plymouth, they were met by a boat iiaving on board 
Mr. David Turner and others of Duxbury, who held a short conversation 
with the British officer, who showed much feeling in regard to the outra- 
geous conduct, as he alleged, of the commander of the fort, expressing 
himself in strong terms, and declaring that he should be delivered to the 
exasperated fury of bis men, should he he taken at any lime. The officer 
of the fort, when informed of this shortly after, replied with perfect cool- 
ness, that " he would be a hard one to catch." 


— The schooner Des])atch^ owned by Nathaniel "Winsor, Jr., 
Eliphalet Waterman and David Turner, and manned by 
Samuel Hunt, Noah Simmons, Joseph Prior and George 
Winsor (son of James,) sailed from Diixbury about the 1.5th 
of July, 1S14, and was captured at night on the following 
day by a barge from the I.eander, and the prize sloop Rover, 
from the La Hogue, sailing in company. A transfer of their 
crews was made, those of the Despatch being placed in 
charge of the Rover, and ordered to follow the former. This 
theydid for some time, using drags however to impede her 
progress; but night coming on, they ventured to make their 
escape, and putting about for the Gurnet, they reached the 
harbor in safety, and the Rover was aftervv^ards claimed by 
her rightful owners. The Despatch was then recovered by a 
series of cunning devices on the part of a single individual. 
After her capture, as above, she continued to cruise in the bay, 
and when near the Gurnet took a boat which was manned by 
Captains Matthew H. Mayo and Winslow L. Knowles,* whom 
they conveyed on board the flag ship Spencer, where they 
were kept three days, when they made an offer of .$300 to 
ransom themselves and boat. Knowles was permitted to go 
to Boston, where he was advised by his friends and a certain 
naval officer to give up the scheme. After seven days Mayo 
was placed on board the Despatch as pilot, with three British 
officers and twenty men, with a brass four-pounder and other 
warlike implements. They were ordered to cruise in the 
bay; but after two days they experienced a severe north- 
wester, and were advised by Mayo to make a harbor under 
Billingsgate point. To make the schooner sail faster a 
portion of the ballast was thrown overboard, and Mayo 
hinted that it would be well to throw over more to make 
comfortable sleeping quarters. Being thus lightened, the 
schooner, as Mayo had expected, would not bear a sufficient 
press of canvass to reach the proposed harbor. Afterwards 
when ordered to anchor, he took occasion, Avhile letting the 
anchor go, and just as the cook had called all hands below 
for dinner, to cut the cable nearly off with his knife. This 

* These men belonged to Eastham, and had been to Boston with a load 
of rye, and having sold their cargo, and purchased articles for their own 
and other families, and exchanged their boat for a larger one were now 
returning home. The Despatch lie at anchor and apparently fishing and 
showing five men on deck. Suddenly a cannon was fired and the shot 
struck within fifty feet of the boat; but keeping on their course another 
•was fired, which skipped over them, when they hove to, and were boarded 
and taken as in the text. Previously, however, IMayo had secretly thrown 
overboard his valuable spyglass to prevent its falling into the enemy's 
hands. Rev. Enoch Pratt's Hist, of Eastham, Orleans and We/Jieet, 1845, 
from which the facts of the text are derived, as also from Soule's Sprague 


done, lie followed the rest to the repast. In a few moments 
the schooner was observed to be rolhng and tossing about, 
and some of the crew rushing on deck cried out, " She's 
adrift ! " Mayo pretended to be much alarmed and exclaimed 
" Pay out ! " But it proved in vain, for the anchor itself was 
gone. He then hauled in the cable, carefully rubbing the 
end, that no mark of a knife might be seen. He next advised 
them to make a harbor to tlie leeward ten miles distant. The 
place selected was about three-fourths of a mile from his own 
door at Eastham, where he ran her ashore on the flats. The 
officers now began to suspect him; but he only assured them 
that (hey were on the outer bar and would soon beat over, 
and advised the men to go below that they might not be 
suspected by the people on the shore, who were fast gather- 
ing; and giving them a gimlet they tapped a cask of New 
England rum and soon became intoxicated. As the tide 
ebbed the schooner heeled, when the officers finding them- 
selves deceived, ordered their men on deck for resistance; 
when Mayo, throwing overboard the arms on deck, threat- 
ened to shoot any who should attempt his life. He had 
previously picked the lock of the first officer's writing desk, 
and secured a brace of brass pistols and secreted them under 
his jacket. Going on shore the authorities were notified of 
his circumstances, and the militia ordered out, and they took 
possession of the vessel and men, who were marched to Mr. 
Thomas Crosby's tavern, and placed under guard for the 
night : but they were removed on the next morning to a barn, 
and then permitted to escape to the ship. 'I'he commander of 
the station demanded of Eastham the sum of ,§12(J0 in specie, 
and if not paid in twenty-four hours, he threatened to destroy 
the town, which was then paid. The owners of the schooner 
afterwards obtained her of the Government officer, who 
claimed her for the United States.* — The schooner Thomas 
llardij^ belonging to Mr. S. A. Frazar, was captured in the 
early part of the war, and her crew were soon released. — 
A small boat, the Liberty, owned and commanded by Capt. 
Joshua Brewster, was taken by the Leander, and soon after 
Capt. Brewster was allowed to return in his own boat, under 
pretence of obtaining a ransom, and thus elfected his escape. 
— A sloop called the C/irhtopker Cohanbus, owned by Joshua 
Winsor, and commanded by Capt. John Winsor, while near 
the shore of Scituate, discovered an enemy's barge in full 
pursuit of them, from the harbor of Scituate, where they had 
been to fire the shipping. They then abandoned the sloop in 

* The Despat(j^, as wore other of the enemy's prizes, was often seen ofT 
the Gurnet la (Ji.sjruiso, wiili chairs hanginij over lier quarter, as if trans- 
porting merchandize along the coast. 


a boat and made for the shore, when the British boarded her, 
and having fired her in her cabin, left her. The crew now 
again took possession and having extingnished the fire, pro- 
ceeded on their cruise. — The schooner AJarla, owned by 
Nathaniel Winsor, Sen., and under the command of Capt. 
Joseph Fish of Duxbury, was taken, and carried into Hali- 
fax, and the crew afterwards returned home safe. Capt. 
Fish afterward performed three voyages in privateer David 
Porter, a large schooner of two hundred and six tons, and 
mounting eight guns, with one long 24-pounder. These of 
Duxbury also accompanied him in different cruises, — Capt. 
Charles Souie, prize master and boarding ofiicer; Capt. Geo. 
Soule, prize master; Asa Weston, prize master and quarter 
master; Capt. Otis Baker; Nathaniel Holmes; Eden Wads- 
worth, and a brother of Capt. Fish. The David Porter was 
a fine sailing vessel, and owned in Boston. On the second 
cruise, proceeding from Fairhaven in the month of August, 
1813, they soon fell in with, and captured, an English brig, 
and on the next day, they took a valuable prize, a large 
English ship, laden with hides and tallow; and soon after a 
British brig, with an American captain, and first oificer, 
bound for Halifax, from Liverpool, having on board the 
rigging and anchors for a frigate building on the Lakes, and 
mounting herself four guns, which were thrown overboard. 
On the next day, they fell in with the English privateer 
schooner Pictou, and gave chase; but, however, soon perceiv- 
ing that they were gaining upon the enemy, they put about, 
as they were not in a proper state for an engagement, their 
guns being so blocked up with the captured commodities, that 
it would have been almost impossible to have worked them, 
and having accomplished their object in frightening her 
away, they shaped their course in another direction. One 
prize, a schooner which they captured, was afterwards lost 
by the artful designs of two English boys, who were on 
board. Soon after her capture, they transferred the English 
crew, with the exception of these two boys, on board their 
own vessel, and putting on board a prize master with six or 
eight men, they ordered him to make for the nearest port. 
Some wine, which was on board, having been too freely 
indulged in by the officers and crew, watching an opportu- 
nity, when the captain was prostrate upon the deck in an 
intoxicated state, and the remainder of the men, with the 
exception of the man at the helm, were carousing in the fore- 
castle, they suddenly locked them down, and one seizing a 
handspike, threaten'ed the life of the other man if he attempt- 
ed any resistance, while the other bound the captain, hand 
and foot. And thus having taken the vessel, they carried her 
unharmed into Halifax. Capt. Fish after having taken five 


prizes in fifteen days, three of whom arriv^ed safe in port, 
entered the harbor of Boston. Proceeding from this port on 
his third cruise, he shaped his course for the rock of Lisbon, 
and there fell in with and captured an Enghsh brig, bound 
for Trieste, and which was originally an American privateer. 
The English crew were taken out, and Capt. (Jeorge tSoule 
and a prize crew were pat on board, and after a passage of 
seventy days, Capt. Soule made the American continent ;• but 
unfortunately at this time, an English seventy-four hove in 
sight and took them. She was however afterwards recovered 
according to the treaty, for she happened to be re-taken after 
the declaration of peace ; yet tiiis was not accomplished with- 
out considerable expense. From the coast of Portugal, Capt. 
Fish went to South America, and after cruising with little 
^recess for some time, finally returned to New York, after the 
settlement of peace. Capt. Fish was an officer of great 
abilities, and his enterprizes were conducted with prudence 
and skill. He was afterwards lost at sea, and as he never 
was heard of, his vessel probably foundered. 

The receipt of the news of the establishment of peace, 
which arrived late in an evening in February, was the occa- 
sion of much joy on the part of the inhabitants, and early on 
the following morning a salute was fired from the fort; and 
soon after a company of about seventy persons walked to the 
Garnet on the ice, and spending here three or four hours in 
amusement, performing feats of agility and otherwise enter- 
taining themselves, returned in a body. On the next day 
salutes were fired again at the forts, at the Gurnet battery 
and at Plymouth. 





The Church of Duxbury was gathered about 1632, though 
they had not a settled pastor until some years after. Before 
this period, self-preservation dictated the policy which forbade 
the '• erection of cottages remote from prompt protection;" 
and we find the principal settlers of the suburbs of Duxbury 
town-dwellers (of Plymouth) in winter, that "they better 
repair to the worship of God." * 

" In the year 1632, a number of the brethren inhabiting on 
the other side of the bay, at a place since' called Duxborough, 
growing weary of attending the worship of God at such dis- 
tance, asked and were granted a dismission ; and soon after, 
being embodied into a church, tliey procured the Rev. Mr. 
Partridge (a gracious man of great abilities.) to be their pas- 
tor." Thus Duxbury appears to have been the second 
church in Plymouth colony. Previous to the settlement of 
their pastor, Elder Brewster, of the Plymouth church, who 
resided in Duxbury. assisted in the services. 

Rev. Ralph Partridge was the first minister, who was set- 
tled over the church in Duxbury in 1637. He had previously 
been a clergyman of the church of England, and had arrived 
at Boston on the 17th of November, 1636. The vessel in 
which he came had had a very boisterous passage, and was 
short of provisions. 

* Their removal to Plymouth in the autumn was not required, however, 
a year or two after. Still, great precautions were necessary to insure their 
perfect security from the depredations of the savages ; and in 1634, we find 
that in the south-eastern part of the town, where Standish, Brewster, 
Pabodie, and others resided, a palisade was ordered to be erected beyond 
Eagle-nest creek. Among other considerations which prompted its erec- 
tion, doubtless was the defence whicli it would afford their cattle, and pre- 
serve them from the depredations of the Indians, to which they were greatly 
exposed. Their stocks were now considerably increased, and even as early 
as 1632, the Court had deemed it necessary to require that they should be 
confined in fenced pastures, and in 1638, it was considered desirable that an 
annual fair should be held at Duxbury, for the improvement of their cattle, 
and for the show of various commodities. 


He soon came to Duxbury, at the invitation of the church, 
and was admitted a freeman on the 6th of March, 1637-S. 
In the same year he received a grant of forty acres to the 
southeast of iN'ortli Hill, and also about this time bought land 
of William Basset and Francis Sprague in the southeastern 
part of the town; and in 1639 bought a house * of William 

It would seem by the following record, in 1637, that the 
character of the settlers which were pourmg into the newly 
established town did not agree in all respects with the feelings 
of the founders. " Upon peticon p''ferred to us by Mr. Partrich 
on behalf of the Church and neighbourhood of that side, 
wherein they shewed the danger of the disolution of their 
church estate, except the Court would bee pleased to consider 
their necessyty, and help them therein. That seeing the 
church of Plymouth now called home their members who held 
much lauds on that side, and they being but few, and the lands 
there were desposed in a great part to servants and other yeong 
men, from whom they could expect little help, they humbly 
requested that such lands, as were yet imgranted betwixt the 
North and South rivers might be reserved for farms to such 
fitt men, as they should approv^e of, and might be litt and help- 
full unto tliem. It was therefore granted unto them by the 

* This was a two-story (rambrel-roofed building, somewliat superior to 
the common habitations of the settlers. On the lower floor was the j)ailor, 
an ordinary room, carpeted however, and furnislied in a manner which 
might be considered luxurious. Here in the centre was a round table ; and 
another, though of less pretensions, was placed against the wall. In the 
fire-place were the andirons and tongs, and against the wall hung a looking 
glass. In the corner was his staff and cane. Here was also kept the silver 
plate, and on the table was placed " his silver beer cup," which was re- 
tained in the family of his daughter Mary, as a family heir-loom. Three 
high chairs, and one wooden one, with two cushions, completed the furni- 
ture of the room. Adjoining this was his study ; in the midst was a small 
table, and a desk, before which was placed a cushioned stool. Two book- 
cases were placed against the wall, one called his Latin case, wherein were 
arranged his library of about four hundred volumes. An old safe stood in 
the corner, and various kinds of personal apparel were scattered around the 
room. Next to this was another but smaller room, and on this floor was 
also the kitchen. In the cellar below were nine beer casks, affording, no 
doubt, abundance of the beverage to his visiting parishioners. In the 
second story was the parlor chamber, furnished with a valanccd bed, and a 
cupboard of drawers, with a cloth upon it. The kitchen chamber had like- 
wise a bed. On each .side of these was a small Icanto ciiamber, having in 
them two beds, and one truckle bed. And above all was the attic. Near 
the house was his orchard, and a cow-house. His stock of cattle was four 
oxen, one bull, seven cows, two yearlings, two calves, two ewes, and two 
swine ; with also six hens and five chickens ; and a cart, plough, &c., con- 
stituted his farming implements. These items are given to show the state 
of the earliest inhabitants in their domestic situation. The above was the 
condition of the estate of Mr. Partridge at his death, as appears from the 
inventory. He died possessed of about l.'iO acres of land. 


Court, that not any of those lands should be granted, hut such 
as these foure, viz., Mr. William Collyer, Mr. Ralph Partrich, 
Jonathan Brewster and Willm. Basset should approve of as 
fitt for their societie." They feared, it seems, the dissolution 
of their church for want of support; the motley throng which 
would assemble there, if left entirely open and free, would not 
be able or willing to contribute to their aid : and they thus 
wished for measures to insure to them a congregation of men, 
which would be a benefit to the town. 

163S. A. Sampson was presented to the Court, "for strik- 
ing and abusing John Washburn the younger in the meeting- 
house on the Lord's day." 

1641. There were eight churches in Plymouth colony, 
eight in Connecticut, and twenty-three or four in Massachu- 
setts Bay. 

16.50. Edward Hunt fined for shooting deer on the Sab- 
bath. Abraham Peirce, for idleness and neglecting public 

1651. Nathaniel Basset and .To: Prior were fined twenty 
shillings each, for disturbing the church; and at the next 
town meeting or training-day each to be bound to a post for 
two hours in some public place, with a paper on their heads, 
with their crime written thereon in capital letters. 

1652. James Lindall, at his death, left to the church one 
cow and one calf. George Russell was fined for not attending 
church at Namasakeeset in the liberties of Duxbury. 

1658. The church suffered a sad bereavement in the death 
of their beloved pastor, which occurred in the present year. 
And here it seems best to follow, the words of Secretary Mor- 
ton, who, in recording his death in his Memorial, thus men- 
tions him : 

" Mr. Ralph Partridge died in a good old Age, having for 
the space of fourty years dispensed the Word of God with very- 
little impediment by sickness. His pious and blameless life 
became very advantageous to his Doctrine; he was much 
honored and loved by all that conversed with him. He was 
of a sound and solid judgement in the main Truths of Jesus 
Christ, and very able in his Disputation to defend them; he 
was very singular in this, that notwithstanding the paucity 
and poverty of his Flock, he continued in his Work amongst 
them to the end of his life. He went to his grave in peace, 
as a Shock of Com fully ripe, and was honorably buried at 

" In whose Remembrance, one who was a true Admirer of 
his worth, presented these at his Funerall : 

" Not Rage, but Age ; not Age, but God's decree, 
Did call rne hence my Saviour Christ to see 


And to embrace, and from his hand receive 

My Crown of Glory : Oh who would not leave 

A flattering World, nay Friends, or what's most dear, 

The Saints' Communion that's enjoyed here, 

At once to have God, Christ, Saints, Angels, all. 

To make compleat, and sum our Joyes totall ? 

Now I behold God's Glory face to face ; 

Now I sit down with Christ, who've run my race ; 

Now I sing praise to God, and to the Lamb ; 

Now I Companion to the Angels am ; 

Now I behold with greatest joy my Sons 

And Daughters all ; I mean Converted ones, 

Which I was instrumental! in my place 

To bring to God, but all of his Free Grace. 

How am I changed ! that of late was weak, 

Above the force of Satan now to break 1 

How am I changed ! Son of Sorrow late, 

But now triumphing in my heavenly state. 

How was I vex'd with pains, with griefs molested ! 

How in a moment am I now Invested 

With Royal Robes, with Crowns, with Diadems, 

With God's Eternal] loves'? Such precious Gems, 

He hath in Store for them his Saints that are ; 

For such indeed he counts his Jewels rare. 

Oh Brethren, Sisters, Neighbours, Country, Friends, 

I'me now above you : Hark to them God sends. 

As yet surviving in their worthy Charge, 

Whose work it is God's Vineyard to enlarge. 

God and my Conscience, your Experience knows. 

Whiles I was with you, I was one of those, 

That labour'd faithfully God's Vineyard in. 

Sowing his Seed, and plucking up of Sin. 

Now is the Harvest to my self indeed ; 

The Lord grant a supply of one to feed 

Your Souls with heavenly food, and one to lead 

In wayes of God, untill his Courts do tread. 

Next to God's love, my Flock, love one another, 

And next to Christ, preserve love to thy brother. 

Let ever precious be in your esteem 

God's holy Word, and such as slight it, deem 

Of Serpents brood : whatever they pretend. 

By no means to such Blasphemies attend. 

Decline all wanderings, lest from all you stray ; 

If stept aside, return in this your day : 

Keep close to God, so he that is Most High 

Shall you preserve as Apple of his Eye, 


And give you peace, on Earth Tranquillity, 
Mansions in Heaven to Eternity ; 
Where we that Death doth for a time now sever, 
Shall meet, Embrace, and shall not part forever. 

" R un is his Race, 
A nd his work done ; 
L eft Earthly place, 
P artridge is gone. 
H e's with the Father and the Son. 

P ure joyes and constant do attend. 
All that so live, such is their End. 
R eturn he shall with Christ agen, 
To Judge both just and Sinful men. 
R ais'd is this Bird of Paradise : 
T oy heaven entred breaks the ice. 
D eath under foot he trodden hath ; 
G race is to Glory Straitest Path, 
Ever En joyes Love free from wrath." 

His ministry was peaceful and happy. No jars served to 
disturb the quiet of the church, and his gentleness of spirit 
and meekness of heart brought upon him the afiection of his 
people, and secured for him that name, which has been hand- 
ed to posterity as a token of holiness. The fanciful Mather 
in his Magnalia in giving the life of Mr. Partridge, thus 
wrote : — 

" When David was driven from his Friends into the Wilder- 
ness he made this Pathetical Representation of his Condition. 
' Twas as when one doth hunt a Partridge in the Mountains.^ 
Among the many worthy persons who were persecuted into 
an American ^V^ilderness for their Fidelity to the Ecclesiastical 
Kingdom of our true David, there was one that bore the 
Name, as well as the State of an hunted Partridge. What 
befel him, was, a Bede saith of what was done by Foelix, 
Juxta nominis sui sacramentum. 

"This was Mr. Ralph Partridge, who for no Fault, but 
the Delicacy of his good Spirit, being distress'd by the Eccle- 
siastical Setters, had no Defence, neither of Beak, nor Claiv, 
but a Flight over the Ocean. 

" Tiie Place where he took covert, was the Colony of Ply- 
Quonth, and the Town of Duxhury in that Colony. 

"This Partridge had not only the Innocence of the Dove, 
conspicuous in his blameless and pious Life, which made him 
very acceptable in his Conversation; but also the Loftiness of 


an Eagle, in the great Soar of his intellectual Abilities, 
There are some Interpreters, who understanding Church 
Officers by the living Creatures, in the Fourth (.'hapter of the 
A/M/ca/i/pse, will have the Teacher to be intended by the 
Eagle there, for his quick Insight into remote and hidden 
things. The Church of Duxhunj had such an Eagle in 
their Partridge, when they enjoy'd such a Teacher.''' 

Mr. Mather then continues to speak of his connection with 
the Cambridge Synod of 1647, at which Mr. Partridge was 
the only delegate from Plymouth Colony, but whether lie 
went at the instance of his church is not known. 

"By the same token, when the Platform of Church Disci- 
pline w^s to be composd, the Sijnod at Cambridge appointed 
three persons to draw up each of them, A Model of Church- 
Government, according to the Word of God, unto the end, 
that out of those, the Synod might form what should be most 
agreeable ; which three persons were Mr. Cotton, and Mr. 
Mather, and Mr. Partridge. So that in the opmion of that 
Reverend Assembly, this person did not come far behind this 
first three, for some of his accomplishments. 

"After he had heen Forty Years a faithful and painful 
Preacher of the Gospel, rarely, if ever, in all that while 
interrupted in his works, by any Bodily Sickness, he dy"d in 
a good Old xVge about the Year 1658." 

In conclusion Mr. Mather presents a striking illustration of 
the character of Mr. Partridge, truly expressive of his lowli- 
ness and humility of spirit. 

" There was one singular instance of a weaned Spirit, 
whereby he signalized himself unto the Churches of God. 
That was this : there was a time when most of the ministers 
in tlie Colony of Plymouth, left the Colony, upon the Dis- 
couragement which the want of a competent maintenance 
among the needy and froward inhabitants gave unto them. 
Nevertheless Mr. Partridge was, notwithstanding the Paucity 
and Poverty of his Congregation, so atlVaid of being any 
thing that look'd like a Bird wandering from his Nest, that 
he remained with his poor People, till he took iving to become 
a Bird of Paradise, along with the winged Seraphim of 
Heaven. Epitaphium. AVOLAVIT ! " 

Mr. Partridge was probably interred in the first burial place 
of the town, which was a knoll in the south eastern part at 
Harden Hill, as it is called. If any stones were ever placed 
here they have since been destroyed by the ravages of time or 
otherwise, as none at the present day exist. Probably, how- 
ever, none were erected, in hopes of concealing Irom the 
Indians their loss by death, and consequent weakness; or in 
the earliest periods the dilliculty of procuring stones from 


England was so great, that few, if any, could have been 
placed here. 

This was probably used as a place of sepulture for about 
sixty years, and here were, doubtless, buried most of tlie 
founders of the town and church. Here, probably, rest the 
remains of Standish, Alden, Collier, Partridge and others, 
whose memory we delight to cherish, but whose graves must 
forever remain unknown. 

We have the most positive evidence that there was a bury- 
ing ground here. Some years ago, while a sloop was building 
in this vicinity, there were found by the workmen, the bones 
of a female and an infant buried together. About the close 
of the last ceniury a small sloop 2;rounded on the marsh near 
by in a severe gale, and a party of workmen proceeded to get 
her off. While here, they discovered in the bank lately 
washed by the sea, the appearance of a coffin, and on closer 
examination tliey perceived the nails, though all were in a 
very decayed state. On the shore beneath there were found 
three skulls and several bones, apparently of the thigh. The 
teeth in one were perfect, and in one there were two. On one 
there was some light sandy hair. The bank liere has washed 
away some twenty feet within fifty years. Some, however, 
incline to the belief that this was an Indian yard, bnt the fact 
that it was near the first church, and other considerations 
infiuence me to believe that it was an English burial place. 
There were fifty or seventy years ago, traditional reports, 
that there was a burying ground a short distance to the West 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and Esq. Sprague, when 
plowing, used always on that account to leave undisturbed 
this portion. Maj. Alden was accnstomed to observe that he 
believed .Tohn Alden, the Pilgrim, was buried here, and that 
this was the first burying ground, and the one at Harden Hill 
clitl' was an Indian one. However, there is no positive 
evidence on this point either way. 

Mr. Partridge preached in a very small building in the 
south eastern part of tlie town, near the water, and tradition 
now marks its site. This building probably stood for about 
70 years, and in it preached the first three pastors of the 
church. It is a matter of mnch regret, that we have not the 
records of the early state of the church, which would no 
doubt throw much light on the subject, and be of peculiar 
interest. Of the first one hundred years of the existence of 
the church, we have no aiuhentic records; and all the infor- 
mation respecting the progress and history of it during this 
period is derived from other and various sources. 

Mr. Partridge's will bears date Sept. 20th, 1655; and was 

proved May 4th, 1658. His wife was Patience ■ , who 

survived hmi. He mentions in the will his daughter EUz- 

178 REV. JOHN HOLMES. [16G1. 

aheth, who married Thomas Thacher,* May 11th, 1643, and 
died June 2d, IGGl. To this daughter he gave all his landed 
property, both in Old and Aew England, and after her 
decease to her second son Ilalph Thacher, who was living on 
the estate in Duxbnry as late as 16S1 : bnt afterwards was 
settled over tlie chnrch at Martha's Vineyard, in 1697. His 
dangliter Mary married John iMarshallf in England. His 
will also names his sister Elizabeth Tidge, and his man 
servant Joseph Prior, and maid servant Anna Rainer. 

Rev. John Holmes succeeded in the ministry. He had a 
peaceful and happy settlement, and was, it would appear, 
respected by his people. As a preacher he was sincere, bnt 
mild and gentle, and though, says tradition, he caused not 
deep impressions, yet lie is said to have been endeared to his 
flock by the meekness and lowliness of his soul. 

1661. Zoelh Howland fined lU shillings for breaking the 

1664. There is a deed, bearing date, Sept. 9th, 1643, con- 
veying to Thomas Bird of Scituate, one half of a fifty acre 

* He was son of Rev. Peter of Old Sarum, Entrland, and was born May 
1st, lfi'20, arrived at Boston, June 4th, 1G35, ordained at Weymouth, Jan. 
2d, 1615, and at Boston was installed first pastor of the Old South Church, 
Feb. 16lh, IfiTO, and died Oct. 16th, 1678, a;t. 58. His children were 
Thomas, died at Boston, April 2d, 1686; Ralph, mentioned in the text; 
and Peter, who was born July I8th, 1651, H. C. 1671, ordained at Milton, 
June 1st, 1681, was married thrice, had nine children, and died 27th Dec, 
1727, ffit. 77 years. Far/ner. He had also a dauohter Patience, who 
married William Kemp of Duxbury. Of the mother of these. Cotton 
Mather says — " She was a person of the most amiable temper, one Pious 
and Prudent, and every way worthy of the man to whom she became a 

f Concerning this marriagfc in the Suffolk deeds, we find the followino^, 
(an abstract.) " Sybil Marshall of Lenham, county of Kent, widow, and 
John Marshall of Lenham, Grocer, sonne and heir apparent of the said 
Sybil Marshall, to Ralph Partrich of Sutton near Dover, county of Kent, 
Clark, & Gervaso Partrich, cittizen and cordwainer of London. In consid- 
eration of a marriasfo between the said John Marshall and Mary Partrich, 
one of the dauiiiters of the said Ralph Partrich. Several parcels of Land 
and Buildini,'s in Rinnarton alias lienardington in the county of Kent, 
England, as a jointure for the said Mary in case she shall survive the said 
John Mirshall. Nov. 2Ulh, 1631. Recorded Jan. Ith, lOGO." Then 
follows, bBaring the samo dates, " John Marshall to Ralph Partrich, X"2()0 
Bond, respecting the marriage described in the above writing." In Mr. R. 
P.'s will he mtiutions Mary's two sons, John and Robert. The latter 
married Mary Barnes in 1060, and had John and Robert (born 15th 
Aug., 1603). 

1675.] REV. JOHN HOLMES. 179 

lot at " Mattacheessita," which was given by Daniel Hicks. 
This afterwards became the property of the church, as 
appears from the following record, and was afterwards deliv- 
ered to Mr. Holmes, as is recorded, July 10th, 1666: "On 
the fourth day of October, 1664, Anthony Uodson, & Ann, 
the wife of Thomas Bird of Scitnate. late deceased, appeared 
in Court and certified that this deed and y^ land therein 
expressed was freely given by the said Thomas Bird unto the 
church of Duxburrow : Pr. me Nathaniel IMorton, Clarke of 
the Court for y^ Jurisdiction of New Plymouth." 

1666. Edward Land, John Cooper & John Simmons were 
fined 10 shillings each. " for prophane and abusive carriages 
each towards other on Lord's day at the meeting house." 

1666. Mr. Samuel Seabury was summoned before the 
Court to answer to the charge, that "bee hath busied him- 
selfe to scandalise and defame the minnestry of Uuxbury." 
He gave the Court no satisfaction, and Avas exhorted and 
reproved, and admonished to desist from such action in future, 
and was then released with the assurance, however, that on 
its repetition, he must expect to be again questioned. 

1667. Nathaniel Soule was brought before the Court for 
abusing Mr. Holmes, " hy many false scandulous and appro- 
buouse speeches," and was sentenced to make a public 
acknowledgment, to pay a fine of £20 and to sit in the stocks 
at the pleasure of the Court, which last was revoked at the 
urgent request of Mr. Holmes. He confessed that he was 
guilty of " wickedly speaking and with a high hand contume- 
liously villifying and scandulizing Mr. John Holmes, and," 
said he, "that this my wickedness in soe speaking of soe 
godly a man is greatly agravated in that it hath a tendency 
to the hiiiderence of the efficacye of that great and honorable 
worke of the preaching of the Gospell, unto which he is 

1669. "It is enacted that any person or persons that shall 
be found smoking of tobacco on the Lord's day, going to or 
coming from the meetings, within two miles of the meeting 
house, shall pay 12 pence for every such default for the 
Colony's use." 

1675. This year died Mr. Holmes* on the 24th of Decem- 
ber. His ministry though not remarkably long was produc- 
tive of much good. He was buried in the old burying ground. 
He married Uth Dec, 1661, Mary, da. of John Wood,t 

* It is said that he came from England. I have not ascertained that he 
belonged to any of the families of Holmes in the Geneal. Registers. 

f " John Wood, sen., m. Sarah, and his ch"d were John, Mar. 4th, 1650; 
Nathaniel, Isaac, 27th Feb., 1653, Mary m. Rev. Mr. H., Sarah m. Fallo- 
well, Abigail m. Leonard, Mercy, Elizabeth, and Hannah." 

John Atwood, perhaps father of the preceding, was of Plymouth early, 


alias Atwood of Plymoiitl). She survived him and became 
the tliird wife of ^Major William Bradford. 

Rev. Ichabod Wiswall was next settled the pastor of the 
church in 1676. He was born about 1(')3S. and, it has been 
said, came from England while a youth. Some have made 
him the son of one of the three of this name, who early settled 
in Dorchester: John, Thomas, and Enoch. But I think it 
more probable that he was not. There was an Ichabod Wis- 
wall, who was in the colony in 1667, when his name and that 
of Remember Wiswall (perhaps his wife), are attached to an 
instrument on record in the colony books. Mr. Ichabod 
Wisewall, of Mass. took the oath of fidelity, 1674. He m. 
Priscilla Pabodie Sept. 2d, 167-, and had ch'd — Mary (or 
Mercy,) Oct. 4th, 1680, m. John Wadsworth Jan. 25, 1704; 
Hannah, Feb. 22d, 16S1, m. Rev. John Robinson, Mr. W.'s 
successor; Peleg, Feb. 5th, 16S3, grad. H. C. J 702, head mas- 
ter of the North free grammar-school of Boston from 1719 to 
his death, Sept. 2d, 1767, aet. 84 ; Perez, Nov. 22d, 1686 ; 
Deborah, m. Sanuiel Seabury, Oct. 21st, 1717; Priscilla, m. 
(jershom Bradford, 1716. His will bears date May 25lh, 
1700, and makes his wife his chief iieir. The witnesses were 
Alexander Standish, John and Samuel Sprague, and John 
Wadsworth. Inventory of his estate, tak'cn August 9, 1700 : 
whole amount was £o51 15s. including money and clothing, 
£170, books £60, plate £15 ; horse, cattle, sheep, swine. &c., 
£21 IO5., and six bee-hives. 

His oldest son Peleg, of Boston, named above, m. Elizabeth 

, and had Elizabeth, 4th Nov. 1720 ; Daniel, 13th Feb. 

1722; Priscilla, 17th Dec. 1725; John, 15th April, 1731. 

Mr. Wiswall had been at Harvard College three years, but 
did not graduate. He was a man of energy and piety ; and 
imder his ministry the prospects of the church were bright, 
and the highest prosperity was secured to his people. He was 
assisted in the alfairs of the church by Dca. Joh7i Wadsirorfh, 
an humble and pious man, whose highest aim was for the wel- 

owned a house in town valued at jC150, and the Plain Dealing Estate 
(X'lfi'J,) and oilier property amounting to J0[25. His wife Ann, died 
June 1st, Itif)!. He died late in 1(J13. His will names " his little kins- 
man Wm. Crowe," and his brother Lee and his wife, and their ch'd Ann 
and Mary. Strp/irn, (perhaps his son,) Plynioutli, had Hannah Oct. 14, 
1649. Henry, Plymouth, had Jonathan, Jan. 1, 1G50, and ^arah, who m. 
John Nelson, 28 Nov., Ififi?. A Mnri/ Wood b. at Sandwich, Mar. 29, 
1649. Abigail m. Jonathan Pratt, 2 Nov, 1GG4. 


fare of the church. His equal m age, he joined his exertions 
with those of the pastor, and continually strove in the per- 
formance of the duties allotted. His death occurred a few- 
months previous to Mr. Wiswall's ; and it appears by the re- 
cords, he " deceased May y^ loth. Anno Dom. ITUO, very 
early in y*^ morning before y« dawning of y^ day, being about 
sixty-two yeares of age." It is worthy of remark, that the 
descendants of this gentleman for four generations have held 
the same office in the church — all worthy men. In these 
timesof our fathers, it would not seem, it appears, inconsistent 
with the dignity of the deacon's office, to be engaged some- 
times in more servile occupations ; for we frequently find Dea. 
Wadsworth mentioned as receiving pay for sweeping the 
meeting-house. In the public business of the town, as well as 
in the civil government of the colony, Dea. Wadsworth was 
employed, and for several years represented his town in the 
General Court. 

The salary of the minister at this date was small, (about 
£50,) and he was chiefly (dependent on the liberality of a few 
for his support ; for tliere were some who refused to pay their 
just share of the contribution necessary for his maintenance. 
And it was with a sensibility peculiar to himself, that soon 
after he had recovered from a severe attack of sickness at this 
time, that he addressed a letter * to Gov. Hinckley, contain- 
ing serious considerations in regard to the sufficiency of the 
support of ministers and their families. It was, said he, a 
mournful reflection, when I thought what would be the condi- 
tion of my family after my death. " It was no small exercise 
in my sickness," he continues, " to think y* when my eyes 
were closed by death, their eyes would be forcibly kept open 
by streames of teares, in part because they must be turned out 
of dores, and could chalenge no habitation." 

" Therefore, Sr. for as much as you are in titnivujtie paratus^ 
viz., have conversed with both law and gospell, which direct 
professors, but especialy preachers of divine truth, howe they 
should walke with God and man, especialy \vith their owne 
flesh and bone, I humbly crave your serious consideration and 
resolution of a few queries." 

He then proceeds to institute a set of inquiries ; in the first 
place suggesting for reflection the meaning of the text, to be 
found in the first epistle of Timothy, v. S. Secondly, he asks, 
whether God has not provided for the support of the ministry; 
and, thirdly, whether He has delegated power to any people 
to call a pastor to their service without providing a suitable 
maintenance for him. Fourthly, he inquires, whether the 
civil authorities should not be "a nurseling father," according 

* Hinckley MSS. II. 12 — a fragment. 

182 REV. ICHABOD WIS WALL. [1676. 

to Isaiah xlix. 23 : and lastly, he asks, " whether my case, all 
circumstances considered, can be paraleled in the coloney." 

And, in continuance, he proceeds : 

" Sr, probably you inay looke on it as ominous, if not pro- 
digious, that I salute you with a script of this nature; and 
therefore, that you may not wander in uncertaine conjectures 
concerning y^ nature of y*' present phenomenon, be pleased to 
consider that y^ mature and grey-headed observation of y^ Ro- 
man orator (non nobis solum nati sumus) hath a weighty and 
abiding impresse on my spirit." I plead for all (he continues 
in substance), not for myself alone, but for all the ministers of 
the colony. Like the man of ages, who planted a young tree 
by the roadside, and inscribed it with the motto, postekitati, 
I keep tlie emblem of futurity before me, and strive to acquire 
that competence, that shall provide for my widow and orphans 
for a time, tiiat security and prosi)erity which I may know in 
my dying moments will preserve them from trouble and dan- 
ger. Having thus proceeded with language of emotion, he 
concludes with the divine benediction ; — 

'• The Father of Lightes cloathe you with a spirit of wise- 
dom and resolution to understand, project and effect w* may 
be acceptable to Him through Christ Jesus, that in this Col- 
oney there may be no extinguishing, but a lasting progressive 
continuance of the brightness of that Lamp ordaiiied for the 
Anointed. So prayes Fie, who is, 

Sr, your humble servant, 

Duxbury : 6: : 9 : : 85." 

The town, however, at a meeting, Sept. 10th, 1687, voted 
to raise his salary, provided he does not charge " those debtor 
tliat pay their proportions, for the neglect of those that refuse 
or neglect to pay their dews, p'vided that the town doe adres 
themselves to authority for the obtaining of the whole."* 
This was not passed, however, without some opposition, and 
at the same meeting several townsmen remonstrated against 
it. They were John Soule, Isaac Harker, Robert Barker, 
Joseph llowland, James Hishop, Abraham Sampson, Jr., and 
Josiali Holmes. In the following year Mr. Wiswall received 
a grant of Bump's meadow, (jlrauts of land were commonly 
made to the ministry, or to the individual holding at the time 
the office of pastor, either to be left to his disposal with a right 
to sell, or only to enjoy the improvement thereof. 

In 1694, we find the first mention of a parsonage, when a 
committee was appointed to give Mr. W. a deed of " the 

* About this time a petition was addressed to his excellency, " in order 
to get in Mr. Wiswall's erariges for the work of the ministry among us." 

1676.] REV. ICHABOD WIS WALL. 183 

towne house," and " the land he now lives on." At this time 
the town granted him "lialfe y^ meadow called Rouse's 
meadow, y^ belonged to y^ ministry, to him and his heirs 
forever, and y^ use of y'' whole his lifetime." The house 
above named was built by the «Rev. John Holmes, on land 
which he purchased of John Sprague, and was situated West 
of the road, " leading from the meeting house into the Noock, 
or Capt. Standish's point," containing about five or eight 
acres. The house was afterwards sold by Major William 
Bradford, who married the widow of Mr. Holmes, to the 
town. At the same time they gave him one half of Bump's 
meadow, and the old pasture, bounded N. E. by the before 
mentioned house lot; N. W. by Mr. Pvalph Thacher's home- 
stead; S. W. by Morton's hole marsh; and S. E. by Thomas 
Boney's. The town also appointed Mr. John Wadsworth, 
and Capt. Jonathan Alden to give him a deed; but they 
dying without doing it, the town. May 7th, 1700, chose 
Samuel Seabury and John Sprague, then agents to do it. 
Mr. Wiswall at this time acquitted the town of all arrears 
from 1678 to the end of 1694, and also quitclaimed all former 
grants. The original deed, bearing date May 20th, 1700, is 
now before me, signed by the agents, and witnessed by Alex- 
ander Standish and John Wadsworth ; and acknowledged be- 
fore Major William Bradford. 

Mr. Wiswall died in Duxbury, July 23d, 1700, aged 62 
years, much lamented by his people, among whom he had 
been as a friend, an adviser, and instructor. He was a gen- 
tleman of piety and learning, and was of much use in the 
Colony, sometimes serving in civil capacities, and for many 
years was an instructor of youth. 

He was buried in Duxbury, in the second burying yard, 
and his monument bears this inscription. — " HERE lyeth 


July y^ 23, anxo 1700, in the 63^ year of ms age." This 
stone, the oldest in the yard, is still perfectly legible; and free 
from moss — emblematic of the good man's purity, whose 
remains lie buried beneath. How long before 1700, this yard 
was first used is not known. Its original bounds were some- 
what smaller than the present: for in 1734, the town (April 
8th,) voted to exchange a small lot of land with Benjamin 
Prior, for a lot of his, "which lyeth joining the burying 
ground for the enlargement of said burying ground." The 
second church stood at the easterly end of this yard, where 
its site is now identified, and was probably erected in the 
latter part of Mr. W.'s ministry, though from the following 
record it would seem not until somewhat later. "Reckoned 
with y« town agents Feb'y y^ 25th, anno 1707. Then rec'd 
of said agents the sum of one hundred and eighty pounds in 

184 REV. JOHN ROBINSON. [1702. 

full for building y^ meeting house in Duxbnry. I say rec'd 
by me Samuel Sprague." This building was not torn down 
until June 7th, 1785. 

It is related of him, that while in England with Mr. Math- 
er, in 1691, endeavoring to obtain a distinct charter for the 
Colony, and strenuously striving to prevent the union with 
New York or Massachusetts; but being as strongly opposed 
and baffled by the endeavors of Mr. Mather, tiiat some 
feelings of animosity arose between them, and a paper war- 
fare ensued. Plymouth was, however, joined to Massachu- 
setts, and Mr. ]\lather, after their return home used to taunt 
him with his defeat, familiarly calling him the little iccazel. 
Mather writing home from England, after Wiswall had lost 
his cherished project, says, he hopes the "old iceazel will be 
content in his den." He was, as one who observed in after 
years the influences of his ministry has said, nearly a fault- 
less man, very high in the estimation of the whole Plymouth 
Colony for his talents, piety and incorruptible integrity. A 
sound preacher, though not remarkable for popular elocjuence.* 
He wrote much, and some of his coai])ositions are highly 
creditable to him. His style was plain, though forcible and 
effective. A poem of his, written on the Comet of 16S0, and 
published in London, is preserved among the papers of the 
Historical Society. 

Mr. Wiswall is said to have been famous as an astrologer, 
and to have predicted the death of one of his children, which 
happened while he was in England. 

Rev. John Robinson t was next settled as pastor in 1702. 
He graduated at II. C. in 1695, and for a few years, possibly, 
preached at Newcastle, Pennsylvania. At a meeting of the 
town, Sept. 2d, 1700, it was " voted to call Mr. John Robin- 
son to ye work of y^ ministry liere; they also voted to give 

* Rev, Benjamin Kent's notes. 

f He was born at Dorchester, April 17th, 1075, and was son of James 
Rohinson, who m. Mary Alcock, July 27th, 1604, and died JG91, and 
whose other chihircn were Thomas, April 15lh, 1008, Samuel, Sept. llth, 
1070, James, 1005, Mary, Mar. 17th, 1()7.3, and Ebcnczer, July 5th, 1082. 
Mr. R. m. Hannah, dau. of his predecessor, Mr. Wisv%a!i. Their children 
were Mary, Fuh. 2?,A, 1700 ; llmuuih, Nov. 2d, 1708, m. Nathaniel 
Thomas, Esq., Sept. 1st, 172'J, (he was the father of Hannah, wlio m. 
Col. John Thomas, and their children were Col. John Thomas, and the 
wife of Rev. Z. Willis of Kingston ,) Ak/hca, May 20tli, 1710, m. IMr. 
Ripley of Abington ; FJhnbcth, Sept. 28lh, 1712, m. Rev. Jacob Eliot of 
Lebanon, Ct., May 4th, 1732; Jolm, April IGth, 1715, removed to Wilkes- 

1714.] REV. JOHN ROBINSON. 185 

£60 a year annually towards his maintainance in y^ afore- 
saide worke, one halfe silver money, and y^ other halfe, corn 
or provisions at y^ common price; they allso made choice of 
Mr. Seth Arnold, Mr. Edward Southworth, Mr. Samuel Sea- 
bury, and Mr. William Brewster as their agents to acquaint 
Mr. Robinson with their proceedings herein, and allso to 
discourse with him concerning his acceptance thereof in order 
to his settlement amongst us in y^ aforesaid worke of y^ min- 
isiry." He accepted and was settled Nov. 13th, 1702. 

The ministry of Mr. Robinson was long, and in the begin- 
ning comparatively quiet, yet there were some in the town 
who continually opposed him, and delighted in thwarting his 
plans, especially in the latter part of his ministry, when 
troubles of a pecuniary nature disturbed the quiet of the 

1714. The town gave leave to John Chandler, Ichabod 
Bartlett, Philip Delano, Nathaniel Brewster, Pelatiah West, 
Constant Southworth, Jonathan Alden, John Simmons, Jr., 
and Benony Delano, "to build a seat in s«i town's meeting 
house adjoining y^^ front gallerie." At the same meeting 
(Feb.-24th.) " Y^ said town also gave to their agents formerly 
chosen by s<i town to pew s^ meeting house round, 6cc., Lt. 
Saml. Bradford, Mr. Thomas Loring, Mr. Saml. Seabury, 
Mr. John Partridge, and Capt. John Alden y« front or free 
seat in y® uppermost or second gallerie in y^ north west end 
of y« s"^ meeting house, whereupon y^ s'i agents gave to 
y s'i towne their right to y*^ two hindermost seats in s^^ galle- 

1722. Mr. Robinson was called to mourn the death of his 
wife, and his oldest child, Mary; and her sad end was no less 
an affliction to her bereaved husband, than a great loss to an 
affectionate circle of friends and relations. Having deter- 
mined on a visit to Boston, she had taken passage on board of 
a coaster, together with her daughter, and Mr. Fish, a young 
gentleman of Duxbury, and were all drowned by the upsetting 
of the vessel in a sudden tempest off Nantasket beach, Sept. 22. 
She was in her 42d year, and the daughter in her 17th, and 
Mr. Fish was a member of Harvard College. The remains 

barre, Penn., where he left posterity; Ichabod removed to Lebanon, Ct., 
was a merchant, and father of Joseph, John, and Rev. William, who was 
b. at Lebanon, Aug-. I5th, 1754, and died Aug. 15th, 1825, ffit. 71, was 
minister of Soulhington, and m. Naomi Wolcott, who died April 16th, 
1782, ffit. 28 ; Fai/h, 1718, m. Gov. Jonathan Trumbull of Ct., Dec. 9th, 
1735, and died at Lebanon, 1780, aH. 62, and he died Aug. 9th, 1785, aet. 
75, and had ch'd, Joseph, who died 1778^ st. 42, and Gov. Jonathan, who 
was b. Mar. 26th, 1740, and died Aug. 7th, 1809, a3t. 69 years. Mr. 
Trumbull became acquainted with her while on a visit to Duxbury on 



of the daughter were recovered and interred at Duxhury, 
wliere a stone was erected with a suitable inscrii)tion. Those 
of the mother were found six weeks after by the natives, at 
Race Point, Cape Cod, and identified by papers preserved in 
her stays, and a golden necklace, which the swelling of her 
neck had concealed, and which is now in the possession of 
her descendants. A gold ring which she wore, was probably 
plundered by the natives, who had cut off her swelled finger 
to obtain it. She was buried at the Cape, where a monument 
marks her grave with an inscription by her husband, closing 
with this quotation from Psalms, — "Thus he bringeth them 
to their desired Haven." An elegy was written on her death, 
and addressed to her husband, by' Rev. Mr. Pitcher of Scitu- 
ate, and which is more precious on account of its purity of 
sentiment, than for any intrinsic merit of the style. She is 
called, — 

" One of the Gowned tribe and Family, 
Of bright descent and Worthy Pedegree ; 
A charming daughter in out Israel, 
In ventuous acts and Deeds seen to excell : 
As Mother, Misiriss, Neighbour, Wife, most rare ; 
Should I exceed to say beyond compare 1 
Call her the Phoenix, yet you cannot lye, 
Whether it be in prose or poetry. 
For Meekness, Piety, and Patience ; 
Rare Modesty, Unwearied Diligence ; 
For Gracious Temper, Prudent Conduct too. 
How few of the fair sex could her outdo." * 

1723. This year occurred the death of Dea. Win. Brewsiei-. 
on the 3d of November, aged nearly 78 years, having served 
in the office of Deacon for many years. He was a son of 
Love Brewster, and grandson of the Elder of Plymouth, — a 
worthy man, who was often employed to good advantage in 
the civil affairs of the town. 

1731. Dr. Benony Delano was appointed (March 12th) to 
get the meeting-house repaired. And again, (Sept. Sth,) Dr. 
Delano, Wm. Brewster and Thomas Loring were appointed 
for the same purpose. 

173G. The town chose (Aug. 9th,) Nathaniel Sampson, 
Thomas Phillips, George Partridge, and Isaac Simmons, Jr., 
" to take care and order tlic children in town, and restrain 
them from any unbecoming carriage, making disturbance in 

* Deane's Sciluate. 

1737.] REV. JOHN ROBINSON. 187 

meeting-time, or between the services." Mr. Robinson's sala- 
ry this year was £120. 

1737. The unhappy circumstances, which finally led to 
the dismission of Mr. Robinson, arose for tiie most part from 
disputes in regard to the sufficiency of his salary. His stated 
allowance in the beginning, as appears from the town records, 
bearing date May 19th, 1701, was £60 a year, as long as he 
continued in the ministry, which was to be raised by selling 
the common lands of the town. The same year the town 
voted to purchase a convenient place for a parsonage for the 
use of the ministry ; and a committee, consisting of Mr. Ed- 
ward Arnold, JMr. Edward Southworth, and Ensign Samuel 
Seabury, were appointed to make the purchase. He had also 
considerable grants of land made to him at various times, to 
meet his continual demand for increase of salary, in order, as 
he expressed it, that he might live in the body* 

The first notice we can find concerning the difficulties that 
ensued, is in the town's books, when, at a meeting held 14th 
March, 1737, " the town chose Edward Arnold, Col. John 
Alden, Mr. Joshua Soule, Samuel Weston, and John Wads- 
worth a committee to treat with Mr. Robinson concerning the 
making up of his salary, about which there is an action de- 
pending at the next Superior court." This action, we believe, 
was never brought on. On the 2d of June, a meeting of the 
church was held, and " then y® Rev. Mr. Robinson their Pastor 
declared, that if y^ town & church would give him a dismis- 
sion from his pastoral office from among them, that he would 
accept of it." On the 3d of August the town agreed " to ac- 
cept of ye above s^ Mr. Robinson's above s^ proposals," At 
this meeting there was much diversity of opinion, and a num- 
ber of the most influential townsmen entered a protest against 
the controversy. Samuel Alden, Joshua Soule, Philip Delano, 
Philip Ciiandler, John Wadsworth and Samuel Chandler were 
the signers of this remonstrance. They finally, after much 
contention, appointed a committee to try to make an agree- 

* Rev. Benja. Kent's Notes. On one of these occasions, when he peti- 
tioned the town for this purpose, he was addressed by one of his most 
active, if not influential parishioners, who doubtless thought that he had a 
sufficiency. " Well ! Parson Robinson," said he, " what do you want 
now ? You know we have raised your salary once, and besides that we 
have given you the improvement of Hammer Island, and upwards of thirty 
acres upland in Weechertown ! Isn't that enough'!" "Ah! yes," re- 
plied Robinson, in his not unusual, and truly characteristic manner, " Ham- 
mer Island ! and I've mowed it too this year, and I don't want a better 
fence around my cornfield than one windrow of the fodder it cuts ! My year- 
lings will come up to it, and smell of it, yes, smell of it, mid rini and roar ! 
Weechertown ! Thirty acres in Weechertown ! Why, if you were to mow- 
it with a razor, and rake it with a fine tooth comb, you would n't get enough 
from it to winter a grasshopper I " 


ment with Mr. Robinson. Nolliing more appears to have been 
done until December 5th, when it was voted to pay the differ- 
ence between i\Ir. Robinson and the town, and also the present 
year's salary, it' he would leave the ministry."' These pro- 
ceedings were sent to Mr. Robinson, who returned the follow- 
ing answer : — 

" Dnxb. Dccem''- 5, 1737, in answare to y*^ above vote, T 
promise to comply therewith, if y*^ town will make my salary 
for y« currant year £170, and y^ which forthwith payed & 
y6 church will give me a dismission. John Robinson." 

The meeting then voted to pay him £412 6s. 126?., and the 
present year's salary. They also desired him to preach on the 
next Sabbath as formerly. On the 16th of December the fol- 
lowing protest of some of the town's people was presented, the 
original of which, in Mr. Kent's MS. Coll., is now before me. 

" We y^ subscribers, inhabitants of y^ town of Duxborough, 
being sensible of the Troubles and Contentions in y® s^ town 
by reason of a party that are not willing to pay our minister, 
viz., ye Rev"'' M""- John Robinson, so much in value as onr 
engagement was to him as to his yearly salary, when he first 
setled among us, nor to comply with y*' judgement of Court 
relating thereto, nor any other ways to agree whh him about 
ye same ; but still are going on in their Contentions, which 
have occasioned great charge upon y^ s^ town, & is likely to 
occasion more, if speedy care be not taken to prevent. We 
therefore whose names are hereunto written do hereby declare 
our aversness to y^ maintaining y^ s'^ Contentions & do pro- 
test against paying any further charge which may be brought 
on ye s'i town by such contentions, & do declare our willing- 
ness to comply with y" judgement of Court relating to ye above 
s^i salary, & to pay our parts of what yet remains due con- 
cerning ye same, that so our s'^ Minister may be well support- 
ed & encouraged to continue in the work of ye Ministry among 
us." Signed by Joseph Soule, Isaac Peterson, Kbenezer 
Sampson, Moses Simons, Pelatiah West. Philip Delano, Josh- 
ua Soule, John Simons (his mark), vYmasa Turner, John 
Sprague, Jr.. Thos. Southworth, Nathaniel Fish, and Joshua 

llillier neglected payment on the part of the town or new 
difiiculties of a similar nature renewed the contention; and at 
a meeting, July 5th, 1738, a commimication was received 
from Mr. Robinson, stating " that he did not look upon him- 
self as ye minister of Dnxborrough; but that he was dismiss- 
ed by a result of an ecclesiastical council, and said that he 
would be no hinderance to them in procuring another min- 
ister." I can find no account of the council referred to. On 
the 7th of the next month, a committee was chosen to make 

1738.] REV. JOHN ROBINSON. 189 

up accounts with Mr. Robinson, "-from the beginning of the 
world to the jiresent day^ These few words convey better 
than any sentiments of mine, the fechngs of the people 
towards their pastor. Another meeting was held on the 25th 
of Sept., bnt adjourned to the third of October, when it was 
" voted that they would not have any thing to do with 
y^ Rev"<i Mr. Robinson as their ecclesiastical minister or pas- 
tor in s<i town ; and further that y^ s'l town will not pay the 
s<i Mr. Robinson any salary ever since he left off y^ work of 
the ministry and preaching y^ Gospel in s'^ town, declaring 
solemnly that he was not y® minister of Dnxburongh, and 
that ye s^ town might proceed to get another minister to 
supply ys pulpit, he would be nothing against it; and then 
ye s** town voted that they would joyn with the church in 
procuring an ecclesiastical council to dismiss Mr. Robmson 
from his pastoral ofiice in y^ s^ town." The meeting then 
adjourned to the 19th, when this vote was passed and record- 
ed, — " Voted, that ther meting hons shuld be shut up so that 
no parson shuld open y^ same so that Mr. John Robrson of 
Duxborrough may not get into s<^ meting hous to preach anay 
more, without orders from the town." 

The precise date of Mr. Robinson's dismission is not given; 
but in the town records under date of Nov. 11th, 1738, it is 
stated that Mr. Robinson acquitted the town of all charges. 

"Received of the town agents £412 IO5. 6t/. by judgement 
of the Court of Assize, in April, 1737. 

Nov. 11th, 1738. John Robinson." 

Mr. Robinson afterwards removed to Lebanon, Ct., the 
residence of the Elder Gov. Trumbull, who had married his 
daughter, where he died of diabetes, Nov. 14th, 1745, set. 74 

As a preacher* he was sound in his discourse, and earnest 
and sententious in his arguments; but painful oftentimes in 
character. He was remarkable for his occasional sermons 
and texts; and the occurrence of great events or remarkable 
phenomena atibrded him a theme to his liking, which he 
would tireat in a manner truly as eccentric as characteristic. 
He seldom exchanged, and always appeared in the pulpit in 
a short jacket, and in consequence of this, as of his name, he 
went familiarly by the name of master Jack. It is said, that 
he never wore an outside garment. 

He lived in a two story house on a rising knoll, a little 
northeast of the present residence of Capt. Richardson. He 
had for a near neighbor one Josiah Wormall, with whom he 

* The remaining account of Mr. Robinson is derived chiefly from Mr. 
Kent's notes. 

190 REV. JOHN ROBINSON. [1738. 

lived in perpetual turmoil and conflict, and \vhom he very 
kindly denominated ^'- All iror?ii^' or " M'onnirood,'^ as the 
circumstances of the case required. This Christian of the 
Old School usually went to church in a leathern apron, smok- 
ing his pipe until lie reached the meeting-house door. On 
one occasion, having deposited his pipe in the pocket of his 
coat, before he liad extinguished the fire within, he walked 
deliberately up the broad aisle with becoming solemnity, and 
leaning on a gigantic stall", and having taken a seat directly 
before the pastor in the "old men's long seats," he fixed 
through his shaggy eyebrows his searching gaze upon the 
preacher. It was however but for a moment, for springing 
suddenly from his seat with a stare of consternation, and 
seizing the skirt of his coat all on fire, he rushed from the 
house. "There,"' cried Mr. Robinson with imperturbable 
gravity, "there, brethren, neighbor Wormall comes smoking 
into the house, and he goes smoking out ! " And at another 
time, as this Christian brother sat looking up from his place, 
mimicking in miniature his gestures, and pouting occasionally 
at what he deemed heretical doctrines, Mr. Robinson came to 
a sudden and solemn pause, looked down upon his auditor 
and audience, and said, — "Brethren, I 've done! If you 
will follow me to my house I will preach. Hut 1 cannot and 
will not preach here, while that man sits griiming at me!" 
He instantly left the pulpit; but was followed by Pelatiah 
West, another particular friend, who gave him on the door 
step the anxious assurance, — "Why, Parson Robinson, I 
woidd not have left the meeting-house, if the devil had been 
there!" " Neither would I," was the ready response. On 
another occasion, Pelatiah West, a member of the society, 
wrote the following original lines, and hand(;d them to one of 
the deacons at churcli, to be read and sung line by hue, as 
was then the custom, and which was written with direct 
reference to some previously expressed sentiment of Mr. 

" lie tliat does bring the fattest pig, 

And eke the goose most weighty, 

He is the independent Big, 

And eke the saint most mighty. 

" But he that does withhold his hand, 
And eke shut up his purse, 
The Lord shall drive liim from the land, 
And eke lay on his curse ! " 

Not less peculiar are iiis farewell words, which he is said to 
have addressed to the town on his departure, savoring of lliat 
independence and eccentricity of character, which was always 
manifested by him. "?seighbors, 1 am going never to return, 

1738.] REV. SAMUEL ,VEAZIE. 191 

and I shake the dust from my feet as an everlasting testimony 
against ye, vipers as ye are." 

An anecdote is related of him concerning an earthquake, 
which happened during his ministry. Being visited slsortly 
after its occurrence by one of his society, he appeared in great 
distress, and upon inquiry he answered, " Neiglibor A., there 
has just been, you know, an earthquake, and I must preach 
about it. But 1 don't know what to do. I 've no book that 
says a word about earthquakes." He preached, however, on 
the next Sabbath, and two such sermons, it is said, were 
never delivered. 

Another story is related which particularly illustrates a 
peculiar trait of his character. One of his church once 
calling upon him, he appeared in a mood of unusual medita- 
tion, and in answer to his interrogatories replied with an air 
of confidence, '• This morning I got up and went without 
doors, and saw a hawk in the sky, a large hawk, and," said 
he, turning to his friend with a look of assurance, "that dog 
sat upon his tail." Robinson followed this story by another, 
equally marvellous, apparently. The individual expressed 
his. astonishment, and even dared to state his disbelief, 
"Ah!" replied Robinson, "No one can believe any thing 
here without it is miraculously wrought before them." 
"Surely," returned the other, "one must be in a great delu- 
sion to believe a lie," and the matter after little further dispu- 
tation was dropped. Shortly after, Robinson was called upon 
before the church to explain in regard to the strange stories 
which he had related; when, rising, he replied with an air 
of extreme indifference, "Disbelieve it if you please, but I 
know that dog sat upon his tail." "Upon the hawk's taiH" 
asked some one. " No," replied Robinson witli considerable 
feeling, "upon his own tail of course." 

Rev. Samuel Yeazie* was the next settled minister of the 
church. We find by the Town Records that the town (Aug. 

* Mr. Veazie was born Jan. 8th, 1711, and was a descendant of Robert 
of Braintree, William and Alice were of Brainlree, and had Alice, May 
4th, 1659; Samuel and Mary of the same place had Mary, June I7th, 
1687, and Samuel, July 19th, 1689. 

Mr. Veazie grad. at H. C. in 1736 ; m. Deborah Sampson, Aug-. 6lh, 
1742, and had a son, John, born in July, and died Aug. 3d, 1715, and a 
second John. He lived at the Nook, and built and occupied the house, 
where resided the late Andrew Sampson. 

Church Records. With his ministry commence the extant records of the 
church, and it is said that the earlier ones were burnt at a house in Pem- 



7th, 1738,) voted to give him an invitation to become their 
pastor, and appointed Dea. Alden to treat with him. Still 
later this call was renewed, (March 9th, 1739,) and Col. 
Alden, Wm. Brewster, and John Chandler were then chosen 
and empowered to make an agreement with him abont settling 
among them. The Town offered as an inducement, the sum 
of c€40l», and an annual salary of £.50. In 1741, however, 
we find among the appropriations of the Town, for the min- 
ister £150. He was ordained Oct. 31st, 1739. The services 
were a prayer by the Rev. J no. Parker of Plympton ; a ser- 
mon by the Rev. John Shaw of Bridgcwatcr; the charge by 
Rev. John Auger of the same place ; the R. H. of Fellowship 
by the Rev. Shcarjashub Bourn of Scituate. 

1739, Sept. Slh. In the midst of his usefulness in the 
church and society, died Dea. Jedediah South worth, aged 37 

1740, May 27th. Mrs. Catharine White presented to the 
church a large damask table cloth. At a meeting on the 25th 
of June, they chose a committee " to return their grateful 
thanks for the generous gift." 

1741, April 14th, Died Dea. Benjamin Alden, who was a 
carpenter by trade, and was drowned near the Gurnet. The 
church voted to receive none at the communion, who were 
not in charity with their church at home, and that it was a 
grievance for any church to do otherwise. 

1743. This year may be considered the date of the first 
serious outbreak between the church and its pastor. Some of 
the churcli in the beginning were opposed to the settlement of 
Mr. Vcazie, and continued throughout his ministry much dis- 
satisfied with his labors. Some even left the church, and 
joined themselves to others. His ministry, like his predeces- 
sor's, in the latter part was turbulent and inauspicious, and 
he was finally obliged from want of a support, to ask a 
dismission. During the first part of his ministry he was a 
moderate Calvinist. The part he afterwards took in the 
religious controversies of the times, however, served to height- 
en tlie animosity, which had previously exhibited itself But 
it was his fortune to live at a time in the history of New 
England, when religion was most generally observed, the 
period of the Great Revival. Whitfield was then itinerating 
through the country, stirring the people to reform. His adhe- 
rents, the New />/i'-A/.s', rapidly increased; so that between 
the years 1740 and 1750, about thirty congregations of Sc])a- 
ralists were formed. On the contrary the Old Lights considered 
the zeal of their opponents as mere wild fin% and very perni- 
cious to the well being of the comnuuiity, and strove to 
suppress it. Of this latter class were most of the inhahitants 
of Du.xbury. Nevertheless, Whitfield visited, converted, and 

1743.] REV. SAMUEL VEAZIE. 193 

made . Mr. Veazie a complete fire brand or new light; and 
(says Mr. Kent,) if it never so happened to any one else, he 
was evidently made a worse man by his conversion. He was 
rendered morose, dogmatic, and furious, whipping his own 
children with the utmost severity for the least freedom on the 
Sabbath, which he kept formally but strictly from sunrise to 
midnight. In Duxbury most of the influential men of the 
town adhered strongly to the old doctrines, and against these 
Mr. Veazie waged a fierce and bitter warfare ; but he could 
neither persuade nor drive them to embrace his new doctrines 
or bear with his dogmatisms. *= Among the firmest in the 
opposition was Capt. Samuel Alden, who sincerely believed 
that more evil than good must arise from these exciting 
addresses to the fears and passions of the common people. t 
Mr. Veazie at first boasted that a majority were in favor of 
the new doctrines. His conduct had long been objectionable to 
many of his parishioners, and frequent altercations occurred 
between them. There is extant a paper written about this 
period, of which the following is a copy. % 

" We the Subscribers Look upon the Reverend Mr. Veazie's 
Doctrines many of them to be Erroneous. Sometime ago he 
Preached concerning Assurance and in his discourse he deliv- 
ered these words, that dreadful false opinion, that a man may 
have true grace and not know it. Yea, I say, that dreadful 
soul damning principle, that a man may be converted and not 
know it. No greater delusion or stratagem the devil hath not 
to delude souls into Hell than that. Another time he was 
preaching from the 10th chapter of Romans at the 13th, 14th 
and part of the 15th verse, he said in that Sermon, the reason 
why God's judgment was turned away from the Ninevites 
was because they lived nigh a place, as it were a channel 
where God's blessings were wont to flow, and not because 

* Rev. Benjamin Kent's notes. 

f Capt. Alden was a grandson of the pilgrim, and a pious man, ever 
cheerful, through the christian hope he had attained ; and was remarkable 
for his strength of mind, soundness of judgment, and exemplary deport- 
ment through life. He was a friend of education, and took an interest in 
the intellectual improvement of the mind, as he deemed that essential for 
the reception of divine truth. He lived until he was impatient to depart, 
and enter a happier state, though he suffered but little from bodily infirmi- 
ties. He lived to see a new country peopled with three millions of white 
men, successfully opposing the ungenerous usurpation and tyranny of the 
parent empire, where his grandfather saw nothing but a savage wilderness. 
Had the pilgrims been told that their grandchildren would see this aston- 
ishing population, establishing natronal liberty and independence, they 
would have thought it a thing utterly improbable, if not totally impossible. 
— Alden's Epitaphs, Bradford's and Eliot's Biog., and Alden's Centennial 

I Rev. B. Kent's MS. Coll. 129. 

194 REV. SAMUEL VEAZIE. [1743. 

they humbled themselves and returned from their evil ways. 
He likewise declared in the pulpit, that there was not a pro- 
mise in the wliole word of God for a man in a state of Nature, 
and since has declared to the contrary. 

'■ His co7t.versntio7i, we think, is also unbecoming. His say- 
ing a person in a state of nature is half a beast, and half a 
devil, and afterwards denying that he ever said so, or ever 
thought so. And denying that ever he acknowledged to any, 
that he had preached false doctrines. Further, his asserting 
that it was a sin for a man in a state of nature to pray. 

"And sometime in July, 1712, Mr. Veazie being at Mr. Na- 
thaniel Samson's, he undertook to examine his wife, what she 
built upon for salvation, and she told him not upon his works 
nor her own, and he said w^hat then ; she told him she hoped it 
was her desire to build upon Christ, that rock ; and he said that 
will not do. Then she said unto him, you are my teacher, tell 
me what will do ; and he said die for your brother ; "and she told 
him if you will not teach me better I will go to my Bible, and 
he said unto her, The Bible, the Bible; and he told her, that 
all the world had been in jest with God until now, and now they 
were got in earnest. And we asked him what was become of 
our fathers, and good Christians as we had reason to call them, 
and he said they are gone to Hell ! And he told us that a man 
in a state of nature had as good sit down upon the floor, and 
curse and swear, as to go to prayer ; and he told us that he 
would go on in this way for all the men upon Earth or devils in 
Hell ! About the same time Mr. Veazie said at Mr. Joshua 
Soul's house to his daughter Mercy and one or more of his I'am- 
ily in the hearing of his wife, that Christ now standeth with his 
arms open to receive them, therefore come now this minute, this 
moment, for without you are cursed damned creatures or devils. 
The woman saith devils, the daughter she is not sure which. 
And sometime last March, Mr. Veazie being at Mr. Benjamin 
Loring's in company with several, asked Mr. Freeman the rea- 
son of his not coming to the sacrament; he told him he had 
many reasons for it, and that he intended to take a convenient 
opportunity and talk with him ; but after other talk he told 
Mr. Veazie he would give him one reason why he did not come 
to meeting, and that was, he heard ho had preached false doc- 
trine. iMr. Veazie said he had preached the Arminian Scheme, 
and did not know it, and that he had preached up justifica- 
tion by works, and that he was resolute in the Arminian 
Scheme, one point of which insisted on would sink all down 
to Hell. Mr. Veazie was asked why he did not make a public 
recantation of those doctrines; he said lie preached contrary 
to them now, and that was sufficient, and further said he did 
intend to make a Public recantation upon a certain day ; but it 
happened there were many Marshfield people, and so omitted 

1746.1 ^^^' SAMUEL VEAZIE. 195 

it. The beginning of last August Mr. Veazie and Mr. Torrey, 
our school-master, were talking concerning mirth, and he told 
Mr. Torrey he showed himself to be just such a person as he 
always took him to be, and afterwards denied it. And fur- 
ther he told him he wished he never had come into town. 
Mr. Torrey asked him what provocation he had given him for 
any such wish. Mr. Veazie said, because he justified singing 
and dancing. Afterwards he told Torrey he took him to be a 
person destitute of grace, or he believed he had not one spark 
of saving grace. Mr. Torrey told Mr. Veazie he admired very 
much at his talk, and asked him whether he knew that his 
life was scandalous. The answer he gave Mr. Torrey was, 
he sung and danced, or justified singing and dancing. 

" At another time Mr. Veazie told Mr. Torrey, the reason 
why he did not join with the people on Sabbath-day noons in 
reading and prayer in the meeting-house, was because he had 
no communion with God in prayer. Mr. Torrey told him he 
did not know that, or it was more than he knew. Mr. Vea- 
zie's talk being so censorious and uncharitable without any 
provocation, especially to one who came intotlie tov\^n to serve 
it, we think it unsufferable and not to be borne with. Fur- 
thermore, when Mr. Veazie was reading Mr. Alden's reasons, 
that he gave into the Church, why he absented himself from 
the table bf the Lord, he did not read it as it was written, but 
made an alteration that very much altered the sense. And 
also we remain very much dissatisfied about our brother Al- 
den's suspension, and think the Church has been irregular in 
their proceedings with him. 

Duxborough, September the 20'^'i 1743. 

Joseph Freeman, Joshua Soule, 

Philip Chandler, Samuel Alden." 

1744-5, Mar. ISth. At a meeting of the town on this date, 
they " voted to choose some persons to take care of their meet- 
ing house to keep out of it itinerant preachers." Rev. Joseph 
Croswell, an itinerant " New Light,'' frequently preached dur- 
mg the excitement, from house to house.* 

1746. In the summer of this year, an ecclesiastical council 
was convened, to which Mr. Veazie addressed the following 
note : 

" The occasion of this, viz., things being so circumstanced 
with us that I am very uncomfortable, and not able in any 
good measure to discharge my ministry, having received of 
my people for salary since the year 1743, if I mistake not, but 
about £91 4s. Sd. old tenor. There being also a great sepa- 

* About this period the church on the other hand voted, that their min- 
ister might ask whomever he pleased into his pulpit. 

196 REV. SAMUEL VEAZIE. [1747. 

ration from our church and ministry, and appearing no dispo- 
sition to return, or probability of any accommodation, I there- 
fore desire the judgment of this venerable council whether it 
be not advisable for me to ask a dismission from my pastoral 
office."' After the decision of this council, Mr. Veazie sent 
this communication to tlic town : 

" By advice of this council I propose to the town as a con- 
dition of my leaving them, that they pay me my salary to the 
time of my separation from them, according to what they 
voted me in the year 1744, i. e. £17U per ammm, and if they 
are not willing to do this, that we refer the case of my salary 
to five men, mutually chosen by us, and we oblige ourselves 
to be set down by this award. I likewise desire the town to 
discourse with a committee of the council about my house and 
land here, to see whether I may not have some security with 
regard to my little interest in this place. 

"Hull, Nov. nth, 174(3." 

1747. In Dec. of this year the subject was referred to the 
Justices of the Court of General Sessions at Plymouth, and 
Gamaliel Bradford and Capt. Samuel Alden were chosen on 
the part of the town to answer to the complaint. This Court 
advised Mr. Veazie and the town agents, to call an ecclesias- 
tical council, and at a meeting of tlie town, Jan. 25th, 1748, 
"after several times reading the advice" of the justices, and 
"considerable debate thereon," it was voted to receive it, and 
also to " axcept those Gent., nominated by Mr. Veazie and 
y^ town agents, viz., y« Rev. Mr. Eells of Scituate, y^ Rev. 
Mr. Bass of Hanover, y*' Rev. Mr. Auger of Bridgewater, 
and Elijah Cusliing, and Thomas Foster, Esq'*' to come and 
advise and assist in y*' affairs." This council assembled, and 
the following petition signed by forty of his parishioners, was 
laid before them. 

" To the Reverend Council here met. ReV^ and Hon<^ Sirs, 

We having laid before you the ground of our uneasiness 
with our Reverend Minister, who seemed to us erroneous in 
his preaching, unchristian and unbecoming in his conduct, 
we pray you to resolve this case for us, which very much 
troubles and perplexes our consciences — whether a man that 
betrays such weakness of understanding (as we call it,) in 
the doctrine of the Gospel, such unsoundness of speech, if 
not gross errors in his preaching and conversation (all this for 
divers years past to this day,) be one that we ought to be 
easy under and submit ourselves unto as our pastor and spir- 
itual guide, and may with safety intrust our souls and the 
souls of our children to his ministerial instruction and care."* 

* Mr. Kent's MS. Coll. 

1749.] REV. SAMUEL VEAZIE. 197 

The affair seemed not to be settled here ; but was again to 
be referred to the Court. At a meeting of the town, "May 
12th, 174S, after some consultation, Mr. Miles Standish was 
sent to Mr. Veazie, to make an agreement, if he could, as the 
case was depending at the Court to be holden the next week. 
Mr. Veazie then appeared in town meeting, and declared that 
he was willing to have a compromise. Messrs. Gamaliel 
Bradford, Samuel Alden, and Samuel Seabury were then 
chosen to meet him, and were also directed that if they could 
not agree, to answer him in Court. In the July following, 
Mr. Veazie sent the following note to the church, asking his 

" To the .Church of Christ in Dux : 

Though I would gladly and willingly serve you and yours 
in the work of the ministry with all the strength and grace 
that God should afford to me, yet for the want of a support 
and merely for the want hereof, I am obliged to, and now do 
ask a dismission of this Church from my pastoral office and 
charge, which I have taken of this church and congregation. 

Pastor of the Church Samuel Veazie. 

in Duxborough : July 5 : 1748." 

This request was considered on the same day, and of the 
twenty-one members present, a majority of nine voted not to 
grant it. 

On one of the occasions, when Mr. Veazie entered a lawsuit 
for the recovery of his salary, he placed his case in the hands 
of the elder Otis, while the town rested their cause in the 
ability of the younger Otis, his son. The trial came on, and 
the latter rested his defence on the ground, " that the charter 
and laws mentioned, that every town should support a faith- 
ful, pious and learned minister, neither of which as he would 
be able to show from MS. sermons of the plaintiff in his pos- 
session, could he possibly be." Mr. Otis then read from these 
sermons, and commented upon their spirit, doctrines, grammar, 
and orthography, with so much skill and severity, that he 
gained for the time his case.* 

1749. The disputes still continued between them, though 
frequent measures were taken for some final settlement. Sept. 
14th, the town appointed Capt. Samuel Alden, Samuel Sea- 
bury, and John Sampson to settle the difficulties. A meeting 
was held with Mr. Veazie, but without success. 

1750, April 18th. A council of four churches, — that of 
Hanover, the first of Plymouth, that of Halifax, and the first 
of Marshfield, met at Mr. Veazie's house in Duxbury. "After 

* Mr. Kent's Notes. 

198 REV. SAMUEL VEAZIE. [1749. 

prayer for direction, and hearing what the pastor and church 
had to say, this council came to the following conclusion. 
That they think it advisable that this church give the Rev. 
Mr. Yeazie a dismission from his pastoral relation to them, 
attended with suitable recommendation, that some way may 
be made for his usefulness in the ministry elsewhere. Persu- 
ant to this advice the church upon Mr. Veazie's request gave 
him a dismission as follows : * 

"The church of Christ in Duxborough, having for some 
years set imder the ministry of the Kev. Mr. Samuel Veazie, 
and he now applying to us for a dismission from his pastoral 
relation to us, we in answer to his request say : that Divine 
Providence having permitted an unhappy controversy to arise 
some years ago, relating to our said pastor, which still sub- 
sists, though we have used many means, which we judged 
most suitable, to put an end to it, and to regain our dissatis- 
fied brethren, particularly that of an ecclesiastical council 
mutually chosen, the result whereof our Kev. Pastor unre- 
servedly complied with, we (though with great reluctance,) 
for the sake of our pastor's comfort and serviceableness, judge 
it convenient (in consequence of the advice of an ecclesiastical 
council, convened at our and our pastor's call,) to give our said 
pastor a dismission from his pastoral relation and office over 
us. And accordingly we now dismiss him, and freely recom- 
mend him to the work of the miinstry, where Providence 
may open a door for his re-settlement, trusting that by the 
soundness of his doctrine, and by the liohness of life he will 
approve himself a workman, that need not be ashamed, and 
praying that he may be an instrument of turning many to 
righteousness, who may be his crown of joy and rejoicing in 
the day of Christ. 

Signed by Philip Delano, J t .i. j -u 

° ^ f A ' f In the name and by 

James Arnold, > ,, ^ ^ ,, , ,•' 
T7I c ( the vote of the chh. 


"The church having thus dismissed the Rev"<^ Mr. Veazie, 
the council do declare that they look upon this as a regular 
and valid dismission, and do heartily join with the church in 
recommending Mr. Veazie to the work of the Gospel ministry, 
hoping that Divine Providence will open a door for his ser- 
viceableness in that work in some part of Christ's vineyard, 
f^'inally this council declare their hearty sympathy with this 
church, under their present broken circumstances, and would 
earnestly beseech and advise them, together with their breth- 

* The originals of the two following papers (on one sheet) are in Mr. 
Kent's MS. Col., 152. The first in Mr. Soule's, and the second in Mr. 
Cotton's hand. 

1749.] REV. SAMUEL VEAZIE. 199 

ren of the congregation, to humble themselves before God for 
what has been amiss in them in this time of division and 
temptation; and we would particularly take notice, that we 
think this town very faulty in wholly withholding from their 
minister his temporal snpport for several years, and also in 
suffering the House of God to lye waste, which we take to be 
a great contempt of the Divine Majesty, and beg leave to 
express our earnest wish, that every man would lay his hand 
upon his heart and solemnly inquire, tohat have I done! 
And we would entreat them all for the future to pursue those 
measures, that tend to peace, so far as is consistent with truth 
and holiness, and particularly to endeavor to unite in settling 
a pious and orthodox minister in this place, as soon as conve- 
niently may be, withal praying that the great shepherd of the 
sheep would undertake for this flock, and heal the divisions 
subsisting in the town, and give them another pastor after his 
own heart, that may prove a lasting blessing to them and 
theirs. And now. Brethren, we recommend you to God and 
to the word of his grace, who is able to build you up, and 
give you an inheritance among them that are sanctified. 

Israel Thomas, Benjamin Bass, Mod""' 

John Atwood, Nathaniel Leonard, 

Eeenezer Fuller, Jno. Cotton, 
Samuel Skiffe, Saml. Hill." 

He was afterwards presented with letters of recommenda- 
tion to the church of Hull, over which he was settled April 
12th, 1753, and here he died in 1797, at the advanced age of 
86 years. 

There are extant* several drafts and addresses, written in 
these contentious times; but without dates, so that it is diffi- 
cult to place them under their proper year. It appears there 
was an address framed for His Excellency, stating the sad 
condition of the church and town; that nothing could be 
procured to pay the minister, who has had nothing but by 
particular men for several years ; that a vote to pay him was 
passed in the negative by five or six majority; that "several 
big men '' persuade the lesser, that Mr. Yeazie can never get 
his salary at law, if they do not pay him; that after two 
years non-payment, Mr. Veazie was persuaded to bring it 
before the Quarter Sessions, and procured Mr. Kent, a lawyer 
of Boston, but the action was withdrawn ; that several coun- 
cils had been held between the minister and one man, all of 
which were decided in the minister's favor ; that notvvith- 

* Mr. Kent's MS. Coll. 122, 137, 199. 

200 REV. SAMUEL VEAZIE. [1749. 

standing he has so many hot headed fellows, who come to 
meeting on all occasions, and so many neglect, that the case 
is brought to this pass ; that we have spent as much in law as 
would support a minister for a year, and that many are 
willing to pay the minister, but not to be at an expense of 
keeping him from his just dues. In conclusion they desired 
His Excellency's advice, that they might be set at peace, and 
be able to build a new meeting house, or repair the old, 
which they affirm to be a shame to the town. Another 
paper is a note, addressed thus : " To the Rev'' Mr. Yeazie, a 
number of your aggrieved people make our complaint, and 
request as follows." This was because he had not complied 
with the advice of an ecclesiastical council, which sat here 
"last summer," and has since given us offence; 1st, because 
he asserted that a true saint is merely omnipotent ; 2d, be- 
cause he said that vmbelief was the only soul damning sin, 
and that sin against the Holy Ghost was not a sin under the 
Gospel; 3d, in declaring that conversion was but the return 
of the soul to itself; 4th, that the devil has not a greater 
stratagem to delude souls to hell, than waiting God's time, 
&c. Thus going on and giving nine reasons in the substance 
of the paper of Sep. 20th, 1743, they conclude, asking for 
redress or an ecclesiastical council. 

Another paper, a draft of an address of the adherents of Mr. 
Veazie, of which this is an abstract : 

"Although we have had divisions, yet Ave have reason to 
say with the Psalmist, the Lord reigncth. Although we were 
much divided in our thoughts, what would be most for the 
glory of God, and for the peace of this place ; and were almost 
broken up, (which was a great joy to our enemies, who iiavc 
been a long time striving to molest our peaceable worship,) 
we were brought to such a pass, that we may well say, that 
our feet had well nigh slipped, and had we not had God's 
help, we had despaired of ever again having a reconciled 
church here. The door our minister was to be thrust out of, 
appears now to be nearly shut, and that it may be shut quite, 
we the subscribers do think well of him, and desire to over- 
look his faults, and that he would forgive ours. We forgive 
our brethren, and may they forgive us. We are fully resolved 
not to part with our minister without other grounds, than 
merely to satisfy the Spirit, which has arisen among us. We 
resolve that our minister have an honorable support, and as 
soon as can be a suitable house of worship. We pray that 
the difference among us may not prevent any from joming our 
church. We do not think that our bad case would be made 
better by dismissing our pastor, and pray that we may all 
seek peace in doing justice to our Minister and one another." 


In his farewell sermon, Mr. Veazie used these words : — 
" Brethren, (said he) I shall probably not come to you again 
in this place until I come in the clouds ! " which occasioned 
the remark of one of his elder hearers as he was leaving the 
house, who said to a particular friend, " Why, the creature 
does not expect to come again tintil it 7-ains toads!'' * 

1749, March 15th. Ezekiel Soule was chosen Deacon of the 
Church; he removed to Woolwich in 1766. 

1750. Dea. John Wadsworth " deceased, May y^ 3d, Anno 
Domini, 1750, between ten and eleven a clock at night, being 
seventy-eight years, one month and twenty-one days old." — 
He was clerk of the town until his death, and for many years 
a selectman. A virtuous and honorable man.f 

1750. The town voted to raise £400 for the ministry. 
May 7th. The church " think it proper to have a day of 

fasting and prayer under their present broken circumstances." 
May i4th. It was voted to build a new meeting-house, and 
three gentlemen of the neighboring towns were chosen to select 
the site ; but it was afterwards agreed to enlarge the old one. 
July 25th. Gaml. Bradford, Geo. Partridge and Saml. Sea- 
busy were chosen to join the church committee to choose a 
preacher as a candidate for the winter. 

1751. Voted by the town £500 for the ministry. 

1752. Appropriation for the ministry £53 6s. 8c?. 

The question of building a new church was again agitated ; 
but in 1754, the old one was repaired at an expense of £176, 
and fifteen new pews were built and sold, £20 13s. 4d. being 
the highest price paid for one. 

1753. The church and town (Sept. 3d) imited in extend- 
ing to Mr. Jonathan Vinal an invitation to become their pas- 
tor, which he, in a communication dated Oct. 13th, deili^ned. 
The church, April 18th, (confirmed by the town May 27th.) 
voted to call Mr. Cornelius Jones, who also declined. 

* Rev. Benj. Kent's MS. Notes; where is related another anecdote. 
Mr. Veazie was frequently visited by Gideon Soule, a crazy person, whom 
he generally put in the attic to lodge, where he spent the night in boister- 
ous preaching. On coming down one morning, Mr. Veazie said to him in 
a passion, " Gideon, I wont have it. You must not disturb me so over my 
head with your eternal preaching ! I cannot sleep a wink all night for your 
bawling and clatter! " " Preaching, Brother Veazie," returned Gideon, 
" You can't sleep a wink all night for my preaching! Well, I can sleep 
soundly all day in spite of yours." 

f Dea. Wadsworth acquired, and lost, in different ways, a large estate. 
In the time of his prosperity, he bought and paid for Lindall's Row, a lane 
leading from Merchants' Row to the north of Long wharf in Boston. He 
afterwards lost this, with his money also, as another person appeared with 
a better title than the one who sold it. — B. K. 


202 REV. CHARLES TURNER. [1755. 

Rev. Charles Turner,* a graduate at Harvard College, of 
the class of 1752, was the next settled minister. An invita- 
tion was extended to him by a vote of the church, Nov. 14th, 
1754, which was concurred in by the town. Dec. 16th, and 
Samuel Alden and James Arnold were chosen to wait upon 
him and ask his acceptance. He complied, and was ordained 
July 2'3d, 1755. The services at his ordination were a prayer 
by the Rev. Jacob Bacon of Plymouth ; a sermon from Eph. 
V. 8, by Rev. William Rand of Kingston ; the charge by Rev. 
Ebenezer Gay of Hingham, and the right hand of fellowship 
by Rev. Thomas Smith of Pembroke. A large concourse of 
people was assembled, and scarcely more than half could get 
within the church. The sermon by Mr. Rand was published. 

1755, Aug. 7th. "Voted, that y^ sacrament of y^ Lord's 
Supper should be administered seven times in a yftar:"' also, 

"Voted, that when persons should desire to join with the 
church in full communion, previous to their admission into i, 
their knowledge, &c., should be inquired into by y^ pastor, 
with two or more of the brethren, unless the persons choose 
rather to make relations." 

1755, August 21st. Peleg VVadsworth, son of Dea. John 
Wadsworth, was chosen a deacon, which office he held for 
thirty-five years, until J 790 ; serving for a part of the time as 
the treasurer of the church also. 

1755, Sept. 25th, died Dea. James Arnold, ret. 56 years, 
who held that office fourteen years, having been chosen after 
the death of Dea. Alden, June 24th, 1741. 

1760. The town chose a committee to take care of the 
wretched boys on the Lord's day. 

1762, Sept. 25th. Dea. Samuel Seabury died, aged 70, hav- 
ing for many years held the office ; though not, at the same 

* He was born September 3d, 1733, and was a descendant of Humpbrey 
Turner, an early settler of Scituate. This Humphrey, a tanner, married 
Lydia Gainer, and died in 1673. His children were Thomas, John, Josepli, 
younof son .Tohn, Daniel, Nathaniel, Mary Parker, and Lydia Doughty. 
T/iomr/s married Sarah, da. of Thomas Hyland, in ltl52, and had several 
children, one of whom, Charles, was horn 1664, and married Mercy, da. of 
Samuel Curtis, and was the father of Char/cs, who married Eunice, da. of 
John James, and he was the father of ReV. Ciiarles, horn as above. He 
married Mary, da. of Rev. Mr. Rand of Kin<>ston, and had children, — 
L Ilnn. Charles Turner, June 20th, 1760, member of Congress, and master 
of Marine hospital at Chelsea, who married Hannah, da. of Col. John Jacob, 
and was the father of Theodore, and Samuel A. Turner, Esq., (who m. 
Lvdia Turner) ; H. Eunice, June 9lh, 1758 ; IIL William, April 8, 1762 ; 
IV. John, July 7, 1763 ; V. Mary, June 5, 1764, died June 26, 1769 ; VL 
Persis, April 19, 1768, died July 5, 1769; VH. Mary, Nov. 27, 1770.— 
Deane's Sci/nale ; Diithury Rcrnrth. Mr. Turner's annual salary was 
£1^ 6.S. 8^. 

1775.] REV. CHARLES TURNER. 203 

time, exempt from the civil duties of the town, being employ- 
ed frequently in the town offices, and representing it in the 
General Court. 

1770. Voted, "to desire Dea. Peleg Wadsworth to pur- 
chase a silver tankard for the church as soon as he can con- 

1772, March 16th. They voted to build a new meeting- 
house, if a place could be agreed upon. And two years later, 
(March 16(h, 1774) they passed a vote to place it on Joshua 
Cushman's land: which vote was reconsidered, and the old 
site preferred. xXothing, however, was done. 

1775. The ministry of Mr. Turner was particularly happy, 
and by far more productive of good than either of his prede- 
cessors since the days of Mr. Wiswall. During his settlement 
one hundred and thirty-one were admitted into the church. 
Nothing happened to sever the ties of friendship and break the 
bonds of happiness between the pastor and his flock. Possess- 
ed of eloquence and judgment, and with fine powers of com- 
municating his thoughts to others, he was met on the Sabbath 
day by a concourse of his people, who listened attentively to 
his teachings. And finally, when the limit he had assigned 
to his ministry in the town had expired, it became necessary, 
as also on account of continued ill health and bodily infirmi- 
ties, for him to ask a dismission. This was granted (April 
10th), though with reluctance, feeling that they should be de- 
prived of an instrument of the greatest good among them. It 
was concurred in by the town on the same day. In a letter 
of recommendation to the second church in Scituate, they thus 
speak of " their late worthy and beloved pastor:" — "We 
lament that the righteous Governor of the world has in his 
Holy Providence deprived us of the ministerial labors of a 
man, so universally esteemed by us as a friend, a minister, 
and a Christian, and with whom we have lived in peace and 
happiness for this almost twenty years. But while we deplore 
our important loss, we heartily wish him the restoration of 
health, that he may yet be extensively useful in the world, 
and largely contribute to the happiness of mankind, in such a 
way as God in his wisdom shall see fit." 

Mr. Turner then returned to his father's house in Scitnate. 
As he was the most popular man in the district at the time, 
when a convention was called to act upon and offer to the 
people the Federal Constitution, he was chosen one of its 
number. He was at first decidedly opposed to it, thinking it 
not liberal enough, and, as he had previously expressed him- 
self in Duxbury, determined to resist it step by step. He was 
however convinced of his error by Theophilus Parsons and 
others, and declared in the assembly just before the final 
question was given, his determination to vote in the afiirma- 

204 REV. CHARLES TURNER. [177^. 

live, and his reasons for it. This came rather unexpectedly 
on the ears of the opposite side, and one of their number, Dr. 
Matthew Spring, a member from Watertovvn, immediately 
rose and exclaimed, " i/e//>», Lord, for the godly man ceus- 
eth!'' He was also a member of the convention which 
formed the State constitution, and several years a State sen- 
ator. He was appointed chaplain of the castle in Boston 
harbor, and for three years preached there to the convicts. 
After his establishment in 1790, he was met by Judge Par- 
sons, who esteemed him very highly, and who congratulated 
him on his appointment. '"Why do you so 7 "asked Mr. 
Turner. " Because,"' replied the judge, " your hearers are 
convicted already, and you will have nothing to do but to 
convert them." Another anecdote is related of him. On one 
occasion on leaving the chapel, he passed the famous Stephen 
Burroughs, who had been compelled for some misdemeanor, 
"to ride the wooden horse." Mr. Turner observing him, 
said, "Why, Burroughs, what are you doing here]" "I 
am running, sir, the christian race, steadfast and immove- 
able," was the quick reply of Burroughs.* Mr. Turner 
afterwards settled in the town of Turner, Maine, where he 
died in 1813, at the advanced age of 81. In his private and 
public life, virtue and integrity, firmness and decision, equali- 
ty of feelings, mildness of disposition, and a bland and 
courteous deportment, secured for him the alfections of those 
with whom he was associated; and the happy influences of 
his holy deeds of benevolence, of purity and of religion, still 
breathe upon the mind of the present generation, exerted by 
a kind remembrance in the hearts of their elders, who were 
the partakers of his toils, and the recipients of his goodness. 
Going from their midst, he carried with him the good wishes 
of all who knew him. In his character, Mr. Turner was 
thoughtful and contemplative,! and his life a continual series 
of thoughts and meditations. His mind was studious, and 
his heart eager for the discharge of every duty which became 
him as a Christian, and a man. He was, as one of his people 
called him, a man with whom you could not dill'er, a peace 
maker, and yet a man of few words. 

During the interim between the dismission of Mr. Turner 
and the settlement of another minister, invitations were given 

* Rev. Benjamin Kent's notes. 

• Mr. Kent tells the following anecdote. It happened that a short time 
after his return to his fatiier's house, as one morning his father entered his 
room, he said "Father, I have been conleinplating." " Yes, Charles," 
said his father interrupting, "you are always contemplating ; but I wish 
you would go to work and do something." 


by a vote of the church, July 23d, 1775, (concurred in by the 
town, Aug. 7th,) to Mr. John Shaw; and by another, Nov. 
7th, (by the town Dec. 25th,) to Mr. Samuel Henshaw, to 
settle in the ministry : but both of these gentlemen refused. 

Rev. Zedekiah Sanger,* a graduate of H, C. of the class of 
1771, was the next settled pastor of the church. The church 
voted to invite him to become their pastor on the Sth of Feb., 
1776, which was concurred in by the town (May 11th,) and 
Mr. Sanger returned the following acceptance on the 19th of 
the last month : — 

"Honored Fathers and Brethren — 

Not long since you were pleased to give me an invitation to 
settle with you in the work of the Gospel ministry. And 
that being a matter of grea't importance, I have taken it into 
my most serious and deliberate consideration, and have been 
seeking direction of God, the father of lights and the foun- 
tain of wisdom. And as God often makes use of instruments 
to conmiunicate his mind, and as in his word he has told us, 
that in the multitude of counsellors, there is safety, I have 
taken the advice of my Rev"^ Fathers in the ministry, and 
my relatives, and am now determined, and do accept of your 
friendly invitation. 

And now luider a conviction of my insufficiency for this 
great work, I entreat your earnest prayers to Almighty God 
for me, that I may have grace and wisdom given me, faith- 
fully to discharge the duties of this arduous station. 

I sympathize with you under that afflictive dispensation of 
Providence, which has deprived you of the skillful and faith- 
ful labors of your late worthy pastor in the meridian of his 

* He was born at Sherburne, Oct. 4th, 1748, and was descended from 
Richard Sanger, a blacksmith, who removed from Sudbury to Waiertown, 
where he died, Aug. ^Oih, 1691. His wife was Mary, and his son Richard, 
(b. Feb. 22d, 1667,) m. Elizabeth Morse, and his son Richard, (b. Nov. 
4th, 1706,) m. Deborah Rider, Feb. 19th, 1730, and died 1786, having had 
ten children, the eighth of whom was the minister of Duxbury. 

Mr. Sanger m. Irene Freeman, 1771, and their children were Richard, 
1778, H. C. 1800, m. Sally Tisdall of Taunton, 1807; Deborah, 1779, m. 
John Ames, Jr., 1799; Joseph, 1781, m. Hannah, da. of Dr. Marcy, 1812; 
Caroline, 1782, m. Rev. Samuel Clark, 1810; Zedehah, 1784; Samvel F., 
1788, m. Susan, da. of Caleb Alden ; Olive, m. Georpe Moore of Burling- 
ton, 1815; Ralph, H. C. 1808, m. Charlotte, da. of Ezra Kingman, Esq., 
1817, and settled in the ministry at Dover; Sarah; and Eliza. — Barry'' s 
Hist. Framingham, 387 — Hist. Bridgewater — Dux. Records. 


life and the height of his iisefiihiess : and I sincerely join my 
supplications with yours to the Throne of Grace, tliat his life 
may be continued, that he may be recovered from his weak- 
ness, and be restored to a confirmed state of health, and to 
his former nselulness, and be an eminent blessing to the 
world, in that department of life in which Providence shall 
place him. 

And though I am sensible of my imfitness to stand in the 
place of my honored predecessor, yet notwithstanding my 
great deficiency, I beseech you not to cease in your prayers 
for me, that 1 may in some measure be enriched with those 
amiable graces and shining accomplishments, whicli ap- 
peared in his public and private life; and that by deriving 
grace and wisdom from the head of the church, in whom are 
hid all tlie treasures of wisdom and knowledge, I may deliver 
unto every one his portion in due season, and by the divine 
blessing attending my labors n)ay be made instrumental in 
bringing many sons and daughters amongst you into the fold 
of Christ, the great shepherd and bishop of souls, and the 
cause of the Redeemer. And though you may find many 
imperfections in me and my services, yet I hope you will 
never have any just occasion to say or think, but that your 
best interest lies nearest my heart. 

I conclude by wishing that you may be directed by wisdom 
from above in all your future proceedings, and that the spirit 
of Unity^ Love and Peace may be with you, and the divine 
blessing rest upon us all. I subscribe myself your friend and 
humble servant, Zedekiah Sanger." 

He was ordained July 3d, 177G. The services were a 
prayer by Rev. Mr. Smith of Pembroke; a sermon by Rev. 
Elijah Brown of Sherburn, from Malachi ii, 7; the charge 
by Rev. William Rand of Kingston; and the right hand of 
fellowship by Rev. Gad Hitchcock of Pembroke. They con- 
cluded with a prayer by the Rev, William Shaw of Marsh- 

Mr. Sanger's first sermon was from the text in Lev. xxv, 
10, "And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim 
liberty throughout all the land imto all the inhabitants there- 
of," having reference to the Declaration of Independence, 
which had but just been proclaimed. 

1780, Oct. 13th. "Voted that the psalms should be sung 
without being read line by line by the great majority." 

1781, Feb. 2d. The town passed a vote to build a new meet- 
ing-house, which was erected the same year, midway between 
the North and South boundaries of the town. The building 
was raised Aug. 12th, 1784, and on the 18th June, 1785, it 
was first occupied for worship. This stood nearly sixty 

1788.] RE^^- JOHN ALLYN. 207 

years, when it was torn down to give place to the present 
edifice on the same site. The burying ground adjoining, was 
first used in 1787. 

1786, April 3d. The church held a meeting when Mr, 
Sanger asked a dismission. The consideration ol' the request, 
however, was deferred until the 6th of the month, which was 
Thanksgiving day. After the services they took it into seri- 
ous and deliberate consideration, and "on account of his 
infirmities in his eyes, which rendered him unable to pursue 
his stndies, and the improbability of his being able to dis- 
charge the duties of the ministerial office in future," a dismis- 
sion was granted him. It was nevertheless desired that he 
should be the moderator of the church, until it should become 
into a more settled state. On the 10th of the same month, 
the town cpncurred. Mr. Sanger's salary was £80 per annum. 

Mr. Sanger was afterwards settled over the church in South 
Bridge water, Dec. 17th, 1788, as colleague to the Rev. John 
Shaw, and here he died. Nov. 17th, 1820, aged 73. He died, 
says Judge Mitchell, "after a life of usefulness and great 
activity. He was a scholar and learned divine. His house 
was. a seminary in which he prepared young men for college 
and instructed young students in divinity. Ho was also 
preceptor of the academy, and enjoyed in a high degree the 
affection and respect of his people." 

Previous to his removal to Bridgewater, he engaged in 
navigation in Duxbury ; but was very unsuccessful, two of 
his vessels having been destroyed by lightning. 

1787, April 9th. The town extended an invitation to Mr. 
Jacob Haven to become their pastor, and he refused. 

1788, May 7th. To Mr. Alden Bradford, who refused. 

Rev. John Allyn * was the next settled pastor. The town 
voted to call him to the ministry, Sept. 1st, 1788. He accept- 
ed on the 12th of October, and was ordained on the 3d of De- 

* He was born at Barnstable, Mass., March 2Ist, 1767. Deane (Hist. 
Scitnate) conjectures that he was descended from John Allen, who was of 
Plymouth 1633, Scituate 1646, and died 1661, whose wife was Ann, and 
whose children were Capt. John of Scituate, in 16U8, and a daughter Jeane, 
who married John Marshall. 

Dr. Allyn pursued the preparatory studies for admission to college under 
the care of the Rev Mr. Hilliard of Barnstable. He entered Harvard Col- 
lege in 1781, and took the degree of A. B. in 1785, and that of A. M. in 
1788. Shortly before his graduation he was seized with a severe and violent 
sickness, which prevented him from appearing in the part assigned him at 

208 REV. JOHN ALLYN. [1833. 

cernber. The sermon was by the Rev. Samuel West of North 
Bridgewater, (2 Tim. li. 15): charge by Rev. Dr. Hitchcock 
of Pembroke; right hand of fellowship by Rev. David Barnes 
of Scitnate. These performances were printed. 

1790, April 5th. Voted, that the ^^acred Scriptnres should 
be read in tiic meeting-house every Lord's day by the minister. 

1804. The church library was commenced. 

1825, December. Dr. Allyn asks a colleague. See under 
Rev. Benj. Kent. 

1833, July 19th. Died, Dr. Allyn, in his 67th year. His 
death occurred on Friday, and he was buried on Monday, in 
the tomb of the Hon. George Partridge. Several obituary 
notices of his death appeared in the newspapers at the time. 
The following sketch is cliiefly an abstract from a memoir by 
his son-in-law. Rev. Convers Francis, which was pnbhshed 
in the Mass. Hist. Society's Collections, of which association 
he was a member. 

The ministry of Dr. Allyn was long, and for the most part 
happy. He discliarged his duties with uniform fidelity and 
ability. He was the personal friend as well as the spiritual 
guide of his people — heartily devoted to their temporal and 
eternal welfare; judicious, but fearless in rebuking sin; wise 
and faithful in the administration of the interests of religion. 
He was the benefactor of the poor, the comforter of the dis- 
tressed, the counsellor of all. His professional reputation was 
such as to secure his rank among the first clergymen in the 
comnionwealth. His opinion was valued, and his aid sought 
in those ways, which implied that his judgment was regarded 
with respectful confidence. After the settlement of his col- 
league, he seldom engaged in any public service, as his 
strength and spirits were constantly declining. It will be 
conceded by all who knew Dr. Allyn, that in the general cast 
of his mind there was much striking originality. He was 
seldom content to express his thoughts as other men, and ex- 
hibited all his ideas in such relations, as to give them the in- 
terest of novelty. He manifested a strong disposition to avoid 
the beaten track of thought, and thereby often expressed him- 

Commencement. In his einfhteenth year he left the college. During his 
academic course he was distinouished hy persevering industry, and by a 
development of talent, which gave him a high rank among the members of 
his class. Returning to Barnstable, he was engaged some time in instruc- 
tion. Then determining to devote himself to the ministry, he studied the- 
ology under the direction of the Rev. Dr. Samuel West of Dartmouth. — 3 
Mass. Hist. Coll. V.245. Dr. Allyn married Abigail Bradford. Ills chil- 
dren were Riifus Bradford, March 27lh, 1793, grad. at II. C. 1810 ; John, 
June 24th, 17!M, died March 7th, 1824, unmarried, grad. at H. C. 1814 ; 
Abigail Bradford, Jan. 13th, 1796, married the Rev. Convers Francis, of 
Watertown ; Augusta, Aug. 18th, 1800, died unmarried ; James, Oct. 30th, 

1833.] REV. JOHN ALLYN. 209 

self in a manner which might frequently admit of misconstruc- 
tion. A man who unites with such a disposition an incau- 
tious frankness of conversation, is very liable to be mistaken, 
and this was the case with Dr. Allyn ; but those, who were 
familiar with him, recognized in these very expressions his 
far-reaching wisdom, and were struck with the felicitous nov- 
elty with which they were arrayed. His imagination was 
rich, but peculiar, though by no means poetical ; it was the 
homely, yet playful one of strong common sense. He had 
none of that patience of investigation, which arrives at results 
through a long process; but delighted to v/ander from topic to 
topic, as they were suggested by resemblances and relations. 

His conversation also possessed a peculiar zest, which 
few of those who had the pleasure of listening to it, will ever 
forget, and hardly can the deep impressions caused by it be 
eradicated. His benevolence was proverbial, and he gave his 
charities almost to a fault. If ever a man lived free from 
the debasing influences of selfishness, it was Dr. Allyn, and 
none in doing good took more delight. His piety was sincere, 
rational and constant. Few men had more of the reality of 
religion, and less of its trappings, which are sometimes mis- 
taken for its essence. If there are those, who thought that 
he might justly be charged with speaking lightly of sacred 
subjects, they must remember that his views were expressed 
upon the appendages and speculations which men have con- 
nected with religion, and by no means upon its solemn truths. 

His sermons were not distinguished for popular eloquence; 
but were adapted to be useful in the most effectual maimer. 
In his illustrations of the scriptures, lie was always pertinent 
and impressive. In his religious opinions he was independent 
of" all denominations, and no one was ever less shackled in 
his belief; though he always expressed a great dislike of 
religious controversy. As a scholar he stood high. In early 
life he directed his attention to the perusal of books; but 
latterly he most delighted in the observation of man and 

Thus was Dr. Allyn in the days of the full power of 
his intellectual endowments. The latter part of his life was 
darkened by disease, suffering and decay, when a premature 
feebleness came upon him. He was gradually reduced to 
bodily helplessness and mental prostration, by the effects of a 

His published writings are not many. In the summer of 
1807, he was employed on a mission to Maine, for propagat- 
ing tlie gospel among the Indians. He was elected a member 
of the Mass. Hist. Soc. in 1799 ; of the American Academy 
of Arts and Sciences in 1808; and received the degree of 
Doctor of Divinity from Harvard College in 1813. 


Rev. Benjamin Kent was ordained as colleague to Dr. 
Allyn, on the 7th of June, 1S20. After a short, but trying 
and very laborious ministry, he was obliged to ask his dismis- 
sion, wliich was granted on the 7th of June, 1S33. 

The time has not yet come, when it would be becoming to 
speak of his faithful labors, among a people, who by him were 
much beloved, and from whose midst he was separated not 
without deep sorrow. 

To the unwearied labors of Mr. Kent, the town owed much 
for the establishment at that time of a High school, which chief- 
ly through his instrumentality was commenced, and by his ex- 
ertions a sum sufficiently large was raised for its maintenance, 
and teachers, eminently qualified for the duties of instructors, 
were procured. It was first imder the charge of Mr. George 
Putnam, now the Reverend Doctor P. of Roxbury, who was 
succeeded by Mr. William Augustus Stearns, who has since 
been settled as pastor of the church at Cambridgeport. 

Rev. Josiah Moore, the next pastor, was settled over tlie 
church in 1834, over the affairs of which he still continues to 



The following Registers have been prepared, not without 
much labor ; yet they are presented with a consciousness of 
their great and many imperfections. However, it is hoped 
that no considerable and important omissions have occurred, 
especially among the earliest settlers and inhabitants of the 
town; though among the families of later times many deli- 
ciences may happen. It has been my endeavor to give the 
families previous to about 17S0 in as perfect a state as the re- 
cords and other documents within my reach would allow. It 
will be seen, that some families I have continued to the year 
1800, and some even far later; especially those concerning 
which my knowledge of the later generations was more com- 

It is to be hoped, that some one of all the various families 
which are registered here, will consider the importance of con- 
tinuing to a greater length the genealogy of his family, and 
bring it to a higher state of completion ; and should the slen- 
der accounts which I have gathered, be deemed suitable 
foundations of other memorials, and more extended biogra- 
phies, the object of my toil will have been accomplished. 

Perhaps a word may be necessary concerning the plan. 
The progenitor of a family is placed first, and (except in cases 
where there are more than one ancestor of the name,) is num- 
bered 1 ; as is also one of the progenitors (when there are 
more than one,) so marked ; while the other receives the next 
highest number after that of the last family of the descendants 
of the first progenitor. Immediately following the name of 
the father of a family, the brackets enclose the letters '• s. of — " 
(i.e. -'the son of,") followed by a figure referring to the 
family so numbered, where among the children of that family 
will be found the father's name, followed again by a figure in 
brackets referring forward to the original number. If a date 



follows immediatehj a name, it is that of the birth of that indi- 

The principal sources of my information have been the 
town and church records, the colony and probate records, and 
among printed works, Judge Mitchell's Bridgewater, and 
Deane's Scituate. Numerous other sources and authorities 
will be enumerated in their respective places. In tracing the 
branches of a family, frequently it has been carried into the 
neighboring towns, and in such cases the town is carefully 
noted. It is owing to the formation of several towns out of 
the original limits of Duxbury, that a family may now be 
noted as residents of another town, whose ancestors, though 
dwelling on the same estate, were given as inhabitants of 

A list of abbreviations, such as are used in the following 
pages, is here appended. Some others may perhaps occur, 
but they are such as will be readily understood. 

















Bridgew. Bridgewater. 







G. H. 

Green Harbor. 



S. R. 

South River. 



N. R. 

North River. 


admitted a freeman 



t sine proles, 



s. p. 

^ (without issue.) . 









Church records. 



Col. : 


Colony records. 



T. R( 


Town records. 





Probate records. 



II. C 

Harvard College. 
.T. W. 





1. Hon. John,* b. 1599, Plymouth, m. Priscilla Mullins, 
removed to Dux., and d. Sept. 12th, 1686, a3t. 87. He had 
ch'd—John, 1622 (2) ; Joseph, 1624 (3) ; Elizabeth, 1625, 
m. Wm. Pabodie; David. (4); Jonathan, 1627 (5); Sarah, 
m. Alexander Standish ; Ruth m. John Bass of Braintree, Feb. 
13, 1657; Mary ni. Thomas Delano. 

2. Capt. John, (s. of 1.) Dux; ad. 1648; removed to Bos- 
ton about Dec. 1659, and lived in the west part of the town 
at Alden's lane, now so called. He had command at different 
times of several of the Massachusetts armed vessels, and 
often visited the coast at the eastward, where the few English 
settlers were much exposed to the attacks of the French and 
Indians. He accompanied Major Church in his first expedi- 
tion in 1689 in the Mary sloop. In this as well as in all the 
other expeditions, he was of essential service to the forces, as 
he was well acquainted with the coast, and possessed of con- 
siderable skill in naval tactics. His brave and resolute spirit 
and his open heart gained for him the esteem of all. He 
again joined ihe second expedition to the eastward, and also 
in the fourth, in 1696, commanded the Brigantine Endeavor. 
He continued until late in life in command of the public 
vessels. In 1696 he went with a reinforcement to Col. 
Church in the Massachusetts transport, accompanied by Col. 
Hawthorn of Salem, and in the account of this expedition, 

* From what part of England he came, we have not been able to ascer- 
tain. A very few of the name appear to have been in England. In the 
London Directory of 1840 none appear. In Germany, on the continent, the 
name is more common. One has been a graduate of Cambridge, England. 
A Mr. Alden, of Bedford county, a scholar of St. John's College, suffered 
the tyrannical Bartholomew act. The name of Robert Alden appears 
among the names of the merchant adventurers of Plymouth, 1C26. 

Arms. Guillim (Desplay of Heraldry) gives the following coat. "He 
beareth gules, three crescents within a border engrailed ermine by the name 
of Alden. This coat was assigned 8th Sept. 1607, by' Wm. Camden, 
ciarencieux, to John Alden of the Middle Temple." Alden's Epitaphs, in. 
Burke and Edmonson give the same arms, placing a bezant between the 
crescents, and add a crest — " Out of a ducal coronet per pale gules and sa- 
ble a demi lion or." This (add they) is borne by the Aldens of Hertford- 
shire and the Temple, London, and granted 1607. The following is also 
given as borne by the Aldens — " Or, a bat's wing gules, surmounted by 
another azure," with a " crest, out of a coronet argent t\vo wings as in the 
arms." Edmonson (vol. i. p. 78) gives also — " Alden or Aldon, Gules a 
mullet argent between two, crescents ermine, within a bordure engrailed of 

214 ALDEN. 

given by Church he is called "old Mr. Alden," being at this 
time over seventy years of age. He did not probably after- 
wards engage actively in the campaigns. He d. Mar. 14th, 
1702, a3t. SO. and his will is dated Feb. 17th, preceding. He 
makes his sons John and William his executors, and it is 
witnessed by Thomas Savage, Chas. Chauncey, and Edward 
Tnrfrey. His estate amounted to £20.59 lis. Id. ; including a 
wooden house £400, a brick house, (bought of Samuel Jack- 
son,) £270, and debts due the estate, " most of which are 

desperate," £12.59. He m. Elizabeth , and had Mary 

Dec. 17th, 1659; m. 2d, Elizabeth Everill (widow of Abiel 
Everill, who d. Apr. 1st, 1660, and she was da. of Maj. Wm. 
Phillips of Saco) ; and by her, had John, Nov. 20, 1660; 
Elizabeth^ May 9, 1662, d. July 14, 1662; John, Mar. 12, 
1663 (6); William, Mar. 16, 1664, d. young; Elizabeth, 
Apr. 9, 1665, m. a Walley, m. 2d, (before Aug. 4, 1704) a 
Williard ; William, Mar. 5, 1666, d. young; Zachariah, 
Mar. 8, 1667, d. young; William, Sept. 10, 1669(7); A^a- 
thaniel, a. 1670 (S) ; 2^achariah, Feb. 18, 1673 (9); Nathan, 
Oct. 17, 1677; Sarah, Sep. 27, 1681. 

3. Joseph, (s. of 1,) Dux.; ad. 1657; removed to Bridgew. ; 
inherited land there, and at Middleboro' ; m. Mary Simiuons. 
His will is dated Dec. 14, 1696, and his estate amounted to 
£76. His chd. were Isaac, Josc{)h, John — For a full and 
extended account of their descendants, see Thayer's Family 
Memorial, Alden's Epitaphs, and Judge Mitchell's Bridge- 

4. David, (s. of 1.) Dux. ; was much employed in the 
public business of the town, one of its selectmen, its deputy, 
and likewise an assistant in the Government. He was like- 
wise a prominent member of the church, said to have been 
one of its deacons, and a man of the highest respectability. 
He received a grant of 40 acres in 1679, west of South river. 
He m. Mary South worth, tie had Bcnja7nin (iO) ; Sainnel 
(11); Alice m. Judah Paddock, and d. cct. 93. 

5. Capt. Jonathan, (s. of 1,) Dux. ; inherited the home- 
stead; d. Feb., 1697, leaving an estate of £309. He m. 
Abigail Hallett,* Dec. 10, 1672. She d. Aug. 17, 1725, ajt. 

* This name on the Dux. Records appears to be Ralat, as it has been 
frequently copied ; but the following abstract from the will of Andrew 
Hallett of Yarmouth, shows that it was intended for Ilalat, that is, Hallett. 
His will is dated June 4, 1GB 1, and mentions his wife Ann, who survived 
him, and sons .lohn (who was b. Dec. 11, 1050,) and Jonathan (who was 
b. 20 Nov., 1047,) and daughters ]\lchctablc, Abigail the wife of Jonathan 
Alden, and Ruhamath, who m. Mr. Uonin (and had Timothy, Hannah, 
Eleazer, Hezekiah and John). Mr. Ilallett's estate amounted to X"118(>, 
including X"909 in real estate. 

ALDEN. 215 

81, and was buried in the old burying ground, where her 
stone now stands. His cliildren were Andrew (12); Jona- 
than (13); John 1G80 (14) ; and Betijamin (15). 

6. John, (s. of 2,) Boston. At the time of the Salem witch- 
craft, he was sent for by the magistrates of that town upon 
the accusation of several poor distracted and possessed crea- 
tures or witches. Upon his examination, these wretches 
began their juggling tricks, falling down and crying out, and 
staring in the faces of the people in an impudent manner. 
The magistrates demanded of them several times, who it was 
of all the people in the room, that afflicted them ; one of the 
accusers pointed several times at one Capt. Hill ; but said 
nothing, until a man standing behind her to hold her up, 
stooped down to her ear, when she immediately called out, 
"Alden, Alden afflicted her." Being asked if she had ever 
seen Alden, she replied No; but, said she, the man told her 
so. All were then ordered into the street, and a ring was 
made; when she cried out — "There stands Alden, a bold 
fellow, with his hat on, sells powder and shot to the Indians," 
&c. Capt. Alden was then committed to custody, and his 
sword taken from him, for it was with this, they said, he 
afflicted them. He was next ordered before the magistrates 
at the meeting-house and placed on a chair, to the open view 
of all the assembly. The accusers again cried out, that 
Alden pinched them, while he stood on the chair, and one of 
the magistrates bade the marshal hold open his hands that he 
might not touch them. Mr. Gidney, one of the justices, bid 
Capt. Alden confess and give glory to God. Capt. Alden 
replied that he hoped he should always give glory to God, 
but never would gratify the devil. He next asked, why they 
thought he should come to that village to afflict persons that 
he had never seen before, and appealed to all, and particularly 
challenged Mr. Gidney to produce a charge against his char- 
acter. Mr. Gidney replied, that he had known him for many 
years, and had been to sea with him, and always believed 
him to be an honest man ; but now he saw cause to alter his 
opinion. He then asked Gidney what reason could be given 
why his looking upon him did not strike him down as well 
as his miserable accusers ; but no reason could be given. He 
assured Gidney, that a lying spirit was in his accusers, and 
that there was not a word of truth in all they said of him. 
Capt. Alden was however committed to prison. May 31st, 
1692, wliere he remained fifteen weeks, when having been 
prevailed upon by his friends, he made his escape, and ab- 
sented himself until the people recovered the use of their 
reason. He chose Duxbury as the place of his concealment, 
and here he remained at the house of one of his relatives, 
where he arrived late in the evening after his escape, and 

216 ALDEN. 

saluted them with the cheerful assurance that " he was come 
from the devil, and the devil was after him." He m. Ehza- 
beth, who d. Nov. 26, 1719, set. 50; m. 2d, Susanna; he d. 
Feb. 1. 1729-30, a3t. 67. He had chd. Elizabeth, Nov. 7, 
1687; Hannah, Nov. 20, 1688; John, Sep. 20, 1690 (16); 
Mary, Dec. 15, 1691; Catharine, Aug. 19. 1697, d. Oct. 31, 
1702; Gillam and ^;^?^, (twins,)' July 7, 1699. An Anna 
Alden m. Henry Burchsted of Lynn, 20 May, 1728; Nathan- 
iel, July 6, 1700; Thomas, b. & d. Aug. 13, 1701 ; Catharine, 
Sep. 17, 1704; Thomas, Mar. 1, 1707: William, May 9, 
1710, d. Dec. 27, 1714. 

7. Capt. William, (s. of 2,) Boston; a sea captain; in 1708, 
commanded the ship Content; and he frequently performed 
voyages to Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and the eastern 
coast, as well as to Barbadoes and the West Indies. He m. 
Mary Drewry, May 21, 1691; she was b. July 10, 1672, and 
d. Feb. 11, 1727, a3t. 56; he d. Feb. 10, 1728. at. 60. He 
had chd.— Mary. Feb. 10, 1693, d. Oct. 22. 1702; Eliza- 
beth, Mar. 10, 1695; William., July 23, 1697; Lydia, Dec. 
22, 1701; Mary, June 12, 1706; Drewry, May 12, 1708; 
John, Jan. 22, 1711. 

8. Nathaniel, (s. of 2,) Boston ; d. a. 1702, leaving an 
estate of £86; m. Hepzibah Mountjoy, Oct. 1, 1691; she m. 
2d, John Mortemore, June 8, 1703. He had Mary, Aug. 20, 
1692; Nathajiiel, Aug. 6, 1694 (19); Elizabeth; Hepzibah, 
m. Nathaniel Hayward, April 28, 1718 ; Philip, Dec. 31, 

9. Zachariah, (s. of 2,) Boston; H. C. 1692; m. Mary 
Viall. 1700, Jan. 13; d. 1709; had Zachariah, Oct. 11, 1701, 

Note. Mary, m. Joseph Brightraan, 3 Oct., 17J4; Elizabeth, m. 
Thomas Batterby, 26 July, 1720, Boston Records. 

10. Benjamin, (s. of 4,) Dux.; m. Hannah, who died Jan. 
8, 1763, 0Dt. 74|^ years; had 3Iary, Jan. 1, 1710, m. Dr. John 
Wadsworth, Dec. 31, 1734; Sarah, April 5, 1712; Elizabeth, 
Sept. 12, 1714, d. July 9, 1771, xt. 56, of apoplexy; David, 
Feb. 14, 1717, removed to Maine; Ichabod, Oct. 5, 1719; 
Bezaleel, May 15, 1722 (21); Wrestling, Oct. 11, 1724 (22); 
Abiathar, July 29, 1731 (23). 

11. Capt. Samuel, (s. of 4,) Dux. ; m. Sarah Sprague Feb. 
26, 1728 ; he d. Feb. 24, 1781, ict. 92 yrs. 2 mos. and 3 days; 
she died March 28, 1773, let. 71 years ; had Rebecca, Jan. 4, 
1730, m. Capt. Thomas Frazier Nov. 27, 1760; Sarah, Dec. 
2, 1731, m. Col. Camahel Bradford; John, March 30, 1734, 
d. at Crown Point, 1761, ait. 27; Aleihea, Sept. 5, 1735, m. 
Wm. Loring Jan. 8, 1767 (her name on the records is Alice) ; 

ALDEN. 217 

Samuel, Aug. 13, 1737 (24); Ichabod, Aug. 11, 1739 (25); 
Abigail, m. Rev. Francis Winter Oct. 27, 1768. 

12. Andrew, (s. of 5,) Dux. ; removed to Lebanon, Ct. ; m. 
Lydia Stanford Feb. 4, 1714; had Jabin Nov. 19, 1714; John 
July 23, 1716 (26); Prince, Oct. 28, 1718 (27); Andrew, 
June 20, 1721 (28); Walter, m. widow Irene Blackmore ; 
Lydia, m. Seth Alden ; William (29). 

13. Jonathan, (s. of 5,) Dux. ; removed to Lebanon, Ct. ; 
m. Elizabeth, widow of Anthony Waterman of M. ; had 
Josiah; Selh, 1721, m. Lydia Alden; Anthony, 1720; Austin, 
1729, March 25, settled in Gorham, near Portland, Me., and 
was a deacon of the chh. His chd. were Humphrey, 1763, 
alive 1839, and other sons and da's, in Me. — Humphrey Aus- 
tin, son of Humphrey and Mary Alden, was b. 26 Sept. 1794, 
at Boston. — Boston records. 

14. Col. John, (s. of 5,) Dux.; inherited the old domain. 
He d. July 24, 1739, set. 59 ; m. Hannah Briggs 1709, who d. 
Feb. 8, 1740, in her 55th year. She was a da. of Capt. John 
Briggs, whose wife was most probably Deborah Hawke, and 
his father was Walter of Scituate, whose wife was Frances. 
His chd. were John, Oct. 7, 1710, d. Oct. 15. 1712 ; Samuel, 
Nov. 7, 1712 (30) ; Capt. Judah, Aug. 10, 1714, was bred to 
the sea, and died, while in command of a merchantman, on 
his passage to Scotland, having shortly before married Miss 
Row of Boston ; Anna, June 14, 1716 (family record), and, 
" June y« 2"*^ anno 1716," (town records,) m. Benja. Loring 
Feb. 8, 1739; Deborah, May 16, 1721, d. Oct. 2, 1730; 
Briggs, June 8, 1723 (31) ; Abigail, Feb. 27, 1727, m. Col. 
Anthony Thomas of M., and had Maj. Briggs, Waterman, 
and Judah. 

15. Dea. Benjamin, (s. of5,) Dux.; a carpenter, m. Han- 
nah; — " Dea. Benjamin Alden deceased and was drowned 
[near the Gurnet,] April y^ 14*'' — anno domini — 1741. The 
widow Hannah Alden, his wife, deceased Jan'ry y^ 8, 1763." 
Town records. 

16. John, (s. of 6,) Boston ; removed to Needham ; m. Anna 
Braine May 1, 1718; m. 2d Thankful Parker, Nov. 26, 1728, 
had John, Nov. 29, 1719, d. young; Anna, Jan. 29, 1722; 
Benjamin, Sept. 18, 1724 ; Jemima, Mar. 9, 1730, d. young ; 
John, Oct. 9, 1731, settled in Vermont; Alice, July 12, 1733, 
m. Jona. Capron of Attleboro' ; Henry, Nov. 27, 1734, of Need- 
ham ; Dea. Silas, Oct. 23, 1736 (see the Family Memorial); 
Samuel, 1743 (see ditto) ; Moses, d. young; Moses ; Thomas, 
of Middlebury, Vt. ; Thankful ; and Mary, m. Samuel Paine 
of Roxbury. 

17. Henry, (s. of—,) Dedham; d. Feb. IS, 1730; m. 
Deborah; had William, Aug. 14, 1709, m. Ruth and had 


218 ALDEN. 

Mary, who died May 29, 1714 — Ruth, the w. d. Dec. 17, 

18. Thomas, (s. of — .) Boston; ra. Jane; had Thomas, 10 
June, 1125; William, 26 Oct., 1727; John, 30 Oct., 1729. 

19. Nathaniel, (s. of 8.) Boston: m. jMary and had Eliza- 
beth, Aug. 3, 1730; Nathaniel, 1731, d. Feb. 25, 1740; Han- 
nah, Jane 3, 1735. 

20. Zachariah, (s. of 9,) Boston; m. Jemima and had 
Mary, Mar. 8, 1725; m. 2d, Lydia Crane of Milton, Nov. 
17, 172S, and had Lydia, June 3, 1730; Zachariah, July 20, 
1731; Mary, July 6, 1733. 

21. Bezaleel, (s. of 10,) Dux. : m. liydia Bartlett, Dec. 
22, 1748, and d. Feb. 9, 1799, eet. 70 ; she d. Mar. 24, 1810, 
ast. 84; had Benjamin, a faitliful and efficient school master 
for many years, clerk of the town, was never m. and d. Jan. 
8, 1835, GBt. 85 ; Lydia, 1755, d. unrn., Nov. 1812, at. 60; 
Isaiah, Nov. 26, 1758, (32). 

22. AVrestling, (s. of 10,) Dux; m. Elizabeth , who 

d. Mar. 24, 1807, at. 81; he d. Sep. 4, 1813, a3t. nearly 89; 
had Michael Feb. 9, 1749, d. num., Nov. 19, 1841, aet. 91; 
Bartlett, Mar. 22, 1750; Wrestling, June 14, 1751; a son, 
Jan. 24, 1753; Priscilla, 1756, d. unm. ; Sarah, 1758; Pat- 
mos, 1759, d. unm., xYpril 14, 1836, set. 77; Elizabeth, 1761, 
d. num.. Mar. 25, 1836, get. 74; Abiathar, 1763; Sabra, 
1764, d. unm., Jan. 1, 1842, act. 77; Mary, 1767, d. unm.; 
Hannah, 1769, m. John Sampson, Nov. 28, 1791. 

23. Dr. Abiathar, (s. of 10,) a physician of uncommon 
metaphysical talents; removed to Saco, Me. Sabine (Am. 
Loyahst.) states concerning hiin, that he was one of the two 
lories of Saco and Biddeford at the beginning of the Revolu- 
tion. At one time an armed whig party took him, placed 
him on his knees on a large cask, and with their guns pre- 
sented to his body, told him to recant his opinions or suffer 
instant death. He signed the required confession and was 
released. Subsequently he removed to Scarborough in the 
same Slate. 

24. Samuel, (s. of 11,) Dux.; m. Abigail Sylvester, July 
21, 1774; he d. Feb. 29, 1799; she d. Sep. 11, 180() ; had 
Sa7nucl, June 12, 1778, d. young; Abigail, m. Ebenezer 
Waterman ; Lucy, m. Michael Soule ; Nancy, unm. 

25. Col. Ichabod, (s. of 11,) Dux.; he was kl'd at Cherry 
Valley. He m. Mary Wakelicld, who afterwards m. Col. 
Calvin Partridge, did. — John, Nov. 25, 1774, (33); Rebec- 
ca Partridge, Aug. 7, 1777, in. Constant, son of Miles Samp- 

26. John, (s. of 12,) Ct. ; m. Elizabeth Ripley, and iiad 

ALDEN. 219 

Parthema^ m. Woodbridge Little, Esq. ; Violetta, m. Isaac 
Fitch; John; Judah, a captain of the Rev. army; Gen. 
Roger, of Pennsylvania; Elizabeth. 

27. Prince, (s. of 12,) Ct. ; m. Mary Fitch, had Mary; 
Mason Fitch; Abigail; Sarah; Lydia; Andrew. 

28. Andrew, (s. of 12,) m. Rebecca Stanford, and had 

29. William, (s. of 13.) m. a Metcalf; and had Eunice; 
William; Jabin ; Sarah; Lydia; Andrew. 

30. Capt. Samuel, (s. of 14.) Dux. ; he was bred a sailor, 
and soon rose to the command of a merchant ship ; and 
finally settled in England, at Bristol, as a merchant, and cor- 
responding with Samuel Partridge of Boston, Mass. He m. 
in Eng. Edith, but died without issue, in 1744, set. 32. He 
bequeathed the homestead which he had inherited to his 
brother Col. Briggs Alden. He also left about £10,0U0 in 
personal property, the interest of which his widow was to 
have during her life, and after her it was to go to his sisters 
Mrs. Loring and Mrs. Thomas, and his brother Col. Alden. 
This property was in the charge of guardians, who leased it 
to Carolinian merchants, and scarcely £800 was ever recov- 

31. Col.-Briggs, (s. of 14,) Dux. ; resided at the family 
mansion ; he married Mercy Wadsworth Nov. 19, 1741, and 
she d. May 20, 1812, at. STj years ; he d. Oct. 4, 1796, set. 74; 
he had Hannah^ Oct. 24, J 743, m. Capt. John Gray of Boston 
Jan. 6, 1767, and d. 1790, set. 47; John, Jan. 24, 174.5, who 
was " drowned on his passage, Novem'' y^ 17**^ 1766, as he 
was coming from Casco bay to Duxborough, in y^ 23*^ year of 
his age ;" Deborah, Aug. 7, 1748, d. 1792, m. Caleb Coffin, 
of Nantucket, Feb. 12, 1767, m. 2d Isaac Belknap of New- 
burgh, N. Y., and by her first husband had Caleb, Hannah, 
Fanny, and by her second had Briggs, Lydia, Judah, m. Bet- 
sy, widow of Seth Winsor, and Deborah, who m. Seth Brooks, 
now of E. Boston: Mnj. Judah, Oct. 31, 17.50 (34) ; Samuel, 
July 1, 1751, d. Nov. 1778, get. 27; Nathaniel, May 30, 1752, 
m. Rebecca Ripley, 1783, and settled in Maine; Edith, Jan. 
3, 1754, never m. ; d. Jan. 7, 1815. set. 51 ; Abigail, July 7, 
1755, m. Hon. Bezaleel Hayward of Bridgewater, Nov. 1784, 
he d. at Plymouth June 4, 1830, set. 78; Amherst, July 22, 
1759, never m. ; d. Dec. 20, 1804, get. 46 years. 

32. Isaiah, (s. of 21,) Dux. ; m. Mercy Weston, Jan. 1, 1787, 
who was b. June 29, 1767 ; had Ichabod, Nov. 4, 1788, m. 
Abigail Delano ; Isaiah, Dec. 17, 1789, of Scituate Harbor, 
m. Mercy Vinal, da. of Lemuel, the son of Israel, the son of 
Israel; Meraj, July 4, 1792; Benjamin, March 22, 1794, m. 

220 ALDEN. — AMES. 

Martha Sampson, da. of Bradford, and had Rebecca, 1833; 
Martha. Feb. 22, 1796 ; Ruth, Nov. 14, 1799 ; Pdeg, June 6, 
1806 ; James, xVpril 20, 1808, a hatter in Boston. 

33. Capt. John, (s. of 25,) Dux. ; m. Anna , and had 

Deborah, Jan. 30, 1802, d. May 16, 1804 ; Ichahod, Mar. 30, 
1806; Samuel, April 21, 1808; Deborah, June 5, 1815. 

34. Maj. JuDAH, (s. of 31.) Dux.; inherited the estate; m. 
Wealthea Wadsworth, who d. Mar. 3, 1841, aet. 81 years, and 
he d. Marcli 12, 1845, set. 94 years. He had chd. — Lvcia, 
Dec. 5, 1780, m. Capt. Svlvanus Smith ; Johti, Nov. 22, 1784 
(35) ; Brig-gs, Oct. 8, 1786 (36) ; 3Ierci/, Sept. 24, 1788, m. 
Capt. Henry R. Packard, who d. at sea, August 1834, set. 50, 
and she died March 18, 1840. ret. 53, and^lhey had Marcia, 
who m. Capt. Robert Welch, and Hannah James, the young 
poetess, who was born April 15, 1815, and d. Aug. 10, 1831, 
aet. 16; Jiidah, Aug. 11, 1790, d. Dec. 15, 1792; Wealthea, 
Aug. 13. 1792, m. William James of Scituate ; Hannah, Jan. 
4, 1795, d. April 25, 1804 ; Jiidah, June 9, 1797, d. April 20, 
1804 ; Martj Ann, March 12, 1801 ; and Samuel, Jan. 24, 
1803, a physician of Bridgewater. 

35. John, (s. of 34,) Dux. ; inherited the family domain; 
m. Mary Winsor, and had Mari/, Oct. 28, 1811, m. Daniel 
Sampson, m. 2d Capt. David Cushman; Joh7i, April 14, 1813, 
rn. a Brewster; Henry, Nov. 3, 1815, m. Sarah Ann Wood- 

36. Briggs, (s. of 34,) Dux. : m. Hannah, sister of William 
James ; he d. Jan. 4, 1840, a3t. 54; had Judah, July 22, 1820, 
d. Aug. 18, 1823; William James, Apr. 22, 1822, m. a Wood- 
ward: Lncia P., April 20, 1824; Judah, Aug. 24, 1825, m. 
Julia Whitney, Nov. 1848, Samuel, April 28, 1827; Amherst, 
May 15, 1832. 

Note. Rebecca is mentioned in the Col. Rec. 1661, as of marriageable 
age; Elizabeth, m. John Seabury Dec. 9, 1697; Anna, m. Josiah Snell 
Dec. 2, 1699. Mitchell says she was da. of a Zachariah Alden. Priscilla, 
m. Samuel Cheesbrook, Jan. 1699 ; Sarah, h. 1722, d. March 29, 1773, 
set. nearly 51 ; Alice, m. Oliver Seabury May 7, 1760. 


1. John, (s. of Richard of Burton, Somersetshire, England.) 
it is said, " came out of England for stealing a calf ;" Dux. 
1643; removed to Bridgew. ; m. Elizabeth Hay ward Oct. 20. 
1645, and d. s. p. 1()98, leaving a large estate to his B.'s heirsl 

2. Wn,i,iA>i, (IJ. of 1.) Dux.; removed to Bridgewater; has 
numerous descendants, including the orator, Fisher Ames, for 
whom see Mitchell's Hist. 



Joseph, Dux., 1654 — Abig-ail, 1647, m. John Wadswortb, 
July, 1667 ; Stephen, Dux., 1734, owned land at the beach. 


Gregory, Dux., 1638, permitted to dwell in Dux. " with 
the leave of the committees of that place :" d. at Plymouth, 
Nov. 5, 1650; m. Eleanor, widow of John Billington. 


Thomas, Dux., had Ruby Aug. 14, 1759; Thomas, March 
2, 1763. 


1. Rev. Samuel, M., minister of the chh. ; will dated Aug. 
19, 1693, bequeaths to Mr. Rowland Cotton " his great Latten 
Book, called Augustine Marloret, being an exposition of the 
New Testament;" his library was valued at £7| ; d. Sep. 1, 
1693 ; m. Elizabeth ; and had Seth (2) ; Rev. Samuel, ord. 
at Rochester, 1684. and d. before 1717; Elizabeth, m. Abram 

2. Capt. Seth, (s. of 1,) Dux.; had Edimrd, Mar. 20, 
1680 (3) ; Penelope, April 21, 1682 ; Desire, m. Ichabod 
Bartlett of M., Nov. 14, 1709; Betijatnin (4); Dea. Jaines, 
1699 (5) ; and perhaps Elizabeth, who m. Anthony Water- 
man, and 2d, Jona, Alden in 1718. 

3. Edward, (s. of 2,) Dux.; a justice of the peace; m. 
Mary Brewster, Oct. 8, 1706, had Ezra, July 30, 1707 (6) ; 
^Yill^mm, May 6, d. May 26, 1718. 

4. Benjamin, (s. of 2,) Dux. ; m. Hannah Bartlett, Mar. 8, 
1714; had Samuel, Feb. 1, 1716. 

5. Dea. James, (s. of 2,) Dux. ; m. Joanna Sprague, Oct. 
19, 1735, who d. May 19, 1766, get. nearly 51 ; he d. Sep. 25, 
1755, set. 56 ; had Bildad, Nov. 20, 1735 (7) ; Luther, Sep. 
1737; James, Sep. 23, 1740, d. Sep. 9, 1742; James, 1745; 
Benjamin, 1751, d. Jan. 18, 1776, in the camp at Roxbury. 

6. Ezra, (s. of 3.) Dux. ; m. Rebecca Sprague, July 27, 
1732 ; she d. Oct. 25, 1805, ajt. 95 ; he d. Feb. 18, 1780, at. 
72; had Seth, June 12, 1733, d. Mar. 14, 1819, set. 85; 
Gamaliel, Aug. 8, 1735, " about 6 of y^ clock in y^ morn- 

222 BAKER. 

ing;" Rebecca, a. 1642. d. Dec. 23, 1763; Edward, 1749, m. 
Susanna, who d. April 17, ISll, cet. 66; he d. Aug. 1, 1843, 
set. 93. and liad Oaks, Galen. Ezra, Jedediah, and Rebecca; 
William, 1750, d. Aug. 13, 1836, set. 86. 

7. Capt. Bildad, (s. of 5,) Dux. ; m. Mercy Seabury, Nov. 
26, 1766. and had Bildad, May 19, 1776, d. April 25, 1780; 
William, d. 1780. 

Note. Several early settlers of the name were in Rhode Island ; Ed- 
ward of Boston, d. 8 Aug., 1657; John, Cambiidge, Boston, 1660; 
Thomas, Watertown, had Ichabod and Richard, 1642 ; William, Hinghani, 


1. Samuel, (perh. s. of Rev. Nicholas of Scittiate.) M., m. 
1656, Eleanor, da. of Kenelrn Winslow ; m. 2d, 1677, Pa- 
tience Simmons; he d. 1699; had Kendm, 1657 (2); Lydia, 
1659; Elizabeth, 1661; Mary, 1662; Alice, 1663; Ellen, 
1665 ; Samuel, [by 2d av.,] m. Sarah Snow, 1699. 

2. Kenelm, (s. of 1,) M. ; m. Sarah Bradford ; had Kenelrn, 
m. Patience Doten of M., at Dux., Jan. 22, 1719; and 
Samuel (3). 

3. Samuel, (s. of 2.) Dux. : m. Ilannali Ford ; had Elea- 
nor, Sep. 21, 1727; Hannah, Feb. 25. 1729; Bethiah, March 
11, 1733, m. Henry Perry, Dec. 25, 1760; Huldah, June 23, 
1734; Samuel, Feb. 26, 1735, drowned at the eastward, J\Iay, 
1759; James, Jan. 4, 1737; Thomas. Jan. 24, 1739; Charles, 
April 26, 1741 ; Elijah, July 1, 1744 (4) : Abigail, Sep. 24, 
1746, m. Israel Perry, Oct. 15, 1769; Sarah, Oct. 5, 1741. 

4. Capt, Elijah, (s. of 3.) Dux.; m. Mary Whitemore; 
had Anna W., Apr. 29, 1778 ; Elijah, Oct. 8, 1782, m. Betsy 
Fish, and had Elijah, (m. Augusta Winsor,) Lysandcr, 
Thomas, Elizabeth, Augusta, Amanda, Francis H., Marcia 
and Mary; Jabez W., June 7, 1786; George. Nov. 14, 1787, 
m. Rebecca Snell, 1816; Daniel, July 2, 1790. 

5. Edward D. (s. of — ) Dux., m. Olive; m. 2d Sarah: he 
died May 24, 1824; had Sylvanns W., 1792; Otis, 1794, a 
sea captain; Edward D., 1796, m. Lucy Turner; lAicy W., 
1799; George; Alniira, m. Joseph Brewster; Barker C. ; 
John; William; James; Sarah; Mary E., 1824. 

6. Thomas, (s. of — ,) Dux. ; drowned Nov. 25, 1712. 
Note. Francis, early of Yarmouth, had Samuel, 1048, and Daniel, 

1650. Two Saj7iucls were in Barnstable in the 17th century, and also a 
John there in 1096. 

BARKER. 223 


1. Robert, Dux. ; " .Tan. 20, 1632. Robt. Barker, serv*- of 
John Thorp, complayned of liis M""- for want of clothes. The 
complaint being found to be just, it was ordered, that Thorp 
should either foorthwitli apparell him, or else make over his 
time to some other that was able to provide for him." He 
was subsequently bound to Wm. Palmer, as a carpenter ap- 
prentice, and his time expired April 1, 1637. — Col. Records. 
He was ad. 1654. In 164S, he bought the house and land of 
John Ferniside for 45 shillings ; in 1665, he bought of E. Hall 
land at Namasakeeset Bk., and of C. Southworth 4 acres, and 
of John Willis 50 acres, and of E. Hunt at the Bay path : and 
of S. Leonard at Bluefish, which he sold to A. Sampson. His 
will is dated Feb. IS, 1689, and he d. between this and the 
taking of the inventory of his estate (£142 Is. lid.) March 15, 
1692. He kept a ferry at New Harbor, which he sold to R. 
Chapman. His chd. were Robert (2) ; Francis (3) ; Isaac 
(4) ; Rebecca^ m. Wm. Snow ; Abigail m. a Rogers. 

"2. Lt. Robert, (s. of 1,) Dux.; owned land, 1684, at Pud- 
ding bk. ; " medo " at Robinson's ck. ; and at North river 
"over against a place commonly called Palmer's landing 
place." He appears of Scitnate in 1698-9; but however of 
Dux. again, and in 1701, sixteen acres adjoining his farm 
were given him. He m. Alice; m. 2d, Hannah ; had Abigail, 
Aug. 24, 1682; James, Jan. 1, 1683, Dux., d. 1718; Caleb, 
May 24, 1685 (5) ; Deborah, Dec. 7, 1686 ; Susannah, Dec, 
20, 1689; Robert, July 5, 1693; Alice, June 3, 1695; Lydia, 
Sep. 5, 1697, m. Ebenezer Stetson, 1728; and by 2d wife, 
Isaac, b. at Scit., Mar. 15, 1699, of Pembroke ; Mary, May 
13, 1701 ; Margaret, Apr. 18, 1704. 

, 3. Lt. Francis, (s. of 1,) Dux.; m. Mary Lincoln, Jan. 5, 
1674; h?idi Joshua, Nov. 16, 1676; Elizabeth, Oct. 31, 1677; 
Josiah, Sep. 21, 1679, Dux. 1710; Ruth, Jan. 31, 1682; 
Fra?icis, Oct. IS, 1682. 

4. Isaac, (S. of 1,) Dux. ; left an estate of £130; m. Judith 
Prence, 28 Dec, 1665; had Rebecca ; Lydia; Judith; Mar- 
tha; a da.; ' Fraticis ; Samuel, Dux., 1693; Isaac (6); 
Jabez ; Robert. 

5. Caleb, (s. of 2.) He m. Anna, who d. at Pownalboro', 
Me., May, 1769, set. 80; he d. 1772; of the Society of 
Friends; had Robert, May 27, 1712; /o/r/«, Aug. 15. 1714; 
Elizabeth, Mar. 17, 1717, d. 1724 ; Caleb, Oct. 29, 1719 ; d. 
Sep. 23, 1742, at Red Rrook, E. Jersey ; Joshua, Feb. 22, 
1721, d. 1724; Gideon, Dec. 22, 1723; Joshua, July 26, 
1726; Charles, Aug. 5, 1729; Anna, Feb. 14, 1730, d. 1732. 
— Friend's records. 


6. Isaac, (s. of 4.) Dux. ; m. Elizabeth ; she d. Aug. 18, 
1774; he d. "7 d.' of 5 mo., 1754 ;'"' had Mary, Aug. 1, 
1708; Sill-ester, 1710; Pe/eir, 1712; Prhice, 1716, m. Abi- 
gail, da. of Benj. and Deborah Keen, and shed. Sep. 2, 1790, 
and he d. Jan. 27, 1784, and liad Abigail, who d. Jan. 7 
1789 ; Elizabeth and Lydia. — Friend's records. 

7. Robert, (s. of — ,) m. Hannah; had Ann, Sep. 21, 
1739, and Thomas, Apr. 29, 1738. — Friend's records. 

8. John, (s. of — ,) m. Grace; had John and Cam — Idem. 

10. John, (B. of 1,) by trade a bricklayer; 1638, kept a 
ferry at Jones river; and was fined (1638,) "for drawing 
blood upon Henry Blaque" ^0 shillings; resided in Dux.; 
next of M., and bought a ferry privilege of Jona. Brewster, at 
a place now called Little's bridge, and was drowned there, 
Dec. 14, 16.52, leaving an estate of £113. He m. 1632, 
Anna, da. of John Williams, senr. of Scit. ; had John (11); 
Anna; Deborah; Mary. — Deane's Scit. and Col. Rec 

11. John, Esq., (s. of 10,) Barnstable; Scituate, 1683; 
Sergeant in Philip's war and freed (1680) from bearing arms 
" on account of sore wounds received." A justice of the 
peace and a lawyer; m. Desire Annable, Jan. 18, 1676, shed. 
170.5; m. 2d, Hannah, da. of Thomas Loring of Hingham, 
and widow of Rev. Jeremiah Cusiiing; had ./o/i«, May 4, 
1678; Desire, Sep. 22, 1680; Anna, Aug. 26, 1682, d. 22 
Nov. 1682; Amia, Nov. 1, 1()83; WilUa^ns ; Sarriuel, Esq., 
1684, m. Hannah Cushing of Scituate, and had Samuel, 1707, 
Ignatius, Ezekiel, 1714, Hannah and Deborah (the 3d w. of 
Shearjashub Bourn in 1750). — Deane's Scit. and N. E. Hist. 
and Geneal. Reg., ii. 

Note. Thomas and Elisha were of Dux. in 1710, Elisha d. or removed 
before 1712. John and Maria Cushman, both of Plymouth, were m. at 
Dux., Dec. 10, 1732 — Francis of Concord, 1646, has descendants in that 
vicinity ; Richard is ancestor of the Andover family. Nicholas, a carpen- 
ter, of Boston, in 1655; Edward of Boston, in 1G50, had Thomas 1057; 
James, of Rowley, in 1640. 


Joseph, Dux. ; m. Lydia Soulc, 1786, and had Josopli 1787, 
(m. Nancy Wadsworth), and Samuel, 1791. She d. in 1812, 
aet. 44. 

Note. William, of Scit. d. 1668, his w. was Anna, and his estate .£53; 
Mercy Bestow of Pem. m. Joshua Thomas, 1747 ; Jacob Bestow m. Desire 
Brattles, March 13, 1700 ; James Bastow, of Dux. 1780. 



John, Dux. ; m. Abigail, who d. Nov. 6, 1807, set. 54; he d. 
Dec. 20, 1835; had Geonye TF., 1785; John D., 1788; Jecle- 
diah, 1789; Anderson, 1793, d. 1796; Matthew, 1795. 


1. Robert, b. in England 1603 ; arrived 1623 at Plymouth; 
m. 1628, Mary, da. of Richard Warren, a Mayflower pilgrim, 
and d. 1676, set. 73, and his w. survived a few years. Chd. 
Benjamin (2) ; Joseph, 1638 (3) ; Mary, m. Richard Foster 
Sept. 10, 1651, m. 2d Jona. Morey July 8, 1659 ; Rebecca, m. 
William Harlow 20th Dec. 1649; Sarah, m. Samuel Rider of 
Yarmouth, Dec. 23, 1656 ; Elizabeth, m. Anthony Sprague 
of Hingham, Dec. 20, 1661, d. Feb. 7, 1712; he d. Sept. 3, 1719, 
aet. 84; Mercy, March 10, 1650, m. John Ivey of Boston, 
Dec. 25, 1668 ; Lydia, June 8, 1647, m. Jas. Barnaby, m. 2d 
John Nelson of Middleboro'. 

2. Benjamin, (s. of 1,) Dux. ; ad. 1654; m. Sarah Brewster, 
1656; m. 2d Ceciha, 1678, who d. a. 1691 ; he d. 1691, leav- 
ing a farm valued at £140, and other property amounting; to 
£250. His will gives his Indian servants, Robin and wife, 
20 shillings apiece. Chd. — Benjamm (4) ; Samuel (5) ; 
Ichahod (6) : Ebenezer (7) ; Rebecca, m. William Bradford, 
1679 ; Sarah, m. Robert Bartlett, 1687. 

3. Joseph, (s. of 1,) of Pond's Parish, Plymouth. For his 
descendants see Mitchell's History of Bridgewater. 

4. Benjamin, (s. of 2,) Dux. ; lived at North hill ; inherited 
his fatlier's farm, and lands at Rochester, and a double por- 
tion of his property; m. Ruth Pabodie, Sep., 1672; had 
Robert, Dec. 6, 1679 ; Benjamin ; Mercy, m. John Turner of 
Scituate, Aug. 5, 1714; Priscilla, Jan., 1697, m. John Samp- 
son, Dec. 31, 1718; Deborah, m. Josiah Thomas of M., Dec. 
19, 1723; Ruth, m. John Murdock, Jr.; Abigail, 1703, m. 
Hon. Gamaliel Bradford, 1728; Rebecca, m. John Bradford; 
Sarah, m. Israel Bradford. 

5. Samuel, (s. of 2,) Dux.; a mariner; Dux., 1710, but d. 
or removed before 1713; m. Hannah Pabodie, Aug. 2, 1683; 
had Benjamin, May 4, 1684; Joseph, Apr. 22, 1686 (8); 
Samuel, 1691, an officer at Louisburg, had Samuel (called 
" Quaker Sam ") who had Capt. Joseph, Amasa, Anselm, 
and others; Ichabod; Judah; William of Dux. — Hist. 
Bridgew. Perhaps also Hannah, who m. Benjamin Arnold, 


226 BASSET. 

6. IcHABOD, (s. of 2,) Dux., 1710; of M. previously; inher- 
ited land in Middleboro', m. Elizabeth, da. of Joseph ^Vater- 
man, 1699, she d. Oct. 17US ; m. 2d, Desire Arnold, Nov. 14, 

7. Ebenezer, (s. of 2.) Dnx. ; inherited land at liittle 
Compton; d. prob. before 1712; m. Hannah; had Ebeuezei', 
1694 (9). 

8. Joseph, (s. of 5.) Dux. ; m. Lydia, who d. Apr. 6, 1739; 
he d. Jan. 9, 1764, set. 77; had Isaiah, Mar. 24, 1716; 
Patience. July 27, 1718, m. Jcthro Sprague, Dec. 12, 1738; 
Han7mh[ Mar. 27, 1721, d. July 11 or 12, 1739; Lydia, Aug. 
30, 1725^ m. Bezaleel Alden, 1740. 

9. Ebenezer, (s. of 7,) Dnx.; m. Jerusha Sampson, Oct. 8, 
1730; she d. Jan. 2, 1778, a3t. 73; he d. Oct. 24, 1781, set. 87; 
had Nalhaniel, Jan. 31, 1723 (10); Jeriisha, Jan. 9, 1732, m. 
James Robinson, and their da. .Teruslia Ijartlett, m. \\ ait 
Wadsworth, 1774; and perhaps Lydia, who m. Lemuel 
Delano, 1741. 

10. Nathaniel, (s. of 9.) Dux. ; m. Zenobe Wadsworth, 
June 10, 1742; had Zenobe, Apr. 2, 1743; Nathaniel, Mar. 
30, 1745; Mary, Aug. 9, 1746; Elizabeth, Dec. 3, 1749. 

11. Joseph, (styled Jr., son of — ,) Dux.; m. Dorothy 
AYadsworth, Dec. 25, 1729; had Amie, Mar. 11, 1735; d. 
July 22, 1735; Ichabod, Aug. 1, 1736, d. Sep. 8, 1736; Joseph. 
Mar. 26, 1740; Dorothy, Apr. 21, 1743; and on the chh. 
records Bathsheba, bap. 1740; Uriah, bap. 1743; Elizabeth, 
bap. 1747. 

12. Benjamin, (s. of — ,) Dux. ; had Mary, bap. 1747, and 
Sarah, bap. 1757. 

Note. Mrs. Hannah, m. Thomas Delano, 1G92 ; Sarah, m. ('ornelius 
Drew, 1729; Rebecca, m. Chs. Ryder of Plymouth, Oct. 8, 1741; Seth, 
m. Charity Cullifer, Feb. 27, 1736 ; Seth, m. Martha Bourn, Nov. 23, 
1737 ; Nathaniel, m. Abiah Delano, Dec. 16, 1725, of Dux. ; Bobirl, of 
Plymouth, m Ilopestill Seabury, Oct. 15, 1772; Sarah, 1732, d. 1813, an. 
81 ; and John, m. Sarah Seabury, Mar. 19, 1770. 

Note. The Bartletts of Newbury are a distinct family. 


William Bassite. He d. 1667. He m. Elizabeth Tilden (?) ; 
had William ; Nathaniel, of Dux. ; Joseph ; Sarah, m. Pere- 
grine White, and d. 1711 ; Lllizabeth, m. Thomas I urgess, 
8th Nov. 1648; Jane; and Riilh.m. Jfohn S])rague 1655, and 
m. 2d a Thomas. — itist. Bridgcwater. 

Note. James of K. and Bcthia Phillips were m. at Dux. Oct. 14, 1773. 

BISBEE. 227 


Joshua, of Dux., came from Hanover; m. Irene Delano; had 
Amasa /)., April 13, 1792 ; Betsij, Oct. 31, 1794, m. a Patten; 
Nancy D., Feb. 29, 1798, m. Samuel Soule ; Seth^ March 26, 
1801 ; Hannah Clark, Oct. 19, 1803. 

Note. Caleb, of Pembroke m. Novice Thomas, 1782, and had Caleb. 


Richard, Dux., 1636, had land granted to him at Powder 
point, and was allowed to build there, giving bonds of £.50 for 
good behavior, as he was somewhat of a refractory character. 
In 1636, he was in the stocks for contempt of court. In 
1637-S, had granted him 20 acres at G. H. path. He sold, in 
1642, for £18. his house and land south of Mill brook to F. 
West, and removed to M. In 1659 he was disfranchised. 


Joseph, Dux., 1635, July, bought land at Island creek, of 
Isaac RolDinson ; 1640, fined 20s. " for suffering men to drinke 
drunken at his house;" but of M. in 1643. Name also spelt 


The name was originally spelled Besbeech, Besbidge, and 
later Bisbee and Bisby. 

1. Thomas, came from Sandwich, Eng., with sixchd. and 
three servants; of Scit. 1634, and deacon of the chh. there; 
ad. Jan. 2d, 1637-8 ; Dnx. 1638, when he bought Wm. Palm- 
er's house, and then of M.' He had Elisha (2) ; Alice, m. 
John Bourn July 18. 1645. 

2. Elisha, (s. of 1,) a cooper ; in 1644 kept a ferry where 
now is Union bridge, and his house was on the west side and 
was a tavern. His estate amounted to £84. — Hist. Scituate. 
He had Hopeslill. 1645, m. Sarah, who survived and m. a 
Lincoln. He d. Nov. 12, 1695 ; John, 1647 (3) ; Mary, 1648, 
m. Jacob Beals ; Elisha, 1654, d. 1715 ; Hannah, 1656, m. 
Thomas Brooks, 1687. 

3. John, (s. of 2,) M. ; m. Joanna Brooks, Sept. 13, 1687; 
had Martha, Oct. 13, 1688; John, Sept. 15, 1690; Elijah, 
Jan. 29, 1692 ; Mary, March 28, 1693 ; Moses, Oct. 20, 1695 ; 
Elisha. May 3, 1698. 

228 BONNEY. 

4. Aaron, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Sarah Soule, Nov. 26, 1747; 
had Joanna: Abigail; Sluclleij, a. 1756, d. 1771; Thomas, 
a. 1760, d. 1761. 

Note. Abigail, m. Andrew Sampson, 1748 ; Deborah, m. Abner Samp- 
son, 1756 ; Silvia, m. Thomas Chandler, 1749 ; Isaac, m. Abigail How- 
land, 1781 ; Alice, m. William Kendar, 1788 ; Oliver, m. Huldah Sim- 
mons, 1791 ; Elisha, ra. Mary Pattengell, 1779 ; Martha, ra. Jona. Turner, 


1. Richard Bushiip, lived with Love Brewster, 1638, m. 
AHce Clark, Dec. 5, 1644 ; she was convicted of the murder 
of her own child, and was hung 1648. He is called of " Pas- 
cattaway in Artercull or New Jersey," when he sold to Capt. 
Church his property in the colony. 

2. James, Dux., owned land at Indian Head river in 1679, 
alive in 1710. His chd. were perhaps the following: Ebene- 
zer, Dux., m. Amy Stetson Nov. 20, 1710; Abigail^ m. James 
Boney, 1695 ; John^ Dux. 1710 ; Hudson, Dux. 1710, Scit. 
1711, Dux. 1712. 

Note. Tabitha m. Jedediah Soule 1741 ; Nathaniel, of Boston, 1634, 
Ipswich, his w. Alice, had Joseph 1642, Benjamin, John, and Samuel — 
Mr. John Bushop, an ancient freeman of Taunton. 


Abraham, Dux., bought land at Eagle nest, of Richard 
Moore in 1637; and sold it, 1638, to John Willis. 


The name is generally spelled on the records Boney. 

Thomas, Dux., a shoemaker ; 1640, had laud N. W. of 
North hill, and thirty acres at Namasakeeset ; d. a. 1693 ; m. 
Dorcas Sampson ; m. 2d Mary, who survived him ; had Tho- 
mas, inherited his father's land in Dux., m. Sarah Studley, 
July 18, 1695. 

Note. The following were perhaps chd. of Thomas — Mary, m. John 
Mitchell, Deo. 14, 1675; Josqih, Dux., 1710; Ebenezer, Dux., 1710, 
drowned, 1712; John, Dux., 1691 — 1710; James, m. Abigail Bishop, 
1695, of Dux., 1710; William, had land at Namasakeeset, 1694, d. or 
removed before 1710 — The following is from the town records, "1691, 
Town did agree that Goodman Boney should have a paire of shoes bought 

BOURN. 229 

with part of the rent dew for the comon meadows" — Mercy, m. Nathl. 
Delano, 171-1 ; and Elizabeth, of Pem., m. Saral. Delano, 1719. 


Abraham, (prob. sou of .Tohn of Scituate, and b. 1673); of 
Dux., 1710, and this year received a grant. 


Benjamin, (s. of widow Abigail of Boston, who m. James 
Soule of Dux., 1773,) b. June 20, 1767, m. Mercy Prior, who 
was b. Apr. 22, 1767, and had Abigail, 1791 ; Benja7nin, 
1793 ; Hiram, 1795 ; Salbj, 1797, d. 1799 ; Mercij, 1799, m. 
Capt. Eden Wadsworth ; Betsy, ISOl, and Mary. 

Note. Man/, ra. Warren Weston, 1767 — The ividoio Abigail, above 
named, was a da. of Joshua Seaver, and born Jan. 4, 1744, and her hus- 
band, Benjamin of Boston, was born Jan., 1743. They were m. Aug. 17, 
1766, and he died Nov. 15, 1769, and she d. Aug. 26, 1832, a3t. 88. Fec- 
ords. A Benjamin was early in Hingham, and had Edward, 1659, Bridget, 
1660, Hannah, 1668, and perhaps others. — HobarVs Journal. 


1. Thomas, b. 1601 ; M. ; d. May 11, 1684, EEt. 83; m. Mar- 
tha, and had John (2) ; Martha, m. Jolin Bradford, m. 2d, Lt. 
Thomas Tracy, and d. 1689 ; Elizabeth, m. Robt. Waterman, 
1638; Margaret, m. Josiah Winslow, a. 1636; Anne, m. Rev. 
Nehemiah Smith, Jan. 21, 1639-40; and Lydia, m. Nathl. 

2. John, (s. of 1,) M. ; but of Dux., 166.5, when he lived 
on land belonging to Wm. Pabodie; of M. in 1681, when he 
was authorized to solemnize marriages, and d. a. 1685 ; m. 
Alice Bisbee, who d. May, 1686; had Elizabeth, 1646; 
Thomas, 1647 (3); Alice, 1649; Anna, 1651; Martha, 1653; 
Sarah, 1663. 

3. Thomas, (s. of 2,) M. ; had land in Dux., 1701 ; m. 
Elizabeth Rouse, Apr. 16, 1681 ; had George, May 29, 1690 


4. George, (s. of 3.) Dux.; m. Elizabeth Chandler, May 
21, 1713; had Elizabeth, Feb. 9, 1714; Martha, Dec. 23, 
1716, m. Seth Bartlett, 1737 ; Sarah, Oct. 5, 1718 ; Benjamin, 
July 21, 1721 ; Alice, Aug. 26, 1724. 


Note. Hannah, m. William Wilson of Scil., Nov. 28, 1739. — Richard, 
(B. of Henry, who was ad. 1737-8, and of Scit. 1637, and Barnstable, 
1639,) Lynn, removed to Sandwich 1037, a teacher of Marshpee Indians, 
m. Ruth, d. a. 1682, and had Job, (m. Ruhamath and had Timothy, Elea- 
zer, Hezekiah and others), Shearjashub, Elisha, who m. Patience Skiffe, 
26 Oct., 1615 — Ezra was b. at Sandwich, 12 May, 1648. 


George, Dux., 1637-8, owned land in Dux.; and was pre- 
sented "for leaving no passage for man or beast noitlier by 
the sea side, nor for cattle through his ground."' Perliaps the 
one of Cambridge, 1644. 


Mr. Nathaniel, of Dux., in 1636. Vide Edmund Chandler. 


Gov. William, b. in Austerfield, Eng., and d. May 9, 1657, 
set. 68. For an account of Gov. B., see Belknap's Biog. He 
m. in Eng., Dorothy May, who was drowned in C. C. harbor, 
Dec. 7, 1620; m. 2d, Mrs. Alice South worth, Aug. 14, 1623, 
and da. of Mr. Carpenter.* She d. Mar. 26, 1670. a3t. SO; 
he had by Dorothy, Joh?i, b. in England (2) ; William, June 
17, 1624 (by 2d w.,) (3); and Mercy, 1630, (m. Benjamin 
Vermage, Dec. 21, 1648) and Joseph, 1630, (gemini,) who 
m. Jael Hobart, da. of Rev. Peter of Hingham, May 25, 
1664, bed. July 10, 1715, at. 84, shed. 1730, oet. 88, lived at 
Jones river, and were licensed by the Court in 1678 to sell 
liquors, and had Joseph, Apr. 18, 1665, and Elisha, who m. 
Bathsheba Le-Brocke, Sep. 7, 1718, and had 15 did. 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., 1645-52; M., 1653; removed to 
Norwich, Ct., where he d. s. p. 1678 ; m. Martha Bourn, 
who m. 2d, Lt. Thomas Tracy, and d. 1689. 

3. Maj. William, (s. of 1,) of Plymouth; an asst. ; Dep. 
Gov.; one of Sir Ed. Andros's council, 1687; chief military 
officer of the colony. He d. Feb. 20, 1703, a3t. 79. His will 

* " 1667 : Mary Carpenter (sister of Mrs. Alice Bradford, the wife of 
Governor Bradford) a member of the church at Duxbury,died at Plymouth, 
March 19-20, beiiifr newly entered into the 91st year of her age. Sli(3 
was a {Toodly old maid never married." — Ply. Chh. Rec. It is also sup- 
posed that Priscilla, wife of Wm. Wright, and Bridget, wife of Dr. Sami. 
Fuller, were sisters of Mrs. Bradford. 


bears elate Jan. 29, 1703. His wife Alice, da. of Thomas 
Richards of Weymouth, d. Dec. 12, 1671. His second wife 
was a widow Wiswall. His third was Mary, widow of Rev. 
John Holmes of Dux., and she d. June 6, 1714-15. His will 
gives to David, his house after his mother's decease ; to John, 
the land he then lived on, and also "my father's manuscript, 
viz., a narrative of the beginning of New Plymouth ; " * to 
Thomas, land in Norwich (which was his uncle John's) ; to 
Joseph, land at Norwich ; to Samuel, his right of commons in 
Dux.; to Israel, Ephraim, David and Hczekiah, his estate, 
enjoining upon them to sell it to none that do not bear the 
name of Bradford, and be not descended from him: to Israel, 
a house ; to David, a silver bowl, " not to be alienated from 
the family of the Bradford's ;" to Hezekiah, a gold ring ; to 
Samuel, his Latin books, " to encourage him in bringing one 
of his sons to learning, which said bookes it is my will, that 
they shall by him be given to his said son, whom he shall so 
bring up." 

His chd. were, Maj. John, Feb. 20, 1653, d. Dec. 8, 1736, 
m. 1674, Mercy (da. of Joseph) Warren, who was b. Sept. 23, 
1653, and d. 1748, and had John 1675, m. Rebecca Bartlett; 
Alice, 1677, m. Ens. Edmund Mitchell. 1708, m. 2d Joshua 
Hersey ; Abigail, 1679, m. Gideon Sampson, Mercy, 1681, m. 
Jona. Freeman 1708, m. 2d Lt. Isaac Cushman ; Lt. Samuel, 
1683, liad a family, Priscilla, m. Seth Chipman, and William, 
1688. m. Hannah, da. of Dea. John Foster, who m. 2d Geo. 
Partridge of Dux. ; William., March 11, 1655, d. 1687, m. 
Rebecca Bartlett, 1679, had William, Alice, 1680, m. William 
Barnes, and Sarah, 1683, m. Jona. Barnes, and d. 1720; Tho- 
mas, of Norwich ; Samuel {A) ; Alice, m. Maj. James Fitch of 
Norwich; Hannah, m. Joshua (s. of John, s. of Wm.) Rip- 
ley, Nov. 28, 1682 ; Mei^cy, m. a Steel of Hartford ; Melaliah^ 
m. John Steel of Hartford ; Mary, m. William Hunt of Wey- 
mouth; Sarah, m. Kenelm Baker; Joseph, (by 2d wife,) of 
Norwich ; Israel, (by 3d w.) m. Sarah Bartlett ; David^ m. 
Elizabeth Finney, 1714, and d. 1730; Ephraim, of K. ; and 
Hezekiah, of K. 

4. Samuel, (s. of 3,) Dux., b. 1668, d. April 11, 1714, at. 
46 ; had a grant adjoining his house lot, 1713 ; m. Hannah 

* This history of Gov. B. was destroyed by the British at the siege of 
Boston, with other papers in the belfry of the Old South church in Boston. 
Gov. B. in his will makes this mention of other works of his, which have 
been published in the Hist. Coll. of Mass. To T. Prence, Capt. Willet, 
and Capt. T. Southworlh, he says — " I comend to youer wisdome some 
small bookes written by my ovvne hand to bee improved as you shall see 
meet. In speciall I comend to you a little booke with a blacke cover 
wherein there is a word to Plymouth, a word to Boston, and a word to 
New England with sundry useful verses." 


Rogers, July, 1GS9, a da., says Mitchell, of Gamaliel Rogers. 
Their chd. were, Hannah, Feb. 14, 1689, m. June 16, 1709, 
Nathaniel Gilbert of Tannton ; Ger.shom, Dec. 21, 1691, of K., 
m. Priscilla Wiswall, Oct. 23, 1716: Perez, Dec. 28, 1694, 
H. C. 1713, d. at Attlcboro' Jnno 19, 1746, set. 52 ; Elizabeth, 
Dec. 1.5, 1696; Jenisha, March 10, 1699, m. Rev. Ebenezer 
Gay Nov. 3, 1719 ; Wealihea, May 15, 1702 ; Gamaliel, May 
18, 1704 (5). 

5. Hon. Gamaliel, (s. of 4). He resided in Duxbiiry. He 
m. Abigail Bradford, Aug. 30, 1728; she d. Aug. 30. 1776; 
he d. Apr. 24. 1778, at. nearly 74 years. Chd. — Abigail, 
Sep. 24, 1728, m. Wait Wadsworth ; Samuel, Jan. 2, 1730 
(6) ; Gamaliel, Sep. 2, 1731 (7) ; Seth, Sep. 14, 1733 (8) ; 
Capi. Pabodie, Mar. 8, 1735, d. at K., Sep. 5, 1782: Deborah, 
Aug. 17, 1738, d. Aug. 1, 1739 ; Hannah, July 20, 1740, ni. 
Robt. Stanford, Nov. 13, 1774; Andrew, June 2, 1745, H. C. 
1771, m. a Turner; Peter, June 2, 1745 (9); Rttth, July 5, 
1743, m. Elijah Sampson, Sep. 3, 1761. 

6. Capt. Samuel, (s. of 5,) Dux.; m. Grace; he d. Feb. 
27, 1777; hsidi Deborah, Dec. 11, 1750; Samvel, Mar. 27, 
1752 (10) ; Lijdia, Apr. 6, 1754, d. May 7, 1768 ; William, 
Nov. 25, 1755; Wealthca, Nov. 15, 1757, m. Isaac Drew; 
Lyman, Oct. 1, 1760, d. at New York, 1776; Grace, Apr. 6, 
1765, d. 1847; Elihu, bap. 1765; George, Nov. 20,1767; 
Isaiah, Nov. 25, 1769, m. Joanna Dingley. 

7. CoL. Gamaliel, (s. of 5,) Dux. ; he m. Sarah Alden, 
Mar. 10, 1757; he d. Jan. 9, 1807. Chd. — Perez, Nov. 14, 
1758, m. Juditii Cooper, who d. June 13, 1792, had Samuel 
Cooper, who d. at sea, and Judith Cooper, who m. a Hunt- 
ington; Sophia, Nov. 16, 1761; Gamaliel, Nov. 4, 1763 (11); 
Alden, Nov. 19, 1765 (12); Daniel, Dec. 27, 1771 (13); Sa- 
rah, Feb. 24, 1768, m. VVm. Hinckley; Jervsha, Jan. 30, 
1770, ni. Ezra Weston; Gershom, Feb. 3, 1774 (14). 

8. Capt. Seth, (s. of 5,) Dux.; m. Lydia Southworth, 
Feb. 7, 1760: had Z^c/ac, of Maine ; Lydia, m. Dea. Dura 
Wadsworth; Abigail and Hannah, (gemini) ; Seth; Susan 
and Sarah, (gemini), Susan m. Joseph Brewster; Sarah m. 
Ezra Cushman ; Jolin, d. at sea; James; Soiithicorth, d. at 
sea ; and Joel, who d. at N. Y., 1776. 

9. Peter, (s. of 5,) Dux.; m. Abigail I,oring. Jan. 18, 
1770; had Judith, Apr., 1770; Priscilla, Jan., 1773, m. Wm. 
Rand ; Alexander, Dec, 1776, d. s. p. ; and Nathaniel. 

10. Samuel, (s. of 6.) Dux.; m. Lydia Bradford, 1783; he 
d. Apr. 10, 1816, at. 64; had Prince, Dec. 19, 1783, m. Har- 
riet Churchill, who was b. Oct. 4, 1791, and had Gershom, 
1816, Perez, 1818, d. 1821, Harriet, 1821, Otis, 1823, Hannah 


B., 1825, Lydia, 1827, and Susan, 1832; Samuel, Mar. 6, 
1786, m. Anne Sampson, da. of Tho., who was b. Sep. 4, 
1789, and had Lucy T., Lydia A., and Samuel B. 

11. Capt. Gamaliel, (s. of 7,) Dux., but removed to Boston. 
He m. EHzabeth Hinckley, and d. Mar. 7, 1824, ait. 60 : had 
chd. — Dr. Gamaliel.! Nov. 17, 1795, H. C. 1814, a physician, 
in 1833 chosen Superintendent of Mass. General Hospital, 
and d. Oct. 22, 1839, tet. 44, he ra. Mar., 1821, Sophia, da. of 
Col. Nathan Rice. See a memoir in 3d Mass. Hist. Coll. IX. 
lii\ chd. — Sarah; Margaret ; George Partridge, H. C. 1825. 

12. Hon. Alden, (s. of 7,) Boston, H. C. 1786; he studied 
theology and was ord. in the ministry at Pownalboro', Me., 
Nov. 14, 1793. He obtained some celebrity as a historian 
and biographer, and was the author of many useful and val- 
uable works. He was afterwards appointed Secretary of the 
State of Massachusetts. He m. Margaret Stevenson, Sep. 24, 
1795, who was a da. of Tho. and Isabel Stevenson. Chd. — 
Margaret Boies, May 28, 1796, m. ^Ym. H. Elliot; William, 
John Alden, Nov. 19, 1797, H. C. 1816 ; Lucy Ann, Sep. 14, 
1800, m. Henry Dwight; Thornas Gamaliel, Dec. 13, 1802, 
H. C. 1822; Duncan, Aug. 15, 1804, m. Eliza Jaques, June 
11, 1841, grad. H. C. 1824; laahella Thomas, Apr. 25, 1806; 
Sarah, Apr. 29. 1808; Jolin Robinson, Sep. 1813, d. while in 
H. C, Oct. 24, 1828. 

13. Capt. Daniel, (s. of 7,) Dux. ; removed to Keene, N. 
H. ; m. Sarah Drew; had Emily; Sarah, m. Amherst A. 
Frazar ; Weallhea, m. in Illinois ; Daniel, m. Mrs. Caroline 
Wadsworth Hunt ; Mary ; Jerusha W., who d. Feb. 10, 
1809, set. 2 yrs. ; and Frances, m. Thomas Frazar. 

14. Capt. Gershom, (s. of 7,) Dux.; m. Sarah Hinckley, 
and d. Aug. 8. 1844; had Maria V/., 1804, m. Rev. Claudius 
Bradford of Bridsewater; Lucia A., 1807; Elizabeth H., 
1809; and Charlotte, 1813. 

Note. Widow yi/'ealthea, d. Apr. 27, 1783, set. 41 ; David of K., m. 
■widow Betty Thomas, Feb. IG, 1779; Perez, m. Lucy Rand, 1782. 

15. Eliphalet, (s. of — ,) came to Dux. from Plymouth ; m. 
Hannah Prince Aug. 8, 1751, she d. July 11, 1756, set. 26; 
m. Hannah Oldham Feb. 9, 1758 ; had Hannah, May 31, 
1752, m. Benjamin Freeman, 1774; Lydia, Jan. 28, 1754, m. 
Samuel Bradford, 1783 ; Lucy, Nov. 9, 1758, m. Zachariah 
Sylvester; Abigail, Dec. 26, 1759, m. Bisbee Chandler; Wil- 
liam, Nov. 17, 1761, m. Lucy, da. of John Sampson, and had 
Mary, who m. James Soule ; Zadock, Aug. 11, 1765, a sea- 
captain, m. Lucy Gray, and had Zadock 1798, d. 1833, m. a 
Peterson; Nancy, 1800; George, 1801; Lucy G., 1803; Car- 
oline, 1805, ra. Joshua Gushing; Charles, 1806, d. 1831 ; 



Lewis E., 1809, and James, 1812 ; Deborah, Dec. 26, 1767, 
m. Capt. Freeman Loring ; Mary, 1774; Q.\idi Eunice, m. 
Uriah Wadsvvortli, 1789, and d. Aug. 1795. 


WiLLiABi, Dux., 1640, had land at Namasakeeset and at 
North liill, at Hounds ditch ; sold his lands to C. Southworth, 
Wm. Pabodie, and John Rogers. Me removed to Bridgew. 
and d. 1681; m. Margaret; had William, Elihu, Nathaniel, 
Alice, Lydia, and Hannah. See Mitchell's Bridgewater. 


1. Elder William, b. 1560, grad. at Cambridge Coll. Eng. ; 
afterwards the confidential friend of William Davison, Queen 
Elizabeth's ambassador to Scotland ; then joining the Inde- 
pendent Chh., he entertained their meetings at his house ; fled 
with them to Amsterdam and Leyden ; was appointed their 
elder; sailed with the minority in 1620. and, arriving at Ply- 
mouth, " with the most subiuissive patience bore the novel 
and trying hardships to which his old age was subjected, lived 
abstemiously, and after having been in his youth the compan- 
ion of ministers of state, the representative of his sovereign, 
familiar with the magnificence of courts, and the possessor of 
a fortune, sullicient not only for the comforts but for the ele- 
gancies of life, this humble puritan labored steadily with his 
own hands in the field for daily subsistence. Yet he possess- 
ed that happy electricity of mind, which could accommodate 
itself with cheerfulness to all circumstances, destitute of meat, 
of fish and bread, over his simple meal of clams, would he 
return thanks to the Lord, that he could suck of the abun- 
dance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand." — Ply. 
Chh. Rec. He enjoyed a healthy old age, and was sick but 
one day, when he died, April 16, 1644. His wife d. before 
1627. He left a library of over 300 volumes (valued at £43), 
of which 64 were in the classic languages. His whole estate 
was £150.* He early removed to Dux., and settled in the 

* Elder Brewster's estate occupied the south eastern part of the Nook, 
adjoining the farm of Capt. Standish. Some years ago, on a piece of land, 
wiiich was originally included in the limits of his farm, was found a small 
silver spoon hearing the initials " J. B." Elder Brewster, it is said liadi- 
tionally, i)lanted here the lirst apple tree in New England, hi the time of 
the Revolution the original tree was gone ; but there had sprung up fiom 
its roots another, which was then of large size, and known as the " Brew- 
ster tree." 


neighborhood of Capt. Standish, and his house was afterwards 
occupied by his son Love. At Iiis death, his estate was di- 
vided among his two sons, who met after his funeral at Gov. 
Bradford's in Plymouth, and in the presence of the Governor, 
Mr. Prence, Mr. Winslow, and Capt. Standish, determined 
mutually on the division. Chd. — Patience, b. in Eng., arriv- 
ed in 1623, m. Gov. Prence, 1624, and d. 1634 ; Fear, b. in 
Eng., arrived 1623, m. 1626 Mr. Isaac Allerton, and d. 1633 ; 
Love, b. in Eng. (2) ; Wrestling, b. in Eng., d. before his 
father; Jonathan (3). 

2. Love, (s. of 1.) Ply. ; ad, 1636 ; early removed to Dux. 
and settled with his father by the bay side, and afterwards 
sold the estate to Saml. Eaton. His servant, Thos. Graunger, 
was hung for a capital crime, 1642. His will is dated Oct. 1, 
1650 ; his w. Sarah Collier, he m. March 15, 1634 ; she after- 
wards ra. a [John 1] Parks, (Col. Rec. VL 1679) ; had Nath- 
aniel, owned land about the old tarpits, and d. 1676; William 
(4) ; Wrestlijig (5) ; Sarah, m. Benjamin Bartlett, 1656. 

3. Jonathan (s. of 1). He came to Dux. a. 1632. He was 
frequently the town's deputy, and one of the principal men in 
the formation of its settlement, and in the establishment of its 
church; he sometimes practised before the Court as an attor- 
ney, and is also styled gentleman. He received grants of land 
in Dux., and likewise kept a ferry, (employing Peter Meacock 
in its management,) at New Harbor marshes, and was pre- 
sented to the Court in 1639 for neglecting it, and in 1641 sold 
it. In 163S he sold his house to Dr. Comfort Starr. He went 
to New London, Ct., and from that place, it seems by the fol- 
lowing letter addressed to the widow of his brother Love, he 
contemplated a return to England. 

" LovEiNG AND KIND SisTER, I thauke you for youer letter I 
received, being glad to heare of youer well doeing in youer 
affliction of Widdowhood; the Lord will make up youer losses 
and healp you to bee thankfull forraiseing youer good brother 
to bee instead of an huband to you. In my judgement I 
would advise you to marry one whom you could love. I 
would to God I were nearer you, I should doe something for 
you ; but [ fear I shall the next year goe further from you, 
for I with my whole family resolve for old England, and then 
I shalbee able to doe very little for you and youers, whom I 
love and respect, being glad to hear of youer daughters im- 
provement, both inSperituall and temporall thinges ; the Lord 
bestow his further blessing upon her and the rest of youers : I 
doe heer by this give unto her all my interest in the pcells of 
Land, which was left by my father, lying near Plymouth, to 
her and her heires for ever ; I pray you remember my Love 
and Respects to the Capt. and his vvife and children with the 


rest of my frinds with you, to whom 1 cannot write ; excuse 
me to tliein all ; those with my best love Remembered to you 
and yoners ; I pray to the Lord to blesse you and keep you in 
all yoLier ways in his fcare. Amen, and doe rest 
Your unfeigned brother, 

Jonathan Brewster. 

" MOHEKEN, this 1 of 

September, 165G." 

He m. Lucretia, and had William, \vho was in the Indian 
wars in 1045 : Mary, m. John Turner of Scit. Nov. 12, 1645 ; 
Jonathan, 1627; and Benjamin, who removed from Dux. 
after 16<iS, to Norwich, then to New LiOndon, wliere lie m. 
Anna Dart 1659, and liad Anna Sept. 1662, Jonathan 1664, 
Daniel 1667, William 1669, and Benjamin 1673. 

4. Dea. William, (s. of 2.) Dux. : d. Nov. 3, 1723, set. nearly 
78; m. Lydia Partridge, Jan. 2, 1672, she d. Feb. 2, 1742; 
had Sarah, April 25, 1674, m. Caleb Stetson 1705 : Nathaniel, 
Nov. 8, 1676 (6) ; Joseph, March 17, 1694 (7) : William (8) ; 
and, according to Mitchell, a Benjamin. 

5. Wrestling, (s. of2,) Dux.; a carpenter; d. Jan. 1, 1697, 
leaving an estate of £330. " 13 Decemb. 1689, the Town did 
engage to Wrestling Brewster, that if lie in curtesy did take 
Nathaniell Cole into his house, they would secure him from 
being burthened with keeping of him said C'ole." — Town Rec. 
He m. ]\[ary, who is prob. the Mary who m. John Partridge 
1700. He liad Jonathan, m. Ahnry Partridge May 6, 1710, 
went to Windham, Ct. after 1725. she was alive 1733; Wrest- 
ling — prob. the one "of Plymouth," Avho m. July 12. 1722, 
Hannah Thomas — a deacon of K., had Wrestling 1724; d. 
at K. Feb. 8, 1810, asl. 86. Thomas, Isaac, Elisha, and Mary; 
Joh?i {9) ; Mary; Sarah; Abigail; Elizabeth and Ha)inah. 

6. Nathaniel, (s. of 4,) Dux. ; m. Mary Dwelley of Scit. 
Dec. 24, 1705, who died July 29, 1764, oet. SO; had Samuel 
and Mercy (gemini) April 5, 1708; linth, Dec. 9, 1711, m. 
Joseph Morgan of Preston, Ct.; May 8, 1735: IVilliam, Feb. 
14, 1715, m. Priscilla Sampson Cotte, Jan. 1, 1747, and had 
Daniel a. 1746, Nathaniel a. 1748, and Steplien a. 1750 ; Jo- 
seph, July 3, 1718 (10). 

7 Joseph, (s. of 4,) Dux. ; m. l^jlizabeth, wlio d. April 1786, 
eet. 82 ; he d. April 20, 1767 ; had Lemuel, bap. 1740 ; Eunice, 
m. Timothy Walker 1758; Truelove, 1737 — "January 18, 
1757, Truelove Brewster fell through, attcmpling to 
come over Uakman's ferry, and was drowned." — Clih. Rec. 

8. William, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Hopestill Wadsworth, May 
20, 1708; had 0//fei^July 16, 1708; Ichabod, Jan, 15, 1711, 
m. Lydia Brewster of Pembroke, June 3, 1735; Elisha, Oct. 


29, 1715 ; SetJi, Dec. 20, 1720; Lot, Mar. 25, 1724; Hnldah, 
Feb. 20, 1726, m. John Goold* of Hull, June 13, 1745, she 
d. Apr. 27, 1750. 

9. John, (s. of 5,) Dux.; had Joseph, and Job, who served 
in the old French war. 

10. Joseph, (s. of 6,) Dux., and Attleboro' ; m. Jedidah, 
who d. Mar. 26, 1794, a3t. 72; he d. Sep. 3, 1791, set. 73; 
had Zadock, bap. 1742, had Cyrus, Dec. 7, 1772, m. Ruth 
Sainpson. Apr. 5, 1798, and who had Zadock, Darius, and 
Sarah ; Mary. m. Silas Freeman, 1 763 ; Joseph, m. Deborah 
Hunt, Apr. 13, 1773: Ruth; Nathaniel, bap. 1755; Truelove^ 
bap. 1760. 

11. Nathan, (s. of — ,) b. 1723, Dux., m. Hannah, who d, 
June 4, 1776; he d. Nov. 1807, ast. 84; had Anne, bap. 1756. 

12. Joshua, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Lydia Weston, who d. 
Oct. 22, 1841; had Daniel W., 1788; Job E., 1791; Mary 
B., 1793; William N., 1796; Betsy E., 1799; Sarah C, 
1801; Warren W. ; Priscilla ; Harriet. 

13. Joshua, (s. of — ,) Dux.; had Deborah 1787; Rachel 
1790; Selah 1792; Nathan 1796; Hannah 1798; Joshua 
1801 ; Rnth, 1803. 

Note. Joshua, 1698, d. Mar. 27, 1776, ast. 78; Rachel, 1727, d. Apr. 
26, 1757; Deborah, 1704, d. Sep. 1, 1769, aet. 65; Mercy, m. Edward 
Arnold, 1706 ; Sarah, m. Joseph Wright of Plympton ; Jane, m. Asa 
Weston, 1777; Elizabeth, tn. Saml. Walker, 1784 ; Nathan, m. Diadema 
Dawes, 1784 ; Joseph, drowned while returning from the Gurnet, 1807. — 
" Young Joseph Brewster " bore arms in Dux., 1643. 


Walter, Scit., 1651. See Deane's Hist. ; in 1665, on the 
Col. reeds, he is given as one of the constables of Dux. I 
doubt whether he ever lived in Dux., and think that the brace 
which joins his name with the constables of Dux., should not 
have included him, who belonged most probably to those of 
Scituate next written. He m. Mary, who was living 1658, 
m. 2d, Frances, who survived. Chd. — John, m. Deborah 
Hawke, prob. the da. of Matthewf of Hingham, and had 

*His chd. were John, 1746, d. 1746 ; Huldah, 1747, m. Samuel Loring, 
1783 ; Hopestill, 1748, d. 1749. The mother was buried in Duxbury. A 

Robert Goold of Hull, m. Judith , 1606. — C. /. F. B. from Goold. 

Fain. Geneal. 

f Matthew Hawke came from Cambridge, Eng., and d. at Hingham, 
Dec. 7th, 1684, and his wife Margaret, died Mar. 18, 1684. His children 
were Elizabeth, bap. July 1639, d. Nov. 25, 1713; Sarah, bap. Aug. 1, 

238 BROWN. 

Hannah, 1684, m. Col. John Alden of Dux.; Deborah, 1685, 
and Capi. John; Lt. James; Cortielius ; and Hannah^ who 
m. Saml. Winslow. 

Note. Elizabeth, m. Ebenezer Wormall, 1717. Clement, arrived 1621, 
of Weymouih, had Thomas, June 14, 1033; Jonathan, June 14, 1635; 
David, Aug. 23, 1040; Clement, Jan. 1, 1042, and others. 


1. John, ad. 1635; Dux.; had land at Is. ck., 1636; asst. 
and commissioner of the United Colonies; d. near Rehoboth. 
His wife Dorothy, d. Jan. 27, 1673, ant. 90. He had James 
of Swaiizey, who m. Lydia Howland ; and perhaps Copt. 
John, who in. Anne, and had Anne, 19 Sep., 1673, John, 

2. Peter, came in the Mayflower, Dux., 1637, m. Martha, 
had Mary alive, 1627. 

3. Amos, (from Boston,) Dux. ; m. Rhoda Winsor, Jan. 1, 
1784; had John, Feb. 17, 1784, a merchant of Boston, per- 
ished on board the Lexington steamer in Long Is. Sound ; m. 
Cornelia I^ittle, and had John. Cornelia and Dephina; Rhoda, 
who was the second wife of Henry (jooding; Betsij, the first 
wife of Henry Gooding: Nancy, m. Charles Prior; Charles; 

Note. Hannah, d. at Dux., Oct. 10, 1703, a;t. 17 — Joseph of Swan- 
zey, m. Hannah Fitch, 1680, and had Joseph, and Hannah (gemini), 21 
Nov., 1681. James, Jr. of Swanzey, had Margaret, 28 June, 1082. An- 
dia, (Swanzey,) m. Hezekiah Willet, Jan. 7, 1075 — William of Ply- 
mouth, m. Mary Murdock, July 10, 1049, and had Mary, 14 May, 1650, 
George, Jan. 16, 1051, William, Apr. 1, 1654, Samuel, Mar. 1055-6. 
Priscilla, m. Wm. Allin at Sandwich, Mar. 21, 1649. 


1. Stephen, a planter, 1643 able to bear arms in Dux.; ad. 
1654; 1650, bought 100 acres of meadow land North of Pine 
Point; m. Abigail, da. of John and Alice Shaw, and lived at 
Plymouth; had John, Apr. 7, 1650; Mary, 1654; Stephen, 

1641, m. John Gushing, 1057, d. 1079, aH. 38 ; Bethiah, bap. Jan., 1644, 
m. Benj. Stetson, Aug. 15, 1005 ; Mary, bap. Aug. 1640, m. Benj. Lor- 
ing, 1070, d. at Hull, 1714; James, bap. May 27, 1049, m Sarah Jacob, 
July 9, 1078 ; Deborah, bap. Mar. 22, 1052, vide text; Hannah, born .luiy 
22, 1055, ni. Peter Gushing, and d. Apr. 4, 1737. An Elizabeth Hawke, 
m. Stephen Lincoln, Feb. 1000. — llobarl's Journal. 

BUMPUS. 239 

Feb. 2, 1657, m. Mehetable, both alive 1691 (a Stephen, 
styled '-of y^ Major's purchase," m. in Dnx., Sarah Magoon, 
Nov. 23, 1710); Sarah, Nov. 28, 1659; Lydia, 23 Oct., 1662; 
Elizabeth, Oct. 17, 1665. 

Note. John, m. Elizabeth Witherell, Dec. 22, 1(351. John, m. Abigail 
Bryant, 23 Nov., 1665. Col. Rec. — JbAwof Scit., m. Mary, (da. of Geo. 
Lewis of Barnstable,) Nov. 4, 1643, who d. July 2, 1655, and had John, 
17 Aug., 1644, Hannah, 25 Jan., 1645, Sarah, 29 Sep., 1648, Mary, 24, 
Feb, 1649, d. 28 Apr., 1652, Martha, 26 Feb., 1651, Samuel, 6 Feb., 
1653. Col. Rec. 

2. Joshua., (s. of — ,) Dux.; b. Oct. 8, 1781, m. Princess, 
who was b. May 29, 1778, and had a family. 


The name was originally spelled Bompasse; but now Bum- 
pus or Bump. 

1. Edward, arrived at Plymouth, Nov. 10, 1621 ; of Dux. 
before 1634; bought land of Wm. Pahner, at Eagle Nest 
creek, built a house and " palisado " there, and sold it. 1634, 
to John Washburn; next of M., before 1640; and lived at 
Ducii hill in 1684, within M. bounds. Chd. — Edicard; 
John, had Mary 1671, John 1673, Samuel 1676, James 
1678, and this family were of Middleboro' and Rochester; 
Jacob 1644, of Scit., m. widow Elizabeth Blackmore, 1677, 
and had Benj. 1678, Jacob 1680; and perhaps Joseph, who 
had Lydia, 2 Aug., 1669, Wybra, 15 May, 1672 ; and Philip, 
who was alive 1677; and jr/io?7?.«s of Barnstable, 1679, for 
whose chd., see N. E Hist. Geneal. Reg. II. 

Note. Thomas, m. Rebecca Robin&on at Boston, Dec. 19, 1711. 


1. Thomas, Dux., 1637 lived near Wm. Basset; and 1638, 
sold his house and land to Nicholas Robbins, and next of 
Sandwich, when he m. Elizabeth Basset, 8 Nov., 1648. 

2. Jacob, Dux., m. Sarah Glass, 1779, d. Jan. 12, 1827; 
had Patience 1780, James 1784, Jacob 1785, Charles 1788, 
Spencer 1791, Consider 1793, Sarah 1795, Alden 1799, Nathl. 
A. 1803. 

Note. Jacob, m. Mary Hunt, Apr. 27, 1704 ; Nathl., m. Ruth Chand- 
ler, Dec. 19, 1748; Patience, m. Malachi Delano, 1770; Lucia, m. Benj. 
Pierce, May 11, 1775; William, m. Lucy Sampson, 1783, and had Abner, 
1785. Town Records — Francis, Boston, 1655. Roger, m. Sarah, and 
had Samuel, Nov. 17, 1060. Boston Records. 

240 ■ CARVER. 


1, William, Dux., 163S, when he was presented to the Court 
for disorderly living. A Richard Buriie was of Lynn, and 
removed to Sandwich, 1637. 


1. Thomas, Dux., m. AHce Wadsworth, May 10, 1722, and 
removed to Pembroke a. 1753. 

Note. Stephen, was of Swanzey, 1G83, and of Bristol, 1690. Col. 


\. Thomas, Dux., 1637; Sandwich, 1640; Dux. again 
1657, when he took the oath of fidehty. 


1. Robert. In 1638, had a grant of 20 acres at G. II. 
river; and a garden place at Stony bk. in Dux.: ad. 1644; 
and d. 1680, aet. 86; is called a "sawyer;" had JoA?«. m. 
Millicent Ford, and d. at M., 1679, ffit. 42, had 8 did. of 
whom John, removed from M., m. Mary Barnes, and had 
Dea. Josiali, who d. at Plymouth, 1751, aet. 63; WUliani, d. 
at M., Oct. 2, 1760, set. 102. A short time previous to his 
death, he with his son, grandson and great grandson, were all 
to work together in the field, and a great-great-grandson was 
in the house at the same time. — Belknap. 

Note. A Robert was in Boston, 1G68. Joshua d. at M., an. 90. 

2. John, Dux., 1640, when a meadstead was granted him 
there. A Ruth m. Beriah Delano, 1772. 

Note. Gov. John, arrived 1620 ; first governor of the Colony, a deacon 
of the chh. in Holland; came over with a family of eight persons, viz., 
himself and wife, John Huwland and wife (who was Carver's da.), one or 
more chd., (one of whom, Jasper, d. Dec. 6, 1620), and perhaps Henry 
Sampson and Humility Cooper. See Belknap's Biography. He d. April, 
1620, and his wife five or six weeks after. 



John Carew (as the name is early spelled) came from So- 
mersetsliire, Eng., at the age of 25, and settled in Dux. about 
1637, when he had a grant of ten acres ; but removed to 
Bridgewater ; m. Elizabeth, da. of Francis Godfrey, June, 
1614 ; he d. Nov. 2, 1681 ; she d. 1680 ; had at Dux. John, 
1645, Francis 1647, Elizaheih 1649, and at Brain tree James 
1652 ; and at Bridgew. eight others. See Hist. Bridgew. 


1. Nathaniel, Dux., owned land a. 1710 near James Bon- 
ney's. His name is written Chamberlane and Chamberland. 
Perhaps the one of Scit. who came prob. from Hull, and had 
Freedom 1697, Eunice 1698, and Joseph 1699. 

Note. Nathaniel of Pern, had Abigail and Joanna. 


The name is early spelled Chaundler, and later Chanler, 
but now Chandler. 

1. Edmund, of Dux. 1633, owned land near R. Hicks, 
which he sold, 1634, to John Rogers, and also land to Isaac 
Robinson. In 1636, he had granted to him " fourty acres of 
land lying on the east side of Moyses Synionson, where Mor- 
ris formerly began to cleare for Mr. Bowman;" which was 
afterwards made void, and 60 other acres granted. He had 
an apprentice, John Edwards, in 1638. Of Scit. in 1650. He 
d. 16G2, (will dated May 3, 1662,) leaving an estate of £38. 
He owned land at Barbadoes, which he gave to his das. Sa- 
rah, Anna, and Mary. He had another da. Ruth; and sons, 
Benjamin (2), Samuel (3), Joseph (4). 

2. Benjamin, (s. of 1,) Scit. ; m. Elizabeth, da. of Cornet 
John Buck; d. 1691, leaving an estate of £130; had Benja- 
min 1672, Martha 1673, Samuel 30th Nov. 1674, John 1675, 
Mary 1678. 

3. Samuel, (s. of 1,) Dux. ; had a grant, 1665, of 60 acres, 
" with condetion that he shall not sell it except to a towns- 
man ;" d. a. 1683, leaving an estate of £25. 

4. Joseph, (s. of 1,) Dux.; perh. of Sandwich 1661; how- 
ever of Duxbury in 1684; had John (5), Joseph (6), and per- 
haps Ecbnnnd of Dux. 1710, and Benjamin 1684, who d. 
March 26, 1771, set. 87. 



5. John, (s. of 4,) Dux. "June 2, 16S7. The town did 
give unto Josepli Chandler's son John, who by God's provi- 
dence lias lost his hand, 50 acres of land lying on the easterly 
side of the JSouth river, and northerly side of the place called 
the Rockes, provided that his father shall have liberty to sell 
or otherwise improve said lands for the benefit of the aforesaid 
child." — Town Rec. He in. Sarah Weston (b. 1G68), March 
4, 1708, and she d. April 13, 1764, a^t. 75^, and he d. April 7, 
1759, set. 82i. 

6. Joseph, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Martha Hunt, Feb. 12, 1701 ; 
had PhiUp, July 21, 1702 (9) ; Mary, Aug. 3, 1704; Joshua, 
July 7, 1706 (10); Zachariah, July 26, 1708; Edmund, April 
9, 1710; Ebenezer, Sept. 8, 1712 (11) ; Sarah, Oct. 25, 1714, 
m. Moses Soule, 1729; Martha, Nov. 23, 1716, (m. Thomas 
Weston, 1767?) ; Jonathan, Feb. 18, 1718 (12) ; Judah, Aug. 
13, 1720. 

7. Sabiuel, (perhaps s. of 3,) Dux. ; m. Margaret; had I\Iar- 
tha, Sept. 22, 1719; Abigail, July 1, 1721, m. David Delano, 
1740 ; Samncl, Oct. 3, 1723 ; Thomas, April 30, 1725 (8). 

8. Thomas, (s. of 7,) Dux. ; m. Silvia Bisbee Aug. 24, 1749, 
m. 2d Rhoda Blackmore May 6, 1762 ; had Thomas ; Lt. 
Samuel, m. Rebecca Johnson, who d. July 6, 1775, m. 2d 
Mary Johnson of K. March IS, 1779, and had Rebecca, m. 
Joshua Soule ; Olive, m. Samuel Winsor, m. 2d Samuel 
Bryant; Mary, m. Clark Winsor; Lydia ; Deborah, m. James 
Weston; Abigail m. (2d w.) James Weston; Samuel m. Nancy 
W^insor ; and Sophia; Bisbee, June 1, 1755, m. Abigail Brad- 
ford, had Lucy, 1787, Bisbee 1789, Abigail 1790, Deborah 
1794, Bradford 1799: by 2d w. Lutlier, 1766, d. 1775; Stephen, 
June 9, 1768, ni. Mary, who was b. May 11, 1772; Hoivard, 
m. Peggy, who d. May 19, 1844, and he d. March 11, 1844, 
and had Luther 1794, Joseph 1795, Thomas 1797, Howard 
1800, Seth D. 1803, and Jane 1809 ; Aaro7i, m. Silvia Delano, 
and was lost at sea, had l^clham July 22, 1795, and Nancy 
Aug. 17, 1799; William; Abi<^ail, m. Thomas Phillips 1771; 
Silvia ; Jemima ; Sa?'ah, and Lydia m. Zenas Delano 1789. 

9. Philip, (s. of 6,) Dux.; m. Rebecca Phillips Dec. 16, 
1725, who d. Jan. 1782, rot. 78 ; he d. Nov. 15, 1764, set. 62 ; 
had Nathan, Oct. 28, 1726 (13) ; Belty, Oct. 21, 1728 ; Perez, 
July 10, 1730 (14); £V/ie/- and Martha (gemini) May 31, 
1732; Pele^, April 27, 1735, removed to New Gloucester a. 
1764; Philip, Oct. 24, 1738, m. Christianna, had Adah Jan. 
13, 1765, m. Wm. Brewster, Molly JMarch 6, 1767, m. Wads- 
worth Chandler, Charles m. Anna Peterson, George removed 
to Maine, Christian m. Sylvanus Prior, Mercy and Orisons; 
Asa, March 1, 1743, m. Martha Delano June 30, 1763, had 
Asa, Jesse Oct. 19, 1776, m. Abigail (who was b. Oct. 17, 


1783), Peleo; m. Mercy Darling 1791, m. 2d Clarissa, and d. 
Feb. 24, 1825 (and had Pe^gy Oct. 11, 1791, Levi April 7, 
1794, Rebecca Jan. 16, 1799, Betsey July 16, 1802, Mercy, 
April 8, 1805, Peleg July 24, 1807, John July 24, 1807, Polly 
Soule, Sept. 5, 1810, Lydia D. Sept. 4, 1813, and by 2d w. 
Merrick Jan. 28, 1818, Edward Aug. 20, 1822, and Betsy D. 
April 2, 1825) ; Mary^ Sept. 25, 1744; Elijah, Jan. 4, 1747. 

10. Joshua, (s. of 6,) Dux. ; m. Mary Waste Nov. 27,1728; 
he d. May 1, 1782, set. a. 76 ; she d. April 28, 1794 ; had Jo- 
seph, Sept. 27, 1729, served in the Canada Expedition, d. on 
the return, had Esther, Susanna and Joseph ; Ezekiel, Sept, 
4, 1733, m. Mary, and had Hannah Soule Oct. 20, 1764, d. 
1780, Sarah Sept. 6, 1770, d. 1780, Charles June 9, 1771, 
Joshua 1758, Mary 1760, ni. Oliver Delano 1783, Eunice 1775, 
d. 1780 ; Sarah, Oct. 9, 1735, m. Noah Allen Nov. 18, 1762. 

11. Ebenezer, (s. of 6,) Dux. ; had Simeo7i, 1744, d. April 
17. 1767 ; Jit da h, d. April 24, 1772 ; Nalhajiiel, d. June 14, 
1773 ; Zilpha ; A?ma ; Sceva, m. Edith Sampson, who d. 
June 2, 1796. 

12. Jonathan, (s. of 6,) Dux.; m. Rebecca Packard Nov. 
27,- 1751; had John, d. young; John; Nathaniel, m. Ruth 
Fish of M. 1782; Ichabod ; Reuben; Avire, and Hannah. 

13. Nathan, (s. of9,) Dux.; m. Ruth, who d. Aug. 26, 

1767, oet. 42, m. 2d Esther Glass Feb. 20, 1770 ; had Ephraim, 
Lucy, Celah May 21, 1754, d. May 21, 1773, Hajinah, Ruth, 
Deborah, and by 2d w. Joseph and Ira. 

14. Perez, (s. of 9,) Dux.; m. Rhoda Wadsworth, Dec. 
11, 1755; had Betty, June 13, 1758, m. Joseph Darling, 1780; 
Philip, Apr. 12, 1761, lost at sea, m. Sally Loring; Perez, 
Dec. 28, 1764, m. Rebecca (Stetson?), who was b. Oct. 4, 

1768, and d. March 19, 1800, m. 2d, Ruth, who was b. at 
Pembroke, Apr. 25, 1774, and had Stetson, Nov. 30, 1791, 
Harvy, Mar. 24, 1793, Rebecca, Nov. 21, 1794, Rhoda W., 
Mar. 25, 1798, Ruth, Mar. 6, 1800, Lydia, (by 2d w.) May 
2, 1801, Nancy, May 23, 1802, Isaac, June 5, 1803, Benja- 
min, July 27,' 1804, Perez, Aug. 7, 1805, Philip, Nov. 30, 
1806, Ebenezer, Mar. 11, 1808, James, May 6, 1809, Judith, 
July 6, 1812, Sally, Feb. 23, 1814; Dr. Seth, Feb. 22, 1767, 
removed to Maine; Wadsworth, 1769, m. Molly Chandler, 
and had Elbridge, Wadsworth, and others; Rhoda, 1772, d. 
1791; Wealthea, 1774; Acenith, 1778; Daniel, Nov. 15, 
1778, m. Joanna, 1800, m. 2d, Alice, 1807. 

15. Nathaniel, (s. of — ,) Dux. ; d. in the expedition against 
the Spanish W. I., 1741; m. Zeruiah Sprague, Mar. 19, 1724, 
who d. Oct. 10, 1778, a3t. 73; had seven das., of whom Mer- 
cy, m. Peleg Sprague, 1746, m. 2d, Phineas Sprague, m. 3d, 
Ichabod Simmons. 


16. Capt. John, (s. of — ,) b. 1696, of Dux., d. Apr. 21, 
1764, get. G7h, had John, 1721. d. June 23, 1780, m. Sarah 
Weston, Nov. 4, 1743, who d. Feb. 10, 1773, act. a. 51, and 
had Rebecca, Candice, EHzabeth, m. John Oldham, 1779, and 
Abel m. Sarah Weston, 1783. 

17. Roger, ad. 1637, of Dux., at one time. d. before 1665,. 
when mention is made in Col. Rec. of his "three daughters." 
Probably Roi^er was a son, of Concord 1658, m. Mary Sim- 
mons 1671, d. 1717, she d. 1728. See Hist. Concord. 

18. Nathaniel, of Dux. 1643, able to bear arms. 

Note, iy^/ja, rn. Richard Higgins, Nov. 27, 1G34. Col. Rec. Esther, 
m. Jolin Glass, 1705; Mary, m. Ambrose Dawes, 1714; Joseph, 3d m. 
Elizabeth Delano, Sep. 8, 1720; Elizabeth, m. Pelatiah West, 1722; Ke- 
turah, m. Nathl. Sampson, 1703 ; Ruth, m. Nathl. Burgess, 1748; Riiby, 
m. Wm. Weston, 1700; Lydia, m. Abraham Evesor, Jan. 11, 1763; 
Elizabeth, 1736, d. Nov. 22, 1766, an. 30.— Town Rec— Thomas, of M. 
was father of Captains James and Henry (who m. Susanna Delano, 1790,) 
of Duxbury. 


1. Ralph, Dux. 1640; was a ship carpenter by trade, and 
latterly lived in M. He d. a. 1671. He m. Lydia Wills, 
Nov. 23, 1642. Chd. — Lydia, d. Nov. 26, 1649; Ralph, 20 
June, d. 29 Jidy, 1653; Mary, last of Oct. 1643, m. William 
Troop of Barnstable, 14 May, 1666; Sarah, 15 May, 1645, 
m. William Norcut; Isaac, 4 Aug., 1647 (2); Ralph, whose 
son was John (3). 

2. Isaac, (s. of 1,) Barnstable, m. Rebecca Leonard, 2d 
Sep., 1678. C\\± — Lezaia, 15 Dec, 1679; John, 12 May, 
1681; Hannah, 26 Dec, 1682, d. 6 July, 1689; Jaiwis, 5 
Aug., 1685; Abig-ail, 11 July, 1687; Hannah, 10 April, 
1690; Isaac, 29 Dec, 1692; Ralph, 19 Jan., 1695; Rebecca, 
20 June, 1697. — N. E. H. & G. Reg. HI. 84. 

3. John, (s. of Ralph, s. of 1,) M., removed to Newport, 
Rhode Island, returned and at Pembroke, "deceased 3d day 
of the 1st mo., 1811, and from the most accurate accounts 
which can be had in the matter, was one hundred and four 
years, two months and some days old." He retained to a 
remarkable degree his liealth and vigor to the last. About 
two years previous to his death, he rode on horseback a dis- 
tance of nine miles to visit his great grand daughter, that he 
might hold on his knees her two children, his descendants in 
the fifth generation. Coing into the yard he split a log of 
wood, mounted without assistance, and returned home. He 
m. Sarah, da. of Abraham and Abigail Booth, June, 1730. 

CHURCH. 245 

Chd. — Abigail, m. Ignatius Sherman, d. Dec. 1, 1821, set. 
88; Abraham; Ralph, m. Prudence Coleman, and his da. 
Prudence, in. Saml. Loring of Dux. ; Deliverance, June 4, 
173(3, m. Wing Rogers, 17G4, d. 176G; Sa7-ah, Sep. 5, 1738, 
m. .Tohn Rogers, 1759 ; Joh/i, Apr. 5, 1741 ; Mary, Jan. 2, 
1743, in. Joseph Rogers, 1786; William, Nov. 6, 1745. — 
Miss Thomas'' Communication. 

Note. John, ad. 1G34 ; Jacob, Boston, 1642; Richard, Braintree, m. 
Mary, and was kid. by the Indians, and had Susan 1647, Hope 1654, Mary 
1659, and Richard 16G2. Dea. Samuel, Westfield, 1660; Bobert of Conn. 
— Farmer df Boston Rcc. "1639, Nov., Old Chapman died." HobarVs 


1. Richard, b. IGOS, arrived 1630, admitted a freeman, Oct. 
4, 1632, (see p. 66), m. Elizabeth, da. of Richard Warren, a. 
1636, who d. at Hingham, Mar. 4, 1670. He was a sergeant 
in the Pequod war. He had chd. — Elizabeth, m. Caleb Ho- 
bart at Hingham, Jan. 20, 1657, and d. 1659 ; Benjamin, b. 
at" Plymouth, 1639 (2); Richard, d. young; JSathaniel, Hing- 
ham and Little Compton, m. Sarah Barstow, and d. before 
1700. — See Hist. Bridgevvater ; Joseph, see idem; Caleb, see 
idem; Abigail, b. June 22, 1747, m. Samuel Thaxter, 1666, 
and d. Dec, 1667; Deborah, Jan. 27, 1657, m. John Irish, Jr. 

2. CoL. Benjamin, the distinguished hero of the Indian wars, 
having served with honor in the war with Philip, was com- 
missioned by the Governors of Plymouth, ]\Iassachusetts and 
Maine, in Sep., 1689, to be commander of the forces to be 
sent against the Indians at the eastward, and here engaged in 
five campaigns, and finally returned home to his farm at 
Little Compton in 1705, where he died in 1718, as appears 
from his grave stone, which is inscribed as follows — 

Here lyeth Interred the Body 

of the Honourable 

CoL. Benjamin Church, Esq., 

who Departed this life January 

the Uth, 1717-8, in y^ 78 ijear of 

his Age. 

See page 106. He m. Alice Southworth, Dec. 26, 1667, 
and she d. Mar. 5, 1718-9, in her 73d year. Their chd. were 
Thomas, 1674 (3) ; Constant, May 12, 1676, a captain under 
his father; Benjamin, d. a bachelor; Edward, a captain 
imder his father, was father of Dea. Benjamin of Hollis street 
church in Boston, who was the father of Dr. Benjamin, the 
traitor of the Revolution, who married in England, and has 

246 CHURCH. 

posterity in this country; Charles had a numerous issue; 
Elizabeth, Mar. 26, 1684, m. Mr. Rothbotham; and Nathan- 
iel, July 1, 1686, and d. Feb. 29, 1687. 

it may here be mentioned tliat the house of Col. Church at 
Bristol, was standing a year or two since, if not now, and 
then bore visible proof of its age. 

3. Thomas, (s. of 2,) Little Compton, m. 1st, Sarah Ilay- 
man, Feb. 21, 1698, m. 2d, Editha Woodman, da. of John 
and Hannah, Apr. 16, 1712. She was born Sep. 7, 1685, and 

d. June 3, 1718 : m. 3d, Sarah -, who d. Apr. 22, 1768, 

set. 73 years. He d. Mar. 12, 1746, set. 72: he had chd., by 
1st wife — ,SV/mA. Jan. 15, 1700, d. Aug. 29, 1701 ; by 2d w. 
—Elizabeth, .Ian. 10, 1713; Hannah, Sep. 23, 1714; PrisdUa, 
Jan. 16, 1717, d. Mar. 15, 1744; Thomas, d. young; and 
perhaps Sarah; by 3d wife — Thomas, d. young; Sarah, 
May \o, 1721, m. Saml. Bailey, Apr. 29, 1742; Thomas, d. 
young; Benjamin, d. young; Mary, Jan. 2, 1725, m. Aaron 
Wilbor, Mar. 31, 1748; Hon. Thomas, Sep. 1, 1727, m. Ruth 
Bailey, Jan. 31, 1748, she was da. of Wm. and Dorothy, a«d 
was b. Aiig. 3, 1727, and d. Jan. 31, 1771 ; he m. 2d, Mary, 
da. of Wm. and Anne Richmond, Sep. 10, 1772, who was b. 
Dec. 26, 1735. His chd, were 17 in number, and his da. 
Mercy, b. Mar, 3, 1756, m. Dea. Sylvester Brownell, and d. 
Mar. 31, 1837, and they were parents of Bishop Brownell of 
Conn.; Benjamin, d. act. 17; Merci/, Sep. 18, 1734, m. 
Perez Richmond, Feb. 3, 1754. 

Note. Hannah Church, bap. Aug. 8, 1647. Charles, killed by the 
overturning of his cart, Oct, 30, 1G59. Mary, died at Duxbury, Apr. 30, 
1662, — Hobarfs Journal. 


1. Thurston, Plymouth 1634, Dux. afterwards. He came 
to his death on the night of Dec, 6, 1()61, by exposure to the 
cold, while returning from Plymouth, Estate £97 12^. 6r/, 
He m. Faith. Chd. Thurston and Harry. From some cause 
these two were unable to take care of themselves, and the 
town was ordered, 1682, to do it ; in 1690, as, say the records, 
"by reason of their age, indiscretion and weakness of under- 
standing," they cannot provide for themselves, the Court ap- 
pointed certain individuals to have the management of their 
estates, which were sufficient for them; Faith, m. Edward 
Dotey, who had Edward (d. a, 1690), John, Isaac, 8 Feb., 
1647, Joseph, 30 Apr.. 1651, 

2. Thomas, supposed mate of the Mayflower, arrived 162.3, 
111, Susanna, da, of widow Mary Ring, before 1631, and d. 
Mar. 24, 1697, set. 97. He m, 2d prob., widow Alice Nichols 

CLARK. 247 

of Boston, 16G4, da. of Richard Hallet. Chd. — Wima?n (3) ; 
James, m. Abigail Lathrop, Oct. 7, 1657; Nathaniel, the sec- 
retary ; Andrew ; Susanna, m. Barnabas Lathrop, 13 Nov., 

3. William, (s. of 2,) Dnx., 1643; prob. of Bridgewater 
1645; will dated Jan. 3, 16S7, d. same year. He m. Martha 
Nash. He bequeathed to her his land and orchard; to his 
"pretending relation," Wm. Clark of Plymouth, 18c/; to Wm. 
Conney, whom he brought up, his house. His estate £50, as 
per inventory May 9, 1687. 

4. John, (gd. s. of Thomas 2,) Barnstable, m. Mary Benja- 
min, 16 Aug, 1695; d. at Plymouth, 1712. Chd. Jo/iti, 16 
Nov. 1697; Joseph, father of Isaac, who went to Hardwich; 

5. Elias. Dux. Chd. Melinda ; Silvia; James; Mary; 
Barnabas ; Elbridge G. ; John S., born from 1794 to 1815. 

Note. George, ra. Alice Martin, 22 Jan., 1G38. Col. Rec. — Abigail, 
m. Dr. Harlow, Sep. 11, 1745. — Sarah, m. Joha Soutlnvoith of M., 9 
Nov., 1748. 


1. John Coe, Dux., m. Sarah Pabodie, Nov. 10, 1681. 
Chd. Lydia, Feb. 26, 1682; Sarah, Feb. 25, 1685. 

Note. Ma^/Aeu', Portsmouth, 1640; Robert, ad. 1634, Conn., removed 
to Long Island. 


1 Job, Dnx., removed to Eastham, ad. 1639; m. Rebecca 
Collier, May 15, 1634. Chd. Joh?i(2); Job (3) ; Rebecca; 
Daniel (4). 

2. John (s. of 1). His will mentions "Master Collyer's 
men," Edward, Joseph, Arthur, Ralph and John. Perhaps 
the Lt. John Cole, who died at Eastham, 1667, whose son 
John, m. Ruth Snow, 10 Dec, 1666, and had Ruth and John 
and six others. 

3. Job (s. of 1). Chd. Rebecca, 26 Aug., 1654; Daniel. 

4. Daniel (s. of 1). Town Clerk of Eastham. Chd. 
Israel, 8 Jan. 1653; 3Iary, 10 Mar., 1658. 

5. James, Plymouth, innkeeper, 1638. His children were 
James, m. Mary Tilson, 23 Dec, 1652, and had Mary, 3 Dec, 
1653, who m. John Lathrop, 3 Jan., 1671. 

6. Hugh. Plymouth, removed to Swanzey, m. Mary Fox- 
well, Jan. 8, 1654, and had chd. James, Nov. 8, (3) 1655 ; 


Hugh, March 15, (S) 1658; John, May 16, (15) 1660; Mar- 
tha, Apr. 14. (16) 1662; Anna, Oct. 14, 1664; Ruth, Jan. 17, 
(8) 1666; Joseph, May 15, 1668. 

Note. The days of the month are recorded differently in two separate 
places as above. 

7. Nathaniel, Dux., 1679, had 26 acres granted him east of 
S. R. ; m. Sarah , and was alive in 1710. Clid. Rebec- 
ca, Sep. 21, 1680; Mary, Nov. 13, 1682; Nathaniel, Oct. 11, 
1685, m. Abigail West, Aug. 4, 1714; Ephraim, June 14, 
1688 (8). 

8. Ephraim, (s. of 7,) Dux., removed to North Yarmouth, 
1753; m. Susanna Waste, March 2, 1724, and had chd. Job, 
Mar. 20, 1725; Noah, Mar. 26, 1727; Rebecca, Nov. 28, 
1729; Ebenczer, Oct. 28, 1732; Ruth, i\Iay 5, 1735; Eunice, 
Feb. 12, 1740. 

9. Jabez, m. Grace Keen, Aug. 23, 1744, had West, 1745, 
and removed to Pembroke about 1750. 

Note. /oAn Cole m. Elizabeth Ryder, 21 Nov., 1667. Col. Rec. — 
Sarah, m. John Delano, July 2, 1718; Samuel, d. at Dux., 1756, Dec. 4, 
a;t. 59; James, Scituate, 1653, had perhaps Ambrose, also of Scituate. 
Hist. Scituate ; Gforge, Lynn, removed to Sandwich, and d. 1653 ; Samud, 
Boston, arrived 1630, kept a house of entertainment, a confectioner or com- 
fit maker, m. Margaret Greene, d. 1667, had a da. Mary, who m. Edmund 
Jackson, cordwainer; Isaac, Charlestown 1640, d. June 10, 1674, had 
Abraham, 1636, and Jacob, 1641 ; Richard, Hampton, 1643. Suffolk Deeds. 


1. Mr. William, Dux., vide first settlers. He d. a. 1671 ; 

m. Jane (?); chd. Sarah, m. Love Brewster, May 15, 

1634, m. 2d, Parks, and d. 1650; Elizabeth, m. C. 

Southworth, Nov. 2, 1637; Rebecca, m. Job Cole, May 15, 
1634; Mary, became tlie 2d w. of Gov. Prencc, Apr. 1, 1635. 

1. John. Dux., 1666. Vide chh. history. 


1. William, Dux., yeoman, 1637, fined for breaking into 
Robert Paddock's house (1638) and taking from a chest 
135. 8(/. 



Name also spelled Gulliver. Henry^ m. Mary Trasie, 
Jan. 27, 1712; Charity, m. Seth Bartlett, Feb. 27, 1736; 
Thomas, m. Ketiirah Sampson, Oct. 26, 1743, and d. at the 
eastward, Sep. 8, 1762, set. 42 years; John, m. Betty Delano, 
Aug. 31, 1769; Peleg, m. Ruby Sampson, Dec. 15, 1774, had 
two sons, one Peleg m. a da. of Jephthah Delano, and the 
other removed to Maine ; John CuUifer, a mariner, was in 
Boston 1656. 


EUsha m. Amy West, May 17, 1705; David, of Hanover, 
m. Bethiah Sprague, Dec. 14, 1732; Sylvanus, of Plymouth, 
m. Dorothy Delano, Nov. 26, 1734, had Hannah 1739 and 
Sylvanus, b. at Dux., who served in Capt. Sturtevant's com- 
pany in 1755, and d. in the West Indies 1766, get. 26 ; Simeon, 
of Scituate, m. Acenith Sprague April 20, 1742 ; Elijah, m. 
Abigail Soule 1756, and had Zynthia Bartlett and Capt. Eli- 
jah ; Hannah m. Zebdiel Weston Feb. 22, 1769; Jesse, va. 
Hannah Phillips July 28, 1774. 


Joshua, Dux. 1711. Joshua m. Mary Freeman, Sept. 27, 
1763, and had children — Nathaniel, Joshua, and Benjamin — 
Joshua (s. of Josh, and Mary) m. Joanna Prior and had chd. ; 
Joshua m. Caroline Bradford (and had Joshua, George, and 
Thomas B.) ; Joanna m. Capt. M. Waterman ; Nancy; Sally 
m. George Peterson, m. 2d Mr. Atkins of Provincetown ; Jane 
m. Peleg Cook of Dux.; and Mary. — Jairus, d. at sea, set. 
26, Jan. 1765 ; Mary, d. July 4, 1769, a3t. 25 ; Bethiah, m. 
Benjamin Peterson 1758; Mi^Aa^fe/, and Jemima Ford, both 
of M., m. April 16. 1747 ; Lydia, m. Isaac Simmons Oct. 24, 


1. Joshua (perhaps s. of Thomas of Dux. in 1701,) had chd. 
Joseph (2) ; Joshua (3) ; Mary, m. Joshua Soule, Jr. Feb. 14, 
1765; Ezra; Paid; Apollos, bap. 1744; Cephas, 1746; 
Soule, 1748. 

2. Joseph, (s. of 1,) Dux., m. Elizabeth , had chd. 

George, Jan. 5, 1759 ; Hannah, Nov. 8, 1761 ; David, 1767, 


250 DA^IMON. 

d. young ; David ; Joseph Soulc ; Abigail ; Lydia Sotde ; 
Sarah ; Elizabeth. 

3. Joshua, (s. of 1,) Dux,, m. Mercy Wadsworth Nov. 17, 
17G3. Chd. Joshua, Aug. 14, 1764, d. Nov. 12, 1776 ; John 
Wadsuorth. Aug. 29, 1766, lost at sea; Mary, Aug. 15, 1768; 
Capt. Ezra. Oct~24, 1770, m. Sarah Bradford, and had JuHus 
Bradford, Sept. 1801, d. Nov. 8, 1804, Sarah, who m. Wilhain 
Bradford; Mercy, March 25, 1774, ni. Mr. Oweu of Porthind ; 
Charlemagne, June 30, 1776, m. Miss Owen of Porthxnd, 
where he settled. 

4. George, (s. of 2.) lived at I'owder point, had chd. jhina, 
1788 ; George, 1791, m. Saba Ripley ; Abigail, 1793, m. Dura 
Wadsworth; JIannah ; Betsy, 1798; Joseph, 1800; Briggs, 

5. David, (s. of 2.) Dux., had chd. Capt. David, m. Mary 
Alden. widow of Daniel Sampson; Elisha. 

Note. Allerton of Plympton m. Alethea Soule, Jan. 30, 1735 ; Marcia 
of Plymouth m. John Barker, Dec. 10, 1732 ; Joshua of Lebanon, Conn., 
m. Mary Soule, Jan. 2, 1733. 

Widow Mary Casement d. Aug. 25, 1735, " ahout y^ mid- 
dle of y« forenoon." 

Job Crooker^s wife, Elizabeth, d. 1789. 


Israel m. Zeruiah Wattles, March 8, 1769, had Mason and 
Irene; Thomas had Ezekiel, who d. 1778, a3t. 6 years; Gam- 
aliel m. Huldah Delano, 1780, who d. Dec. IS, 1781 ; Sam- 
uel, d. Dec. 1795. 


Samuel, (s. of Samuel, who d. Blay 31, 1790, act. 55,) Dux., 

m. Priscilla . Chd. Lydia 1774; Mary ; Mercy C, d. 

June 1, 1792; Hannah 1784; Betsey 1786; Samvel 1789; 
Abigail 1791; John 1793; Joseph 1796 ; Weston 1798; Peter 

Note. Joseph m. Betty Chandler, 1780 — John, Braintree, 1660-90. 


Dolor, Dux. 1640, had land N. W. of North hill ; and same 
year 50 acres at Namasakeeset. Removed to Barnstable. 

DELANO. 251 


John, (planter,) owned 100 acres north of Pine point, which 
he sold 16.50. There was o. John, ad. 1637, Mass. Colony; 
Georn;e, Wiscasset, 1666 ; Daniel^ Kittery, 1652 ; Humplwey^ 
ad. 1665, Boston, asst., merchant. 


1. Ambrose, Dux., m. 1st Mehitable ; m. 2d Mary 

Chandler, July 8, 1714. She d. Feb. 1, 1768, cEt. 89. Chd. 
PrisciUa, Sep. 13, 1712 ; Ebenezer (2) and Thankful (twins) 
April 16, 1715 ; Gideon, Sep. 26, 1718. 

2. Ebenezer, (s. of 1,) Dux.; m. Mary , and had 

chd. Ambrose, July 21, 1740, m. Deborah, had Nancy April 
22, 1764; Huldali Jan. IS, 1766; Rispah June 23, 1767 ; Reuel 
April 22, 1769; Diana, Oct. 30, 1741; Gideon, Feb. 7, 1743, 
m. Sarah Phillips Dec. 26, 1771, d. in the camp at Roxbury, 
Alarch 26, 1776 ; Thomas, m. Rebecca Phillips July 31, I77i ; 
Ebenezer, 1750, m. Priscilla, d. at Kingston May 2, 1822, set. 
72, and she d. Dec. 13, 1838, set. 86 years. ' Their son Abra- 
ham m. Deborah, and is the father of Capt. Allen, Capt. Jo- 
sephus, James H., and Harriet ; Reuel, 1744, d, at sea Nov. 
18, 1767, aet. 23 years. 

Note. WiUia7n, bricklayer, Boston, ad. 1646, d. 24 March, 1703, aet. 
86, had Ambrose, at Braintree, July 25, 1642, William, at Boston, 1655, 
and Robert 1656. Diadcma m. Nathan Brewster 1784. 

/ V 
DELANO. \ / 

1. Philip, {y'ld^Q first settlers,^ b. 1602 ; ad. Jan. 1, 1632 ; m. 
Dec. 19, 1634, Hester Dewesbury ; m. 2d Mary, '^ widow of 
James Glass, in 1657; d. a. 1681, set. 79 years, leaving an es- 
tate of £50. They had chd. Philip (2) ; Thomas (3) ; John 
(4); Jane; Rebecca; Samvel {o); iViary, m. Jonathan Dun- 
liam 29 Nov. 1655 ; she d. and he m. Mary Cobb 16 Oct. 1657 ; 
Jonathan (6) ; Hester. 

2. Philip, (s. of 1,) Dux. Chd. Philip 1678 (7). 

3. Thomas, (s. of 1,) Dux., m. Mary, da. of John Alden, 
before 1667; m. 2d, widow Hannah Bartlett, Oct. 24, 1699; 
had Thomas, who lived in the southeast part of the town. 

4. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., was alive 1690. Lived on the north 
side of the path, which led from the Mill to South river. 

252 DELANO. 

5. Samuel, (s. of 1,) Dux., m. Elizabeth, da. of Alexander 
"^ Standish. In 16S6, he was allowed to settle on land north of 

' G. H. bk. 

6. Jonathan (s. of 1.) removed to Dartmouth, where he 
was selectman and lieutenant. Had Jabez, who m. Mercy 
Delano of Dux. Feb. 8, 1710. 

7. Philip, (s. of 2,) Dux., a prominent member of the Clih. ; 

m. Elizabeth , who d. Nov. 7, 1756, a3t. 75. He d. May 

24, 1761, a^t. 83J. Chd. Mary, Oct. 27, 1717, m. John Hanks 
Jan. 16, 1735; Elizabeth, Nov. 12, 1719; Malachi, Sept. 20, 
1721; Jiidah, Aug. 16, 1724 (8); Abigail, Sept. 30, 1725, m. 
Abisha Soule May 14, 1741. 

8. JuDAH, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. Lydia . He d. May 1816, 

aBt. 92. Chd. Alpheus, bap. 1744, m. Margaret Sides, 1770, 
had Nathan 1771 ; Saliima, bap. 1746 ; Malachi, bap. 1748, 
m. Patience Burgess 1770, who d. 1776, m. 2d Sybil Delano, 
1778; and had Jabez 1772, Asa 1773, Nathaniel 1774, and 
Nathan ; Judah, bap. 1752 ; Noami ; JephOiah, Oct. 29, 1754, 
m. Rebecca, who was b. Oct. 25, 1764. He d. Dec. 23, 1843, 
and had Salomi 1785. Martha 1786, Abigail 1787, Joanna S. 
1789, d. 1792, Asa C.'l791, d. 1792, Joanna S. 1796, Asa C. 
1799, Rebecca M. 1801, Henry S. 1803, Jephthah 1806; Pris- 
cilla, bap. 1756; Philip, bap. 1761, m. Mary Fuller 1783; 
Tirzah, bap. 1765; Eunice, bap. 1768. 

9. Jonathan, (s. of — ,) Dux. He was b. 1676, m. Hannah 
Doten Jan. 12, 1699. He d. Jan. 6, 1765, at. 89. She d. 
April 12, 1764, aged 87| years. Chd. John, Oct. 11. 1699, 
m. Sarah Cole July 2, 1718. The widow Sarah d. Feb. 19, 
1764, ffit. 70; Jonathan, Nov. 3. 1701 ; Nathan, Oct. 26, 1703 ; 
Amasa, Nov. 15, 1705, d. May 14, 1706; Ruth, May 25, 1707; 
Amasiah, Aug. 7, 1709 (10) ; Hannah. Dec. 28. 1711 ; Doro- 
thy, April 3, 1714, d. Dec. 10, 1714; Dorothy, Oct. 14, 1715, 
m. Sylvanus Curtis of Plymouth, Nov. 26, 1734 ; Ebenezer, 
March 29, 1717 (11); David, June 3, 1720, m. Abigail 
Chandler May 28, 1740, and d. in the army at the westward, 
of small pox, 1760. 

10. Amasiah, (s. of 9,) Dux. ; m. Ruth Sampson Jan. 8, 1730. 
He d. Aug. 5, 1790. Chd. Zenas, 1741, killed by the Indians 
at the westward 1760 ; Cornelins, 1742, m. Sarah Peterson 
June 24, 1762, who d. 1816. Their chd. were George, Zcnas 
m. Lydia Chandler 1789, and Sylvia, who m. Aaron Chand- 
ler; Jemima, 1745, m. Benja. Gooding, of Pembroke, Oct. 11, 
1764; Thofuas, 1748, m. Azaba Wormall Dec. 23, 1762; 
t^ilaia, 1750; Ezekiel ; Hannah; Ruth, 1753; Barzilla, 
1756, m. Elizabeth Delano 1779. 

11. Ebenezer, (s. of 9,) Dux., familiarly styled "old king 
Eben," m. Lydia VVormall May 16, 1745, she d. Sept. 4, 1756; 

DELANO. 253 

m. 2d Deborah Delano Dec. 29, 1757 : lie d. March 23, 1794 
Chd. Nathaniel, m. Deborah Si)ragiie March 3, 1774, had Na- 
thaniel, the father of Nathaniel, Alden, Lnther, John, and 
others ; Luther m. Irene Sampson Jan. 20, 1774 ; Bernice m. 
John Glass May 30, 1773. 

12. Ebenezer, (s. of — .) Dnx., m. Martha Simmons, Dec. 
29, 1699. She afterwards m. Samuel West, Jnne 20, 1709. 
Chd. Jo5/w«, Oct. 30,1700(13); Thankful, June 8, 1702; 
Ahia^ Aug. 17, 1704, m. Nathaniel Bartlett, Dec. 16, 1725. 

13. Joshua, (s. of 12,) Dux., m. Hopestill Peterson. Chd. 
Lydia, Jnly 12, 1723; Rhoda, Feb. 28, 1731, m. Samuel 
Winsor, Feb. 18, 1746; Silvia, Jan. 22, 1733; Hopestill, 
(son,) June 19, 1735; Beza, (da.) Nov. 24, 1737; Martha, 
Sep. 21, 1739, m. Asa Chandler, June 30, 1763; Wealthea, 
Dec. 7, 1741 ; Joshua, Sep. 30, 1744 ; Thankful, d. Jan. 13, 

14. Samuel, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Elizabeth Boney of Pem- 
broke, May 1, 1719; she d. Mar. 17, 1777. Chcl. Buth, Feb. 
25, 1720; Elisha, May 25, 1722; Pritice, Apr. 26, 1725; 
Ichabod, Apr. 28, 1728, m. Huldah, and d. May 8, 1778, had 
a son Samuel, who d. 1778, at. 18 years. Huldah Delano 
m. Gaml. Dammon, 1780; Betty, June 30, 1730, m. Ephraim 
Waterman, "late of Kingston, now resident in Dux.," June 
4, 1746 ; Abigail, Nov. 12, 1734. 

15. Beriah, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Naomi, and had chd. Ich- 
abod, June 7, 1735, m. Huldah Sampson, Feb. 15, 1759; 

William, May 31, 1737 ; iSylvanus, June 15, 1739, m. 1st, 
Azuba, who d. Jan. 17, 1764, set. 21| years, m. 2d, Huldah 
AVoodcock, Dec. 3, 1764; Lemuel, Sep. 24, 1741, m. Rachel 
Gurnet of Abington, Nov. 11, 1768, and removed to Hanover; 
Elizabeth, May 28, 1743. (Betty Delano m. John Cullifer 
1769) ; Betijaniin, 1745. 

16. Benjamin, (s. of — ,) Pembroke, removed to Scituate 
1770, a ship builder for 40 years; m. Mary, da. of Wm. 
Brooks 1774, had chd. William, 1775, d. 1814, m. Sarah 
Hart, had 3 sons and 4 das.; Mary, 1776, m. widower Rev. 
Elijah Leonard of M. ; Sarah, 1782, m. Samuel Foster. 

17. Ber[ah, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Ruth Carver, Apr. 11, 
1772, had Ichabod, June 7, 1773 ; and Beriah, June 25, 1775. 

18. Reuben, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Deborah . He d. 

1797. Their chd. Elizabeth, Sep. 10, 1755, m. Barzilla Dela- 
no, 1779; Rebecca, Sep. 25, 1727; Reuben, Juue 26, 1761, 

m. Luna , who was born Feb. 18, 1766, and had Elijah 

1792, Anna 1795, Cynthia 1797 and Celia 1802 ; Deborah, 
July 25, 1765, m. Peter Winsor, Oct. 1783; Sarah, Feb. 18, 
1771 ; Beri, Oct. 9. 1772. 

254 DELANO. 

19. Lemuel, (b. 1712; s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Lydia Bartlett, 
July 9, 1741, and d. Sep. 6, 1778, set. 06, nearly. Chd. 
Esther, m. Ezra Howard, Dec. 17, 1772; Lydia, never ni. ; 
Rebecca, m. Joseph Peterson, Apr. 21. 1773; Jerusha ; Icha- 
bod removed to Maine; Hannah, m. Joshua \\ inslow, Dec. 
3, 1772 ; Mart/, unni. 

20. IcHABOD, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Lydia. and had chd. Hul- 
dah.Sep. 17,1788; Betsy, Mar. 23, 1790; Lydia, Nov. 3, 
1791; Rebecca, June 9, 1793; Olive, July 2, 1795; Sophia, 
Aug. 7, 1797; Sa7miel, Oct. 22, 1798; Nancy, May 16, 1800; 
Mary, June 3, 1801. 

21. Capt. Samuel, (s. of—,) Dux., b. 1739, d. Nov. 6, 1814, 
set. 7o] m. Abigail Drew, Apr. 5, 1762 ; she d. Sep. 25, 1811, 
set. 69, nearly. Their chd. were Capt. Ainasa Delano, Feb. 
21, 1763; Sanmel, m. Lucy Winsor, and had Franklin, Olive 
T., Alexander, Lucy W., Samuel, Almira, Henry T., Benj. 
F., Nancy and Winslow; William, m. Fanny Sampson, and 
was lost at sea, and two sons with him; Alexander, 1780; 
Irene, May 6, 1765, m. Joshua Bates; Betsy, m. 1st Mr. 
Moody, m. 2d Mr. Thaxter; Abigail, Sep. 28, 1771, m. Wins- 
low Thomas; Elizabeth Tamer, Nov. 25, 1778; Na?icy, m. 
Dea. George Loring. 

22. Isaac, (s. of — ,) Dux.; ra. Elizabeth White Ripley, 
Aug. 26, 1782; chd. Lucy, July 4, 1784, m. Saml. Loring; 
Elizabeth, 1788, m. John Partridge; Dorcas, 1790; Benja- 
9nin, 1794, d. in Dartmoor prison, 1814: Hannah, 1796, m. 
George Winsor; Sally, 1799; Nancy, 1801, m. Mr. Drew of 
K. ; Judith, 1803; Isaac, 1805; James, 1808. 

23. Joseph, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Hannah , who d. 

Jan. 16, 1763, set. 73; he d. May 22, 1770, set. 84| years. 
He was the father of Elijah, who d. Jan. 1, 1739. 

24. Daniel, (s. of — ,) Dux. His chd. Levi, 1741, d. in 
the army at the westward, of small pox, 1760; Martha, 
1743; Zispah, 1745; Jonathan, 1748, ni. Ruth Delano, Sep. 
14, 1774. 

Note. Hasadiah, b. 1691, d. Dec. 9, 1770; Many, b. 1092, d. May 7, 
1771 ; Jane, 1685, d. Apr. 7, 1705 ; the selectmen were ordered " to take 
care of her and improve her esstate ; " Lydia, m. Josiah Soulc, 1701 ; il/<r- 
cy, m. Jabez Delano, 1710 ; Mercy, m. Wm. Spooner of Dartmouth, Nov. 
25, 171.3; widow Mary, d. Jan. 4, 1781, a?t. 72i, b. 1709; Nathaniel, m. 
Mercy Boney, Oct. 21, 1711 ; Hannah, m. Eleazer Harlow, Oct. 6, 1715 ; 
Rebecca, m. Benj. Southworth, 1715 ; PrisciUa, m. Benj. Simmons, 1715 d. 
" in y« night," Feb. 7, 1716; Elizabeth, m. Joseph Chandler 3d, 1720; 
Israel, b. 1720, d. Sep. 4, 1765, act. 44 years 11 months ; Mary, b. 1732, d. 
May 12, 1783, aet. GO ; John, Jr., m. Ruth Prior, Jan. 30, 1724 ; Bcbccca, 
m. Amasa Turner, May 2, 1727; Sarah, m. Joshua Simmons, 1728; Ju- 


dilh, b. 1728, d. May 6, 1773, aet. 45 ; Mercy, m. John Prior, 1735 ; Lydia, 
m. ichabod Wormall, 1736 ; widow Delano, alias Curtis, had Mary and 
Nathl., bap. 1741; Abigail, 1756, d. 1771; Jesse, d. "in ye army at 
ye westward," Aug. 8, 1758, FJijah, b. 1750, d. Jan. 8, 1785, a;t. 29; 
Joseph, Jr., had Mary, 1764 ; Isaac, d. 1777 ; Salome, m. Joshua Winslow, 
1780 ; Nathan, Sep. 8, 1780, m. Mercy, who was b. Sep. 10, 1781 ; Icha- 
bod, m. widow Delano, 1780 ; Oliver, ra. Mary Chandler, 1783 ; John, 
May 5, 1789, ni. Sally, who was b. Oct. 4, 1785 ; Dr. Benony, d. Apr. 5, 
1738; two Samuels are mentioned 1710. 


Lambert, Dnx., 1701. "The town gave their consent to 
Mr. Despar to purchase about fourteen acres of land within 
this township of an Indian named Jeremiah." In the town as 
late as 1712. 


WiLTJABi, desired land in Duxbury, 1640. 


1. John, Lynn, Sandwich, 1637, Marshfield, ad. 1644, had 
chd. Jacob (2); Mary, m. Josiah Standish; Hannah, m. J. 

2. Jacob, M. d. 1091, m. Elizabeth, had John (3), and Jo- 

3. John, M. d. 1690, m. Sarah Porter, had Jacob (4). 

4. Jacob, Dux., d. Dec. 24, 1772, set. 69, m. Mary , and 

had chd. Abner, Jan. 21, 1732 (5) ; Mary, Nov. 10, 1735, m. 
Simeon Cook Jan. 1, 1756; Sarah, April 11, 1742; Abigail, 
May 5. 1745 ; Jacob (6). 

5. Abner, Dux., m. Ruth , had Amasa, Feb. 15, 1760 ; 

Abner, July 23, 1761 ; Nathaniel Barker, June 19, 1764. 

6. Jacob, m. Susanna, who d. March 17, 1782, set. 48, had 
chd. Elkanah, Nov. 9, 1754 ; Levi, Oct. 18, 1756 (7) ; Desire, 
Feb. 7, 1758, m. Mr, Bisbee ; Susanna, April 26, 1764, m. 
Capt. Bailey Young of M. 1782; Jacob, Nov. 1, 1767; Ezra, 
Aug. 5, 1770 ; John, June 6, 1773. 

7. Levi, Dux., m. Hannah Peterson, 1778, had Spencer, 
April 14, 1779. 

8. Joseph, (s. of — ,) m. Hannah, and had Joseph, June 29, 
1793 ; Hannah, Nov. 9, 1794 ; Esther, Oct. 14, 1796. 

256 DREW. 


1. John, a Welshman, and sliip-carpenter, arrived at Ply- 
mouth 1G60, had five sons, of whom three settled in Plymouth 
and two in Duxbury — so says an authority; hut I find no 
mention of a Drew in Dux. previous to Samuel, No. 3. He 
had a da. Elizabeth, 5 Feb. 1673. His son Samuel d. 21 
May, 1678; " going on board of a shallopp, finding there a 
bottle of liquor and drinking too much of it, that as he went 
to gett out of the boate, he fell from the boate into the water 
and sand " and was drowned. 

2. Samuel, prob. gd. s. of John No. 1, m. Lydia. 

3. Samuel, (s. of William, who was b. in Dux., but lived 
and died in K.) Dux. ; b. Aug. 1713. He m. Anna, da. of 
Richard and Katuen White of Plymouth, Dec. 28, 1736. She 
was b. March 1716, and d. May 27, 1745, wt. 29. He m. 2d 
Faith Peterson, Oct. 22, 1746 ; he d. in 1800, ret. 89. Chd. 
Joseph, who m. a da. of Dea. Thomas of M. ; iSylvamis (4) ; 
Perez (5) ; Isaac, 1748 (6) ; Consider (7) ; Leicis, bap. 1758 ; 
Sarah, m. Dea. James Soulhvvorth, 1762 ; Abigail, m. Capt. 
Samuel Delano 1762; Lucy, bap. 1740; i??/n«ce, bap. 1741 ; 
Lydia, bap. 1742; Ann, bap. 1750, m. Joseph Wadsworth, 

4. Sylvanus, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Mercy Clark, and had chd. 
Charles, Nov. 3, 1765, who had Betsy 1795, m. John Frazar, 
m. 2d Capt. Winthrop Babbage ; Clarlc, 1797, m. Catharine 
Wadsworth; Sylvanus, 1799, m. Miss Nickerson ; Sally, 1800, 
m. Briggs Thomas; Hannah, 1801, m. George Winslow; 
Charles, 1803, m. Hannah Thomas; George, and Lucy died 
young — Reuben, Dec. 27, 1766, m. Sally Loring, m. 2d 
Temperance Brooks of Scituate, who d. Nov. 8, 1838. They 
had Mary 1793, Reuben 1795, and Joseph 1797; and by 2d 
w., William 1806, m. Mary Basset, Henry 1808, Temperance 
1810, George 1812, John B. 1817, m. Frances James Winsor 
1848, Edward 1814, Alfred 1821 — Clark, April 3, 1769, m. 
Eliza Bosworth 1792 — Sally, m. Daniel Bradford — Hannah 
m. Dea. George Loring 1802, he d. July 1819 — Wcahhea, 
m. Dea. G. Loring 1820 — Lucy — Joshua, killed accident- 
ally Dec. 11, 1790 — Zilplia, m. Capt. Jonathan Smith. 

5. Perez, (s. of 3,) m. Zilpha Wadswortli Feb. 6, 1772, 
who d. Jan. 3, 1778. 

6. Isaac, (s. of 3,) Dux.; m. Wealthea Bradford, Oct. 1, 
1781, and had Timotliy, m. Miss Thompson of Bridgewater ; 
Lazarus; Wealtltea ; Cajd. Joshua, m. Merinda Wadsworth; 
and John. A da. m. Dr. Snow of Boston, and six others. 

EATON. 257 

7. Consider, (s. of 3,) Dux. ; bap. 1745, m. Jane; and had 
Ellis, Jan. 15, 1769; and Lucia, June 16, 1771. 

Note. Cornelius of K. m. Sarah Bartlelt, Feb. 27, 1729 ; Perez of K. 
m. Abigail Soule, Sept. 3, 1730, who d. Oct. 23, 1767, aged 51i; he d. 
Nov. 12,1774, set. 70, had Lemuel and John; Hannah, m. Benjamin 
Switzer 1757.* 


Richard, of Dux., early m. Eamie Glass, m. 2d Elizabeth 
Simmons. He was also of Hinghain, and had chd. there in 
1660. Mary, (Scituate) m. Nathaniel Brewster, 1705. 

Jeremiah Dillingham, Dux., 1758 ; his w. d. Oct. 10, 177S, 
set. 82 — Princee Dillingham (Pemb.) m. Nehemiah Peterson 
Dec. 13, 1764 — Joseph Z>oce, Dux.. 1800, m. Lydia (b. June 
13, 1773), had Susanna and Hannah C. 


1. Francis, arrived in 1620; a carpenter; removed to Dux. 
His 1st w. d. before 1627, and he next m. Christian Penn, 
and d. in 1636 or 7. He had Samuel (2) ; Benjamin, of Dux. 
1648, of Plym. 1650 ; m. Sarah ; had William, who d. before 
1691 : perhaps Rachel, who m. Joseph Ramsden March 2, 

2. Samuel, (s. of 1,) Dux., bound himself an apprentice to 
John Cook in 1636 for seven years. He bought land of Love 
Brewster, and sold it in 1663 to Josiah Standish ; removed to 
Middleboro', and d. intestate a. 1684. He m. Martha Bilhng- 
ton 10 Jan. 1660. A Samuel m. Elizabeth, da. of Rev. Saml. 


Thomas, Dux. 1656. A Thomas Ensign had land in Scit- 
uate, 1640, m. Eliz. Wilder, 1638, and d. 1663. His son 
John was killed at Pawtucket in 1676. — Hist. Scit. Hannah 
Ensign was bap. at Hingham July 6, 1640. — Hobart's Journal. 

* Drew. From Boston Records. Mr. Robert m. Jemima, had Eliza- 
beth July 22, 1660 ; John, Oct. 17, 1663. Richard and Mary had Mary 
Oct. 14, 1679, Elizabeth July 23, 1682, and John July 21, 1089. Samuel 
and Ann had Ann April 26, 1691.— B. Rec. 

John Drew bap. at Hingham April 1641. — Hobart's Journal. 

258 FERNISroE. 


Abraham, Dux. m. Lydia Chandler Jan. 11, 1763, and had 
Abraliam and Lydia. 


John, Dux., owned house and land, sold it to R. Barker, 
1648, m. Elizabeth Starr, and both d. in Boston. Was in Dux. 
in 1643 ; name spelled " Farnyscede; " had at Boston, Mary, 
May 8, 1646: Hannah, May 8, 1650; Lydia, Apr. 3, 1653; 
Elizabeth, 26 Oct., 1658, and Ruth, 20 Aug., 1661. 


Thomas, Dux., chd. Thomas, May 22, 1700; Ebe?iezer, 
Dec. 13, 1703, d. Mar. 23, 1791, had Abel 1740, Lydia 1742, 
m. Jeptho Taylor, 1771 : Joseph. Jan. 28, 1706 ; Lydia, Mar. 
24, 1708, ra. Eliakim Willis of Dartmouth, July 20, 1738; 
Samuel, Oct. IS, 1710, m. Elizabeth Randall of Scituate, 
Mar. 1, 1733; Nathaniel, Apr. 11, 1713. 

Note. John, Lynn, Sandwich, m. Cecelia, d. 1663, had Jonathan 
(who had Nathaniel, 18 Dec, 1050,) and Samuel. Nathaniel, had John at 
Sandwicii, 13 Apr., 1651; Nathaniel, b. at Sandwich, 27 Nov., 1648; 
Ruth, m. Nathl. Chandler, 1782 ; Huldah, m. Ezekiel Sprague, 1785. 


Samuel, Dux., 1710, m. Deborah, had Rebecca, Aug. 25, 
1717; Samuel, Nov. 12, 1722. 


Spelled Vobes, early. 

John, Dux., 1636, land at Powder point, 1637 at G. H. 
path; Bridgewater, m. Constant, sister of Ex. Mitchell; she 
after his death (which occurred 16()1,) m. John F'rigss, 1662. 
Chd. Jolin, d. at Sandwich, 16(U ; Dea. Edirard {\\de Mitch- 
ell's Hist.); Mary; Caleb, Norwich; WilUavi, Dux., Little 
Comptou, m. Elizabeth Southworth ; Joshua, kid. at Paw- 
tucket, 1676; :\.n& Elizabeth. 

FORD. 259 


1. William, Dux., 1643, a miller, b. 1594, lived near Gav- 
elly beach in M., before 1640, d. 1676, ast. 82; m. Ann; sold 
land in Dux., 1661, to F. West. Chd. Dea. William, m. 
1658, Sarah Dingley, and had John 1659, Mercy, 1662, m. 
Samuel Thomas, Josiah 1664; Michael, m. Abigail Snow, 
1667, m. Bethiah Hatch 1683, had a large family, one of 
whom, Thomas (1685) had Amos (1714), who m. Lillys, 
who d. at Dux., Sep. 29, 1756, -aet. 41|; a second wife of 
Amos d. Dec. 18, 1781. [Hist. Scituate.] — Millicent, m. 
John Carver ; Margaret. 

2. Widow Foord, came in the Fortune 1621, with Williajn 
(No. 11), Martha, and John. 

3. Andrew, W^ey mouth, ad. 1654, had Nathaniel 1658, JBb- 
enezer 1660, Silence 1661, Prudence 1663. His wife was 

Note. Jolm, d. at M., 1693, his w. was Hannah ; Bathsheba, (M.) m. 
Eben Sherman, May 4, 1730 ; Jemima, m. Nathaniel Gushing, both of M., 
Apr. 16, 1747 ; Othniel, m. widow Mary Barnes, Jan. 10, 1758 ; Hannah, 
m. Nathaniel Rogers, (M.) 1781; Nathaniel, m. Lydia Simmons, 1783; 
Li/dia, (b. Feb. 2, 1783,) m. Tho. W. Peterson ; Joshua T., (b. June 29, 

1766,) m. Deborah , (who was b. May 10, 1765,) m. 2d, Abigail, and 

had Oakman, Benjamin, Elisha, George, Celia, Elizabeth and Ruth. — 
Dux. Rec. 


1. Capt. Thomas,* Dux., m. Rebecca Alden, Nov. 27, 1760, 
who d. July 21, 1818, sat. 88. He d. Nov. 18, 1782, Eet. 47|. 
Chd. Samuel Alden, 1766 (2); Rebecca, 1769, d. Nov. 7, 
1840, aet. 71, and in her will left $500 to the Pilgrim Society. 
" Warm in her friendship, and of a generous heart, the tears 
of the poor are her eulogy." 

2. Samuel A., (s. of 1,) Dux., m. Abigail Drew, 1791, d. 
Aug. 28, 1838, aet. 72. A funeral discourse delivered at his 
burial by Rev. J. Moore, was published. Chd. Thomas, 1793, 
d. June 24, 1807; Joh?i, 1794, m. Betsy Drew, d. Mar. 3, 

*- His name is spelled on the records Frasher ; on his grave stone Fra- 
zier ; but by his descendants Frazar. He is said to have been of Scotch 
origin. The name Eraser or Frazier is of French derivation, and derived 
from the French, signifying a strawberry, hence the well known 
heraldic object of the family is explained. The French word was probably 
derived from the fragrance of the fruit, as was the Latin fragaria. Cham- 
ber's Encyc. 


1822, had Elizabeth; Abigail, 1796, m. Nathaniel Weston ; 
Mercy C, 1798, unm; Samuel A., 1800. m. Maria Winsor; 
George, 1801, m. Ann Little, who d. July 28, 1842, set. 37; 
Amherst Alden, 1804, m. Sarah D. Bradford, merchant of 
Boston; Rebecca Aldeji, 1808, m. Rev. William Augustus 
Stearns of Cambridgeport, Mass., Dec. 14, 1831; Sarah D., 
1810, m. Mr. JMansfield of Braintree; Thomas, 1812, m. 
Frances Bradford. 

Note. John, Dux., 1733, when he was chosen petty juror ; perhaps 
the one of M., who m. Anne Fullerton, Nov, 12, 1729, and had John, May 
1, 1731. A John of M. had John, 20 Dec, 1761, and Thomas, 22 June, 
1764; John drowned off Nantasket, Feb., 1782. Dux. Rec. — Daniel 
Frazier m. Hannah Hatton, Nov. 7, 1733 ; James m. INIary Rankin, July 
3, 1733 ; Elizabeth Frazer m. Edward Carpenter, Oct. 21, 1714. — Boston 


1. Mr. Edmund, Lynn, 1632, Dux., Sandwich, 1637, d. a. 
1682, leaving an estate of £180. Had chd. Edmund, m. Re- 
becca Prence, 1646 ; John, (2) m. Mary Prence, Feb. 14, 
1649; Alice, m. 1639, Dea. William Paddy, m. 2d, Samuel 
Wensley; a. da. m. Edward Perry; Elizabeth, m. Mr. Ellis 
(the father of Mathias). 

2. John (s. of 1,) Eastham had John, 2 Feb., 1650, d. 
young; John, Dec. 1651; Thomas, Sep. 1653; Edmund, 
June 1657; Mercy, July, 1659; Prence, 3 Feb. 1665; Na- 
thaniel, 20 Mar. 1669. 

3. Samuel, Watertown, 1630, returned to England. His 
widow m. Gov. Prence. His chd. were Henry, d. 1672, had 
James of Boston ; Dea. Samuel, 1638, d. 1700, m. Mercy 
Southworth, and had Samuel (tn. Elizabeth Sparrow, had 
Judge Enoch), Constant, 31 Mar. 1669, Edward, Aphia, d. 
young, Elizabeth, Mercy, m. Mr. Cole, Alice m. Mr, Merrick, 
and Aphia, Jan. 1, 1666. 

Note. Henry was of Watertown, 1648. 

4. Joseph, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Miss Tobey. He d. June 6, 
1790, ost. nearly 92. Chd. Benjamin, m. Hannah Bradford, 
Nov. 13, 1774, and had Bradford (who had Hannah, m. Capt. 
Benj. Winsor, Eunice, m. Mr. Washburn, Joseph, Elizabeth, 
Sally and others), Eunice m. Capt. Phineas Sprague, and 
Nancy, who is unm. ; Enoch June 1, 1737, m. Abigail Wes- 
ton, Dec. 20, 1764. She was b. Mar. 26, 1739, and d. Aug. 
7, 1812; they had Abigail, Oct. 6, 1765. m. Amasa Sturte- 
vant; Enoch, July 28, 1767; William, May 25, 1769, m. 
Wealthea Sampson, (who was b. Apr. 22, 1773, they had 

FULLER. 261 

William, Enoch, Sally, Wealthea, Martin, Deborah and Abi- 
gail;) Lydia, July 29, 1771, m. Nathl. Soule; Daniel, Nov. 
14, 1773; Sally, Nov. 25, 1775, m. Dea. Martin Sampson; 
Weston, Feb. 6, 1777; and Mary, Dec. 29, 1779, m. James 
Loring. — Edmund^ bap. 1740, m. Lucia Arnold, Apr. 9, 
1771, and had Abijah, Feb. 4, 1772, m. a Chandler; Ed- 
mund, Feb, 19, 1773, d. at sea; Lucia, Nov. 21, 1774; 
Arnold, May 15, 1777; and Acenith m. Joseph Simmons. — 
Joseph, lived S. of Is. Ck. Bk. had Irene, m. Rev. Z. Sanger; 
Olive m. James Shaw, Apr. 1, 1772; Sarah, m. Ira Wads- 
worth, 1783; Samuel; Chandler. — Sarah, m. Dea. Perez 
Loring. — Lydia, unm. — Mary. m. Joshua Gushing, Sep. 27, 

5. Silas, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Mary Brewster, Dec. 8, 1763, 
had Brewster, 1765. 

6. Emanuel, (a Portuguese,) m. Lucia, and had Alice Nov. 
1, 1769, and Joseph, May 13, 1775, m. Althea Joice, (b. 
1774) and had James 1799, Henry, John and several das. 


Isaac, Dux., m. Anna Wadsworth, who d. April 26, 1843; 
had chd. Samuel, 1797, d. 1821, Judith, William, Elizabeth, 
Charles, Nancy, Anna, Abigail. 


1. Abiel, Dux., m. Sarah , Avho d. April 27, 1737. 

They had chd. Sarah, April 11, 1737, d. young; Gamaliel, 
1745; Sarah, 1747; Anice, 1749. 

Note, James came from Dartmouth a. 1740, a blacksmith, soon remov- 
ed to Plymouth ; had Hannah, bap. 1741 ; Capt. Zephaniah, m. Polly Lor- 
ing Dec. 11, 1781, and had Sarah ; Dr. Jaier, m. Lucy Loring, Aug. 1781 ; 
Mary, m. Philip Delano 1783. 


Thomas, (B. of Matthew of Scit.) Dux., 1642, removed to 
Bridgew, and d. 1655. Widow Sarah survived him. — Deane's 
Scit. and Mitchell's Bridscew. 

John, Dux. 1640, owned land north of the Mill, towarxJs G.H. 

262 GLASS. 


1. James, (s. of — ,) Dux., apprenticed to Hy. Coggen, 1639, 
and then to Mr. Kempton ; m. Mary Pontus Oct. 31, 1645, 
He came to his deatli Sept. 3, 16.52; " it being very stormy 
weather, riding att the Gurnetnose in a boate," he was forced 
by stress of weather on shore back of the beach, and was 
knocked from off the " fore cnddey," into the surge and was 
drowned. His w. m. P. Delano. Chd. Hannah, 2 June, 1647, 
d. 15 June, 1648; Wi/bra, 9 Aug. 1649; ILamah, 24 Dec. 
1651 ; Mary. 

2. Roger, (s. of — ,) Dux. ; was put out to John Crocker; 
but because he treated him barbarously, he was transferred to 

John Whetcome in 1639; ra. Mary ; d. in 1691 or 1692; 

estate £90 ; lived at Hounds ditch, also owned land east of 
North hill ; and had chd. Elizabeth ; James, d. in Canada 
Expedition, 1690; Eamie, m. R. Dvvelley ; Mary ; John, m. 
1st , m. 2d Esther Chandler, Feb. 14, 1705. 

3. James, (perhaps s. of John, s. of Roger 2,) Dux.; d. Oct. 
17, 1759, ast. 50 years. Q\\0,. John, 1739 (4) ; James, Jan. 16, 
1740, m. Lucy Burgess, and had James (May IS, 1792), m. 
Silvia Soule, and d. Aug. 20, 1827, and Nancy 1796 ; Serajah 
bap. 1744 (5) ; Ezekicl 17 AT ; Jonathan 1750, d. 1756 ; Mary; 
Nathaniel 1755, d. J 756; Sarah 1758, m. Jacob Burgess Mar. 
25, 1779, and Consider 1766. 

4. John, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Bernice Delano May 30, 1773, 
d. 1829, set. 89 ; had JJzekiel, Sept. 10, 1775, m. Miss Tho- 
mas of M., served in the flying artillery in Canada in 1812, 
had Ezekiel, John, and Daniel ; Jonathayi, Sept. 23, 1776, m. 
Desire Chandler, (who was b. Nov. 22, 1778,) and had Levi, 
Seth, Jonathan and others ; Levi; Lydia ; Mary. 

5. Serajah, (s. of 3,) Dux. ; m. Hannah Oldham Dec. 26, 
1771 ; had Hannah ; Nathaniel, m. Sarah Ripley, (who d. 
June, 1826), had Nathaniel 1799, Sarah 1803. Lucy 1805, 
Daniel B. 1808, killed at sea 1839, Charles B. 1810, d. June 
1815; Amasa, m. Desire Weston ; Mary, lu. William Read, 
who came from North Carolina ; Ai'ispah, m. William Henry ; 
Weallhea, m. Spencer Burgess. 

Note. Amy m. Richard Willi!", 1030 ; Es/Jier m. Nathan Chandler, 
1770.— Col. cj- Dux. Rec. Rkhard, of Mass., took oath of fidelity 1G74.* 

* Glass. From the Boston Records. James m. Elizal)Cth, and had 
William Jan. 11, 1G87 ; Robert, Sept. 10, 1G9;3 ; Elizabeth, Nov. G, 1G95. 
John m. Martha Temple, April 1, 1703, liad Martha Jan. 3, 1701. Mary 
m. John Latlany Sept. 22, 1715. 

HALL. 263 


Francis, Dux., 163S, had land at G. H. brook ; bore arms 


Francis, Dux., 1643, a planter, lived near Jones River. 


Ralph " Goarame," Dux., 1637, lived near P. Delano. His 
son John was of Marshfield 1643, m. Desire Rowland Nov. 6, 
1644, lived at Plymouth, M., Yarmouth and Barnstable, and 
d. of a fever while in command of a company in Philip's war, 
at Swansey, Feb. 5, 1676. She d. 13 October, 16S3. Chd. 
Desire (at Ply.) 1644, Temperance (at M.), 1646, Elizabeth 
1648, James, 28 April, 1650, John, 20 Feb. 1651, Joseph (at 
Yarmouth) 10 Feb. 1653, Jabez (at Barnstable) 3 Aug. 1656, 
wounded in Philip's war, Mercy 1658, Lydia 1661. [N. E. 
Hist. & Geneal. Reg. II. 67. 

HADEN. [Hayden?] 
One of this name bore arms in Duxbury 1643. 


A George early asked a grant of land in Duxbury, which 
was given him ; but he not settling upon it, it was granted 
to another. 


1. Edward, Dux., 1638, permitted to build in Dux.; 1637, 
ten acres at G. H. path ; 1638, sold his house to Wm. Wither- 
ell ; 1641, he appears of Taunton; 1642, had a house at 
Hounds ditch ; 1645, prop, of Bridgew. ; 1652, left the colony 
a debtor. 

An Edward Hall sold, 1665, land in Duxbury. An Edward 
was at Cambridge 1636, ad. 1638 (perhaps s. of John of Lynn), 
and d. 1669, leaving w. Sarah, and Joseph, Ephraim, and 
several daughters. An Edward of Braintree m. Hester, and 
had John 1651, and Hester Oct. 23, 1654. 

264 HARLOW. 

2. George, Dux., 1637, owned land at G. H. path. 

3. Capt. Joshua, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Aletliea Soule, Sept. 
30, 1762 ; had Joshua. Oct. 26, 1769, who had Joshua 1794, 
Harriet I. 1796, Henry 1798, d. 1804, and Catharine 1811 ; 
Daniel, March 27, 1772, had Daniel 1799 ; Lot, July 14, 1774, 
m. Ursula Chandler, he d. July 25, 1840, she d. April 4, 1838, 
had Alethea 1797, Lot 1804, Nancy, Martin, Lucy, Jane, 
Laura; David, May 10, 1777. 

Note. Sarah (K.,) m. Joseph Sampson, May 6, 1747 ; Ashehel m. 
Abigail Barnes, 1771. 

John, Yarmouth, 1655, had Samuel ; Samuel, Taunton, had Samuel 
Dec. 1064, John Oct. 1666, Nicholas Oct. 1670, Mary Oct. 1672, Ebenezer 
March 1677, Sarah March 1679, George Jan. 1680. John, Taunton, m. 
Hannah Penniman 4lh Feb. 1679, had John June 1672, Joseph April 1674, 
James Dec. 1675, Benjamin Dec. 1677. Nathaniel, " a maimed souldier in 
the late Indian warr," 1684, allowed £5 per annum. 


Mr. William, Dux., 1639, bought John Brown's house near 
Jones River ; was living there in 1643. 

John, Dux., 1640, had land north of the Mill towards G. H. 


John, Dux., m. Mary Delano, Jan. 16, 1735; had Chloe ; 
John, m. Abigail Sampson March 25, 1773 ; and Nathaniel. 


John, Dux., 1643. perhaps the one of Mass. Bay, and ad. 
1640. For descendants see Mitchell's Bridgew. 


]. Serg't William, Lynn, 1637, Sandwich, Plymouth; m. 
1st, 1649, Rebecca Bartlett; m. 2d, July 15, 1658, Mary 
Faunce, who d. 4 Oct. 1664; m. 3d, Mary Shelly 25 Jan. 

HARRIS. 265 

1665, who survived him. Chd. WlHiam, b. and d. Oct. 1650 
Samuel, 27 Jan. 1652 ; Rebecca, 12 June, 1655 ; William, I 
June, 1657 ; Man/, 19 May, 1659 ; Repentatice, 22 Nov. 1660 
John, 19 Oct. 1662; Nathaniel, 30 Sept. 1664: Hannah, 2S 
Oct. 1666 : Bathsheha, 21 April, 1667 ; Joanna, 24 Mar. 1669 
Mehetahei, 4 Oct. 1672 ; Judith, 2 Aug. 1676. 

2. Joseph, (s. of — ,) Dux., 1687, constable. 

3. Eleazer, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Hannah Delano Oct. 6, 
1715, had Eleazer (4). 

4. Dr. Eleazer, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Abigail Thomas, of M. 
March 1739 ; she d. Nov. 24, 1743 ; m. 2d Abigail Clark of 
Plymouth Sept. 11, 1745; and m. 3d widow Dabney of Bos- 
ton, and had chd. Arunah ; Gideon (5); Thomas ; Asaph; 
Abigail ; and William, d. young. 

5. Gideon, (s. of 4,) Dux., had chd. Eleazer, Nov. 4, 1784; 
m. Alethea Thomas of M., had Judah 1811, Briggs 1815, 
Alden, Thomas, Henry, the two latter d. young ; Gideon, m. 
Olive Thomas of M., had Thomas, Hannah, Lydia, Mary, 
Henry, Gideon, and others; Lydia, d. young — (for the de- 
scendants of the remaining three sons, see Ward's Shrewsbury) 
— Anniah, Shrewsbury, m. 1799, Sarah Bannister; Dea. 
Thomas, Shrewsbury, m. 1798, Thankful Bannister; Abner, 
Shrewsbury, m. 1st Persis B. Oakman of M., who d. 1814, 
March 14, set. 36; m. 2d Sarah McFarland of Worcester, 
who d. 1847, EEt. 67. 


John, Dux., 1657, took oath of fidelity. 

HARRIS (or Harrison). 

1. Arthur, Dux., 1640, had land in Dux. woods given him, 
" due for his service," also at the Mill Brook ; removed to 
Bridge w. ; ad. 1668 ; removed to Boston, and d. there 1673 ; 
m. Martha . (For descendants see Mitchell's Bridgew.) 

2. Samuel Harris, Dux., had John, bap. 1756. 

WiLLLiM, Dux., 1643, was able to bear arms. 


Samuel, Dux. 1684, hved near M. line. 

266 HAY WARD. 


1. Arthur " Hadaway," M. 1643, m. Sarah Cook 20 Nov. 
1652, had Jolm, 17 Sept. 1653, and Sarah, 2S Feb. 1655. — 
There was a John in Barnstable, of Taunton, 16S9, had a son 
John, may have been a B. of Arthur. 

2. Dr. RuFus, Dux., m. Judith Winsor ; he d. Oct. 13, 1S22, 
had chd. Munj, Feb. 7, 1796, m. Lewis McLaughUn ; Joshua 
W., Dec. 14, 1798, ni. Prudence JMcLaughhn; Silvia Church, 
Feb. 1,1801, m. Andrew Stetson : Deborah, April 20, 1S02, 
m. Mr. Latham, and she d. Oct. 16, 1831 ; Isaac IF., April 
16, 1804 ; Juliet, Aug. 11, 1806, m. Jairus Magoou, his 2d w. ; 
Maria, Jan. 23, 1809, m. Jairus Magoon, she d. Oct. 18, 1833; 
Rufus, Sept. 25, 1812; Nancij P., Aug. 21, JS15; Thomas 
D., May 13, 1818 ; John, Dec. 24, 1821, m. Miss Faunce. 


Edmund, Dux., 1637, had ten acres at G. H! path ; m. Lucy ; 
yeoman; removed to M., sold his land there to Thos. Bourn; 
removed to Yarmouth before 1649. 


Thomas, Dux., before 1638, ad. 1646, prop, of Bridgew. 
1645 ; 1640 in Dux., had a grant of land northwest of North 
hill, and also at Namasakeeset ; sold his land to Wm. Pabodie 

1669 ; removed to Bridgew. d. 1681 ; m. Martha ; had a 

large family, for whose descendants see Mitchell's Bridgew. 


Joseph, Dux., m. Abigail 1796, and had Nancy, Eli- 
zabeth, and Joseph. 

Note. John Hevvetof M. m. Martha (who d. 1G91, mentioning in her 
will sister Anne, and niece Anne Turner and son Winter). She was da. 
of Christopher Winter, and had chd. — Solomon, Christopher, Bridget, 
Elizabeth, Mercy, and Lydia. 


Mr. Robert, arrived 1621, Dux. before 1634, removed to 
Scituate, d. before 1662. He m. 1st, Elizabeth, m. 2d, Mar- 

HOLMES. 267 

garet; had Samuel, m. Lydia Doan, 1645, Plymouth, removed 
to Nauset, had Dorcas, 14 Feb., 1651 ; Margaret, 9 Mar., 
1654; EpJiraim m. EUzabeth Rowland, 13 Sep., 1649, he d. 
Dec. 12, 1649, she then m. John Dickarson, 10 July, 1651 ; 
Lydia; Pliebe. 

Note. Daniel Hicks, m. Elizabeth Hanmore, Sep., 1657 — Sarah m. 
Joseph Churchill 3 June, 1H72. — Col. Rec. 


William, Dux., carpenter, first miller in 1639; in 1640 had 
a grant of 40 acres " on the milne brook." 


Samuel, Dux., m. Phebe Leonard, Nov. 6, 1694, had chd. 
Abigail, May 26, 1697; Philip, Aug. 8. 16v)9; Samuel, June 
25, 1701, m. Hannah Turner, Nov. 1, 1722, had Joseph, July 
31, 1723, and Hannah, June 7, 1725; Richard, Feb. 3, 1703; 
Ebcnezcr, Dec. 6, 1705 ; Ephraim, Dec. 13, 1707 ; Joseph^ 
(d. July, 1711,) and Lydia, (twins,) b. 25 Aug., 1710. 


1. Lt. William, Plymouth, ad. 1634; a commander in Pe- 
quod war, a major in Mass. forces ; had land in Dux. 1638, 
which he sold to Mr. Howland; d. 1649, leaving no children. 

2. William, Scituate, removed to M,, settled on North river 
before 1662, d. 1690, ni. Elizabeth, who d. 1693, had chd. 
Abrahaw,, 1641, m. 2d, Abigail Nichols of Hingham, 1695; 
Israel, 1642, m. Desire Sherman, and was drowned with 
Joseph Trewant in Plymouth harbor, Feb. 24, 1684; Isaac, 
1644; Sarah, 1646; Rebecca, 1648; Josiah, 1650; Mai'y, 
1655; Elizabeth, 1661. An Abraham Holmes m. Elizabeth, 
da. of Rev. Samuel Arnold of M., and had chd. Elizabeth, 
Isaac, Rose, Bathsheba, who m. Sanmel Dogget. Was this 
Abraham the one b. 1641, and was Elizabeth his 1st wife? 

3. Mr. John, Dux., had (1665,) a large grant at Robinson's 
ck., and in 1672 a small one in Dux. ; m. Patience Faunce, 
20 Nov., 1661, and d. a. 1697, had John, 22 Mar. 1662; 
Richard; Patience; Mehetable ; Sarah; George; Nathan- 
iel ; Ebenezer ; Thomas ; Joseph ; Desire m. John Churchill 
before 1695. 

268 HOWARD. 

A John Holmes was of Plymouth, ad. 1G34, and messenger 
of the General Court. 

4. JosiAH, (s. of — ,) Dux., ni. Hannah Sampson, Mar. 20, 
1665; had Hannah, Oct. 11, 1667; Darboiis, Aug. 4, 1669; 
Josiah, Aug. 13, 1672; Mary, Nov. 5, 1674; Joh?i, May 28, 
1678, m. Joanna Sprague; WilUam, Jan. 18, 1679. 

5. Samuel, M., m. Mary, and d. 1690. A Samuel was in 
Rehoboth, and had a son Samuel, 6 Sep., 1674. A Samuel 
in Dux., had Consider, who was b. 1702, and d. Sep. 28, 

6. Bartlett, of Manomet ponds, Plymouth, was the father 
of the following who settled in Dux. — Bartlett, m. Sarah 
Winsor, 1796, who d. Nov. 1807, ait. 30, and had William, 
1797, Melzar, 1799, and Lucy, 1801 — Natkaniel, m. Anne 
Prior; Jolin ; Calvin, m. a da. of Reuben Peterson; Nao- 
ma?i ; Sarah, m. Jabez Prior of Dux. 

7. Nathaniel, Dux., m. Hannah Weston, 1795. He d. at 
Labrador. He had Lucy, George, Thomas, Charles, Sarah 
and Samuel. 

Note. "Miss Sara " d. at Plymouth, Aug. 18, 1650 ; Nathaniel, m. Mercy 
Faunce, 29 Dec, 1667 ; Experience of Dartmouth, m. Hannah Sampson of 
Rochester, Dec. 13, 1737; George, Dux., 1740; JJrany, m. Ichabod Sim- 
mons, 1783 ; u-idow Rebecca of K., m. Rev. Wm. Rand, Feb. 11, 1779. 


Amos, Dux., m. Sarah Ripley, Jan 11, 1748. He d. of 
small pox, Dec, 1762; she d. Sep. 7. 1790, had Mary, Lot, 
bene, Mary, Lucinda, Sarah, Thankful. 

Note. Caleb m. Elizabeth Randall, July 12, 1759; Samuel of Scituate, 
d. Sep. 12, 1681, leaving Samuel and Elizabeth. — In Boston, William m. 
Mary before 1660. 


1. John and James, (brothers) are said to have come to N. 
E. with Standish ; wereof Dux. ; James went to Bermuda, 
and John to W, Bridgew. Vide Mitchell's Bridgew. 

2. Ezra, Dux., ni. Esther Delano, Dec. 17, 1772; he d. 
Nov. 25, 1781, ffit. 31; had Ezra, Ana:. 1, 1773; Parmelia, 
Feb. 27, 1776; Daniel, .AJar. 16, 1778." 

3. A WIDOW Howard had a da. Leunice bap. in Dux., 1757. 



1. Hon. John Howland, arrived 1620, Plymontb, removed 
to Dux. (Vide first settlers.) He m. Gov. Carver's da.'' 
Elizabeth. She d. 1687, set. 81. His chd. /o^^(2); Jahez, 
m. Bethiah Thacher, and settled after the conquest of Mt. 
Hope at Bristol, had Jabez, Nov. 15, 1669; John, Jan. 15, 
1672, d. same month, Bethiah, June 3, 1674, Josiah, Aug. 6, 
1676, John, July 26, 1679; Isaac, m. Elizabeth, da. of Geo. 
Vaughan, and settled at Middleboro' ; Joseph, Plymouth, m. 
Ehzabeth South worth, Dec. 7, 1664; Desire, m. John Gor- 
ham ; Hope, xn. John Chipman of Barnstable, had large 
family; Elizabeth, m. E. Hicks, 1649, m. 2d, July 10, 1651, 
John Dickarson ; Lydia, m. James Brown of Svvansey;- 
Ruth, ra. Thomas Cnshman of Plymouth, Nov. 7, 1664. 

2. John, (s. of 1,) M., removed to Barnstable, where he was 
ensign, lieutenant, and selectman, and authorized to retail 
cider of his making; m. Mary Lee Oct. 26, 1651. [She was 
da. of Mistress Mary Lee, wlio d. Oct. 1681, having lived for 
the last eight years of her life with her son-in-law Howland. 
John Atwood's will. 1643, names brother and sister Lee, with 
their chd. Anne and Mary. J I'heir chd. were Elizabeth, 
May 17, 1655, m. John Bursley Dec. 1673; Isaac, 25 Nov. 
1659, m. Ann Taylor Dec. 27, 16S6 ; Ilannak, 15 May, 1661, 
m. Jonathan Crocker 20 May, 1686; 71/e/-cy, 21 Jan. 1663; 
Lydia, 9 Jan. 1665. m. Joseph Jenkins ; Experience, 28 July. 
1668 ; Anne, 9 Sept. 1670, m. Joseph Crocker, 18 Sept. 1691 ; 
Shobal, 30 Sept. 1672, m. Mercy Blossom. 1700; John, 31 Dec. 
1674 (3).— N. E. Hist. Geneal. Reg. ' — 

3. John, (s. of 2,) Barnstable, m. 1st ; m. 2d 

Mary Crocker. The oldest child by the 2d m. was John, Feb. 
13, 1720. This son John graduated at H. C. 174l7^td was 
ordained at Carver 1746. " This exemplary pastor, of hum- 
ble desires, of primitive simplicity of manners, of cheerful and 
of hospitable disposition, after having lived to see his parish 
become a town, and surviving that era fourteen years, died, 
Nov. 4, 1804, in his S4th year." He m. a da. of Rev. Daniel 
Lewis of Pembroke. Four sons and three daughters survived 
him. One son, John, a promising young man, educated a 
merchant at Plymouth, d. in the West Indies early in the Re- 
volution. One of the das., Anna, m. Rev. Ezra Weld, of 
Braintree, and d. July 10, 1774, set. 31 ; another da. m. Noah 
Thomas. One of his sons, Daniel, lived in Pembroke, m. 
Thankful Morse of Falmouth. She d. Sept. 21, 1828, set.' 76, 
and was da. of Theodore, who d. 1795, set. over 80. This 
Dani el d. Dec. 19, 1824, get. 76, and was the father of Capt. 


John, who was b. Nov. 23, 17S0, and m. Nancy Winsor; 
Daniel, who was lost at sea; Josiah, who m. Eunice Salmon; 
Lncia, who ni. JNIr. Cushman of Plympton ; Betsey, who m. 
Mr. Folger of Nantucket; Cynthia, who m. Mr. Chaddock of 
Nantucket; and Susan, who m. Mr. Bartlett of Bridgewater. 
The chd. of Capt. John (s. of Daniel,) of Dux., were Ann 
Thomas, Feb. 12, 1809, m. Nathl. Winsor, April, 1829; John, 
March 30, 1812, killed by lightning at sea, Sept. 20, 1832 ; 
Cordelia Maria, Dec. 16, 1813; Lucian Lorenzo, July 25, 1819, 
m. Eliza Newell, da. of Mr. Jonas Smith of Barre, June 4, 
1846, who d. Nov. 1847, leaving one son, Lucian Herbert, 
who was b. March 8, 1847 ; Jerome, d. young; Jerome F., 
Feb. 23, 1827, m. Harriet, da. of James Fowle, Esq. of Bos- 
ton, and has one da., Ella Fessenden. 

4. Henry, Dux., 1633; lived by the bay side, near Love 
Brewster ; " one of the substantial landholders and freemen ;" 
prop, of Bridgew. 1645, m. Mary, who d. June 16, 1674 ; he 
d. 1670. 

5. Arthur, M., 1643 ; m. Margaret ; owned land near Thos. 
Chillingworth ; 1669, considering his age and low condition, 
the Court freed him from paying the minister's fee; her will, 
dated Jan. 1683, mentions grandson (son-in-law, say Col. Rcc.) 
John Walker. Their chd. were Arihiir (6), and Deborah^ 
who m. John Smith, Jr. of Plymouth, Jan. 4, 1648 (and had 
Hazadiah 1619, John 1651, Josiah 1652, Eleazer 1654, and 
Hezekiah 1655). 

6. Arthur, (s. of 5,) M. ; 1660, fined £5 for making propo- 
sals to Elizabetli, da. of Gov. Prence, contrary to their parents' 
mind and will; and in 1667, he promised not to make any 
further offers to her. They were, however, m. ; and had 
Ehenezer^ Thomas of Dux., and Arthur. 

From him came Robert Howland, who m. Margaret 
Sprague July 5, 1733, and had Prince, who m. x\bigail Wads- 
worth in 1779, lived in Dux., and had Eden, Peleg B., and 

7. ZoETH, Dux. and M. before 1657. He m. . 

8. Samuel, Dux. ; 1662, for carrying, on the Lord's day, a 
grist from mill, lined \()s. or be whipt ; 1662, he was charged 
with "discharging of a fowling peccc on the body of William 
Howse " of Sandwich, while gunning at the " high pyne on 
Salthousc beach.'' A verdict was given by the jury, " not 
guilty of willfull murder, yelt we find that the said House re- 
ceived his deadly wound by Samuel llowland's gmi goeing 
off, as it lay on his shoulder."' He appears in Dux. in 1690-2. 
A Samuel Howland was selectman of Freetown 1690. 

HUNT. 271 

9. John, (perhaps s. of 4,) m. Mary Walker, Jan. 29, 1685, 
at Dnx. 

10. Joseph, Dux. 1679; m. 1683, Rebecca, da. of John Hns- 
sey of New Han:ipshire, who survived him, and m. Samuel 
Collins of Lime, Aug. 6, 1695. He d. June 15, 1695. His 
estate £500, including a negro servant, lands (£224) at Little 
Compton and Duxbury. Chd. Jedediah, 1685, Little Comp- 
ton ; Patience^ 1687 ; Lydin^ 1689. 

11. Perez, Dux., ni. Deborah, who d. 1790; m. 2d, Ruth 
Delano, 1791, had Rouse, Feb. 15, 1793; John, Oct. 15, 1794; 
Benjamin, Sep. 10, 1796. 

Note. Rebecca m. Samuel Tliomas, (both of M.,) Feb. 15, 1727; Saba 
m. Capt, Andrew Sampson, Jan. 3, 1779; Benjamin (of Pembroke) m. 
Experience Edgarton of Halifax, Feb. 10, 1743 ; Rvth m. Luke Stetson, 
June 10, 1762, she d. 1764 ; Alice m. Beriah Sampson, May 6, 1756 ; Abi- 
gail m. Isaac Bisbee, Sep. 5, 1781. Dux. Rec. Nathaniel m. Abigail 
Lane, 22 Nov., 1739 ; Richard m. Mercy Mousall, Sep. 29, 1720. Boston 


John, Dux., d. a. 16R3. His will (Nov. 20, 1683,) witness- 
ed by Thomas and Elizabeth Palmer. His wife, Ann Rogers, 
survived, and to her he bequeathed, "provided she keep her- 
self a widow," his house, tillage land, &c. His chd. were 
Hannah m. Japheth Turner ; Rhoda ra. Palmer; Eliza- 
beth m. Vicory ; Abigail m. a Stetson, 


1. Edmund, Cambridge, 1634; Dux., 1637; prop, of 
Bridgew., 1645. 

2. Edward, Dux., owned land at Hounds ditch, d. a. 1655. 
An Edward, perhaps his son, sold land in Dux., 1665, to R. 

3. Samuel, of Dux., 1663 — 1690. 

4. Thomas, of Dux., kid. at Pawtucket, 1676. 

5. Thomas, of Dux., m. Honor Stetson, Jan. 15, 1708 ; she 
d. Aug. 22, 1739. 

6. Thomas, of Dux., m. Geen Weston, Apr. 28, 1748. He 
d. Nov. 6, 1806. Chd. Amie m. William Winsor, July 23, 
1775; Acenith m. Samuel Winsor; Abigail m. Ichabod Kent, 
1771; Melzar A. young; Tho7nas, Oct. 3, 1761, m. Susanna 
Fuller of K., who was b. May 30, 1761, and he d. June 7, 
1840, and had Elizabeth, 1781, Capt. Samuel, 1784, (m. Deb- 


orah Kent and had Hiram. Allen M., Edward G., Hannah G., 
and d. Dec. 26, 1S23.) John, 1786. Susanna, 17SS, I\Ielzar, 
1791, Lucy, 1793, Anna, 1796, Lewis, 1799, d. 1807, and 
Barker, 1SU2 (m. Lucy Louden). 

7. John, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Esther, who d. June 18, 1743; 
m. 2d, Deborah Soule, May 1, 1746, had Judah (8) ; John 
m. Mary Simmons, Apr. 24, 1764; Mary (1st w.) ; Samuel^ 
d. at Liverpool, 1771 ; Lot m. Mary Sampson, Mar. 4, 1773, 
had Sarah, Nov. 28, 1773, Samuel, Sep. 22, 1775, Asa, Mar. 
21, 1778, Ziba, July 26, 1780, Jane, Mar. 6, 1784, Lot, Apr. 
15, 1789, d. at sea; Deborah m. Joseph Brewster, 1773; Asa, 
d. 1776, at N. Y. 

8. Judah, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. 1st, Betsy Oldham, Dec. 18, 
1764, who d. June 11, 1774, rot. 32; m. 2d, Deborah Weston, 
Aug. 21, 1776. He d. Apr. 18, 1826, a3t. 89. Chd. Esther, 
Sep. 21, 1765; Judah, drowned 1771, set. 3; Seth, July 22, 
1778, m. Huldah Wadsworth; Elizabeth, 1780, m. Nathaniel 

Note. Martha m. Joseph Chandler, Jr., 1701; Mary m. Jacob Bur- 
gess, Apr. 27, 1704 ; Anne m. Ichabod Wadsworth, 173G ; Asa m. Sarah 
Partridge, Dec. 2, 1736 ; Abigail m. Hezekiah Ripley, Dec. 3, 1739 ; 
Lydia m. Wm. Ripley, 1756; Lucy m. Jona. Peterson, Apr. 23, 1771; 
Judah d. Aug. 26, 1776. Dux. Rec. 

Christian m. Richard More, Oct. 20, 1636; Hannah m. Daniel White, 
1674; Lt. Peter, Rehoboth, 1650, had Daniel, Sep. 15, 1673; Enoch, 
Weymouth, had Sarah, July 4, 1640; Enoch, Rehoboth, m. Mary Paine, 
29 Oct., 1678, had Enos, Jan., 1679, Mary, Sep., 1679, Elizabeth, Oct., 
1682; John, Swansey, had Peter, Feb., 1079; Samuel {act. 17 in 1657,) 
and John were brothers. Col. Rec; Ephraim, Ct., 1642, Weymouth, 
1655, m. Ebbet, a rep. and Capt., and liad William, 1655 and Enoch, 
1657; John, Boston, 1676, butcher, m. Martha; John m. Ruth Quincy at 
Hingham, Oct., 1686; Thomas m. Elizabeth, had Jabez, June 11,1654, 
and John, Apr. 11, 1656; Thomas m. Hannah Paine, Feb. 15, 1694; 
Thomas m. Susanna Saxton, June 21, 1694; Samuel m. Mary Langdon, 
Apr. 24, 1712. — Boston records. 


Robert, Dux., bore arms 1643. 


1, John, Dux., 1640, had a " meadstcad " granted him, and 
the next year land at Stoucy brook; prop, of Bridgew., a 


roper, m. Elizabeth, went to Little Compton, d. 1677; had 
John^ Dux., m. a sister of Col. Church ; Elias m. Dorothy 
Witherell, 26 Aug., 1674, went to Taunton. A John was in 
Middleboro', 1671. 

2. George, Dux., early. 


1. Samuel m. Elizabeth, had Rebecca, Oct. 29, 1727, and 
Mercy, Mar. 5, 1733. 

2. Dr. Ransom, had Hannah, a. 1740, and John, a. 1743. 
Dr. J. removed from Plympton to Dux., a. 1740, and bought 
an interest in a forge on the South river, and lived near by. 


Asa, b. July 2, 1766, m. Lucy Ann Soulhworth, who was 
b. June 25, 1772, had William, John, Lucy, Peter, Stepheii 
had Wealthea, 1795, and Hannah, 1798, Abigail, Deborah^ 
Alethea and Hannah. 

Note. John Joice, Lynn, removed to Sandwich, 1637, Yarmouth, d. a. 
1666. Walter was of M., before 1668, 

KEIN (Kean or Keen). 

Josiah, Dux., 1665, m. Hannah Dingley, had chd. Josiah 
m. Lydia, and had Benjamin, July 26, 1682, Josiah, Sep. 27, 
1683, Abigail, Apr. 7, 1685, Nathaniel, Nov. 11, 1692; and 
peril. Jolin, alive 1710; Matthew, alive 1710; Hannah m. 
Isaac Oldham, Nov. 21, 1695. 

Note. Samuel m. Ruth Sprague, Apr. 18, 1719; Sarah m. Timothy 
Rogers, Apr. 6, 1710 ; Grace m. Jabez Cole, 1744 ; Diana m. Noah Sim- 
mons, 1771 ; Lemuel, Dux., a. 1750, removed 1o Pembroke, Bridgew. 
Vide Hist. Bridgew. ; Alice d. Oct. 1, 1771 ; William (Bristol), m. Celano 
Wadsworlh, 1784. 


William, Dux., m. Elizabeth; inventory taken Sep. 23, 
1641 ; estate £150; 1640, had land at Beaver pond, S. river, 
and Naniasakecset. He had a son William, who m. Patience 
Thacher(?) ; was of Dux. ; his da. Patience m. Samuel 



John, Dux., 1640, land at Namasakeeset, mentioned 1665. 


Walter, Dux., 1638, requested land in Duxbury. A car- 


Thomas, Jr., Dux., 1710; no other mention of him. 

Note. TAowmw Lambert, Sen., Barnstable, 1639, d. 1663, m. Joyce; 
had Jemima, m. Joseph Benjamin, 10 June 1661, Thomas, Caleb, Bar- 
nard (ensign of Barnstable Co.), Jedediah, 20 Sept. 1640, Benjamin, 26 
Aug. 1642, Joshua, and Margaret, who m. Edward Coleman. — Bernard, 
Barnstable, b. 1607, had Martha 1640, and Jabez 1642.— Col. Rec. John, 
Hingham, Scituate, 1693 — Thomas, Scituate — Thomas, of Boston, m. 
Mary, had Thomas, Nov. 6, 1G59, Susanna, Feb. 28, 1662.— Boston Rec. 


Edward, Dux., 1666. See Church History. 


1. William, yeoman, Plymouth 1623, Dux., 1637, sold his 
house to Rev. IMr. Partridge, 1639, M. 1643, his house burnt 
1648. Gary Latham was perhaps his brother. 

2. Robert, (perhaps s. of 1,) M. 1643; Cambridge; con- 
victed of abusing his servant, John Walker, so that he d. Jan. 
5, 1654, set. 14; m. Susanna, da. of John Winslow ; for de- 
scendants see Hist. Bridgew. 


Philip, Dux., 1694, alive 1703. Anneoi'M. m. John Rouse 
of Little Compton, June 29, 1720. 

Mark, Dux., removed to Bridgew., d. 1686 ; had Elizabeth, 


m. Samuel Packard ; Mark d. in Canada Expedition, Samuel, 
and Edward, who. d. 1696, s. p. Tide Bridgew. Hist. 

Note. Rev. John, Scituate, Barnstable, d. Nov. 8, 1653, had Thomas, 
Barnstable; Samuel, Ct. ; Joseph, Barnstable; Benjamin, Charlestown ; 
John, m. Mary Cole 3 Jan. 1671 ; Barnabas, 1635, d. 1715, set. 79, m. 
Susannah Clark, 13 Nov, 1658; Jane ; Barbara. Who was Abigail, who 
m. James Clark, 7 Oct. 1657 ? 


WiLLUM, Dux., 1643, able to bear arms ; m. a da. of Fran- 
cis Sprague. 


John, Hingham. 1647, m. Elizabeth, da. of Stephen Gates, 
Nov. 29, 1649, d. 1695 ; of Bridgew. ; had John, bap. Sept. 8, 
1650; Thomas, bap. Sept. 19, 1652, Dux., m. Mary Allen, 
April 26, 1685, removed to Plympton, Falmouth and Wind- 
ham, Ct. ; and others, for whom see Mitchell's Hist., Hobart^s 

Joshua, Dux., 1709, was son of Joshua (bap. May 6, 1655) 
who was a son of the first John. A John Lazell d. at Hing- 
ham May 14, 1665. — Hobarfs Journ. 

Abigail m. Barnabas Hatch June 7, 1728, 


1. Solomon, Dux., 1637, spelled •' Lenner ;" had land at 
Bluefish; d. 1686; m. Mary; had Samuel (of Worcester per- 
haps) ; John, Jacob, Isaac, Solomon (for descendants of these 
see Mitchell) ; Manj, m. John Pollard 24 Dec. 1673. 

2, Philip, M. 1678, a nailer, Dux., ra. liydia, who d. Nov. 
13, 1707; he d. July 3, 1708 ; had Phcbe, m. Saml. Hill, 1694, 

Note. James, Jr., Taunton, m. 2d Caliphar, of Milton, 29 Oct. 

1675 ; had Eunice 1668, Prudence 1669, James 1677, Lydia 1679, and 
Stephen 1680 — Joseph, had Mary 1680 — Benjamin, m, Sarah Thrasher 
15 Jan. 1678, had Sarah 1680, and Benjamin 1683 — Thomas, m. Mary 
Watson 21 Au^. 1662.— Col. Rec. 


William, 1637, "houselott of Mr. Willn"- Leurich, now layed 
forth for him" in Dnx. — Old Col. Deeds. 

276 LORING. 

LEYHORNE. (Leighorn.) 

Rowland, Dux., 1G3G, land granted him. 

James, Dux. ; March 4, 163S-9, '-is hyred to serve Francis 
Sprague for a yeare for vi£x5. and two pounds of tobacco, 
his tyme began the first of Februar last past." — Col. Rec. 


James, Dux., 1640, a garden place was granted him in Dux. 

on Mill brook ; m. Mary ; both d. a. 1652 ; had Timothy, 

b. in Dux. 1641 ; ad. 1678, removed to Salem, representative; 
d. Jan. 6, 1699 ; m. Mary Verren, had nine chd., of whom 
Timothy, H. C. 1695, was Representative, Speaker of the 
House, Judge of Common Pleas, and d. 1760, a3t. 83, — and 

Note. James of Boston m. Susanna, had Elizabeth .July IG, 1680, and 
James May 28, 1684. 


1. Dea. Thomas, arrived from Axminster, Devonsltirc, 
Eng. ; of Ilingham, 1635; ad. 1636, m. Jane Newton; had 
chd. Tkoinas (2), Benjamin., Josiah and John. 

2. Thomas, (s. of 1,) b. in Eng., 1629; ad. 1673; settled 
at Hull, m. Hannah, da. of Nicholas Jacob, Dec. 13, 1657, 
who survived him, and m. Capt. Stc})hen French, and d. C)ct. 
20, 1720; had Hannah, Aug. 9, 1664, m. Rev. Jeremiah 
Gushing, m. 2d, John Barker; Thuinas {'3) ; Deborah, Mar. 
15. 1668, m. Hon. John Cushing; David, 1671, Barnstable; 
Caleb, 1674, m. a da. of Edward Cray, Plympton: Abigail 
d. 1679. 

3. Lt. Thomas, (s. of 2,) b. Mar. 15, 1668, bought land in 
Dux., 1702; held oflices of responsibility in the town; m. 
Deborah, da. of Hon. John Cashing, Apr. 19, 1699, at Bos- 
ton, who d. Nov. 30. 1755, act. 78; he d. Dec. 5, 1717; had 
Thomas (4) ; Joshua, 1701 (5) ; Nathaniel (6) ; Benjamin 
(7); Hannah; Deborah, m. Sylvester Richmond, Esq., Feb. 
18, 1727. 

4. Thomas (s. of3,) Dux., m. Mary Soutliworth, Feb. 3, 
1724; had Thomas, Apr. 12, 1725, m. Zilpha, da. of Capt. 
Robert Bradford; Simeon; I^evi (8) ; Perez, Aug. 26, 1729 
(9); Joshua, Feb. 5, 1735, d. Feb. 3, 1754; Deborah, Mar. 
31, 1738. 

LORING. 277 

5. Joshua, (s. of 3,) Dux., was never m. ; d. Oct. 28, 1781, 
set. 80 ; was buried in the old grave yard, and his stone bears 
these Hnes. 

" death thou'st conquered me, 
And by thee I am slain ; 
But Jesus Christ has conquered thee ; 
And I shall rise again." 

By his will he left the sum of £13 Qts. Sd. to the church. 

6. Nathaniel, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Priscilla Bailey, 173G ; 
had William (10); Nathaniel {11) -, Priscilla^ m. D. Baker; 
Hatmah; Abigail. 

7. Benjamin, (s. of 3,) Dux. He was bred a farmer, and 
passed a life of quiet happiness in his chosen pursuit. He 
was esteemed for his sound judgment, and respected for his 
uprightness and integrity, — a man of remarkable piety. He 
early joiued the church in his native town. He built the 
house in which his grandson, the late Samuel Loring lived, 
and to which, says the tradition, he carried his wife on a 
pillion behind him, and then after partaking of a frugal meal, 
reading the Scriptures and returning thanks, retired for the 
night. His family devotions he never omitted until a short 
time previous to his death, which occurred from consumption, 
" 1781, March y® 1st, three quarters after 8 in y^ morning in 
the 7.3d year of his age; " and at his funeral a mourner pro- 
nounced a eulogy ; which, though brief, was all that could be 
desired — repeating the passage of Scripture, Woe unto him 
that every one speai^s well of, he added — This man's, my 
friends, this man's woe was never taken away. He m. Anna 
Alden, Feb. 8, 1739. She was a kind mother, and endeared to 
her children, who always spoke of her with affection. Among 
the excellent qualities of her character, the benevolent na- 
ture of her heart was perhaps the most marked. Those 
memorable words which she was accustomed to repeat, are 
still vivid in the imagination of her grand children — Give to 
him that asketh ; and from him that would borrow turn not 
away. She d. .luly 1, 1804, ast. 89. Their chd. were Marij, 
Mar. 31, 1739, d. Jan. 5, 1740; Benjamin, Mar. 31, 1742, d. 
Aug. 8, 1745; Sarah, Feb. 14, 1744, d. Aug. 11, 1745; Ben- 
jamin, Nov. 25, 1745, d. Nov. 11, 1752; Snm.nel, May 1, 

1747 (12); Judah, June 5, 1749 (13); Daniel, Jan. 8, 1751 
(14); John, Sep. 27, 1752, d. Oct. 27, 1753; Seth, Feb. 7, 
1755 (15) ; Lucy, Apr. 23, 1758, d. Nov. 8, 1847, set. 89, m. 
Dr. Jabez Fuller of Medfield, Aug., 1781, and he d. Apr. 12, 
1813, 6et. 59, and his son, Dr. Seth, d. Sep. 4, 1807, ast. 25. 

8. Lt. Levi, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. (when 60 years old,) 
Alethea, widow of Joshua Hall; and she d. June 5, 1823, 
set. 81. 

278 LORING. 

9. Dea. Perez, (s. of 4.) Dux., m. Sarah Freeman, (da. of 
Joseph,) Feb. 23, 17.5S, and she d. Aug. 26, 180(3; he d. 1827, 
set. 98; had Mary. Dec. 26, 1758, m. Zephaniah Fuller, Dec. 
11, 1781 ; Braddock. Au^. 21, 1760. m. Mary Mattliews, 
1783; Freeman, July 25, 1762 (16); Deborah, Oct. 22, 1764; 
Barak, Apr. 4, 1766, d. in West Indies; Belinda, Mar, 6, 
1768, m. Rev. Calvin Lincoln of Fitchburg; Sarah, Mar. 4, 
1770, m. Reuben Drew, Feb., 1793; Perez, Mar. 10, 1772, d. 
in West Indies; Persis ; Levi, Feb. 13, 1775 (17). 

10. William, (s. of 6.) Dux., m. Alethea Alden, Jan. 8, 
1767, who d. Apr., 1820, at. 76 ; he d. Oct. 18, 1815; a jus- 
tice of the peace ; had William, IMay 9, 1768 (l8) ; George. 
Feb. 2, 1770 (19); Ichabod, Apr. 14, 1774, d. in W. I.' 
Joshua, Dec. 5. 1774 (20); Samnel, Nov. 3, 1775 (21) 
Alden, 1780 (22) ; Sojihia, 1783, m. Elisha Tilden of M. 
Clarissa, 1785, m. Abner Stetson; Bailey, Dec. 10, 1786 

11. Nathaniel, (s. of 6,) Pembroke, m. Miss Baker; had 
Deborah, m. Mr. Barstow ; Sarah, m. Charles Little, ra. 2d, 
Dea. White; Nathaniel, m. Catherine Smith Thomas, and 
had Nathaniel ; Baker; Seneca; Emily xn. Mr. Barstow. 

12. Samuel, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. Prudenc e Chapman , Dec 
25, 1777, whod. Mar., 1829; he d. Oct. 16, 1816, set. 79 
had Anna, Nov., 1778, d. Oct. 25, 1779; Hannah, May 16 
1780, m. Nathl. Winsor, Dec. 9, 1800; Bcnjanim, Jan. 9 
1784, d. July 2, 1788; Prudence, \\x^. 11, 1789, m. Capt 
Richard Soule; Lucy, Sep. 8, 1790, was the 2d w. of Capt 
R. Soule; Samuel, July 17, 1798 (24). 

13. JuDAH, (s. of 7,) Dux., a house carpenter; went to 
Broad Bay, Me., carried on there the salt business ; returned 
to Dux. ; never m. ; d. Oct. 4, 1832, set. 83. 

14. Daniel, (s. of 7,) Dux. ; Braintree; m. Mary Thayer of 
Braintree, 1779 ; had James, June 18, 1780 (25) ; Mary ; Ju~ 
dak. (26); Barnabas Thayer, 1790. d. s. p.; JSathaniel W., 
m. Joan Bowditch, Braintree; Esther; Anna. 

15. Seth, (s.of7,) Boston, d. Sept. 10, 1779, set. 24. 

16. Freeiwan, (s. of 9,) m. Deborah Bradford Oct. 25, 1791 ; 
of Dux. ; d. Nov. 7, 1820, at. 58 ; had Belinda, Dec. 22, 1793; 
Freeman, April 25, 1796, m. Ann Spragne, settled at Medina, 
Ohio; Seth, Jan. 11, 1799; Deborah, Oct. 4, 180t), m. Mr. 
Gilson; Barak, Dec. 28, 1802; Rufiis, June 18, 1804; Eliza, 
May 1, 1806 ; Caroline, Nov. 18, 1807 ; Cynthia, July 23, 1809. 

17. Levi, (s. of9,) Dux.; deacon of Chh. ; m. 1st Joanna 
Josselyn of Pembroke, who d. April 10, 1805 ; m. 2d Sarah 
Brooks, who d. April 10, 1838 ; m. 3d Joaima, who d. April 
10, 1845; had Sarah, Feb. 19, 1804, m. Lewis Ripley of K. ; 

LORING. 279 

Levi Edwin, Jan. 28, 1812, d. Nov. 15, 1835 ; Sarah Brooks, 
Aug. 20, 1813; Perez, Feb. 17, 1817, m. a da. of Asa Chand- 

18. William, (s. of 10,) Dux. ; m. Judith Little, 1794; had 
William Liltlc, June 15, 1796, H. C. 1820, Springfield, m. 
Lucy W. Smith of Hanover, d. 1840, had Lucy W. 1822, 
Benja. W. 1824, Maria F. 1826, Bailey 1828, Eliza 1834, 
Sophia B. 1836; Judith, Oct. 1, 1801, m. Geo. B. Standish; 
Etniline, Jan. 8, 1806, m. Alfred Rogers ; Bailey Hall, June 
3, 1809. 

19. Dea. George, (s. of 10,) Dux.; fell from a load of hay, 
July 12, 1847, and, striking ,his head, broke a blood-vessel 
and expired inmiediately ; m. Nancy Delano, Nov. 24, 1796, 
who d. Sept. 22, 1797, set. nearly 22 ; m. Hannah Drew Jan. 
31,1802, who d. July 25, 1819; m. Wealthea Drew 1820 ; 
had Charles, Dec. 3, 1802 ; Zilpha D., Nov. 15. 1804, m. 
Capt. Nath. Thomas Aug. 28, 1825 ; George, Nov. 30, 1806, 
d. at sea May 16, 1830 ; Capt. Bailey, May 3, 1813, m. Mary 
Basset, who d. May 28, 1848 ; Clarissa, Oct. 14, 1810, m. 
Chas. Jas. Fox Binney, Esq. ; Frederic W., Jan. 12, 1816, d. 
June 27, 1842; John Smith, Feb. 4, 1823; Omar, Oct. 13, 1825. 

20. Joshua, (s. of 10,) Dux., m. Hannah Dingley 1810; 
had Joshua 1812 ; Thomas D., ni. Adeline Sherburn 1847 ; 

Wiiisloio ; George W. ; Anna P., m. Asa Sherman ; Alethea 
Alden, m. James Hunt 1829; Sarah D. ; Sophia B. ; Han- 
nah ; Elizabeth . 

21. Sabiuel, (s. of 10,) Dux., m. Lucy Delano; \\:i.di Abigail 
Soide, Dec. 1, 1805, m. Peleg Barker Nov. 7. 1847; IchabodA., 
Feb. 17, 1807; Samuel, May 21, 1809; Lucy, July 7, 1812; 
Laura Anne, Feb. 19, 1815, m. Samuel Loring ; Benjamin 
D., May 16, 1817; Isaac D., Aug. 18, 1820. 

22. Alden, (s. of 10,) m. Lucinda Muggs; had Lucinda 
1809, m. George Bailey; Laura 1811; Elisha 1813; William 
1815; Hannah D. 1819; John Alden 1821; Elizabeth 1823; 
Sophia 1825 ; Gustavus 1828 ; Barnard 1831 ; Emily 1833. 

23. Rev. Bailey, (s. of 10,) grad. Brown Univ. 1807, stud- 
ied with Dr. Allyn ; ord. at Andover Sept. 19, 1810, resigned 
March 1, 1849, on account of ill health ; m. 1816, Sarah Pick- 
man, only da. of Isaac Osgood, Esq. of Andover; had George 
Bailey, 1807, H. C. 1838, appointed, 1842, surgeon U. S. Hos- 
pital ; Isaac Osgood, 1819. m. Ellen Maria, da. of Hon. D. P. 
King, Dec. 1, 1847, who d'. March 4, 1849 ; Gayton P., 1822, 
of Ware; John Alden, 1824, counsellor at law. 

24. Samuel, (s. of 12,) Dux., m. Mercy Sprague Oct. 6, 1819, 
who d. Oct. 1847. Chd. Samuel, Oct. 6, 1820. m. Laura 
Loring ; Harrison, Oct. 25, 1822, m. Eliza H. Tobey, who 

280 LOUDEN. 

d. 1848; Seth Lorbig Spragiie, Aug. 23, 1824, grad. Middle- ' 
town College, Ct., phy.sician, Boston ; Julia Norris, Aug. 6, 
1826, m. Nathan Brewster ; Ann, Nov. 25, 1828, d. Nov. 26, 
1846; Martha, Nov. 23, 1831 : Emily, Jan. 27, 1834, d. Nov. 
1846; Prudeiice C. May 20. 1837, d. 1839; Charles Carrol, 
Jan. 2, 1840; Abbott, Feb. 15, 1844. 

25. James, (s. of 14,) Dux., in. Mary Freeman, who d. 
Nov. 9, 1816 ; ni. Ruth, widow of Nathaniel Delano, and she 
d. Feb. 10, 1830 ; had Daniel, Feb. 8, 1807, m. Hannah Nor- 
ris of Gardiner, Me.; Judah, April 15, 1809; Barnabas Thay- 
er, Nov. 8, 1811, m. Frances E. Porter of Boston; James 
Thayer, July 1, 1816; Mary ; Frances, Dec. 29, 1827. 

26. Judah, (s. ofl4,) Braintree, m. Elizabeth Nash; had 
Samuel Clark ; Judah Alden, m. Martha V. Edson, 1847 ; 
Anna Alden ; and Mary. 

27. Col. Jotham. (He was a son of Thomas Loring and 
Sarah Hearsey of Hingham, and grandson of Elder John, of 
Hull, who m. Jane, da. of Samuel Baker, and who was son of 
John, of Hull, whose father was Dea. Thomas, No. 1.) Hing- 
ham, removed to Dux. ; m. Mary Richmond, who d. Nov. 14, 
1776, a^t. 43; m. 2d in Dux., Luna, widow of Benja. Wads- 
worth, and she d. June 20, 1815 ; lie d. Sept. 28, 1820. He 
had Sarah, May 8, 1769, m. Philip Chandler Nov. 3, 1792; 
Sylvester Richmond, June 15, 1775, d. Nov. 18, 1796 ; Jotham, 
June 12, 1772, d. 1776; Polly, 1776, m. Ezra Leavitt 1806; 
by 2d w., Wadsworih, Oct. 9, 1786, m. Lucy Sampson, who 
was b. Nov. 17, 1787, and d. June 27, 1837, had VVadsworth 
Sept. 7, 1809, Mary R. Sept. 13, 1812, d. July 21, 1839, Ed- 
ward T. Nov. 27, 1814. 

Note. I am much indebted to a MS. account of the Loring family, by 
Mr. James S. Loring of Boston, 


Abner m. Mercy, who afterwards m. Robert Keen of Bris- 
tol, 1780. He d. Jan. 2, 1766, at. 40, had Josiah, Feb. 9, 
1774; Mercy, July 3, 1776. 

Sylvanus, (b. Feb. 30, 1768.) m. 1790, Elizabeth, who was 
b. Nov. 9, 1770, and d. Aug. 1, 1840, and had Betsy, 1792, 
Eunice, 1794, Joanna, 1796, Huldah, 1799, Lydia, 1801, and 
Mary, 1804. 

Richard, Dux., about the middle of the last century. 

Nathaniel, Dux., removed'to Bridgewater, m. Experience 
Pratt, 1762. Vide Mitchell. 

Bethiali m. Jona. Crookcr, Jr. of Pembroke, Jan. 14, 1743; 
Michael m. Eunice Prior, Nov. 25, 1760; Ruth m. Bezalccl 

MAGOON. 281 

Merrick of Rochester, 1760 ; Michael m. Martha, 1796, and 
had a family. 


Early McGoun, now Magoon and Magoun. 

1. James, Dux., m. Sarah, had James, Mar. 25, 1697. 

2. Elias, Dux., m. Hannah, had David, Nov. 1, 1703, m. 
Rachel Sonle, Sep. 26, 1728; Mary, Mar. 24, 1705; Elias, 
Oct. 9, 1707. 

Note. Elias, the elder, may have been the son of John of Scituate, in 
1666, who had John, 1668, Elias, 1673, and Isaac, \Q15 — Hist. Scit. 
This was probably the John "Makoon " of Cambridge, in 1663. A John 
" Maggone " was m. at Hingham, 1662, and had a da. 1663, and a son, 
James, June 25, 1666. — HobarVs Journal. Sarah m. Stephen Bryant, 
Nov. 23, 1710.— DM.r. Records. 


1. William, Dux., 1638. See Jirst settlers. M., 1667; a 
William of Dartmouth, 1684. 

2. John, Taunton, carpenter, 1644; a John of Taunton, had 
Thomas, Apr. 30, 1679, William, Jan. 31, 1683. A Sarah of 
M., m. Wm. Briggs of Taunton, 6 Nov., 1666. 

John, Dux., 1643, and after. 


1. John, Dux., spelled Magvarland, had JoJui, Feb. 11, 
1706 (2); Hannah, June 8, 1709. 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., m. Martha, had Robert, removed 
to Pembroke, and Sarah (3). 

3. Sarah, (da. of 2,) was b. 1739, and for an account of 
her, see The Sprague Family Memorial. 


John, K., d. Sep. 14, 1772, set. 77\ ; had John, m. Jedidah 
Sampson, July 7, 1763 ; Jenny m. Samuel Sampson, Aug. 22, 


1769; Daniel, Dux., m. Acenith Stetson, 1779, had Acenith 
m. Joseph Ford, Mary m. Benj. Prior, Sophia m. Levi Samp- 
son, Prudence m. Joshua Hathaway, Bartlett, Simeon, and 
Lucy; Joseph had Capt. John, who m. Pormelia, removed to 
Shrewsbury, d. Nov. 17, 1831, at. 42 (see \\ aid's Shrews- 
bury); Margaret, d. July 31, 1776, au. 27. 

Note. Mr. Robert, d. at K., Sep. 26, 1825, aet. 85 ; Capt. Robert d. 
at K., Dec. 28, 1836, at. 66. 


Robert, Dux., 1639, sold house and land to John Phillips. 
A John was of M., 1677. 

Robert, Dux., 1639, m. Mary. 


Mark, Dux., 1610, presented for drawing eelpots on the 
Lord's day, but it was shown to have been done " of ncces- 
sytie meerly." 


William, Dux., 1636. allowed 5 acres next the glade at 
Powder point; 1637, 20 acres at G. H., 1615, prob. of Bridge- 
water. A William Merritt (Merrick?) was constable, 1617. 

Note. William, Eastham, had William, Sep. 1643, m. Abigail 
Hopkins, 23 May, 1667, (had Rebecca 1668, and William 1670,) Stephen, 
May 1646, m. Mercy Bangs, 28 Dec, 1670, Rebecca 1G48, Mary 1650, 
Ruth 1652, Sarah 1654 and John, Jan. 15, 1656.— Co^. Records. John 
Merrick d. at Hingham, July 2, 1647. llobart's Journal. 


Experience, arrived 1623, Plymontli, Dux., 1645, Bridge- 
water, d. 1689, ait. 90, m. Jane Cook, m. 2d, Mary; had 
Thomas ; Jacob, Dartmouth, d. 1675; John, Dux., m. Mary 
Boney, Dec. 14, 1675, who d. May 13, 1677, m. 2d, Mary 
Lathrop, Jan. 14, 1679, who d. Feb. 13, 1680, m. Mary Prior, 
May 24, 1682, sold his house in Dux., to Geo. Williamson, 

MOORE. 283 

had Mary, Feb. 28, 1682, Hannah, Feb. 13, 1683, Joseph, 
Mar. 23, 1684, Dux., 1710, Ehzabeth, Mar. 25, 1685, Eliza- 
beth, May 29, 1686, John, Jan. 13, 1689, Sarah, May 9, 1690, 
Esther, Jan. 22, 1692; Edioard m. Ahce Bradford, Hhigham, 
sold land in Dux., at Bluefish to Samuel Sprague ; Elizabeth 
m. John Washburn, 1645; Sarah m. John Hay ward; Mary 
m. James Shaw, 1652, d. 1679; Hannah m. Joseph Hay- 
ward. — For an extended account of this family, see Mitch- 
ell's valuable history. 


1. Richard, Dux., yeoman, lived near Wm. Brewster, sold 
(1637) his land at Eagle nest. 

2. George, was of Edw. Dotey's family, 1630, Plymouth, 
1637; kept ferry at Jones' River, was allowed to charge a 
penny; Scituate, 1642; d. 1677, "by a fainting fit, or a sud- 
den stoppinge of his breath." 

MORREY (Morey). 

George, Dux., 1640, was granted land for a house in Dux., 
near North hill, and d. same year. 


1. Nathaniel, Dux., 1638, had land at "long poynt" 

2. Thomas, Dux., 1639, had land at Mosquito hole. 


William, arrived 1620, with wife and three others, (one a 
da. m. John Alden,) he d. Feb. 21, 1621. William,, perhaps 
his son, is mentioned in connection with land in 1637, Dux., 
1640, had 10 acres at G. H. path ; alive 1662, and styled one 
of '■ the first borne children of this Gov'"ment." A William 
Mullings m. Ann Bell, widow, at Boston, May 7, 1656. Jo- 
anna m. John Laughton, 21 Sep., 1659, at Boston.* 

* We find also these on the lioston Records. — John Mullings m. Ann 
Bowden, Feb. 17, 1708; Thomas Mullings m. Hannah Bullard, Feb. 10, 

284 NASH. 


John, Dux., early, took oath of fidelity. 


Lt. Samuel, Dux., b. T602, was sheriff of the colony for 
many years, appointed 1652; a Rep.; prob. of Bridgew. ; 
lived in his old age with his son-in-law, Clark; had Martha 

m. Wm. Clark ; m. Abraham Sampson ; — His will 

names his grand daughters Elizabeth Delano and Mary How- 

Note. James m. Sarah Simmons, Dux. ; James, Weymouth, 1655, had 
Jacob, James, Joseph of Seituate ; John, Boston, cooper, 1656 ; James, 
shoemaker, Boston, 1651 ; Robert, butcher, Charlestown, 1642, and d. 
Sep. 3, 1661, and had Elizabeth, who m. John Conney, June 4, 1C54. 
Joshua and Elizabeth at Boston, had Elizabeth, 17 Feb., 1661, Sarah, Feb. 
20, 1663, Joseph, Feb. 14, 1671. John and Rebecca at Boston, had Mary, 
26 Nov., 1667, John, 9 Mar., 1671. Timothy m. Mary Foster, Apr. 2, 
1694, and had Rebecca, 1695. 


John, Dux., m. Sarah Wadsworth, Feb. 3, 1774, had John, 
Aug. 6. 1775; Charlotte, Aug. 25, 1778; Barker, Feb. 12, 
1792; Parmenia, Jan. 12, 1785. 

Note. John, above, was probably the son (b. 1744,) of Job Neal, (and 
Sarah Barker), the son of Joseph, who went from Provincetown to Seit- 
uate, 1700. Deane's Seituate. 

Samuel, appears in Dux. 1740. Abiel m. Benj. Prince 1717. 


Ephraim, Dux., m. Elizabeth, had John, April 6, 1732. 

Note. William, d. 1693 ; m. Sarah, had Ralph, the heir, William 
(who had John), John, Thomas, Isaac, j'phraim, Ebenezer, Lydia, Anne, 
Sarah, Patience, Experience. His will calls Ralph Chapman his brother- 
in-law. — -" — ^^ 

OLDHAM. 285 


1. Thomas, Dux. 1643, cooper, Scit., 1650, m. Mary With- 
erell Nov. 20, 1656; d. 1711; had Mary, Aug. 20, 1658; 
Thomas, 30 Oct. 1660, m. Mercy, da. of Robert Sprout, 1683, 
had Mercy m. Andrew Newcome 1708, Desire m. Samuel Til- 
den 1717, Joshua and Mary (twins) 1684; Sarah ; Hannah ; 
Grace; Isaac, m. Hannah Kein Nov. 21, 1695, of Dux.; 
Ruth ; Elizabeth ; Lydia, 1679. 

2. John, Dux., m. Elizabeth Chandler 1779, d. June 19, 
1832, set. 78; had Elizabeth, Jan. 6, 1780; John, March 1, 
1782, removed to Pembroke ; Chandler, June 28, 1784 ; Tho- 
mas, April 25, 1786; Anna, Blarch 15, 1789; Hannah, Feb. 
14, 1792; Sally, June 17, 1794. 

3. Peleg, (B. of 2,) Dux., m. Anna Simmons, Nov. 29, 1764, 
had Josiah, Caleb, Mercy and Anna. 

Note. Sarah m. Samuel Sprague 1741. Bethiah (sister of 2 and 3,) 
m. Micah Weston 1761. Hannah (sister of 2 and 3,) m. Serajah Glass 
1771. Betty m. Judah Hunt 1764. Oliver d. in Canada Expedition, Oct. 
1759. Hannah m. Eliphalet Bradford 1758. 


Christopher, Dux., 1638, presented to the Colony Court for 
being disorderly. 

Note. John, of Weymouth 1657, had Ephraim. 


The name is also spelled Paybody, though the family at the 
present day spell it Pabodie, which also was the usual spelling 
of the signatures of William of Dux., though sometimes he 
spelt it Paibody. 

1. John, 1637, had 10 acres at Bluefish ; ad. Jan. 2, 1637-8 ; 
prop, of Bridgew. 1645 ; will dated July 15, 1649 ; d. a. 1666 ; 
m. Isabel, who survived him; had Thomas ; Francis; Wil- 
liam (2) ; Anice, m. John Rouse. 

2. William, (s. of 1,) Dux., b. 1620; was "a man much 
employed in pubhc affairs and of much respectability;" m. 
Elizabeth Alden Dec. 26, 1644, and d. Dec. 13, 1707, set. 87. 
The following account of her death is from the Boston News- 
letter, June 17, 1717: — " Little Compton, 31 May. This 
morning died here, Mrs. Elizabeth Paybody, late wife of Mr. 


William Paybody, in the 93 year of her age. She was a 
daughter of John Alden, Esq. and Priscilla his wife, daughter 
of Mr. William Mullins. This John Alden and Priscilla Mul- 
lins were married at Plymouth in New England, where their 
daughter Elizabeth was born. She was exemplarily virtuous 
and pious, and her memory is blessed. She has left a nume- 
rous posterity. Her grand-daughter Bradford is a grandmo- 
ther." Mr. Pabodie lived in Dux., east of Eagle nest creek, 
and near Brewster and Standish ; had Jolui^ Oct. 4, 1645, d. 
Nov. 17, 1609, ffit. 24; the verdict of a jury was, " that liee 
ryding on the road, his horse carryed him underneath the bow 
of a young tree and violently forceing his head into the body 
thereof brake his skull ;" Elizabeth^ April 24, 1647, m. Jolm 
Rogers 1666 ; Mary, Aug. 7, 1648, m. Edw. South worth 1669; 
Merry, Jan. 2, 1649, m. John Simmons 1671 ; Martlia, Feb. 
24, 1650, m. Samuel Seabury 1677 ; Priscilla, Nov. 16, 1650, 
d. young; Priscilla, Jan. 15, 1653, m. Rev. Ichabod Wiswall ; 
Sarah, Aug. 7, 1656, m. John Coe 1680; Rufh, June 27, 1658, 
m. Benj. Bartlett, Jr. 1672 ; Rebecca, Oct. 16, 1660, m. prob. 
Wm. Southworth; Hannah, Oct. 15, 1662, m. Samuel Bart- 
lett 1683 ; William, Nov. 24, 1664, removed to Little Comp- 
ton and m. Judith, who d. July 20, 1714; m. 2d Ruth, who 
d. Dec. 14, 1717. and he d. Sept. 17, 1744; and Lydia, April 
3, 1667. 


1. Robert, Dux., 1638, a smith ; m. Blary ; d. July 25, 
1650, at Plymouth ; had Robert ; Susarma, m. John Eedy, 
Nov. 6, 1665, d. March 14, 1670 ; Zachariah, 20 March, 1636 ; 
Mary, 10 March, 1638; Alice, 7 March, 1640, m. Zachariah 
Eedy 7 March, 1663 ; John, 1 April, 1043, Swansey, m. Anna 
Jones (7) 21 Dec. 1073. His son-in-law William Palmer was 
b. 27 June, 1634. 

Note. Zachariah (prob. father of 1), it is said, came over in the May- 
flower, at that time a minor. Mary m. Thomas Roberts 24 March, 1650, 
at Plymouth. 


Lt. William, Dux. 1632, ad. Jan. 1, 1034, owned land at 
Eagle nest ; 1638, sold his house in Dux. to Thos. Besbeech ; 
1643, Yarmouth; a " nayler." 



Thomas came from London to Long Island 1683, removed 
to Newbury 1685, Pembroke 1697, of Dux. 1710. He was 
son of Rev. John of Ugboroiigh, Eng., who was son of Tho- 
mas, a merchant of London. His chd. were Thomas^ May 8, 
1701, at Pembroke, m. Hannah Gannet 1724, d. 1786, and for 
whose children see Deane's Scituate, and Mitchell's Bridgew. 

John Parris ra. Mary Judd, at Braintree, 30 Aug. 1663. — 
Elizabeth, da. of Tho. and Elizabeth, b. at Boston 10 July, 
1693. — Boston Rec. 


1. George, Dux., yeoman, 1636, (see first settlers) ; m. 
Sarah Tracy Nov. 1638, d. about 1695 ; had John, Nov. 29, 
1657 (2) ; Lydia, m. Dea. Wm. Brewster 1672, and d. Feb. 3, 
1743 ; Ruth, m. Rodolphus Thacher Jan. 1, 1669 ; Triephosa^ 
m. Samuel West, Sept. 26, 1668; Mercy; Sarah, 1639, m. 

•Dea. Samuel Allen of Bridgew. ; James (3). 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., inherited lands in Middleborough ; 
m. Hannah Seabury Dec. 24, 1684; m. 2d Mary Brewster 
May 23, 1700; had Sarah, Sept. 21, 1685, d. Nov. 18, 1685 ; 
Samuel, March 10, 1687; George, Aug. 17, 1690 (4) ; Mary, 
May 2, 1693, m. Jona. Brewster Mar. 6, 1710; Jolm, Dec. 27, 
1697; Benjamin, March 5, 1701; Isaac, March 2, 1705 (5). 

3. James, (s. of 1,) inherited his father's lands in Dux.; m. 
Mary Stetson of Scituate, April 24, 1712, who d. aet. 50, Sept. 
27. 1727, " about nine of y^ clock in y^ evening." He d. Jan. 
20i 1744. 

4. George, (s. of 2,) Dux., inherited his estate from his fa- 
ther ; m. Hannah, da. of the first Dea. Foster of Plymouth 
and widow of William Bradford, who d. Dec. 17, 1778, aet. 84; 
he d. Jan. 24, 1768, set. 78; had George, Feb. 8, 1740 (6); 
Hannah, m. Nov. 23, 1758,' Bartholomew Richardson, the 
father of Capt. Geo. P. Richardson, who lives on the estate of 
his uncle George Partridge, in Dux. ; and Samuel, (7). 

5. Isaac, (s. of 2,) Dux., lives on the homestead; m. Grace 
Sylvester March 10, 1730, who d. April 2, 1768, set. 61, he d. 
Jan. 26, 1794; h^A Ruth, May 23, 1730, d. Jan. 15, 1756, set. 
24; Johii, May 28, 1732, d. Sept. 14, 1755, set. 23|; Lucretia, 
May 2, 1735, never m. ; Calvin, May 29, 1739 (8). 

6. Hon. George Partridge (s. of 4). He d. on the morn- 
ing of July 7th, 1828, in the 89th year of his age. See p. 152. 
An address was delivered at his funeral by Rev. Mr. Kent, 

288 PEIRCE. 

which was published, and from which I have frequently ex- 

7. Capt. Samuel (s. of 4). He resided in Boston, where 
he was a merchant successfully engaged in business. He was 
twice married. His second wife was Miss Hubbard. His da. 
Rebecca m. Benj. Barker of Pembroke, who removed to Scit. 

8. Col. Calvin, (s. of 5,) Dux., m. Mary, widow of Col. 
Ichabod Alden, Oct. 24, 1779. He d. Nov. 27, 1815 ; had 
John, Nov. 22, 1781, m. Elizabeth Delano of M., who was b. 
Sept. 30, 1788, and had Elizabeth, Eucrctia, Ruth, Mary and 
John; Ralph, Nov. 13, 1783, m. Hannah Sprague, had Alme- 
da 1815, m. Wm. Ellison, Ralph 1816, d. at sea 1836, Weal- 
thea L. 1821, ni. Capt. Ebenezer Howes, George Leroy 1829 : 
Mary, Dec. 10, 1786, m. Nathl. Soule, Jr. ; Rebecca, m. Con- 
stant Sampson ; Ruth ; Hannah, Dec. 12, 1792 ; Ichabod Al- 
den, May 1, 1798. 

Note, Mehetable m. John Soule 1730 ; Sarah m. Asa Hunt 1736.* 

William, Dux., constable, 1666. 


1. Abraham, Plymouth, 1627, Dux., 1643, prop, of Bridgew. 
1645, d. before 1673, had Abraham (2) ; Isaac (3) ; Rebecca, 
m. Wills ; Mary, m. Baker ; Alice, m. Baker. 

2. Abraham, (s. of 1,) Dux., had land in Dux.; had Abra- 
ham, who removed to Pembroke, and m. Abigail Peterson, 
Sept. 25, 1729, and Hajinak, April 1706. 

* There was a family of Partridge early in Medfield, but it is not Imovvn 
what connection, if any, existed between them and the Diixhury branch. 
I glean the following from the Boston records : William, of Medfield, m. 
Sarah Peirce, Nov. 23, 1054, and she d. May 10, 1050, m. 2d Sarah Col- 
buriie, Nov. 19, 1050, and had Eleazer, May 13, 1050, Nathaniel, Nov. 3, 
1000, John, Feb. 13, 1002, Elisha, Feb. 27, 1005. Jo/in, of Medfield, m. 
Magdalen liullard, Dec. 18, 1G55, had John Sept. 21, 10.50, Hannah April 
15, "1658, Deborah Aug. 10, 1602, and Eleazer Feb 20, 1064.— Boston Rec, 
Priscilla m. Joseph Plympton Aug. 22, 109!). Eiizal)eth m. Wm. Caswell 
May 10, 1710 ; Elizabeth m. Joseph Ellis 12 Dec. 1716. William m. Ra- 
chel Goss Nov. 15, 1711. Magdalen, of Medway, m. David Daniels 11 
Feb. 1724. Stephen, of .Medway, m. Mary Maccane April 7, 1737. Deb- 
orah m. Zach. Harbar 24 Dec. 1717. Sarah m. Joseph Marsh Feb. 24, 
1717. Lydia, of Medfield, m. Nathl. Smith 24 June, 1717. Margery, of 
Medfield, m. Thomas Mason April 23, 1653. — Boston Rec. 


3. Isaac, (s. of 1,) Dux., 1684, alive 1710 ; owned land 
west of Namasakeeset brook. 

4. Samuel, m. Mary Sannders, Jan. 18, 1703, Dnx. 1710, 
removed to Gloucester. John and Thomas were also in Dux. 

5. Benjamin, Dux., m. Lucia Burgess, May 11, 1775, had 
John^ who was drowned; Benjamin^ who lived at Saquish. 

6. Joseph, Dux., d. Jan. 5, 1796, m. Olive, had Joseph^ 
July 25, 1774; Luther, May 9, 1776; Calvin, July 26, 1778; 
Seth, March 7, 1786. 

Note. Abigail m. Lemuel Simmons 1770 ; Joseph d. Jan. 1, 1813, et. 


1. John, Dux., d. 1690, m. Mary Soule. 

2. Joseph, (B. of 1,) Dnx., had Jonathan (3) ; Benjamin, 
1670 (4); David, Oct. 1, 1676, d. Sep. 30, 1760, ait. 84, near- 
ly; Isaac (5); Johti, Dux., 1710. 

3. Jonathan, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Lydia Thacher, who d. 
May 26, 1756, at. 771 ; had John, Aug. 22, 1701 ; Hopestill, 
Jan. 20, 1703, m. Joshua Delano; Jonathan, Sep. 20, 1706 
(6) ; Reuben, Apr. 8, 1710 (7). 

4. Benjamin, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Hannah Wadsworth, Feb. 
9, 1698, who d. the "night following the 6th day of Febru- 
ary, anno, 1733." He d. Feb. 11, 1760, aet. 90i years; had 
Jacob, Feb. 22, 1711 (8). 

5. Isaac, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Mary Hobart, da. of Daniel. 
She was b. 1689, and d. Mar. 22, 1763, aet. 74; had Priscilla, 
m. Eliphas Weston. 

6. Jonathan, (s. of 3,) Dux., d. May 5, 1765, aet. 58 ; had 
John (14); Jonathan (16); Lanrania m. Charles Rider of 
Plymouth, Apr. 20, 1773 ; and committed suicide. Mar. 9, 
1791 ; David, a. 1757; Turner, a. 1760. 

7. Reuben, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Rebecca Simmons, July 6, 
1732, who d. Jan. 25, 1764, set. 50 ; had Elijah (9) ; Mary, 
d. set. 38, June 25, 1772; Nehemiah (10); Abigail m. Zenas 
Thomas, Feb. 14, 1765; Sarah m. Cornelius Delano, 1762; 
Lydia, a. 1742; Thaddeus {II); Luther m. Priscilla Cush- 
man, 1789; Reuben (12). 

8. Jacob, (s. of 4.) Dnx., m. Mary, who d. Oct. 20, 1777, 
set. 60. He d. Jan. 27, 1784, had Benja7nin, Mar. 4, 1739, 
who m. Bethiah Cushing, June 22, 1758, and had Sarah, Apr. 
16, 1759; Hannah, Jan. 2, 1761, m. Levi Dingley, 1778; 



Benjamin, July 10, 1763 (13) ; Bethia m. Joseph Prior, Apr. 
18, 1769. 

9. Elijah, (s. of 7.) Dux., m. Abigail AVhittcmore of M., 
Oct. 24, 176.5, and had Whitlemore, Apr. 13, 1781, m. Jeru- 
sha, who was b. Oct., 1791, and Joel, who was twice m. 

10. Nehemiah, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. Princee'Dillingham, Dec, 
13, 1764; had Neheniia/i, removed to Me.; Lydia ; Mary 
m. Steplien Churchill; Princee m. Joshua Bryant; Elis/ia, 
drowned ; Ezias, Dec. 12, 1782, m. Lydia, who was b. Apr. 
26, 1779. 

11. Thaddeus, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. Anne Wadsworth ; he d. 
July 27, 1825, set. 82; had Selali, Feb. 22, 1771; Luke, 
1773; Ft'ederic, Dec. 25, 1775; Amie, Jan. 30, 1780; Icha- 
bod Wadsu-orlh, May 14, 1782; Rebecca, July 22, 1784; 
Mary, Aug. 23, 1787; Sophia, Aug. 16, 1790. 

12. Reuben, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. Abigail, who d. Jan. 13, 
1842 ; had Samnel G., 1779 ; Ic/iabod, 1781, d. 1805 ; Abigail, 
1783; Thomas, 1786; Charles, 1788; Renhen, 1791; Clark, 
1793; Sarah, 1797; Lucy, 1799. 

13. Benjamin, (s. of Benj., s. of 8,) Dux., m. Sarah Prior, 
1783; had Henry, Oct. 30, 1783, d. at Guadalonpe, May 19, 
1799; Allen, Nov. 17, 1785; Hannah, Apr. 4, 1788; Louis, 
July 25, 1790; Benjamin, Nov. 20, 1793; Africa, Oct. 12, 
1796; Sarah, Oct. 11, 1800. 

14. John, (s. of 6,) Dux., m. Sarah Hewitt of M., Sep. 20, 
1765 ; removed to Me. ; had John, lost at sea; Levi ; Charles 
b. at Me. ; Hewett b. at Me. ; Sarah b. at Me., m. Robert Bos- 

15. Jonathan, (s. of 6,) Dux., lived at Mill Brook, m. Lucy 
Hunt, 1771 ; had Lewis, m. Sarah Fuller of K., lost at sea; 
George m. Sarah Prior ; Wealthea rn. a Robinson ; Olive. 

16. Joseph, (s. of?) Dux., m. Rebecca Delano, Apr. 4, 
1773; had Daniel, Oct. 9, 1775, m. Bethia Weston, and had 
Daniel, 1803, Hannah, 1806, Amanthis, 1807, Jcrusha, 1809, 
George, 1812, ra. Hannah Prior, Martha m. William Prior; 
Betsy m. Joseph Wadsworth. 

17. Joshua, (s. of?) Dux., m. Silvia Soule, Feb. 1780, had 
Joshua 1786, James 1792, and Mehetable. 

Note. Rebecca m. John Weston, 1717 ; Mercy m. Joseph Weston, 
1721 ; Abigail m. A. Peirce, 1729 ; Rebecca m. Bethuel Packard, 1783 ; 
Mori/ m. Zadock Weston, 1707; AJirc m. Aaron Soule, 1727; Packard d. 
May 10, 1843, act. 56 ; Thomas W., Mar. 24, 176G, m. Lydia Ford ; Baija- 
min, lost at sea, Jan., 17G5, set. 26 ; Fmth m. Samuel Drew, 1716 ; Mary 
d. Apr. 3, 1763, set. 75; Sarah m. Timothy Williamson, 1767; Susanna 
m. Gershom Ewell, Jr., 1767. 



1. John, 1639, Dux., 1640, had a garden place on Stoney 
brook, and land towards G.H.; was b. 1602; lived also in 
M., m. 1st in England; m. 2d, widow Faith Doten, Mar. 14, 
1667; bed. 1677,* and she survived ; had Jo h?i {2) ; Samuel 
who had chd. ; Betyamin, M., 1685, had s. John ; Mary, of 
"whom her father says in his will, that " by reason of y^ weak- 
ness of her reason and understanding, she is incapable to 
maintain and provide for herself" 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux. and M., m. 2d, Grace Holloway, 
1654, and d. July 31, 1658;! had Hannah., 1654; Grace, 
1654; Joseph., 1656; Benjamin., 1658, m. Sarah Thomas, 
1681, and had John, 1682, m. Patience Stevens, 1710, Joseph 
1685, Benjamin 1687, Thomas 1691, Jeremiah 1697, Isaac 

3. Thomas, (s. of?) Dux., d. Dec. 17, 1759, set. 81, m. Re- 
becca, who d. Mar. 4, 1761, ajt. 80; had John, 1707, d. 1791, 
Mar. 16, set. 84, m. Mary, who d. Mar. 21, 1791, set. 82; 
Samuel, 1709, d. Nov. 26, 1734; Rebecca m. Philip Chandler, 
1725 ; Thomas (4) ; Blanie (5). 

*His first wife died June 23, 1666, as appears from a letter by the Rev. 
Samuel Arnold of Marshfield, to the Rev. Mr. Mather of Boston, in 1683, 
wherein the circums'.ances are thus related : — " We being sorely distressed 
with drought, had on the fourth day of the week made our address to the 
Most High God, by humble fasting and prayer. The drought continued 
until the last day of the said week, on which day it pleased God to answer 
us by terrible things in righteousness, who was yet the God of our Salva- 
tion ; for about the middle of the day thare arose in the North the most 
dismal black cloud, I think that ever I saw." It came up, and was very 
dark, and there was much thunder and lightning. There were at the house 
of John Phillips, fourteen persons. " Instantly a terrible clap of thunder 
fell upon the house and rent the chimney, and split the door in many places, 
and struck most of the persons, if not all." Three were " mortally struck 
with God's arrows, that they never breathed more." They were the wife 
of Mr. Phillips, and his son, aged about ten years, and one William Shertly, 
"who had a little child in his arms, which was wonderfully preserved." 
This Shertly had just before been burnt out of his own house, and with 
his fiimily was at this time "a present sojourner " at said Phillips'. A 
dog also, which was under a table behind two small children, was killed, 
while they were preserved. — Mather MSS. 

f The manner of his death was as follows: — Being at work in the 
meadow, making hay, a tempest suddenly arose, and he immediately started 
for the nearest house. Having entered, he sat down in a chair between 
the door and the chimney, when the lightning struck the chimney, and 
descending, passed out the door, knocking him lifeless upon the ground. 
Persons who were within three feet of him escaped unharmed. — Deposition 
of Capt. Nathaniel Thomas, among the Mather MSS. 


4. Thomas, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Jedidah, who d. Jan. 8, 
1741 ; he d. Nov. 11, 1778, set. 73; had Mary, Jan. 29, 1731 ; 
Rebecca, May 18, 1732, m. Thomas Dawes, July 31, 1771 ; 
Abigail, Apr. 1, 1733; T/iomas (6). 

5. Blanie, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Christian Wadsworth, May 

23, 1733; had Samvel, May 9, 1734, d. young; Blaiiie, July 
3, 1736 (7) ; Samuel, May 2, 1738, d. Sep. 18, 1756, of a 
fever; Christian, Apr. 7, 1740; Mercy, Mar. 10, 1742, d. 
Sep. 16, 1744; Mercy, Oct. 6, 1744; Seth, a. 1750; Lot, a. 
1755 ; Betty, a. 1757. 

6. Thomas, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Abigail Chandler, 1771 ; 
had Abigail B., 1774, Rebecca, Luther, Mary, Chandler, and 

7. Blanie, (s. of 5,) Dux., m. Blary, who d. July 20, 1773; 
aet. 35; he removed to Fitchburg, a. 1789; had Olive, Jan. 

24, 1763, m. 1782, Robert Sampson; Eunice. Sep. 29, 1764, 
d. young; Sa?nuel, Aug. 5, 1766; Eunice, June 30, 1768; 
3Iary, Nov. 8, 1769; Huldah, Dec. 5, 1771. 

Note. Nathaniel m. Joan White, both of M., Jan. 16, 1035; Dea. 
Elisha m. Mary Wadsworth, July 1, 1756 ; Susanna m. Abner Russell, 
Dec. 24, 1764 ; Amos m. Pri&cilla Seabury, Dec. 24, 1778 ; Asa m. Clyn- 
thia Southworth, Oct. 5, 1769 ; Sarah m. Gideon Dawes, 1771 ; Bethiah 
m. James Basset of K., Oct. 14, 1773; Hannah m. Jesse Curtis, July 28, 
1774; Benjamin ra. Olive, and had Joseph, Nov. 13, 1797. — Dux. Rec. 

John m. Ann Torrey, 1677 ; Richard Weymouth, 1673 ; William, Boston, 
vintner, 1655 ; Jeremiah d. at M., 1666 ; Thomas, Yarmouth, 1657; Wil- 
liam, Taunton, d. a. 1654, m. Elizabeth, and had James; James, Taunton, 
had James, Jan. 1, 1661, Nathaniel, Mar. 25, 1664, Sarah, Mar. 17, 1667, 
William, Aug. 21, 1769 ; Samuel m. widow Cobb, May 15, 1676, and had 
Mehetable, Jan. 9, 1676. — Col. Rec. 


George, Dux., 1644, a tailor. A George Pidcoke was a 
householder of Scituate before 1640, m. Sarah Richards in the 
same year, and was living, 1670. — Hist. Scituate. 


George, 1639, Dux., miller, 1610, land North of Mill brook; 
came from Stokeslere, England ; yeoman ; had an elder broth- 
er, John Pollard, "of Belcliamp, St. Paulo, Essex, lOngland," 
who in 1671, after his brother's death, made application for 
the share of his brother in the mill: but C. Southworth, who 

PRINCE. 293 

now owned the other half, refused to give it up on account of 
the trouble he had had with it, and was sustained by the 

A John Pollard, had John, 20 Mar., 1675. — Col. Rec. 


William, d. at Plymouth Feb. 9, 1652, had Mary, m. Jas. 
Glass, m. 2d P. Delano ; Hannah^ m. James Churchill.* 
A William was in Namasakeesett, 1663. 


Gov. Thomas, b. 1600, arrived 1621 ; Governor of the Col- 
ony, Plymouth, removed to Dux. 1635 ; Eastham 1644; m. 
1st, 1624, Patience Brewster, she d. 1634; m. 2d, 1635, Mary 
Collier; m. 3d, Mary, wido'w of Samuel Freeman, 1662; and, 
d. April 8, 1673, set. 73 ; his w. survived — of Plymouth 1658. 
Had Thomas, went to England, m. there, d. young, leaving 
Susanna, who is called in 1677, of "Catheren Gate, near the 
Tower, London, singlewoman;" jB/t2;a6e/A, m. Arthur How- 
land, Jr. ; Mercy, m. Feb. 14, 1649, John Freeman; Rebecca, 
m. Edmund Freeman, Jr. 1646; Hannah, m. Nalh. Mayo 13 
Feb. 1649 (and had Thomas, Nathaniel, Samuel, Hannah, 
and Theophilus), m. 2d, Joua. Sparrow ; Jane, m. Mark Snow 
9 Jan. 1660 ; Judith, m. Isaac Barker 28 Dec. 1665 ; m. Wm. 
Tubbs 1691; Mary, m. John Tracy of Dux. ; Sarah, m, Je- 
remiah Howes 1650. 


1. Benjamin (see note below), Dux., m. Abiel Nelson April 
1,1717; removed to North Yarmouth, Me., and ad. to the 
Chh. there a. 1730 ; he d. Dec. 1, 1737, aet. 44, and she d. 15 
Sept. 1744; and they had, — Benjamiii, April 14, 1718, m. Re- 

~becca Fisher at N. Yarmouth, m. 2d, Hannah a. 1742, 

and she d. March 8, 1796 ; Paul, March 14, 1720, m. Hannah 
Gushing at N. Yar., and d. Nov. 25, 1809, set. 90, and she d. 
Feb. 6, 1814, get. 92; Sylvanvs, Sept. 17, 1722, ra. Elizabeth 
Johnson, and d. Sept. 18, 1790, set. 68, and she d. April 7, 

* John Churchill, who d. Jan. 1, 1662, had Hannah 12 Nov. 1649 ; Ele- 
azer, 20 April, 1652 (who had Hannah 23 Aug. 1G76, and Joan 25 Nov. 
1678) ; and Mary, Aug. 1, 1654. Joseph Churchill m. Sarah Hicks 1672, 
and had John 22 July, 1678. John m. Desire Holmes before 1695. — Col. 

294 PRIOR. 

1800, set. 71 years ; Sarah, April 8, 1725, and John, May 20, 

2. Thomas, b. 1695, shipwright, Dux. ; bought a farm of 
Samuel Sprague ; m. Judith Fox, Nov. 25, 1729; had Han- 
nah, Oct. 22, 1730, m. EHphalet Bradford 1751 ; Judith, m. 
Eden Thomas 1757. 

Note. Thomas, Dux., 1713, exchanged land ; Thomas m. Lydia, and 
returned to K. 1755 ; John, Jr. was of Namasakeeset 1669. — John b. 1610, 
(s. of Rev. John of East Strafford, Eng.) Nantasket 1638, Hull lfi-44, d. 
there Aug. 6, 1676, aet. 66, had John 1638, d. 1690 ; Elizabeth, 1640 ; Jo- 
seph, 1642, m. Joanna Morton Dec. 7, 1670 ; Martha 1645 ; Job 1647 ; 
Many 1648 ; Samuel, 1650 (father of Rev. Thomas, the chronologist). 
Vide Mitchell's Hist. Sarah 1651 ; Benjamin 1652; /saac .1654, m. Mary 
Turner 1683 ; Deborah 1656, ra. Wm. King ; Thomas, bap. Aug. 3, 1658, 
Scituate, m. Ruth Thomas (who next m. Israel Sylvester of Dux.), and 
had Thomas, July 10, 1686, Benjamin 1693 (probably No. 1), Job 1695.— 
History Scituate. Mary Prince m. Joseph Joye Aug. 29, 1607. — Hobart's 


1. Tho3ias came from England, Scituate 1634, and d. 1639 ; 
had Samuel, Thomas, Elizabeth, Mary, all in Eng. in 1639 ; 
Joseph (2) ; John (3) ; Daniel, m. Mary. 

2. Joseph, (s. ofl,) b. 1623, Dux. 1643; lived with .Fohn 
Rogers of Dux. in 1644, then not quite 21 years old; 1672, 
had a grant of land; m. Hannah; inventory of estate taken 
Feb. 12, 1690. 

3. John, (s. of 1,) removed to Dux. ; m. there Eleanor 
Childs Aug. 1695. 

4. Benjamin, (s. of-,) Dux., m. Bethiah Pratt Dec. 9, 1697, 
who d. Dec. 25, 1756, aet. 77; had Benjamin, Oct. 30, 1699 
(5) ; Abigail Sept. 9, 1701 ; Ruth, Aug. 4, 1704, m. John De- 
lano, Jr. 1724; Joshua, Aug. 1, 1709; John, March 21, 1712 

5. Benjamin, (s. of 4,) Dux., tanner; m. Deborah Weston 
Nov. 7, 1723, who d. Dec. 7, 1775, ajt. 73 ; hed. Dec. 3, 1766, 
cet. 67; had Rebecca, Feb. 14, 1725; Jabez, April 16, 1727, 
d. Oct. 3, 1757, aet. 30; T^ois, Jan. 25, 1729, d. Sept. 18, 1812, 
get. 84; Eunice, Feb. 25, 1731, d. Sept. 2, 1734: Eliphas, 
Sept. 11, 1733 (7) ; Si/lvanus, June 13, 1735, d. June2S, 1738; 
Eunice, Dec. 15, 1736, m. Michael Louden 1760 ; Sylvaiuis, 
Feb. 3, 1739, d. at Martinique Oct. 6, 1762; Benjamin, Oct. 
23, 1740 (8) ; Ezra, a. 1743, d. Oct. 15, 1756 ; Joseph, a. 1745 


6. John, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Mercy Delano Oct. 14, 1735; 
had Hannah, Aug. 10, 1736; Nathaniel, Oct. 31, 1739; Ruth, 
April 11, 1742; Johi, Nov. 5, 1744, m. Lydia Osyer April 
13, 1767, had Susanna July 7, 1768; Ellas, Dec 21, 1747. 

7. Eliphas, (s. of 5,) Dux. ; m. Hannah, da. of Josiah How- 
ard, who d. May 31, 1776 ; had iSylvaniis, Aug. 3, 1764 (lU) ; 
Sarah, m. Benj. Prior 1783; Hannah. 

8. Benjamlv, (s. of 5,) Dux., m. Sarah Soule Jan. 1765 ; had 
Jabez, Dec. 23, J 765 ; Joanna, JNIarch 22, 1766, m. Joshua 
Gushing; Me/-cy, April 22, 1767, m. Benj. Bosworth ; Aiine, 
Oct. 21, 1770, m. Nathl. Holmes ; Jabez, April 26, 1772, m. 
Abigail, whod. Nov. 2, 1799; Matthew, April 2, 1774; Sarah, 
m. George Peterson ; Benjamin, m. Mary Mc Laughlin, who 
d. Nov. 22, 1832. 

9. Joseph, (s. of 5,) Dux., m. Bethia Peterson April 18, 1769, 
had Marij, March 15, 1770; Joseph, Aug. 27, 1771 ; Ezra, 
Nov. 16, 1773; William, Feb. 22, 1776; Melzar ; Deborah. 

10. Sylvanus, (s. of 7.) Dux., m. Christian Chandler Jan. 
31, 1793, who was b. Feb. 20, 1770 : had Eliphas Feb. 13, 
1794 ; Charles Feb. 11, 1796 ; Lncij Chandler, Nov. 23, 1801 ; 
Sylvanns, Jan. 1, 1805; George C, Feb. 6, 1807; Henry, 
Oct. 16, 1808; Hannah, March 22, 1811 ; Allen, Oct. 5, 1813. 

11. John, (s. of 2,) Dux., East Bridgewater, m. Bethia Al- 
len, d. 1742. Vide Mitchell. 

12. James, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Abigail, had Joanna, d. Jan. 
20, 1757 ; Deborah, m. Ebenezer Thompson of Halifax, 1781 ; 


1. Nehemiah, Dux. 1710. He was probably the s. (b. 1688) 
of Job, of Scituate. who was the son of Joseph, the son of 
William, who was' of Rhode Island 1636, M. 1637, Scituate 
1640. — Vide Deane's Scituate. An Elizabeth m. Caleb House 
July 12, 1759 ; and another of the same name m. Saml. Fish 
1732. Job, of Dux., d. in Canada Expedition, Nov. 1759. 

2. Thomas, Dux., had Thomas 1786, Washburn 1789, d. 
1799, Luther 1792, John 1795, Asksah 1797, Betsy 1799, 
James 1803, Mary 1805, Sarah 1807, and Rufus 1810. 

Benjamin, Dux., 1643, able to bear arms. 


RHENOLDS (Reynolds). 

William, Dnx., 1636, in Feb. had a grant of land in Dnx., 
and soon alter the (government aUowed him to build. 1637-8, 
presented to the Court for benig "drunk at Mr. Hopkins his 
house, that he lay under the table vomiting in a beastly man- 
ner, and was taken up between two." He m. Alice Kitson, 
30 Aug., 1638. 

John (and Ann,) Reynolds, Weymouth, 1660. 


William, Dux., had Rispah, bap. Apr., 1740. Mercy m. 
Jona. Weston, May 8, 1728. 


1. Dr. Edmund, Dux., d. May 30, 1761. tct. 29, of "of plu- 
risy." He was a native of AVoburn, and was there buried. 

2. Bartholomew, m. Hannah Partridge, 1758, and was the 
father of Capt. Ceo. P. Richardson of Dux. 


1. Capt. Hezekiah, Dux., m. Abigail Hunt, Dec. 3. 1739; 
removed to K., 1759; had Ruftis a. 1741 ; Spenser a. 1746; 
Olive a. 1749; IS'abhi ; Hezekiah, 1751, d. at K., Oct. 18, 
1841, set. 90, had Rufus, 1787, who d. at sea, Nov. 10, 1810, 
ast. 23. 

2. Abner, (s. of?) m. Abigail Robbins, Mar. 14, 1746, who 
d. Dec. 12, 1773, act. 55. 

3. William, (s. of 7) Dux., m. Lydia Hunt, 1758, who d. 
Dec. 23, 1774; he was cast away on Duxbury beach, and- 
perished, Nov. 17, 1766, act. 32; had Rebecca, Sep. 5, 1760, 
m. Nathaniel Alden, 1783; Piram, Nov. 22, 1762; William, 
July 10, 1764; Pelham, 1766. 

4. Kimball, (s. of?) Dux., m. Sarah Sprague, Jan. 24, 
1771; she d. Mar. 28, 178-, a)t. 39; had Daniel, Kimball, 
and Sarah. 

Note. Sarah m. Amos Howes, Jan. 11, 1748; Sarah m. Consider 
Thomas, Mar. 10, 1774 ; Joshua liad Alice bap. 1756 ; Abigail ra. Gideon 
Wing, 1767 ; Elizabeth \V. m. Isaac Delano, 1782. — Dux. Rec. A Joshua 
Ripley b. at Hingham, Nov. 9, 1658, d. May 18, \12Q. — Ilobarfs Journal. 

ROGERS. 297 


1. Nicholas, Dux., 163S, bought Thomas Burgess' house; 
1640, land at North hill, and at Namasakeeset; a shoe maker; 
m. Ann; had John, who was of Dux., 1661, afterwards of 
Bridgewater, became helpless, m. Jehosabeth Jourdaitie, 14 
Dec, 16G5, had Jeduthan 1667, for whose descendants, see 
Mitchell's Hist; Mary ; Hannak ; Catherine. 

2. Thomas, Dux., 1643, able to bear arms. 

Note. William, Hingham, m, Susanna Lane, 1665, and was perhaps 
son of Richard of Hingham, Cambridge, and Boston. — Abigail m. Abner 
Ripley, 1746. 

Thomas, Dux.. 1640, had land with George IMorrey. 


1. Isaac, (s. of the Leyden pastor, Rev. John) Plymouth ; 
Dux., before 163.5 bought land at Is. ck. of Edmund Chand- 
ler, sold it to Thomas Bidle; Scituate, 1636; Barnstable, 
1639 ; m. a sister of Elder Faunce ; d. get. 93. Deane's Scit. 

Note. George (Swanzey,) m. Elizabeth Gaille, Nov., 1680, had 
John, 1681; Samuel (s. of Geo. Jr.,) b. Nov., 1679. 

2. John " Roberson ; " Dux. ; m. Elizabeth; had Beiti/, Sep. 
16, 1754; Martha, Mar. 29, 1756; John, Mar. 1, 1768; Isaac, 
Sep. 6, 1760 ; Robert, Nov. 22, 1762 ; Nanaj, Apr. 30, 1775. 


1. John, 1634, bought land in Dux., of Edmund Chandler, 
for £12; will dated, Feb. 1, 1660; m. Frances; had John 
(2) ; Joseph ; Timothy, M., 1681, freed from bearing arms, 
h,einglame; Ann, m. John Hudson; Mary ; Abigail. 

Note. One of the daughters m. George Russell. 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., d. a. 1696 ; m. Elizabeth Pabodie, 
Nov. 1666 ; had Hannah, Nov. 16, 1668 ; John, Sep. 22, 
1670; Ruth, Apr. 18, 1675; Sarah, May 4, 1677; Elizabeth. 

3. John, M. ; by his will gives to gd.-son John Tisdell, for 
the use of his mother Anne Tenney, land in Middleboro' ; 
had Elizabeth rn. a Williams; John; Abigail m. a Rich- 


298 ROSE. 

mond, and had Joseph and Edward ; Hannah m. John Tis- 
del], Jr., 23 Nov., 1664, she is called of Dux. 

4. John, (Deane conjectures he was a descendant of the 
Springfield martyr.) Scituate, 1644, Mitchell says he was in 
Dux.; m. Ann Churchman, Apr. 16, 1639; he d. Feb. 11 
1661, at Weymouth; had Lydia, Mar. 27, 1642; John (5) 
Thomas, M., had Samuel, who went to E. Bridgewater 
Samuel, M. 

5. John, (s. of 4,) Scit., m. Rhoda, da. of Thomas King, 
Oct. 8, 1656; a quaker ; had Jo// n of M., had Alice 1682, 
Daniel, Ehzabeth, Thomas, Hannah, Joshua, Mary, Caleb 
1718; Abigail m. Timothy White, 1678; Mary m. John 
Rouse, 1659; Lydia m. Joseph White, Sep. 19, 1660; Han- 
nah m. Samuel Pratt, Sep. 19, 1660. Deane's Scituate. 

6. Joseph ; a Lt. ; Sandwich ; had Sarah, b. and d. 1633 ; 
Joseph, 19 July, 1635, m. Susanna Deane, Apr. 4, 1660, d. 
Dec. 25, 1660, because John Hawes "gave him a most deadly 
fall;-' had Joseph (who had Thomas) ; Thomas, 29 Mar., 
1638; Elizabeth, 29 Sep., 1639, m. Jona. Higgins, 9 Jan., 
1660; John, 3 Apr., 1642; Mary, 22 Sep.. 1644^; James, 18 
Oct., 1648, m. Mary Paine, 11 Jan., 1670(7); Hannah, 8 
Aug., 1652. 

7. Joseph, kept a ferry at Jones River, where he lived, and 
was allowed by the Court to charge a penny for transporta- 
tion. A Joseph was of Namasakeeset 1663, when he was or- 
dered to leave the colony for a crime. Joseph, Jr., d. at 
Eastham, Jan. 27, 1660. Joseph, Dux. 1643. Joseph, 1640, 
had 50 acres at North river. Joseph, Dux. 1689-1710. 

Note. Timothy m. Sarah Kein April 6, 1710 ; Francis, Dux. 1710 ; 
Elizabeth, of Abin^ton m. Thomas Terrill Sept. 13, 1720 ; Nathaniel, ofM. 
m. Hannah Ford Ju]y 23, 1781 ; John, Jr. of M. m. Hannah Spra^ue Dec. 
11, 1700. — T. Records. Lt. Rogers d. at Eastham 1678, leaving Thomas. 
Symon, tanner, Boston, m. 1st Mary, who d. Aug. 1, 1040, m. 2d Susan, 
had Nathaniel, Feb. 14, 1642, Lydia Dec. 1, 1G45, Symon 28 April, 1054, 
Gamaliel March 26, 1657, Joseph July 29, 1662.— Boston Records.* 

, ROSE. 

1. John, M. ; ho "was overcome by the violence of the 
weather, Feb. 13, 1676, while gunning on the beach." The 

* We also find on the Boston records — At Weymouth John Rogers m. 
Mary Bates Feb. 8, 16G3 ; Susanna, da. of Joseph and Elizabeth Rogers, 
was b. Dec. 4, 1688. Jane, da. of Gamaliel and Mercy, was born Jan. 3, 
1688. These two were probably sons of Symon. 


" mens of Rose ould liouse" are frequently mentioned in Dux. 
records, as being near Mill brook. 

2. Thomas, (B. of 1,) Scituate, 1660, had John, killed at 
Rehoboth ; Thomas, m. Lydia Turner ; Gideon. See Deane's 

Note. Joseph, M., 1657. Robert and John were of Conn, early. 


1. John, M., and Dux. 1640; m. Anice Pabodie; his will is 
dated 1682 ; her will gives Samuel Cornish her servant, a 
"gun, sword and belt, w^^ he useth," and her bible to Anna; 
had John; Simon, inherited land in Dux., Saconet 1681, kept 
a house of entertainment for strangers; Maiy m. a Price; 
An?iaxn. a Holmes; Elizabeth m. Thos. Bourn April 10, 1681. 

2. John, (s. of — ,) Scituate; M. 1640; a quaker ; had John 
1643 ; George 1648. 

Note. A John m. Mary Rogers 1659. A John had a grant of land at 
Namasakeeset in 1665. A John, of Liule Compton, m. Anne Lathley, of 
M., June 29, 1720.* 

John, Dux., early, took oath of fidelity. 


1. George, Hingham 1636, Scituate 1646, m. 2d widow 
Jane James Feb. 14, 1640 ; had George (2), and Samuel, 
(who m. Mary, and was killed at Rehoboth,) by 1st w. ; 
by 2d w. Ma/y, bap. April 1, 1641 ; Elizabeth, bap. Feb. 1643 ; 
Martha, bap. Oct. 9, 1645. — Hobart's Journal. 

2. George, (s. of 1,) Dux., 1652; M. 1657; m. a Rogers; 
d. 1675 ; had George, who in 1684 had land at Robinson's 
creek ; and John, who had the same. 

3. Nathaniel, Dux. 1657. 

4. John, Dux., m. Esther Mayes Jan. 21, 1702, had Samuel, 
Aug. 31, 1703, d. March, 1782; George, Aug. 26, 1704; Eliz- 
abeth, Dec. 21, J 705; Anne and Solomon \iW\i\s) March 1, 

* Bouse. William m. Sarah, and had Marv 29 Dec. 1676, m. Erasmus 
Harrison Jan. 3, 1694,— and William, May 25, 1678, m. Lydia Bell Nov. 
15, 1705 (and liad Joseph 14 July, 1706, and William 8 Nov. 1707.)— Bos- 
ton Records. Jonathan m. Martha Waters Dec. 15, 1710. Alexander m. 
Elizabeth Goff April 6, 1713. — Idem. 


5. Joseph, Dux., m. Abigail Wadsworth Dec. 31, 1740; she 
d. July 2, 1770: he d. Feb. 12, 1791, ?ct. 79: had Silvma, 
Dec. 21, 174.5, d. Aug. 4, 1764; Abncr, May 2S, 1744, m. Su- 
sanna Phillips Dec. 24, 1764; Abigail, June 13, 1749, m. Ma- 
lachi Waterman March 30, 1772 ; iSaOa, Jan. 9, 1754. 


The name on the early records is generally spelt Samson. 

1. Henry, arrived 1620, Dux., m. Ann Plummer Feb. 6, 
1635-6; he d. Dec. 24, 1684; had S/ep/icn (2); Jo/tn, inher- 
ited land in Dartmouth; James, settled in Dartmouth: Caleb 
(3) ; Elizabeth m. Robert Sprout ; Hannah m. Josiah Ilohnes 

1665 ; m. John Hammond ; Mary m. John Summers, 

(Mitchell says Simmons) ; Dorcas m. Thomas Boney. 

2. Stephen, (s. of 1,) inherited land at Dartmouth ; m. Eli- 
zabeth, lived in Dux.; d. 1714; had Benjamin, CorneVnis, 
Hannah, Mary. Elizabeth, John, Aug. 17, 16S8 (4), Dor- 
cas Abigail. 

3. Caleb, (s. of 1.) m. Mercy, da. of Alexander Standish ; 
had Rachel Dec. 5, m. Moses Simmons ]\Iarch 26, 1718; Lora 
m. Benj. Simmons Jan. 3, 1706. 

4. John, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Priscilla Bartlett, Dec. 31, 1718, 
who d. July 2, 1758, get. nearly 61 : had Susanna, Aug. 30, 
1720; Zilpah, Feb. 27, 1722, d. July 1796, aet. 74; John 
(d. Sept. 11, 1724) and Priscilla (gemini) May 21, 1724; 
Elizabeth, Feb. 1726; John, Aug. 8, 1727 (5) ; Elisha, April 
6, 1730, d. at New York 1776; hylvanvs, March 13, 1732, d. 
in East Indies 1758 ; Elijah, June 7, 1734 (6). 

5. John, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Rebecca Brewster, who d. 
Aug. 6, 1759, aet. 25; m. 2d, Abigail Stetson; had Lvcy, who 
d. June 5, 1759, ait. 4; L^icy m. Wm. Bradford; Celia, who 
d. Jan. 8, 1842; Dolly; Rebecca; Andrew; Syhanns{7) ; 
Lewis ; Cijnthia, who d. Feb. 17, 1844, set. 68. 

6. Elijah, (s. of 4,) Dux.; m. Ruth Bradford, Sep. 3, 
1761; m. Hannah; he d. Mar. 16, 1805; \vAi\ Elijah m. llan- 
nah Sprague, 1784; Stephen, Sep. 23, 1768, m. Christianna 
Lewis, Dec. 12, 1802, who was b. Apr. 11, 1774; Bradj\)rd, 
Nov. 11, 1772; Martin, <^c\. \^, 1783, m. Sarah Freeman; 
Thomas, Feb. 27, 1786, m. Mary Thomas, wiio was b. Apr. 
25, 1791; Bartlett; Zojthar ; Priscilla m. William Soule, 
1784; Abigail; Elizabeth; Deborah; Wealthea ; Dorcas; 
Ruth, Apr. 24, 1767, m. Cyrus l^rewster. 

7. SvLVANUs, (s. of 5,) Dux., m. Silvia Church Weston, 
who d. 1836; had Silvia Church, Dec. 3, 1788, d. 1789; 


C/mrch, Nov., 1790, d. 1793; Salumith Weston, Nov. 2.5, 
1793, m. Otis Soule; Ezra Weston, Dec. 1, 1797, ni. Celenah 
Wadsworth; Elizabeth, Oct. 13, 1802; Silvia Clnirch, Oct. 

21, 1804, m. John Owen ; Sylvanus, Oct, 12, 1807, m. Mary 
Chapman Soule. 

S. Abraham, (perhaps B. of No. 1.) Dux., 1638; ad. 1(3.54; 
had land at Blue fish; alive 1686; m. a da. of Saml. Nash; 

m. 2d, ■] had Abraham (9) : Isaac (10) ; Samuel 

(11); and George, 1655 (12). 

9. Abraham, (s. of 8,) Dux., m. Lorah Standish ; had Abra- 
ham, 1686 (13); Miles, 1690(14); Ebenezer (15); Rebec- 
ca ; Sarah m. Joseph Sampson of Dartmouth, May 6, 
1719(7); Grace, d. Jan. 2, 1786, set. 85. 

10. Isaac, (s. of 8,) m. Lydia, da. of Alexander Standish; 
he d. 1726; had Isaac, 1688, m. Sarah; Jonathan, 1690, m. 
Joanna; Josinh, 1692, d. 1731; Lydia, 1694; Ephraitn, 
1698, m. Abigail; Peleg, 1700, m. Mary Ring, had Mercy, 
1731, and Capt. Simeon, 1736, who was a naval commander 
of the Revolution, and who m. Deborah Gushing, 1759, who 
d, 1830, cet. 90, and lie d. 1789 [see Hist. Plymouth] ; Pris- 
cilla, 1702, m. Jabez Fuller; Barnabas, 1705, m. Experience. 

11. Samuel, (s. of 8,) Dux., kid. in Phillips' war; m. 
Esther, who after the death of her husband was granted £5 
per year for two years; had Samuel, and Ichabod. 

12. George, (s. of 8,) Plympton ; m. Elizabeth, a. 1678, 
who d. May 27, 1727, get. 70; he d. July 26, 1739, set. 84; 
had Joseph. July 14, 1679 : Abigail, Jan. 22, 1681 ; Judith, 
Mar. 3, 1683; Ruth, Dec. 22, 1684; Beiijamin, Sep. 19, 
1686 ; Martha, Oct. 25. 1689 ; George, Mar. 10, 1691 (16) ; 
Elizabeth, Dec. 22, 1692 ; Williatn, July 8, 1693 ; Seth, Dec. 

22, 1697. 

13. Abraham, (s. of 9,) Dux.; m. Penelope; he d. Nov. 16, 
1775, 3it. 89; sold his farm to Joshua Soule, 1729, for £400; 
Ruth, Julv 2, 1713. m. Amasa Delano, Jan. 8, 1730; Han- 
nah, Nov.'4, 1715; Rebecca, Oct. 26, 1718. m. Nathl. Black- 
more of Dartmouth, May 22, 1740; James, Feb. 19, 1720; 
Abraham, July 31, 1721; Stephen, Oct. 23, 1722; Hennj, 
Aug. 4, 1724, m. Joanna Sampson, May 11, 1749. 

14. Miles, (s. of 9,) Dux., m. Sarah Studley, Apr. 28, 
1713, who d. Nov. 2, 1782, at. 93 ; he d. Nov. 26, 1784, set. 
92; had Andrew, Sep. 28, 1714(17); Alice, Feb. 21, 1717, 
m. Robert Sampson, Dec. 19, 1734; Joseph, Nov. 16, 1719, 
(18); Sarah, Mar. 25, 1723; Deborah, June 12, 1726, m. 
Amos Sampson, Oct. 19, 1744: Beriah, Nov. 1, 1728, ra. 
Alse Rowland,, May 6, 1756; Miles, May 13, 1731 (19); 
Judah, Aug., 1735. 


15. Ebenezer, (s. of 9,) Dux., m. Zeruiah Soule April 23, 
1728, who d. Dec. 21, 1782, cet. 77; he d. Nov. 25, 1778, set. 
82; had Eunice ; Abigail, m. John Hanks March 25, 1773; 
Nathan; Hannah. 

16. George, (s. of 12,) Dux., Plympton, m. Hannah Soule 
of Dux. Dec. 10, 1718; he d. Feb. 6, 1774, set. 83; she d. 
Sept. 22, 1776, set. 79 ; had Gideon, Oct. 15, 1719 ; Sarah, 
April 29, 1721; Deborah. March 1, 1725; Zabdiel, April 26, 
1727(20); Haiinah, Oct. 15, 1730; George, Jan. 20, 1733, 
d. Feb. 1733; Rebecca, Jan. 27, 1735; Elizabeth, June 19, 

17. Andrew, (s. of 14.) Dux., m. Sarah, who d. Oct. 14, 

1746 ; m. 2d Abigail Eisbee Feb. 1, 1745 ; he d. Sep. 6, 1776, 
set. nearly 72; had Samuel, xn. Aug. 22, 1769, Jenny Mc 
Laughlin ; Jedidah, ni. John McLaughlin July 7, 1763; An- 
dreiv, [2d w.] m. Saba Howard Feb. 3, 1779 : he d. April 21, 
1842, a^t. 93, had Saba Oct. 6, 1789, who ni. John Brown; 
William, Abigail. 

18. Joseph, (s. of 14,) Dux. ; m. Sarah Hull of K. May 6, 

1747 ; had Abel, d. at Halifax, Nov. 23, 1777 ; Isaiah, m. 
Betsy Sampson 1782; Kenebn, 1761; Sarah, 1762; Cela, 
1764 ; Si/lvan7is, 1667 ; Mercy, 1771 ; Daniel, 1774, 

19. Miles, (s. ofl4,) Dux., m. Deborah; had Trhabod Feb. 

5, 1753, who had Ichabod (who m. Elizabeth Thomas, and 
had Ichabod 1828, Elizabeth T. 1830), Nathan (who m. Waily 
Wads worth), Spencer and Charles (who m. Mary Wood worth) 
— Rubij, Feb. 25, 1757, m. Peleg Culhfer Dec. 15, 1774; Ace- 
nith, Oct. 18, 1758; Betty, June 21, 1760, m. Isaiah Sampson 
1782 (?) ; Ahira, June 15, 1762. 

20. Zabdiel (s. of 16,) Plympton, m. Abigail Cushman 
Dec. 31, 1747, who d. May 4, 1751, aet. 23, m. 2d Abia Whit- 
marsh Aug. 27, 1752, who d. Dec. 26, 1800, set. 76; he was 
killed at Haerlem battle, Sept. 16, 1776, set. 49; had Sarah, 
June 2, 1749, m. Wm. Bent; Zabdiel, July 6, 1754, d. June 
25, 1776 ; George, Sept. 3, 1755 ; William, Feb. 3, 1757 ; 
Abigail, July 11, 1758, m. Gideon Bradford; Gideon, March 
15, 1760 (21) ; Hannah, March 3, 1762, m. Richard Cooper; 
Abia, Feb. 15, 1764, d. young ; Philemon, ]\Iarch 6, 1766, m. 
Fanny Drew of Halifax ; audlssachar, June 12, 1768. 

21. Gideon, (s. of 20,) Plympton ; m. Lydia Ripley June 
29, 1780, who was b. Oct. 1, 1759; he d. Sept. 22, 1839, cet. 
79; she d. Sept. 23, 1846, aet. 86; had Abiah, May 29, 1781 ; 
Lifcy, Dec. 28, 1783, m. Joseph Mitchell 1806 ; Sally, Dec. 4, 
1785, d. 1819; Gideon, d. young; Lydia, Sept. 3, 1790, m. Jo- 
seph Winsor Oct. 11, 1810; Gideon, d. young; Abigail, April 

6, 1793, m. Capt. PJbenezer Fuller 1817; Deborah, Aug. 19, 


[795, m. Capt. Richard Cooper, Jr. 1S17; John^ Sept. 28, 
L798, m. Hannah Wright 1828, m. 2d C. S. Parker 1835, m. 
|3d P. E. Park-er 1841 ; Nancij, April 16, 1800, d. 1819 ; Wil- 
pam Henry^ Aug. 20, 1802, of Dux., m. Sarah Sprague of 
^Pux., and had Oscar H., Eugene, Leonice, Lucy Sprague. 
i 22. Nathaniel, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Keturah Chandler Jan. 
19, 1703, who d. Jan. 14, 1771. set. 881 yrs. ; had Noah, Jan. 
24, 1705; Perez, Oct. 21, 1706; Fear, Nov. 16, 1708, m. 
Benjamin Simmons, 1731; Robert, April 2, 1712(23); Na- 
thaniel, Feb. 22, 1716; Keturah, Jan. 14, 1719, m. Thomas 
CuUifer 1743; Anna, Mar. 1, 1723; Abner, July 3, 1726 (24). 

23. Robert, (s. of 22,) Dux., m. Alice Sampson, Dec. 19, 
1734; he d. June 12, 1775, set. 63; had Robert, m. Olive Phil- 
hps 1782; Levi, 1751, d. in the army Sept. 13, 1778, aet. 27; 
Consider ; Noah (25). 

24. Abner, (s. of 22,) Dux., m. Sarah ; m. 2d Deborah Bis- 
bee April 20, 1756; had Mary, March 22, 1750, m. Lot Hunt 
Macrh 4, 1773 ; Abner, April 10, 1752, m. Ruth Burgess 1781 ; 
Sarah, May 13, 1757, m. James Weston 1785; Isaac, March 
21, 1760; Deborah, Oct. 18, 1761, m. Hon. Seth Sprague; 
Lucia, Feb. 6, 1763; Luna, March 29, 1765; Nathaniel, 
April 25, 1767, m. Hannah, who d. April 19, 1846, aet. 75, he 
d. Aug. 23, 1813, set. 46; Aaroji, Sept. 20, 1769; Wealthea, 
April 22, 1773, m. William Freeman, and d. April 14, 1847. 

25. Noah, (s. of 23,) Dux., m. Abigail; had Beulah, Sept, 
28, 1780, and Levi July 21, 1783, who m. Sophia Mc Laugh- 
lin, and who had Augustus Aug. 24, 1806, m. Sally Brewster, 
Erastus Aug. 28, 1808, m. Elizabeth Winsor (and had Eras- 
tus, b. July 19, 1832, and Agnes), Noah, Nov. 16, 1810 ; Da- 
niel Nov. 22, 1812 (m. Mary Alden), Simeon, Feb. 20, 1815, 
m. Caroline Sampson, lives in Illinois, Alexander 1817, m. 
Hannah Weston, George 1819, Lucy 1821, m. Edmund Gif- 
ford. who resides in Illinois, Charles Eddy 1826, and Frederic 

26. Joshua, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Mary , who d. Nov. 11, 

1780, jEt. 87 ; he d. Aug. 4, 1741 : had Amos, Nov. 6, 1725 
(27) ; Anthony, April 16, 1728 (28) ; Sarah, Oct. 5, 1741 ; 
Huldah, June 23, 1734, m. Ichabod Delano 1759. 

27. Amos, (s. of 26,) Dux., m. Deborah Sampson Oct. 19, 
1744 ; he d. Dec. 1795 ; had Joshua ; Elijah ; Amos ; Stiidley 
April 27, 1759 (29) ; Laiiraiaa ; Lydia, April 6, 1747, m. 
Uriah Sprague 1796, and d. Sept. 1, 1842. 

28. Anthony, (s. of 26,) Dux., had Nathaniel 1751 ; Oliver; 
Anna ; Keturah ; Lucy, d. young ; Thomas. 

29. Studley, (s, of 27,) Dux., m. Abigail Prior, Nov. 16, 
1780, who was b. July 20, 1753, and d. Feb. 23, 1824, set. 70 ; 


m. 2d Peleg Churchill's widow, and he d. May 9, 183.5 ; had 
Jabez P., 1781, d. 1782; Deborah 1783; Sli/flley May 10, 
1734. drowned Oct. 10, 1819; Gains, June 26, 1785, m. ^Nlary 
Sampson, removed to Boston, d. July 9, 1812, had Gains (who 
m. Sarah Harvey), George (who m. Isabella Soule), Mary m. 
Mr. Frothingham, Marcia, and Louisa ; Abigail, Sept. 24, 
1787, m. JVoah Simmons; Alfred, Sept. 1791, m. Wealthea 
Joyce, and has Alfred, George F., Studley, Catherine P., 
Ohve R., Maria F., Mary F. -^Deborah, Sept. 26, 1793, m. 
Stephen Ciiurchill, m. 2d Capt. Samuel Hunt; and J oa?ina, 
who d. young. 

30. Caleb, (s. of -^,) Dux., m. Rebecca Stanford Jan. 30, 
1729, had Martin, bap. 1741. (ij h<,[ . ■'■ ■ ^ > ' 

31. Paul, (s. of ^) Dux., had Sylvia a. 1754; Olive; 
Martin, d. Sept. 4, 1760; Luther (32), Caleb, Martha, Esther 
a. 1766. 

32. Luther, (s. of 31,) Dux.; m. Abigail, had David idiW. 
26, 1784; Harriet June 19, 1785: Charlotte June 12, 1787; 
Silvia March 19, 1790 ; Rozelle June 9, 1792. 

33. Capt. Chapin, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Betty; he d. in W. 
Indies Sept. 1, 1773 ; had Elizabeth June 10, 1762, m. Wm. 
Weston 1781 ; Chapin, Aug. 14, 1764; Job, Sept. 19, 1766, 
m. Betsy Winsor, and had Henry Briggs (who m. Nancy 
Turner), Betsy (who m. Thomas Power, Esq. of Boston), 
WiUiam (who m. Caroline Sprague), and Judith; Judith Dec. 
10, 1768; Briggs May 20, 1772, d. unm. 

34. Perez, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Mary, had Arunali, Oct. 5, 
1762; Stephen, Feb. 27, 1765. 

35. Gideon, (s. of — ,) Dux. ; had Abigail, b. 1773, d. 1781 ; 
Hepzibah, 1775. 

36. John, Jr., (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Hannah; had Saj-ah 
Aldcn, Sep. 12, 1792 ; Anne Green, June, and d. Sep., 1795. 

Note. David, Dux., 1710, d. May 10, 1772, set. 85; Jcrusha m. Eben- 
ezer Bartlett, 1710 ; Elizabeth in. Jona. Thayer of Mendon, Feb. 21, 
1723; Hannah m. Robert Tyler of Mendon, Dec. 13, 1721; Hannah oi 
Rochester, m. Experience Holnnes, Dec. 13, 1737; Joanna m. Henry 
Sampson, 1749; Sarah,'h. 1729, d. 1759, Dec. 2 ; Rachd 1730, d. Apr. 
20, 1789 ; 'Kelurah, widow, d. Feb. 18, 1791, ect. 70 ; Deborah m. Rev. S. 
Veazie, 1742; Irene m. Luther Delano, 'Jr., 1774; Edith m. Seva Chand- 
ler, 1782; Lucy m. Wm. Buriress, 1783; Mrs. Hannah d. Dec. 10, 1843, 
get. 75 ; Dux. Rec. Hugh and Mary of Boston, had Hugh, Sep. 13, 1090. 
Edward and Lettice of Boston, had Edward, Nov. 22, 1715. Alexander of 
Boston, m. Rebecca, and had Elizabeth 1728, Alexander 1729, and John 
1731. Boston Rec. 



John, Dux., 1710, m. Elizabeth, widow of Thomas Wright, 
and had Edward. 

Note. Mary of Dux., m. Samuel Peirce, Jan. 18, 1703 ; Henry d. at 
Sandwich, 1685, leaving 2 sons ; Martin and John were of Braintree, 1()57. 


1. John, Boston, d. before 1662; m. Grace, had JoJui^ went to 
Barbadoes ; Samuel, Dec. 10, 1640 (2) ; and some daughters. 

2. Samuel, (s. of 1,) remov^ed to Dnx. ; a physician; — We 
find the following memorandum in Suflblk Deeds, vol. ni : 
" Samncl Seaberry, sonne of the late John Seaberry of Bos- 
ton (now living in Duxbnry), this 10th of April, 1662, enter- 
ed his claim to a certain house and parcel of land heretofore 
belonging to his father, now belonging to his brother John 
Seaberry of Barbadoes and himself, the said house and land 
'being in possession of one Nathaniel Fryer, who detains it 
from them under a pretence of a purchase from Alexander 
Adams, and he from John Milom, the land being about half 
an acre more or lesse, and bounded with the land formerly 
Isaac Grosse, northwest, Walter Merry on the soutlieast 
and southwest, and the bay northeast, which claim he 
resolves to prosecute, &c." His name is spelled variously, 
Sebury, Saberry, Saberrey (to his will), Sabery, &c. He 
owned land at Is. Clc, North river, the Gurnet, and at the 
brick-kilns. He m. Patience Kemp, Nov. 9, 1660, at Wey- 
mouth ; she d. Oct. 29, 1676; m. 2d, Martha Pabodie, Apr. 4, 
1677; he d. Aug. 5, 16S1. His will gives to his son Samuel 
his landed property in Dux.; to son Joseph, "those great 
silver buttons, which I usually weare ; " to son John my 
birding piece and musket; "I will that my negro servant 
Nimrod (valued at £27) be disposed off either by hier or sale 
in order to the bringing up of my children, especially the 
three youngest now borne." The "Seabury house" stood 
where Wait Wads worth's now stands, and was a. large old 
fashioned building, very high in front, but with the roof near- 
ly reaching to the ground behind. He had Elizabeth, Sep. 
16, 1661, who probably removed from the town, as in her 
mother's will, she has given her a negro girl Jane, and a cow, 
"if she returns; " Sarah, Aug. IS, 1663, who also removed; 
Samuel, Apr. 20, 1666(3); Hannah, July 7, 1668; John, 
Nov. 7, 1670, d. Mar. 18, 1672 ; Grace and Patience (gemi- 
ni). Mar. 1, 1673, G. d. Mar. 16, 1673, P. d. Mar. 17, 1673; 


306 SHAW. 

Joseph, June 8, 1678 ; Martha, Sep. 23, 1679 ; John, m. 
Elizabeth Alden, Dec. 9, 1697; and a jjosthinjious child. 

3. Samuel, (s. of 2,) Dux. ; m. Mrs. Abigail Allen, Dec. 13, 
1688: had Benjamin, Sep. 24, 1689; Patience, Apr. 11, 1691, 
d. Feb. 3, 1699; Samvel, Oci. 2A, 1692(4); /A/-ee sons and 
one da., each b. and d. ,same month; Barnabas, Jan. 29, 
1700, m. Mary, m.' 2d, ^ ''^^'^^ , settled in E. Bridgewater, 
soon removed, had Rebecca 1723; ^?i'o das. each b, and d. 
same day; Abigail, Mar. 7, 1705, m. David Seabury, "now 
resident in Duxborough," Jan. 3, 1727 ; Patience, Aug. 10, 

4. Dea. Samuel, (s. of 3,) Dux. ; m. Deborah Wiswall, 
Oct. 21, 1717, who d. Apr. 22, 1776, a?t. 84 ; he d. Sep. 25, 
1762; had Sarah, July 21, 1718; Hannah, June 26, 1720, ra. 
Benj. Clap of Scituate, Sep. 6, 1764; Hopestill, May 31, 1722, 
m. Robert Bartlett of Plymouth, Oct. 15, 1772; Faith, Oct. 
12, 1724; Paul, Nov. 26, 1728, m. Ruth Thomas, Mar. 31, 
1757, had Deborah, who d. 1764, set. 5 ; Oliver, Dec. 26, 
1730, m. Alice Alden, May 7, 1760, and had Samuel, Alice, 
and Abigail ; Wisicall, Apr. 6, 1733, d. Sep. 20, 1768 ; Deb- 
orah, Ap^r. 13, 1727; Mercij, Nov. 10, 1735, m. Capt. Bildad 
Arnold, 1766. 

Note. Sarah m. John Bartlett, 1770; Stephen who d. Dec. 14, 1775, 
aet. 71, had son Paul ; — Of what family was Rev. Samuel of Groton and 
New London? Was he father of Samuel, D. D., b. 1728, grad. Y. C, 
1751, first bishop of the Episcopal Chh. in U. S.f — See American Loyal- 
ists, and Alden's Epitaphs. 


1. Edward, Dux., 1637; ad. 1637; presented for "felon- 
iously takeing certaine money from the person of William 
Cornelly," and was sentenced to be "severely whipt, and 
burnt in the shoulder w^^ a hot iron, W='' was accordingly 
executed upon him.'' Col. Rec. 

2. Jonathan, Dux., 1659; m. Phcbe Watson, Jan. 22, 1656. 

3. Capt. James. Dux., m. Olive Freeman, Apr. 1, 1772; 
had Ja?ncs, Sep. 12, 1772; Olive, Feb. 16,1774; Caroline, 
June 7, 1776; Jo.s-eph, Oct. 1, 1777; Samuel, June 7, 1779; 
and Sarah, Feb. 12, 1781. 

Note. John and Alice (" Gth Mar., 1054, d. Alice, wife of John 
Shaw." Col. Rcc), of Weymoutii, had Elizabeth, Abraham, Mary, 
Nicholas and Joseph ; James m. Mary Mitchell, 24 Dec, 1G52, had James, 
6 Dec, 1654 ; John, Rehoboth, had Anne, Mar. 15, 1G82. — Col. Rec. 



George, Dux., 1638, sold land to Thomas Heyward, and 
before 1640, removed to Sandwich. 


William , Dux., 1637-S, had a grant of a garden place at 
Powder point, " if it can there be had;" and in 1640 "a 
' meadstead ' about the Stoney brooke," and land towards G. 
H. ; m. Desire Doten ; he " fell destracted " in Philip's war; 
she had £20 relief granted to her at that time; and next m. 
Israel Holmes, and then Alexander Standish. John and 
Peleg were of Dartmouth in 16S4. 


1. MosEs, arrived 1621 ; Dux., 1638; had Thomas (2) and 
Moses (3). 

2. Thomas, (s. of 1,) servant of Saml. Fuller; perhaps of 
Braintree, 1640; Scituate, 1647; had il/oses, d. a. 1675, m. 
Patience, (Qu. : Is this the Patience who became the 2d wife 
of Samuel Baker of M. ?) and had Moses 1660, d. in Canada 
expedition, John 1667, Sarah 1670, Aaron 1672, Job 1674, 
Patience 1676; Aaron m. Mary VVoodworth 1677, and had 
Moses 1680 (had a family), Rebecca 1679, Mary 1683, Eliza- 
beth 1686, Ebenezer 1689, (see Deane's') Lydia 1693. 

Qu. : What Moses m. a da. of Wm. Barstow of Scituate? 

3. MosES, (s. of 1,) Dux.; d. 1689; m. Sarah; had Jo}t7i 
(4) ; Aaron (5) ; Alary m. Joseph Alden ; Elizabeth was the 
2d vy. of Richard Dwelley, 1690 ; Sarah m. James Nash of 
Dux. — A " Moses Symons" was bap. at Hingham, Jan. 19, 
1662. Hobart's Jotiriial. 

4. John, (s. of 3,) Dux.; m. Mercy Pabodie, Nov. 16, 
1669; had land granted him, 1686; had John, Feb. 22, 1670, 
m. Experience Picknel, Apr. 19, 1703; William, Sep. 24, 
1672; Isaac, Jan. 28, 1674 (6); Martha, Nov. 1677, m. 
Ebenezer Delano, 1699. 

5. Aaron, (s. of 3,) Dux. Perhaps the following were his 
chd. — John (7) ; Benjamin m. Sarah Sampson, Jan. 3, 1706, 
m. 2d. Priscilla Delano, July 7, 171-5. and she d. "in y^ night," 
Feb. 7, 1746 ; Joseph, 1683, m. Mary Weston, Feb. 8, 1709, 
he d. May 20, 1761, set. 78; Joshua 1688, m. Sarah Delano, 


Apr. 4, 1728(1), and he d. Jan. 15, 1774, set. 85| ; Rebecca 
m. Constant Soulhworth, Feb. 10, 1715. 

6. Isaac, (s. of 4,) Dux. ; 1699, had a grant at Simmons' 
meadow; had Isaac, 1701 (8), 

7. John, (perhaps s. of 5,) Dux. ; m. Susanna Tracy, Nov. 
4, 1715; she d. Sep. 12, 1756, set. 82: had Jo/ni. Aug. 22, 
1716, d. Dec. 10, 1770; Rulh, Apr. 26', 1719; Joel, Feb. 5, 
1723; Lea/i, Sep. 7. 1728. 

8. Isaac, (s. of 6,) Dux. ; m. Lydia Cushing, Oct. 24, 1722, 
m. 2d, probably Ehzabeth Sanmis, May 11, 1737; he d. 
Aug. 30, 1767, a3t. 66; had Considc?^ Apr. 30, 1734, m. Me- 
hetable Soule, Feb. 25, 1763, and had Jona. Soule, Lydia, 
Lucy, and Lvdia Soule; Martha, Feb. 20. 1736; Martha, 
Mar. 13, 1746. 

9. Benjamin, (perhaps s. of Benj. s. of 5.) Dux.; m. Fear 
Sampson, Oct. 26. 1731; she d. Apr. 13, 1772, ast. 63; had 
Persis ; Micha ; Elizabeth; Ketnrah ; Lucy ^. 1741. 

10. IcHABOD, (s. of?) Dux. ; m. I-ydia ■ ; m. 2d, widow 

Mercy Sprague. 1781; had Consider, Se\). 27, 1744: Noah, 
Apr. 2, 1745 (11): Lemuel Feb. 22, 1749 (12): Abigail 
May 24, 1753; Nathaniel Apr. 3, 1757 (13); Ichabod, Mar. 
25, 1761, m. Urania Holmes, 1783. 

11. Noah, (s. of 10,) Dux.; m. Silvia Southworth, July 2, 
1769; m. 2d, Diana Kein, Sep. 19, 1771; had Peleg S. ; 
Wealthea ; Charles m. Lydia, had Joshua W., Alden, James, 
Peleg, Henry and two das. ; Nathan ; Daniel 

12. Lemuel (s. of 10,) Dux.; m. Abigail Peirce, Mar. 15, 
1770 ; had Anderson, 1776, d. 1779 ; Mary ; Beulah ; Lydia ; 

13. Nathaniel, (s. of 10,) Dux.; m. Lydia Sprague, Dec, 
1780; had Barthena 1781; Sarah 1784; A7ina 1786; Na- 
thaniel 1788; Rebecca 1791; Alethea 1793; Lydia 1795; 
Lucy and Nancy (d. 1801,) (gemini) 1798; Ichabod 1801; 
Mary 1804; Joshua S. 1807. 

14. Aaron, (s. of?) Dux.; m. Sarah; had Mary, Sep. 22, 
1755; Abraham; Jesse, Sep. 19, 1760, m. Lucy, and had 
Weston 1783, Ruby 1786, Martin 1788, Sally 1791, Aaron 
1797, Lyman 1807. 

15. MosEs, (s. of?) b. 1691, d. June 21, 1761, set. 701 ; had 
Dorothy m. Jacob Weston, Dec. 25, 1755; Lemuel hdi^. 1743; 
Abigail h^i-Y). 1745. 

16. Dea. Nathaniel, (s. of ?) Dux.; m. Mercy Simmons. 
Jan. 12, 1739; had Mary, m. John Hunt, Jr., 1764; Zebe- 
diah ; Sarah ; Dorothy ; Stephen ; and Rachel 

17. Thomas, (s. of ?) Dux.; m. Bcthia Sprague, Feb. 8, 
1769: had Joshua, who d. young. 

SMITH. 309 

Note. Rebecca m. Reuben Peterson, 1732 ; Priscilla 1710, d. Mar. 5, 
1768, set. 58; Mary 1689, d. Jan. 23, 1759, set. 70; Artemas 1735, d. 
Oct. 20, 1760, set. 25; Zachariah, s. of widow Deborah, bap. 1741, d. of 
small pox in the army at the West, 1760 ; Ahiel m. Deborah, who d. Oct. 
1, 1762, ffit. 24 ; Achsah b. 1751, d. 1769 ; Anna m. Peleg Oldham, 1764 ; 
Cyrus ra. Hannah Cook, Oct. 2, 1760; Susanna m. John Pratt of Hing- 
ham, Jan. 11, 1774 ; Lydia m. Nathl. Ford, 1783 ; John had Susanna bap. 
1777 ; Content d. 1784 ; Ruth 1725, burnt to death, 1790 ; Lewis Apr. 21, 
1783, m. Lucy (who was b. Apr. 25, 1786) ; Scth Nov. 15, 1769, m. Ab- 
gail (who was b. Aug. 1, 1773), and had Seth, Abigail, and Hiram. — 
Dux. Rec. — John of Boston, m. Mary, had Joseph, Aug. 31, 1663 ; James 
m. Rebecca Gibson, Oct. 1, 1719 ; Benjamin m. Margaret Gibson, Sep. 19, 
1720. Boston Records. 


1. Joseph, Dux., m, Lucia Wadsworth Aug. 20, 1771. 

2. Benjamin, Dux., m. Sarah ; had Mary, Aug. 5, 1776 ; 
Sarah, Jan. 16, 1778; Jacob, March 11, 1780, m. Betsy 
Sprague, m. 2d Persis, da. of Robert Gushman ; Patience, Feb. 
17. 1782, m. Martin Sampson; Benjamin, May 25, 1784; 
Lucy, July 5, 1786 ; Judith, April 6, 1789 ; John, .fan. 4, 1792 ; 
Hannah, March 7, 1794; Polly, May 11, 1797; William., 
June 25, 1799, of Bridgevv. 

3. Capt. Jonathan, b. Oct. 29, 1780, m. Zilpah Drew, who 
was b. July 7, 1779 ; he d. May 6, 1843 ; had Capt. Sidney, 
who d. at sea ; Sylvanus, Wealthea, Zilpah, and Jonathan. 


1. William, came from England, an apprentice to Richard - 
Derby 1637, and was b. 1624 ; settled in Dux. early, but re- 
moved to W. Bridge w. ; d. a. 1708, oet. 84 ; m. Rebecca Bar- 
ker ; had William, James, Joseph, Benjamin, Mary, Lydia, 
Hannah and Rebecca. Vide MitchelVs Hist. 

2. Benjamin, Jr., (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Mercy Wadswortli 
Sept. 17, 1756; had Jemima 1758, d. 1781 ; Benjamin 1763. 

Note. Anthony, Plymouth 1638, felt maker, M., m. Abigail, had Jo- 
siah, (who m. Rebecca, d. a. 1692, had eight das.), Lydia, Sarah, Alice, 
Abigail (d. before 1685) m. Michael Ford — Mark, m. Ann Cook, da. of 
Josiah, 18 Jan. 1654, Easlham, she d. 24 July, 1656, m. 2d Jane Prince, 
1660, had Anna July 7, 1656, and Thomas Aug. 6, imS—Jabez, East- 
ham, m. Elizabeth . Sarah m. Wm. Walker Feb. 15, 1654. 

310 SOULE. 


The name is early spelt Sole, Soal, Soul; and Soule seems 
to be of late adoption. 

1. George, arrived 1620: 1623 had a grant of one acre, and 
next a lot " at the watering place," which he sold to R. Hicks 
1639; lived north of Eel River bridge 1638, relinquished his 
land there to Constant and Tliomas Soutliworth, and removed 
to Dux., and settled at Powder point ; prop, of Hridgew. 1645 ; 
sold his right to Nicolas Byram ; m. Mary Becket, or Bucket, 
who d. 1677; he d. 16S0, very aged; had Joint, 1632 (2) p\ 
George, inherited half of his father's lands at Dartmouth; 
Benjcunin, killed at Pa wtucket March 26, 1676; Zachariah, 
b. before 1627, ad. 16.53, m. Margaret, lived at Powder point, 
d. a. 1663; Nathaniel, Dux., inherited land in Dartmouth; 
Elizabeth, m. Francis Walker of Middleboro' ; Susanna ; 
Mary, placed to Jno. Winslow 1652 for 7 years, married before 
1672 John Peterson. 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., m. Esther, who d. Sept. 12, 1733, 
set. 95 ; he d. 1707, aet. 75 ; he was made the chief heir of his 
father, viz. " And for as much as my eldest son John Soule 
and his family hath in my extreme old age and weakness bin 
tender and careful of mee and very healpfuU to mee; and is 
likely for to be while it shall please God to continew my life 
heer, therefore I give and bequeath imto my said son John 
Soule all the remainder of my housing and lands whatsoever," 
&c. — Geo. Soiile's Will. He had John, perhaps the one who 
d. at Dux. J 734; Joseph, July 31, 1679 (3); Joshua, Oct. 12, 
1681 (4) ; Josiah, 1682 (5) ; Beiijamin, m. Sarah Standish, 
one of the first settlers of Plympton, had Hannah, who m. 
Geo. Sampson; a da. m. Edmund Weston; a da. m. Adam 

3. Joseph, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Mary; he d. July 11, 1763; 
had Mary, Dec. 18, 1711 ; Alethea, Jan. 9, 1714, m. Allertou 
Cushman of Plympton Jan. 30, 1735 ; J^ydia, March 9, 1715; 
Hannah, March 6, 1717; Rebecca, May 3, 1722. 

4 Joshua, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Joanna Studley ; he d. May 
29, 1767, get. 85 ; had Zeruiah, Nov. 2, 1705. rn. Ebenezer 
Sampson 1728 : John, March 4, 1709 (9) ; Ezekiel, Feb. 17, 
1711, m. Hannah Delano Jan. 4, 1733 ; Joshua, May 30, 1713 \ 
(10); Abigail, April 30, 1716, m. Perez Drew of K., Sept. 3, 
1730 ; Joanna, April 18, 1719; Sarah, July 25, 1728, m. Aaron 
Bisbee, Nov. 2(), 1717; Joseph, March 15, 1722 (11); Nathan, 
July 12, 1725 (12); and prob. Lydia, who m. a Simmons. 

5. JosiAH, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Lydia Delano May 25, 1704, 
who d. Nov. 24, 1763, a3t. S3 ; he d. June 25, 1764, act. 82 ; 

SOULE. 311 

had Jonathan, June 23, 1705, d. April 4, 1776 ; Mary, Dec. 
5, 1706, m. Joshua Cushmau of Lebanon, Ct., Jan. 2, 1733\ 
Abisha, Nov. 25, 1708 (13); Mlcah, April 12, 1711 (14); 
Nathaniel, Nov. 4, 1714 (15) ; Lydia, Oct. 2, 1719. 

6. Zaciiapjah, (perhaps s. of Zachariah, s. of 1,) Dux., d. 
in the Canada Expedition, 1690 ; had early a large grant in 
Dux., which was confirmed to his brother John in 1690. 

7. Moses, (s. of — ,) Dux., a householder, and had, 1707, 
an addition to his land granted. Moses, probably his son, m. 
Sarah Chandler Jan. 15, 1729. 

8. Aaron, (s. of — ,) Dux.; had a grant 1693, and in 1699 
" a small tract of land ate y^ South end off his lott iff he and 
they (appointed to lay it out) can agree," and having paid 
40 shillings, 15 acres were accordingly laid out. Aaron 
(perhaps his son ; though styled of Pembroke,) m. Alice Pe- 
terson, May 5, 1727. An Aaron d. at Pembroke, 1783, had 
John, Leonice, who m. a Brewster, Huldah, who m. Thomas 
Church, and three other das. Hist. Bridgeicater. 

9. John, (s. of 4,) Dux.; m. Mehetable Partridge, Aug. 5, 
1730; he had Lydia, May 6, 1733; Satnuel, July 6, 1734 

10. Joshua, (s. of 4,) Dux.; m. Mary Cushman, Feb. 14,-,^^ 
1765; had Lnlher. Dec. 21, 1765, d. May 21, 1771 ; Alethea^ 
1769, d. 1771, May 20; and Joseph, s^ 

11. Joseph, (s. of 4,) Dux.; m. Mercy Fullerton,* 1742; 
had Sarah, m. Benj. Prior, Jan., 1765 ; Olive, bap. Sep. 2, 
1750, m. Nathaniel Winsor ; EzeJciel (17) ; Silvina, 1754, d. 
May 16, 1771; Joanna m. Lot Stetson, May S, 1777; Wil- 
liam (18) ; Ruby m. Eden Wadsworth ; Joseph (19) ; James 
1746 (20). 

. 12. Nathan, (s. of 4,) Dux. ; inherited the W. part of his 
father's farm; m. Sarah; had Thomas, July 8, and d. Sep. 
24, 1748; Levi, Sep. 9, 1749; Simeon, Dec. 16, 1751 (21); 
William, May 15, 1754, d. Jan. 15, 1755; Anna, OcX. 11, 
1762; Sarah. 

13. Abisha, (s. of 5,) Dux. ; m. Abigail Delano, May 14, 
1741; he d. Jan. 4, 1778, set. 70; had Alethca bap. 1743; m. 
Capt. Daniel Hall, m. 2d, Levi Loring; Esther d. young; 
John bap. 1747, went to Maine; Esther bap. 1750; Lydia 
bap. 1752; Abigail ; Dexosbury bap. 1761, m. Seneca Wads- 

* She was the da. of John Fullerton of M., who m. Ruth Sampson, in 
1720, and whose chd. were Mercy, Nov. II, 1721, m. as above, Mary, 10 
Sep., 1723, William, 24 Dec, 1726, Ann, 26 July, 1728, Alethea, 1732, 
m. Ebenezer Joyce in 1754. A John Fullerton m. Rebecca Delano of 
Dux., 1746. — Marshfield Records. 

312 SOULE. 

worth ; Mary bap. 1763, d. iinm. ; Nathaniel bap. 1767 (22) ; 
Abislia bap. 177U. 

14. MicAH, (s. of 5,) Dux. ; m. Mercy Southworth, May 
30, 1740, shed. 1797; he d. Nov. 4, 1778, at. 67; \\d.& Aphela 
a. 1740; Josiah a. 1742 (23); Constant S. a. 1744, "insane, 
drowned in a brook, July 10, 1790 ; " Rebecca a. 1750, d. Oct. 
14, 1778; Asa a. 1752, m. OUve Southworth, Apr. 15, 1773: 
Esther a. 1753 ; Lydia a. 1756, d. Oct. 19, 1778. 

15. Nathaniel, (s. of 5,) Dux.; m. (when 60 years old) 
Abigail Tolman of Scituate, Apr. 27, 1775 ; she d. July 9, 
1834 ; had Nathaniel, July 28, 1777. ni. Polly Partridge, and 
had Nathaniel, Calvin P., Jane, and Polly ; Lydia m. Andrew 
Sampson; Mary; Alethea. 

16. Samuel, (s. of 9,) Dux. ; m. Mehetabel White, Oct. 1, 
1756; he d. Jan. 19, 1768, at Carolina; (a widow Mehetabel 
m. Ichabod Weston, 1769;) had Abigail, May 20, 1757; *S7^- 
via, May 20, 1759, m. Joshua Peterson, Feb., 1780; Alice, 
May 3, 1763, m. Josiah Soule, 17S2; Lydia, July 23, 1766. 

17. EzEKiEL, (s. of 11,) Dux.; m. Clynthia Wadsworth, 
1777; hed. Nov. 3, 1843, set. 92; had Marshall, Apr. 24, 
1778, unm. ; Capi. George, Dec. 4, 1779, m. Ruth Sprague, 
who d. Mar. 25, 1836 ; and he d. at St. Thomas, W. I., Feb. 
11, 1820, and had George, 1807, d. 1812, Laura, 1811, d. 
1813, Ceorge Marshall, 1813 (ni. Lucy Ford), Laura Ann, 
1816 (m. Paul Wing 2d, of Sandwich), James 1818, Nicolas 
Brown 1820, d. 1842 ; Capt. Charles, Apr. 22, 1782, m. Mer- 
cy Sprague, who d. Dec. 17, 1840, and had Isabella 1811, 
(m. George Sampson,) Caroline 1811, (ni. George Holmes,) 
Harvy 1812, (m. Lydia Peirce,) Elizabeth 1814, d. 1837, 
Charles 1819, (of Boston, m. Prudence Soule, and has a da. 
Isabella,) Otis 1823, Edwin A. 1825, Susan A. 1825, m. 
Walter Bartlett, Marcellus 1827, Peleg S. 1831, d. 1832, 
Mercy S. 1835 : Harvey, May 29, 1785; Capt. Otis, Feb. 11, 
1787, m. Salumith Sampson, d. 1821, and had Salumith, 
Mary Townsend (who m. J. A. Sampson) ; Clynthia, Apr. 
20, 1791, d. unm., Aug. 4, 1846. 

18. William, (s. of 11,) Dux.; m. Priscilla, da. of Elijah 
Sampson, 1784; had Lucy; Elijah,; William; Sam,nel m. 
Nancy Bates ; Stephen m. a Peirce, had Lydia, wlio m. 
Eden Sampson. 

19. Joseph, (s. of 11,) Dux.; he was the father of Bishop^ 
Joseph Soule. 

20. James, (s. of 11,) Dux. ; m. Abigail, widow of B. Bos- 
worth (see under Bosworth,) Jan. 17, 1773. He d. Aug. 29, 
1794, Kt. 48. Their chd. Sally, July 7, 1774, d. Sep. 12, 
1775; Joseph, Dec. 27, 1775, d. Aug. 27, 1778; Joshua, Dec. 

SOULE. 313 

19, 1777, d. Sep. 17, 1803; Joseph, Jan. 2, 1780, d. Jan. 5, 
1806; Abigail, Sep. 20, 1784, m. Asa Hunt; James, Sep. 20, 
1784, m. JMary Bradford, who was b. Sep. 7, 1789, and had 
James O. 1821, Justus 1823, Lucy B. 1823, and Henry M. 
1825 ; Capt. Richard, Nov. 7, 1786, m. Prudence Lorhig, 
June 24, IS 10, wlio d. Dec. 15, 1823, rn. 2d, Lucy Loring, 
Nov. 24, 1824. and had Richard, June 8, 1812, (m. Harriet 
Winsor, and has Charles Carroll, Ella and Richard,) Mary 
Chapman, Oct. 27, 1814, (ni. Sylvanus Sampson, Jr.,) Eliza- 
beth Seaver, Apr. 6, 1818, (m. Isaac Sweetzer, Esq..) Pru- 
dence Loring, Mar. 10, 1823, (m. Charles Soule, Jr..) and by 
his 2d \v., Horace Homer, Sep. 13, 1827, Helen Maria, Oct. 

20, 1829, d. Jan. 20, 1834, and Charles Carroll, June 26, 1832, 
d. May 17, 1837. 

21. Simeon, (s. of 12,) Dux. ; m. Jane Weston, Dec. 29, 
1776; m. 2d, Aceuith Brewster, who was' b. Mar. 8, 1778; 
he d. Dec. 21, 1831 ; had Mary, Dec. 14, 1777; Sarah, Aug. 
19, 1779, d. Sep. 14, 1800; Nathan, Jan. 18, 1781, m. Bethiah 
Freeman, and had Zerniah, Lot (m. Elizabeth Brooks) and 
George; Silvina, June 21, 1784; Thomas, July 24, 1786; 
Susanna, Sep. 1, 1788, d. Sep. 13, 1790; Simeon, Oct. 2, 
1790; Jane, Sep. 23, 1794, d. Oct. 21, 1796; Alethea, July 4, 
1797 ; Henry, Mar. 2, 1800 ; Charles, May 18, 1806. 

22. Nathaniel, (s. of 13,) Dux., m. Lydia Freeman ; had 
Daniel, Oct. 14, 1796 ; Lydia F., 1798, m. Capt. Martin Wa- 
terman ; Hannah, Abigail, Nathaniel, Mary, Capt. Freeman, 
John, and Enoch. 

23. JosiAH. (s. of 14,) m. Alice Soule 1782, he d. Aug. 12, 
1806 ; had Micah, who m. Lucy Alden, had Micah, m. Sarah 
Wadsworth. Sarah and Lucy; Asa; Samvel, May 11, 1786. 

24. Dea. Ezekiel, (s. of 4.) Dux., m. Haiuiah Delano Jan. 
4, 1733: she d. Sept. 25, 1768, set. 50; removed to Woolwich; 
had William a. 1738 ; Litcy a. 1740 ; Lydia, Amasa, Hannah, 
John, Deborah. 

Note. James, Middleboro', 1090, find £5 for refusing to go in the 
Canada expedition. — Rachel m. David Magoon, 1728; Jedediah m. Tab- 
ilha Bishop, Nov. 4, 1741 ; Deborah m. John Hunt, 1746 ; Alethea m. 
Joshna Hall, 1732 ; Abigail m. Elijah Curtis, 1756 ; John m. Patience 
Wadsworth, Jan. 11, 1759; Nepheta m. Consider Simmons, 1763; Miss 
Ruth d. Mar. 17, 1777; Rebecca m. Gideon Sampson, 1784. — Dux. Rec. 
Ann da. of John and Ruth Soule, b. Mar. 10, 1687, at Boston. 

Note. The progenitor of this family, George, was a member of Gov. 
Winslow's family, and it is not known whence he came. The name of 
Sole is an ancient English name, (and we find the name so spelled in the 
Col. and town records,) and Guillim gives this armorial hearing of the 
family. — "He beareth argent, a chevron gules between three sole fishes 


hauriant proper in a bordure engrailed sable" — and adds, "This coat 
belongs to the family of Soles in Brabanne in the county of Cambridge, 
according to the bearer's name, and it is very common for persons having 
their names from any kind of animals or vegetables to bear the like in their 
coat armour. Such sort of bearings the French call arms parlant, speaking 
coats, because they plainly declare the name of their owner." — Guillim's 
Banner displayed. Burke {General Armory) gives the same, except 
" gules " for " sable," and adds that they are borne by the Soles of Bob- 
bing place, Kent. Arms by the Soles of London (granted 1591) — " Gules 
a tower or. Crest, out of a mural coronet or, a demi lion sable, langue'd 
and armed or." Another — " Sole. Sable an inesculcheon within an orle 
of owls argent." — Burhe^s Armory. 


1. Constant, (s. of Gotistant.) b. 1615, came to New Eng- 
land in 1628,* an early settler of Diixbiiry ; m. Elizabeth Col- 
lier Nov. 2, 1637, and d. March lU, 1679; leaving an estate of 
£360 — among the items was an Indian boy £10 ; had Edward, 
b. at Plymouth (2); Lt. Nathaniel^ b. at Plymouth 1648, m. 
Desire, da. of Edward Gray, Jan. 10, 1672, who was b. Nov. 
6, 1651,— he d. Jan. 14, 1711, and she d. Dec. 4, 1690; their 
chd. were, Constant of Tiverton, b. Aug. 12, 1674, and d. be- 
fore 1706 ; Mary, April 3, 1676, m. Joseph Rider 1707 ; Capt. 
Ichabod, March 1678, of Middleboro', m. Esther, and d. Sept. 
20, 1757; Elizabeth, m. James Sproat; Capt. Natlianiel, May 
1684, ra. Jael Howland, and he d. April 8, 1757, and she d. 
Nov. 1743, or 1745; Edward, of Middleboro' 1788, m. Brid- 
get Bosworth at Hull, June 25, 1711, and d. April 26, 1749, 
Eet. 60 years ; Mercy, m. Samuel Freeman May 12, 1658 ; 
Alice, 1616, d. March 5, 1719, oet. 72, m. Col. Benj. Church 
1667; Mary, m. David Alden ; Elizabeth, m. William Fobes. 
The following is from her father's will : " Item, 1 will and 
bequeath unto my daugliter E. S. my next best bed and furn- 
iture, with my wife's best bed, provided shee doe not marry 
William Fohbes ; but if shee doe then to have five shillings;" 
PrisciUa; William (3). 

2. Edward, (s. of 1,) Dux., a deputy ; often employed by the 
town in running ranges and settling bounds; had grants of 
land 1674, 1685 at Mill bk., and in 1689. tie inherited the 
homestead and null. He m. Nov. 16. 1669, Mary Pabodie ; 
had Elizabeth, Nov. 1672, m. Saml. Weston March 4, 1716; 
Tliomas, 1676 (4) ; Benja/nin, 1680, m. Rebecca Delano 

* Among tlie accounts of the Plymoutii Company, published in tlie Mass. 
Hist. Coll., we find the following item; " lG-28, Paid for Constant South- 
er's passage and diet 11 weeks at is. i^d. — X"3. II. 1." 


Aug. 4, 1715, he d. May 12, 1756, aet. 75 ; she d. Sept. 6, 1774, 
set. 90; Constcmt, m. Rebecca Simmons Feb. 10, 1715, and d. 
a. 1731 : Jolai, 16S7, d. Aug. 10, 1751, set. 64 ; Mercy^ m. 
Micah Sonle 1740; Pi'iscilla, 1693, d. June 7, 1671, set. 68. 

3. WiLLi-iM, (s. of 1,) Dux. ; removed to Little Compton 
and Tiverton, m. a. 1680 Rebecca [Pabodie, probably], who 
d. at L. C. Dec. 3, 1702, aet. 42, and he d. June 25, 1719, set. 
59; had Benjamin, April 18, 1681, m. Elizabeth 1701, m. 2d 
Alice Church 1717, m. 3d Susanna Blackmore 1722 : Joseph, 
Feb. 1, 1683, m. Mary Blake 1710, d. 1739; Edward,' ISov. 23, 
1684, m. Mary Fobes 1708, m. 2d Elizabeth Palmer 1716 : 
Elizabeth, Sept. 23, 1686: Alice. July 14, 1688; Samuel, Dec. 
26, 1690; Nathaniel, Oct.' 31, 1692; Thonms, Dec. 13, 1694; 
Stephen, March 31, 1696, m. Lydia Warren 1715 ; by a 2d 
wife — Gideon. March 21, 1707, m. Priscilla Pabodie 1727, 
m. 2d ]\Iary VVilbor 1728 ; and Andrew, Dec. 12, 1709. 

4. Thomas, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Sarah ; he d. Sep. 9, 

1743, aet. 67; had Jedediah, April 13, 1702 (5) ; Mary, Sept. 
18, 1703, m. Thomas Loring Feb. 3, 1724. 

. 6. Dea. Jedediah, (s. of 4), Dux., removed to North Yarm. 

Me. 1730, returned to Dux. 1735; m. Hannah ; he d. 

Sept. 8, 1739; had Sarah, Oct. 8, 1729; Snsaima, July 27, 
1731, m. prob. Dr. John Eartlettof N. Yarmouth, who remov- 
ed to Lebanon before 1760 ; Dea. John, Oct. 22, 1733, of N. 
Yarmouth, d. May 17, 1814, m. Joanna Mitchell, who d. Oct. 
28, 1798; James, Nov. 17, 1735 (7): Lydia, Oct. 11, 1738, 
ra. Seth Bradford 1760. 

The following, on a catalogue of the members of the First 
Church in N. Yarmouth (published 1848), were probably the 
children of Dea. John, — Mary, m. Jonathan Bradford of N. 
Yar., removed to Minot in 1799; Joanna, m. Nathl. Scales of 
N. Yar., and removed to Freeport in 1814; Lvcy, m. Asa 
Lewis, and d. March 25, 1798, a^t. 31 yrs. ; Loraina, m. Wm. 
\Yyman, and d. Jan. 22, 1817, set. 48; Jolm, d. May 12, 1790, 
aet. 25 ; Sarah, m. Paul Prince, and removed to Cumberland 

1795; and L , who m. John D. Blanchard, and d. April 

22, 1844, set. 72. 

6. William, (perhaps s. of Constant and Rebecca.) Dux. ; 
m. perhaps Betty, da. of Saml. FuUerton, and had Renmah a. 
1742, m. Jasper Southworth May 5, 1763, and he d. 1828, set. 
86 ; Edward, 1747, d. 1833, set. 86, m. Mercy Thomas Jan. 
18, 1769; John, 1753, d. 1827, set. 73; Nathaniel, 1757, m. 
Deborah Hatch of Pembroke 1782; William, 1759, ,d. June 
16, 1759; Alice, 1764, m. Jacob Weston 1784. 

7. James, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Sarah Drew Nov. 28, 1762; 
he d. Oct. 8, 1811 ; had Jedediah, Aug. 23, 1764, m. Betsy 
Thomas ; Abigail, June 7, 1769 ; Capt, Thomas, July 13, 


1771, removed to Scituate, d. at New Orleans 1819, father of 
Nathan, artist, of Boston; John, May 19, 1773; Hannah^ 
July 22, 1776; Nathan, June 6, 1778, d. at sea; Sarah, Mar. 
31, 178U ; James, April 3, 1782, and was burnt in the beach 


The following pedigree was procured by Horatio G. Somer- 
by, Esq. from the Herald's College, London, for Nathan So)Uh- 
worth, Esq., artist, of Boston, and with the permission of the 
last-named gentleman I copy it. In its details, as regards in- 
termarriages, etc., it is uncommonly full, much more so than 
most of so early a date. 

Sir Gilbert Southworth, =j= Elizabeth, da. and sole heir of 

of Southworth Hall in Nicholas Dayes of Salmsburye 

the county of Lancaster, Knt. in Lancashire. 

Sir John Southworth, =j= Elizabeth, da. of John Haughton 
of Southworth, Knt. of Lancashire. 

Sir Thos: Southworth, ^ Jane, da. of John Boath, 
of Southworth. of Barton, Esq. 

Richard Southworth, — Elizabeth, da. of Edw. Mollineaux, 
of Salmsburie, Esq. of Segton in Lancashire, Esq. 


Sir Christopher Southworth,=t= Isabel, da. of John Button, 
of Southworth. of County Chester. 

Sir John Southworth. =7= Ellen, da. of Richard Langton, 
of Salmsburie, Knt. | of Newton Walton, Lane. 

(3d son), d. s. 

Sir Thomas, Christopher Southworth 

the heir, m. Margery, (2d son.) 

da. of Tho. Butler, 
of Warrington, 

Richard Southworth =r= Jane, da. of Edw. Lloyd, John, 

London, Merchant. | of Shropshire. d. s. p. 

Henry = Elizabeth, Thomas Southworth, == Jane, 

of Somerset- da. of John Pell- Recorder of Wells, da. of 

shire, living in sant, of London, in Somersetshire. Nicholas 

1G23. ]\Ierchant. Mynne, of 

, J Norfolk. 

tr----"-^ Constant Southworth = Alice Carpenter, who afterwards 

m. Gov. Bradford, of Plymouth 
I Colony, New England. 

Thomas, = Elizabeth Reyner. Constant := Elizabeth Collier, 

of New Eng. (^""^ ''P- *^^'^-^ Nov. 2, 1637.] 

(Sec p. C8.) 


8, Thomas, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Anna; had William, Feb. 
18, 1763; Content, Aug. 20, 1764; Lijdia, Nov. 8, 1766; 
Hannah, Jan. 9, 1769, d. young; Elizabeth, April 24, 1773; 
Anne, Dec. 23, 1774 ; Hannah, May 24, 1776. 

Note. Hannah (of M.) m. Hezekiah Herrington (of M.), March 1, 
1739 ; Siloia m. Noah Simmons 1769 ; Clynthia m. Asa Phillips, 1769 ; 
Olive m. Asa Soule 1773 ; John of M. m. Sarah Clark of Duxbury Nov. 9, 
1748; Abigail, 1742, d. Sept. 19, 1768, sst. 26 ; Rebecca 1694, d. March 
16, 1771, aet. 77 ; James m. Elizabeth, had Joseph 1797, Betsy 1798, Char- 
lotte, Hiram, Thomas, Jairus. — Dux. Rec. Constant Southworth drowned 
himself July 1790. — /. D.'s Jour. 


1. Francis, arrived 1623; ad. June 17, 1637; removed to 
Dux. about 1632, and settled in the southeastern part of the 
town, near the Nook, so called, and in that vicinity " about 
his owne ground," and "at the Eagle," he was allowed in 
early years to mow; in 1640, had land at North river; prop, 
of Bridgew. 1645 ; was alive 1666 ; had John (2) ; Anna; 
Mary ; Mercy, m. Wm. Tubbs 1637 ; one of the das. m Robt. 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux.; but first resided at M. ; joined 
Michael Peirce's company in Philip's war, and was killed at 
Pawtucket March 26, 1676 ; m. Ruth Basset 1655, who after- 
wards m. a Thomas; had Jo// « (3) ; William {4^) ; Sanwel 
(5); Eliza; Ruth, Feb. 12, 1659; Desire; Dorcas, m. Joseph 
Hatch Jan. 10, 1710. 

3. John, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. 1st Lydia; removed to Leba- 
non, Ct., and m. 2d Mary Babcock ; had Ephraini March 15, 
1685 ; Benjamin, July 15, 1686, — for his chd. see Soule's 
Sprague Memorial ; by 2d w. he had Ebenezer and others at 
Lebanon, for whom see idem. 

4. William, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Grace, prob. da. of the first 
Dea. Wadsworth ; drowned Nov. 25, 1712 ; had Rath, Feb. 
22, 1702, m. Samuel Kein April 19, 1719; Zerniah, Dec. 10, 
1704, m. Nath. Chandler 1724; Terah, Feb. 17, 1712 ; Jethro, 
Nov. 30, 1709, m. Patience Bartlett Dec. 12, 1738, she d. Mar. 
1741, m. 2d Bethia Sprague, removed and settled on the Ken- 
nebec after 1760, had Silvina Oct. 8, 1739, and William Nov. 
19, 1740. 

5. Samuel, (s. of 2,) Dux. ; carpenter; m. Ruth Alden Nov. 
29, 1694; m. 2d Elizabeth (says Mitchell), and removed to 
Rochester, and d. there 1723 ; had Noah, Jan. 18, 1696; Eliz- 
abeth, July 4, 1699; Nathaniel, Jan. 10, 1702; Samuel, June 


23, 1704: Mary, Dec. 20, 170G, d. April 19, 1708; Priscilla, 
March IS, 1709, and Ephraim (according to Mitchell). 

Note. There arrived at .Salem, 1029, three brothers, Ralph, Richard, 
and WiHiam Sprague, who removed to Charlestown. They were sons of 
Edward of Upvvay, Dorset county, England, who d. 1014, leaving widow 
Christian and six chd. William was 21 years of age when he arrived, and 
removed in 1030 to Hingham, m. Millicent Eames 1035, and d. Oct. 26, 
1675, set. 66; she d. Feb. 8, 1696; they had Anthony 1035, John 1038, 
Samuel 1040 (6), Elizabeth 1641, Perses 1643, Joanna 1644, Jonathan 
1648, William 1650, Mary 1652, and Hannah 1655.— See Uosea Sprague's 
Account of Hingham Spragues, and Soule's Memorial. 

6. Samuel, (s. of William,) removed to M. before 1644 ; 
selectman, representative and colony secretary ; d. 1710 ; m. 
Rebecca; m. 2d Sarah da. of Thomas Chillingworth ; had 
Samuel 1074 (7) ; John (8) ; Nathan^ M., m. Margaret, and 
had James (the father of Capt. Jonathan), and perhaps Mar- 
garet of M., who m. Robt. Rowland 1733; James, m. Han- 
nah Black, and had James, m. Sarali Jackson, and Haimah. 
m. Barnabas Ford ; Sarah, ni. Joseph Holmes ; Mary, m. 
Nathl. W^iliianison ; Joanna, m. John Holmes; Hannah, m. 
John Rogers, Jr. of M. Dec. 11, 1700. 

7. Samuel, (s. of6,) removed to Dux. a. 1710; ni. Bethia 
Thomas, who d. Oct. 1, 1761, set. 79| ; he d. Feb. 15, 1764, 
set. 90; had Phineas, 1714 (9); Savivel (10); Sarah, m. 
Samuel Alden Feb. 26, 1728 ; Bethia, m. 1st a Gushing (says 
Souie. A Bethia Sprague m. David Curtis of Hanover Dec. 
14, 1732), m. 2d Jethro Sprague. 

8. John, (s. of 6,) Dux. ; m. Love, had John, perhaps the 
one wlio m. widow Deborah Simmons, Dec. 5, 1744, and the 
one who d. Sept. 1784; Abigail; Peleg (11); Joanna, m. 
Jas. iVrnold Feb. 19, 173-5; Rebecca, m. Ezra Arnold July 27, 

9. Phineas, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. Mercy, widow of Peleg 
Sprague, d. Jan. 20, 1776, a3t. 62 ; had Peleg, bap. 1758 ; 
Seth, July 4, 1760 (12); Mercy, m. John Chandler; Ruth, m. 
John Burgess of Plymouth, and d. 1845. 

10. Samuel, (s. of 7,) Dux., m. Sarah Oldham July 8, 1742; 
he d. March 26. 1766; had Uriah June 11, 1743 (13). 

11. Peleg, (s. of 8,) Dux., m. Mercy Chandler, Feb. 18, 
1746, d. a. 1754 ; had Nathaniel, m. Hannah, removed to Me. 
and had Caroline Feb. 2, 1771, Peleg, Nathaniel, William, 
Sarah, Hannali and Mercy; John, removed to Weymouth, 
and then to INlaine; Peleg, 1751, d. May 6, 1756. 

12. Hon. Seth, (s. of 9,) Dux. When a mere youth, he 
engaged in the war of the Revolution, and continued in the 

SPRAGUE. ■ 319 

service of his country until the summer of 1778. He next en- 
gaged in the occupation of fishing, and pursued this caUing 
with but httle interruption until the year 1790, when he in- 
vested his smaU capital in trade, and entering by degrees into 
navigation, having acquired a moderate competence, he with- 
drew from active business pursuits, and devoted his attention 
to the more grateful labor of husbandry. 

Mr. Sprague quite young entered upon the public duties of 
the town, and continued through the prime of his life a fre- 
quent recipient of public trusts. He was for forty years a jus- 
tice of the peace and of the quorum, and for twenty years — 
sometimes in the senate and at others in the house — a member 
of the Massachusetts legislature, and also twice a member of 
the Electoral college, which determines the choice of President 
and Vice President of the United States. 

He was the leader of the friends of the administration in 
Duxbury at the time of the war of 1812, and to him in justice 
it should be said, much credit is due for his strenuous opposi- 
tion to all measures of neutrality, which some of the inhabit- 
ants would have urged upon the town. 

■Jn the moral and religious reforms of the age, Mr. Sprague 
took a great interest, and manifested a truly commendable 
zeal. In the cause of temperance he was an early laborer, 
and presided at the first temperance meeting ever held in Dux- 
bury, and also over the first held in the county. With the 
Abolitionists he has always been in sympathy, and an officer 
of several of their societies. 

Mr. Sprague died in Duxbury, July 8, 1847, four days after 
the occurrence of his eighty-seventh birth-day, and after an 
illness of about five weeks. — Me?norial of the Spragve Family. 

He m. Deborah Sampson March, 1779, who d. Nov. 21, 
1844. They had Capt. Ph'meas, Nov. 2, 1779, m. Eunice 
Freeman, m. 2d Hannah Brown, and had one da. Hannah B. 
who m. Edw. Silas Tobey, Esq. ; m. 3d Betsy, widow of Silas 
Tobey ; William, Dec. 28, 178U, m. Patience Rogers, who d. 
Nov. 18, 1833, set. 4S, m. 2d widow Priscilla (Barker) Peirce, 
and he d. Oct. 17, 1840, and had Susan, m. Charles Copeland; 
Charity m. James Gooding; Ahnira m. Samuel Gilbert of Bos- 
ton; William; Harriet m. Edward Winsor ; PJliza m. Henry 
Tolman ; Seth d. at sea in 1843 ; Julia, and Francis ; Deborah, 
Aug. 19, 1782, m. Aliira Wadsworth ; Wealthea, June 2, 1784, 
m. Thomas Winsor ; Ruth, Dec. 4, 1785, m. George Soule ; 
Hon. Seth, Nov. 21, 1787, m. Wealthea, da. of Isaac Little ; 
Mercy, Dec. 25, 1789. m. Charles Soule; Zen/iah, Sepl. 5, 
1791, m. Perez Thomas, and d. April 2, 1829 ; Hon. Feleg, 
April 27, 1793, Rep. and Senator from Maine, and now Judge 
of the U. S. Dist. Court for the Mass. District. Chd. Charles, 
d. unm., Setli in. a da. of Wm. Lawrence, Esq. of Boston, 


Sarah, and Francis ; Caroline, Oct. 6, 1795, m. Wm. Samp- 
son ; Hannah, Sept. 26. 1797, ni. Ralph Partridge: Judith, 
April 25, 1799, m. Hon.G. B. Weston ; Nancy. April 23, 1801, 
m. Samuel Loring ; Lucy, Aug. 2, 1803, m. Rev. Robert W. 
Cushman, she d. Nov. 9, 1841 ; Sarah, Sept. 20, 1805, m. 
Wm. Henry Sampson. 

13. Uriah, (s. of 10,) Dux., m. Lydia Sampson, who d. Sep. 
1, 1842; he d. Feb. 1, 1842, st. 99; had Eden, Apr. 12, 1770, 
m. Sarah Hinckley; Alethea, April 10, 1772; Lydia, Apr. 17, 
1776, d. Oct. 12, 1843 ; Luranna, May 18, 1780, m. Weston 
Freeman Feb. 10, 1802 ; Joshua, May 17, 1783, d. at sea, 
Feb. 9, 1807 ; Betsy. Aug. 28, 1788, m. Jacob Smith May 26, 
1803, she d. May 11,' 1814. 

14. EzEKiEL, (s. of — ,) came from M. ; m. Hnldah Fish 
1785 ; she d. April 5, 1835, tet. 76; had Peleg, Dec. 27, 1787; 
John, Sept. 7, 1790 ; Ezekiel, Dec. 8, 1792, m. Susan. 

Note. See the Memorial of the Sprague family, by Richard Soule, Jr. 
Acenith m. Simeon Curtis of Scituate, April 20, 1742 ; Abijah, 1710, d. 31 
June, 1772; Sarah m. Kimball Ripley 1771 ; Lydia, March 21, 1761, m. 
Nathaniel Simmons 1780; Thomas, 1756, d. at New York July 31, 1776; 
Joshua, 1751, d. at New York Aug. 20, 1776; Bethia m. Thomas Sim- 
mons 1769 ; Deborah m. Nathl. Delano 1774 ; Mary m. William Hilton of 
Bristol 1782; Hannah m. Elijah Sampson, Jr. 1782. 


Robert, Scituate 1660, Namasakeeset 1668, had meadow in 
Dux. 1634, d. 1712 at Middleton : m. Elizabeth Sampson : had 
Mercy, 1661, m. Thomas Oldham 1683; Elizabeth 1664: 
Mary 1666; Robert 16(i9, d. in Canada expedition .lune 11)90 ; 
Anna 1671, ni. a Richmond; James 1673; Ebenezer 1676; 
Hannah 1680. — Deane's Scituate. 


1. Capt. Myles, b. at Lancashire, a. 1584, [see First Set- 
tlers] ; owned the greater part of the " Nook," and also pos- 
sessed land at Namasakeeset, where he sold thirty-five acres 
to R. Barker, Sen., by deed, Dec. 10, 1651 ; m. Rose, who d. 
Jan. 29, l()2l ; m. 2d. Barbara, who probably came over in 
the second ship, 1621, and she survived him ; he d. Oct. 3, 
1656, ajt. 72 ; had Alexander (2) ; Miles (3) ; Josiah (4) ; 
Charles, d. young; Lora,d. before her father; John, d. young. 

2. Alexander, (s. ofl,) Dux., m. Sarah Alden, in. 2d Desire 
Holmes, widow of Israel ; she d. 1723 ; he d. 1702 ; had Miles 


(5); Ebenezer 1672 (6); Sarah, m. Abraham Sampson; 
Lydia, m. Isaac Sampson ; Mercy, m. Caleb Sampson ; Sarah 
m. Benja. Soule ; Elizabeth, m. Samuel Delano ; by 2d wife : 
Thomas 1687 (7) ; Ichahod, m. 1719, Phebe Pring, d. 1772 ; 
had Mary, Phebe, and Desire, who m, David Hatch ; Desire, 
b. in M. 1689, m. a Weston ; and probably David, who was 
killed in Dux. by the fall of a tree in 1689. 

3. Miles, (s. of 1,) removed to Boston, living 1662, d. s. p. 
before 1665, m. Sarah, da. of John Winslovv, 19 July, 1660 
(who afterwards m. 1665, Tobias Paine, and Richard Middle- 
cott, and d. 1726). 

4. Capt. Josiah, (s. of 1,) Dux., ad. 1655; removed to East 
Bridgewater, and was Lieut, of the company there; returned 
to Dux., and bought, 1663, of Samuel Eaton his estate of 43 
acres, including an orchard, for £20 ; and was selectman, de- 
puty and captain ; returned to Norwich, Ct. 1686, bought land 
at Preston, Ct. of John Parks 1687 ; m. Mary, da. of John 
Dingley 1654, who d. same year; m. 2d Sarah, da. of Samuel 
Allen of Braintree; and had Miles, m. Dec, 5, 1700, Meheta- 
bel Adams ; Josiah ; Samuel (8) ; Israel m. Feb. 8, 1704, Eli- 
zabeth Richards ; Mary; Lois; Mehetabel; Martha and Mercy. 

5. Miles, (s. of 2,) Dux., inherited the homestead, and died 
there Sept. 15, 1739 ; m. Experience [Sherman or Holmes], 
who by his will, dated Aug. 31, received half the income; and 
to his son he gave the farm of 120 acres; she d. March 31, 
1744, and was probably the last of the name at the Captain's 
Hill ; had Sarah, April 15, 1704, m. Abner Weston March 2, 
1730; Patience, Aug. 16, 1707, m. Caleb Jenny of Dartmouth 
April 6, 1738; Priscilla, April 1, 1710, m. Eli'sha Bisbee (?) ; 
Miles, March 11, 1714(9); Penelope, April 13, 1717, d. Nov. 
11, 1739. 

6. Ebenezer, (s. of 2,) he d. 1734; had Ebenezer, m. 1739 
a Churchill, and d. 1748; Zachariah (10), Moses 1689 (11), 
Hannah; Zeruiah m. Zebedee Tomson of Halifax 17A5; 
Sarah m. Josiah Cushman 1749 ; Mej-cy 1716, m. 1736 Eben- 
ezer Lobdell; m. 2d Benj. Weston, d. 1794. 

7. Thomas, (s. of 2,) M. ; removed to Pembroke, m. Mary; 
had David, m. Jan. 24, 1746, Hannah Magoun, d. 1793, had 
David, and Lemuel, who was b. 1746, d. 1824, aet. 74, m. 
Rachel Jackson of Bath, where he settled and had David and 
Lemuel; Amos ; Thomas, Jan. 23. 1725, m. Martha Bisbee 
Feb. 10, 1748, d. June 18, 1759, at Fort Miller, had Thomas, 
who d. 1780; Mary, Jan. 21, 1733; William, June 24, 1737; 
Betty, Sept. 6, 1739. 

8. Samuel, (s. of 4,) Dux., Preston, Ct. ; m. June 1, 1710, 
Deborah Gates; had Deborah, Doc. 27, 1711, d. 1805, unm. ; 


322 STARR. 

Samuel, Dec. 1, 1713, had Samuel ; Lois, Jan. 9, 1715 ; Abi- 
gail, Feb. 9, 1717, m. Rufus Rood; Sarah, Feb. 1719, d. 1745 
unm. ; Israel, March 1, 1722, m. Content Ellis, m. 2d Dor- 
cas Bellows; Thomas, May 19, 1724, Williamstown, Mass., 
m. widow Sarah Williams, [Hubbard's MS.] 

9. Miles, (s. of 5,) Dnx., inherited the homestead ; sold it, 
July 3, 1763, to Samuel and Sylvanus Drew, who sold it to 
Wait Wadsworth, who sold it to John, the father of George 
Faunce ; removed to South Bridgew., and 1765, bought a farm 
at Titicut [Guide to Plymouth] ; d. 1765, set. 80 ; m. Meheta- 
bel Robbins of Plymouth Dec. 17, 1738 ; had Miles, m. Naomi, 
da. of Daniel Keith, removed to Pennsylvania, and had a son 
Miles; Penelope, bap. June 27, 1741, m. Nathaniel Cobb, Jr. 
1763; Lydia, bap. May 1, 1743; Experience, bap. Sept. 24, 
1744, m. Simeon Ames 1765 ; Hannah, April 27, 1746, m. 
Daniel Fobes 1769; Sarah, May 22, 1748; Priscilla, bap. 

10. Zachariah, (s. of 6,) South Bridgew., d. 1780 ; had Eb- 
enezer, Hannah; Sarah, m. Josiah Cushman, Jr. 1749 ; Abi- 
gail, m. Samuel Wright 1752; Peleg, Zachariah. — History 
of Bridgew. 

11. MosES, (s. of 6,) Plympton, m. Rachel ; d. 1769, aet. 80; 
had Moses, (the father of Moses, whose son is Moses of Bos- 
ton); Capt. John, d. at Plympton 1787; Aaron, Rachel, Re- 
becca m. 1751 Zachariah Weston. 


Robert, Scituate 1670; M. 1685; Dux. 1710; m. Fear; he 
was probably father of Robert, who was b. 1693, and d. in 
Dnx. May 26, 1774, aet. 81 ; and the last-named had probably 
Robert, who was b. 1744, and d. April 19, 1752, and a second 
Robert, who m. Hannah Bradford Nov. 13, 1774, and Joshua, 
who had Robert, bap. 1760, Joshua, Rebecca, Hannah, Sam- 
uel B., and Frederic who d. young. 

Note. Rebecca m. Mary Sampson 1729 ; Lydia m. Andrew Alden 1714. 
Dux. Reo. Robert m. Mary Parsons Jan. IG, 1700. Grace m. Robert 
Rowles Oct. 28, 170G.— Boston Rec. 


1. Comfort came from Ashford, Kent, Eng. to Cambridge ; 
removed to Dux., then to Boston, and d. there Jan. 2, 1659 ; 
he m. Elizabeth, who d. at Boston June 25, 1658, aged 63. 
The following account of his family is gathered chiefly from 


his will ; but for a further account of his descendants, see Hin- 
man's Connecticut Genealogies. He had chd. Thomas^ Dux. 
1639; Scituate 1044, a surgeon, d. before his father, as did 
also his wife, had Comfort 1644, and Elizabeth 1646 ; he next 
removed to Yarmouth, and had there Benjamin Feb. 6, 1648, 
Jehoshaphat Jan. 12, 1649; John., sole executor of his father's 
will. Dux., 1643, Bridgew. 1645, sold land in Dux. 1655. — A 
John and Martha, at Boston, had Comfort Feb. 4, 1661, John 
Dec. 7, 1664, Benjamin, Aug. 19, 1667 ; Comfort, H. C. 1647, 
minister (says Farmer) of Carlisle, Cumberland, Eng., and 
Lewis, Sussex, and d. 1711. — A Comfort and Mary Starr, at 
Boston, had Joseph March 7, 1663, and Mary Jan. 18, 1671. 
The will of the first Comfort also names a Samuel Starr, and 

five daughters of his da. Maijyiard, who was deceased ; his 

grandson, Simon Eire, whose parents were dead, and who re- 
ceived a bequest from his grandfather to " to help him to learn- 
ing;" his da. Elizabeth, vv. of John Ferniside; his da. Han- 
nah, who was in England ; his brother-in-law John Morley, 
and Faithful Rouse. This will bears date April 22, 1659. 

From the Boston Records — Eleazer (a cooper) m. Mary, 
and had Margaret Nov. 16, 1663 ; Eleazer and Martha, had 
Abigail Nov. 26, 1681, Joseph Aug. 26, 1687, Benjamin March 
7. J 691 -2. 


For a full and perfect account of this family see J.S.Barry^s 
Memoir of the family. The progenitor was Cornet Robert, of 
Scituate 1634, d. 1702, set. 90, and had seven sons and two 
das. The following are found on the Dux. Records: Caleb, 
m. Sarah Brewster March 4, 1705; Elisha, m. Abigail Brews- 
ter Oct. 28, 1707 ; Honor, m. Thomas Hunt 1708 ; Amy, m. 
Ebenezer Bishop 1710; Isaac and Timothy in Dux. 1710; 
Mary, of Scituate, m. James Partridge 1712; Ebenezer, oi 
Scituate. m. L^i-dia Barker of S. 1728 ; Lot, m. Joanna Soule 
May 8, 1777; Accnith, m. Daniel McLaughlin 1779. 


Joseph, Dux. 1672, (the son of Charles and Abigail, b. be- 
fore 1638, and d. 1683, the s. of Charles, s. of John of Scit- 
uate 1638,) lived near Indian head river, m. Margaret Turner, 
and d. 1772, set, 100 years ; had Joseph, who m. Ann Turner, 
and had David, who m. Deborah, da. of Judge JohnCushing, 
and who had David, Esq. of Hanover. — Deane's Scituate. 



Benjamin, m. Hannah Drew March 17, 1757, had Belly aud 


1. Richard, Weymouth 1633, Scituate 1642 ; M., d. a. 1663; 
m. Naomy Torrey, who complained to the Court that her hus- 
band left her but a small share of his property (£245) ; had 
Lydia, Dec. 8, 1633, m. Nathl. Rawlins Sep. 4, 1652, who had 
Elizabeth 1653, and Ruth 1655; John, March 14, 1634, had 
Sarah 1671, John, Joseph, Samuel and Lydia; Peler 1637, shot 
himself 1642 ; Joseph, April 12, 1638, a captain under Col. 
Church, d. in Canada Expedition; m. Mary; his estate £416; 
had Joseph 1664, who had land at Hugh's Cross, Mary 1667, 
Anna 1669, Benjamin 1672, Amos 1676, David 1682; Dinah 
April 2, 1642; Elizabeth, Jan. 23, 1643, m. John Lowell of 
Boston 24 Jan. 1658; Richard, 1648, Milton 1678, m. Han- 
nah Leonard ; Naomy, 1649, was J. Lowell's 2d wife 1666 ; 
Israel, 1651 (2); Hester, 1653; Benjamin, 1656, M., m. Lydia 
Standlake 1684, and had Benjamin and Joseph. 

2. Israel, (s. of 1,) had Israel, 1674 (3); Silence, 1677; 
Richard, 1679, had Nehemiah and Seth ; Lois, 1680 ; Martha, 
1682; Mary, 1683; Elisha, 1685; Peler, 1687, m. Mary 
Torrey 1712, Leicester ; Zebidon, 1689, had F^lisha and Israel 
1717, d. 1812, set. 95 ; Balhsheba, 1692 ; and Deborah 1696. 

3. Israel, (s. of 2,) Dux., m. Ruth, widow of Thomas 
Prince; had Riilh, June 26, 1701; Israel, May 5, 1705 (4); 
Grace, Nov. 1706, m. Isaac Partridge 1730. 

4. Israel, (s. of 3.) Dux., m. Abigail, da. of Josiah Sneli, 
1734; he d. 1785, she d. July 22, 1775, set. 72; had Joseph, 
July 6, 1735 (5); Israel, Nov. 1, 1737, d. of hydrophobia, 
Nov. 23, 1810; Seth, Aug. 30, 1840, d. Dec. 11. 1756; Josiah, 
May 14, 1742, d. Sept. 13, 1768 ; Zachariah, Feb. 24, 1745 
(6) ; Abigail, April 17, 1747, m. Samuel Alden 1774. 

5. Joseph, (s. of 4,) Dux., removed to N. Bridgcvv. 1769; 
m. Lucy, da. of Ephraim Sampson; had Selh, Feb. 12, 1762; 
Joseph and Benjamin (gcmini), March 9, 1764; for chd. of J. 
sec Hist. Bridgevv. ; Josiah, Nov. 15, 1768, Tiverton; Lucy, 
1772 ; Epliraim, 1771. 

6. Zachariah, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Mchetabel, da. of Zacha- 
riah Carey; had Mehelahel, Jan. 31, 1773, m. Zachariah Snell ; 
Daniel, March 30, 1775 ; Zachariah, April 20, 1778, m. Lucy 
Bradford ; Susaiina, July 4, 1781 ; Hannah, 1789. 

Note. Nathaniel, of Scituate, m. at Dux. Silvina Sprague Dec. G, 17G0. 
Vide Deane's Scituate and Mitchell's Bridgew. 

THOMAS. 325 


1. Ralph, (s. of Rev. Thomas, of Boston, and gd. s. of Rev. 
R. Partridge of Dux. ; queme vide,) Dux. as late as 1G81 ; in 
1679 had a grant at South river. 

2. RoDOLPHUs, Dux., town clerk; m. Ruth Partridge Jan. 1, 
1669; had Thomas, Oct. 9, 1670, Dux. 1697; Elizabeth, 
March 1, 1672; Anna, Nov. 26, 1673; Ruth, Nov. 1, 1675; 
Rodolphifs, Jan. 9, 1677 : Lijdia, Jan. 24, 1679, m. Jona. Pe- 

'^A<^;ter6on : Manj, March 8, 1682; Anna, March 30, 1684; Peler, 
Aug. 17, 1686. 

3. James, Dux. 1688. 


1. William, M., a Welchman, arrived 1630; d. Aug. 1651, 
aet. 77; his estate amounted to £375 ; he had Nathaniel, who 
inherited the estate, had Mary, Elizabeth and Timothy, and 
served in Philip's war. 

2. John, (s. of—,) Dux. ; owned land, 1686, N. W. of the 
path from M., near " Dingley's wolfe trap;" was in Dux. as 
late as 1691, and probably d. that year. 

3. Caleb, (s. of — ,) Dux,; 1710 had a share in the com- 

4. JoHX, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Mary; had iliary, Sept. 27, 
1693 ; James, Feb. 10, 1696 (5) ; Hannah, Aug. 30, 1698, m. 
Wrestlins: Brewster 1722 ; John, Nov. 4, 1700 ; Ebenezer, 
Sept. 30,1703 ; Ezekiel, Sept. 29, 1706. 

5. Capt. James, (s. of 4,) Dux., m. Deborah ; he d. Jan. 16, 
1751 ; had Abiah, March 25, 1720 ; Deborah, May 7, 1722; 
James, Feb. 1, 1726; Jesse, Sept. 10, 1728. 

6. JosiAH, (s. of — ,) Dux., m, Deborah Bartlett Dec. 19, 
1723; had William, Nov. 1, 1724; Joshua, Sept. 9, 1726, m. 
Mercy Bestow (of Pem.) Dec. 1, 1747, he d. May 20, 1812, 
set. 85 ; Pe/eo-, Nov. 25, 1728; Adam, March 31, 1731 ; Deb- 
orah, Aug. 2, 1/34; Rnth, June 13, 1736, m. Paul Seabury 
1757; Benjamin, Nov. 21, J 737, ,m, Abigail, who d. Oct. 26, 
1769, ffit. 26, hed. Jan. 8, 1776; Consider, a. 1709, m. Sarah 
Ripley March 3, 1774. 

7. NViNSLOw, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Abigail Delano; had Ne- 
hemiah, Jan. 12, 1793 ; Nathaniel, Sept. 20, 1794 ; Charles, 
June 3, 1796; Briggs, Feb. 14, 1798: Abigail, March 10, 
1800; Nancy D., Feb. 11, 1802; Lvcij, Dec. 26, 1804; Will- 
iam D., Jan. 7, 1806. 

Note. Abigail (M.) m. Eleazer Harlow 1739 ; Anna (M.) m. Nathl. 

326 TRACY. 

Oales of Boston Dec. 26, 1747 ; Edward va. Judith Prince May 23, 1757 ; 
Zenas (M.) m. Abigail Peterson Feb. 14, 1765 ; Mercy iti. Edward South- 
worth 1769 ; Peleg m. Mary Jones of Charlestown Nov. 21, 1775 ; Debo- 
rah m. John Osyer March 2, 1775 ; Sarah G. m. George Winslow 1781 ; 
Novice m. Caleb Bates 1782. 


John, Dux. 1633, a carpenter, his wife was Alice. 


John, Dux., 1637, had a grant of ten acres at G. H. path ; 
had land at Hounds ditch, and Namasakeeset, whicjj he sold 
to Wra. Brett 1657 ; removed to Taunton, where he was se- 
lectman ; he was murdered by the Indians 27th June, 1675 ; 
his wife Sarali d. Dec. 1676 ; had John., who m. Hannah Ro- 
gers Nov. 23, 1664, and had Abigail July 15, 1667. John Aug. 
10, 1669, Anna Jan. 27, 1672, and Remember July 8, 1675; 
James., Joshua^ Joseph. 


Samuel, Dux., 1640, had four acres at Stoncy Brook, and 
land towards G. H. ; m. Lettice Foster of Scituate 1639; re- 
moved to East Bridgew. ; had a brother John. 


Elisha, Dux., m. Mary, who d. June 6, 1795 ; had Asaph, 
Elizabeth 1757, d. 1759, Lijdia, James 1766. 


Stephkn, Plymouth 1623; Dux. 1639; returned to England 
before 1654, for in the Col. Rec. is recorded a disposition of 
his property in New England, dated at London 20tli March, 
1654-5, and empowering John Winslow to perform it. He 
calls himself of St. Yarmouth, Eng., and says he has five 
chd. living in New Eng. ; they were Ens. John, of Duxbury, 
had the estate in Dux., held many oflices in the town ; m. 
Jane Prence, m. 2d Deborah, who survived him, and he d. a. 
1701 ; Lt.Thomas, of M., removed to Norwich, Ct., a, 1660; 
Ruth, Mary, and another. 

Note. Mary m. Henry Cullifer Jan. 27, 1712 ; Susanna ni. John Sim- 
mons 1715. 

TURNER. 327 


Morris or Maurice, Dux. 1643, ad. 1658, also of M. 


William, Dux., ad. Jan. 2, 1637-8, m. Mercy Spragne Nov. 
9, 1637 ; in 1664 he published a protest at the Court, " disown- 
ing all debts that slie shall make him this time forward." She 
afterwards went to R. 1., and the Court granted him a divorce 
July 1668; m. 2d Dorothy, whom he mentions in his will 
dated Feb. 20, 1677; had WiUinm, who had grants of land 
in Dux. at various times in 1670, at Namasakeeset 1684 and 
in 1686, upon condition that he bear his share of the Church 
and town charges; m. Judith, widow of Isaac Barker 1691 ; 
Samuel, Dux. 1710; Joseph, Dux. 1710; Benjamin, Bet/iia. 

Note. Deborah m. Elisha Doten, Jr. of Plymouth, March 6, 1729; 
Joseph (of Pembroke) m. Eunice Wadsworth June 20, 1773. 


1. David, Dux. 1643, able to bear arms. 

2. George, Dux. 1660. 

3. Japheth, Dux., m. Hannah Hudson, who survived him, 
he d. 1690; had Aim, Aug. 18, 1679; Joshua, April 9, 1681, 
Dux. 1703 ; Japheth, Jan. 4, 1682, Dux. ; Ruih, March 19, 

Note. Hannah m. Samuel Hill, Jr. 1722 ; Amasa m. Rebecca Delano 
March 2, 1727, sold his homestead to Joshua Soule 1739 ; John, Dux. 
1728-33 ; Elizabeth m. Robert Wells 1784. 

Joseph Treeble and Anna Jones, both of Plymouth, were 
m. in Duxbury Dec. 19, 1729. Silence Trouest, Dux. 1747. 
— Chh. Rec. 


George, Dux., m. Molly, who d. July 20, 1757, ast. 40; m. 
2d Mercy Osyer Nov. 3, 1757; he d. July 31, 1784; had a 
da. Molly, who d. Feb. 22, 1756 O. S., set. 18 years, of con- 



Mr. John, Dux.-1G37, had land near Wm. Basset; ad. 1G37 
Sandwich 1640. A Henry was of Sandwich in 1057. 


1. Christopher,* Dux. ; bought land of John Starr and Job 
Cole; m. Grace; his will is dated July 31, 1677. and his es- 
tate amounted to £70; her will is dated Jan. 13, 16S7; had 
Joseph (2) ; John^ 163S (3) ; Samuel (4) ; Mary, m. an An- 
drews. *• 

2. Joseph, (s. ofl,) Dux.; m. Abigail Waite ; ad. 1655; 
liis will IS dated March 22, 1689, in which he names " his 
dear and loving wife Mary," who was probably a second wife. 
— estate £1.58; had EUslia (5); Samuel and Joseph inherited 
lands in Dux. and Bridgew. ; Mehetabel, Ruth, lielhia. 

3. Dea. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., inherited land in Dux.; m. 
Abigail Andrews July 25. 1667; he "deceased May the 15th, 
Anno Dom. 1700 very early in y^ morning before y^ dawning 
of ye day, being about sixty-two yeares of age," and his will 
is dated April 23, preceding; "she deceased about midnight, 
betwixt y*^ 24th and 25 days of November, anno Domini 1723, 
being about 76 years of age ;" had chd. J\Iary, Sept. 18, 1668 ; 
Abigail, Oct. 2o, 1670; John, March 12, 1671 (6); Christo- 
pher, March 15, 1685 (7) ; Ichahod, March 1687 (8) ; Isaac, 
Dux. 1724, inherited 'land in Middleboro' ; Lydia'; Sarah, 
non comp. men. ; Grace, m. prob. VVm. Sprague; Hopestill, 
m. Wm. Brewster May 20, 1708 ; Mercy. 

4. Capt. Samuel, (s. ofl,) Dux., removed to Milton, where 
lie bought land of Robert Babcock, 1672-3. A cajxtain in 
Philip's war, he was sent to the relief of Sudbury with thirty- 
two men ; but marching in the night, he fell into ambuscade, 
and Was slain, with most^ of his men ; this occurred tjirce 
miles from Sudbury, on the 18th of April 1676, (say Hub- 
bard, and Hobart's Journal ; but on the 21&t, say Cookin, and 
'Judge Sewall). He left an estate of £1,248, including a farm 
at Milton of 300 acres. He m. Abigail, who survived 1687; 
and had chd. Christopher, who d. at Milton 1687 ; Ebenezer 

* It is not known whence he came. The family of Wadsworlh is a 
Yorkshire family, and of some antiquity. 15urkc gives this armorini liear- 
iiijr of tlie Yorkshire Wadsworths ; " Cules three fleurs de lis slalktd and 
slipped or." He also adds this crest to the same arms — " On a globe of 
the world, winged proper an eagle rising or." — General Armory. 


(23) ; Joseph (24) ; John (25) ; Timothy (26) ; Benjamin 
(27) ; Abigail, not of age in 1687. 

5. Elisha, (s. of 2,) Dux., inherited most of the lands of his 
father, and a boat "in building;" m. Ehzabeth VViswall, who 
d. Jan. 25, 1741 ; had Elizabeth March 6, 1695 ; Alice April 
15, 1697, m. Thomas Burton May 10, 1722; Anne April 14, 
1700 ; Abiah June 4, 1703 ; Patience Aug. 20, 1706, m. Saml. 
Gray of K. Dec. 7, 1727 : Fear Aug. 19, 1709; Wait Oct. 23, 
1714 (9). 

6. Dea. John, (s. of 3,) Dux. ; m. Mercy Wiswall June 25. 
1704, she d. " upon y^ 12th day of November Anno Domini 
1716, about ten or eleven of y^ clock in y^ forenoon, being set. 
thirty and six years one month and eight dayes;" he m. 2d 
at Boston, widow Mary Verdie of B. April 4, 1718 ; she d. 
(gravestone) July 20, 1742, set. 58, but (according to records) 
June 22, " about an hour before the sun rising;" he "deceas- 
ed May ye 3d Anno Domini 1750, Between Ten or Eleven a 
clock at night. Being Seventy Eight years one month and 
Twentyonebays old ;" he had chd. John May 24, 1706 (10) ; 

Uriah July 5, 1708, d. at " two o'clock in y^ morning," April 
29, 1784 ; Dorothy June 25, 1710, m. Joseph Bartlett^Dec. 25, 
1729 ; Ichabod May 3, 1712 (11) ; Peleg Aug. 29, 1715 (12) ; 
Mary July 19, 1721, m. Dea. Ehsha Pliillips July 1, 1756. 

7. Christopher, (s. of 3,) Dux., m. Mehetabel Wormall 
Feb. 19, 1713; inherited land in Middleboro', d. before 1748; 
had Christian Feb. 5, 1715, m. Blanie Phillips Mar. 23, 1733 ; 
Abigail Feb. 17, 1718, m. Joseph Russell Dec. 31, 1740; 
Christopher Jan. 12, 1721 (13) ; Zenobe April 24, 1723, ra. 
Nathl. Bartlett 1742. 

8. Ichabod, (s. of 3,) Dux. ; m. Margaret Marshall Feb. 10, 
1720, who afterwards ra. Samuel Forster, and d. 1773; he d. 
Aug. 1, 1746 ; had Joseph Dec. 4, 1720, d. March 20, 1721 ; 
^arah »Feb. 20, 1722 ; Mercy Sept. 7, 1724, m. Col. Briggs 
Alden 1741 ; Daniel Sept. 28, 172T3, d. Sept 12, 1730; Emuce 
Nov. 27, 1727, m. Joshua Tubbs of Pembroke June 20, 1773; 
Hannah Dec. 6, 1732; Benjamin Dec. 1, 1735 (14); Lydia 
Oct. 18, 1736. 

9. Capt. Wait, (s. of 5,) Dux., a lieutenant, and chosen 
captain 1766 ; m. Abigail Bradford ; hdidi Abigail June 3, 1749, 
d. voung; Joseph July 7, 1750, m. Anne Drew Feb. 1773; 
Ahira Nov. 1, 1751 ; Seneca April 9, 1753 (15); Wait Oct. 7, 
1754 (16); Clynthia March 25, 1756, m. Ezekiel Soule 1777; 
Robert Sept. 26, 1757, d. April 25, 1760 ; Eden May 12, 1759 
(17) ; Benlah June 8, 1762, m. Arthur Rowland of M. ; Ce- 
lanah Dec. 9, 1763, m. Wm. Keen of Bristol 1784 ; Elisha 
June 15, 1765 ; Zenith Oct. 5, 1766 (IS) ; Abigail Oct. 25, 
1768; Wiswall, bap. 1768. 



10. Dr. John, (s. of 6,) Dux.; m. Mary Alden Dec. 31, 
1734; she d. April 4, 1789, set. 78; he d. March 26, 1799, 
ast. 92; had Mercy Dec. 28, 1736, m. Joshua Cushman 1763; 
John Nov. 14, 1739 (see page 1.55) ; Salumith ]\Iar. 10, 1742, 
m. Ezra Weston 1770 ; Sarah Dec. 23, 1744, m. John Neal 
Feb. 3, 1774. 

11. IcHABOD, (s. of 6,) Dux., m. Anne Hunt Nov. 25, 1736; 
he d. April 21, 1771 ; she d. Aug. 9, 1773, set. 59 ; had Rhoda 
Aug. 20, 1737; Luna Nov. 2, 1739, m. Capt. Benja. Wads- 
worth 1759; Lulce Dec. 27, 1743, removed to M. ; Alpheus 
Oct. 2, 1744 ; Selah Jan. 25, 1746, d. Dec. 24, 1754 ; A7ma 
bap. 1748, m. Thaddeus Peterson. 

12. Dea. Peleg, (s. of 6,) Dux., m. Susanna ; had 

Zilpha June 21, 1742, d. March 23, 1744 ; Cephas Aug. 12, 
1743, of K.; Jeplha April 5, 1745, d. May 2, 1745; Xifpah 
April 8, 1746, m. Perez Drew Feb. 6, 1772 ; Peleg April 25, 
1748 (19); Uriah March 13, 1751, m. Eunice Bradford 1789 
she d. Aug. 1795, and had Gamaliel 28 May 1793 ; Ira, bap. 
1757 (20) ; Weal/hea, bap. 1759, m. JNIaj. Alden 1780 ; Dwa, 
bap. 1763 (21) ; Lucy. 

13. Christopher, (s. of 7,) Dux.; had Prince bap. 1744; 
Eunice bap. 1746; Sarah bap. 1747; and Ephi'aim bap. 

14. Capt. Benjamin, (s. of 8,) Dux. ; m. Luna W'adsworth, 
Jan. 1, 1759; bed. Feb. 23, 1782; (she m. 2d, Col. Jothani 
Loring, 1785,) "eleven children buried by him ; " had //aw- 
nah, Apr. 13. 1760, d. June 23, 1771, ast. 11; Ichabod., Jan. 
13, 1762, d. July 11, 1780, act. 18; Daniel, Jan. 27, 1764; 
Marshall, Feb. 20, 1766, d. June 25, 1771, at. 5 ; Frederic, 
Nov. 28, 1767, d. June 21, 1771, act. 3; Selah, July 30, 1769, 
d. June 25, 1771, set. 2; Sophia ; Anne, and others. 

15. Seneca, (s. of 9,) Dux.; m. Dcwcsbury Soule, Jan. 5, 
1777; had Ahira, Apr. 4, 1777. m. Deborah Sprague, who d. 
Oct. 30, 1813, m. 2d, Olive Wadsworth, May 20, 1822, had 
Celenah, 1801, m. Ezra W. Sampson, Catherine, 1802, m. 
Clark Drew, m. 2d, F. G. Ford, Merinda, 1805, m. Capt. 
Joshua Drew, Alexander, 1808, m. Beulah Holmes, Deborah 
1813, Harriet 1822, Henry 1829, Horace 1830, Helen 1833, 
Hamilton 1837, and Harrison 1842; Betsy Wisumll, Dec. 17, 
1778; Lucy, Sep. 24, 1780, m. 1801, Seth Stetson; John, 
Jan. 20, 1782, removed to Hingham ; Daniel, Dec. 18, 1784; 
Celanah, Oct. 18, 1786, d. Mar. 9, 1790; So2)hia, Feb. 18, 
1791 ; Charlotte, Dec. 20, 1793. 

16. Wait, (s. of 9,) Dux. ; m. Jerusha Bartlett Robinson, 
May 14, 1794; m. 2d, Priscilla Stetson Weston, widow of 
John; bed. Mar. 11, 1840; hadi?o6e/-/, July 3, 1774; Matil- 


da, July 23, 1776, m. Jas. Chandler; Silvia, July 28, 1781, m. 
Ziba Hunt; Lticinda, Sep. 6, 1785, m. Zenas Winsor; Jern- 
sha, May 25, 1789, m. Zenas Faunce; James, Feb. 14, 1792; 
Waity, Nov. 4, 1797, m. Nathan Sampson ; Caroline, Mar. 
15, 1802, rn. Allen Hunt, m. 2d, David Bradford; Lewis L., 
Jan. 23, 1804; Jane, Feb. 23, 1809. 

17. Eden, (s. of 9,) Dux. ; m. Ruby Soule, who d. Apr. 0, 
1816; he was drowned, Apr. 30, 1818; had Eden and Ze- 
nith, (gemini) May 15, 1793, Eden m. Mercy Bosworth, and 
Zenith d. at sea; Nancy, m. Mr. Barstow; Beidah, m. Chas. 
Winsor. » 

18. Zenith, (s. of 9,) Dux.; m. Mahala Winsor; he d- 
July 10, 1832; had Olive, 1797; Rufus, 1799; John, 180b 
d. 1822 ; Daniel, 1803 ; Alden, 1805 ; Mahala, 1807, m. Mr- 
Thompson, m. 2d, Mr. Tho. Blasland of South Boston; Har- 
vey, 1811 ; Lawrence, 1813. 

19. Gen. Peleg, (s. of 12,) Dux., Plymouth, Portland, Me. ; 
m. Elizabeth Bartlett of Plymotith, and had Charles Lee, 
Zilpha, Henry, and Alexander Scamnwl. General W. d. at 
Hiram, Me., Nov., 1829, aet. 80 years. 

20. Ira, (s. of 12,) Dux. ; m. Sarah Freeman, 1783, who 
d. Jan. 18, 1836 ; he d. Dec. 23, 1826 ; had Sarah, June 29, 
1784; Ira, Oct. 26, 1789, Cambridgeport ; Joseph F., Nov. 12, 

21. Dea. Dura, (s. of 12,) Dux. ; m. Lydia Bradford ; re- 
moved to Maine ; had Dura, 1788, m. Mercy Taylor, who d. 
1814, m. 2d, Abigail Cushman, and had by the first wife a 
da. Mercy, and by second, Henry, who m. Abby Winsor, 
Lucy, Abigail, Gamaliel, Dura, Elizabeth, Briggs, and Wil- 
liam; Peleg, 1791; Seth, 1792; John, 1794; Han7iah, 1796, 
m. Stephen Churchill Bradford; Susatina, 1797; Zilpha, 
1800; Lrjdia, 1802; Uriah, 1808. 

22. Joseph, (s. of — ,) Dux.; had Huldah, Aug. 4, 1783, 
m. Setli Hunt; Abigail B., Jan. 24, 1796. 

23. Dea. Ebenezer, (s. of 4,) Milton, m. Mary, who sur- 
vived him; he d. a. 1717, leaving an estate of £860 ; had 
Samuel ; Recompence (28) ; George, 1699, m. Hannah Pitch- 
er of Milton, 17 June, 1720 ; Mary. 

24. Joseph, (s. of 4,) Boston; m. Hannah; had Joseph 2o 
Jan. 1697, d. young ; Hannah May, 1699 ; Abigail July 27, 
1701 ; Joseph 30 April, 1706. — A Joseph m. Elizabeth Savage 
Oct. 8, 1716. — Boston Rec. 

Hon. Joseph Wadsworth died at Boston 20 Nov. 1750. 

25. John, (s. of 4,) Milton; he m. Elizabeth; he d. a. 1733, 
leaving a large estate of £7,082 ; had Johyi ; Benjamin ; Jo- 
seph ; Ebenezer 1717; Samuel 1719 ; Elizabeth m. a Tolman; 

332 WALKER. 

Ruth m. a Parret ; Grace m. a Dean ; Abigail, Margaret, 

26. Timothy, (s. of 4,) Boston ; member of the Ancient and 
Hon. Art. Comp. ; a gunsmith ; removed to Newport, R. 1. ; 
m. Susanna, and had Recommence 19 March, 16S8; appointed 
Master of the North Free Grammar School, in Boston, 1713; 
Susanna 29 Oct. 1687, m. Edward Langdon 2d Dec. 1718; 
Timothy 3 Nov. 1692. 

27. Rev. Benjamin, (s. of 4,) b. 1660; grad. H. C. 1690; 
ordained over the First Church in Boston Sept. 8, 1696, and 
dismissed June* 16, 1725, and inaugurated President of Har- 
vard College in July, 1725. Vide Quincy's Hist. Harv. Coll., 
and Eliot's Biog. Eliot says of him : ■' His mind was rather 
strong than brilliant ; as a preacher, he was rather grave than 
animated. He delivered his sermons without notes ; and his 
memory was so tenacious that, on all occasions, he could quote 
any chapter or verse of the Bible, without recurring to the 
pages." It is said of him, that he devoted one-tenth of his 
income to charitable purposes. He died, March 16, 1737, 
" lamented with more than ordinary demonstrations of sorrow." 
His wife Ruth d. Feb. 17, 1744-5, in her 73d year. 

28. Recompence, (s. of 23,) Milton, m. Sarah, d. a. 1729; 
left an estate of £1325 ; had Sarah, who d. before 1729; Mary 
1717; David 1720] Jonathan \722. 

Note. Hannah m. Benj. Peterson 1698 ; Mercy in. Benja. Snow 1756 ; 
Lenity m. Henry Seaver of K. Feb. 7, 1765 ; Lucia m. Joseph Smith 20 
Aug. 1771 ; Abigail m. Prince Howland 1779. 


Samuel, Dux., m. Elizabeth Brewster 1784, who d. July 
29, 1787, ffit. 28 ; m. 2d Judith 1790, and had Benjamin, Eli- 
zabeth, Judith, Kendall, Cynthia, and Samuel. 

Note. Mary m. John Howland 1685 ; Timothy m. Eunice Brewster 28 
Nov. 1758. John at M. d. 1663, leaving wife Lydia. William, at East- 
ham, had William b. Aug. 2, 1659. 

Henry, had land at Stoney brook, Dux. ; but d. before 1641. 



Edward, appears to have owned land in Dux. 1694, though 
he probably resided in Scituate at the time. It is said he 
came from London to Boston before 1658, and to Scituate 
1661, and d. Oct. 11, 1716, cet. 85. He was a ship carpenter. 
See Deane's Scituate, p. 371. 


1. John, Dux. early, purchased a farm of Edward Bumpus 
beyond Eagle Nest creek ; had John (2) ; Philip^ received a 
farm from his father in Dux. ; sold it to Saml. Seabury 1679, 
and a part to Thomas Lazell in 1684 ; his brother John in his 
will directs his son John to take of " liis uncle Philip." 

2. John, (s. of 1,) Dux., a tailor; m. Elizabeth Mitchell 
1645 ; ad. 1654 ; sold his land in Dux. ; had John, Samuel, 
Joseph, Thomas, Jonathan, Benjamin, James, Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Sarah, and Jane. For further account, see Mitchell's 


1. Robert, Plymouth, Dux., M., (had a brother Thomas of 
Roxbury, who d. 1670, leaving Thomas, who had Robert, b. 
1680) ; he m. Elizabeth Bourn Dec. 11, 1638, and d. a. 1651 ; 
had John 1642, who m. Ann Sturtevant Dec. 7, 1665, and 
had Samuel 16 Oct. 1666, and Elizabeth 15 Jan. 1668; Tho- 
tnas 1644 ; Joseph ; Robert m. Susanna Lincoln Oct. 1, 1675. 

2. Ephraim, "late of Kingston, now resident in Duxbury," 
m. Betty Delano June 4, 1746. 

An Ephraim of Dux. (perhaps a son) had Lucy Oct. 15, 
1786; Betsy Aug. 18, 1790; Samuel Aug. 31, 1792; Elisha 
Aug. 18, 1794, and Jerusha July, 1797. 

Malachi m. Abigail Russell Mar. 30, 1772, and may have 
had a son. An Oliver b. 1753, d. July 2, 1756. 

3. Eliphalet, (came from Halifax) Dux. ; m. Sylvina Win- 
sor, and had Martin Oct. 1, 1792, m. Joanna Gushing, m. 2d 
Lydia Soule ; had by his first w. Joanna (who m. Capt. Jona. 
Nickerson), Martin Thomas, Joseph Langdon, Lauretta, and 
Lucms; Betsy, July 12, 1796, m. Wm. V. Kent, Esq., who d. 
at Boston Aug. 10, 1849; Thomas Waterman Herrick, Oct. 
9, 1806, m. Emily Winsor. 

334 WESTON. 


John, Dux. ; had Elizabetli R. 1795 ; Sally 1797, Lucia, 
Daniel, Eunice and Nancy. 


1. Francis, Dux. ; m. Margery Reeves Feb. 27, 1639 ; M. 
1641 ; returned to Dux. ; ad. 1655 ; bought land at Mill brook 
1642, also in 1661, and in 1670 received a grant ; he d. Jan. 2, 
1692, leaving a small estate; had Samuel 1643 (2), Peter 
(3) ; Pelatiah went to Conn. ; Richard. 

2. Samuel, (s. of 1,) Dux. ; m. Triephosa Partridge, Sep. 
26, 1668; she d. Nov. 1, 17U1 ; he d. May 8, 16S9, set. 46; 
hQ.A Francis^ Nov. 13, 1669; Jeuen (son), Sep. 8, 1671, d. 
Dec. 29, 1671 ; Sanuiel, Dec. 23, 1672 (4) ; Pelatiah, Mar. 8, 
1674, m. Elizabeth Chandler, July 12, 1722, and d. Dec. 7, 
1756, set. 83, ne^x\y ] Ebenezer, July 22, 1676; Johji, Mar. 
6, 1679; Abigail, Sep. 26, 1682, m. Nalhl. Cole, 1714. 

3. Peter, (s. of 1,) Dux.; 1680, had a grant West of South 
river ; m. Patience ; had Mary, Oct. 3, 1675 ; Manrery, Mar. 
12, 1678; Ester, Sep. 20, 1680; Anne, Feb. 16,^1682, m. 
Elisha Curtis, May 17, 1705; Lydia, Feb. 11, 1680; Wil- 
liam, May 4, 1683; Mary, Dec. 7, 1685; Benjamin, Julv 7, 
1688; Elisha, Mar. 2, 1693; Samuel, Apr. 4, 1697. 

4. Samuel, (s. of 2,) Dux. ; m. Martha Delano, June 20, 
1709 ; removed to Pembroke, 1749 ; had Amos, May 29, 1710 ; 
Nathan, Aug. 18, 1711 ; Sarah, Nov. 8, 1712; Moses, Mar. 4, 

Note. Twiford West in 1635 was apprenticed to Gov. Winslow for 7 
years, and was of ^I., 1643 ; Nathaniel, a stranger from R. I., returning to 
Providence, fell through the ice and was drowned, 1658 ; John of Swan- 
sey, m. Mehetabel, and had William, 11 Sep., 1683. — Col. Rec. 


1. Edmund, Dux.; m. a Soule (7) ; liad Elnathan (2); 
Samuel; John, Dux., 1661, had a grant 1694 and 1796. 

2. Elnathan, (s. of 1,) Dux.; m. Jane; she d. May 13, 
1735; had. Apr. 23, 1729. 

3. Samuel, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Elizabeth South worth; 
had Samuel, Mar. 5, 1718; Zebdicl, Jan. 22, 1720, d. Oct. 12, 
1739; Mary, July 18, 1722; Priscilla, Jan. 24, 1725, d. Jan. 

WESTON. 335 

7, 1756; Elnathan, Sep. 29, 1727 (5); Naihmiiel, Apr. 30, 

4. Eliphas, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Priscilla Peterson, M'ho d. 
Sep. 22, 1778, aet. 64; he d. Mar. 18, 1762, at. 52; had Dan- 
iel, a. 1739, wrecked on Dux. beacli, Nov. 17, 1766; Eliphas, 
a. 1740; Israel, a. 1742; Aninah, a. 1745; Joshua, a. 1748; 
"Mar. 18, 1762, EUphas Weston, in his 53d year, and his son 
Joshua about 14 years old were drowned out of a float in 
Dux. Bay." Chh. Rec. ; Simeon, a. 1752 ; Ezra (6). 

5. Elnathan, (s. of 3,) Dux.; m. Jemima, who d. July 6, 
1812, set. 87; he d. Dec. 29, 1777; had Nathaniel, Dec. 27, 
1760, a Nathaniel d. in the army. Oct. 19, 1777; Priscilla, 
Jan. 7, 1764; Sajnuel, a. 1753 (7); Abigail, a. 1757. 

6. Ezra, (s. of 4,) Dux.; m. Silvia Church, Apr. 20, 1767, 
she d. Mg.y 31, 1768, set. 20; m. 2d, Salumith VVadsworth, 
Oct. 25, 1770; m. 3d, Mrs. Priscilla Virgin, da. of Richard 
Cooper of Plymouth, July 4, 1817; had Silvia Church, May 
13, 1768, m. Capt. Sylvanus Sampson, and d. 1836; Ezra, 
Nov. 30, 1771 (S). 

• 7. Samuel, (s. of 5,) Dux.; m. Abigail Bisbee, Mar. 24, 
1778; had Aleihea, May 20, 1778, d. June 16, 1779; Nathan- 
iel. Sep. 2, 1779; Luce, Dec. 1, 1780, d. May 30, 1781 ; Salhj, 
Mar. 19, 1782 ; Susanna, Feb. 27, 1784. 

8. Ezra. (s. of 6.) Dux. ; m. Jerusha Bradford, who d. 
Oct. 11, 1833; he d. Aug. 15, 1842; had Ezra, 1796, d. 
1805; Maria, 1794, d. 1804; Ho7i. Gershom Bradford, Aug. 
27, 1799, m. Judith Sprague, who d. Nov. 25, 1845, m. 2d, 
Deborah B., da. of Edmund Brownell of Little Compton, R. 
I., Feb. 23. 1848, and had Capt. Gershom B., m. Mary Moore, 
Maria and Jerusha who d. young, Allyn, Nov. 3, 1825, an 
attorney of Worcester, Geo. Canning. Mar. 28, 1828, William 
B., June 20, 1830, Edgar, Aug. 31, 1832, Jerusha, Dec. 19, 
1834, Alfred, Jan. 11. 1837, Maria, June 3, 1839, Alden B., 
Nov., 1844; Jerusha B., 1802, d. 1804; Alden Bradford, 
1805, a merchant of Boston ; Ezra, 1809, merchant. 

9. Thobias, (s. of — ,) Dux.; b. 1717; m. Mary, who d. 
May 1, 1765, set. 41; m. 2d, Martha Chandler, Jan.'l5, 1767; 
he d. May 16, 1766; had Mary, 1754, d. Sep. 26, 1776, set. 
22; Thomas, July 25, 1760 (10); June; Mercy ; Peleg ; 
Edmund ; Rebecca, June 16, 1774, m. Bradford Sampson. 

10. Thomas, (s. of 9,) Dux. ; m. Abigail, who was b. Apr. 
16, 1765; she d. Aug. 1, 1842; he d. July 29, 1842; had 
Thomas, 1786; Dura, 1788; Stephen, 1790, d. 1791, Stephen, 
1792. Melzar, 1797; Galen, 1797; Eden, 1799; Almira, 1802; 
Seth, 1804; George, 1806. 

11. Abner, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Sarah Standish, Mar. 2, 

336 WESTON. 

1730, she d. Feb. 2.5, 1779, act. 74 ; had Hannah, a. 1739, 
and Deborah, a. 1742. 

12. MicAH, (s. of — .) Dux.; m. Beriah Oldham, Dec. 3, 
1761; he d. Aug. 4, 1816; \\?i^ James, Sep. 24, 1762 (13); 
Seth, Sep. 27, 1764; Sarah, Dec. 2, 1766; John, A\\^. 21, 
1769; Benjamin, Oct. 27, 1771; Bcthia, Nov. 2, 1773; 
Desire, Mar. 15, 1777. 

13. James, (s. of 12,) Dux. ; m. Sarah Sampson, 1785, she 
d. Dec. 31, 1834, aet. 77| ; had James, who m. Abigail, who 
d. Aug. 8, 1729, set. 33, m. 2d, Deborah, and liad James, 1793, 
Abigail, 1796, Mary, Sarah, and others. 

14. Warren, (s. of — ,) Dtix. : ni. Mary Bosworth, 1767; 
she d. Aug. 14, 1778, m. 2d, Martha Weston, 1780; had 
Daniel, Apr. 5, 1772; Warren; Lydia, Sep. 17, 1778. 

15. Joseph, (s. of—,) b. 1692; Dux.; d. Sep. 11, 1778, aet. 
861; a Joseph m. Blercy Peterson, May 18, 1721; a Mary, 
wife of Joseph, d. Dec. 27, 1768, a:;t. 69. 

16. Joseph, (b. 1753, perh. s. of 15.) Dux.; m. Rebecca; 
he d. Nov. 21, 1813, set. 60; had Thomas, 1777, d. 1778, 
Thomas 1778, Polhj 1781, Joseph 1783, Joshva 1785, d. 1789, 
Peleg 1787, Mercy 1789, Lewis 1791, Rebecca 1793, Kvfus 
and Judith 1796, and Joshua 1798. 

17. Asa, (s. of — ,) Dux.; m. Jane Brewster, Nov. 20, 
1777; Fanny, wife of Asa, d. 1789; Asa b. June 14, 1786, 
m. Eunice, who was born June 18, 1789, had Bradford, 
Joshua, George and Simeon. 

18. Levi, (s. of — ,) Dux.: m. Patty; had Charlotte 1785, 
Betsy 1787, d. 1810. Sally 1790, Levi 1793, Ziba H. 1796, 
Lucy 1798. 

19. Nathaniel C, (s. of — ,) Dux. ; had Nathaniel 1793, m. 
Abigail Frazar; Judith 1796; Capt. Church 1799; Ruby; 
Lucy ; and Sarah. 

20. William, (s. of — ,) Dux. ; m. Ruby Chandler, Oct. 21, 
1760; had Ichabod, Lucy and Ruby. 

Note. Sarah m. John Chandler, 1708 ; Mary m. Joseph Simmons, 
1709 ; Abigail, 1701, d. Sep. 7, 1700, a>t. G2i ; John m. Rebecca Peterson, 
Oct. 1, 1717; Rebecca m. Samuel Spooner of Dartmouth, Apr. 10, 1717; 
Deborah m. Benj. Prior, 1723 ; Jonathan m. Mercy Richard, May 8, 1728; 
Seth 1733, kid. by lightning at sea. May 22, 1704, aet. 31 ; Sarah m. John 
Chandler, 1743; Gcen m. Tho. Hunt, 1748; Abigail m. Enoch Freeman, 
1704 ; Zadock m. Mary Peterson, Oct. 8, 1707 ; Ichabod m. widow Mehet- 
abel Soule, Dec. 7, 17C9 ; Zebdiel m. Hannah Curtis, Feb. 22, 1709; Jacob 
m. Deborah Simmons, Dec. 25, 1755; William m. Elizabeth Sampson, 
1781 ; Elkanah, b. Feb. 14, 1781, m. Mary, who was b. Dec. 11, 1781 ; 
Sarah m. Abel Chandler, 1783 ; Jacob m. Alice Southworth, 1784. 



Thomas, Dux., 1G40, land northwest of North hill ; same 
year, had land at Namasakeeset, fifty acres. 


Anne^ da. of Richard and Katuen of Plymouth, m. Samuel 
Drew, 1736; Carjnts, Dux., had Tabitha, b. 1764, d. 1771; 
Mehetabel, m. Samuel Soule, 1756 ; Joseph^ m. Rebecca, 
1794, and had Joseph, Otis, Briggs, and others. 


1. George, Dux., lived at Tarkiln pond in Dux.; m. prob- 
ably a da. of Mr. Crisp; had Thankful, May 18, 1702; Hep- 
zibah, Apr. 29, 1705 ; Beidali, Nov. 29, 1706 ; Mary, Sep. 10, 
1708; George, Oct. 1, 1710, probably the one kid. by a high- 
wayman; Deborah, Apr., 1713; Caleb, July, 1715 (2). 

2. Caleb, (s. of 1). This is probably the one who ra. 
Sarah Ransom, and settled in Middleboro', and had 6 sons 
and 3 das., and only two. George and Caleb, left issue. 
George, (the 5th son,) b. 1754, a soldier of the Revolutionary 
war, and Capt. of artillery, removed to Canterbury, Ct., then 
to Amiierst, Mass., and d. at Bangor, Me., 1822, ast. 68, hav- 
ing had by his wife Mary Foster, 4 sons and 4 das., and of 
these William D. grad. at Brown University, 1804, Judge 
of Probate, Me., author of a history of Maine, and d. May 
27, 1846. New Eng. Hist. & Geneal. Reg. 1. p. 90. 

Note. George (No. 1,) was perhaps a descendant of Mr. George, of 
whom we only know that he accompanied Capt. Standish on his first inter- 
view with Massasoit, Mar. 22, 1621. A Caleb, commanded a company 
under Col. Church, perhaps the one of Barnstable, who m. Mary Cobb, 3 
May, 1687, and had Mary, Sarah, Martha, Timothy, and Ebenezer. (N. 
E. H. & G. Reg. ii, 198.) George (No. 1) may have been at sometime 
resident in Harwich. Abigail of M., ra. Wm. Tolman of Scituate, June 
23, 1740; Timothy ra. Sarah Peterson, Dec. 3, 1767. Alexander and 
Timothy Williams, were in M., 1643 ; Timothy Williamson kept an ordi- 
nary there in 1673, and a Mary Williamson one in 1678. 


1. John, Dux., 1640, had land N. W. of North hill, and 50 
acres at Namasakeeset; sold his estate to Wm. Pabodie, 1657; 


sold land to R. Barker, 1665 ; removed to Bridgew. ; a deacon 
there; m. Elizabeth fHodgkins], widow of Wm. Palmer, Jr.; 
had John, Nat/iatiicl. Jonathan, Comfort, Benjamin, Han- 
nah m. rs'athl. Hay ward ; Elizabeth m. a Harvey ; Sarah m. 
John Ames. 

2. Nathaniel, Lawrence, Jonathan, and Francis were 
brothers of Mo. 1. Of Jonathan, we find in the Col. Rec. 
"Jonathan Willis, who is at Dnxbnry for cure, shall not be 
maintained by Duxbury, but by ^Sandwich, whence he came." 

3. Richard, servt. of John Barnes, next of Thomas Prence, 
1634, then lived in Dux., 1638, m. Amy Glass, Oct. 11, 1639, 
Plymouth, 1640, and Richard (prob. son) m. Patience Bonum 
of Plymouth, 1670. 

4. Jerebiiah, a youth at Dux. in 1638, brought before the 
Court for being disorderly, and the same ordered to procure 
himself a master. Vide Mitchell's Bridgewater. 

Note. Eliakim of Dartmouth, ni. Lydia Fish of Dux., July 20, 1738. 


Richard, Duxbury, able to bear arms, 1643. 


Gideon, Dux., m. Abigail Ripley, Feb. 25, 1767, had Wil- 
liam, July 11, 1768; Allen, Aug. 27, 1770. 

Note. Stephen was in Sandwich, and had Mercy, 1650 ; Jolm, Yar- 
mouth, had a son, "drowned in the snow," 1048. Col. Rec. 


1. Joshua, Dux., m. Hannah Delano, Dec. 3, 1772, she d. 
Sep. 16, 1778, oet. 29, m. 2d, Mrs. Salome Delano, 17S0, who 
d. Sep. 23, 1781, set. 35. 

2. Edward, (s. of — ,) Dux., m. Phebe, and he d. May 29, 
1803, and had Edtcard, Nov. 8, 1769, who m. Rebecca, who 
was b. Dec. 10, 1770, and she d. Sep. 11, 1835, a3t. 64, and 
had George, 1796, d. 1798, Betsy, 1798, d. Sep. 5, 1817, 
George, Nov. 29, 1800, Polly, Aug. 12, 1802, d. Jan. .30, 1831, 
Seth, 1805, d. Mar. 7, 1828, Samuel, Sep. 26, 1808, Rebecca 
E., 1811, d. Dec. 9, 1826. 

Note. George m. Sarah G. Thomas 1781 ; Mchetahel d. March 5, 1791, 
set. 86. 

WINSOR. 339 


1. Joseph, (his name sometimes spelt Windsor) Lynn,* re- 
moved to Sandwich 1537, and in 163S he was presented to the 
Court "for keeping house alone disorderly, after half a yeares 
warneing or tliereabouts," but was released June 4, 1639 ; he 
bought land there of Thomas Chillingworth, and in 1639 was 
ordered to give it up to public use, the town allowing a fair 
compeusation ; he is mentioned in 1641, and in 1643 is able 
to bear arms in Sandwich, and took the oath of fidelity 1657. 
—Col. Rec. 

2. Walter. We find this in the Col. Rec. under 1671 : — 
"Walter Winser for selling liquor to the Indians fined five 
pounds, but on consideration of some particulars about it, it 
was abated to thirty shillings." — Rec. Vol. nii. 

3. Robert, Boston, lived on Ann street, next to John Bate- 
man. In the Suffolk Deeds, II. 343, is his acknowledgment 
of debt (£64) to Capt. Scottow, and an assignment of his house 
and land, dated Jan. 24, 1656, and cancelled 1693-4. And on 
p. 333 is a deed from Capt. S. to R. Winsor, of the estate, hav- 
ing the Conduit street on east and west sides, and towards the 
flats on the east. This last is dated Jan. 2, 1656. He was 
a blockmaker and turner. His will is dated April 24, 1679, 
and gives his property to his wife Rebecca, and was proved 
on the 15th of the May following, so that he d. in April or 
May 1679. His estate amounted to £207, including house 
and land £150. His chd. were Thomas^ Sept. 30, 1652, d. 
July 8, 1654; Rebecca, Dec. 10. 1654; Constance, May 7, 
1657; Thomas, Oct. 1, 1659 (4) ;' Sarah, May 7, 1662 ; Sam- 
vel, Sept. IS, 1664; Lydia, Aug. 1, 1666, and John, April 22, 

4. Thobias, (s. of3;) Boston, among the taxable inhabi- 
tants of Boston 1695 ; m. Rachel, and had chd. JosJina and 
Caleb (gemini) Dec. 29, 1692 ; Rebecca, March 19, 1697 ; 
Robert, April 16, 1699: Mary,"^ March 24, 1700. 

A Thomas Windsor, Boston, m. Hannah Johnson 12 May, 

* Lewis (Hist. Lynn) gives a John Winsor, who removed from Lynn to 
Sandwich 1637. 

f Probably the one who m. Solomon Jones of Hull, Nov. 17, 1720. 
Their chd.— were Rachel July 1, 1723; Sarah Oct. 22, 1724; Elizabeth 
June 15, 1726 ; Rebecca Jan. 3, 1727-8 ; Leah Feb. 12, 1729 ; Hannah, 
Dec. 10, 1731 ; Mercy April 6, 1734 ; Thomas Jan. 10, 1735-6 ; Solomon 
March 17, 1737, d. Dec. 25, 1738. 

A widow Mary Jones (prob. of Solomon) m. John Haydcn, resident of 
Long Island (prob. the one in Boston haibor), July 19, 1761, by Rev. Sa- 
muel A^eazie. — Information of C. J. F. Binncy, Esij. 

340 WINSOR. 

1725, had Thomas May 26, 1726, and Hannah July IS, 1729. 
— A Thomas Windsor of Boston, m. EHzabeth Moor 24 Sept. 
1747. She d. the next year, and he received letters granting 
administration on her estate Sept. 6, 1748. By the inventory 
of her estate it appears they owned a house and land at the 
North-end together, valued at £500. He was a sliipwrieht. 

Rachel Winsor (perhaps a da. of 4, or possibly his widow,) 
m. George Lewis at Boston July 31, 1717. 

5. John, Boston; he d. about 1066, and an inventory of his 
estate (£20) was taken Feb. 15, 1666-7; his wife Mary sur- 
vived. They had Martha, Aug. 22, 1667. 

Mary (possibly his widow, or perhaps a da.) m. Benjamin 
Tour 29 Aug. 1691. 

6. Joshua, was b. 1648, possibly a son of Robert, No. 3 ; 
admitted a freeman May 8, 1678 ; a member of the 2d church 
in Boston ; constable of Boston 1686 ; one of the taxable in- 
habitants 1695; he d. Nov. 1717; his will is dated Nov. 19, 
1717, and the inventory taken Dec. 6 — the amount was £214. 
His wife Sarah survived. He had Wifliam, Nov. 26, 1672, d. 
young; Sarah, Nov. 3, 1673, m. Mr. Alexander Sherard,* and 
d. before her father, leaving a family; Williain Sept. 3, 1679; 
Joshua Nov. 7, 1679, d. young; Joshua j\larch 16, 1684; 
Elizabeth Dec. 23, 1689. The father's will names a daugh- 
ter, Rebecca Wilkinson, who was then living in his house. 
She m. 1st Thomas Leverett, a barber, who d. June 1706, and 
she m. 2d Edward Wilkinson Dec. 4, 1712. Her first hus- 
band is called in the settlement of the estate (£198) Mr. Tho- 
mas Hudson Leverett. 

7. Robert, (s. of — ,) according to Hutchinson, he and his 
wife died in 1717, both aged over 70, and were buried in one 

8. Peter Winsor, (s. of-,) Boston, m. 1st, Elizabeth Smith 
31 Nov. 1721 ; m. 2d, Martha Tucker 1 Oct. 1733 ; m. 3d, Sa- 
rah Nottage June 1, 1738. 

Sarah Winsor, widow (probably of Peter), died in Boston 
1770, and widow ]\Iary Brintnal was chosen to administier on 
her estate (£52) March 23, 1770. 

Note. In the Boston Town Records, under date of 1708, Mr. Winsor'' s 
wareliouse is mentioned, as being near the dock, at the end of Fishmarket 

* He m. a second wife, Bethia, to whom he gave in his will jClOO and 
his negro girl Esther Ned. This instrument was dated June 5. 1721. He 
mentions his das. Sarah Vering and Hannah, and his sons Windsor, b. 
1700, Thomas b. 170.3, and Joshua b. 1706. Mr. Sherrar, as the name 
was sometimes spelt, lived on (.'oriihill, and also owned a warehouse and 
land at the Dock, and also land in Windham, Ct. His executors were Jon- 
athan Williams, Nicholas Battolph and Joseph Thorne. 

WINSOR. 341 

street. The house of Capt. Winsor is also mentioned in Ann street, near 
Mrs. Pemberton's. 

9. William. I have been able to learn nothing concerning 
the father of the first of the name in Duxbnry, except from 
vague tradition, which says he bore this name — "William, 
and that he came to Boston from Devonshire, Eng., and soon 
after m. a second wife, Betsy Smith, and that his chd. were 
Samuel (10). who went to Duxbury, and who was by his first 
wife, and William, who was a jeweller, and remained in Bos- 
ton, where he d. without children; and Peter, who was never 
married, but went to the West Indies, where he died. 

Possibly the tradition may have reference to Peter (S), whose 
first wife was Elizabeth, alias Betsy Smith. 

10. Samuel, (s. of 9,) was the first of the name in Dux- 
bnry, and was born May 14, 1725, settled on Clark's Island 
in Dux. bay. The site of his house was a few rods north- 
west of the present building. Here he built several small 
vessels, and here several of his children were born. He next 
removed and built a house on the southern slope of Captain's 
hill. He m. Feb. 18, 1746, Rhoda Delano; she died June 1, 
1799; and he died May 22, 1770, set. 4-5 years; they had 
chd. — Nathaniel, Jan. 15, 1747(11): Joshua^ May 1, 1749 
(12); SamueL Aug. 31, 1751 (13): William, Jan. 27, 1753 
(14): Jo/w, Aug. 31, 1756(15): James, July 19, 17.59, d. 
Feb. 21, 1767 -^Peter, Aug. 21, 1761 (16); Bhoda, June 5, 
1764, m. Amos Brown, Jan. 1, 1784; Betsy, Feb. 3, 1768, m. 
Job Sampson; James, Mar. 17, 1770 (17). 

11. Nathaniel, (s. of 10,) Dux.; m. Jan. 19, 1768, Olive 
Soule; she d. Oct. 28, 1833, 8ct. 85, and he d. Oct. 17, 1839, 
set. 93, and was buried in one grave with his wife; had chd. 
— Weallhea, Oct. 17, 1769, m. Isaac Little of Pembroke, and 
had Wealthea m. Hon. Seth Sprague, Jr. of Dux., Olive m. Rev. 
Hiram Weston, Sally m. Isaac Barker, Isaac, Lydia, Ann m. 
Geo. Frazar of Dux., Betsy ra. Benj. Standish, Otis m. Betsy 
Hoskins, and Samuel m. Elizabeth Simmons ; Silvina, June 
19, 1771, m. Capt. Eliphalet Waterman; Mahala m. Zenith 
Wadsworth ; Olive and Nat/uniiel (18) (gemini), Sep. 8, 
1775, Olive d. July 31, 1776; iSalli/, d. Oct. 7, 1778; Samuel 
(19); SaUy m. 1st, Capt. Thomas Herrick,* Sep., 1805, m. 
2d, Rev. Thomas Asbury, now living in Columbus, Ohio; 
Martin (20) ; Pctsij m. David Turner; Nancij., Dec. 27, 1788, 
m. Capt. John Howland. 

* He came from Gloucester, was a shipmaster, and d. at Richmond, Ya., 
in 1814, aet. 40. He was the son of Wm. Haskell Herrick, who d. 1806, 
and who was the son of Thomas (d. 1784), the son of Thomas, Esq. (d. 
at Gloucester, 1787, st. 73). His descent can be traced to Robert Eyrick, 
livins in England, 1450. — Herrick Genealogies, by Gen. Jedediah Herrick, 
Bangor, 1846. 

342 WINSOR. 

12. Joshua, (s. of 10.) Dux. ; m. Olive Thomas, who was 
b^Dec. 28, 1752, m. 2d, Ruth Thomas, who was b. June 14, 
1755, m. 3d, Deborah Fish, who was b. Dec. 11, 1756, and d. 
May 6, 1843: he d. in 1827. and had chd. — Lucy, May 17, 
1775, m. Saml. Delano; Judith, Sep. 11, 1778, m. Dr. Kufus 
Hathaway ; T/ioitias, July 22, 178U (21) ; Se(h, Apr. 5, 1782, 
m. Betsy Hunt, Sep. 30, 1802: Joseph, May 6, 1788 (22); 
George, Mar. 14, 1790 (23); Hannah, May 20, 1785, m. Sol- 
omon Washburn ; Ellis, May 29, 1797. There were two 
who d. young, Charles, Dec. 9, 1776, and Olive, June 18, 1786. 

13. Samuel, (s. of 10,) Dux.; m. Acenith Hunt, Nov. 3, 
1774, who d. Sep. 26, 1835 ; he d. Aug. 26, 1835. He had 
John, Aug. 5, 1775 (24); Speticer, May 10, 1779 (25); 
Charles, Sep. 17, 1781 (26) ; Abigail, Oct. 2, 1784, m. Josiali 
Morton; Ods, July 12, 1787 (27); Lewis. July 24, 1790 
(28); Alden, Feb.' 2, 1793 (29); Sarah Barker, Jan. 13, 
1799, m. Henry Louden of Pembroke; and one other Charles, 
b. Oct. 12, 1778, d. young. 

14. William, (s. of 10.) Dux.; m. Anne Hunt, July 23, 
1775; m. 2d, Priscilla Delano, Mar., 1795; had Melzar ; 
Sally m. Bartlett Holmes: Waity m. Bradford Freeman, Apr., 
1802; Clark, May 3, 1783 (30); William, Sep. 18, 1785 
(31); Nancy m. Saml. Chandler; Mary m. John Alden; 
Rhoda m. Chas. Sampson, m. 2d, Mr. Gerrish, 

15. John, (s. of 10.) Dux.; m. Nancy Thomas, Nov. 6, 
1778; had Charlotte, Fanny, J^ucy, Susan, and Williatn 
Thomas, all unm. ; Capt. Isaac (32); Nancy m. Mr. Beals of 
Abington ; Capt. Benjamin (33). 

16. Peter, (s. of 10,) Dux., removed to K. ; m. Deborah 
Delano, Oct. 27, 1783, who d. Jan. 11, 1785, eet. 21; m. 
Charlotte Delano; he d. Apr. 19, 1845, set. S3; had yCenas 
(34) ; Charlotte m. Mr. Coney of N. Carolina, and settled in 
Med ford; and William. 

17. James, (s. of 10,) Dux.; in. Sarah Gray of Scituate; 
had Samncl Gray, Oc\. 30, 1780(35); Capt. George, /Sov. 
20, 1792 (36) ; Capt. Ilosea, Aug. 29, 1794, m. Lucia JPrior, 
and had Charles L., July 4, 1824, d. Sep. 25, 1825, and Sarah 
J., Dec. 30, 1835; Sophia, Y)ec. 20, 1796; Sarah, Feb. 21, 
1799, in. Joseph Prior; James, Apr. 24, 1801, d. Mar. 4, 
1818; Abigail, Dec. 23, 1803, m. Josiah ]Morton ; Eleanor, 
Apr. 23, 1804, m. Capt. Church Weston; and Mary Saun- 
ders, June 17, 1809, m. Mr. Cushing of Scituate. 

18. Nathaniel, (s. of 11.) Dux.; m. Hannah Loring, Dec 
9, 1800; and had chd. — 6V7>/. Gershom, Nov. 23, 1801, m 
jane Winsor. Oct. 14, 1827, and he d. at sea, oil' Cape Hat- 
teras, Feb. 12, 1841, and had Horace Edwin, May 18, 1829, 

WINSOR. 343 

Florence Gregory. Aug. 15, 1832. Ada Jane, Aug. 17, 1834, 
Pauline, Mar.l2; 1830, and Gershom Crayton, Feb. 19, 1840; 
Capt. Daniel Lor'nig-, July 7, 1804, m. Sally Bartlett Samp- 
son, and had Georgianna Lloyd, Feb. 24, 1830, d. Aug. 20, 
1841, and George Lloyd, Aug. 14, 1843; iVaihaniel, June 30, 
1806, a merchant of Boston, m. Ann Thomas Rowland, Apr. 5, 
1829, and has had Justin, Jan. 5, d. Jan. 8, 1830, Justin. Jan. 
2, 1831. Arthur Herbert, Mar. 2, 183-5, d. Dec. 8, 1837, Cor- 
delia Herbert. Mar. 11, 1839, d. Apr. 15, 1842, Cordelia 
Arthur, May 22, 1842; Elizabeth, July 25, 1808, m. Capt. 
Erastus Sampson; Alari/, Aug. 18, 1810, m. Lloyd Granville 
Sampson, who d. July 6, 1838; Edward, Apr. 28, 1813, Bos- 
ton, m. Harriet B. Sprague, Sep. 7, 1835, and has had Parker, 
Aug. 16. 1836. Gustavus Adolphus, Jan. 15, 1838, Georgiana 
Lloyd, May 14, 1842, and Edward Spragi:e, June 22, 1846; 
Gustavus, Dec. 5, 1814, d. Jan. 31, 1836; Samuel Loring, 
Dec. 19, 1816, of Boston; Capt. Charles Frederick, May 7, 
1819, m. Mary Ann Weston ; and Henry, Apr. 22, 1826. 

19. Capt. Samuel, (s. of 11,) Dux. ; m. Olive Chandler, 
Oct. 22, 1801, and he d. at Jamaica (Kingston), Mar. 24, 
1805, set. 26 years; had Maria, Nov. 9, 1800, m. Saml. Fra- 
zar ; Eliza, Oct. 21, 1802, m.John Holmes; Samuel, Aug. 1, 

20. Capt. Martin, (s. of 11.) Dux.; m. Hannah Rogers; 
and has had Capt. Albert Martin, Oct. 13, 1807, m. Augusta 
Merry, and has had Olive Soule, and Lysander, who d. 
young, and Olive Soule, now living; Susan, ixxXy 10, 1809, 
m. Capt. Thomas Winsor ; Caroline, Aug. 28, 1811, m. Capt. 
George Prior; Augusta, Dec. 2, 1815, m. Elijah Baker; and 
Olive Soule, Nov. 17, 1824, and d. June 14, lb35. 

21. Thomas, (s. of 12.) went to Boston, m. Wealthea 
Sprague, and had Henry, Dec. 31, 1803, merchant of Boston, 
m. Mary Ann Davis, May 29, 1832; Jane, July 31, 1805, m. 
Capt. Gershom Winsor; Seth, Sep. 31, 1807; Capt. Thomas, 
Aug. 22, 1809, m. Susan Winsor, and has Thomas Irving, 
Sep. 11, 1841, Arthur Austin, Sidney Edgar; Alfred, Apr. 9, 
1811, merchant of Boston, m. Ann Maria Bird, Apr. 11, 1833, 
now resides in Brookline, and has Helen. Mary Percival, 
Alfred, Frank, Rufus: Edwi?i. Nov. 5, 1812, d. Sep. 9, 1813; 
Harriet, May 25, 1816, m. Richard Soule, Jr. ; Elizabeth 
Hale, Apr. 14, 1818, m.John Bird; Judith, Aug. 1, 1820; 
Rufus, d. Sep. 27, 1842 ; and Frederic. 

22. Joseph, (s. of 12,) Dux., removed to Boston ; m. 1st, Ly- 

dia Sampson, m. 2d, Betsy Sprague, m. 3d, ; and 

has had Capt. Allen Sept. 13, 1811 ; Ruth Thomas March 15, 
1813, m. Mr. Bird: Lucia June 4, 1815 ; Maria Sept. 19, 1817, 
d. Oct. 3, 1817 ; Joseph May 6, 1819 ; Sarah Ann Sept. 13, 

344 WINSOR. 

1821; Frederic Up ham Aug. 6, 1823, d. Nov. Il,"l824; So- 
phia ; Hannah. 

23. Capt. George, (s. of 12,) Dux., m. Alice Turner, and 
has had Geor sre Au^. 12, 1812, m. Mary Thomas, who d. Jan. 
2.5, 1836, m. 2d, Deborah Thomas, who d. July 23, 1839, m. 
3d, Abieail. and has had George A. 30 May, 1834. Henry F. 
Jan. 1, 1836, Deborah July 23, 1839, d. July 24, 1839, Debo- 
rah Dec. 24, 1812; James April 14, 1817, ni. a Gushing; 
Joshua ^ept. 21, 1819, has had Corinda April 13, 1841, and 
Joshua F. April 21, 1842 : Lorenzo Dow Jan. 4, 1822 ; Lucy 
Alice Nov. 11, 1824; William W. Aug. 28, 1829. 

24. John, (s. ofl3,) Dux., m. Martha Howitt of N.Carolina, 
and had St/lcanus H. April 24, 1800, d. Aug. 19. 1836 ; Mar- 
garet April 7. 1806 ; William. W. Nov. 29, 181 1, m. Elizabeth 
Simmons; 3/a/7/?r/, April 26, 1814, d. Jan. 18, 1834; Harriet 
Hall Sept. 17, 1817, ni. Thomas Verge; Bailey D. Aug. 24. 
1820 ; John M. Aug. 28, 1824. 

25. Spencer, (s. of 13,) Dux., m. Charlotte Howitt of N. 
Carolina; he d. Oct. 30, 1835; had Lydia Jan. 12, 1801, d. 
Jan. 19, 1836; Charles June 18, 1804, d. Oct. 19, 1835 ; Alden 
Dec. 21, 1806; Richard July 4, 1808, m. Deborah Weston, 
and has had Arabella, March 19, 1843: Elizabeth Noyes Dec. 
18, 1811, d. Dec. 12, 1815; C harlot! e'^iiw 10, 1815; Eliza- 
beth Noyes March 25, 1818. d. Oct. 31, 1835; Mary Ann Sep. 
4, 1820 ; Lucy Ladonia and Maria Louisa (gemini) Feh. 17, 
1823, Lucy L. d. Sept. 24, 1835; Spencer T. Sept. 14, 1826; 
Calvin Gardner Sept. 17, 1829 ; and Harriet, who d. Sept. 19, 

26. Charles, (s. of 13,) Dux., m. Beulah Wadsworth; had 
Eden Aug. 4, 1806, m. Lucy Weston: Emily July 15, 1808, 
rn. Thos. Waterman llerrick : Nana/ July 2, 1810; Acenith 
Aug. 14, 1813, d. Sept. 5, 1835: Hiram Nov. 10, 1814, m. 
Sally Baker, m. 2d Lydia Delano; Whitman July 31, 1818; 
liuby Soule Feb. 17, 1821, d. Mar. 13, 1837; Abby 0/a5 April 
11, 1823. m. Henrv Wadsworth ; Laura Ann Oct. 28, 1825 ; 
Helen Mar Oct. 10, 1827, m. Mr. Burbeck ; Clara Aug. 31, 
1829, m. Rufus Holmes. 

27. Capt. Otis, (s. ofl3,) Dux., m. Kesia Sampson ; had 
Catharine W. Oct. 4, 1811, d. May 26, 1821; Ezra Morton 
April 2, 1813, d. at sea; Otis Oct. 19, 1815, m. Julia Hunt; 
Samuel Oct. 21, 1817, d. at sea ; and Kesia Jan. 15, 1820, m. 
Francis Cooper. 

28. Lewis, (s. of 13,) Dux., m. Lydia Howitt; had did. 
Adriana Oct. 23, 1818, m. Mr. llulchins; Lewis April 31, 
1821; Mahala Allen Nov. 1823, m. Edwin Peterson: Henry 
Otis Dec. 15, 1825; Aug-ustus March 2, 1829; Lydia Nov. 
23, 1830. 

WINSOR. 345 

29. Alden, (s. of 13,) Dux., m. Eliza Perkins ; had Catharine 
Aug. 21, 1821 ; Maria Oct. 31, 1822; Harvey July 3, 1824; 
Eliza Ann March 15, 1828 ; Susan B. Feb. 26, 1831 ; Sam- 
uel Alden March 22, 1836 ; James E. Sept. 23, 1840. 

30. Clark, (s. of 14,) Dux., m. Mary Chandler, who was 
b. Sept. 6, 1785; had Mary Ann Sept. 2, 1806; Elbridge 
Aug. 20, 1808; Hira^n July 30, 1810, d. March 19, 1812; 
Lydia Feb. 10, 1813, d. Dec#17, 1814; William C. Nov. 2, 

1815 ; Elizabeth H. July 16, IS20- Samuel T. June 16, 1826. 

31. William, (s. of 14,) Dux., m. Sophia Chandler, who 
was b. Mar. 30, 1789; had Erastus July 9, 1809; Seth Aug. 
6, 1813 ; William Oct. 3, 1806. 

32. Capt. Isaac, (s. of 15,) Dux., m. Betsy Howitt, and he 
d. Nov. 28, 1848, and had Frances Dec. 28, 1815, m. Rev. 
(now Elder) William Harlow; Betsy Sajider son June 21, 1819; 
Lucian May 15, 1825. 

33. Capt. Benjamin, (s. of 15,) Dux., d. June 10, 1842 ; m. 
Hannah Freeman, and had Claudius Sept. 30, 1828; Eiidora 
June 19, 1832 ; Edward, and Benjamin. 

34. Capt. Zenas, (s. of 16,) Dux., m. Lucinda Wadsworth 
1806, and has had Alexander Aug. 11, 1811 ; Zenas Oct. 8, 

1816 ; Deborah Jan. 26, 1808, m. Henry Brooks ; Lucinda 
Nov. 7, 1813; Jerusha R. Dec. 21, 1819; Lamelia June 7. 
1825; Helen C. Feb. 6, 1823, d. Oct. 8, 1842. 

35. Samuel Gray, (s. of 17.) Dux., m. Lydia Delano, and 
had Elizabeth Dec. 10. 1812 {Daniel H. Oct. 14, 1814 ; Maria 
June 13, 1817; Samuel Jan. 28, 1822; Elbridge Feb. 18, 
1824 ; Harrison Gray Dec. 28, 1825, d. Dec. 25, 1826. 

36. Capt. George, (s. of 17,) Dux., m. Hannah Delano; 
had Frances James July 22. 1820, m. John Drew 1848; 
George H. April 8, 1823, d. July 22, 1824: George H. July 
23, 1826 ; Walter June 11, 1829 ; Eugene Adolphus July 17, 
1831 ; Julius Augustus Jan. 17, 1834. 

Note. The name and family of Windsor, in England, are very ancient. 
The name of the town (whence comes the family name) is said to have 
been derived from the winding shore of the river at that place ; and we find 
it early written Windleshore, then Windshore, Windsore, Windsor. In 
William the Conqueror's time, the town and castle came into the royal pos- 
session, and in his reign, we find Walter Fitz-Other, castellan or gov- 
ernor of Windsor castle, and from thence, we are informed, he assumed the 
name of Walter De Windsor, and he is the ancestor of the family of 
Windsor. He is said to have been the son of Sir Other, the son of 0th- 
oere, who some say derived his descent from ancestors in the kingdom of 
Norway, and was living, a powerful prince in K. Alfred's reign. Walter, 
above, bore arms, as some say, "Gules a saltire argent," or as others 


346 WINSOR. 

affirm, " Arpent a sallire gules;" and the different arms of the family 
down to the present time are hut modifications of the same. His sons were 
William DeWindsor, Robert DeWindsor and Gerald Fitz- Walter. GeraWs 
descendant have not the name of Windsor, but he is ancestor of the family of 
Filzgeralds, and the houses of Leicester and Kildare. Robert is progenitor 
of the Windsors, Lords of Estaines. WiUiam DeWindsor succeeded his 
father as castellan of Windsor Castle and Berkshire Forest. The family seat 
was Stanwell, county of Middlesex, unt^ they removed (temp. Henry VIII,) 
to Bordsley Abbey. He is ancestor of a numerous family, including the Lords 
of the Barony of Windsor. Frmn this son, it is presumed, (though as yet 
I have not fixed with certainty their position) are descended the Windsors 
(Winsors) of Boston and Duxbury. A remarkable similarity of Christian 
names, between the first American generations, and the cotemporary Eng- 
lish families gave rise to the conjecture. The names of Peter, Robert, 
William and Thomas, appear in both branches. 

We learn by a proclamation of King James in 1590, that he returned 
from Denmark, "honorably accompanied with divers persons of honour," 
and among this retinue, as one of the " gentlemen of Denmark " stands 
the name of Owh Winsour. — Rymer's Foedera. 

In the London directories the names, both of Windsor, and Winsor occur. 
I think there have been Windsors in INIaryland. 

Joshua Winsor was the ancestor of the family of Rhode Island, con- 
cerning which there appeared in 1847, a pamphlet of twelve pages, entitled 
"A Genealogical Account oC the ancient Winsor family in the United 
Slates ; collected principally from records in the several branches thereof, 
introduced by an account of their progenitors in the male line, for several 
generations previous to the emigration to America. By the late Olney 
Winsor." By this it appears Joshua arrived at Providence, 1638, and 
was son of Samuel, son of John, son of Samuel, son of Robert, a Roman 
Catholic knight (temp. Henry YIII). Here again we notice the same 
names common to the Boston and Duxbury branches. Joshua's children 
were Samuel, Sarah, Susanna and Mary. This Mary m. Jonathan Gary, 
son of James Gary, who d. at Charlestown, in 1681. Jonathan was a deacon' 
of the Charlestown church, and d. 1737, set. 92 years. His children were 
Jonathan, Samuel, James, Freelove and Abigail. Vide Alden Epitaphs, ii. 


1. William, b. IGOO, arrived UVM, removed to Dux. 1638; 
purchased a house and land of Edward Hall, between Rev. 
R. Partridge's farm and Nicholas Robinson's: had a grant, 
1611), northwest of North hill; also had land at North river, 
and at Namasalceeset ; ad. 16.58; removed to Scituate, settled 
there as pastor of the second clnirch, and d. Apr. 9, 1684. 
did.; Samuel, John, Theophihis, Daniel, Mary, Elizabeth, 
Sarah and Hannah. — Sec Dcanc's Scituatc. 


2. Charles, Dux., of late years; m. Anne, and had Ann, 
Acenith, Sally, Judith, Charles and Reuben. 


1. James, Scituate, 1638; removed to Duxbury; had 
Josiah, Dux., 1G70; Joh7i m. Mary Barrows, Jan. 9, 1698, d. 
at Bridgewater, 1711. 

2. Joseph (s. of — ,) Scituate, m. Mirriam; d. a. 1661, and 
ho-d Josiah ; SaraJi; Hester. 

A Joseph was a carpenter of Boston, 1650. William of 
Boston, m. Sarah, and had Mary, May 1, 1704. Sarah m. 
Wm. Cullove, 14 July. 1715. — Boston Records. 

3. JosiAH, (s. of 1 or 2,) Dux. ; m. Patience Sherman, Jan. 
15, 1695; had Josiah^ who d. without issue; Mehetabel m. 
Cliristopher Wadsworth, 1713; Mercy m. Wm. Merry, Oct. 
28, 1720; Samuel {o); Ichabod {6). 

4. Ebenezer, (s. of 7) Dux.; m. Elizabeth Briggs, Apr. 22, 
1717; had Kesia, Feb. 21, 1718, m. Isaac Tinckham, July 
26, 1739; Beihj, Mar. 1, 1720; Abiah, May 4, 1725. 

5. Samuel, (s. of 3,) Dux. ; m. Mary Forrest, Jan. 27, 
1737, she survived him ; had Azubah, m. Thomas Delano, 
Dec. 23, 1762 ; Patience m. John Soule, Jan. 11, 1759. 

6. IcHABOD, (s. of 3,) Dux.; m. Lydia Delano, Dec. 13, 
1736; had Ichabod ; Desire. 

Note. Hannah, 1674, d. July 7, 1758, aet. 84 ; Grace, 1679, d. Nov. 
25, 1757, set. 78 ; Lydia m. Ebenezer Delano, May 16, 1745. There was 
a. John in Bridgevv., m. Mary Bryant, 1729, and had Joseph, Benjamin, 
and John ; Sarah (Bridgew.,) m. Nehemiah Allen, 1707. Hist. Bridgew. 

Note. The abbreviation (Ft. has in the foregoing pages been used for 
aged, the meaning of the full form cc/atis being now so generally lost sight 
of in the abbreviation, that the author has found that the usages of his au- 
thorities have so conflicted in regard to it, that discrimination of the true 
meaning of the authority was in some cases almost impossible. When it 
has been satisfactorily ascertained that there had been a proper use of the 
abbreviation, the full form, " in the — year of his age" has generally been 


The Grant of Bridgevvater to the Inhabitants of Duxbury, was made to 
the following: persons, at that time (1645) of conrse residing in Duxbury, 
and they form the original proprietors of Bridgewater. Many of them 
removed thither, while others conveyed their grams to their sons, who set- 
tled there, and others sold, or otherwise disposed of them. 

William Bradford, John Paybody, John Irish, 

William Merrick, William Paybody, Philip Delano, 

John Bradford, Francis Sprague, Arthur Harris, 

Abraham Pierce, William Basset, Mr. John Alden, 

Jolin Rogers, John Washburn, John Fobrs, 

George Partridge, John Wasliburn, Jr., Samuel Nash, 

John Starr, John Ames, Abraham Sampson, 

Mr. William Collier, Thomas Gannct, George Soule, 

Christopher Wadsworth, William Brdt, Krpcricnce Mitchell, 

Edward Hall, Edmund Hunt, Henry Howland, 

Nicholas Robbins, William Clark, Henry Sampson, 

Thomas Ilayirard, William Ford, Jolin Brown, 

Nathaniel Willis, Mr. Const. South worth, John Jlauard, 

John Willis, John Cary, Francis West, 

Thomas Boney, Edmund Weston, William Tubbs, 

Mr. Miles Standish,^ Samuel Tompkins, James Lindall, 

Love Brewster, Edmund Chandler, ■,.. Samuel Eaton, 

Mr. Ralph Partridge, Moses Simmons, ^ Solomon Leonard. 

Note. Those in italics afterwards removed to Bridgewater. 


The following list of vessels, which have been wrecked on Duxbury 
beach, is given, without any pretensions to completeness, and are only such 
as have been remembered ijy persons now living. 

Nov. 25, 179'J, tlie .shij) Rodnty, of London, of between four ;ind five 
hundred tons, Capt. Whytock, was cast ashore on the Branches lodge in a 
northeast storm, (m her passage from Boston for Martinique, and loaded 
with lumber and brick. No lives were lost. ('apt. Sanuii'l Delano, Jr., 


of Duxbury, while endeavoring to render her assistance, scarcely escaped 
drowning, and for his heroic conduct was rewarded by the Humane Society 
with a gold medal. Her passengers were rescued by a sloop, and among 
their number were several females, the Captain's family. — See Delano^ s 

In March, 1792, the ship Columbia, of three hundred tons, of Portland, 
Capt. Isaac Chauncy, w-as stranded on the beach at the High Pines, and 
fourteen men lost, and two, the second mate and a boy, were saved. 

In April, 1801, a sloop was wrecked, and three men drowned and two 
saved . 

A few years after, a Swedish brig was driven upon the beach in a storm, 
and all the crew saved. By the aid of a force from Duxbury, she was soon 
got oiT; but shortly after was again driven on by another gale, when she 
was again floated and carried into Duxbury for repairs. Her crew remain- 
ed in Duxbury all winter ; and one of their holidays, which they celebrated 
during their stay, attracted considerable attention, and afforded some delight 
to the towns-people. This brig was bound for Boston, from the Mediter- 

A year or two after this, the brig Pomona was wrecked on Branches 
Island, at the north end of the beach. 

A Portland schooner, loaded with molasses, from the West Indies. 

And, a few years ago, a lumber schooner, from the Eastward, when two 
boys were lost. 


Mr. Thomas Prince, it is related, established the first yard, for building 
vessels, in the town. This was on the western shore of the Nook, directly 
opposite to Mr. William Soule's, and here was built the first vessel that 
was ever raised in the town, now about one hundred and thirty years since. 
It was a sloop, and constructed mostly of wild cherry, which was consider- 
ably used at that time, and found to be very durable. Alexander Weston, 
the grandfather of the first Ezra Weston, served an apprenticeship with 
him. ":::-— •-'^ir!'^ 

The second was Mr. Israel Sylvester's, where lately was Mr. Frazar's. 

The third was conducted by Mr. Benjamin Freeman at Harden Hill. 

The fourth was Mr. Perez Drew's. 

The fifth was established by Messrs. Samuel Winsor and Samuel Drew, 
on the Nook shore, to the vvestward of Captain's Hill, where Mr. Winsor 
resided, in the house since known as the "Ned Southworth " house. In 
this yard the first large vessels were built. Mr. Winsor previously resided 
at Clark's Island, and here on the southern end built several vessels. 

The sixth was Mr. Isaac Drew's, who built at the Nook, and carried on 
the business for upwards of fifty years. 

During the last half century or more, the following are those who have 
been most extensively engaged in this business : — Captains Sylvanus and 
Joseph Drew, on the north side of Bluefish river; on the south side, Mr. 
Levi Sampson at the bridge ; and adjoining, on the east, Mr. Ezra Weston ; 
and, still further to the, Capt. Samuel Delano. At tlie Mill-pond, Mr. 
Samuel A. Frazar on the north side, and Dea. George Loring on the 
south. Isaac Drew, James Southworth, and Joseph Wadsworth at the 
Nook. Benjamin Prior, Ezra Weston and Samuel Hall, near Harden Hill 
hay. Joshua Gushing and Seth Sprague on the easterly shore ; and John 
Oldham at Duck Hill. 


This business has of late years much decreased, owin? to want of timber 
near at hand, and the trouble and expense of procuring the materials from 
the eastward. At the present time, scarcely more than two or three vessels 
are built here per annum, and these olten of the smaller class. Until of 
late, vessels of the larg:est class have been built in Duxbury, and for supe- 
riority of model and excellence of workmanship have been justly praised. 

Most, if not nearly all of the inhabitants of the town, for the last half 
century, have been connected directly or indirectly, or at least dependent 
in some degree on the sea for support. Many of the inhabitants have been 
large ship-owners, and extensively engaged in the various branches of com- 
merce. The late Mr. Ezra Weston was distinguished as a successful mer- 
chant, and enjoyed the reputation of being the largest ship-owner in the 
country. Others might be named, who have held high rank as merchants, 
and been of considerable note in the mercantile community. 

A very large portion of the inhabitants have been engaged in the mer- 
chant service, and a considerable number have been Atlantic ship-masters. 
Fifteen or twenty years since, there were living in Duxbury forty-three 
ship- masters ; and within the recollection of a person then living, eleven 
had died. 

Although so large a number of vessels have belonged in past times to 
Duxbury, yet few other than the fishing vessels have ever frequented its 
harbor, as the port of the metropolis offers far superior advantages. 

The Fishing bvsiness has now engaged the attention of the inhabitants 
for nearly a century and a half, though of late years the aggregate of ton- 
nage engaged has been considerably less than was employed about ten or 
fifteen years since. 

Among the first who embarked in this enterprise, was Mr. Joshua Dela- 
no. Messrs. Joshua and Josiah Soule were also largely engaged in it, and 
their vessels were constantly employed in the proper season at Cape Sable. 
Three or four was then the usual number of vessels on the fishing-grounds, 
and this gradually continued to increase, receiving, however, some detri- 
ment during the Revolution, until about the years 1785 or 1780, when there 
were sent and belonging to Duxbury, sixty-Auir Bank fishermen, having an 
average of seventy tons, and an aggregate of about forty-five hundred. At 
this period Messrs. Nathaniel and .loshua Winsor were probably the most 
extensively engaged in the business, and for several years continued to be 
of the most enterprising of the inhabitants. 

Schooners, sloops and perhaps larger vessels were engaged in the ichale 
fishery from Duxbury as early as the beginning of the last century, and for 
some years quite a number of the inlial)itants were thus employed. Their 
resort was at first along the shore and between the capes ; but by the close 
of the first quarter of the century they had extended their grounds, and 
now the coast of Newfoundland became to be; generally fre(iiicnt(;d, and 
even as late as 1700, or perhaps later, vessels were employed in the Saint 
Lawrence gulf. 

On a iilank leaf in the account book of Mr. Joshua Soule of Duxbury, I 
find the following memorandum. — " Whale vieg begun, elisha cob sayled 
from hear March yo 4, from Plymouth y^ 7, 1729." 

It is now about sixty or seventy years since the firsi vliarf was built in 
Duxbury. This was constructed by Mr. Nathaniel Winsor, and was some 
years after enlarged, though it has since gone to decay. Ai)out two years 
after a .seconii one adjoining was built by Mr. .loshua Winsor, which is now 
standing. This afterward passed into the hands of Messrs. Levi Sampson, 
George Loring and Samuel A. Frazar, who sjold it to George and Amherst 


A. Frazar, and is now owned by Messrs. Sampson & Knowles. It has 
been once rebuilt. A few years after Mr. Ezra Weston's at Powder point 
was built. Ten or more years afterward followed Capt. Sainiud Winsor's 
on the easterly shore, and next Capt. Sylvanus Sampson's at Harden Hill 
bay. The two next were Capt. John Winsor's at Bluefish, and Samuel 
Walker's at the Nook, both of which are now decayed. Messrs. Reuben 
and Charles Drew's on the river was the next. The next one wa.s built by 
Zadock Bradford and Freeman Loring, near Harden Hill bay. 

Nearly seventy years ago, in 1784, the late Major Judah Alden estab- 
lished himself in Duxbury as a trader, and was the first one who carried on 
regularly that business. Previous to this some had enjoyed a lucrative 
business in furnishing to the fishermen their stores, provisions and other 
necessary articles, though in many instances these were provided by the 
owners themselves, who usually kept on hand asuificientstock, to enable them 
also to meet the wishes of their neighbors occasionally, thereby precluding 
an earlier existence of a regular trader in the town. Alexander Standish is 
said to have been a trader in Duxbury even as early as the latter part of the 
seventeenth century. He is said to have made an addition to the house of 
his father, Captain Standish, and in this part to have conducted his traffic with 
the Indians and others. In the remains of that part of the house articles 
have been found, which would serve to strengthen the tradition. 

Joshua Soule was also a trader in Duxbury, as early as 1728. The ac- 
count book of Mr. Soule, now before me, plainly shows that by far the most 
profitable sales of tbis period were those of intoxicating liquors. Charges 
like the following repeatedly occur. "Apr. 21, 1730. Nathaniel Chand- 
ler to 1 q. rum Is. 6d ; at v/eden 2 g. 145 id/' — "Dec. 5, 1732. Sam. 
Fish is dr. i p. rum swetened, 8d ; ^ p. spised rum, 8d; next morning t 
p. more, Id; and at night i p. more, 7i." By the same it appears that 
from September to January, 1730, he laid in a stock of over 450 gallons of 
rum, and in May following a barrel for his carpenters, and thirty-three 
gallons more to sell. Mr. Soule owned two sloops, the Seaflower and the 
Dolphin, which were employed coasting between Virginia, Maryland, the 
Carolinas and the North. 

Maj. Alden was f(dlowed soon after by Capt. Seth Sprague, Capt. Syl- 
vanus Sampson, Mr. Parker from Plympton, Mr. Winslow Hooper in 1811, 
and since that period there have been Messrs. William Sampson, Samuel 
A. Frazar, Charles Drew, Jr., N. and J. Ford, Eleazer Harlow and others. 


In this place it may not perhaps be amiss to give the marl;s of the various 
fishing grounds without the beach, which are the resort of parties of pleas- 
ure and others in the proper season. These lie wholly between Branches' 
Island on the North, and Manomet point on the South. The marks, 
whose value must be of short duration, in consequence of the temporary 
character of many of them, are here inserted, if for no other reason, to 
preserve a record of the present, which may be of some interest in the 

Ned's ground is a rocky ledge of some length, North and South, but of 
little breadth, East and West. The water is about ten fathoms. Bring 
the orchard of Mr. Waterman Thomas in range of the " topsail tree," so 
called, a large and tall tree on the highlands beyond, which has the appear- 
ance of a topsail schooner ; and on the other side bring Indian Hill in 
Sandwich, just out by Manomet on the South. On the westerly edge of 
this ground is a single rock, called Rowland's ledge, which is situated 


about a mile and a half from a large flat rock, called the Sunk rock, which 
bears E. by S. from Rouse's Hummock. 

Faunce's ledge extends in length N. and S., and is very narrow. The 
ground is broken, and the water is about ten fathoms. Bring Indian Hill 
just over tiie point of Manomet, and Captain's Hill over the South part of 
the Piuml) lulls on the beach. 

High Pine kflge is a very narrow strip of ground running N. E. and S. 
W., and about a quarter of a mile in length. Four or five fathoms is the 
average depth of water. In some places it is so shoal that the fish can be 
easily seen. When the tide is very low five locks are leil bare. I3ring 
the summit of Manomet just open by the Gurnet, and Captain's hill over 
the middle of the High pines. 

Thump Caps, of which there are said to be three, lying contiguously 
with a muddy bottom between, called the Outer, the Middle, and the Inner. 
Bring the northwesterly point of INIanomet in range with Warren's orchard 
in Plymouth, which can quite readily be distinguished, ;is it is the only con- 
siderable clump of trees lying near the shore ; and the trees on Clark's 
Island fairly open by the Gurnet, or Captain's Hill just over the northern 
declivity of the Gurnet. 

Cole's hole. This ground extends N. and S., with about five fathoms of 
water. Bring the house on Saquish in range with the house on the Gur- 
net ; and the High pines fairly open by the Gurnet. 

Marshall's ledge. This is a very small piece of ground, about a mile S. 
S. E. of the High pine ledge, and an excellent fishing spot, having about 
twelve fathoms of water. Bring Warren's clilis open by the Gurnet ; and 
a little sand hill on the beach (the first one South of the High Pines) in 
range of Captain's Hill. 


Page 26, line 25, " Typographical " should be " Topographical." 

Page 36, line 1, dele s in " meadows." 

Page 84, lines 8, 12, and last but one, " Ino." should be " Jona." 

Page 93, line 18, ditto. 

Pages 112, (line 9th from bottom) and 113, (lines 22 and 39,) "Ash- 
erst " should be " Ashurst." 

Page 153, line lOlh from the bottom, " proceeded " should be " pre- 

Page 279, line 3d from bottom, " Mercy " should be " Nancy." 

Page 300, line 17, after Dorcas, insert a comma. 

Page 325, line 3, " queme " should be " quern." 

Other mistakes have doubtless occurred, and if the true reading is appa- 
rent to the reader's eye, it is to be hoped that they will bo corrected, and 
viewed with indulgence. 


[Every name, which has occurred in the preceding pages, is embraced in the following Index; 
though, if the same occur more than once on a page, but one reference is made to that page. 
In case of intermarriages between two members of Dux bury families, the names of either 
have not been indexed, as they both occur under the head of their respective family names ; 
and when the full date is not given in connection with the marriage of the female, it will 
generally be found with that of the male, wlien both were members of Duxbury families. — 
Fam. stands for Family, or Families ; and Interm. for Intermarriages.] 


Abington, 135, 253, 298, 342. 

Adams, 3U5, 321. 

Alarm orders, 93, 94, 101, 
102, 164 ; Alarm list, 124 ; 
Alarm boats in 1812, 1C2, 
165 ; Fine for making false 
alarm, 90, 94. 

Alcock, 184. 

Alden Family, 213; arms, 
213. Hon. John, at Dux. 10, 
17, 32, 35, 70, 77, 99, 109 ; 
of the council of war. 101, 
102 ; his biography, 55 ; his 
proceedings with the Qua- 
kers, 99, 100; his burial- 
place, 177.- Col. Briira-s, 

at Dux. 19, 78, 118, 119; dur- 
ing the revolution, 124, 141, 

143 ; his biography, 147. 

Col. Ichabod, at Dux. during 
the revolution, 193, 126 : his 
death and character, 132-4. 

Maj. Jiidah, 21, 78, 123, 

130-2, 146, 161, 351 ; a biog. 

sketch, 147. Tohn, 20, 73, 

92, 115, 118, 163, 18.5, 187, 

191. Jonathan, 79, 101, 

109, 111, 18.5. David, 77, 

79, 81, 82. Samuel, 26, 

118, 123, 147, 158, 187, 193, 
195, 196, 197, 202.— ife«ja^ 

min, 74, 82, 141, 192. 

Isaiah, 20, 146. Bezaleel, 

140,142. Wrestling, 140, 

142. Joseph, 92. Am- 
herst, 193. Abiathar, 144. 

Caleb, 205. 

Allen, 907, 238, 243, 275, 287, 
295, 306, 3-21, 347. 

Allerton, Isaac, 23, 55, 60, 235. 

Allyn, Rev. Dr. ; outrages on 
his house, 88 ; his family, 
207-8 ; his early life, 207-8 ; 

his ordination and ministry, 
207 ; his death and charac- 
ter, 208-9. 

Ames, 22, 81, 93, 205, 220, 322, 

Andrews, 22, 81, 921, 328. 

Andros, Sir Edmund, 109-10. 

Annable, 294. 

Appletree, first in N. Eng. 234. 

Ardpaton, 221. 

Arnold, Fam. 221 ; interm. 

226. Bildad, 121, 124, 135, 

137, 140, 141, 142, 148. 

Edward, 146, 187. Ezra, 

118, 135, 137. James, 73, 

198, 202. Samuel, 14, 107. 

Seth, 15, 44, 115, 185. 

Arminian scheme, 194. 

Arms, men of Dux. able to 
bear, in 1643, 92 ; ordered to 
be carried to church on the 
Sabbath, 94, 104, 112, 137. 
Town voted to buy some, 

Armstrono, 221. 

Aslmry, 341. 

Ash, 144. 

Ashdod, 12. 

Ashurst, Sir Henrj', 112. 

Assistants, 58, 59, 77. 

Atkins, 249. 

Attlehurough, 217, 237. 

Attorneys of the town, 86. 

At wood, 179, 180, 199. 

Auger, 192, 196. 

Autographs, of Elder Brews- 
ter, 48 ; of Capt. Standish, 
51 ; of John Alden, (i3 ; of 
Howland and Eaton, 64; of 
Comfort Starr, 65 ; of Wm. 
Pabodie, 07; of C. South- 
worth, 68; of Alex. Stand- 
ish, 09 ; of Col. Church, 107 ; 
of Col. Alden, 116. 


B. t 

Babbage, 256. 

Babcock, 317, 328. 

Bacon, 101, 116,202. 

Bailey, 246, 277, 279. 

Baker, Fam., 222; interm. 
231, 277, 279, 280, 288, 344 ; 
name mentioned, 86, 124, 

Baldwin, 74. 

Balfour, Capt., 127-130. 

Bandoleers, 89. 

Bangs, 10, 282. 

Bannister, 265. 

Barbar, 288. 

Barker, Fam., 223 ; interm. 
276, 288, 309, 319. Robert, 

44, 63, 66, 81, 103-4, 182. 

Francis, 16, 78, 79, 81, 111 
IVame mentioned, 81, 116, 
117, 136, 169, 182, 341. 

Barnaby, 225. 

Barnes, 84, 90, 178, 208, 231, 
240, 2.59, 264, 338. 

Barnstable Families, 907, 222, 
224, 230, 239, 244, 2.50, 203, 
266, 269, 274, 297, 337. 

Barrows, 347. 

Barstow, 224, 245, 278, 307. 

Bartin, 225. 

Bartlett, Fam., 295 ; interm. 
221, 270, 312, 315. Ebene- 

zer,5-2, 70, 118. Benjamin, 

77, 79, 110, 112. Ichabod, 


Bass, 196, 199, 213. 

Bas4et, Fam., 226; interm. 
256, 279. William, 17, 46, 
64, 66, 70, 77, 93, 172, 173. 

Bate man, 339. 

Bates, 927, 998. 

Batterby, 216. 

Battolph, 340. 



Bay of Dux.,2o. 

Beach, The, 27. Vessels 
wrecked there, 348. 

Beacon at Captain's Hill, 136. 

Beals, ^27, 342. 

Be ARE, 2-37. 

Beaver trade, 84. 

Belknap, 219. 

Bell, 263, 299. 

Bellows, 322. 

Benjamin, 274. 

Benson, 131. 

Bent, 302. 

Bestow, 144. 4 

Biddle, 227, 21, 90, 297. 

Billington, 34, 90, 221, 257. 

Binney, 279. 

Biographical Sketches of the 
men of the Revolution, 147 
to 159. 

Bird, 178, 343. 
^{uBEE, 227, 77, 85, 286, 321. 

Bishop, 81,228. 

Black, 318. 

Blackmore, 217, 239, 242, 301, 

Blake, 224, 315. 

Blanchard, 315. 

Blasland, 331. 

Blinraan, 14. 

Blossom, 2u9. 

Blush, 228. 

Boardman, 90. 

Boath, 316. 

BoNNEY, 228 ; name mention- 
ed, 28, 86, 93, 183. 

Boles, 73. 

Bonum, 338. 

Booth, 229. 244. 

Boston mentioned, 135, 180, 
201 ; families, 210, 214-fi, 
217-8, 222, 224, 229, 233, 239, 
240, 247-8-9, 251 , 257-8, 260, 
268, 271-2, 274-5, 283-4, 
298, 299, 304, 305, 309, 313, 
• 321, 3-»2, 323, 324, .326, 329, 

331, 332, 339, 340, 347 ; intm. 
219, 23.1,265. 

BoswoRTH, 239,290,314, 331. 

Bounds, 13. 

Bounties, 45. 

Bourn, Fara., 229; interm. 
192, 214, 224, 266. 

Bowden, 283. 

Bowditch, 278. 

Bowers, 84, 230. 

Bowman, 230. 

Bradforu, Fam., 230 ; interm. 
208, 232, 233, 242, 250, 276, 

313, 315. jVilUam, 15,34, 

,55, 68, 70, 77, 101, 179, 230-1, 

234. Samuel, 1 15, 126, 

130-2, 185. Gamaliel, sen., 

148, 190, 197, 201. Gama- 
liel, jr., 124, 126, 135, 149. 
Ot/icr.*, 123, 1^5, 131, 144, 

149, 162, 165, 207, 351. 
Braine, 217. 

Braintree families, 191, 241, 
245, 253, 278, 305, 307, 321. 
Interm. 213, 260, 263, 269, 

B ranee, 105. 

Brattles, 224. 

Brett, 85,93,234. 

Brewster, Fam., 234 ; interm. 

230,223, 2^0, 311, 313. 

Elder JVilliam, 4H, .55, 70,93, 

171. fonalhan, 10, 17, 64, 

70, 83, 8-1, 93, 173, 235. 

Joshua, 14.3-4, 146, 165, 168. 

Lme, 90, 93, 228. 

William, 81, 93, 94, 116, 185, 
186, 192. Others, 185, 118. 

Brewster tree, 234. 

Bridges, 18, 19. 

Bridgewater, 13, 135, 138, 192, 
196, 207; families, 214, 220, 
2.34, 241, 261, 266, 268, 282, 
295, 297, 306, 309, 310, 321, 
322, 333, 334, 338, 347, 349. 
Interm. 219, -220, 2,33, 270. 

Brigos, 81, 237; interm. 217, 
258, 281. 

Brisrham, 131. 

Briiihtman, 216. 

Brintnal, 340. 

Bristol, 240, 245, 269, 273, 280. 

Brooks, 219, 227,253, 256, 278, 
313, 345. 

Brooks, Herring, 32 ; Pine, 32 ; 
Pudding, 44 ; Mill, 16, .32 ; 
Stoney, 16, 32 ; Tussocks, 16, 

Brown, Fam. 238. Interm. 
269, .302, 319. John, 44, 77, 

92, 94, 100, 104 Peter, 

17, 48, 64. Others, 206, 264. 

Brown's Island, 26, 136. 
Brownell, 246, 335. 
Bryant, Fam., 238. Interm. 
242, 290. JVame mentioned, 

93, 139, 347. 
Buck, 241. 
Bucket, 310. 
Bulkiev, 14. 
BuUard, 283, 288. 

BuMPL's, Fam., 239. Name 

mentioned, 15, 17, 64, 70, 

105, 333. 
Bunker Hill battle, 130. 
Burlicck, 344. 
Burch.<ted, 216. 
Bur-ie, 116-7. 
Bi'RGEss, Fam., 239. Interm. 

262, 297, 318. 
Burial grounds. TIio first at 

Harden Hill, 176; one near 

the Methodist church, 177 ; 

the second, 183. 
Burlington, 205. 
Burman, 34. 
Burne, 116,240. 
Burroughs, 204. 
Burrows, 105. 
Burslev, 269. 
Bukto'n, 240. 
Bute, Lord. His efirgy burnt 

at Captain's Hill, 130. 
Butler, 240, 31ii. 
Bvrani, 116, 310. 


Caliphar, 275. 

Cambridge, 210,222,230,263, 

271,274,281, 297,322. 
Canada E.vpcdition, 110, 112. 
Canonacut, 105. 
Capron, 217. 
Carpenter, 68, 230, 200. 
Carriages, 87. 
Carver (town), -f'^. . 
('arver, Fam. ,240. fnir.John, 

r>-,, 63, 240. Others, 136, 

Caby, 69,241,324,340. 
Casement, 2.'J0. 
Caswell, 288. 

Cattle, 70, 171. 

Cedar Swamp, 33. 

Chaddock, 270. 

Chaises, 87. 

Chamberlain, 241. 

Chandler, Fam. 241 ; interm. 
261, 279. Name mentioned, 
70, 72, 77, 84, 90,93, 94, 116, 
118, 133, 1.37, 140, 141, 144, 
146, 166, 185, 187, 192, 195, 

Chapman, Fam., 244 ; interm. 
284. Name mentioned, 66, 
223. 1^1 <a 

Charter of 1691, 112-15. 

Chaiincv, 214, 349. 

Cheesbrook, 320. 

Cherry Valley, 132. 

Chickatabut, 75. 

Chllds, 294. 

Chillingworth, 270, 318, 339. 

Chilton, 55. 

Chipman, 116-7, 231, 269. 


History of, 171 ; letter to it 
from the General Court, 108 ; 
its action upon it, 109 ; its 
formation, 171 ; the second 
in Plymouth colony, 171 ; 
Rev. Hnlj)h Partridge, vide ; 
its petition til the Court, 172; 
the first iiiecting-house, 177 ; 
the church records, 177, 191 ; 
Rev. John Holmes, vide ; ttv 
bacco was not to be smoked 
near the church, 179 ; Rev. 
Ichabod Wistriill, vide ; the 
secoud meeting-house, 183 ; 
Rex\ John Robinson, vide; 
leave given to build pews, 
185; votes regarding child- 
ren on the Sabbath, 186 ; 
parsonage, 182, 187 ; Rev. 
Samuel Veazie, vide ; the 
Great Revival, 192; vote of 
the chh. respecting commu- 
nion, 193; votes concerning 
itinerants, 195 ; troubles 
with Veazie, 192-200 ; the 
ecclesiastical council's ad- 
vice to the church, 198-9 ; 
it raises money for the min- 
istry, 201 ; appoints a fast, 
201 ; vote to build a new 
house, 201 ; choose a candi- 
date, 201 ; Rev. Cks. Turner, 
vide ; vote concerning the 
sacrament, 202 ; commu- 
nion, 202 ; a committee 
to take care of boys, 202 ; 
purchase a silver tankard, 
203 ; to build a new house, 
203 ; admissions to the chh., 
203 ; invitations to settle 
given, 205; Rev. Zcdekiah 
Sanger, vide ; psalms order- 
ed to be sung without being 
read line by line, 206 ; a 
new house erected, 206-7 ; 
the burying ground, 207; 
invitations extended, 207 ; 
Rev. Dr. .John jUli/n, vide ; 
sacred scriptures ordered to 
be read every Lord's day, 
208 ; church library com- 
menced, 208 ; Rev. Benjamin 
Kent, vide ; Rev. Josiah 
Moore, the present pastor, 


.Church, Fain., 245. Interm., 
311, 335. Col. Benjamin^ 14, 
33, 81, 85, lOU-7, 110, 22«, 

245. Richard, 66, 70, 89, 


Chuichill, 137, 232, 267, 290, 
293, 304, 321. 

Churchman, 298. 

Clapp, 130-1, 306. 

Clark, Fam., 246. Interm. 
256, 265, 275, 284. Thurs- 

ton, 2a, 76. miliain,-2-?., 

81, 93, 94. Tliomas, 89. 

Others, 205, ^S. 

CJongh, 90. 

Cobb, 131, 251, 292, 322, 337, 

Cockennehew, 116-7. 

CoE, 247. 

Coffin, 219. 

Coggen, 262. 

Cohasset, 131. 

Colburn, 288. 

Cole, Fara., 247. Interm. 260. 
Name mentioned, 69, 85, 86, 
90, 103, 131. 

Coleman, 245. 274. 

Cole's hole, 352. 

Collier, William, 45, 46, 66, 
70, 84, 90, 101, 173, 177, 247, 

Collier, Capt., his letter to 
Diiiburv, 163. 

Collins, 271. 

Commerce, 27, 349. 

Committees of correspondence, 
124, 137, 142, 143 ; of inspec- 
tion, 126, 140, 143 ; of safety, 
135, 137, 140, 143, in the 
war of 1812, 162. 

Commons of the town, 35. 

Concord, 244. 

Coner, 116. 

Coney, 342. 

Congress, Provincial, 126, 135. 
of Plymouth county, 120. 

Conney, 284. 

Cook, 34, 89, 90, 249, 2.55, 257, 
266, 282, 309. 

Cooper, 179, 232, 240, 248, 
302, 303, 335. 

Copeland, 99, 319. 

Coquish, 116. 

Cornellv, 306. 

Cornish, 299. 

CoRVANNEL, 248. 

Cotte, 236. 

Cotton, 14, 60, 123, 129-31, 

199 &21. 
Council of war, 91, 92, 94, 101, 

102, 107. 
Courts of guard, 102. 
Crane, 218. 
Creeks. Robinson's. 14 ; 

Careswell, 14; Island, 32 ; 

Eaglenest, 171. 
Cripple rocks, 27. 
Crisp, 337. 

Crocker, 116,262,269. 
Crooker, 42, 250, 280. — 
Crosby, 168. 
Crowe, 180. 
Crows, 45. 
Crowswell, 195. 
Ciidworth, 94, 100, 103. 


Cullove, 347. 

Currency of the Revolution, 

Curtis, 42, 249, 202, 255. 

CusHiNo, Fam., 249. Interm. 
224, 238, 240, •J76, 293, 301, 
318, 344. Mentioned, 123, 
196, 349. 

CusHMAN, 60, 144, 188, 203. 
Fam. 249. Interm. 220, 224, 
2.31-3, 269-70, 309-11, 320-2, 

Cuteu, 116. 


Dabnoy, 86, 265. 

Dace, 257. 

Dammo.v, 74, 250. 

Daniels, 268. 

Dark day, 87, 

Darling, 243, 250. 

Dart, 236. 

Dartmouth, 208, 252, 254, 258, 
261, 268, 281-2, 300-1, 307, 

Davis, 250, 116-7, 131,343. 


Dawes, 116,123, 146,251. 

Daves, 316. 

Deane, 298, 332. 

Dearborn, 164. 

Decrow, 139. 

Dedham, 217. 

Delano, Fam., 251. Interm. 
219, 249, 272, 279, 280, 284, 
288. Philip, 17, 64-5, 70, 82, 

90, 185, 187-8, 198. Judak, 

82, 135, 137, 140, 141. 

Samuel. 54, 144, 165, 349. 
OJAer.v,' 19, 44, 116, 118, 124, 
132, 135, 137, 143, 144, 140, 
161, 185, 186. 

Deputies, 77. 

Derby, 309. 

Despard, 255, 42. 

Devell, 255. 

Dewesbnry, 251. 

Dickarson, 267, 269. 

Dillingham, 257, 290. 

Dimniack, 91. 

DiNGLEv. Fam.,255. Interm. 
232, 259, 273, 279, 321. 
Name mentioned, 20, 130, 

161, 165. 
Doan, 267. 
Dodson, 179. 
Dogged, 34. 
Dou'2et, 267. 
Dorchester, 180, 184. 
Doten, 222, 246, 259, 290, 307. 
Dotev, 283. 

Doughty, 202. 

Douglas, 116. 

Dover, 205. 

Drew, Fam., 256. Interm. 
302. Name mentioned, 20, 
44, 123, 131, 141, 144, 150, 

162, 322, 349, 351. 
Drewry, 216. 
Dunbar, 140. 
Dunham, 251. 

Dutch, war with the, 94, 103. 
Dutton, 316. 

DwELLEir, 81, 236. Fara. 257. 
Dwellings, 70, 172. 
Dwight, 233. 


Eagle nest, 32, 52. 
Eagle tree pond, 57. 
Eames, 105, 318. 

Eastham, 167, 247, 260, 293, 

298, 309 
Eaton, Fam., 257. Francis, 

64, 70. Samuel, 235, 321. 

Edgarton, 271. 


Edwards, 241. 

Eedv, 34, 286. 

Eells, 116-7, 19S. 

Eire, 32.3. 

Eliot, 184,233. 

Ellis, 260, 268, 322. 

Ellison, 288. 

Embargo act, 160. 

England. War with U. S. 161. 

Her cruisers disguised, 167, 

Ensign, 22, 257, 
Epworth, 166. 
Everill, 214. 
EvESOR, 244, 258. 
Ewell, 90, 290. 

Fair at Dux. in 1638, 171, 

Fairhaven, 169. 

Fallowell, 179. 

Falmouth, 269, 275. 

False alarm of 1814, 16.5. 

Faunce, 204, 266, 267,288, 297, 
322, 331. 

Faunae's ledge, 3.52. 

Ferniside, 258, 93, 223. 

Ferries, 66; at Jones River, 
224, 298; at New Harbor, 

Finney, 231. 

Firearms, unnecessary dis- 
charge of, fined, 104 ; pro- 
cured by the town, 126. 

Fires, 52, 68, 86, 87. 

First settlers, 48 ; possessions 
of, 54. 

Pish, 78, 124, 132, 169, 185, 
188, 351. Fam. 2.58. Inter., 
^2, 243, 342. 

Fisher, 2.58. 

Fishing, carried on in Dux., 
350. Number of vessels 
owned there, 27, 350. Ves- 
sels captured by the British, 

Fishing ground, marks of the, 

Fitch, 219, 231, 238, 

Fitchburs, 2*2. 

FoBEs, 92, 105, 2.58, 314, 315, 

Folser, 270. 

Ford, 92, 138, 351. Fam., 
259. Interm., 222, 240, 282, 
3il9, 312, 318, 330. 

Forrest, 347. 

Forster, 329. 

Forts at the Gumet, 136, 162, 
165 ; in 1812, 161-2, 170. 

Foster, 125, 196, 235, 231, 253, 
284, 287, 326, 337. 

Fowle, 270. 

Fox, 294. 

Foxwell, 247, 

Francis, 116,208. 

Fbazar, Fam. 259. Samuel .^., 
20,79, 161, 168, 349,3.50. 

Freeman, 77, 82, 102, 118, 124, 
140,141, 165, 194, 195,i20.5, 
349. Fam., 260. Interm., 
231, 280, 293, 313, 319, 320, 



Freemen, 84-G. 

Freetown, 270. 

French, 276. 

Frost, 2CI. 

Frothingham, 305. 

Frjer, 305. 

Fuller, 91, 9.i, 102-3, 199, 9.^0, 

Fam., 2til. Intenn., 2.'>T. 

271, 277, 278, 290,301-2,307. 
FuUerton, 260, 311, 315. 


Gage, Gen., letter from the 
justices to, 124 ; atidress of 
Marshfield to, and his reply, 
128; address of Dux. and 
five other towns to, 127. 


Gainer, 202. 

Gannet, 261, 22, 93,287. 

Gabdker, 261, 146. 

Garrison, 10.5. 

Gates, 275, 321. 

Gay, 202, 232. 

Genealogical Registers, 211 ; 
plan and abbreviations of, 

George, 116. 

Gerrish, .340. 

Gibson, 309. 

Gidnev, 21.5. 


Gilbert, 2.32, 319. 

Gilson, 278. 

Glass, 81, 118, 123, 132, M3, 
144. Fam. 262. 

Gloucester, 289. 

Goarton, 89, 90. 

Godfrey, 92, 241, 263. 

Goff, 299. 

Gooding, 165, 238, 252, 319. 

Goold, 237. 

GooLE, 203, 93. 

Gorham, 103, 112,263. 

Goss, 288. 

Gouch, 117. 

Grants to Duxhury, 86. 

Graunger, 23.5. 

Graves, Admiral. His reply 
to the Marshfield loyalists, 

Gray, 34, 219, 276, 314, 329, 

Groat Britain, war with, in 
1812, Itil. Neutrality of 
Du.v. in that war, 1(^2. 

Green, 248. 

Green's harbor, 13. 

Grenville's effigv burned at 
Captain's Hill,'l20. 

Grosse, 305. 

Gulliver, 249. 

Gurnet, 2.53. 

Gurnet, 15, 23, 99. Fort, 136, 
162, 165. Lighthouse, 30, 
136. Meadows, 30. 


Haden, 263, 93. 

Halberds, 94. 

Hales, 263. 

Halifax, 87, 13.5, 138, 140, 197, 

271, 295, :f02, 333. 
Hall, Fam., 263. Interm. 

277,31], Name mentioned, 

93-4, 120, 134-5-7, 141, 223, 

346, 349. 
Hallct, 214, 247. 
Hammond, 131, 300. 
Hanbubt, 264. 
Handmer, 264. 
Hanks, 264, 123. 
Ilaiimore, 267. 
Hanover, 87, 135, 196, 197. 

Fam. 227, 249, 253. Interm. 

Hanson, 13, 127. 
Harding, 264, 93. 
Harlow, Fam., 264. ElcazeVf 

44, 86, 87, 165, ^51. Others, 

81, 130, .345. 
Harmon, 265. 
Harris, 265, 93. 
Harrison, 265, 299. 
Hart, 253. 
IIabtub, 265, 93. 
Harvev, 103, 304, .338. 
Hatch, 205, 1,5, 259, 275, 315, 

317, 321. 
Hathaway, 266. Dr. Rvfun, 

21, 147. 
Ilatlierly, 46, 90, 94, 100. 
Ilattnn, 260. 
Haughton, 316. 
Haven, 74,207. 
Ilawes,22, 81,266,298. 
Hawke, 217, 237. 
Hawthorne, 213. 
Hayden, 339. Vide Haden. 
Hayfc.rd, 116. 
Haymaii, 246. 
Havwaro, Fam., 266. Inter, 

216,219,2211, 283, 307,338. 

Name mentioned, 76, 81, 89, 

93, 307. 
Health of the town, 87. 
Hcarker, 90. 
Hrdge, 102. 
Ik-nry, 262. 
Hciisliaw, 205. 
Hepburn, 116. 
Heriirk, 162,33,3,341, 
Herring fishery, 45. 
Herringttm, 317. 
Hersey, 231, 280. 
Hewitt, 266, 161,290. 
Hicks, 266, 64, 179, 293, 310. 
Higgins, 244, 298. 
Higlnv.ays, 17. 
High pines, 28. 
High pine ledge, 352. 
Hill, 267, 90, 116, 199. 
Hilliard, 207. 
HiLLiER, 267, 4,3, 92. 
Ilills. Allerton's, 23; Cap- 
tain's, 23, 93, 120, 131, 136, 

162,321; Duck, 26; North, 

Hilton, 320. 
Hinckley, 101, 103, 116,232, 

233, 320. 
Hingham, 202, 229-4-9, 230, 

237, 245, 257, 267, 272, 274, 

275, 280, 281-3, 29G-7, 299, 

307, 309, 318. 
Hitchcock, 206, 208, 
Hitty Tom, 76. 
Hoare, 95. 
Hnbart, 230, 289. 
HdlMimok, 32, 50, 53. 
Hodges, 146. 
Hodgkins, 338. 
Hollovvay, 46, 90, 291. 
Holly Swamp, 31. 

Holnian, 90. 

Holmes, 78, 81, 89, 169, 179, 
182, 183. Fam., 967. Inter. 
221,293, 295, 299, 312,318, 
320, 3:!(l, .343, 344. 

Holmes, Rev. John. His min- 
istry, 178 ; death, 179, and 
fam'ily, 179. 

Hooper, 351. 

Hopkin, 89, 90, 282, 296. 

Hoskins, 341. 

Hounds Ditch, 32. 

House, 268. 

Howard, 268, 144, 254, 295, 

nowE9,9e8, 993, 296. 

Howitt, ,344, 345. 

Howland, Fam., 269. Interm. 
228, 238, 284, 314, Jirthur, 

98. Henry, 70, 85, 92, 98. 

Jtibez, 107. Joseph, 

162. John, 17, .55, 63-4, 70, 

84, 99, 267. Samuel, 36. 

ZneVi, 99, 17& 

Howse, 270. 

Hubbard, 288. 

Huddlestone, 116. 

HrDsnN,271,22, 297, 327. 

Hull, 3(a 

Hull, 19(;, 199, 2,37-8, 241, 276, 
280, 294, 314, 339. 

Humiliation, riav of, 86, 101, 
102, 104, 111, 112. 

Hunt, 22, 81, 92, 105,107, 118, 
144, 146, 162, 167, 173, 22:?. 
Fam., 271. Interm. 231, 

Huntington, 232. 

Hussev, 272, 93,271. 

Hutrhins, 344. 

Hyland, 202. 


Incorporation of the town, II. 

Indians, praying, 24, 75 ; made 
slaves, 71," 314 ; allies of the 
English, 102,. 105, 112; sell- 
ing powder to tlieni fined, 
46 ; do. liquor, do. 339 ; da- 
mage done them, paid lor, 
85; account of them, 74-6; 
their name for Duxbiirv, 13; 
f<u- Marshfield, 14 ; their bu- 
rying grounds, 177. 

Ipswich, 228. 

Irish, 272, 43, 90, 92. 

Islands, ,32 ; Rrown's, 26 ; 
Clark's, 14, 23, 349; Little 
Wood, 14. 

Ivey, 225. 


Jackson, 27.3, 116-7, 248, 318, 

Jacob, 276. 
Jacobs, 42, 209, 238. 
James, 202, 220, 299. 
Jaques, 2.33. 
Jenkins, 90, 269. 
Jenny, 10, 89, 321. 
Johnson, 241, 293, 3.39. 
JoicE, Fam., 273. Interm. 

139, 261, 311. 
Jonas, 116-7. 
Jones, 116, 201, 286, 326, XiO. 



Josselyn, 42, 125, 278. 
Jourdaine, 297. 
Jove, G6, 294. ' 
Judd, 2«7. 


Kean, 273. 

Keen, 116, 224, 273, 280. 

Kei», 273. 

Keith, 3*2. 

Kemp, 273, 85, 178. 

Kempton, 10, 202. 

Kendar, 228. 

Kennebec, 68, 85. 

Kenneric, 90. 

Kenrick, 10. 

Kent, 52, 53, 199,271, 272,333. 

Kent, Rev. Benj., 210. 

KiDBVE, 274. 

King, 15, 67, 279, 294, 298. 

Kingman, 205. 

Kingston, 10, 16, 87, 127, 130-1, 
135-6, 140, 145, 152, 158, 184, 
202, 206. Fam., 231-3, 236, 
281-2, 294, 296. Interin. 
226, 241, 253-4,257, 268, 271, 
273, 290, 302, 310, 329, 332, 
333, 342. 

Kinnev, 146. 

Kitson, 296. 

Kmght, 274. 

Knowles, 167. 

I4A.MBERT, 274. 

Land, 179, 274. 

Landmarks, 23. 

Lane, 271, 297. 

Lansdon, 272, 332. 

Langton, 316. 

Latham, 274, 55, 172, 266. 

Lathley, 274, 299. 

Lathrof, 274, 247. 

Lattany, 262. 

Laiighton, 283. 

Laveller, 116. 

Lawresce, 275, 93, 319. 

Laws of the colony, revised, 

83, 84 ; concerning marriage, 

LiZELL, 275, 333, 
Learned, 148. 
Leavitt, 280. 
Lebanon, 184, 217, 250, 311, 

Le Brock, 230. 
Lee, 181, 269. 
Ijeonard, Fam., 275. Interm. 

253. Name mentioned, 92, 

103, 179, 199, 223. 
Lelrich, 275. 
Leverett, 340. 
Lewis, 131, 239, 269, 300, 315, 

Lethorne, 276, 17. 
Liberty pole, J38 ; recanta- 
tions, 138. 
Lincoln, 223, 227, 238, 278, 

LisDALL, 276, 92, 173. 
Liquors, 85. 
Little Compton, 67, 106, 137, 

226, 245, 271, 273, 285, 286, 

299 315. 
Little, 105, 219, 238, 260, 278, 

279, 319, 341. 

Lobdell, 321. 

Long point, 33. 

Longevity, 87. 

Longfellow, 159. 

LoRiNf;, Fam , 276. Interm. 
224, 237, 238. Daniel, 123, 

145, 151. Jotham, 151. 

Samuel, 32, 78, 123, 124, 150, 

161. Thomas, 82, 115, 118, 

185, 186. Others, 20, 124, 
126, 135, 137, 140, 141, 144, 
151, 194, 349, 350, 351. 

Louden, 280, 87, 272, 342. 

Low, 105. 

Lowell, 324. 

Loyalists of Marshlield, 127-9, 

Lucas, 24. 

Lynn, Fam., 230, 240, 255, 260, 
"263-4, 273, 339. Interm. 


JIaccane, 288. 

Magoon, 266, 281. 

Majors Purchase, 15, 33. 

Manly, Capt., 137. 

Mannamoiet, 18. 

Mansfield, 260. 

Mantomock, 117. 

McCally, 117. 

McFarland, 281, 42, 265. 

McLaughlin, 281, 118, 166, 

Map of the town, 87. 

Maritime Annals of the Revo- 
lution, 144-5 ; of the war of 
1812, 164-9. 

Marcy, 205. 

Marry, 343. 

Marsh, 288. 

Marshall, 178, 207, 399. 

Marshall's ledge, 352. 

Marshfield, 13-5, 18, 35-6, 86, 
89,99, 1U4-5, 126-30,135,138-9, 
197, 206. Fam., 221-2, 224, 
226-7,229,239-40, 247, 2.55, 
259-60, 263, 266-70, 273-5, 
282, 291-2, 295, 297-9, 307, 
309, 311, 317-18, 324, 326, 
327, 330, 332-4, 337. Interm. 
217, 225, 243, 262, 271, 278, 

Martha's Vineyard, 178. 

Martin, 247. 

Massachusetts, 139. 

Mason, 288. 

Mather, Rev. Increase, 112, 
113, 184 ; Rev. Cotton, 114. 

Mattakeesett, 13. 

Matthew, 131. 

Matthews, 278. 

May, 116, 230. 

Mavcumber, 66, 76, 92, 28L 

Mayes, 299. 

Mayflower, last surviving pas- 
senger of the, 60, 63. 

Mayhew, 130. 

Maynard, 281, 22, 323. 

Mayo, 167,293. 

Meacock, 235. 

Medfield, 277, 288. 

Mendall, 282, 90. 

Mendame, 282. 

Mendlowe, 282. 

Mendon, 304. 

Merrick, 282, 22, 81, 93, 260, 

Merritt, 282. 

Merry, 305, 347. 

Miantinomo, 90. 

Middleboro', 107, 135, 146, 214, 
225-6, 239, 257, 269, 273, 287, 
297, 310, 313-4, 329, 337. 

Middlecott, 321. 

Military discipline, 91, 109. 

regulations, 101, 104. 


Militia officers, 89, 90, 91, 93, 

94, 95,111,112,115, 162,165. 
Miller, 116-7. 
Mills, 46, 36; defended in 

war, 105. 
Milom, 305. 

Milton, 178, 218, 328, 331, 332. 
Minute companies, 123, 158. 
Miscellany, 83. 
Missaucatucket, 14. 
Mitchell, 70, 85, 282, 302, 

Mollineaux, 316. 
Moody, 254. 
Moore, 105, 205,228. Fam., 

283. Interm. 272, 335, 340. 
Moore, Rev. Josiah, 210. 
MoRET, 283, 225. 
Morgan; 236. 
Morlev, 323. 
Morse, 205, 269. 
Mortality, 86, 87. 
Mortemore, 216. • 

Mortis, 283, 24, 64, 108, 294, 

Morton's hole, 10, 33, 183. 
Mount Hope, 103. 
Mountjoy, 216. 
Mousall, 271. 
Miiggs, 279. 
MuLLiNs, 2a3, 56, 93. 
Murdofk, 225, 238. 
Musquito hole, 33. 
Mynne, 316. 
Mynor, 284. 


Namasakeeset, 13, 14. 

Name of Dusbury, origin of, 
11 ; spelling of, 12. 

Nantucket, 219, 270. 

Narragansets, 90, 94, 105. 

Na3h, Fam., 284. Name men- 
tioned, 70, 90, 91, 93-4, 98, 
101, 280. 

Nauset, 267. 

Neal, 284. 

Ned's, ground, 351. 

Needham, 217. 

Nelson, 34, 180, 225, 284. 

Newburgh, N. Y., 219. 

Newbury, 226, 287. 

New Castle, 184. 

Newcome, 285. 

New Gloucester, 242. 

New Hampshire, 139. 

New London, 235, 236. 

Newton, 276. 

New York, 139. 

Niantick, 95. 

Nickerson, 256, 33.3. 

Nichols, 246, 267. 

Ninnegrett, 95. 

Noaks, 117. 

Nook, The, 19 ; topography of, 

NoRcuT, 284, 42, 117,244. 

Norris, 117, 280. 

North Yarmouth, 293, 315. 



Norton, 99. 

Norwich, Ct., 230, 236, 321, 

Nottage, 340. • 

Nowett, 117. 


Oakman, 2G5. 

Dales, 326. 

Old French war, 117 ; men of 

Dux. who served in, 116. 
Oldham, 285, 81, 92, 123, 349. 
Orchard, C9. 
Orchards, 17, 57, 70. 
Ordinaries, 46. 

OSBOBN, 285. 

Osgood, 279. 

Otis, 197. 

Otter rock, 31. 

Osyer, 123, 295, 326, 327. 

Owen, 250, 301. 


Pabodie, Fam., 285. Name 
mentioned, G7, 77, 85, 92, 
IOC, 234, 2tiG. 
Packard, 220, 243, 275, 290. 
Paddock, 280,248, 214. 
Paddv, 90, 2r,0. 
Paine, 217, 272, 29S, 321. 
Palisadoes, 70, 171. 
Palmer, 17, C4, 90, 223, !>37, 
239, 271, 286, 315, 338. Fam. 
Parker, 192, 217, 303, 351. 
Parks, 2.35, 248, 321. 
Parret, 332. 
Pabris, 42, 79, 287. 
Parsons, 203, 204,:^. 
Partridge, Fam., 287. Cal- 

v!n, 124, 137, 141, 1.52. 

Oeorge., 34, 44, 07, 81, fi3, 

201. Hon. Oeorge, l.VJ, 

74, 78, 79, 121, 12't-0, 130, 
135, 140-1, 160, 186. Others, 
118, 135, 136, 165, 185,201, 
Partridge, Eev. Ralph. His 
ministry, 171 ; his death, 
character, elegv, 173 ; will, 
177 ; family, 178. 
Pastures required to be fenced, 

Patten cell, 228. 
Paupers, 8(i. 
Peace in 1815, 170. 
Peagon, 118. 
Peakes, 288, 81. 
Pccksudt, 51. 
Peirce, 288, 22, 8.5, 93, 103, 

105, 173, 288, 312, 319. 
Pellsant, 316. 
Pcniberton, .341. 
Peniliroke, 13, 16, 44, 87, 127, 
13.-., );il,202, 206, 2IJ8. Fam. 
223, 240-1 , 247, 2.53, 269, 273, 
281, 285,287-8, 311, 32l,3->9, 
341-2. Intertn. 2:'9, 2.36, 243, 
247, 2.52-3, 9.57, 271 , 278, 280, 
315, 327, 334. 
Penn, 2.57. 
Penniman, 264. 
Pensioners of the Revolution, 

Pe(iuot war, volunteers in, 89. 

Perkins, 345. 
Pern-, 117,222,260. 
Peter, 117. 

Petersov, 44, 118, 143, 1?8. 
Fam. 289. Intenn. 233, 242, 
268, 295. 
Philip, 102; his deatW, 105. 
Philip's war, 103-6; loss of | 
the English in, 105; con- 
tribution of Ireland after, 
Phillips, 90, 93, 10.5, 108, 118, 
130, 138, 139, 186, 214,282. 
Fam. 291. 
Physicians, 65. 
Picknel, 307. 
PiDcocK, 292, 93. 
Pidcoke, 292. 
Pier, The, 29. 
Pine point, 33. 
Pitcher, 117,186,331. 
PIvmouth, 10, 13, 16, 126-7, 
J30, 135-6, 138, 162-3, 166, 
171, 179, 197, 202, 207.— 
Rock, 55. Fam., 913, 221, 
225, 230, 233, 235, 239, 240, 
246-50, 2.56-7, 2(n, 2C3-4, 
267-9, 274, 289, 288, 293, 297, 
309-10, 331, 333, 338. Inter. 
224, 226, 536, 9:'8, 257, 2C5, 
289, 305, 318, 327. 
Plvrapton, 988. 

Plvmptnn, 126, 130, 1.35, 136, 
192. Fam., 273, 30], 302, 
310, 322. Intcrm. 237, 250, 
270, 275, 276. 
Plunimer, 300. 

Ponds, 33. niackwater, 13 ; 
Eagle tree, .57 ; Jones' river, 
PoNTUs, 293, 34, 202. 
Poole, 94. 
Pope, 89, 131, 162. 
Population of Dux. 16. 
Porter, 280. 
Portland, 250. 
Pound, 83. 

Powiler point, 16, 27, 33. 
Powder mills, 27. 
Power, 304. 
Powers, 117. 
Pov.nalboro', Me., 223. 
Pratt, 10, 180, 280, 294, 298, 

Pkence,293, 10,17, 33,64,99. 

100, 101. 
Presland, 89. 
Preston, 236, 321. 
Price 299. 

Prince, 293, 115,315,349. 
Pring, 321. 

Prior, 82, 93, 116-7, 118,13.5, 


Fam., 294. Interm. 229, 

238, 242, 249, 268, 282, 290. 

Privateers. The Asli, 144 ; 

David Porter, 169. 
Punckatocosett, 106. 
Putnam, 210. 


auack, 117. 

Quakers, 98. Attending meet- 
ings of, punished, 98, 99; 
entertaining them punished, 
98, 99; banished, 99; their 
niecting.s in Dux. 99. 

Queen's guards, 126. 
Quincy, 272. 


Ragget, Capt., 166. 

Rainer, 178. 

Ralph, 117. 

Ramsden. 257. 

Rnnd, 202, 206, 232, 933, 268. 

Randall, 295, 42, 258, 268. 

Rankin, 260. 

Ransom, 337. 

Read, 295,93, 269. 

Records, of the town, 68, 82 ; 

of the church. 177, 191. 
Redding, 90, 117. 

Reed, 116. 

Reeves, .334. 

Rehoboth, 2,38,268, 272, 306. 

Representatives, 77 ; to the 
conventions of the Revolu- 
tion, 141. 

Revolutionan,' votes. To en- 
courage home manufactures, 
121 ; to ])urchase corn for 
time cf need, 134, 136; to 
stand by congress, 135 ; 
about a new constitution, 
136, 141, 142, 160 ; to make 
a report of tories, 138 ; to 
fulfil the resolves of con- 
gress, 140 ; to raise soldiers, 
141, 142, 143; to raise mo- 
ney, 142, 143, 145. 

Revolutionary Annals, U8-46. 
Reply to the committee of 
Boston, 121 ; assistance giv- 
en to Boston, 135. 

Rexham, 13. 

Revner, 316. 

Reynolds, 296. 

Rhenolds, 296. 

Rhode Island campaign, 137. 

Rice, 74, 233. 

Richard, 336. 

Richards, 296, 231, 292, 321. 

Richardson, 296, J89. 

Richmond, 246, 276, 280, 297, 

Rider, 205, 225, 226, 248, 289, 

Ring, 34, 246, 301. 

RiPLEV, Fam., 296. Interm., 
218,219, 931, 2.50, 254,262, 
278. Name mentioned, 118, 
193, 144, 184. 

Rivers, 30-2. Bluefish, 19; 
Cut, 14 ; Gotum, 14 ; Indian 
Head, 15 ; Jones, 10 ; North, 
13, 18; South, 13. 

RoniiiNs, 297, 93, 239. 

Roben, 117. 

Roberson, 297, 118. 

Roberts, 297, 286. 

KoBiNsow, Fam., 297. Name 
mentioned, 51, .55, 90, 100, 
226, 2:i9, 241,290. 

Roj>inson, Rev. John. His 
mirti.-^try, 184 ; his salary, 
185, 187 ; his troubles and 
dismission, 187 ; anecdotes 

■ of him, 187, 189, 190, 191 ; 
his family, 184 ; his wife's 
death, 18.5. 

Rochester, 130, l.?5, 221, 225, 

RooERs, Fam., 297. Interm. 



223, 232, 245, 259, 271, 279, 
299, 319, 32fi, 343. John, 17, 
69, 77, 81, 93, 234, 241, 294, 
299. Joseph, 81, 93, 101. 

Rood, 322. 

Rose, 298. 

Rothbothjim, 21G. 

Rouse, 299, 28, 99, 323. 

Row guard of 1812, 162, 165. y\ 

RowE, 299. 84, 217. 'I 

Rowles, 322. 

Roxbuiy, 210, 217. 

Ruggles, 131. 

Rum, use of, 86, 351. 

BossELL, 299, 22, 120, 173,297, 

Sachama, 117. 

Saco, 214, 218. 

Saconet, 102, 299. 

fSalein, 162, 215. 

Salmon, 270. 

Samrns, 308. 

Sampson, 28, 67, 79, 90, 92, 
117, 118, 123-4, 131, 136-8, 
1411-1, 144, 146, 162, Ifo, 166, 
173, 182, 186, 188, 191, 194, 
197, 240, 349-51. Fam., 300. 
Interm. 218, 220, 233, 254, 
260-1, 280, 288, 311-2, 320, 
331 343. 
.Sandwich* 131, 138. . Fam., 
230, 2aS, 239-41, 248, 255, 
253, 260, 264, 270, 273, 298, 
305, 307, 312, 398, 338, 339. 

Sanger, Rev. Zed. His min- 
istry, 205 ; letter of accept- 
ance, 205 ; his ancestrj- and 
family, 205 ; his ordination 
and iSrst sermon, 206 ; his 
salary', 207 ; his dismission, 
207 ; 'his character, 207 ; set- 
tles at Bridgewater, 207 ; 
engages in navigation, 207. 

Saquish, 15, 23, 23, 29, 66. 

Saunders, 30.5. 

Savase, 214, 331. 

Saxton, 272. 

Scales, 31.5. 

Scammel, 1.58. 

Scarborougli, 218. 

Schools, 71-4. Higli school, 

Scituate, 13, 14, 16, 87, 90, 92, 
127, 135, 168, 178-9, 192, 196, 
202-3,207-8. Fam., 217, 220, 
224, 9S7, 228-9, 237, 241, 248, 
2.53, 261, 266-8, 274-5, 281, 
383-4, 294-5, 297-9, 306-7, 
316, 322-4, 326, 3.33, 337, 346, 
347. Interm. 219, 220, 225, 
230, 236, 239, 256-8, 312, 

Scottow, 339. 

Scouts, town ordered to main- 
tain a standing, 105. 

Seaburv, Fam., 305. Samuel, 
22, 44, 47, 65, 73, 80, 82, 112, 
179, 183, 185, 187, 197, 201, 
202, 267. 

Sea Fencibles, 162. 

Sear.s, 131. 

Seaver, 229,«32. 

Seaward, 86. 

Selectmen, 79. 

Sentries at Captain's Hill, 124. 

Settlement of the town, 9. 

Shaving mills, 145. 

Shaw, 22, 123, 192,205,206, 
207. Fam., 306. Interm. 
238, 283. 

SHAWson, 307. 

Sheep, 24, 135. 

Shelly, 264. 

Sherard, 340. 

Slierburne, 205, 206, 279. 

Sherman, 307,22, 92,245,259, 
267, 279. 

Shertly, 291. 

Ship-building, 349. 

Ship owners and masters, 350. 

Shore, 117. 

Shrewsbury, 2G5, 282. 

Sides, 252. 

Simmons, Fam., 307. Interm. 
244, 284, 310, 341. Name 
mentioned, 64, 65, 70, 116, 
162, 1(7, 179, 185, 186, 18S. 

Simon, 117. 

Skiffe, 199,230. 

Slaves, 70, 71. 

Small pox in Dux., 87. 

Smith, 14, 117, 131, 136, 202, 
206. Fam. 309. Interm. 
220, 229, 256, 270, 279, 288, 
320, 340, 341. 

Snell, 73, 220, 223, 324. 

Snow, 118. Fam., 309. In- 
termarriages, 222, 2£3, 247, 
256, 259, 293. 

Sodom, 12. 

Sogkon.ates, 107. 

Soldiers' equipments, 92, 94, 
111 ; pay, 93, 102, 103. 

Somerby, 316. 

Souhegan, 73. ' 

SouLE, Fam., 310. Interm. 
218, 334. Family arms, 
313-4. /Oeorge, 70, 77, 89, 

99. Tohn, 99, 182. 

Joshua, 187, 188, 194, 195, 

350. Zachary, 27, 92. 

Others, 1U5, 140, 166, 169, 
170, 179, 188, 198, 201, 350. 

Souther, 91. 

Southworth, Fam., 314. 
Interm. 273. Pedigree in 
England, 316. Constant, 44, 
46, 68, 85, 89, 93-4, 102, 185, 

231,310. Edward, 16,68, 

72, 185, 187. James, 98, 

135, 137, 149, 349. Tho- 
mas, 68, 101, 188, 310. 

Others, 193, 192. 

Sparrow, 103, 131, 260, 293. 

Speer, 117. 

Spooner, 336. 

SpRAGUE, Fam., 317. Interm. 
225, 278, 309, 343. Francis, 
17, 46, 47, 70, 93, 172, 276. 

John, 105, 183, 188. 

Sa>mtcl,62, 123, 184. Seth. 

19, 79, 146, 169, 163, 1651 
318,319, 349, 351. Others, 
12, 86, 118, 123, 124, 146. 

Spring, 204. 

Sproat. 314. 

Sprout, 320, 123, 129, 285. 

Squamaiig, 75. 

Slacia, 134. 

Stamp act, 118. Resolves of 
the town upon, 119; its re- 
peal, 119; and the rejoicing 
thereat, 119-20. 

Standish, Fam., 320. Interm. 
279, 341. Fam. Arms, 96. 
Alexander, 69, 82, 96, 180, 
183, 351 Tosiah, 77, 95, 

101, 102, 109. Cpt. Mules, 

10-2, 15, 17, 23, 33. 48, 5.5-6, 

89, 90, 93-5. His house, 59 ; 

spring, 53 ; swords, 54, 98 ; 

coat of mail, 54, 98 ; proper- 

tv, 55, 69, 70, 96. Miles, 

Standlake, 394. 
Stanford, 322, 217, 219, 135, 

Starr, Fam., 322. Comfort, 

65, 90, 93. lohn, 22, 69, 93. 

Stearns, 210, 260. 

Steel, 231. 

Stetson, 323, 42, 223, 238, 

243, 266, 271, 278. 
Stevens, 291. 
Stevenson, 233. 
Stockbridge, 323, 79, 138. 
Stocks, 83. 
Strangers, 87 ; entertaining 

them, fined, 87. 
Studlev, 228, 301,310. 
Sturtevant, 131, 260, 333. 
Stvle of dates, 11. 
Pudbury, 20.5. 
Sullivan, 137. 
Summers, 300. 
Swanzcv, 102, 238, 240,247, 

269, 272, 286, 297, 334. 
Sweetser, 313. 
Switzer, 324, 257. 
Sylvester, 324, 73, 112, 118, 

218, 349. 
Synod of 1647, 176. 


Tarkiln, 12. 
Tarpits, 235. 
Taunton, 138, 205, 228, 232, 

2C3, 964, 266, 273, 275,281, 

992, 326. 
Tavlor, 2,58, 2C9, 331. 
Temple, 262. 
Tennev, 297. 
Terrili", 298. 
Thacher, 32.5, 81, 82, 91, 101, 

178, 183,269,273,289. 
Thanksgiving, 85. 
Thaxter, 245, 254. 
Thaver, 74, 278, 304. 
Thomas, 69, 73, 89, 91, 118, 

123, 126, 130-1, 137-8, 184, 

199. Fam., 395. Interm. 

217, 225, 254-5, 262, 269, 

278-9, 291, 300, 302,317, 319, 

342, 344. 
Thompson, 131, 256, 295^ 331. 
Thome, 340. 
Thorp, 396,223. 
Thrasher, 275. 
Thresher, 117. 
Thump caps, 352. 
Tidge, 178. 

Tnden^l39j_226j_2202a^285 . 
Tilson, x.'4/. 
Tinckham, 347. 
Tinbeitown, 12. 
TisDELL, 396, 93, 905, 297. 
Tiverton, 314, 315, 324. 
Tobey, 117,260,279,319. 
Tolman, 312, 319, 331, 337. 
Tompkins, 396, 92. 
'Topographv of the town, 23-35. 
Tories, of Marshfield, 127-9, 

138. None in Duxburv, 138. 

Treatment of them, 139, 140. 
Torrey, 292. 


Tour, 144, 340. 
Tower, 3-26. 

Town officers. Surveyors ot 
highways, 21; clerks, 68, 
82; representatives, 77 ; se- 
lectmen, 79 ; constables, 81 ; 
treasurers, 82. 
Townshend, 131. 
Tracy, 32t). 13, 17, 77, 79, 111. 
Trader, the first in Duxbury, 

Traininc-field, Ho. 
Tray, 117. 
Treasurers, 82. 
Tree of knowledge, 13. 
Treeblc, 327. 
Trees, 26. 
Trewant, 267. 
Troop, 244. 
Trouest, 327. 
Truant, 3-27, 22, 92. 
Trumbull, 18.5, 189. 
Tubes, 327, 22, 90, 92. 
Tucker, 340. 
Tupper, 139, 148. 
Turfrev. 214. 

Fam., 327. Interm. 2-22, 
2-25 232, 2.36, 2i)l5, 271,299 
304', 323, 341,341. 
Turner, Rev. Charles. His 
ministry and salarj-, 202 ; 
his familv, 202 ; his dismis- 
sion, 203; his character, 
203-4 ; anecdotes of nun, 
203-4 ; afterwards a senator, 
203-4 ; an ardent whig, 154 ; 
prepares young men for col- 
lege, 74, 1.52. 
Tyler, 304. 



U, V. 

United colonies, confederation i 
of, 90. 

UssEL, 327. 

Vassel, 91. 

Vaughan, 269. 

Veazie, Rev. Saml. H.s min- 
istry, 191 ; his family, 191 , 
his troubles with the socie- 
ty t<»-^ • Whitfield converts 
him,' lil2 ; his labors objec- 
tionable, 193 ; his note to the 
ecclesiastical council, IJo; 
asks his dismission, 190; 
his law-suit, 197; another 
council, 197 ; his dismission, 
108 ■ recommended to tne 

chh! of Hull, 199; C""'i" 

accounts of the troubles, 199, 
200 ; anecdotes of him, iui. 

Verdie, 329. 

Verge, 344. 

Vering, 340. 

Vermage, 320. 

^S^i.t,27,m cap- 
tured in the Revolution 144 
_in the war of 1812, 166 



Vinal, 201,219. 

Vincent, 328. 

Village, The, 12. 


Virginia, 139. 

V.ibcs, 93, 258. 

Vose, 151- 

Wade, 117, 131. 
Wadswobth, Fam., 3*28. in- , 
term. 234, 272. Fam. arms, i 
3-28. ', Christopher, 17, 44', 69, 

70 7^, 7!i, 81, -83, 90. 

Join, 12, 16, 73 71, '8, 80, 
82,110, 117, 118, 121, *3, 
1.55, 180, 187. 201.— -Pc'/^, 
81 1-^1 124,126,130-1,130-/, 
H'),l57, 158, 202, 203.—- 
JVait, 80, 118, 121, 123-4, 
140.. Otficrs, 80, 116, 118, 
123 126, 132, 144, 145, lo9, 
166', 169,349. 
Waite. 328. 
Wakefield, 218. 
Walker, 332, 34, 79, 236, 2/0, 

^l, 274, 309, 310, 3ol 
Walley, 214. 
Wallis, 332, 43._ 
Wampanoags, 105. 
Warapatuck, 75. 
VVannapooke, 76. 
Wanton, 333. 

Wareham, 13o. 

VVvshbcrV, 333', 17,81, 93,94, 

137, 173, 239, 342. 
Washington, Gen., 126, 136 
Waste, 243, 248. 
Watches in the night, 104, 

W-^TERMAN, 333, 165, 167, 217 

218, 221, 226. 
Waters, 299. _ 
Watertown, 204-5, 208, 222, 

Watson, 334,24, 129,275,306. 

Wattles, 2.50. 

Wealth of the town, 70, 86 

Wears, 84. 

Webb, 73. 

Weechertown, 12. 

Weed, 117. 

Weeks, 117. 
1 Welch, 220. 
1 Weld, 269. 

Wells, 327. 

Wpnslev, 260. 
' West 334, ^, 34, 47, 70, 80, 
1 81,83,86,185.188, 190,208, 

West Indies, expedition 
I against, 116-7. 
Weston, Fam. 334. Interm. 
219,303,310,321 322 341. 

EdmiLnd,m. ^''■«; 19,27, 

134, 141, 161, 162, 349, .1.50, 
35l! Others, 80, 118, 12'., 
136, 140, 143-4, 146, 165, 169, 
187, 349. 
Weybobne, 337. 
Weymouth 178,^1,^,259, 
"72 284, 285, 292, 296, 298, 
305' 306, 318, 324. 
Whaleboat Expedition. 10 
Sandwich, 131 ; to auincy, 
148 ; in Boston harbor, l.iO. 
Whale fishery, 3.50. 
Whales, 86. 

Wharf, the first in Dux., .l.>i). 
Whetcome, 262. 
Whipping-posts, 83. 
White, 33,90, 105, 11/, 125, 
138, 139, 146, 192. tam., 

337. Interm. 2», 255, 272, 

2-?8, 292, 298. 
Whitefield, 192. 
Whitman, 74. 
Whit marsh, 302. 
Whitney, 220. 
Whittcmore, 222, 290. 
Whvtock, 348. 

Wilbor, 246, 315. 

Wilder, 257. 

Wilkinson, 340.v.^ 

Willct, 94, 238. 

Williams, 89, 224, 297, 3-S, 
337, 340. 

WiLMAM30N,337,282, 318. 

Williard, 214. 

Willis, 337, 90, 93,184,223, 

228, 258, 262. 
Wills, 244, 288. 
Wilson, 338, 93, 230. 
Windham, Ct., 236, 275. 
WiNSLow, Fam., 338. Interm. 
oo) ^-i9, 238, 310. Ouv. 

E'lward, 55, 70, 99. Ooe. 

Josiah, 34, 101. Dr. haut, 

I08 138. Others, 20, 69, 
116, 117, l-ij, 129. 
WiNsoB, Fam., 339. Interm. 
219 274. Name, its origin, 
345' ; the English family, 
345-6 ; their armorial bear- 
in-'s, 345-6. The Rhode Isl- 
and family, 346. JsTathamd, 
26, 80, 87, 144, 162, 167, 169, 
350._!_Jos/i«a, 19, 20, lt>2, 
166, 168, 350. Others 118, 
144' 162, 166, 167, 108, 349, 
Winter, 74, 217, 266. 
Wiswall, 231. , . . , „. 
Wiswall, Rev. Icnabod. Hia 
ministry, 180 5 f^^n^'J' ^^" ! 
his letter to Hinckley, leu , 
keeps a school, 72 ; agent lo 
England, 107-9, 112-15; hi9 
death and character, 183-4 ; 
an astrologer, 184 ; his sala- 
r^', 181, 182; his will and 
estate, 180. 
Witchcraft, 215. 
WiUciwamatt, .52. 
WiTHEBELL, 346, 90, 102, 103, 

263, 273, 285. 
Woburn, 296. 
Wolcolt, 185. 

Women gather the crops dur- 
ing the Revolution, 137. 
Wood, 131, 179, 180. 
Woodberry, 117. 
Woodcock, 2,53. 
Woodman, 246. 
Woodward, 166, 220. 
Woodworth, 302, 307. 
Woolwich, 201, 313. 
WoBMALL, 347, 22, 189. 
Wright, S^, 146, 230, 237, 303. 

305, 310, 322. 
Wyman, 315. 

V, Z. 

Yarmouth, 214,222, 5^5,21.3, 

Young, 2.5.5. 

Yoiiihs, recpiired to perform 
military duty, 105. 

Zachary, 117. 

Zachary's rocks, 27.